California State Assembly

Last updated

California State Assembly
California State Legislature
Seal of the Assembly of the State of California.svg
Type
Type
Term limits
6 terms (12 years)
History
New session started
December 5, 2022
Leadership
Robert Rivas (D)
since June 30, 2023
Speaker pro tempore
Jim Wood (D)
since November 22, 2023
Majority Leader
Cecilia Aguiar-Curry (D)
since November 22, 2023
Minority Leader
James Gallagher (R)
since February 8, 2022
Structure
Seats80
California State Assembly 2019-20 diagram.svg
Political groups
Majority
   Democratic (62)

Minority

   Republican (18)
Length of term
2 years
AuthorityArticle 4, California Constitution
Salary$114,877/year + $211 per diem
Elections
Nonpartisan blanket primary
Last election
November 8, 2022
Next election
November 5, 2024
Redistricting California Citizens Redistricting Commission
Motto
Legislatorum est justas leges condere
("It is the duty of legislators to enact just laws.")
Meeting place
California State Assembly room p1080879.jpg
State Assembly Chamber
California State Capitol
Sacramento, California
Website
California State Assembly

The California State Assembly is the lower house of the California State Legislature, the upper house being the California State Senate. The Assembly convenes, along with the State Senate, at the California State Capitol in Sacramento.

Contents

The Assembly consists of 80 members, with each member representing at least 465,000 people. Due to a combination of the state's large population and a legislature that has not been expanded since the ratification of the 1879 Constitution, [1] the Assembly has the largest population-per-representative ratio of any state lower house and second largest of any legislative lower house in the United States after the federal House of Representatives.

Members of the California State Assembly are generally referred to using the titles Assemblyman (for men), Assemblywoman (for women), or Assemblymember (gender-neutral). In the current legislative session, Democrats have a three-fourths supermajority of 62 seats, while Republicans control a minority of 18 seats.

Leadership

The Speaker presides over the State Assembly in the chief leadership position, controlling the flow of legislation and committee assignments. The Speaker is nominated by the caucus of the majority party and elected by the full Assembly. Other leaders, such as the majority and minority leaders, are elected by their respective party caucuses according to each party's strength in the chamber.

The current Speaker is Democrat Robert Rivas (29th– Hollister). The Majority Leader is Democrat Cecilia Aguiar-Curry (4thWinters), while the minority leader is Republican James Gallagher (3rdYuba City). [2]

Terms of office

Members are allowed, by current term limits, to serve 12 years in the legislature in any combination of four-year State Senate or two-year State Assembly terms. However, members elected to the Legislature prior to 2012 are restricted to three two-year terms (six years), few if any legislators remain from this era, though it could affect future candidates running after a hiatus from office.

Every two years, all 80 seats in the Assembly are subject to election. This is in contrast to the State Senate, in which only half of its 40 seats are subject to election every two years.

Meeting chamber

The chamber's green tones are based on the House of Commons of the United Kingdom. The dais rests along a wall shaped like an "E", with its central projection housing the rostrum. Along the cornice appears a portrait of Abraham Lincoln and a Latin quotation: legislatorum est justas leges condere ("It is the duty of legislators to pass just laws"). Almost every decorating element is identical to the Senate Chamber.

Candidate qualifications

To run for the Assembly, a candidate must be a United States citizen and a registered voter in the district at the time nomination papers are issued, and meet the criteria of the term limits described above. According to Article 4, Section 2(c) of the California Constitution, the candidate must have one year of residency in the legislative district and California residency for three years. [3]

Employees

The chief clerk of the Assembly, a position that has existed since the Assembly's creation, is responsible for many administrative duties. The chief clerk is the custodian of all Assembly bills and records and publishes the Assembly Daily Journal, the minutes of floor sessions, as well as the Assembly Daily File, the Assembly agenda. The chief clerk is the Assembly's parliamentarian, and in this capacity gives advice to the presiding officer on matters of parliamentary procedure. The chief clerk is also responsible for engrossing and enrolling of measures, and the transmission of legislation to the governor. [4]

The Assembly also employs the position of chaplain, a position that has existed in both houses since the first legislative session back in 1850. Currently, the chaplain of the Assembly is Imam Mohammad Yasir Khan, the first chaplain historically that practices Islam.

