Illinois House of Representatives
|Illinois General Assembly|
New session started
|January 9, 2019|
Length of term
|Authority||Article IV, Illinois Constitution|
|Salary||$67,836/year + per diem|
|November 6, 2018|
|November 3, 2020|
|House of Representatives Chamber|
Illinois State Capitol
|Illinois House of Representatives|
The Illinois House of Representatives is the lower house of the Illinois General Assembly, the bicameral legislature of the U.S. state of Illinois. The body was created by the first Illinois Constitution adopted in 1818. The House consists of 118 representatives elected from individual legislative districts for two-year terms with no limits; redistricted every 10 years, based on the 2010 U.S. census each representative represents approximately 108,734 people.
A lower house is one of two chambers of a bicameral legislature, the other chamber being the upper house.
The Illinois General Assembly (IGA) is the bicameral legislature of the U.S. state of Illinois and comprises the Illinois House of Representatives and the Illinois Senate. The General Assembly was created by the first state constitution adopted in 1818. The State Senate has 59 members while the House has 118 members, each elected from single-member districts. A Senate district is formed by combining two adjacent House districts. The current General Assembly is Illinois's 101st. The General Assembly meets in the Illinois State Capitol in Springfield, Illinois. Its session laws are generally adopted by majority vote in both houses, and upon gaining the assent of the Governor of Illinois. They are published in the official Laws of Illinois.
A state legislature in the United States is the legislative body of any of the 50 U.S. states. The formal name varies from state to state. In 25 states, the legislature is simply called the Legislature, or the State Legislature, while in 19 states, the legislature is called the General Assembly. In Massachusetts and New Hampshire, the legislature is called the General Court, while North Dakota and Oregon designate the legislature the Legislative Assembly.
The state legislature has the power to make laws and impeach judges. Lawmakers must be at least 21 years of age and a resident of the district in which they serve for at least two years.
U.S. President Abraham Lincoln, who oversaw the American Civil War and the end of slavery in the United States, began his career in politics in the Illinois House of Representatives.
Abraham Lincoln was an American statesman and lawyer who served as the 16th president of the United States from March 1861 until his assassination in April 1865. Lincoln led the nation through the American Civil War, its bloodiest war and its greatest moral, constitutional, and political crisis. He preserved the Union, abolished slavery, strengthened the federal government, and modernized the U.S. economy.
The American Civil War was a civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865, between the North and the South. The Civil War began primarily as a result of the long-standing controversy over the enslavement of black people. War broke out in April 1861 when secessionist forces attacked Fort Sumter in South Carolina shortly after Abraham Lincoln had been inaugurated as the President of the United States. The loyalists of the Union in the North, which also included some geographically western and southern states, proclaimed support for the Constitution. They faced secessionists of the Confederate States in the South, who advocated for states' rights in order to uphold slavery.
The Illinois General Assembly was created by the first Illinois Constitution adopted in 1818. The candidates for office split into political parties in the 1830s, initially as the Democratic and Whig parties, until the Whig candidates reorganized as Republicans in the 1850s.
Abraham Lincoln began his political career in the Illinois House of Representatives as a member of the Whig party in 1834.He served there until 1842. Although Republicans held the majority of seats in the Illinois House after 1860, in the next election it returned to the Democrats. The Democratic Party-led legislature worked to frame a new state constitution that was ultimately rejected by voters After the 1862 election, the Democratic-led Illinois House of Representatives passed resolutions denouncing the federal government's conduct of the war and urging an immediate armistice and peace convention, leading the Republican governor to suspend the legislature for the first time in the state's history. In 1864, Republicans swept the state legislature and at the time of Lincoln's assassination at Ford's Theater, Illinois stood as a solidly Republican state.
The Democratic Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States, along with its main rival, the Republican Party. Tracing its heritage back to Thomas Jefferson and James Madison's Democratic-Republican Party, the modern-day Democratic Party was founded around 1828 by supporters of Andrew Jackson, making it the world's oldest active political party.
From 1870 to 1980, Illinois' lower house had several unique features:
Cumulative voting is a multiple-winner cardinal voting method intended to promote more proportional representation than winner-take-all elections. Cumulative voting is used frequently in corporate governance, where it is mandated by some (7) U.S. states. (See e.g., Minn. Stat. Sec. 302A.111 subd. 2 .)
