Yuba City, California

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Yuba City
City of Yuba City
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Yuba City, from the air
Sutter County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Yuba City Highlighted.svg
Location in Sutter County and the state of California
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Yuba City
Location in the United States
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Yuba City
Yuba City (California)
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Yuba City
Yuba City (the United States)
Coordinates: 39°8′5″N121°37′34″W / 39.13472°N 121.62611°W / 39.13472; -121.62611 Coordinates: 39°8′5″N121°37′34″W / 39.13472°N 121.62611°W / 39.13472; -121.62611
Country United States
State California
County Sutter
Incorporated January 23, 1908 [1]
Government
  Type Council-Manager
   Mayor Preet Didbal [2]
Area
[3]
  Total14.98 sq mi (38.79 km2)
  Land14.90 sq mi (38.59 km2)
  Water0.08 sq mi (0.20 km2)  0.53%
Elevation
[4]
59 ft (18 m)
Population
 (2010) [5]
  Total64,925
  Estimate 
(2019) [6]
67,010
  Density4,497.32/sq mi (1,736.39/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
95991–95993 [7]
Area code 530
FIPS code 06-86972
GNIS feature ID 1660222
Website www.yubacity.net

Yuba City (Maidu: Yubu) [8] [9] is a city in Northern California and the county seat of Sutter County, California, United States. The population was 64,925 at the 2010 census. Yuba City is the principal city of the Yuba City Metropolitan Statistical Area which encompasses all of Sutter County and Yuba County. The metro area's population is 164,138. [10] [11] It is the 21st largest metropolitan area in California ranked behind Redding and Chico. Its metropolitan statistical area is part of the Greater Sacramento CSA.

Contents

History

Early history

The Maidu people were settled in the region when they were first encountered by Spanish and Mexican scouting expeditions in the early 18th century. One version of the origin of the name "Yuba" is that during one of these expeditions, wild grapes were seen growing by a river, and so it was named "Uba", a variant spelling of the Spanish word uva (grape).

The Mexican government granted a large expanse of land, which included the area in which Yuba City is situated, to John Sutter—the same John Sutter upon whose land gold was subsequently discovered in 1848. He sold part of this tract to some enterprising men who wished to establish a town near the confluence of the Yuba River and the Feather River, tributaries of the Sacramento River, with an eye to developing a commercial center catering to the thousands of gold miners headed upstream to the gold fields. At the same time, another town was developing on the eastern bank of the Feather River, the beginnings of what later would become Marysville.

By 1852, Yuba City was a steamboat landing, had one hotel, a grocery store, a post office, and approximately 20 dwelling homes with a population of about 150.

Yuba City was chosen as county seat for Sutter County in 1854. The same year, however, voters decided that Nicolaus would be a better location, and the county seat was moved there. County voters returned to their first choice of Yuba City two years later, in 1856, and it has remained the county seat since. [12]

Yuba City saw its first major influx of population after World War II, pushing residential areas west and south from the city's original center. Orchards were turned into residential areas as new homes were built for people migrating to the city. [13]

Flood of 1955

In December 1955, a series of storms dropped torrential rain throughout northern California. The deluge caused all the rivers in the region to overflow their banks and to break through levees. The Christmas Eve levee break at Yuba City was particularly disastrous, with 38 people losing their lives, [12] and heavy damage occurring in the downtown section. According to Dick Brandt, manager of the Yuba County airport in 1955, between 550 and 600 Sutter County residents were rescued from the floodwater by helicopter. [14]

B-52 airplane crash

On March 14, 1961, a Boeing B-52 Stratofortress carrying nuclear weapons, flying near Yuba City encountered a pressurization problem, and had to drop to a lower altitude. Because of this, more fuel than expected was used, and the aircraft ran out of fuel. It crashed before meeting with a tanker aircraft. The pilot gave the bailout command, and the crew egressed at 10,000 ft, except for the pilot, who ejected at 4,000 ft, while avoiding a populated area. The aircraft was destroyed. The weapons, two Mark 39 (3.8 megatons each) thermonuclear bombs (identified from declassified Department of Energy films and photographs) were destroyed on impact though no explosion took place, and there was no release of radioactive material as a result. [15] [ self-published source? ]