The position of sergeant-at-arms of the Assembly has existed since 1849; Samuel N. Houston was the first to hold this post, overseeing one deputy. The sergeant-at-arms is mostly tasked with law enforcement duties, but customarily also has a ceremonial and protocol role. Today, some fifty employees are part of the Assembly Sergeant-at-Arms Office. [5]

Current session

Composition

6218
DemocraticRepublican
AffiliationParty
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Total
Democratic Republican Independent Vacant
End of previous legislature60191800
Begin62180800
Latest voting share

Past composition of the Assembly

Officers

PositionNamePartyDistrict
Speaker Robert Rivas Democratic 29th– Hollister
Speaker pro Tempore Jim Wood Democratic 2nd– Healsburg
Assistant Speaker pro Tempore Stephanie Nguyen Democratic 10th– Elk Grove
Majority Leader Cecilia Aguiar-Curry Democratic 4thWinters
Assistant Majority Leader Miguel Santiago Democratic 54th– Los Angeles
Assistant Majority Leader for
Policy and Research
Dawn Addis Democratic 30thMorro Bay
Majority Whip Matt Haney Democratic 17thSan Francisco
Assistant Majority Whips Eloise Gomez Reyes Democratic 50thColton
Josh Lowenthal Democratic 69th–Long Beach
Democratic Caucus Chair Rick Chavez Zbur Democratic 51st–Los Angeles
Republican Leader James Gallagher Republican 3rd–Yuba City
Republican Floor Leader Heath Flora Republican 9th–Ripon
Republican Chief Whip Laurie Davies Republican 74th–Laguna Niguel
Republican Caucus Chair Tom Lackey Republican 34th–Palmdale
Chief Clerk Sue Parker
Chief Sergeant-at-Arms Alisa Buckley
Chaplain Imam Mohammad Yasir Khan (Al Misbaah)

The Chief Clerk, the Chief Sergeant-at-Arms, and the Chaplains are not members of the Legislature.

