Los Angeles County, California

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Los Angeles County
County of Los Angeles
20190616154621!Echo Park Lake with Downtown Los Angeles Skyline.jpg
Venice, California Beach.jpg
Rodeo Drive Beverly Hills.jpg
Santa Catalina NASA EO.jpg
Santa Monica Harbor.jpg
California Poppies1.jpg
Hollywood Sign (Zuschnitt) (cropped).jpg
Images, from top down, left to right: Downtown Los Angeles in June 2019; Venice, Los Angeles during sunset; Rodeo Drive in Beverly Hills; satellite picture of Santa Catalina Island; the Santa Monica Pier; Antelope Valley California Poppy Reserve; and the Hollywood Sign
Flag of Los Angeles County, California.svg
Nickname(s): 
"L.A. County"
Los Angeles County, California
Interactive map of Los Angeles County
Map of California highlighting Los Angeles County.svg
Location in the state of California
Coordinates: 34°3′N118°15′W / 34.050°N 118.250°W / 34.050; -118.250 Coordinates: 34°3′N118°15′W / 34.050°N 118.250°W / 34.050; -118.250
CountryFlag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of California.svg  California
Region Southern California
Metro area Greater Los Angeles
FormedFebruary 18, 1850 [1]
County seat Los Angeles
Largest cityLos Angeles
Incorporated cities88
Government
  Type Council–manager
  Body Board of Supervisors
   Board of Supervisors [2]
   Chief executive officer Fesia Davenport
Area
  Total4,751 sq mi (12,310 km2)
  Land4,058 sq mi (10,510 km2)
  Water693 sq mi (1,790 km2)
Highest elevation
[3]
10,068 ft (3,069 m)
Lowest elevation
[4]
0 ft (0 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total10,014,009
  Density2,100/sq mi (810/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific Time Zone)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
ZIP Codes
90xxx–918xx, 92397, 92821, 92823, 93243, 935xx [5]
Area codes 213/323, 310/424, 442/760, 562, 626, 657/714, 661, 747/818, 840/909
FIPS code06-037
GNIS feature ID 277283
GDP $727 billion [6] · 1st
Website lacounty.gov

Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, [7] and sometimes abbreviated as L.A. County, is the most populous county in the United States and in the U.S. state of California, [8] with more than ten million inhabitants as of the 2020 census. [9] It is the most populous non–state-level government entity in the United States. Its population is greater than that of 40 individual U.S. states. Los Angeles County has the 3rd largest metropolitan area economy in the world, with a nominal GDP of more than $1.0 trillion. At 4,083 square miles (10,570 km2) and with 88 incorporated cities and many unincorporated areas, it is larger than the combined areas of Delaware and Rhode Island. The county is home to more than one-quarter of California residents and is one of the most ethnically diverse counties in the United States. [10] Its county seat, Los Angeles, is also California's most populous city and the second most populous city in the United States, with about four million residents.

Contents

History

Brochure for Los Angeles, c. 1930. LA Today brochure c. 1920.tiff
Brochure for Los Angeles, c. 1930.

Los Angeles County is one of the original counties of California, created at the time of statehood in 1850. [11] The county originally included parts of what are now Kern, San Bernardino, Riverside, Inyo, Tulare, Ventura, and Orange counties. In 1851 and 1852, Los Angeles County stretched from the coast to the state line of Nevada. [12] As the population increased, sections were split off to organize San Bernardino County in 1853, Kern County in 1866, and Orange County in 1889.

Prior to the 1870s, Los Angeles County was divided into townships, many of which were amalgamations of one or more old ranchos. [13] They were:

Geography

Los Angeles and adjacent counties
Los Angeles County before the secession of Orange County in 1889. Los Angeles County Before OC Secession.svg
Los Angeles County before the secession of Orange County in 1889.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has an area of 4,751 square miles (12,310 km2), of which 4,058 square miles (10,510 km2) (85%) is land and 693 square miles (1,790 km2) (15%) is water. [17] Los Angeles County borders 70 miles (110 km) of coast on the Pacific Ocean and encompasses mountain ranges, valleys, forests, islands, lakes, rivers, and desert. The Los Angeles River, Rio Hondo, the San Gabriel River and the Santa Clara River flow in Los Angeles County, while the primary mountain ranges are the Santa Monica Mountains and the San Gabriel Mountains. The western extent of the Mojave Desert begins in the Antelope Valley, in the northeastern part of the county.