The Cutback Amendment was proposed to abolish this system. Since its passage in 1980, representatives have been elected from 118 single-member districts formed by dividing the 59 Senate districts in half. Each representative is "associated" with a senator.
The Cutback Amendment is an amendment to the Illinois Constitution that abolished multi-member districts in the Illinois House of Representatives and the process of cumulative voting. Before the amendment Illinois voters could vote three times for one candidate or spread their votes between two or three candidates. Three members were elected per district. When the Cutback Amendment was approved in 1980, the total number of House representatives was reduced from 177 to 118. The movement to pass the bill was largely led by Pat Quinn and Bus Yourell.
Nesting is the delimitation of voting districts for one elected body in order to define the voting districts for another body. For example, in California, the State Assembly is composed of 80 members, each one representing 1/80th of California's population, and the State Senate is composed of 40 members, each one representing 1/40th of California's population. In this case, the process of nesting could either be first defining the 80 Assembly districts, and then defining the Senate districts as a merge of two Assembly districts, or first defining the 40 Senate districts, and then creating the Assembly districts by splitting each Senate district into two. If the Assembly districts and the Senate districts are created independently of each other, then the process of nesting is not used.
Since the adoption of the Cutback Amendment, there have been proposals by some major political figures in Illinois to bring back multi-member districts. A task force led by former governor Jim Edgar and former federal judge Abner Mikva issued a report in 2001 calling for the revival of cumulative voting,in part because it appears that such a system increases the representation of racial minorities in elected office. The Chicago Tribune editorialized in 1995 that the multi-member districts elected with cumulative voting produced better legislators. Others have argued that the now-abandoned system provided for greater "stability" in the lower house.
The Democratic Party won a majority of House seats in 1982. Except for a brief two-year period of Republican control from 1995 to 1997, the Democrats have held the majority since then.
The first two African-American legislators in Illinois were John W. E. Thomas, first elected in 1876, and George French Ecton, elected in 1886.In 1922, Lottie Holman O'Neill became the first woman elected to the Illinois House of Representatives. In 1958, Floy Clements became the first African American woman to serve as state Representative. In 1982, Joseph Berrios became the first Hispanic American state representative. Theresa Mah became the first Asian American to serve in the Illinois House when she was sworn into office January 10, 2017.
The Illinois House of Representatives meets at the Illinois State Capitol in Springfield, Illinois. It is required to convene on the second Wednesday of January each year. Along with the Illinois Senate and governor, it is vested with the power to make laws, come up with a state budget, act on federal constitutional amendments, and propose constitutional amendments to the state constitution.The Illinois House of Representatives also holds the power to impeach executive and judicial officials.
A person must be a U.S. citizen and two-year resident of an electoral district of at least 21 years of age to serve in the Illinois House of Representatives.Members of the House cannot hold other public offices or receive appointments by the governor while in office.
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
|End of previous legislature||72||44||118||2|
|January 7, 2019||74||44||118||0|
|Latest voting share||62.7%||37.3%|
The current Speaker of the Illinois House of Representatives is Michael Madigan (D-Chicago), who represents the 22nd district. The Democratic Party of Illinois currently holds a majority of seats in the House. Under the Illinois Constitution, the office of minority leader is recognized for the purpose of making certain appointments. Jim Durkin (R-Western Springs), representing the 82nd district, currently holds the post.