Members

DistrictNamePartyResidenceFirst electedTerm limitedNotes
1 Megan Dahle Republican Bieber 20192030
2 Jim Wood Democratic Healdsburg 20142026
3 James Gallagher Republican Yuba City 20142026Minority Leader since February 8, 2022
4 Cecilia Aguiar-Curry Democratic Winters 20162028Majority Leader since November 22, 2023
5 Joe Patterson Republican Rocklin 20222034
6 Kevin McCarty Democratic Sacramento 20142026
7 Josh Hoover Republican Folsom 20222034
8 Jim Patterson Republican Fresno 20122024
9 Heath Flora Republican Ripon 20162028
10 Stephanie Nguyen Democratic Elk Grove 20222034
11 Lori Wilson Democratic Suisun City 20222034
12 Damon Connolly Democratic San Rafael 20222034
13 Carlos Villapudua Democratic Stockton 20202032
14 Buffy Wicks Democratic Oakland 20182030
15 Tim Grayson Democratic Concord 20162028
16 Rebecca Bauer-Kahan Democratic Orinda 20182030
17 Matt Haney Democratic San Francisco 20222034
18 Mia Bonta Democratic Alameda 20212032
19 Phil Ting Democratic San Francisco 20122024
20 Liz Ortega Democratic San Leandro 20222034
21 Diane Papan Democratic San Mateo 20222034
22 Juan Alanis Republican Modesto 20222034
23 Marc Berman Democratic Menlo Park 20162028
24 Alex Lee Democratic San Jose 20202032
25 Ash Kalra Democratic San Jose 20162028
26 Evan Low Democratic Sunnyvale 20142026
27 Esmeralda Soria Democratic Fresno 20222034
28 Gail Pellerin Democratic Santa Cruz 20222034
29 Robert Rivas Democratic Hollister 20182030Speaker
30 Dawn Addis Democratic Morro Bay 20222034
31 Joaquin Arambula Democratic Fresno 20162028
32 Vince Fong Republican Bakersfield 20162028
33 Devon Mathis Republican Porterville 20142026
34 Tom Lackey Republican Palmdale 20142026
35 Jasmeet Bains Democratic Bakersfield 20222034
36 Eduardo Garcia Democratic Coachella 20142026
37 Gregg Hart Democratic Santa Barbara 20222034
38 Steve Bennett Democratic Ventura 20202032
39 Juan Carrillo Democratic Palmdale 20222034
40 Pilar Schiavo Democratic Chatsworth 20222034
41 Chris Holden Democratic Pasadena 20122024
42 Jacqui Irwin Democratic Thousand Oaks 20142026
43 Luz Rivas Democratic North Hollywood 20182030
44 Laura Friedman Democratic Glendale 20162028
45 James Ramos Democratic Highland 20182030
46 Jesse Gabriel Democratic Encino 20182030
47 Greg Wallis Republican Bermuda Dunes 20222034
48 Blanca Rubio Democratic Baldwin Park 20162028
49 Mike Fong Democratic Alhambra 20222034
50 Eloise Reyes Democratic Colton 20162028Majority Leader from December 1, 2020, to July 3, 2023
51 Rick Zbur Democratic Los Angeles 20222034
52 Wendy Carrillo Democratic Los Angeles 20172030
53 Freddie Rodriguez Democratic Pomona 20132024
54 Miguel Santiago Democratic Boyle Heights 20142026
55 Isaac Bryan Democratic Jefferson Park 20212032Majority Leader from July 3, 2023 to November 22, 2023
56 Lisa Calderon Democratic Whittier 20202032
57 Reggie Jones-Sawyer Democratic Los Angeles 20122024
58 Sabrina Cervantes Democratic Riverside 20162028
59 Phillip Chen Republican Yorba Linda 20162028
60 Corey Jackson Democratic Perris 20222034
61 Tina McKinnor Democratic Hawthorne 20222034
62 Anthony Rendon Democratic Lakewood 20122024Speaker from March 7, 2016 to June 30, 2023
63 Bill Essayli Republican Corona 20222034
64 Blanca Pacheco Democratic Downey 20222034
65 Mike Gipson Democratic Carson 20142026
66 Al Muratsuchi Democratic Rolling Hills Estates 20162026Previously served from 2012 to 2014.
67 Sharon Quirk-Silva Democratic Fullerton 20162026Previously served from 2012 to 2014.
68 Avelino Valencia Democratic Anaheim 20222034
69 Josh Lowenthal Democratic Long Beach 20222034
70 Tri Ta Republican Westminster 20222034
71 Kate Sanchez Republican Trabuco Canyon 20222034
72 Diane Dixon Republican Newport Beach 20222034
73 Cottie Petrie-Norris Democratic Irvine 20182030
74 Laurie Davies Republican Laguna Niguel 20202032
75 Marie Waldron Republican Valley Center 20122024Minority Leader from November 8, 2018, to February 8, 2022
76 Brian Maienschein Democratic San Diego 20122024Changed party affiliation on January 24, 2019 [6] [7]
77 Tasha Boerner Democratic Encinitas 20182030Changed her surname back to Boerner after divorcing her husband in 2023. [8]
78 Chris Ward Democratic San Diego 20202032
79 Akilah Weber Democratic La Mesa 20212032
80 David Alvarez Democratic San Diego 20222034

Seating chart

Speaker
R. Rivas
Sanchez Chen Davies Lackey Ta Gallagher Bryan Ortega Calderon Holden Petrie-Norris Irwin
Joe Patterson V. Fong Jim Patterson Dixon Essayli Flora Zbur Gipson Nguyen Lee Muratsuchi Jackson
Alanis Dahle Hoover Mathis Wilson Grayson Ting Connolly Lowenthal Low McCarty Schiavo
Wallis Waldron Bennett Hart Bauer-Kahan Quirk-Silva Friedman Pellerin M. Fong Bains Santiago Wicks
Ward Maienschein McKinnor Jones-Sawyer Bonta Kalra Rubio Wood Villapudua J. Carrillo Arambula Rodriguez
W. Carrillo Pacheco Addis Boerner Papan L. Rivas Reyes Weber Cervantes Rendon Ramos Valencia
Berman Gabriel Haney Aguiar-Curry R. Rivas Soria Alvarez Garcia

