List of online music databases

Last updated

Below is a table of online music databases that are largely free of charge. Note that many of the sites provide a specialized service or focus on a particular music genre. Some of these operate as an online music store or purchase referral service in some capacity. Among the sites that have information on the largest number of entities are those sites that focus on discographies of composing and performing artists.

Contents

Performance rights organisations (PRO) typically have their own databases as per country they represent, in accordance with CISAC, to help domestic artists collect royalties. Information available on these portals include songwriting credits, publishing percentage splits, and alternate titles for different distribution channels. It is one of the most accurate and official type of databases because it involves direct communication between the artists, record labels, distributors, legal teams, publishers and a global governing body regulating PRO's. Many countries that observe copyright have an organisation established, currently there are 119 CISAC members, [1] and they may be not-for-profit. The databases are typically known as 'repertory searches' or 'searching works' and may require an account while others are open to view for free as public including the USA's ASCAP Songview and Ace services, [2] Canada's SOCAN, [3] South Korea's KOMCA, [4] France's SACEM, [5] and Israel's ACUM. [6]

General databases

DatabaseServicesNo. of tracksNo. of releasesNo. of artistsNotesLicenseFull free access
AllMusic Music information and reviews.~20,000,000 [7] ~2,200,000 [7] Song samples only.
Discogs • Database: user-generated cross-referenced database of physical & digital releases, artists, and labels. With catalogue numbers, codes, and other markings taken directly from each release.
• Companies/organisations: cross-referencing those involved in music production (record companies, manufacturers, distributors, publishers, rights holders, venues, studios, etc.)
• Images: for releases, artists, labels, and other companies/organisations listed.
• Marketplace: for trade of physical music releases.
151,200,000 [8] 15,000,000 [9] 8,000,000 [9] • Multi-lingual.
• Free membership (which also removes all site ads).
• Marketplace lists over 35 million items (largest physical music items marketplace online).
• 1 billion edits.
PD/CC0 [10] Free API and XML data dumps. [11]
Internet Archive Large live music archive, hosts hundreds of free music netlabels13 million (as of 2021) [12] CC/PDYes
Jamendo Free full-length music download. Free Art License, now royalty-free catalog
Jaxsta Online database of official music credits19,000,000 [13] • 115,000,000+ Individual Music Credits
• 100,000+ Credits Ingested Daily
API available.
Last.fm Music community website.~26,484,587 [14] ~3,304,568~1,383,340Automatically creates online library/collection of listened to music and generates recommendations.
The MLCComplete publicly available database of all recordings and musical works for payment purposes. The Music Modernization Act requires The MLC to make its database of musical works available in a bulk, machine/computer-readable format and through a widely available software application. [15] ~110,000,000 [16] Streaming services are required by law to provide full information. [17] Free API Available [18]
MusicBrainz Open content music database.~36,256,760 [19] ~3,118,675 [19] ~1,927,470 [19] GPL/LGPL/PD/CC-BY-NC-SA.Free API [20] and XML data dumps. [21]
MusicID Official charts and indicative revenue data going back to 1900 [22] Aggregator of chart data from sources such as Billboard, OCC and more [23]
Qobuz Streaming service incorporating official music credits from record labels80,000,000 [24] Free for 1 month [24]
Rate Your Music Music database, community ratings, reviews and lists~5,158,359 [25] ~1,583,038 [25] API is planned but not functional as of 2022. [26] [27] No special rights granted. Web scraping is prohibited. [28]
Soundcharts Airplay, charts and social media tracking data.45,000,000 [29] 5,000,000 [29] Cites major record labels as customers. API available. [29]
Spotify Streaming service with official music credits as provided by labels and distributors. [30] [31] 82,000,000 [32] ~8,000,000 [33] [34] Yes [35]
Tidal Streaming service incorporating official music credits from record labels. [36] 90,000,000 [37] Unofficial Tidal API available, official API can be accessed with subscription [38] Yes [39]

Music genre specific

DatabaseServicesNo. of tracksNo. of releasesNo. of artistsNotesLicenseFull free access
Encyclopaedia Metallum A heavy metal encyclopedia with information, complete discography, links, images, and reviews.~1,900,000 [40] ~265,000 [40] ~102,000 bands, ~535,000 artists [40]
Prog Archives Progressive rock discography and reviews.063,978 [41] 11,308 [41] No special rights granted [42] Yes. Log on to submit band information
RollDaBeats Drum N Bass music database, physical releases only.175,969 [43] 62,103 [43]
Riddim Guide Reggae and dancehall database; catalogues riddims 57875 [44] 4878 (riddims) [44] 5937 [44] 2570 record labels [44] Yes

