Redondo Beach, California

Last updated
Redondo Beach, California
City of Redondo Beach
RedondoBeachKingHarborSign.jpg
Redondo Beach - King Harbor sign
Redondo Beach CA seal.gif
Seal
Redondo Beach CA logo.png
LA County Incorporated Areas Redondo Beach highlighted.svg
Location of Redondo Beach in Los Angeles County, California
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Redondo Beach, California
Location in the contiguous United States
Coordinates: 33°51′29″N118°22′44″W / 33.85806°N 118.37889°W / 33.85806; -118.37889 Coordinates: 33°51′29″N118°22′44″W / 33.85806°N 118.37889°W / 33.85806; -118.37889
Country Flag of the United States.svg United States
State Flag of California.svg  California
County Flag of Los Angeles County, California.svg Los Angeles
Incorporated April 29, 1892 [1]
Government
  Type Council–manager [2]
  MayorBill Brand [3]
   City Council [3] Nils Nehrenheim
Todd Loewenstein
Christian Horvath
John Gran
Laura Emdee
   City treasurer Steve Diels [4]
   City clerk Eleanor Manzano [5]
Area
[6]
  Total6.21 sq mi (16.09 km2)
  Land6.20 sq mi (16.06 km2)
  Water0.01 sq mi (0.03 km2)  0.16%
Elevation
[7]
62 ft (19 m)
Population
 (2010) [8]
  Total66,748
  Estimate 
(2019) [9]
66,749
  Density10,765.97/sq mi (4,156.49/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
90277, 90278 [10]
Area code 310/424 [11]
FIPS code 06-60018
GNIS feature IDs 1652782, 2411535
Website redondo.org

Redondo Beach (Spanish for round) is a coastal city in Los Angeles County, California, United States, located in the South Bay region of the Greater Los Angeles area. It is one of three adjacent beach cities along the southern portion of Santa Monica Bay. The population was 66,748 at the 2010 census, up from 63,261 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Redondo Beach was originally part of the 1785 Rancho San Pedro Spanish land grant that later became the South Redondo area. The primary attractions include Municipal Pier and the sandy beach, popular with tourists and a variety of sports enthusiasts. The western terminus of the Metro Rail Green Line is in North Redondo Beach.

History

Don Manuel Dominguez, a signer of the Californian Constitution and owner of Rancho San Pedro, which included all of modern-day Redondo. Manuel Dominguez of California.jpg
Don Manuel Domínguez, a signer of the Californian Constitution and owner of Rancho San Pedro, which included all of modern-day Redondo.
View of Redondo Beach Pier and railroad station from the Redondo Hotel, c. 1900 View of Redondo Beach Pier and railroad station from the Redondo Hotel, whose garden is also seen, ca.1900 (CHS-1371).jpg
View of Redondo Beach Pier and railroad station from the Redondo Hotel, c. 1900
Redondo Beach, 1906 RedondoBeach-1906.jpg
Redondo Beach, 1906

The Chowigna Indians used the site of today's Hopkins Wilderness Park, formerly Nike missile site LA-57 from 1956 to 1963, in Redondo Beach, California, as a lookout place. [12] The wetlands located at the site of today's AES power plant in Redondo Beach were a source of foods including halibut, lobster, and sea bass, and also of salt. [13]

In the 1700s, the Chowigna bartered salt from the old Redondo Salt Lake, "a spring-fed salt lake about 200 yards wide and 600 yards long situated about 200 yards from the ocean", with other tribes. [14] Their village by the lake was called "Onoova-nga", or "Place of Salt."

The Chowigna were relocated to missions in 1854, when Manuel Dominguez sold 215 acres (87 ha) of Rancho San Pedro, including the lake, to Henry Allanson and William Johnson for the Pacific Salt Works. [14] [15] [16]

Moonstone Beach was a tourist attraction from the late 1880s to the early 1920s. Tourists gathered moonstones from the many mounds that had washed ashore during storms.

Government

The City of Redondo Beach is a Charter City [17] in LA County, Southern California. Almost two thirds of the residents in LA County, the majority in Southern California, and a plurality of Californians live in Charter Cities according to the 2010 US Census. [18] As a Californian Charter City, Redondo Beach can adopt Amendments to the City Charter. [19]

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.2 square miles (16.1 km2), over 99% of it land.