Most of the population of Los Angeles County is located in the south and southwest, with major population centers in the Los Angeles Basin, San Fernando Valley and San Gabriel Valley. Other population centers are found in the Santa Clarita Valley, Pomona Valley, Crescenta Valley and Antelope Valley.

The county is divided west-to-east by the San Gabriel Mountains, which are part of the Transverse Ranges of southern California, and are contained mostly within the Angeles National Forest. Most of the county's highest peaks are in the San Gabriel Mountains, including Mount San Antonio 10,068 feet (3,069 m)) at the Los Angeles-San Bernardino county lines, Mount Baden-Powell 9,399 feet (2,865 m), Mount Burnham 8,997 feet (2,742 m) and Mount Wilson 5,710 feet (1,740 m). Several lower mountains are in the northern, western, and southwestern parts of the county, including the San Emigdio Mountains, the southernmost part of Tehachapi Mountains and the Sierra Pelona Mountains.

Los Angeles County includes San Clemente Island and Santa Catalina Island, which are part of the Channel Islands archipelago off the Pacific Coast.

Lakes and reservoirs

Major divisions of the county

National protected areas

Demographics

Los Angeles County had a population of 9,818,605 in the 2010 United States Census. [18] This includes a natural increase since the last census of 583,364 people (i.e., 1,152,564 births minus 569,200 deaths) and a decrease due to net migration of 361,895 people. Immigration resulted in a net increase of 293,433 people, and migration from within the United States resulted in a net decrease of 655,328 people. [19]

The racial makeup of Los Angeles County was 4,936,599 (50%) White, 1,346,865 (13.7%) Asian, 856,874 (9%) African American, 72,828 (0.7%) Native American, 26,094 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 2,140,632 (21.8%) from other races, and 438,713 (4.5%) from two or more races.

Non-Hispanic whites numbered 2,728,321, or 28% of the population. [20] Hispanic or Latino residents of any race numbered 4,687,889 (48%); 36% of Los Angeles County's population was of Mexican ancestry, 3.7% Salvadoran, and 2.2% Guatemalan heritage. [21]

The county has a large population of Asian Americans, being home to the largest numbers of Burmese, Cambodian, Chinese, Filipino, Indian, Indonesian, Korean, Sri Lankan, Taiwanese, and Thai outside their respective countries. [22] The largest Asian groups in Los Angeles County are 4.0% Chinese, 3.3% Filipino, 2.2% Korean, 1.0% Japanese, 0.9% Vietnamese, 0.8% Indian, and 0.3% Cambodian.

Racial and Ethnic Composition since 1960

Racial composition2020 [23] 2010 [24] [25] 2000 [25] 1990 [25] 1980 [25] 1970 [25] 1960 [25]
White 32.5%50.8%48.7%56.8%67.8%85.7%90.3%
 —Non-Hispanic25.6%27.8%31.1%40.8%52.8%--
Black or African American 7.9%8.7%9.7%11.1%12.6%10.8%7.6%
Hispanic or Latino (of any race)48.0%47.7%44.5%37.8%27.6%18.3%-
Asian 15.0%13.7%11.9%10.2%--1.8%
Native American 1.6%0.5%0.8%0.5%--0.1%
Pacific Islander  % % %----
Mixed Race  % % %----
Historical population
CensusPop.
1850 3,530
1860 11,333221.0%
1870 15,30935.1%
1880 33,381118.0%
1890 101,454203.9%
1900 170,29867.9%
1910 504,131196.0%
1920 936,45585.8%
1930 2,208,492135.8%
1940 2,785,64326.1%
1950 4,151,68749.0%
1960 6,038,77145.5%
1970 7,041,98016.6%
1980 7,477,4216.2%
1990 8,863,16418.5%
2000 9,519,3387.4%
2010 9,818,6053.1%
2020 10,014,0092.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [26]
1790–1960 [27] 1900–1990 [28]
1990–2000 [29] 2010–2018 [30] 2020 census [31]

Race and ancestry

Population, race, and income (2011)
Total population [32] 9,787,747
  White [32] 5,126,36752.4%
  Black or African American [32] 844,0488.6%
  American Indian or Alaska Native [32] 49,3290.5%
  Asian [32] 1,347,78213.8%
  Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander [32] 26,3100.3%
  Some other race [32] 2,064,75921.1%
  Two or more races [32] 329,1523.4%
 Hispanic or Latino (of any race) [33] 4,644,32847.5%
Per capita income [34] $27,954
Median household income [35] $56,266
Median family income [36] $62,595

