Hollywood Bowl

Last updated
Hollywood Bowl
Hollywood bowl and sign.jpg
Hollywood Bowl in 2005 (with Hollywood Sign in background)
USA Los Angeles Metropolitan Area location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Hollywood Bowl
Location within the Los Angeles metropolitan area
USA California location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Hollywood Bowl
Hollywood Bowl (California)
Usa edcp location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Hollywood Bowl
Hollywood Bowl (the United States)
Location Los Angeles, California
Coordinates 34°06′46″N118°20′20″W / 34.11278°N 118.33889°W / 34.11278; -118.33889 Coordinates: 34°06′46″N118°20′20″W / 34.11278°N 118.33889°W / 34.11278; -118.33889
Public transit LAMetroLogo.svg Hollywood/Highland LACMTA Circle B Line (Red).svg  
Owner County of Los Angeles
Operator Los Angeles Philharmonic Association
TypeOutdoor Amphitheater
Seating typeSeats
Capacity 17,500
OpenedJuly 11, 1922
Hollywood Bowl

The Hollywood Bowl is an amphitheatre in the Hollywood Hills neighborhood of Los Angeles, California. It was named one of the 10 best live music venues in America by Rolling Stone magazine in 2018. [1]


The Hollywood Bowl is known for its band shell, a distinctive set of concentric arches that graced the site from 1929 through 2003, before being replaced with a larger one beginning in the 2004 season. The shell is set against the backdrop of the Hollywood Hills and the famous Hollywood Sign to the northeast.

The "bowl" refers to the shape of the concave hillside the amphitheater is carved into. The Bowl is owned by the County of Los Angeles and is the home of the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra, the summer home of the Los Angeles Philharmonic, and the host venue to hundreds of musical events each year. [2] [ citation needed ]

It is located at 2301 North Highland Avenue, west of the (former) French Village, [3] [4] north of Hollywood Boulevard and the Hollywood/Highland subway station, and south of Route 101.


Discovery and founding

The site of the Hollywood Bowl was chosen in 1919 by William Reed and his son H. Ellis Reed, [5] who were dispatched to find a suitable location for outdoor performances by the members of the newly formed Theatre Arts Alliance headed by Christine Wetherill Stevenson. The Reeds selected a natural amphitheater, a shaded canyon and popular picnic spot known as 'Daisy Dell' in Bolton Canyon which was chosen for its natural acoustics and its proximity to downtown Hollywood. [6] The Community Park and Art Association, then headed by F.W. Blanchard, was the first organization to begin the building the Bowl.

One of the earliest performances at the Bowl was Hollywood High School's Performance of Shakespeare's Twelfth Night. The Women's World Peace Concert was held on November 11, 1921. On November 11, 1921 the first Sunrise Service took place at the bowl, in one of its first major events. [7] With the building of the first actual stage, consisting of little more than wooden platforms in and canvas, The Bowl officially opened on July 11, 1922. [8] [9]

Community Function

The Bowl began as a community space rather than a privately owned establishment. Proceeds from the early events at the Bowl went to financing the construction of new elements of the bowl such as a stage and seating in 1922 and 1923 respectively. In 1924, a backdrop to the stage was added. [10]

During the early years of the Bowl's existence, concert tickets were kept at the lowest available price of 25 cents using the slogan popular prices will prevail, coined by F.W. Blanchard. While serving as the venue for concerts by the Los Angeles Philharmonic, the Bowl also served as a community space, being used for Easter services, the Hollywood Community Chorus, as well as Young Artists Nights where younger musicians could perform well known classical music. Children were also invited to perform at community events with the Los Angeles Philharmonic and the Hollywood Community Chorus, beginning with Sibelius’ Finlandia in 1921. [11]

The Bowl was home to much more than western music, hosting a variety of Native American tribal events, as well as international music ensembles. [11] [ citation needed ]

In 1924, the land was deeded to the County of Los Angeles. [8] [ citation needed ]