Redondo Beach was originally part of the 1784 Rancho San Pedro Spanish land grant of the 43,000-acre (170 km2) Dominguez Rancho that later became the ten-mile (16 km) ocean frontage of Rancho Sausal Redondo.

Neighborhoods

The ocean side of Pacific Coast Highway (PCH) has restaurants and boating activities while inland of PCH is largely residential. Redondo Breakwall is a well-known surf spot in the South Bay. This power plant sports Whaling Wall number 31, a 586 ft × 95 ft (179 m × 29 m) whale mural by artist Robert Wyland titled "Gray Whale Migration".

Redondo Beach's borders RedondoBeachNorthSouthBorders.gif
Redondo Beach's borders
South Bay Galleria, a shopping mall on the border of Lawndale South Bay Galleria.JPG
South Bay Galleria, a shopping mall on the border of Lawndale
Redondo Beach Pier RedondoBeachPier04.jpg
Redondo Beach Pier

Redondo Beach has a distinct division between the north and south sections of the city, with 190th, Anita, and Herondo streets forming its east–west boundary line. South Redondo is along the beachfront with the pier and marina/harbor complex. The small business district near the pier and marina was revived in the 1990s. That district was once focused on fishing and canning when the pier was used to transport fish-based foodstuffs and canned fish to American and Asian consumers, but that industry experienced an economic downfall in the 1970s and 1980s. The main library is located in the Civic Center.

North Redondo, north of 190th Street, is an inland community separated from the beachfront by Hermosa Beach and Manhattan Beach. While primarily residential, North Redondo contains some of the city's major industrial and commercial space, including the inland aerospace and engineering firms that are part of Southern California's long space legacy. It is also home to the South Bay Galleria shopping center and Artesia Boulevard. North Redondo is the home of the Redondo Beach Performing Arts Center and the Los Angeles Ballet. The North Branch of the Redondo Beach Library serves this area.

Zoning allows properties within two to three blocks of the beach to be developed as large, two to three-unit luxury townhomes; inland areas are more likely to have single-family homes. There is a citywide height limit of 32 ft (9.8 m) for new homes but rooftop living spaces and decks are allowed. [20]

The Marina, Harbor and Pier complexes are planned centers of activity that host seafood restaurants, bars, smaller shops and a games arcade.

Redondo Beach Public Library Redondo Public Library from side.jpg
Redondo Beach Public Library

Lifestyle

Redondo Beach, 1890 RedondoBeach-1890a.jpg
Redondo Beach, 1890

Much of the Redondo Beach lifestyle is a blend of the neighborhoods, activities and people of the three Beach Cities of Southern California's South Bay. Like its sister cities of Hermosa Beach and Manhattan Beach, Redondo's draw is the beach that links the three cities. Redondo was described as "The Gem of the Continent" in the Los Angeles Daily Herald in 1887. [21]

The beach starts below the bluffs of Palos Verdes in the south (after Torrance Beach) and carries north to the Redondo Pier. The area of the beach that starts in Palos Verdes is known as "RAT (Right After Torrance) Beach." The Marvin Braude Bike Trail runs from Torrance through South Redondo, north to Hermosa Beach, Manhattan Beach, and eventually to Santa Monica. The path is broken by the Redondo Beach King Harbor Marina and Pier complex, where it veers away from water and onto dedicated lanes of surface streets for about a mile before again turning to the ocean in Hermosa Beach. Continuing north from Manhattan Beach, the path stretches to Marina Del Rey.

Surfing is an element of the South Bay lifestyle year-round. Winter storms in the Pacific Ocean sometimes turn typically placid and rolling South Bay waves into large and occasionally dangerous waves, a draw for surfers. Wave heights in December 2005 were some of the largest on record at 15 feet (4.6 m) to 20 feet (6.1 m).

Beach volleyball is another aspect of Redondo Beach's lifestyle. Professional tournaments managed by the AVP take place in neighboring Hermosa and Manhattan Beach. Redondo Beach is home to Gold Medalist Kerri Walsh and AVP Pro Casey Jennings.