Specialized areas

DatabaseSpecializationServicesNo. of tracksNo. of releasesNo. of artistsNotesLicenseFull free access
The Freesound Project Audio samplesRepository of Creative Commons-licensed audio samples.445,000 [45] [46] CC Sampling Plus.
Genius LyricsAllows users to provide annotations and interpretation of song lyrics.
Musixmatch LyricsAudio based music recognition and provision of song lyrics.Yes.
SecondHandSongs CoversDatabase of covers and samples of songs, with links to public recordings>1,100,000 performances>100,000 worksMultilingual recordings.No special rights granted
Sound Credit CreditsMultimodal platform for entering and editing music credits with a datahub that includes a database upload option.Database uploads are free, and is free to view.
WhoSampled Sample identificationUser-generated database of comparison between original tracks and covers, or songs that use samples.460,000150,000

Printed music (sheets) databases

DatabaseServicesNo. of tracksNo. of releasesNo. of artistsNotesLicenseFull free access
Choral Public Domain Library Sheet music archive of choral and vocal music in the public domain or otherwise freely available for printing and performing36,869 [47] Yes
International Music Score Library Project Music scores and parts, mostly scanned from publications now in the public domain; some recordings.42,000 (370,000 scores)14,500 composers, 387 performers. [48] PD/CC-BY-NC-SA.
MuseScore Sheet music6,487,223 [49] 780 [50] Also includes free music notation software to enable a wide range of instrumental music scores to be created, printed and sharedMusic is available under a variety of licenses. It is tagged and searchable by license.Music protected by copyright is only downloadable by obtaining a paid Pro subscription.
Musipedia Search by melody (entering notes, Parsons code, whistling, or tapping rhythm)Yes, but via other sources.
Mutopia Project repository of free content sheet music.2,247 [51] 328 [52]
Répertoire International des Sources Musicales (RISM)Database of historical music manuscripts and music printed editions that includes full descriptions and current physical locations in libraries worldwide.>1,400,000~40,000 composersSearch available in 5 languages. Link to digitized images when available. CC-BY Yes

Metadata providers and distributors

DatabaseServicesNo. of tracksNo. of releasesNo. of artistsNotesLicenseFull free access
ACRCloud Music recognition & audio based music retrieval~40,000,000 [53] Commercially available with SDKs, APIs for file scanning, airplay monitoring, shazam-liked featuresFree trial available in 15 days
Gracenote Identification service for CDs and other media.~100,000,000 [54] ~8,000,000 [54] 1 billion "submissions". [55]
Quantone Database of physical/digital products, venues, photos, artists, participants, composers, movements, labels, publishers and rights.12,000,000 [56] 301,000For commercial business-to-business usage only.API available.

Non-functioning databases

DatabaseServicesNo. of tracksNo. of releasesNo. of artistsNotesLicenseFull free access
freedb Identification service for CDs.freedb.org and its services shut down in June 2020; succeeded by gnudb.GPL.
LyricWiki Lyrics wiki on Wikia.~1,653,416 [57] ~159,749 [57] ~82,226 [57] Yes, but no access to the lyrics via API.
MetroLyrics Lyrics lookup.
MusicMight Biographies and discographies.
Wikifonia Free lead sheets in MusicXML format, contributed and editable by users.6,236 [58] Was active from 2006-2013

See also

Related Research Articles

MusicBrainz Online music metadata database

MusicBrainz is a MetaBrainz project that aims to create a collaborative music database that is similar to the freedb project. MusicBrainz was founded in response to the restrictions placed on the Compact Disc Database (CDDB), a database for software applications to look up audio CD information on the Internet. MusicBrainz has expanded its goals to reach beyond a CD metadata storehouse to become a structured online database for music.

Liner notes Liner copy

Liner notes are the writings found on the sleeves of LP record albums and in booklets which come inserted into the compact disc jewel case or the equivalent packaging for cassettes.

Discogs Website and database about audio recordings

Discogs is a website and crowdsourced database of information about audio recordings, including commercial releases, promotional releases, and bootleg or off-label releases. While the site was originally created with a goal of becoming the largest online database of electronic music, the site now includes releases in all genres on all formats. After the database was opened to contributions from the public, rock music began to become the most prevalent genre listed.

