|This article is part of a series on the|
| Politics of the|
United States of America
This is a list of United States state legislatures. Each state in the United States has a legislature as part of its form of civil government. Most of the fundamental details of the legislature are specified in the state constitution. With the exception of Nebraska, all state legislatures are bicameral bodies, composed of a lower house (Assembly, General Assembly, State Assembly, House of Delegates, or House of Representatives) and an upper house (Senate). The United States also has one federal district and five non-state territories with local legislative branches, which are also listed below. Among the states, the Nebraska Legislature is the only state with a unicameral body. However, three other territories – the District of Columbia, Guam, and the U.S. Virgin Islands – also have unicameral bodies.
The exact names, dates, term lengths, term limits, electoral systems, electoral districts, and other details are determined by the individual states' laws.
Party Control of Legislatures
Note: A party with a numerical majority in a chamber may be forced to share power with other parties due to informal coalitions or may cede power outright because of divisions within its caucus.
Party Control of State Governments
|Democratic governor/Republican-controlled legislature||8|
|Republican governor/Democratic-controlled legislature||4|
|Democratic governor/Split legislature||1|
|Republican governor/Split legislature||1|
As of June 30,2019 [update]
|Party||Lower house||Upper house||Total|
|Republican (R)||2,772 (51.23%)||1,080 (54.77%)||3,853 (52.19%)|
|Democratic (D)||2,579 (47.66%)||874 (44.32%)||3,454 (46.78%)|
|Independent (I)†||18 (0.33%)||3 (0.15%)||21 (0.28%)|
|Progressive [VT] (P)||7 (0.13%)||2 (0.1%)||9 (0.12%)|
|Libertarian (L)||1 (0.02%)||0 (0%)||1 (0.01%)|
|Independence (IP)||1 (0.02%)||0 (0%)||1 (0.01%)|
|Vacant||33 (0.61%)||12 (0.61%)||45 (0.61%)|
†Includes legislators who are listed officially as unaffiliated, unenrolled, nonpartisan, etc.
|State||State Executive||Legislature Name||Lower house||Upper house|
|Alabama||Governor||Legislature||House of Representatives||R 77–28||4||State Senate||R 27–8||4|
|Alaska||Governor||Legislature||House of Representatives||Coalition 23 (15D, 6R, 2 ind)–17R||2||Senate||R 13–7||4|
|Arizona||Governor||State Legislature||House of Representatives||R 31-29||2||Senate||R 17–13||2|
|Arkansas||Governor||General Assembly||House of Representatives||R 76–24||2||Senate||R 26–9||4|
|California||Governor||State Legislature||State Assembly||D 61–19||2||State Senate||D 29–11||4|
|Colorado||Governor||General Assembly||House of Representatives||D 41–24||2||Senate||D 19–16||4|
|Connecticut||Governor||General Assembly||House of Representatives||D 91–60||2||Senate||D 22–14||2|
|Delaware||Governor||General Assembly||House of Representatives||D 26–15||2||Senate||D 12–9||4|
|Florida||Governor||Legislature||House of Representatives||R 73–47||2||Senate||R 23–17||4|
|Georgia||Governor||General Assembly||House of Representatives||R 105–75||2||State Senate||R 35–21||2|
|Hawaii||Governor||State Legislature||House of Representatives||D 46–5||2||Senate||D 24–1||4|
|Idaho||Governor||Legislature||House of Representatives||R 56–14||2||Senate||R 28–7||2|
|Illinois||Governor||General Assembly||House of Representatives||D 74–44||2||Senate||D 39–19||2 or 4|
|Indiana||Governor||General Assembly||House of Representatives||R 67–33||2||Senate||R 40–10||4|
|Iowa||Governor||General Assembly||House of Representatives||R 53–47||2||Senate||R 32–18||4|
|Kansas||Governor||Legislature||House of Representatives||R 84–41||2||Senate||R 28–11, 1 ind||4|
|Kentucky||Governor||General Assembly||House of Representatives||R 61–39||2||Senate||R 29–9||4|
|Louisiana||Governor||State Legislature||House of Representatives||R 68–35, 2 ind||4||State Senate||R 27–12||4|
|Maine||Governor||Legislature||House of Representatives||D 87–56, 6 ind, 2 vac||2||Senate||D 21–14||2|
|Maryland||Governor||General Assembly||House of Delegates||D 99–42||4||Senate||D 33–14||4|
|Massachusetts||Governor||General Court||House of Representatives||D 127–32, 1 ind||2||Senate||D 34–6||2|
|Michigan||Governor||Legislature||House of Representatives||R 58–52||2||Senate||R 22–16||4|
|Minnesota||Governor||Legislature||House of Representatives||D 75–55, 4 New Rep||2||Senate||R 35–32||2, 4, 4|