The racial makeup of the county is 48.7% White, [37] 11.0% African American, 0.8% Native American, 10.0% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 23.5% from other races, and 4.9% from two or more races. 44.6% of the population are Hispanic or Latino of any race. The largest European-American ancestry groups are German (6%), Irish (5%), English (4%) and Italian (3%). 45.9% of the population reported speaking only English at home; 37.9% spoke Spanish, 2.22% Tagalog, 2.0% Chinese, 1.9% Korean, 1.87% Armenian, 0.5% Arabic, and 0.2% Hindi. [38]

The county has the largest Native American population of any county in the nation: according to the 2000 census, it has more than 153,550 people of indigenous descent, and most are from Latin America.

As estimated by the Public Policy Institute of California in 2008, Los Angeles County is home to more than one-third of California's undocumented immigrants, who make up more than ten percent of the population. [39]

Los Angeles County is home to the largest Armenian population outside of Armenia. [40]

Los Angeles County contains the largest Iranian population outside of Iran of any other county or county equivalent globally. [41]

2000

Map of Los Angeles County showing population density in 2000 by census tract LACountyPopDensity.png
Map of Los Angeles County showing population density in 2000 by census tract

At the 2000 census, [42] there were 9,519,338 people, 3,133,774 households, and 2,137,233 families in the county. The population density was 2,344 people per square mile (905/km2). There were 3,270,909 housing units at an average density of 806 per square mile (311/km2).

Of the 3,133,774 households 37% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48% were married couples living together, 15% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32% were non-families. 25% of households were one person and 7% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.98 and the average family size was 3.61.

The age distribution was 28% under the age of 18, 10% from 18 to 24, 33% from 25 to 44, 19% from 45 to 64, and 10% 65 or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.

Income

Percent of households with incomes above $150k across LA County census tracts. Distribution of high income households across LA County.png
Percent of households with incomes above $150k across LA County census tracts.

The median personal earnings for all workers 16 and older in Los Angeles County are $30,654, slightly below the US median; earnings, however vary widely by neighborhood, race and ethnicity, and gender. [43] The median household income was $42,189 and the median family income was $46,452. Males had a median income of $36,299 versus $30,981 for females. The per capita income for the county was $20,683. There are 14.4% of families living below the poverty line and 17.9% of the population, including 24.2% of under 18 and 10.5% of those over 64. Los Angeles County has the highest number of millionaires of any county in the nation, totaling 261,081 households as of 2007. [44]

The homeownership rate is 47.9%, and the median value for houses is $409,300. 42.2% of housing units are in multi-unit structures. Los Angeles County has the largest number of homeless people, with "48,000 people living on the streets, including 6,000 veterans," in 2010. [45] As of 2017 the number of homeless people in the county increased to nearly 58,000. [46]

Religion

In 2015, there were over two thousand Christian churches, the majority of which are Catholic. [47] [48] Roman Catholic adherents number close to 40% of the population. There were 202 Jewish synagogues, 145 Buddhist temples, 38 Muslim mosques, 44 Baháʼí Faith worship centers, 37 Hindu temples, 28 Tenrikyo churches and fellowships, 16 Shinto worship centers, and 14 Sikh gurdwaras in the county. [49] The Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Los Angeles has approximately 5 million members and is the largest diocese in the United States. In 2014, the county had 3,275 religious organizations, the most out of all US counties. [50]

Law, government, and politics

Charter of the County of Los Angeles, with amendments through March 2002 Los Angeles County Charter rev2016.pdf
Charter of the County of Los Angeles, with amendments through March 2002

Government

The Government of Los Angeles County is defined and authorized under the California Constitution, California law and the Charter of the County of Los Angeles. [51] Much of the Government of California is in practice the responsibility of local governments such as the Government of Los Angeles County.

The county's voters elect a governing five-member Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors. The small size of the board means each supervisor represents over 2 million people. The board operates in a legislative, executive, and quasi-judicial capacity. As a legislative authority, it can pass ordinances for the unincorporated areas (ordinances that affect the whole county, like posting of restaurant ratings, must be ratified by the individual city). As an executive body, it can tell the county departments what to do, and how to do it. As a quasi-judicial body, the Board is the final venue of appeal in the local planning process, and holds public hearings on various agenda items.