Redondo Beach was home to the filming of the television series, Baywatch .[ citation needed ]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1890 603
1900 85541.8%
1910 2,935243.3%
1920 4,91367.4%
1930 9,34790.3%
1940 13,09240.1%
1950 25,22692.7%
1960 46,98686.3%
1970 57,45122.3%
1980 57,102−0.6%
1990 60,1675.4%
2000 63,2615.1%
2010 66,7485.5%
2019 (est.)66,749 [9] 0.0%
U.S. Decennial Census [22]

2010

The 2010 United States Census [23] reported that Redondo Beach had a population of 66,748. The population density was 10,751.1 people per square mile (4,151.0/km2). The racial makeup of Redondo Beach was 49,805 (74.6%) White (65.2% Non-Hispanic White), [8] 1,852 (2.8%) African American, 291 (0.4%) Native American, 8,004 (12.0%) Asian, 199 (0.3%) Pacific Islander, 2,725 (4.1%) from other races, and 3,872 (5.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 10,142 persons (15.2%).

The Census reported that 66,317 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 367 (0.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 64 (0.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 29,011 households, out of which 7,825 (27.0%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 12,507 (43.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 2,515 (8.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 1,207 (4.2%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 1,904 (6.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 179 (0.6%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 9,252 households (31.9%) were made up of individuals, and 2,145 (7.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29. There were 16,229 families (55.9% of all households); the average family size was 2.94.

Redondo Beach had 12,887 people (19.3%) under the age of 18, 4,198 people (6.3%) aged 18 to 24, 23,149 people (34.7%) aged 25 to 44, 19,532 people (29.3%) aged 45 to 64, and 6,982 people (10.5%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39.3 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 97.2 males.

There were 30,609 housing units at an average density of 4,930.2 per square mile (1,903.6/km2), of which 14,917 (51.4%) were owner-occupied, and 14,094 (48.6%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 0.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 5.3%. 36,796 people (55.1% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 29,521 people (44.2%) lived in rental housing units.

According to the 2010 United States Census, Redondo Beach had a median household income of $99,496, with 5.4% of the population living below the federal poverty line. [8]

2000

As of the census [24] of 2000, there were 63,261 people, 28,566 households, and 15,254 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,065.4 inhabitants per square mile (3,889.4/km2). There were 29,543 housing units at an average density of 4,700.6 per square mile (1,816.3/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 78.6% White, 9.1% Asian, 2.5% African American, 0.5% Native American, 0.4% Pacific Islander, 4.4% from other races, and 4.6, % from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 13.5% of the population.

There were 28,566 households, out of which 23.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 40.6% were married couples living together, 9.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.6% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.21 and the average family size was 2.87.

In the city, 18.8% of the population was under the age of 18; 6.1%, aged 18 to 24; 43.1%, aged 25 to 44; 23.6%, aged 45 to 64; and 8.5% aged 65 or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 101.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.8 males.

According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city was $93,274, and the median income for a family was $108,753. [25] Males had a median income of $56,796 versus $45,204 for females. The per capita income for the city was $38,305. About 4.0% of families and 5.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 6.2% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

According to the city's 2020 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [26] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees % of Total City Employment
1 Northrop Grumman 6,04533.04%
2 Redondo Beach Unified School District 8684.74%
3City of Redondo Beach4022.2%
4 The Cheesecake Factory 2611.43
5 United States Postal Service 2601.42%
6 Target 2411.32%
7 Macy's 2321.27%
8 DHL Global Forwarding 2271.24%
9 Frontier [ disambiguation needed ]1640.9%
10 Silverado Beach Cities 1400.77%

Cost of living

According to public data from the Los Angeles Times , real estate prices increased almost 20% per year between 1999 and 2005. Properties within walking distance of the ocean routinely sell for over $1 million. Money Magazine ranks communities in the area as some of the most expensive places to live in the U.S. The average three-bed, two-bath home costs about $1,000,000 in South Redondo as of 2006 and $875,000 in North Redondo. The 2007 "credit meltdown" has affected home values in the area to a lesser extent than the rest of Southern California.

Redondo Beach Pier, 1991 RedondoBeachPier03.jpg
Redondo Beach Pier, 1991

Government

Local government

Redondo Beach's City Council elections are held on the first Tuesday after the first Monday in March of odd-numbered years after the City Attorney notified California's Secretary of State of not moving both its City Council and Board of Education elections to a statewide primary or general election starting in 2018. The elections are all-mail instead of in-person.