1976 school bus crash

On May 21, 1976, a school bus carrying members of the Yuba City High School's choir to a performance at Miramonte High School in Orinda, California plunged 28 feet off the exit ramp on I-680 at Marina Vista Road in Martinez, California. Twenty-seven students and one adult chaperone died and twenty-three students were seriously injured. [16]

1978 missing person case

On February 24, 1978, five young men from Yuba City, called Gary Dale Mathias, Jack Madruga, Jackie Huett, Theodore (Ted) Weiher and William Sterling, aged between 24 and 32 years, disappeared under mysterious circumstances. They went to a basketball game in Chico and on their way back drove up to a mountain road away from the main road back to Yuba, where their car had been found later, undamaged and with enough gas to drive back to Yuba City.

Four of the men were later found in and near a trailer on June 4 of the same year. Ted Weiher was found inside the trailer, starved, covered in blankets. Inside the trailer there was enough food to supply all five men for about a year, and enough paper and wood to light a fire, but nothing was used this way. The corpses and bones of three of the other men were found outside the trailer, but Gary Mathias was never found. [17] [18]

1994 mosque burning

Yuba City has been home to a significant Muslim population, including Pakistani Americans descended from c. 1902 immigrants. In 1994 the Muslim community completed a mosque that cost an estimated $1.8 million and many hours of donated work. Soon after, the mosque was destroyed by an act of arson, the first time that a mosque was destroyed in the United States. Eventually the mosque was rebuilt with help of Sikhs, Mormons, Christians, and other groups. The story is told in the 2012 documentary An American Mosque .

Geography

Sutter Buttes seen from Yuba City Sutter Mountains.JPG
Sutter Buttes seen from Yuba City

Yuba City is located at 39°8'5" North, 121°37'34" West (39.134792, −121.626201). [19]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 14.7 square miles (38 km2), of which, 14.6 square miles (38 km2) of it is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it is water. The total area is 0.53% water.

The Yuba City area is located 40 miles north of Sacramento and situated in the Sacramento Valley. It is home to the Sutter Buttes, the smallest mountain range in the world. [20] The Feather River borders the city to the east and the area is sometimes referred to as the "Feather River Valley", which divides the city from its neighbor Marysville.

Climate

Yuba City has a hot-summer mediterranean climate (Csa according to the Köppen climate classification system) which consists of cool, wet winters and hot, dry summers. On average, January is the coolest and wettest month, and July is the hottest and driest. During the wet season from mid-October to mid-April, Yuba City sees frequent rain and is usually under the tule fog. Snow is rare in the valley, but cold waves from the north may bring some light snow and ice. Spring is wet in the beginning but becomes drier and warmer as summer months approach. May has some rain, but usually from thunderstorms, not winter storms. Rain is rare from June to September. The Delta Breeze, which comes from the Bay Area on summer nights, helps cool temperatures and adds humidity. At times the Delta Breeze is strong enough to bring coastal fog inland to the Sacramento Valley. Autumn starts out warm but becomes cooler, wetter, and foggier as the season progresses.

