Victorville, California

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Victorville, California
City of Victorville
The New Corral Motel - Route 66 (9383348965).jpg
A motel in Victorville
Victorville flag.gif
Flag
Seal of Victorville, California.jpg
Seal
San Bernardino County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Victorville Highlighted.svg
Location of Victorville in San Bernardino County, California
Relief map of California.png
Red pog.svg
Victorville
Location within California
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Victorville
Location within the United States
Coordinates: 34°32′10″N117°17′28″W / 34.53611°N 117.29111°W / 34.53611; -117.29111 Coordinates: 34°32′10″N117°17′28″W / 34.53611°N 117.29111°W / 34.53611; -117.29111 [1]
Country United States
State California
County San Bernardino
Incorporated September 21, 1962 [2]
Named for Jacob Nash Victor [3]
Government
   Mayor Debra Jones
  Mayor Pro TemLeslie Irving
   City manager Keith C. Metzler
Area
[4]
  Total74.01 sq mi (191.69 km2)
  Land73.72 sq mi (190.94 km2)
  Water0.29 sq mi (0.74 km2)  0.76%
Elevation
[1]
2,726 ft (831 m)
Population
 (2010) [5]
  Total115,903
  Estimate 
(2019) [6]
122,385
  Rank 5th in San Bernardino County
49th in California
  Density1,660.07/sq mi (640.96/km2)
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific Time Zone)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP Codes
92392–92395 [7]
Area codes 442/760 [8]
FIPS code 06-82590
GNIS feature IDs 1652806, 2412156
Website www.victorvilleca.gov

Victorville is a city in Victor Valley in San Bernardino County, California. Its population as of the 2010 census was 115,903. [5]

Contents

History

In 1858, Aaron G. Lane came to what is now known as Victorville and founded a way station called "Lane's Crossing." For many years it provided shelter and supplies for people making the journey across the desert from the east to San Bernardino. Lane's Crossing was on the Mojave River on today's Turner Road, two miles north from where Interstate 15 crosses the river. Captain Lane was a veteran of the Mexican–American War who had suffered from malaria during that war. Originally he migrated west to join the California gold rush, but he learned that he could make a better living selling supplies to the miners.

He settled in Ione, near Sutter's Mill in northern California, during those years, but he migrated to San Bernardino in 1857. He settled on the Mojave River in 1858, where he established his way station. He later sold out to Texan John Fry Miller, who changed the name of Lane's Crossing to Pioneer Station. [9] Miller was a rancher and became involved in Mojave Valley politics, setting up the first polling place in the area at his home. That first year, ten citizens cast their votes at Lane's residence, rather than making the long trip to San Bernardino. [10]

Census records show that ten people lived in two residences on the river by 1860. Listed in Dwelling No. 703 were Aaron Lane, William R. Levick, and the Nicholson family, consisting of George and Frances, and their three children aged 9 to 13. Joseph and Mary Highmoor lived in Dwelling No. 704, with a seven-year-old female named Anna. [11]

The Levick, Nicholson and Highmoor families were Mormon pioneers. Highmoor established a way station called Highmoor's Crossing, which was near today's Oro Grande bridge of the National Trails Highway (known as U.S. Route 66), over the Mojave River at what is called the Lower Narrows. The Nicholson family moved downriver a few miles and established a way station at "Point of Rocks" in today's Helendale area.

In 1867, Lafayette Meacham, a Mormon who ran a way station near today's Barstow area, made a new wagon road from his stage stop to what is now Old Town Victorville. It crossed the Mojave River at today's Sixth Street. This new road, now called Stoddard Wells Road, was a short-cut across the desert and became a popular route for muleskinners and freighters. The river crossing was called Mormon Crossing and the surrounding area became known by that name.

In the 1870s, Heber "Pete" Huntington established a stage stop, Huntington Station, at Mormon Crossing. Also a Mormon pioneer, Huntington was leader Brigham Young's nephew. Huntington later bought out the Stoddard brothers, who had a way station half way to today's Barstow from Victorville, and also bought out the Meachams, who ran the stage stop named Fish Ponds or Mormon Grocery.

In 1885, the newly established telegraph station at the railroad siding of "Victor", named for the California Southern Railroad's General Manager Jacob Nash Victor, was the beginning of what developed as today's Old Town Victorville. The village which sprang up around that railroad facility became known by the same name of Victor.

In 1901, at the suggestion of local postmistress Abbey Turner, the U.S. Post Office Department changed that name to Victorville to stop the postal confusion with the town of Victor, Colorado.