The current mayor and council members are: [27]

Local Misc

According to the city's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, the city's various funds had $109.5 million in Revenues, $106.8 million in expenditures, $283.1 million in total assets, $66.3 million in total liabilities, and $79.5 million in cash and investments. [26]

The Beach Cities Health District, [28] one of 78 California Health Districts, [29] is located in Redondo Beach. Created in 1955, as South Bay Hospital, to provide health and wellness services to the residents of Hermosa Beach, Manhattan Beach, and Redondo Beach. The district took on its current name in 1993. In 2002, Beach Cities Health District opened AdventurePlex, [30] a Manhattan Beach fitness facility for youth and their families of the three beach cities. AdventurePlex has mazes, tunnels, outdoor rock climbing walls, complex ropes courses, and an indoor gymnasium.

State and federal representation

In the California State Legislature, Redondo Beach is in the 26th Senate District , represented by Democrat Ben Allen, and in the 66th Assembly District , represented by Democrat Al Muratsuchi. [31]

In the United States House of Representatives, Redondo Beach is in California's 33rd congressional district , represented by Democrat Ted Lieu. [32]

Politics

In the 2008 presidential election Barack Obama won 59% of the vote and John McCain won 37% of the vote. [33]

Education

The Redondo Beach Unified School District serves the city. Redondo Union High School is the zoned high school, with the adjoining campus of Patricia Dreizler Continuation High School located to the east of the Redondo Union High School main grounds serving as a continuation school. The Redondo Beach Learning Academy, a community day school houses 9th-12th graders, is located on the South Bay Adult School campus in Redondo Beach. Dreizler continues to be recognized as a California Model Continuation High School. [34] The Independent Study Program supports grades 9-12 and is housed on the Patricia Deizler campus. [35] [36] [37] Additionally, Redondo Beach has two middle schools, Adams Middle School and Parras Middle School. Adams Middle School, located in North Redondo Beach, primarily serves 6th to 8th grade students in the North Redondo area, with Parras Middle School being the designated middle school of South Redondo Beach. [38] [39] The city also has eight established elementary schools: Alta Vista, Beryl Heights, Birney, Jefferson, Lincoln, Madison, Tulita and Washington. [40] All twelve schools are evenly divided throughout the North and South areas of Redondo Beach, with five elementary schools and one middle school located in North/Central Redondo Beach; and three elementary schools, one middle school, and the singular designated high school placed in South Redondo Beach. [41] The Redondo Beach Educational Foundation was founded in 1992 and revitalized in 2008. [42]

Residents of Redondo Beach were in South Bay Union High School District until 1993, when it dissolved. [43]

Valor Christian Academy (formerly Coast Christian School) is in Redondo Beach.

Infrastructure

Redondo Beach Fire Department harbor patrol Redondo Beach Fire Department Boat.jpg
Redondo Beach Fire Department harbor patrol

The United States Postal Service operates the Redondo Beach Post Office at 1201 North Catalina Avenue, [44] the Redondo Beach Station #2 Post Office at 1715 Via El Prado, [45] the North Redondo Beach Post Office at 2215 Artesia Boulevard, [46] and the Galleria Post Office at Suite 377D at 1815 Hawthorne Boulevard. [47]

The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Torrance Health Center in Harbor Gateway, Los Angeles, near Torrance and serving Redondo Beach. [48]

Redondo Beach Police Department

The Redondo Beach Police Department was established in the 1920s. The Police Department consists of 90 sworn members (officers) plus 57 non-sworn members. [49]

Redondo Beach Public Library

The first library in Redondo Beach began as a reading room in 1895. The first five-member Library Commission for the city was formed in November 1908. The library moved into the then City Hall's west wing in 1909 and eventually filled the entire west wing at 301 Emerald Street. In 1928 the Chamber of Commerce recommended a new library be built on the site previously occupied by the Hotel Redondo in what is now Veterans Park. The Veterans Park Library is a Spanish/Dutch colonial building designed by architect Lovel Bearse Pemberton and opened on July 2, 1930. It was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1981. After serving as the Main Library for the city for 60 years, a site adjacent to City Hall was identified for a new, modern Main Library building. The new Main Library for the City of Redondo Beach opened on July 8, 1995 at 303 N. Pacific Coast Highway. A North Branch Library was also established in 1930 and started at the Grant Community Hall, it then moved to its current location at 2000 Artesia Boulevard in 1949. A new North Branch Library was constructed on the site in 2009 and opened its doors on September 28, 2010. The North Branch Library is the first City owned Green building and received Gold LEED certification. [50]

Transportation

Public transportation

Redondo Beach is served by Beach Cities Transit and the Redondo Beach C Line station.