|Mississippi||Governor||Legislature||House of Representatives||R 75–46, 1 Ind.||4||State Senate||R 36-16||4|
|Missouri||Governor||General Assembly||House of Representatives||R 116–47||2||Senate||R 24–10||4|
|Montana||Governor||Legislature||House of Representatives||R 58–42||2||Senate||R 30–20||4|
|Nebraska||Governor||Legislature||Legislature||R 30–18, 1 ind||4|
|Nevada||Governor||Legislature||Assembly||D 29–13||2||Senate||D 13–8||4|
|New Hampshire||Governor||General Court||House of Representatives||D 233–165, 1 L||2||Senate||D 14–10||2|
|New Jersey||Governor||Legislature||General Assembly||D 52–28||2||Senate||D 24–16||2, 4, 4|
|New Mexico||Governor||Legislature||House of Representatives||D 46–24||2||Senate||D 26–16||4|
|New York||Governor||[Unnamed]||State Assembly||D 106–43, 1 IP||2||State Senate||D 40–23||2|
|North Carolina||Governor||General Assembly||House of Representatives||R 65–55||2||Senate||R 29–21||2|
|North Dakota||Governor||Legislative Assembly||House of Representatives||R 79–16||4||Senate||R 38–9||4|
|Ohio||Governor||General Assembly||House of Representatives||R 61–38||2||Senate||R 24–9||4|
|Oklahoma||Governor||Legislature||House of Representatives||R 77–24||2||Senate||R 39–9||4|
|Oregon||Governor||Legislative Assembly||House of Representatives||D 38–22||2||State Senate||D 19–11||4|
|Pennsylvania||Governor||General Assembly||House of Representatives||R 110–93||2||State Senate||R 28–22||4|
|Rhode Island||Governor||General Assembly||House of Representatives||D 66–9||2||Senate||D 33–4||2|
|South Carolina||Governor||General Assembly||House of Representatives||R 80–44||2||Senate||R 27–19||4|
|South Dakota||Governor||Legislature||House of Representatives||R 59–11||2||Senate||R 29–6||2|
|Tennessee||Governor||General Assembly||House of Representatives||R 73–26||2||Senate||R 26–5, 1 ind, 1 vac||4|
|Texas||Governor||Legislature||House of Representatives||R 83–67||2||Senate||R 19–12||4|
|Utah||Governor||State Legislature||House of Representatives||R 59–16||2||Senate||R 23–6||4|
|Vermont||Governor||General Assembly||House of Representatives||D 95–43, 7 P, 5 ind||2||Senate||D 22–6, 2 P||2|
|Virginia||Governor||General Assembly||House of Delegates||D 55–45||2||Senate||D 21–19||4|
|Washington||Governor||State Legislature||House of Representatives||D 57–41||2||State Senate||D 28–21 (20 R, 1 D)||4|
|West Virginia||Governor||Legislature||House of Delegates||R 59–41||2||Senate||R 20–14||4|
|Wisconsin||Governor||Legislature||State Assembly||R 63–36||2||State Senate||R 19–14||4|
|Wyoming||Governor||Legislature||House of Representatives||R 50–9, 1 Ind||2||Senate||R 27–3||4|
|Governor||Name||Lower house||Upper house|
|American Samoa||Governor||Fono||House of Representatives||Nonpartisan 20 + 1 nonvoting delegate||2||Senate||Nonpartisan 18||4|
|District of Columbia||Mayor||Council||-||-||-||Council (unicameral)||D 11–0, 2 I||4|
|Guam||Governor||Legislature||-||-||-||Legislature (unicameral)||D 9–6||2|
|Northern Mariana Islands||Governor||Commonwealth Legislature||House of Representatives||R 14–0, 6 I||2||Senate||R 7–0, 2 I||4|
|Puerto Rico||Governor||Legislative Assembly||House of Representatives||PNP 34–16, 1 PIP||4||Senate||PNP 21–4, 1 PIP, 1 I||4|
|US Virgin Islands||Governor||Legislature||-||-||-||Legislature (unicameral)||D 13–0, 2 I||2|
|New Progressive (PNP) legislators||55|
|Democratic (D) legislators||31|
|Republican (R) legislators||27|
|Popular Democratic (PPD) legislators||20|
|Puerto Rican Independence (PIP) legislators||2|
|Independent Citizens Movement (ICM) legislators||1|
|Independent and nonpartisan (I) legislators||52|
|Non-voting delegate (Swains Island)||1|
Nonpartisan democracy is a system of representative government or organization such that universal and periodic elections take place without reference to political parties. Sometimes electioneering and even speaking about candidates may be discouraged, so as not to prejudice others' decisions or create a contentious atmosphere.
The Michigan Legislature is the legislature of the U.S. state of Michigan. It is organized as a bicameral body composed of an upper chamber, the Senate, and a lower chamber, the House of Representatives. Article IV of the Michigan Constitution, adopted in 1963, defines the role of the Legislature and how it is to be constituted. The primary purpose of the Legislature is to enact new laws and amend or repeal existing laws. The Legislature meets in the Capitol building in Lansing.