As of 2020, the Board of Supervisors oversees a $35.5 billion annual budget and over 112,000 employees. [52] The county government is managed on a day-to-day basis by a Chief Executive Officer and is organized into many departments, each of which is enormous in comparison to equivalent county-level (and even many state-level) departments anywhere else in the United States. Some of the larger or better-known departments include:

The Grand Avenue entrance of the Stanley Mosk Courthouse. LA Superior Court, LA, CA, jjron 22.03.2012.jpg
The Grand Avenue entrance of the Stanley Mosk Courthouse.

The Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority, despite its name, is not a County department. Technically it is a state-mandated county transportation commission that also operates bus and rail.

Politics

United States presidential election results for Los Angeles County, California [53] [54]
Year Republican  /  Whig Democratic Third party
No.%No.%No.%
2020 1,145,53026.86%3,028,88571.03%89,9502.11%
2016 769,74322.41%2,464,36471.76%200,2015.83%
2012 885,33327.83%2,216,90369.69%78,8312.48%
2008 956,42528.82%2,295,85369.19%65,9701.99%
2004 1,076,22535.60%1,907,73663.10%39,3191.30%
2000 871,93032.35%1,710,50563.47%112,7194.18%
1996 746,54430.96%1,430,62959.34%233,8419.70%
1992 799,60729.04%1,446,52952.54%507,26718.42%
1988 1,239,71646.88%1,372,35251.89%32,6031.23%
1984 1,424,11354.50%1,158,91244.35%29,8891.14%
1980 1,224,53350.18%979,83040.15%235,8229.66%
1976 1,174,92647.78%1,221,89349.69%62,2582.53%
1972 1,549,71754.75%1,189,97742.04%90,6763.20%
1968 1,266,48047.65%1,223,25146.02%168,2516.33%
1964 1,161,06742.52%1,568,30057.43%1,5510.06%
1960 1,302,66149.45%1,323,81850.25%8,0200.30%
1956 1,260,20655.38%1,007,88744.29%7,3310.32%
1952 1,278,40756.21%971,40842.71%24,7251.09%
1948 804,23246.51%812,69047.00%112,1606.49%
1944 666,44142.68%886,25256.75%8,8710.57%
1940 574,26640.58%822,71858.13%18,2851.29%
1936 357,40131.62%757,35167.00%15,6631.39%
1932 373,73838.55%554,47657.19%41,3804.27%
1928 513,52670.22%209,94528.71%7,8301.07%
1924 299,67565.51%33,5547.33%124,22827.16%
1920 178,11769.10%55,66121.59%23,9929.31%
1916 135,55450.59%114,07042.58%18,2976.83%
1912 2,1811.32%55,11033.34%108,00565.34%
1908 41,48356.77%22,07630.21%9,51813.02%
1904 32,50766.50%10,03020.52%6,34612.98%
1900 19,20055.10%13,15837.76%2,4907.15%
1896 16,89149.62%16,04347.13%1,1083.25%
1892 10,22644.89%8,11935.64%4,43419.47%
1888 13,80554.64%10,11040.02%1,3495.34%
1884 5,59551.67%4,68343.24%5515.09%
1880 2,91447.90%2,85346.90%3165.19%
1876 3,04245.69%3,61654.31%00.00%
1872 1,31251.11%1,22847.84%271.05%
1868 74837.70%1,23662.30%00.00%
1864 55542.73%74457.27%00.00%
1860 35620.27%70340.03%69739.69%
1856 52137.84%72152.36%1359.80%
1852 49746.41%57453.59%00.00%


Overview

Voter registration

Population and registered voters
Total population (2020)10,014,009
  Registered voters [55] [note 1] 5,635,97256.3%
    Democratic [55] 2,993,74453.1%
    Republican [55] 965,58417.1%
    Democratic–Republican spread [55] +2,028,160+36.0%
    American Independent [55] 151,1142.7%
    Green [55] 22,2550.4%
    Libertarian [55] 42,9050.8%
    Peace and Freedom [55] 34,6310.6%
    Unknown [55] 44,7790.8%
    Other [55] 38,8800.7%
    No party preference [55] 1,342,08023.8%

In the United States House of Representatives, Los Angeles County is split between 18 congressional districts: [56] In the California State Senate, Los Angeles County is split between 15 legislative districts: [57] In the California State Assembly, Los Angeles County is split between 24 legislative districts: [58]

On November 4, 2008, Los Angeles County was almost evenly split over Proposition 8, which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages. The county voted for the amendment 50.04% with a margin of 2,385 votes. [59]

The Los Angeles County Superior Court is the county's court of general jurisdiction, while the U.S. District Court for the Central District of California may hear cases where federal jurisdiction is present. Both are headquartered in a large cluster of government buildings in the city's Civic Center.