Historically, the city was served by the Santa Fe Railroad and Pacific Electric's Venice-Playa del Rey and Redondo Beach via Gardena lines. [51] [52]

Notable people

Songs & videos

Television

Film

Sister cities

Related Research Articles

South Bay (Los Angeles County) Region of the Los Angeles metropolitan area in California, United States

The South Bay is a region of the Los Angeles metropolitan area, located in the southwest corner of Los Angeles County. The name stems from its geographic location stretching along the southern shore of Santa Monica Bay. The South Bay contains fifteen cities plus portions of the City of Los Angeles and unincorporated portions of the county. The area is bounded by the Pacific Ocean on the south and west and generally by the City of Los Angeles on the north and east.

Gardena, California City in California, United States

Gardena is a city located in the South Bay region of Los Angeles County, California, United States. The population was 58,829 at the 2010 census, up from 57,746 at the 2000 census. Until 2014, the US census cited the City of Gardena as the place with the highest percentage of Japanese Americans in California. Gardena's Japanese American population contributes to the South Bay region of Los Angeles being home to the largest concentration of Japanese companies within the mainland United States.

Hermosa Beach, California City in California, United States

Hermosa Beach is a beachfront city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. Its population was 19,506 at the 2010 U.S. Census. The city is located in the South Bay region of the Greater Los Angeles area; it is one of the three Beach Cities. Hermosa Beach is bordered by the other two, Manhattan Beach to the north and Redondo Beach to the south and east.

Lawndale, California City in California, United States

Lawndale is a city in Los Angeles County, California, United States. The population was 32,769 at the 2010 census, up from 31,712 according to the 2000 census. The city is in the South Bay region of the Greater Los Angeles Area.

Manhattan Beach, California City in California, United States

Manhattan Beach is a city in southwestern Los Angeles County, California, United States, on the Pacific coast south of El Segundo, and north of Hermosa Beach. As of the 2010 census, the population was 35,135, and in 2019 the population was estimated to be 35,183.

Marina del Rey, California Unincorporated community in Los Angeles County, California US

Marina del Rey is an unincorporated seaside community in Los Angeles County, California, with an eponymous harbor that is a major boating and water recreation destination of the greater Los Angeles area. The port is North America's largest man-made small-craft harbor and is home to approximately 5,000 boats. The area is a popular tourism destination for both land and water activities such as paddle board and kayak rentals, dining cruises, and yacht charters. Land activities include bicycling on several bicycle paths, walking paths along the waterfront, and birdwatching (birding). Wildlife watching opportunities include California sea lions and harbor seals. Dolphins and whales occasionally visit the deeper waters of harbor. This Westside locale is approximately 4 miles (6.4 km) south of Santa Monica, and 4 miles (6.4 km) north of Los Angeles International Airport, and 12.5 miles (20.1 km) west-southwest of Downtown Los Angeles.

Torrance, California City in California, United States

Torrance is a coastal city in the South Bay (southwestern) region of Los Angeles County, California, in the Los Angeles metropolitan area. The city has 1.5 miles (2.4 km) of beaches on the Pacific Ocean and a moderate year-round climate, with warm temperatures, daily sea breezes, low humidity, and an average rainfall of 12.55 inches per year. It is bordered by Lomita to the east, Gardena and Lawndale to the north, Redondo Beach, and the Pacific Ocean to the west, and Rolling Hills and Palos Verdes Estates to the south.

Newport Beach, California City in California in the United States

Newport Beach is a coastal city in Orange County, California, United States. Newport Beach is known for swimming and sandy beaches. Newport Harbor once supported maritime industries, but today, it is used mostly for recreation. Balboa Island draws visitors with a waterfront path and easy access from the ferry to the shops and restaurants.