The following tables compare general and technical information for a number of wiki software packages.

Jaguar Wright American singer

Jacquelyn Suzette Wright-Johnson, better known by her stage name, Jaguar Wright, is an American R&B and neo soul singer, songwriter and narrator. She is part of the Okayplayer collective. Wright has performed and collaborated alongside rap acts such as The Roots, Jay-Z, and Blackalicious. She was born and raised in New Jersey before moving to Philadelphia at around 12 years old.

LyricWiki was an online wiki-based lyrics database and encyclopedia. In March 2013, it was the seventh largest MediaWiki installation with over 2,000,000 pages including 1.5 million songs. Prior to its shutdown, users on the site could view, edit, and discuss the lyrics of songs, which were also available for purchase from links on the site. Users were told to be mindful of copyright while contributing, and copyright violations were removed upon request. All the lyrics on LyricWiki were licensed through LyricFind.

Gracenote American data company

Gracenote, Inc. is a company owned by Nielsen Holdings that provides music, video and sports metadata and automatic content recognition (ACR) technologies to entertainment services and companies, worldwide. Formerly CDDB, Gracenote maintains and licenses an Internet-accessible database containing information about the contents of audio compact discs and vinyl records.

CDDB, short for Compact Disc Database, is a database for software applications to look up audio CD information over the Internet. This is performed by a client which calculates a (nearly) unique disc ID and then queries the database. As a result, the client is able to display the artist name, CD title, track list and some additional information. CDDB is a licensed trademark of Gracenote, Inc.

Deezer is a French online music streaming service. It allows users to listen to music content from record labels, as well as podcasts on various devices online or offline.

MetroLyrics was a website dedicated to song lyrics. It was founded in December 2002, and its database contains over 1 million songs by over 16,000 artists. Unlike other lyric websites, MetroLyrics places a warning on songs that contain explicit lyrics so that users can proceed with caution. The site abruptly went offline in late June 2021, and as of September 2021 its owners and maintainers have made no explanation.

A music streaming service is a type of streaming media service that focuses primarily on music, and sometimes other forms of digital audio content such as podcasts. These services are usually subscription-based services allowing users to stream digital copyright restricted songs on-demand from a centralized library provided by the service. Some services may offer free tiers with limitations, such as advertising and limits on use. They typically incorporate a recommendation engine to help users discover other songs they may enjoy based on their listening history and other factors, as well as the ability to create and share public playlists with other users.

The Echo Nest

The Echo Nest is a music intelligence and data platform for developers and media companies. Owned by Spotify since 2014, the company is based in Somerville, MA. The Echo Nest began as a research spin-off from the MIT Media Lab to understand the audio and textual content of recorded music. Its creators intended it to perform music identification, recommendation, playlist creation, audio fingerprinting, and analysis for consumers and developers.

Thomas "Tawgs" Salter is a Canadian musician, songwriter, producer and recording engineer. His extensive body of musical work includes a vast array of artists ranging from Josh Groban, Lights and Lenka to Chantal Kreviazuk, Fefe Dobson, Dear Rouge, Midway State and USS. Salter has also worked alongside Grammy-winning writer/producer Walter Afanasieff. Salter's music, production and collaborations have been featured on television shows, including Vampire Diaries, Grey's Anatomy, American Idol and The Simpsons to films such as Prom Night and Joe Somebody.

The following is a list of on-demand music streaming services. These services offer streaming of full-length content via the Internet as a part of their service, without the listener necessarily having to purchase a file for download. This type of service is somewhat similar to Internet radio. Many of these sites have advertising and offer non-free options in the style of a digital music store.

Tidal (service) Subscription-based music streaming service

Tidal is a Norwegian-American subscription-based music, podcast and video streaming service that offers audio and music videos. Tidal was launched in 2014 by Swedish public company Aspiro and is now majority-owned by Block, Inc., an American payment processing company.

Vasileios Angelis known professionally as Vasilis Angelis is a Greek composer, engineer and producer of Εlectronic, Ethnic and Orchestral music.
Vasilis Angelis is from Trikala Thessaly, Greece, has collaborated with respected musicians and engineers in Greece and UK and is known for using odd rhythms with electronic and orchestral-traditional instruments.

Jasmine Sokko is a Singaporean electronic music singer-songwriter and producer. Known for wearing her trademark masks to conceal part of her face, she is also one of the top most-streamed Singaporean female singers on Spotify.

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