Sutter County, California

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Sutter County, California
County of Sutter
Sutter Buttes.jpg
Live Oak on CA 99.jpeg
Downtown Yuba City.jpg
Images, from top down, left to right: Sutter Buttes terrain, Live Oak Blvd near Pennington Road in the City of Live Oak, downtown of Yuba City
Seal of Sutter County, California.png
Sutter County, California
Interactive map of Sutter County
Map of California highlighting Sutter County.svg
Location in the state of California
Country United States
State California
Region Sacramento Valley
Metro area Sacramento metropolitan area
Incorporated February 18, 1850 [1]
Named for John Augustus Sutter
County seat Yuba City
Largest cityYuba City
Government
  Type Council–CAO
  BodyBoard of Supervisors
  ChairMike Ziegenmeyer
  Vice ChairKarm Bains
  Board of Supervisors [2]
Supervisors
  • Nicholas Micheli
  • Dan Flores
  • Mike Ziegenmeyer
  • Karm Bains
  • Mat Conant
  County AdministratorSteve Smith
Area
  Total608 sq mi (1,570 km2)
  Land602 sq mi (1,560 km2)
  Water6.1 sq mi (16 km2)
Population
  Total99,633
  Density160/sq mi (63/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (Pacific Time Zone)
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
Website www.co.sutter.ca.us

Sutter County is a county located in the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 99,633. [3] The county seat is Yuba City. [4] Sutter County is included in the Yuba City, CA Metropolitan Statistical Area as well as the Sacramento-Roseville, CA Combined Statistical Area. The county is located along the Sacramento River in the Sacramento Valley.

Contents

History

The Maidu were the people living in the area of Sutter County when European settlers arrived. [5]

Sutter County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the county were given to Placer County in 1852.

Sutter County is named after John Augustus Sutter, a German native born to Swiss parents. He was one of the first Europeans to recognize the Sacramento Valley for its potential in agriculture. His Hock Farm, established in 1841 on the Feather River just south of present-day Yuba City, was the site of the first major farm in the Central Valley, and used extensive slave labor from Natives in order to function. [6]

Sutter obtained the Rancho New Helvetia Mexican land grant, and called his first settlement New Helvetia (which included the present day city of Sacramento). In 1850, Sutter retired to Hock Farm when the gold rush led to him losing his holdings in Sacramento.

Sutter County is the birthplace (Yuba City, 1858) of John Joseph Montgomery, who was the first American to successfully pilot a heavier-than-air craft, 20 years before the Wright Brothers, and who held the first patent for an "aeroplane."

In the 1890s, Sutter County was one of the two prohibition counties in California; the other was Riverside County. Both outlawed saloons and sale or consumption of alcohol in public. [7]

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 608 square miles (1,570 km2), of which 602 square miles (1,560 km2) is land and 6.1 square miles (16 km2), comprising 1.0%, is water. [8] It is the fourth-smallest county in California by total area. Some 88 percent of the county is prime farmland and grazing land.

Sutter County is home to the Sutter Buttes, known as the "World's Smallest Mountain Range." This volcanic formation provides relief to the otherwise seemingly flat Sacramento Valley.

Bordered by the Sacramento River on the west and the Feather River on the east, Sutter County has 240 miles (390 km) of levees. The Sutter Bypass, which diverts flood waters from the Sacramento River, cuts through the heart of Sutter County.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Sutter County also has the State Feather River Wildlife Area, consisting of the Nelson Slough, O'Connor Lakes, Abbott Lake, Shanghai Bend, and Morse Road Units in Sutter County. Also, a 1,795-acre (7.26 km2) State Park in the Sutter Buttes. In addition, there are the state public trust lands of the Feather, Bear and Sacramento rivers as well as smaller streams including Butte Creek and Butte Slough.

Transportation

Major highways

Public transportation

Yuba Sutter Transit operates local bus service, as well as commuter runs to Downtown Sacramento.

Airports

Sutter County Airport is a general aviation airport located just south of Yuba City.

Politics

Voter registration statistics

Cities by population and voter registration

Overview

Sutter is a strongly Republican county in presidential and congressional elections. The last Democrat to win the county was Franklin Roosevelt in 1940. It was the only county in the whole state to give a majority to George H. W. Bush in 1992.