Climate data for Yuba City, California. (Elevation 60ft)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)75
(24)
82
(28)
90
(32)
97
(36)
106
(41)
113
(45)
111
(44)
111
(44)
113
(45)
104
(40)
90
(32)
79
(26)
113
(45)
Average high °F (°C)55
(13)
61
(16)
63
(17)
70
(21)
82
(28)
91
(33)
95
(35)
93
(34)
88
(31)
75
(24)
61
(16)
54
(12)
73
(23)
Average low °F (°C)37
(3)
43
(6)
45
(7)
48
(9)
54
(12)
59
(15)
61
(16)
59
(15)
55
(13)
48
(9)
41
(5)
37
(3)
48
(9)
Record low °F (°C)19
(−7)
23
(−5)
27
(−3)
32
(0)
37
(3)
45
(7)
45
(7)
46
(8)
43
(6)
32
(0)
27
(−3)
18
(−8)
18
(−8)
Average precipitation inches (mm)4.54
(115.2)
4.13
(104.8)
3.85
(97.9)
1.70
(43.3)
0.84
(21.3)
0.29
(7.4)
0.07
(1.8)
0.08
(2.0)
0.64
(16.2)
1.43
(36.2)
3.00
(76.1)
3.67
(93.3)
24.23
(615.5)
Source: weather.com

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 562
1910 1,160
1920 1,70847.2%
1930 3,605111.1%
1940 4,96837.8%
1950 7,86158.2%
1960 11,50746.4%
1970 13,98621.5%
1980 18,73634.0%
1990 27,43746.4%
2000 36,75834.0%
2010 64,92576.6%
2019 (est.)67,010 [6] 3.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [21]

2010

The 2010 United States Census [22] reported that Yuba City had a population of 64,925. The population density was 4,429.9 people per square mile (1,710.4/km2). The racial makeup of Yuba City was 37,382 (57.6%) White, 1,591 (2.5%) African American, 909 (1.4%) Native American, 11,190 (17.2%) Asian, 228 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 9,772 (15.1%) from other races, and 3,853 (5.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18,413 persons (28.4%).

The Census reported that 64,345 people (99.1% of the population) lived in households, 125 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 455 (0.7%) were institutionalized.

There were 21,550 households, out of which 9,012 (41.8%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 11,277 (52.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,969 (13.8%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,412 (6.6%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,436 (6.7%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 118 (0.5%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 4,753 households (22.1%) were made up of individuals, and 1,960 (9.1%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.99. There were 15,658 families (72.7% of all households); the average family size was 3.49.

The population was spread out, with 18,314 people (28.2%) under the age of 18, 6,630 people (10.2%) aged 18 to 24, 17,575 people (27.1%) aged 25 to 44, 14,810 people (22.8%) aged 45 to 64, and 7,596 people (11.7%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33.0 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.3 males.

There were 23,174 housing units at an average density of 1,581.2 per square mile (610.5/km2), of which 12,266 (56.9%) were owner-occupied, and 9,284 (43.1%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.3%; the rental vacancy rate was 7.1%. 36,525 people (56.3% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 27,820 people (42.8%) lived in rental housing units.

Yuba City also has a large population of Punjabi Mexican Americans.

2000

As of the census [23] of 2000, there were 36,758 people (60,507 as of January 1, 2006), 13,290 households, and 8,944 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,924.4 people per square mile (1,514.7/km2). There were 13,912 housing units at an average density of 1,485.3 per square mile (573.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 67.0% White, 2.8% African American, 1.7% Native American, 6.4% Asian American, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 14.4% from other races, and 2.4% from two or more races. [24] 12.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. The European population in Yuba City was 0.5% Romanian, 0.3% Italian, and 1.6% German[ citation needed ].

There were 13,290 households, out of which 36.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.6% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.7% were "non-families." 26.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 9.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.28.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 29.0% under the age of 18, 10.7% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 12.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $32,858, and the median income for a family was $39,381. Males had a median income of $34,303 versus $23,410 for females. The per capita income for the city was $15,928. 18.1% of the population and 14.5% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 24.8% of those under the age of 18 and 9.5% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Transportation

Bus service in Yuba City is provided by Yuba Sutter Transit.

The city is served by two highways. California State Route 20 is the major east–west route, running to Marysville to the east, and Williams to the west. California State Route 99 travels south toward Sacramento, and north to Chico.

