Melrose Park, Illinois

Last updated
Melrose Park, Illinois
Downtown Melrose Park.jpg
Motto(s): 
"Corporate King of the Suburbs"
Cook County Illinois Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Melrose Park Highlighted.svg
Location of Melrose Park in Cook County, Illinois.
Illinois in United States (US48).svg
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 41°54′28″N87°51′52″W / 41.90778°N 87.86444°W / 41.90778; -87.86444 Coordinates: 41°54′28″N87°51′52″W / 41.90778°N 87.86444°W / 41.90778; -87.86444
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
County Cook
Township Proviso
IncorporatedSeptember 11, 1882
Government
  MayorRonald M. Serpico
Area
[1]
  Total4.24 sq mi (10.98 km2)
  Land4.24 sq mi (10.98 km2)
  Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Elevation
630 ft (190 m)
Population
 (2010)
  Total25,411
  Estimate 
(2019) [2]
24,703
  Density5,828.93/sq mi (2,250.31/km2)
Time zone UTC-6 (CST)
  Summer (DST) UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
60160, 60161, 60164 (unincorporated Melrose Park)
Area code(s) 708, 847/224 (unincorporated Melrose Park)
FIPS code 17-48242
Wikimedia CommonsMelrose Park, Illinois
Website melrosepark.org

Melrose Park is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States. It is a suburb of Chicago. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 25,411. [3] Melrose Park had long been home to a large Italian-American population.

Contents

The suburb was the home of Kiddieland Amusement Park from 1929 until 2010 (it closed in September 2009 before it was demolished in 2010 and the sign of Kiddieland was relocated to the Melrose Park Public Library, a Costco store now stands in its place), the Shrine of Our Lady of Mt. Carmel, Stern Pinball, Inc., the Melrose Park Taste home of the famous Melrose Stuffed Peppers, and the now-defunct Maywood Park horse racing track.

There is a Metra railroad station in Melrose Park with daily service to Chicago. Melrose Park is home to Gottlieb Memorial Hospital.

History

According to the Encyclopedia of Chicago, in 1882 residents of a then-unincorporated portion of Proviso Township voted to establish their own municipality—called simply "Melrose" until 11 years later, in 1893, when the "Park" was added and population in the area began to steadily increase. The first Italian-Americans arrived in 1888. On March 28, 1920, the F4 Palm Sunday tornado cut a 328-foot-wide (100 m) path over 1,094 yards (1,000 m) through the village and killed ten people. It destroyed the Sacred Heart Church and attached convent. [4]

At the turn of the 20th century, the population surge plateaued and industry began to stagnate; it was only after World War I that the local economy was able to recover, the result of a number of manufacturing companies setting up shop in the village. New industry, coupled with Melrose Park's prime geographic location next to the Proviso freight yards, led to a steady increase in the number of area jobs. This continued after World War II, with still more companies moving to Melrose Park. Zenith Electronics, Alberto-Culver, Jewel, and International Harvester (now Navistar) are some examples. [5] Many of these companies are still located in Melrose Park and the local industry remains stable, but Alberto-Culver no longer exists and Zenith continues to exist as a brand only today.

During the late 1990s, in an effort to attract more commerce, the village underwent major cosmetic improvements, beginning with the redesigning of all village street signs. The wooded area on both sides of Silver Creek, between Broadway and 17th Avenue along North Avenue, was almost completely excavated, the grass replaced, and wood chips were added along the bases of the remaining trees. Many busy streets were repaved and the athletic field next to the village hall was completely redone. This has helped not only to attract new businesses, but also many first-time home buyers.

The athletic field next to the village hall is named after the late Ralph "Babe" Serpico, father of the current mayor, Ronald M. Serpico.

Unincorporated Leyden township is partially located in Melrose Park, IL and the residents in that part have a Melrose Park address. Residents of unincorporated Melrose Park share a zip code with neighboring Northlake.

Economy

Navistar International has a factory and an engine group office in Melrose Park, closing in 2021. This building was formerly a Buick plant that made aircraft engines for WWII. Melrose Park Immediate Care is a medical and dental clinic located in downtown Melrose Park.

Geography

According to the 2010 census, Melrose Park has a total area of 4.24 square miles (10.98 km2), all land. [6]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1880 200
1900 2,592
1910 4,80685.4%
1920 7,14748.7%
1930 10,74150.3%
1940 10,9331.8%
1950 13,36622.3%
1960 22,29166.8%
1970 22,7161.9%
1980 20,735−8.7%
1990 20,8590.6%
2000 23,17111.1%
2010 25,4119.7%
2019 (est.)24,703 [2] −2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census [7]

As of the census of 2010, [8] there were 25,411 people living in the village. The racial makeup of the village was 57.0% White, 5.9% African American, 0.5% Native American, 1.8% Asian, 31.8% from other races, and 3.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 69.6% of the population.

Education

Elementary school districts serving sections of Melrose Park: [9]

Proviso Township High Schools District 209 operates public high schools. The community is served by Proviso East High School in Maywood. [10]

Private schools: [9]

Nearby private schools include Fenwick High School in Oak Park and St. Patrick High School in Chicago. [9]

Triton College is the area community college. [9]

Notable people

Sports

In 2012, Melrose Park became home to the Chicago Vipers who play in the Continental Indoor Football League. They played their home games at Sports Zone before being renamed to the Chicago Pythons and moving to Homer Glen.

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References

  1. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
  2. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Melrose Park village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2013.
  4. Marbella, Fidencio; Margaret Flanagan (2009). Melrose Park, Illinois (Images of America Series). Arcadia Publishing. pp. 85–104. ISBN   978-0-7385-6093-9.
  5. "Melrose Park, IL". www.encyclopedia.chicagohistory.org. Retrieved 20 August 2018.
  6. "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-10-26.
  7. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  8. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved 2016-12-09.
  9. 1 2 3 4 "Public Grade and High Schools." Melrose Park, Illinois. Retrieved on March 18, 2017.
  10. "About Proviso Township High Schools District 209 Archived 2017-04-12 at the Wayback Machine ." Proviso Township High Schools District 209. Retrieved on February 23, 2014.
  11. Mike Woodard, Society for American Baseball Research.