Historically, the courthouses were county-owned buildings that were maintained at county expense, which created significant friction since the trial court judges, as officials of the state government, had to lobby the county Board of Supervisors for facility renovations and upgrades. In turn, the state judiciary successfully persuaded the state Legislature to authorize the transfer of all courthouses to the state government in 2008 and 2009 (so that judges would have direct control over their own courthouses). Courthouse security is still provided by the county government under a contract with the state.

Unlike the largest city in the United States, New York City, all of the city of Los Angeles and most of its important suburbs are located within a single county. As a result, both the county superior court and the federal district court are respectively the busiest courts of their type in the nation. [60] [61]

Many celebrities have been seen in Los Angeles courts. In 2003, the television show Extra (based in nearby Glendale) found itself running so many reports on the legal problems of local celebrities that it spun them off into a separate show, Celebrity Justice.

State cases are appealed to the Court of Appeal for the Second Appellate District, which is also headquartered in the Civic Center, and then to the California Supreme Court, which is headquartered in San Francisco but also hears argument in Los Angeles (again, in the Civic Center). Federal cases are appealed to the Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, which hears them at its branch building in Pasadena. The court of last resort for federal cases is the U.S. Supreme Court in Washington, D.C.

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates

Cities by population and crime rates
CityPopulation [63] Violent crimes [63] Violent crime rate
per 1,000 persons
Property crimes [63] Property crime rate
per 1,000 persons
Agoura Hills 20,667120.5823611.42
Alhambra 84,4691491.761,91922.72
Arcadia 57,295570.991,38824.23
Artesia 16,793603.5726215.60
Avalon 3,795133.436416.86
Azusa 47,1112204.671,20425.56
Baldwin Park 76,6442613.411,58520.68
Bell 36,0622256.2466218.36
Bellflower 77,8863043.901,80223.14
Bell Gardens 42,7691252.9272817.02
Beverly Hills 34,677892.571,08131.17
Bradbury 1,06700.00109.37
Burbank 105,0572432.312,49323.73
Calabasas 23,442130.5523810.15
Carson 93,2335205.582,70929.06
Cerritos 49,8561202.411,87037.51
Claremont 35,469401.1390125.40
Commerce 13,0351128.591,01077.48
Compton 98,0571,21812.422,39924.47
Covina 48,5881513.111,65133.98
Cudahy 24,2011516.2434714.34
Culver City 39,5281794.531,76044.53
Diamond Bar 56,470550.9795216.86
Downey 113,6283813.353,53731.13
Duarte 21,673713.2850723.39
El Monte 115,3563953.422,23019.33
El Segundo 16,931382.2459535.14
Gardena 59,8022874.801,32122.09
Glendale 194,9022331.203,04315.61
Glendora 50,903591.161,29325.40
Hawaiian Gardens 14,493694.7619313.32
Hawthorne 85,6926377.432,18125.45
Hermosa Beach 19,830542.7267834.19
Hidden Hills 1,88700.0042.12
Huntington Park 59,0793736.311,91732.45
Industry 22268306.311,1105,000.00
Inglewood 111,4887807.002,67323.98
Irwindale 1,4471510.37243167.93
La Canada Flintridge 20,584120.5832415.74
La Habra Heights 5,41361.11448.13
Lakewood 81,3822272.792,06225.34
La Mirada 49,312981.9977615.74
Lancaster 159,1558595.403,49821.98
La Puente 40,4791212.9952112.87
La Verne 31,575501.5882326.06
Lawndale 33,3121675.0139711.92
Lomita 20,591954.6139118.99
Long Beach 469,8932,7055.7614,13130.07
Los Angeles 3,855,12218,5474.8187,47822.69
Lynwood 70,9085417.631,37319.36
Malibu 12,854151.1732925.60
Manhattan Beach 35,719621.7485523.94
Maywood 27,8501756.2828610.27
Monrovia 37,199812.1894825.48
Montebello 63,5381462.301,77527.94
Monterey Park 61,270751.221,02216.68
Norwalk 107,2954334.042,60924.32
Palmdale 155,2948125.233,39321.85
Palos Verdes Estates 13,66160.441369.96
Paramount 54,9972444.441,53627.93
Pasadena 139,3824333.113,37924.24
Pico Rivera 63,9882614.081,78027.82
Pomona 151,5111,0216.745,05533.36
Rancho Palos Verdes 42,335350.8349811.76
Redondo Beach 67,8561902.801,59623.52
Rolling Hills 1,89100.002714.28
Rolling Hills Estates 8,20291.1012915.73
Rosemead 54,6561432.6291316.70
San Dimas 33,923511.5066819.69
San Fernando 24,039773.2038015.81
San Gabriel 40,376882.1855013.62
San Marino 13,364130.9718313.69
Santa Clarita 179,2483421.912,74215.30
Santa Fe Springs 16,492996.001,27277.13
Santa Monica 91,2153954.333,39837.25
Sierra Madre 11,09840.3611210.09
Signal Hill 11,198433.8453647.87
South El Monte 20,452884.3039919.51
South Gate 95,9665535.762,54526.52
South Pasadena 26,045271.0444317.01
Temple City 36,148381.053549.79
Torrance 147,8511901.292,69018.19
Vernon 11427236.843112,728.07
Walnut 29,658371.2538212.88
West Covina 107,8612812.613,22429.89
West Hollywood 34,9713389.671,64246.95
Westlake Village 8,40630.3615418.32
Whittier 86,7402472.852,50228.84