In 1926, U.S. Route 66 was begun, being marked in many areas on existing roads. In Victorville, US 66 is marked on D and Seventh streets, with a section of Interstate 15 going towards the Cajon Pass. It is the primary street through Old Town Victorville.

In 1940, Herman J. Mankiewicz and John Houseman wrote the first two drafts of the screenplay for the film Citizen Kane in Victorville. They worked in seclusion for 12 weeks while residing at the North Verde Ranch, now called the Kemper Campbell Ranch. [12] :32 [13] The quiet ranch allowed Mankiewicz to complete his writing without the temptation of drinking, as he struggled with alcoholism. [14]

The Victorville Army Airfield was constructed beginning in 1941. It was renamed as the George Air Force Base when the U.S. Air Force was established in October 1947. After decades of service to the Air Force, in 1992 George Air Force Base was closed.

Its land was turned over to other uses. Part of it is now the Southern California Logistics Airport. The former Air Force base housing area is now vacant. It forms a ghost town that is used for military training by troops from the U.S. Army's Fort Irwin Military Reservation. The Victorville Federal Penitentiary has been built on another part of the former air base.

The penitentiary site as seen in 1994 USP Victorville USGS 1994.jpg
The penitentiary site as seen in 1994

The city of Victorville was officially incorporated by the State of California on September 21, 1962.

On August 14, 1977, actor Ron Haydock was struck and killed while hitchhiking near Victorville.

In 2003, the Roy Rogers and Dale Evans Museum [15] was moved from Victorville to Branson, Missouri. It closed before 2015.

On November 3, 2007, Victorville hosted the DARPA Urban Challenge, a six-hour autonomous robot driving contest through the streets of the Southern California Logistics Airport. The $2 million first prize went to the Carnegie Mellon University team.

Geography

Victorville is located at the southwestern edge of the Mojave Desert, 81 miles (130 km) northeast of Los Angeles, 148 miles (238 km) north of San Diego, 188 miles (303 km) southwest of Las Vegas, 32 miles (51 km) south of Barstow, 48 miles (77 km) east of Palmdale, and 36 miles (58 km) north of San Bernardino through the Cajon Pass on Interstate 15. Victorville is the location of offices of the "Mojave Desert Branch" of the San Bernardino County government.

Victorville is bordered by Apple Valley on the east, Hesperia on the south, and Adelanto on the west. The Mojave River flows sporadically through Victorville. The elevation at City Hall is approximately 2,950 feet (900 m) above sea level.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 73.7 square miles (191 km2). 73.2 square miles (190 km2) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.6 km2) of it is water. The total area is 0.76% water.

Climate

The city is located in the High Desert, an area known for its unique and moderate weather patterns. The National Weather Service has maintained a weather station in Victorville since 1917. Official records show that Victorville has a cool arid climate (Köppen BWk) with four distinct seasons. Due to the higher elevation and inland location of the High Desert, the climate tends to be more extreme than in the Los Angeles Basin and other Southern California lowland regions.

Winter is the region's wet season, when Victorville receives the most storms. Due to the rain shadow effect caused by the San Bernardino Mountains and San Gabriel Mountains, the rainfall received is less than in the Los Angeles basin or even the San Bernardino Valley. Temperatures tend to be cool, with overnight low temperatures dropping to or below freezing on average. While the high temperatures average around a pleasant 60 °F or 15.6 °C, there are periods in which the high temperature fails to reach 50 °F (10 °C) or even 45 °F (7.2 °C). Low temperatures can dip below 25 °F (−3.9 °C) on occasion, with very cold temperatures possible; the record lowest temperature was −1 °F or −18.3 °C. [16] Snowfall and other wintry precipitation is also possible, although any snowfall tends to be very light and melt quickly; significant snowstorms as seen in the San Bernardino Mountains and San Gabriel Mountains are very rare. [17] [18] Black ice is also possible during the winter season. [19]

Summer days are generally hot to sweltering, with average high temperatures approaching 100 °F or 37.8 °C. It is also the time of year in which Victorville, and Southern California as a whole, receives the least precipitation. The higher elevation prevents the temperatures from matching the extreme heat seen in lower desert cities such as Palm Springs or Needles. However, heat waves can still raise the temperature to 110 °F or 43.3 °C, with the all-time record high being 116 °F or 46.7 °C. [20] Also unlike lower desert communities, the diurnal temperature variation is greater, allowing substantial relief to occur at night with average low temperatures approaching 60 °F or 15.6 °C. In the later part of the season, the average precipitation amount experiences an uptick due to the North American Monsoon bringing possible thunderstorms to the region. These thunderstorms can cause flash flooding, lightning, hail, and bring relief from the very hot summer days. [21] [22]