Standing Committees

Current committees, chairs and vice chairs include: [9]

CommitteeChairVice Chair
Accountability and Administrative Review Cottie Petrie-Norris (D) Diane Dixon (R)
Aging and Long-Term Care Jasmeet Bains (D) Tri Ta (R)
Agriculture Esmeralda Soria (D) Devon Mathis (R)
Appropriations Chris Holden (D) Megan Dahle (R)
Arts, Entertainment, Sports, Tourism, & Internet Media Sharon Quirk-Silva (D) Greg Wallis (R)
Banking and Finance Tim Grayson (D) Phillip Chen (R)
Budget Phil Ting (D) Vince Fong (R)
Business and Professions Marc Berman (D) Heath Flora (R)
Communications and Conveyance Tasha Boerner (D) Jim Patterson (R)
Education Al Muratsuchi (D) Megan Dahle (R)
Elections Gail Pellerin (D) Tom Lackey (R)
Emergency Management Freddie Rodriguez (D) Marie Waldron (R)
Environmental Safety and Toxic Materials Alex Lee (D) Josh Hoover (R)
Governmental Organization Miguel Santiago (D) Tom Lackey (R)
Health Jim Wood (D) Marie Waldron (R)
Higher Education Mike Fong (D) Tri Ta (R)
Housing and Community Development Buffy Wicks (D) Joe Patterson (R)
Human Services Corey Jackson (D) Kate Sanchez (R)
Insurance Lisa Calderon (D) Bill Essayli (R)
Jobs, Economic Development, and the Economy Carlos Villapudua (D) Josh Hoover (R)
Judiciary Brian Maienschein (D) Bill Essayli (R)
Labor and Employment Ash Kalra (D) Heath Flora (R)
Local Government Juan Carrillo (D) Diane Dixon (R)
Military and Veterans Affairs Pilar Schiavo (D) Laurie Davies (R)
Natural Resources Luz Rivas (D) Heath Flora (R)
Privacy and Consumer Protection Jesse Gabriel (D) Joe Patterson (R)
Public Employment and Retirement Tina McKinnor (D) Tom Lackey (R)
Public Safety Reggie Jones-Sawyer (D) Juan Alanis (R)
Revenue and Taxation Jacqui Irwin (D) Greg Wallis (R)
Rules James Ramos (D) Marie Waldron (R)
Transportation Laura Friedman (D) Vince Fong (R)
Utilities and Energy Eduardo Garcia (D) Jim Patterson (R)
Water, Parks, and Wildlife Rebecca Bauer-Kahan (D) Devon Mathis (R)

Recent sessions

See also

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References

  1. "California Constitution of 1879, prior to any amendments" (PDF). California State Polytechnic University, Pomona. Retrieved August 11, 2021.
  2. "Officers of the California State Assembly | Assembly Internet". assembly.ca.gov. Retrieved February 8, 2022.
  3. "California Constitution Article IV § 2". California Office of Legislative Counsel . Retrieved February 23, 2019.
  4. About Us, Office of the Chief Clerk, California State Assembly.
  5. History Archived June 16, 2018, at the Wayback Machine , Sergeant-at-Arms Office, California State Assembly.
  6. "California Republican Party gets even smaller: A GOP lawmaker defects to the Democrats". The Sacramento Bee . January 24, 2019.
  7. "Assemblyman Brian Maienschein Switches Parties, From Republican to Democrat". KNSD (NBC San Diego). January 24, 2019.
  8. "Assemblymember Tasha Boerner Representing the 77th California Assembly District". a77.asmdc.org. Retrieved May 30, 2023.
  9. "Committees". January 6, 2022. Retrieved January 6, 2022.

38°34′35″N121°29′36″W / 38.57639°N 121.49333°W / 38.57639; -121.49333