The Vermont General Assembly is the legislative body of the state of Vermont, in the United States. The Legislature is formally known as the "General Assembly," but the style of "Legislature" is commonly used, including by the body itself. The General Assembly is a bicameral legislature, consisting of the 150-member Vermont House of Representatives and the 30-member Vermont Senate. Members of the House are elected by single and two-member districts. 58 districts choose one member, and 46 choose two, with the term of service being two years. The Senate includes 30 Senators, elected by 3 single-member and 10 multi-member districts with two, three, or six members each. It is the only state legislative body in the United States in which a third-party has had continuous representation and been consecutively elected alongside Democrats and Republicans.
The Minnesota Legislature is the bicameral legislature of the U.S. state of Minnesota consisting of two houses: the Senate and the House of Representatives. Senators are elected from 67 single-member districts. In order to account for decennial redistricting, members run for one two-year term and two four-year terms each decade. They are elected for four-year terms in years ending in 2 and 6, and for two-year terms in years ending in 0. Representatives are elected for two-year terms from 134 single-member districts formed by dividing the 67 senate districts in half.
The Michigan Senate is the upper house of the Legislature of the U.S. State of Michigan. Along with the House of Representatives, it composes the Michigan Legislature. Article IV of the Michigan Constitution, adopted in 1963, defines the role of the Legislature and how it is to be constituted. The primary purpose of the Legislature is to enact new laws and amend or repeal existing laws.
The Utah State Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Utah. It is a bicameral body, comprising the Utah House of Representatives, with 75 state representatives, and the Utah Senate, with 29 state senators. There are no term limits for either chamber.
The Legislature of American Samoa or Fono is the territorial legislature of American Samoa. Like most state and territorial legislatures of the United States, it is a bicameral legislature with a House of Representatives and a Senate. The legislature is located in Fagatogo along Pago Pago harbor.
The Nevada Senate is the upper house of the Nevada Legislature, the state legislature of U.S. state of Nevada, the lower house being the Nevada Assembly. It currently (2012–2021) consists of 21 members from single-member districts. In the previous redistricting (2002–2011) there were 19 districts, two of which were multimember. Since 2012, there have been 21 districts, each formed by combining two neighboring state assembly districts. Each State Senator represented approximately 128,598 as of the 2010 United States Census. Article Four of the Constitution of Nevada sets that State Senators serve staggered four-year terms.
Elections in California are held to fill various local, state and federal seats. In California, regular elections are held every even year ; however, some seats have terms of office that are longer than two years, so not every seat is on the ballot in every election. Special elections may be held to fill vacancies at other points in time. Recall elections can also be held. Additionally, statewide initiatives, legislative referrals and referenda may be on the ballot.
The Iowa Senate is the upper house of the Iowa General Assembly, United States. There are 50 seats in the Iowa Senate, representing 50 single-member districts across the state of Iowa with populations of approximately 60,927 per constituency, as of the 2010 United States Census. Each Senate district is composed of two House districts. The Senate meets at the Iowa State Capitol in Des Moines.
The Nebraska Republican Party (NEGOP) is the affiliate of the Republican Party in Nebraska. The party is led by Chairperson Dan Welch. The headquarters of the party are located in Lincoln.
The following table indicates the party of elected officials in the U.S. state of Nebraska :
House of Representatives is the name of legislative bodies in many countries and sub-national entitles. In many countries, the House of Representatives is the lower house of a bicameral legislature, with the corresponding upper house often called a "Senate". In some countries, the House of Representatives is the sole chamber of a unicameral legislature.
The Nebraska Legislature is the supreme legislative body of the state of Nebraska. Its members are called "senators." The legislature is officially unicameral and nonpartisan, making Nebraska unique among U.S. states; no other state has either a unicameral or a nonpartisan legislative body. With 49 members, it is also the smallest legislature of any U.S. state.
The 2016 United States elections were held on Tuesday, November 8, 2016. Republican businessman Donald Trump defeated Democratic former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in the presidential election, while Republicans retained control of Congress.
The 2020 United States elections will be held on Tuesday, November 3, 2020. All 435 seats in the United States House of Representatives, 35 of the 100 seats in the United States Senate, and the office of president of the United States will be contested. Thirteen state and territorial governorships, as well as numerous other state and local elections, will also be contested.
The 2018 Nebraska State Legislature elections took place as part of the biennial United States elections. Nebraska voters elected state senators in the 24 even-numbered seats of the 49 legislative districts in the Nebraska Unicameral. Nebraska is unique among American states in that there is only one chamber in its state legislature, and this chamber is called the Unicameral and the State Legislature interchangeably. State senators serve four-year terms in the Nebraska Unicameral.