AllMusic

Last updated
AllMusic
Wordmark of AllMusic (2013).png
Logo of AllMusic (2013).png
AllMusic's logotype and logo (since July 2013)
Type of site
Online database for music albums, artists and songs; reviews and biographies
Available inEnglish
Owner RhythmOne (since April 2015) [1]
Created by Michael Erlewine
Website allmusic.com
Alexa rankDecrease Positive.svg 4,159 (August 2019) [2]
CommercialYes
RegistrationOptional
Launched1991;28 years ago (1991) (as All Music Guide)
Current status Online

AllMusic (previously known as All Music Guide and AMG) is an online music database. It catalogs more than 3 million album entries and 30 million tracks, as well as information on musical artists and bands. It launched in 1991, predating the World Wide Web. [3] [4]

An online database is a database accessible from a local network or the Internet, as opposed to one that is stored locally on an individual computer or its attached storage. Online databases are hosted on websites, made available as software as a service products accessible via a web browser. They may be free or require payment, such as by a monthly subscription. Some have enhanced features such as collaborative editing and email notification.

Album collection of recorded music, words, sounds

An album is a collection of audio recordings issued as a collection on compact disc (CD), vinyl, audio tape, or another medium. Albums of recorded music were developed in the early 20th century as individual 78-rpm records collected in a bound book resembling a photograph album; this format evolved after 1948 into single vinyl LP records played at ​33 13 rpm. Vinyl LPs are still issued, though album sales in the 21st-century have mostly focused on CD and MP3 formats. The audio cassette was a format widely used alongside vinyl from the 1970s into the first decade of the 2000s.

Musical ensemble group of people who perform instrumental and/or vocal music, with the ensemble typically known by a distinct name

A musical ensemble, also known as a music group or musical group, is a group of people who perform instrumental or vocal music, with the ensemble typically known by a distinct name. Some music ensembles consist solely of instruments, such as the jazz quartet or the orchestra. Some music ensembles consist solely of singers, such as choirs and doo wop groups. In both popular music and classical music, there are ensembles in which both instrumentalists and singers perform, such as the rock band or the Baroque chamber group for basso continuo and one or more singers. In classical music, trios or quartets either blend the sounds of musical instrument families or group together instruments from the same instrument family, such as string ensembles or wind ensembles. Some ensembles blend the sounds of a variety of instrument families, such as the orchestra, which uses a string section, brass instruments, woodwinds and percussion instruments, or the concert band, which uses brass, woodwinds and percussion.

Contents

History

AllMusic was launched as All Music Guide by Michael Erlewine, a "compulsive archivist, noted astrologer, Buddhist scholar and musician". He became interested in using computers for his astrological work in the mid-'70s and founded a software company, Matrix, in 1977. In the early '90s, as CDs replaced vinyl as the dominant format for recorded music, Erlewine purchased what he thought was a CD of early recordings by Little Richard. After buying it he discovered it was a "flaccid latter-day rehash". [5] Frustrated with the labeling, he researched using meta data to create a music guide. [6] In 1990, in Big Rapids, Michigan, he founded All Music Guide with a goal to create an open access database that included every recording "since Enrico Caruso gave the industry its first big boost". [3]

Michael Erlewine Archivist of popular culture

John Michael Erlewine is an American musician, astrologer, photographer, TV host, publisher and Internet entrepreneur who founded the music online database site AllMusic in 1991.

Little Richard American pianist, singer and songwriter

Richard Wayne Penniman, known as Little Richard, is an American musician, singer and songwriter.

Enrico Caruso Italian opera singer 1873-1921

Enrico Caruso was an Italian operatic tenor. He sang to great acclaim at the major opera houses of Europe and the Americas, appearing in a wide variety of roles from the Italian and French repertoires that ranged from the lyric to the dramatic. Being one of the first major singing talents to be commercially recorded, Caruso made approximately 260 commercially released recordings from 1902 to 1920, which made him an international popular entertainment star. All of these recordings, which span most of his stage career, remain available today on CDs and as downloads and digital streams.

The first All Music Guide was a 1,200-page reference book, packaged with a CD-ROM, titled All Music Guide: The Best CDs, Albums & Tapes: The Expert's Guide to the Best Releases from Thousands of Artists in All Types of Music. [7] Its first digital iteration, in 1991, was a text-based Gopher site. [8] It moved to the World Wide Web as web browsers became more user-friendly. [5]

The Gopher protocol is a TCP/IP application layer protocol designed for distributing, searching, and retrieving documents over the Internet. The Gopher protocol was strongly oriented towards a menu-document design and presented an alternative to the World Wide Web in its early stages, but ultimately Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) became the dominant protocol. The Gopher ecosystem is often regarded as the effective predecessor of the World Wide Web.

World Wide Web System of interlinked hypertext documents accessed over the Internet

The World Wide Web (WWW), commonly known as the Web, is an information system where documents and other web resources are identified by Uniform Resource Locators, which may be interlinked by hypertext, and are accessible over the Internet. The resources of the WWW may be accessed by users by a software application called a web browser.