Seal Beach, California City in California in the United States

Seal Beach is a coastal city in Orange County, California. As of the 2010 census, the population was 24,168, up from 24,157 at the 2000 census.

Beach Cities Place in Los Angeles County, California

Beach Cities is a nickname for the coastal area of Los Angeles County comprising the oceanfront cities of Manhattan Beach, Hermosa Beach, and Redondo Beach, located on the south end of the Santa Monica Bay west and south of downtown Los Angeles, north of the Palos Verdes Peninsula on the Pacific Ocean in Southern California. Neighboring Torrance also shares a strip of beach property in the South Bay, but is generally excluded from the group.

Santa Monica Bay

Santa Monica Bay is a bight of the Pacific Ocean in Southern California, United States. Its boundaries are slightly ambiguous, but it is generally considered to be the part of the Pacific within an imaginary line drawn between Point Dume, in Malibu, and the Palos Verdes Peninsula. Its eastern shore forms the western boundary of the Los Angeles Westside and South Bay regions. Although it was fed by the Los Angeles River prior to the river's catastrophic change of course in 1825, the only stream of any size now flowing into it is Ballona Creek. Other waterways draining into the bay include Malibu Creek, Topanga Creek, and Santa Monica Creek.

The Manhattan Beach Unified School District is responsible for public education in the city of Manhattan Beach, California. It oversees five elementary schools, one middle school, and one high school.

Mira Costa High School Public high school in the United States

Mira Costa High School is a four-year public high school located in Manhattan Beach, California that first began operating in 1950. It is the only high school in the Manhattan Beach Unified School District. The school's athletic teams are known as the Mustangs and the school colors are green and gold. Mira Costa is located on the corner of Peck Avenue and Artesia Boulevard.

Marvin Braude Bike Trail Bike path in Los Angeles County, California, United States

The Marvin Braude Bike Trail, also partly known as The Strand, is a paved bicycle path that runs mostly along the shoreline of Santa Monica Bay in Los Angeles County, California. For most of the route, the bicycle path is Class 1 but for a few miles in Marina del Rey, the route is Class 2, where the bicycle route crosses 6 streets with automobiles and nearby traffic lights, adding moderate danger for bicyclists, pedestrians, roller skaters, and skateboarders.

Redondo Union High School Public school

Redondo Union High School (RUHS) is a public high school in Redondo Beach, California.

Redondo Beach Unified School District is a school district with approximately 10,000 students headquartered in Redondo Beach, California. The school district consists of eight elementary schools, two middle schools, one high school, one continuation school, and one adult school.

Aviation High School was a High School located in Redondo Beach, California which was in operation from 1957 to 1982. The school was located at the corner of Manhattan Beach Boulevard and Aviation Boulevard. Their athletic teams were known as the Falcons and the school colors were black and orange.

The Hermosa Beach School District is responsible for public education in the city of Hermosa Beach, California. It oversees two elementary schools and one middle school.

Beach Cities Transit

Beach Cities Transit provides mass transportation for the Los Angeles beach city suburbs of Redondo Beach, Hermosa Beach, Manhattan Beach, and El Segundo. The two routes provide both local service and afford a variety of opportunities to connect with the rest of the Greater Los Angeles Transportation grid. The system began in 2005. Route 104 which it took over from Torrance Transit was cancelled in 2011 due to low ridership.

South Bay Union High School District, also known as the Redondo Union High School District, was a school district in Los Angeles County, California. It served residents of Hermosa Beach, Manhattan Beach, and Redondo Beach. It also served Torrance in the 1947-1948 school year.