Spring is a transitional season, with warm high temperatures and low temperatures remaining quite cool. Summer-like weather usually begins to appear in May while rainfall tapers off. Autumn also has generally warm to very warm high temperatures on average, with temperatures falling from hot in September to pleasant in November, and rainfall rates increasing. Winter-like weather usually begins to appear by late November. High wind events are common in Victorville year-round and particularly during the spring; they can down power lines and cause dust storms that reduce visibility. [23]

There are an average of 109 days with highs of 90 °F (32.2 °C) or higher and an average of 79 days with lows of 32 °F (0 °C) or lower. The average annual rainfall in Victorville is 6.27 inches (159 mm). There is an average of 28 days annually with measurable rain. The wettest year recorded was 1983 with 13.42 inches (341 mm) and the driest 1953 with 1.27 inches (32 mm). The most precipitation in one month was 5.45 inches (138 mm) in February 1944. The most precipitation in 24 hours was 3.00 inches (76 mm) on February 24, 1998. Snowfall in Victorville averages only 1.4 inches or 0.036 metres annually. The most snowfall in one month was 38.0 inches (0.97 m) in January 1949, including 31.0 inches (0.79 m) on January 14. [24] [25]

Climate data for Victorville, California
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)80
(27)
86
(30)
93
(34)
100
(38)
108
(42)
111
(44)
116
(47)
112
(44)
110
(43)
101
(38)
88
(31)
85
(29)
116
(47)
Average high °F (°C)60
(16)
63
(17)
68
(20)
75
(24)
84
(29)
93
(34)
99
(37)
98
(37)
92
(33)
81
(27)
68
(20)
60
(16)
78
(26)
Average low °F (°C)31
(−1)
35
(2)
38
(3)
42
(6)
49
(9)
55
(13)
61
(16)
61
(16)
55
(13)
45
(7)
35
(2)
30
(−1)
45
(7)
Record low °F (°C)−1
(−18)
11
(−12)
14
(−10)
25
(−4)
30
(−1)
36
(2)
36
(2)
42
(6)
32
(0)
21
(−6)
8
(−13)
6
(−14)
−1
(−18)
Average rainfall inches (mm)1.11
(28)
1.18
(30)
1.14
(29)
0.31
(7.9)
0.23
(5.8)
0.06
(1.5)
0.16
(4.1)
0.25
(6.4)
0.33
(8.4)
0.26
(6.6)
0.36
(9.1)
0.81
(21)
6.2
(157.8)
Average snowfall inches (cm)0.9
(2.3)
0.0
(0.0)
0.1
(0.25)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.0
(0.0)
0.2
(0.51)
0.1
(0.25)
1.3
(3.31)
Source 1: Weather Channel [26]
Source 2: [27]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1970 10,845
1980 14,22031.1%
1990 40,674186.0%
2000 64,02957.4%
2010 115,90381.0%
2019 (est.)122,385 [6] 5.6%
U.S. Decennial Census [28]

2010

The 2010 United States Census [29] reported that Victorville had a population of 115,903. The population density was 1,571.8 people per square mile (606.9/km2). The racial makeup of Victorville was 56,258 (48.5%) White (28.3% Non-Hispanic White), [5] 19,483 (16.8%) African American, 1,665 (1.4%) Native American, 4,641 (4.0%) Asian, 489 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 26,036 (22.5%) from other races, and 7,331 (6.3%) from two or more races. There were 55,359 Hispanic or Latino residents of any race (47.8%).

The Census reported that 110,800 people (95.6% of the population) lived in households, 341 (0.3%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 4,762 (4.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 32,558 households, out of which 17,256 (53.0%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 17,036 (52.3%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,487 (19.9%) had a female householder with no husband present, 2,397 (7.4%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 2,478 (7.6%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 258 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 5,081 households (15.6%) were made up of individuals, and 1,954 (6.0%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.40. There were 25,920 families (79.6% of all households); the average family size was 3.77.

The population was spread out, with 38,023 people (32.8%) under the age of 18, 12,136 people (10.5%) aged 18 to 24, 33,479 people (28.9%) aged 25 to 44, 22,853 people (19.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 9,412 people (8.1%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 100.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 99.1 males.