Business and economy

Sunsweet Growers Inc. headquarters

Yuba City is home to the largest dried fruit processing plant in the world, [25] Sunsweet Growers Incorporated. In 1988 Yuba City was home to the California Prune Festival. In 2001 the name was changed to the California Dried Plum Festival and in early 2003 directors announced the end of the festival's 15-year run in the Yuba–Sutter area. This was primarily due to rise in costs, difficulty in securing sponsors, and competition from other festivals.

Other employers

Being a small town, retail and healthcare make up the largest sectors of the economy. [26] Some other notable employers include the Geweke Auto Group, Hilbers Incorporated, SharpeSoft, Jaeger Construction, Ardent Mills (formerly Andean Naturals) and Nordic Industries, Inc. Farming is also the most important part of the Yuba–Sutter area.

Top employers

According to the city's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [27] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1Fremont-Rideout Health Group1,855
2Yuba City Unified School District1,377
3 Sutter County 857
4 Sunsweet Growers 710
5 Walmart 550
6 Sutter North Medical Group 450
7City of Yuba City297
8 Sam's Club 240
9 Target 200
10 Raley's/Bel Air 180

Arts and culture

Annual events

Sikh Parade

Yuba City is known for its sizeable Sikh community. [28] [29] The Sikh population in the Yuba–Sutter area has grown to be one of the largest in the United States and one of the largest Sikh populations outside of the Punjab state of India. Each year on the first Sunday of November, Sikhs from the United States, Canada, India, the United Kingdom and throughout the world attend the Sikh parade in Yuba City, which commemorates the receipt by Sikhs of their Holy scripture, the Guru Granth Sahib, in 1708. The 4.5-mile-long parade features floats and a procession of parade participants. The 2005 parade drew an estimated 56,000 people while the 2007 parade was estimated to draw between 75,000 and 85,000 people of both Sikh and non-Sikh background. In 2008, an estimated 80,000 people came out for the event which is now considered one of the largest gatherings in Northern California. [30] In 2012, the parade participants rose to an estimated number of 150,000 people.

California Swan Festival

Yuba City participated in the California Swan Festival, which had been held from 2013 to 2016, November 13–15, with the events centered in adjacent Marysville’s Caltrans Building. [31] [32] [33] [34] [35] [36]

Museums and other points of interest

Government

In the California State Legislature, Yuba City is in the 4th Senate District , represented by Republican Jim Nielsen, and in the 3rd Assembly District , represented by Republican James Gallagher. [37]

In the United States House of Representatives, Yuba City is in California's 3rd congressional district , represented by Democrat John Garamendi. [38]

Yuba City also elected the first Sikh American Mayor in the United States, Kash Gill, [39] and Preet Didbal, the first Sikh American woman Mayor in the United States. [40]

Parks

Community parks:

Neighborhood parks:

Passive parks:

Other recreational facilities:

Education

Yuba City High School class of 1988 sign 2009.jpg

Public schools are part of the Yuba City Unified School District. [41] The three high schools in the district are Yuba City High School, River Valley High School, and Albert Powell Continuation High School. Faith Christian High School and Adventist Christian School (http://www.acselementary.org) are private christian schools located in Yuba City. The Yuba City Charter School is K-12. Twin Rivers Charter is a K-8. St. Isidore Catholic School is a PK-8 parochial school under the auspices of St. Isidore Catholic Church.

Yuba City is in the Yuba Community College District and is served by Yuba Community College in neighboring Marysville.

Media

The main newspaper for Yuba City area is the Appeal-Democrat . The newspaper is printed in Marysville, but serves the entire Yuba–Sutter area. The Sacramento Bee is also widely sold and read in Yuba City.

Although KKCY 103.1, KUBA 1600 AM and 98.1 FM, KETQ-LP 93Q, KKCY-HD2 95.5, KCYC-LP, KOBO, and KRYC-LP are the only radio stations within the city, there is a wide variety of others broadcasting nearby.

Notable people

Sister cities

See also

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