Other statistics

Crime in 2013

Economy

Employment by industry in Los Angeles County (2015) Tree Map of Employment by Industries in Los Angeles County, Ca (2015).svg
Employment by industry in Los Angeles County (2015)

Los Angeles County is commonly associated with the entertainment and digital media industry; all five major film studiosParamount Pictures, Sony Pictures, Warner Bros., Universal Pictures, and Walt Disney Studios—are located within the county. Numerous other major industries also define the economy of Los Angeles County, including international trade supported by the Port of Los Angeles and the Port of Long Beach, music recording and production, aerospace and defense, fashion, and professional services such as law, medicine, engineering and design services, financial services. [66] High-tech sector employment within Los Angeles County is 368,500 workers, [67] and manufacturing employment within Los Angeles County is 365,000 workers. [68] [69]

The following major companies have headquarters in Los Angeles County:

Education

The Los Angeles County Office of Education provides a supporting role for school districts in the area. The county office also operates two magnet schools, the International Polytechnic High School and Los Angeles County High School for the Arts. There are a number of private schools in the county, most notably those operated by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese.

Colleges

Universities

Sites of interest

L.A. County Fair at dusk, 2008 L.A. County Fair at Dusk.JPG
L.A. County Fair at dusk, 2008
Photo of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art during its 2005 Ancient Egypt exhibit. LA County Museum of Art.jpg
Photo of the Los Angeles County Museum of Art during its 2005 Ancient Egypt exhibit.

The county's most visited park is Griffith Park, owned by the city of Los Angeles. The county is also known for the annual Rose Parade in Pasadena, the annual Los Angeles County Fair in Pomona, the Los Angeles County Museum of Art, the Los Angeles Zoo, the Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, the La Brea Tar Pits, the Arboretum of Los Angeles, and two horse racetracks and two car racetracks (Pomona Raceway and Irwindale Speedway), also the RMS Queen Mary located in Long Beach, and the Long Beach Grand Prix, and miles of beaches—from Zuma to Cabrillo.

Venice Beach is a popular attraction whose Muscle Beach used to attract throngs of tourists admiring "hardbodies". Today, it is more arts-centered. Santa Monica's pier is a well known tourist spot, famous for its Ferris wheel and bumper car rides, which were featured in the introductory segment of the television sitcom Three's Company . Further north in Pacific Palisades one finds the beaches used in the television series Baywatch . [72] The fabled Malibu, home of many film and television stars, lies west of it.

In the mountain, canyon, and desert areas one may find Vasquez Rocks Natural Area Park, where many old Westerns were filmed. Mount Wilson Observatory in the San Gabriel Mountains is open for the public to view astronomical stars from its telescope, now computer-assisted. Many county residents find relaxation in water skiing and swimming at Castaic Lake Recreation Area – the county's largest park by area – as well as enjoying natural surroundings and starry nights at Saddleback Butte State Park in the eastern Antelope Valley – California State Parks' largest in area within the county. The California Poppy Reserve is located in the western Antelope Valley and shows off the State's flower in great quantity on its rolling hills every spring.