As of November 1,2019 [update] , the 101st General Assembly of the Illinois House of Representatives consists of the following members:
|6||Sonya Harper||Democratic||2015 Ɨ||Chicago|
|7||Emanuel Chris Welch||Democratic||2013||Hillside|
|9||Art Turner||Democratic||2010 ƗƗ||Chicago|
|10||Jawaharial Williams||Democratic||2019 Ɨ||Chicago|
|13||Greg Harris||Democratic||2006 ƗƗ||Chicago|
|14||Kelly Cassidy||Democratic||2011 Ɨ||Chicago|
|15||John C. D'Amico||Democratic||2004 ƗƗ||Chicago|
|16||Yehiel Mark Kalish||Democratic||2019 Ɨ||Chicago|
|18||Robyn Gabel||Democratic||2010 Ɨ||Evanston|
|19||Lindsey LaPointe||Democratic||2019 Ɨ||Chicago|
|20||Bradley Stephens||Republican||2019 Ɨ||Rosemont|
|21||Celina Villanueva||Democratic||2018 Ɨ||Chicago|
|23||Michael J. Zalewski||Democratic||2008 ƗƗ||Riverside|
|26||Kam Buckner||Democratic||2019 Ɨ||Chicago|
|27||Justin Slaughter||Democratic||2017 Ɨ||Chicago|
|28||Robert Rita||Democratic||2003||Blue Island|
|29||Thaddeus Jones||Democratic||2011||Calumet City|
|31||Mary E. Flowers||Democratic||1985||Chicago|
|33||Marcus C. Evans, Jr.||Democratic||2012 Ɨ||Chicago|
|34||Nicholas Smith||Democratic||2018 Ɨ||Chicago|
|35||Frances Ann Hurley||Democratic||2013||Chicago|
|36||Kelly M. Burke||Democratic||2011||Evergreen Park|
|38||Debbie Meyers-Martin||Democratic||2019||Olympia Fields|
|40||Jaime Andrade Jr.||Democratic||2013 Ɨ||Chicago|
|43||Anna Moeller||Democratic||2014 Ɨ||Elgin|
|44||Fred Crespo||Democratic||2007||Hoffman Estates|
|46||Deborah Conroy||Democratic||2013||Villa Park|
|47||Deanne Mazzochi||Republican||2018 Ɨ||Elmhurst|
|48||Terra Costa Howard||Democratic||2019||Glen Ellyn|
|49||Karina Villa||Democratic||2019||West Chicago|
|50||Keith R. Wheeler||Republican||2015||Oswego|
|52||David McSweeney||Republican||2013||Barrington Hills|
|53||Mark Walker||Democratic||2019||Arlington Heights|
|55||Marty Moylan||Democratic||2013||Des Plaines|
|57||Jonathan Carroll||Democratic||2017 Ɨ||Northbrook|
|59||Daniel Didech||Democratic||2019||Buffalo Grove|
|60||Rita Mayfield||Democratic||2010 Ɨ||Waukegan|
|64||Tom Weber||Republican||2019||Lake Villa|
|68||John Cabello||Republican||2012 Ɨ||Machesney Park|
|70||Jeff Keicher||Republican||2018 Ɨ||DeKalb|
|75||David Welter||Republican||2016 Ɨ||Morris|
|78||Camille Y. Lilly||Democratic||2010 Ɨ||Chicago|
|80||Anthony DeLuca||Democratic||2009 Ɨ||Chicago Heights|
|81||Anne Stava-Murray||Democratic||2019||Downers Grove|
|82||Jim Durkin||Republican||2006 Ɨ||Western Springs|
|83||Barbara Hernandez||Democratic||2019 Ɨ||Aurora|
|85||John Connor||Democratic||2017 Ɨ||Lockport|
|86||Lawrence M. Walsh, Jr.||Democratic||2012 Ɨ||Elwood|
|87||Tim Butler||Republican||2015 Ɨ||Springfield|
|88||Keith P. Sommer||Republican||1999 Ɨ||Morton|
|89||Andrew Chesney||Republican||2018 ƗƗ||Freeport|
|91||Michael D. Unes||Republican||2011||East Peoria|
|93||Norine Hammond||Republican||2010 Ɨ||Macomb|
|95||Avery Bourne||Republican||2015 Ɨ||Pawnee|
|100||C. D. Davidsmeyer||Republican||2012 ƗƗ||Jacksonville|
|104||Michael Marron||Republican||2018 Ɨ||Fithian|
|106||Thomas M. Bennett||Republican||2015||Gibson City|
|107||Blaine Wilhour||Republican||2019||Beecher City|
|111||Monica Bristow||Democratic||2017 Ɨ||Alton|
|114||LaToya Greenwood||Democratic||2017||East St. Louis|
|116||Nathan Reitz||Democratic||2019 Ɨ||Steeleville|
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