United States presidential election results for Sutter County, California [11]
Year Republican Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 24,37557.16%17,36740.73%9022.12%
2016 18,17653.74%13,07638.66%2,5727.60%
2012 18,12258.30%12,19239.22%7692.47%
2008 18,91157.27%13,41240.62%6982.11%
2004 20,25467.19%9,60231.85%2890.96%
2000 17,35065.31%8,41631.68%7983.00%
1996 14,26457.64%8,50434.37%1,9777.99%
1992 12,95650.10%7,88330.48%5,02119.42%
1988 14,10067.47%6,55731.38%2411.15%
1984 14,47771.23%5,53527.24%3111.53%
1980 11,77863.47%5,10327.50%1,6769.03%
1976 8,74554.21%6,96643.18%4202.60%
1972 10,22462.45%5,40933.04%7394.51%
1968 8,66559.57%4,62431.79%1,2568.64%
1964 7,24151.56%6,78748.33%160.11%
1960 7,52062.91%4,37936.63%550.46%
1956 6,32762.79%3,67336.45%770.76%
1952 7,05367.31%3,38232.27%440.42%
1948 3,91352.47%3,36245.08%1832.45%
1944 3,11149.99%3,08349.54%290.47%
1940 3,08942.06%4,19557.11%610.83%
1936 1,61328.11%4,01970.04%1061.85%
1932 1,39225.74%3,80770.41%2083.85%
1928 2,23953.98%1,87545.20%340.82%
1924 1,61749.92%36711.33%1,25538.75%
1920 1,86270.32%63624.02%1505.66%
1916 1,21142.00%1,54353.52%1294.47%
1912 50.24%1,06351.65%99048.10%
1908 89654.94%65239.98%835.09%
1904 87260.81%48834.03%745.16%
1900 81954.93%64243.06%302.01%
1896 79651.89%71346.48%251.63%
1892 74547.27%73546.64%966.09%


In the United States House of Representatives, Sutter County is in California's 3rd congressional district , represented by Democrat John Garamendi. [12]

In the California State Legislature, the county is in the 4th Senate District , represented by Republican Jim Nielsen, [13] and the 3rd Assembly District , represented by Republican James Gallagher.

On November 4, 2008, Sutter County voted 70.7% for Proposition 8 which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages.[ citation needed ]

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 3,444
1860 3,390−1.6%
1870 5,03048.4%
1880 5,1592.6%
1890 5,4696.0%
1900 5,8867.6%
1910 6,3287.5%
1920 10,11559.8%
1930 14,61844.5%
1940 18,68027.8%
1950 26,23940.5%
1960 33,38027.2%
1970 41,93525.6%
1980 52,24624.6%
1990 64,41523.3%
2000 78,93022.5%
2010 94,73720.0%
2020 99,6335.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [15]
1790-1960 [16] 1900-1990 [17]
1990-2000 [18] 2010 [19] 2020 [20]

2020 census

Sutter County, California - Demographic Profile
(NH = Non-Hispanic)
Race / EthnicityPop 2010 [19] Pop 2020 [20] % 2010% 2020
White alone (NH)47,78241,36650.44%41.52%
Black or African American alone (NH)1,7131,7741.81%1.78%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH)9258620.98%0.87%
Asian alone (NH)13,44218,01414.19%18.08%
Pacific Islander alone (NH)2562790.27%0.28%
Some Other Race alone (NH)1906110.20%0.61%
Mixed Race/Multi-Racial (NH)3,1785,1593.35%5.18%
Hispanic or Latino (any race)28,25131,56828.76%31.68%
Total94,73799,633100.00%100.00%

Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos can be of any race.

2011

Places by population, race, and income

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Sutter County had a population of 94,737. The racial makeup of Sutter County was 57,749 (61.0%) White, 1,919 (2.0%) African American, 1,365 (1.4%) Native American, 13,663 (14.4%) Asian, 281 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 14,463 (15.3%) from other races, and 5,297 (5.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 27,251 persons (28.8%). [27]

2000

As of the census [28] of 2000, there were 78,930 people, 27,033 households, and 19,950 families residing in the county. The population density was 131 inhabitants per square mile (51/km2). There were 28,319 housing units at an average density of 47 per square mile (18/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 67.5% White, 1.9% Black or African American, 1.6% Native American, 11.3% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 13.0% from other races, and 4.6% from two or more races. 22.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 10.3% were of German, 9.0% American, 7.1% English and 6.1% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000. 70.3% spoke English, 17.9% Spanish and 9.3% Punjabi as their first language.

There were 27,033 households, out of which 37.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 57.0% were married couples living together, 11.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.2% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.87 and the average family size was 3.35.

In the county, the population was spread out, with 29.0% under the age of 18, 9.2% from 18 to 24, 28.2% from 25 to 44, 21.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,375, and the median income for a family was $44,330. Males had a median income of $35,723 versus $25,778 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,428. About 12.1% of families and 15.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.3% of those under age 18 and 7.7% of those age 65 or over.

Media

Sutter County is in the Sacramento television market, and thus receives Sacramento media.

MySYtv.com provides television coverage of local events in the area.

Communities

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated communities

Proposed town

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Sutter County. [29]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Municipal typePopulation (2010 Census)
1 Yuba City City64,925
2 Live Oak City8,392
3 Sutter CDP2,904
4 Meridian CDP358
5 Rio Oso CDP356
6 Robbins CDP323
7 Trowbridge CDP226
8 East Nicolaus CDP225
9 Nicolaus CDP211

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.
  2. Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.
  3. Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  4. Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native

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References

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Coordinates: 39°02′N121°41′W / 39.04°N 121.69°W / 39.04; -121.69