Women in the Bowl

Many of the key influential figures in the founding of the Hollywood Bowl were women, most notably the pianist Artie Mason Carter, whose connections with the Los Angeles arts patrons were vital in the early days of the Bowls existence. Christine Wetherill Stevenson and Marie Rankin Clarke, who both donated $21,000 to purchase the land on which the bowl was built. E.J. Wakeman, Leiland Atherton Irish, Harriet Clay Penman, and composers Gertrude Ross and Carrie Jacobs Bond all contributed to the Bowl through fundraising drives. [12]

Band shells

Lloyd Wright designed the second and third band shells. [13] The original 1926 shell, designed by the Allied Architects group, was considered unacceptable both visually and acoustically. Wright's 1927 shell had a pyramidal shape and a design reminiscent of southwest American Indian architecture. Its acoustics generally were regarded as the best of any shell in Bowl history. But its appearance was considered too avant-garde, or perhaps only ugly, and it was demolished at the end of the season. His 1928 wooden shell had the now-familiar concentric ring motif, covered a 120-degree arc, and was designed to be easily dismantled. Unfortunately it was neglected and ruined by water damage.

The Hollywood Bowl's 1980s-2003 appearance, with the acoustic fiberglass spheres. Hollywood Bowl (cropped).jpg
The Hollywood Bowl's 1980s–2003 appearance, with the acoustic fiberglass spheres.

For the 1929 season, the Allied Architects built the shell that stood until 2003, using a transite skin over a metal frame. Its acoustics, though not nearly as good as those of the Lloyd Wright shells, were deemed satisfactory at first, and its clean lines and white, semicircular arches were copied for music shells elsewhere. As the acoustics deteriorated, various measures were used to mitigate the problems, starting in the 1970s with an inner shell made from large cardboard tubes (of the sort used as forms for round concrete pillars), which were replaced in the early 1980s by large fiberglass spheres (both designed by Frank Gehry [14] ) that remained until 2003. These dampened out the unfavorable acoustics, but required massive use of electronic amplification to reach the full audience, particularly since the background noise level had risen sharply since the 1920s. The appearance underwent other, purely visual, changes as well, including the addition of a broad outer arch (forming a proscenium) where it had once had only a narrow rim, and a reflecting pool in front of the stage that lasted from 1953 till 1972. [15] Sculptor George Stanley, designer of the Oscar statuette, designed the Muse Fountain which has stood outside the Hollywood Bowl's main entrance since 1940. [16] [17]

The Hollywood Bowl in 2004, during construction of the new shell Hollywood Bowl USGS (cropped).jpg
The Hollywood Bowl in 2004, during construction of the new shell
Hollywood Bowl re-opening night, 2005 Hollywood Bowl 2005.jpg
Hollywood Bowl re-opening night, 2005

Shortly after the end of the 2003 summer season the 1929 shell was replaced with a new, somewhat larger, acoustically improved shell, which had its debut in the 2004 summer season. Preservationists fiercely opposed the demolition for many years, citing the shell's storied history. However, even when it was built, the 1929 shell was (at least acoustically) only the third-best shell in the Bowl's history, behind its two immediate predecessors. By the late 1970s, the Hollywood Bowl became an acoustic liability because of continued hardening of its transite skin. The new shell incorporates design elements of not only the 1929 shell, but of both the Lloyd Wright shells. During the 2004 summer season, the sound steadily improved, as engineers learned to work with its live acoustics. [18]

The current sound reinforcement system is a line-array configuration of multiple loudspeaker enclosures hung vertically in a curved manner, with the lower enclosures facing the front sections, and the upper enclosures angled towards the rear sections. It is manufactured by L'Acoustics, and includes state-of-the-art audio processing allowing each individual loudspeaker enclosure to be "tuned" and directed towards the near-precise location of the listener, regardless of where in the venue they are sitting. This results in the audience in the rear sections hearing the same audio, at the same level, as in the front sections. This electronic processing includes sound level, frequency equalization, occasional special effects, and time delay (sound passes through wire much faster than through air, therefore the sound coming from the speakers must be delayed, allowing the actual sound from the stage to "catch up" so both sources reach the listeners' ears simultaneously). The system is maintained by Rat Sound Systems, the same company that has provided audio for the Coachella Festival, since its inception. [19] [20] [ original research? ]