Museums

Entertainment

Music venues

Disney Concert Hall Lightmatter disneyhall5.jpg
Disney Concert Hall

Amusement parks

Other attractions

Other areas

Angeles National Forest IcehouseCanyon.jpg
Angeles National Forest

Transportation

Major highways

Air

Los Angeles International Airport LAX sunrise 002 (2017).jpg
Los Angeles International Airport

Los Angeles International Airport (LAX), located in the Westchester district, is the primary commercial airport for commercial airlines in the county and the Greater Los Angeles Area. LAX is operated by Los Angeles World Airports (LAWA), an agency of the City of Los Angeles.

Other important commercial airports in Los Angeles County include:

The following general aviation airports also are located in Los Angeles County:

The U.S. Air Force operates three airports in Los Angeles County:

Rail

Los Angeles is a major freight-railroad transportation center, largely due to the large volumes of freight moving in and out of the county's sea port facilities. The ports are connected to the downtown rail yards and to the main lines of Union Pacific and Burlington Northern Santa Fe headed east via a grade-separated, freight rail corridor known as the Alameda Corridor.

Passenger rail service is provided in the county by Amtrak, Los Angeles Metro Rail and Metrolink.

Amtrak has the following intercity Amtrak service at Union Station in the city of Los Angeles:

Union Station is also the primary hub for Metrolink commuter rail, which serves much of the Greater Los Angeles Area.

Light rail, subway (heavy rail), and long-distance bus service are all provided by the Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Metro).

Sea

The county's two main seaports are the Port of Los Angeles and the Port of Long Beach. Together they handle over a quarter of all container traffic entering the United States, making the complex the largest and most important port in the country, and the third-largest port in the world by shipping volume.

The Port of Los Angeles is the largest cruise ship center on the West Coast, handling more than 1 million passengers annually.

The Port of Long Beach is home to the Sea Launch program, which uses a floating launch platform to insert payloads into orbits that would be difficult to attain from existing land-based launch sites.

Catalina Express ferries link the Catalina Island city of Avalon to the mainland at San Pedro and Long Beach, as well as Dana Point in Orange County.

Communities

Cities

There are 88 incorporated cities in Los Angeles County. According to the 2018 Estimate, the most populous are: [74]

Largest cities, 2018 Estimate
CityPopulation
Los Angeles
3,990,456
Long Beach
467,354
Santa Clarita
210,089
Glendale
201,361
Lancaster
159,053
Palmdale
156,667
Pomona
152,361
Torrance
145,182
Pasadena
141,371
El Monte
115,586
Downey
112,269
West Covina
106,311
Norwalk
105,120
Burbank
103,695

Unincorporated areas

Census designated places

Unincorporated Communities

Proposed Communities

See: Los Angeles Almanac MAP: Unincorporated Areas and Communities of Los Angeles County

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2020 census of Los Angeles County. [76]