Web browser software application for retrieving, presenting and traversing information resources on the World Wide Web

A web browser is a software application for accessing information on the World Wide Web. Each individual web page, image, and video is identified by a distinct Uniform Resource Locator (URL), enabling browsers to retrieve these resources from a web server and display them on a user's device.

Erlewine hired a database engineer, Vladimir Bogdanov, to design the All Music Guide framework, and recruited his nephew, writer Stephen Thomas Erlewine, to develop editorial content. In 1993, Chris Woodstra joined the staff as an engineer. A "record geek" who had written for alternative weeklies and fanzines, his main qualification was an "encyclopedic knowledge of music". [5] 1,400 subgenres of music were created, a feature which became central to the site's utility. In a 2016 article in Tedium, Ernie Smith wrote: "AllMusic may have been one of most ambitious sites of the early-internet era—and it’s one that is fundamental to our understanding of pop culture. Because, the thing is, it doesn’t just track reviews or albums. It tracks styles, genres, and subgenres, along with the tone of the music and the platforms on which the music is sold. It then connects that data together, in a way that can intelligently tell you about an entire type of music, whether a massive genre like classical, or a tiny one like sadcore". [9]

Stephen Thomas Erlewine American music journalist

Stephen Thomas ('Tom') Erlewine is an American music critic and senior editor for the online music database AllMusic. He is the author of many artist biographies and record reviews for AllMusic, as well as a freelance writer, occasionally contributing liner notes.

In 1996, seeking to further develop its web-based businesses, Alliance Entertainment Corp. bought All Music from Erlewine for a reported $3.5 million. He left the company after its sale. [5] Alliance filed for bankruptcy in 1999, and its assets were acquired by Ron Burkle's Yucaipa Equity Fund. [6]

In 1999, All Music relocated from Big Rapids to Ann Arbor, where the staff expanded from 12 to 100 people. [5] By February of that year, 350,000 albums and 2 million tracks had been cataloged. All Music had published biographies of 30,000 artists, 120,000 record reviews and 300 essays written by "a hybrid of historians, critics and passionate collectors". [10] [11]

In late 2007, AllMusic was purchased for $72 million by TiVo Corporation (known as Macrovision at the time of the sale, and as Rovi from 2009 until 2016). [12]

In 2012, AllMusic were forced to remove all information listed on Canadian Singer-songwriter Bryan Adams and his band Sweeney Todd after they received threats of a lawsuit from the singer.[ citation needed ]

In 2015, AllMusic was purchased by BlinkX (later known as RhythmOne). [13] [14]

The AllMusic database is powered by a combination of MySQL and MongoDB. [4]

The All Music Guide series

The All Media Network also produced the AllMusic guide series, which includes the AllMusic Guide to Rock, [15] the All Music Guide to Jazz and the All Music Guide to the Blues . Vladimir Bogdanov is the president of the series. [16] [5]

Reception

In August 2007, PC Magazine included AllMusic in its "Top 100 Classic Websites" list. [17] [3]

See also

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References

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  2. "Allmusic.com Site Info". Alexa Internet . Retrieved March 24, 2017.
  3. 1 2 3 Wolf, Gary (February 1994). "All Music". Wired . Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  4. 1 2 Smith, Ernie (September 16, 2016). "The Story of AllMusic, the Internet's Largest, Most Influential Music Database" . Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Bowe, Brian J. (January 24, 2007). "Make it or Break it". Metro Times . Retrieved February 27, 2014.
  6. 1 2 Herbert, Daniel (January 24, 2014). Videoland: Movie Culture at the American Video Store. Los Angeles, CA: University of California Press. p. 209. ISBN   978-0520279636 . Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  7. Formats and Editions of All Music Gude. World Cat. OCLC   31186749.
  8. Nosowitz, Dan (January 30, 2015). "The Story of AllMusic, Which Predates the World Wide Web". Vice. Retrieved 22 June 2017.
  9. Smith, Ernie (September 20, 2016). "The Big Data Jukebox". tedium.com. Tedium. Retrieved 26 July 2017.
  10. Weisbard, Eric (February 23, 1999). "Conjunction Junction". Village Voice. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  11. Powers, Ann (June 3, 2015). "Digital Underground Who Will Make Sure The Internet's Vast Musical Archive Doesn't Disappear?". NPR. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  12. "Focus Article: Rovi Corporation". insidearbitrage.com. Inside Arbitrage. Retrieved 28 September 2017.
  13. "Blinkx Acquires Website Owner All Media Network For Undisclosed Amount". London South East. April 16, 2015.
  14. "BLINKX ACQUIRES ALL MEDIA NETWORK, LLC - Newsroom - RhythmOne". investor.rhythmone.com. Retrieved 2019-01-15.
  15. Toon, Jason (July 21, 1999). "Rock Stock: A book report on the best tomes to consult before buying tunes". Riverfront Times . Retrieved March 8, 2015.
  16. Bruno, Anthony (February 28, 2011). "AllMusic.com Folding Into AllRovi.com for One-Stop Entertainment Shop". Billboard . Retrieved June 15, 2013.
  17. Heater, Brian (August 13, 2007). "Top 100 Classic Websites – AllMusic – Slideshow from pcmag.com". PCmag.com . Retrieved September 24, 2013.