References

  1. "California Cities by Incorporation Date". California Association of Local Agency Formation Commissions. Archived from the original (Word) on February 21, 2013. Retrieved August 25, 2014.
  2. "About Redondo Beach". City of Redondo Beach. redondo.org. Retrieved July 21, 2017.
  3. 1 2 "The Mayor and City Council of the City of Redondo Beach". City of Redondo Beach. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
  4. "City Treasurer's". City of Redondo Beach. Retrieved January 26, 2015.
  5. "The City Clerk's Office". City of Redondo Beach. Retrieved January 13, 2015.
  6. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
  7. "Redondo Beach". Geographic Names Information System . United States Geological Survey . Retrieved December 16, 2014.
  8. 1 2 3 "Redondo Beach (city), California". Redondo Beach (city) QuickFacts. United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 25, 2015. Retrieved February 26, 2015.
  9. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  10. "USPS - ZIP Code Lookup - Find a ZIP+ 4 Code By City Results" . Retrieved January 18, 2007.
  11. "Number Administration System - NPA and City/Town Search Results". Archived from the original on February 14, 2012. Retrieved January 18, 2007.
  12. Lacey, Marc (1992-04-17). "An Urban Oasis : Surrounded by condos sits a place the Chowigna Indians once used as a lookout spot. Today, people go there for an escape. - Los Angeles Times". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 15, 2014.
  13. Brand, Bill. ""Heart Park" Restoring Redondo Beach" (PDF). The Foggy View, Supplement to the March 2005 Southern Sierran, Sierra Club Palos Verdes - South Bay Group / Angeles Chapter. Archived from the original (PDF) on July 16, 2014. Retrieved March 15, 2014.
  14. 1 2 "SOUTH BAY HISTORY: Redondo Beach's salt lake". San Jose Mercury News. 2010-05-20. Retrieved March 15, 2014.
  15. "AES Power Plant Informational Brief" (PDF). Building a Better Redondo. 2011-07-06. Archived from the original (PDF) on November 26, 2013. Retrieved June 16, 2013.
  16. "Welcome to the Redondo Beach Historical Museum: A self-guided tour". redondo.org. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  17. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-02-16. Retrieved 2018-08-10.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. Bureau, US Census. "Decennial Census by Decades". www.census.gov.
  19. "Codes Display Text". leginfo.legislature.ca.gov.
  20. Hubler, Shawn (March 22, 1990) "Tempers Rise When Redondo Beach Council Talks About Height Limits" Los Angeles Times
  21. "The Gem of the Continent". Los Angeles Daily Herald. Los Angeles, CA. December 22, 1887. Retrieved September 3, 2020.
  22. "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  23. "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Redondo Beach city". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  24. "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau . Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  25. http://U.S. Census website.census.gov/faces/nav/jsf/pages/index.xhtml factfinder.census.gov
  26. 1 2 "City of Redondo Beach CAFR". June 30, 2020. Retrieved March 14, 2021.
  27. "Mayor and City Council". redondo.org. Retrieved October 4, 2020.
  28. "Beach Cities Health District". bchd.org. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  29. List of California Health Districts
  30. "Home". Adventure Plex. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  31. "Statewide Database". UC Regents. Archived from the original on February 1, 2015. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
  32. "California's 33rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC.
  33. "Vote Cast By Community and Council District" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 8, 2012. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
  34. "2019 Model Continuation High Schools Announced - Year 2019 (CA Dept of Education)". www.cde.ca.gov.
  35. "Patricia Dreizler Continuation High School - Home".
  36. "Patricia Dreizler Continuation High School - School Profiles".
  37. "Patricia Dreizler Continuation High School - Independent Studies Program".
  38. "Adams Middle School". www.adamsmiddle.org.
  39. "Parras Middle School". www.parrasmiddle.org.
  40. "School Directory – Our Schools – Redondo Beach Unified School District". www.rbusd.org.
  41. "School Boundary Maps – Our Schools – Redondo Beach Unified School District". www.rbusd.org.
  42. "Redondo Beach Educational Foundation is Making an Impact | The Redondo Beach Localista Magazine - Your guide to all things local". www.localistamagazine.com.