There were 36,655 housing units at an average density of 497.1 per square mile (191.9/km2), of which 20,137 (61.8%) were owner-occupied, and 12,421 (38.2%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 4.9%; the rental vacancy rate was 11.1%. 66,600 people (57.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 44,200 people (38.1%) lived in rental housing units.

During 200913, Victorville had a median household income of $50,034, with 25.3% of the population living below the federal poverty line. [5]

2000

In 2000, [30] the city was estimated to contain 64,029 people, 20,893 households, and 15,883 families residing in the city. The racial makeup of the city was 61.1% White (47.5% Non-Hispanic White), 11.9% African American, 1.1% Native American, 3.5% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 16.3% from other races, and 6.0% from two or more races. 33.5% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 20,893 households, out of which 43.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.3% were married couples living together, 16.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 24.0% were non-families. 19.4% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.03 and the average family size was 3.47.

In the city, the population was spread out, with 34.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.6% from 25 to 44, 17.4% from 45 to 64, and 11.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30.7 years. For every 100 females, there were 93.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 89.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $66,763, and the median income for a family was $66,866. Males had a median income of $40,149 versus $26,138 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,731. 19.24% of the population and 16.03% of families were below the poverty line. Out of the total population, 24.6% of those under the age of 18 and 10.6% of those 65 and older were living below the poverty line.

Government

Local government

The city of Victorville operates with a council-manager form of government.

The current City Council members and City Manager are: [31]

List of mayors

This is a list of Victorville mayors by year. The mayor is appointed in December.

State and federal

In the California State Legislature, Victorville is in the 21st Senate District , represented by Republican Scott Wilk, and in the 33rd Assembly District , represented by Republican Thurston Smith. [40]

In the United States House of Representatives, Victorville is in California's 8th congressional district , represented by Republican Jay Obernolte. [41]

Economy

Top employers

According to the city's 2009 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [42] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of employees
1 Southern California Logistics Airport 2,073
2 Victor Valley College 1,150
3 Desert Valley Hospital 1,000
4 Verizon 940
5Victor Valley Union High School District877
6Victor Elementary School District848
7 Federal Correctional Complex, Victorville 844
8 Walmart 830
9Victor Valley Community Hospital548

Education

The following school districts serve Victorville: [43]

Elementary and middle school:

High school:

Unified:

Victor Valley Community College also serves the city.

Media

Print

The Victor Valley Daily Press is published in Victorville. [44]

Transportation

Intercity rail service is provided at the Victor Valley Transportation Center – the Amtrak Southwest Chief stops in each direction daily. [45] The Transportation Center also hosts Greyhound Lines intercity bus services. [46] Brightline West is a long planned a high-speed rail line at the Victor Valley station in the adjacent town of Apple Valley with direct service from Palmdale or Rancho Cucamonga to Las Vegas. [47]

FlixBus utilizes a stop at 14618 7th Street, with buses to several destinations, including Las Vegas, Santa Clarita, and Los Angeles.

Local bus service is provided by the Victor Valley Transit Authority. [48]

The city is home to the Southern California Logistics Airport.

Old Town Victorville

Old Town Victorville Veteran's Memorial Old Town Victorville-Veteran's Memorial-Seventh St-Forrest Ave.jpg
Old Town Victorville Veteran's Memorial

A controversial revitalization project started in 1995 in the ten square blocks along Historic Route 66. After years of setbacks in developing Old Town, the city—along with input from residents and local business owners—created an Old Town Strategic Action Plan in 2007. In 2008, demolition on hazardous and dilapidated buildings began. In 2010, as the economy declined, the statewide end of Economic Redevelopment Agencies, which funded the project, placed further work on indefinite hold. [49] As of 2012, the area still had problems with crime and homelessness, and many buildings remain boarded up. [50]

Projects include the Veteran's Memorial on the corner of Seventh Street and Forrest Avenue, the Route 66 Museum, the Transportation Center, and the Old Victor School. Several large murals have been painted on the sides of buildings in Old Town. [51]

Local areas

Rock Faces, non-prehistoric petroglyphs in Victorville Petroglyphs in Victorville.JPG
Rock Faces, non-prehistoric petroglyphs in Victorville

There are several notable areas and locations within Victorville such as Spring Valley Lake, the Old Sheriff's Office, U.S. Route 66, and the Victorville Film Archive.

Filming location

Victorville has been used for commercial filming several times:

Notable people

See also

Related Research Articles

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References

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  4. "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 1, 2020.
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  6. 1 2 "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" . Retrieved May 21, 2020.
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