county seat

RankCity/Town/etc.Municipal typePopulation (2020 Census)
1 Los Angeles City3,898,747
2 Long Beach City466,742
3 Santa Clarita City228,673
4 Glendale City196,543
5 Lancaster City173,516
6 Palmdale City169,450
7 Pomona City151,713
8 Torrance City147,067
9 Pasadena City138,699
10 East Los Angeles CDP118,786
11 Downey City114,355
12 West Covina City109,501
13 El Monte City109,450
14 Inglewood City107,762
15 Burbank City107,337
16 Norwalk City102,773
17 Compton City95,740
18 Carson City95,558
19 Santa Monica City93,076
20 South Gate City92,726
21 Hawthorne City88,083
22 Whittier City87,306
23 Alhambra City82,868
24 Lakewood City82,496
25 Bellflower City79,190
26 Baldwin Park City72,176
27 Redondo Beach City71,576
28 Lynwood City67,265
29 Montebello City62,640
30 Pico Rivera City62,088
31 Florence-Graham CDP61,983
32 Monterey Park City61,096
33 Gardena City61,027
34 Arcadia City56,681
35 South Whittier CDP56,415
36 Diamond Bar City55,072
37 Huntington Park City54,883
38 Hacienda Heights CDP54,191
39 Paramount City53,733
40 Glendora City52,558
41 Covina City51,268
42 Rosemead City51,185
43 Azusa City50,000
44 Cerritos City49,578
45 Rowland Heights CDP48,231
46 La Mirada City48,008
47 Altadena CDP42,846
48 Rancho Palos Verdes City42,287
49 Culver City City40,779
50 San Gabriel City39,568
51 Bell Gardens City39,501
52 La Puente City38,062
53 Monrovia City37,931
54 Claremont City37,266
55 Temple City City36,494
56 West Hollywood City35,757
57 Manhattan Beach City35,506
58 San Dimas City34,924
59 Westmont CDP33,913
60 Bell City33,559
61 Beverly Hills City32,701
62 Lawndale City31,807
63 La Verne City31,334
64 Walnut City28,430
65 South Pasadena City26,943
66 West Whittier-Los Nietos CDP25,325
67 Maywood City25,138
68 West Rancho Dominguez CDP24,347
69 Willowbrook CDP24,295
70 San Fernando City23,946
71 Calabasas City23,241
72 West Puente Valley CDP22,959
73 West Carson CDP22,870
74 Cudahy City22,811
75 East San Gabriel CDP22,769
76 Valinda CDP22,437
77 Duarte City21,727
78 Lomita City20,921
79 La Cañada Flintridge City20,573
80 Lennox CDP20,323
81 Agoura Hills City20,299
82 Stevenson Ranch CDP20,178
83 La Crescenta-Montrose CDP19,997
84 South San Jose Hills CDP19,855
85 Hermosa Beach City19,728
86 South El Monte City19,567
87 Santa Fe Springs City19,219
88 Castaic CDP18,937
89 El Segundo City17,272
90 Artesia City16,395
91 Vincent CDP15,714
92 Walnut Park CDP15,214
93 East Rancho Dominguez CDP15,114
94 Hawaiian Gardens City14,149
95 Palos Verdes Estates City13,347
96 Avocado Heights CDP13,317
97 Lake Los Angeles CDP13,187
98 San Marino City12,513
99 Commerce City12,378
100 Sun Village CDP12,345
101 Signal Hill City11,848
102 Quartz Hill CDP11,447
103 View Park-Windsor Hills CDP11,419
104 Marina del Rey CDP11,373
105 Sierra Madre City11,268
106 Malibu City10,654
107 East Whittier CDP10,394
108 Del Aire CDP10,338
109 Citrus CDP10,243
110 Charter Oak CDP9,739
111 West Athens CDP9,393
112 Alondra Park CDP8,569
113 Topanga CDP8,560
114 Rolling Hills Estates City8,280
115 Westlake Village City8,029
116 South San Gabriel CDP7,920
117 Acton CDP7,431
118 Ladera Heights CDP6,654
119 South Monrovia Island CDP6,515
120 East Pasadena CDP6,021
121 La Habra Heights City5,682
122 Mayflower Village CDP5,402
123 North El Monte CDP3,730
124 Avalon City3,460
125 Agua Dulce CDP3,451
126 Rose Hills CDP2,927
127 Desert View Highlands CDP2,676
128 Val Verde CDP2,399
129 San Pasqual CDP2,101
130 Rolling Hills City1,739
131 Hidden Hills City1,725
132 Elizabeth Lake CDP1,651
133 Leona Valley CDP1,555
134 Littlerock CDP1,535
135 Irwindale City1,472
136 Hasley Canyon CDP1,195
137 Green Valley CDP1,036
138 Bradbury City921
139 Lake Hughes CDP544
140 Industry City264
141 Vernon City222

See also

Notes

  1. Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.
  2. Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.

Related Research Articles

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Orange County is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area in Southern California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 3,010,232, making it the third-most populous county in California, the sixth most populous in the U.S., and more populous than 21 U.S. states. Although mostly suburban, it is the second most densely populated county in the state, behind San Francisco County. The county's three most populous cities are Anaheim, Santa Ana, and Irvine, each of which has a population exceeding 300,000. Santa Ana is also the county seat. Six cities in Orange County are on the Pacific coast, including Seal Beach, Huntington Beach, Newport Beach, Laguna Beach, Dana Point, and San Clemente.

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San Bernardino County(listen), officially the County of San Bernardino, is a county located in the southern portion of the U.S. state of California, and is located within the Inland Empire area. As of the 2010 U.S. Census, the population was 2,035,210, making it the fifth-most populous county in California and the 14th-most populous in the United States. The county seat is San Bernardino.

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Palmdale, California City in California, United States

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