  43. Kowsky, Kim (1992-11-05). "School District Reorganizations Win Handily : The breakup of South Bay Union High School District is approved. But a proposition moving control of two schools from Los Angeles to Rancho Palos Verdes is blocked by a judge". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved 2020-10-28.
  44. "Post Office Location - REDONDO BEACH Archived 2012-05-03 at the Wayback Machine ." United States Postal Service . Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  45. "Post Office Location - REDONDO BEACH STATION #2 Archived 2012-05-03 at the Wayback Machine ." United States Postal Service . Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  46. "Post Office Location - NORTH REDONDO BEACH Archived 2012-05-03 at the Wayback Machine ." United States Postal Service . Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  47. "Post Office Location - GALLERIA Archived 2012-05-03 at the Wayback Machine ." United States Postal Service . Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  48. "Torrance Health Center." Los Angeles County Department of Health Services. Retrieved on March 18, 2010. Archived February 1, 2015, at the Wayback Machine
  49. "City of Redondo Beach - 404". redondo.org. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  50. The Redondo Beach Public Library, City of Redondo Beach Library, accessed March 28, 2015.
  51. "The beach cities greenbelt: Joggers take over from railroad trains | South Bay History". blogs.dailybreeze.com. Retrieved 2021-06-13.
  52. Stewart, Harold (20 July 2013). "Redondo Beach End of The Line". Pacific Electric Railway Historical Society.
  53. Enright, Robert. ""No Things But in Ideas: an interview with Allan McCollum", Border Crossings, September 2001, p. 24.
  54. "Amazon Eve – Official Website of Erika Ervin – Amazon Eve".
  55. Harrington, Joe S.,
  56. "Camera Obscura -- Cameron Crowe Tells The True Stories Of The Mtv Generation | The Seattle Times". archive.seattletimes.com.
  57. Carla Esparza at Ultimate Apocalypse
  58. Every, Dale Van and Morris DeHaven Tracy. Charles Lindbergh: His Life. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1927 (reprint 2005). ISBN   1-4179-1884-5, pp. 19–22
  59. Preuss, Andreas. "Chyna, WWE wrestler and entertainer, is dead". CNN.
  60. Sonic Cool: The Life & Death of Rock 'n' Roll, (Hal Leonard Corporation, 2003), p. 373.
  61. Dinh, Mai; Murphy, Janet. Demi Moore, People , 2008.
  62. The Houghton Mifflin Dictionary of Biography, (Houghton Mifflin Reference Books, 2003), p. 987.
  63. "Huntington as Futurist". The Huntington. Retrieved 2021-06-13.
  64. "Los Angeles & Redondo". www.erha.org. Retrieved 2021-06-13.
  65. Rollins, Henry (February 23, 2017). "Henry Rollins: I Liked It So Much in Redondo Beach That I Had to Get Out". LA Weekly. Retrieved July 11, 2017.
  66. Wagner-Martin, Linda; Davidson, Cathy N. The Oxford Book of Women's Writing in the United States (Oxford University Press US, 1999), p. 83.
  67. "Jim Fox - Los Angeles Kings - Team". kings.nhl.com. Retrieved August 22, 2017.
  68. Bravin, Jess (1997). Squeaky: The Life and Times Of Lynette Alice Fromme. St. Martin's Press. ISBN   978-0-312-18762-0.
  69. Ratermann, Dale; Brosi, Brian. 1001 Basketball Trivia Questions, Sports Pub., 1999, p. 54.
  70. Leitereg, Neal J. (May 23, 2014). "L.A. Kings' Slava Voynov scores modern home in Redondo Beach". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 16, 2014.
  71. Claghorn, Charles Eugene. Biographical Dictionary of American Music, (Parker Pub. Co., 1973), p. 411.
  72. "Thomas Welsh Player Profile, Charlotte Hornets, News, Rumors, NBA Stats, NCAA Stats, G League Stats, Events Stats, Game Logs, Bests, Awards - RealGM". basketball.realgm.com.
  73. "TIFFANY VAN SOEST". Lion Fight Promotions. Archived from the original on December 12, 2013. Retrieved December 9, 2013.
  74. Hixon, Michael. "Redondo Beach comedian Tommy Ryman releases second album". The Beach Reporter.
  75. Laufenberg, Norbert B. Entertainment Celebrities, (Trafford Publishing, 2005), p. 403.
  76. GJW. "The O.C. Filming Locations". Seeing-stars.com. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
  77. "'90210' to Film in Riviera Village". Redondo Beach, CA Patch. Retrieved April 7, 2016.
  78. Morison, Jeanette. "May I see Your Badge, Mister - Uh, Spock?". The Retirees Association. Archived from the original on December 30, 2013. Retrieved December 18, 2013.
  79. "The Hot Chick Filming Locations". Seeing-stars.com. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
  80. 1 2 "Mexico". Redondo Beach Sister Cities. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
  81. "Japan". Redondo Beach Sister Cities. Retrieved July 1, 2016.
  82. "China". Redondo Beach Sister Cities. Retrieved July 1, 2016.