The 2004 shell incorporates the prominent front arch of the 1926 shell, the broad profile of the 1928 shell, and the unadorned white finish (and most of the general lines) of the 1929 shell. In addition, the ring-shaped structure hung within the shell, supporting lights and acoustic clouds, echoes a somewhat similar structure hung within the 1927 shell. During the 2004 season, because the back wall was not yet finished, a white curtain was hung at the back; beginning with the 2005 season, the curtain was removed to reveal a finished back wall. The architectural design for the shell was developed by the Los Angeles-based architectural practice Hodgetts and Fung, with the structural concept developed by the local office of Arup.

At the same time the new shell was being constructed the bowl received four new video screens and towers. During most concerts, three remotely operated cameras in the shell, and a fourth, manually operated camera among the box seats, provide the audience with close-up views of the musicians.

Hollywood Bowl Orchestra(s)

The Hollywood Bowl has had several house orchestras. A "Bowl Orchestra" performed in 1925, and a "Hollywood Bowl Orchestra" made a live recording in 1928. Later, the "Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra" recorded made several classical recordings under music director Leopold Stokowski from 1945 to 1946, and released a number of recordings on the Capitol Records label in the 1950s and 1960s.

The Hollywood Bowl Orchestra was re-launched by the Los Angeles Philharmonic Association in 1991 under principal conductor John Mauceri, who finished his tenure in 2006. [21]

From among the Orchestra's more than 300 concerts, Kathleen Battle, Plácido Domingo, Jane Eaglen, Marilyn Horne, Alexander Frey, Jennifer Larmore, Sylvia McNair, Andrea Bocelli, Gil Shaham, Stephen Hough, Luciano Pavarotti and the San Francisco Ballet represent the illustrious talent from the worlds of opera, ballet and classical music that has graced the stage with the Orchestra. Trisha Yearwood, Garth Brooks (in his only performance with an orchestra) and the late John Denver brought to their performances the irrepressible optimism of Country-Western. Jason Alexander, Carol Burnett, Kristin Chenoweth, Kirk Douglas, Patti LuPone, Reba McEntire, Lynn Redgrave, Peabo Bryson, Harry Connick Jr., Alan Cumming, Davis Gaines, Savion Glover, Joel Grey, Garrison Keillor, Leonard Nimoy, Brian Stokes Mitchell and Patrick Stewart have brought their inimitable gifts to the Bowl stage. Hosting Big Bad Voodoo Daddy, Chicago, Cheap Trick, The Chieftains, Sergio Mendes, The Moody Blues, Pink Martini, Tito Puente and the Latin Jazz Ensemble, Royal Crown Revue, and Rufus Wainwright, the Orchestra has proven itself in the world of pop and rock. Rosemary Clooney, Natalie Cole, Ann Miller, Della Reese, Sir George Martin, and Peter, Paul & Mary are among artists with whom the Orchestra has been privileged to work. And, in the 1999 season, John Mauceri stepped aside to allow the mayor of Los Angeles, the Honorable Richard J. Riordan, to make his conducting debut at the Bowl with the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra.

Early Conductors

The first appointed conductor of the Bowl ensemble was Emil Oberhoffer, who served for one year.[ citation needed ] Oberhoffer was proceeded by Alfred Hertz for two years.[ citation needed ] In 1925 Fritz Reiner migrated to the orchestra from the Cincinnati Symphony. Reiner was supplanted by Sir Henry Wood several years later.[ citation needed ]

Early Ballet and Opera

Ballet dancer Maud Allen performed during the production of symphony Pathetique by Tschaikowsky under the direction of Alfred Hertz in 1926. Ernest Belcher arranged a ballet scene for Bowl Dedication Night, and dancers from the Belcher Ballet School performed the Beautiful Galatea,Enchanted Hour, and Venesive Festival. In 1932, the Belcher's ballet was performed in Greek Costumes as a dedication to the Olympic-Games Athletes. Alexis and Theodore Kosloff performed the ballet Scheherazade with dancers from Hollywood and the Klosloff Dancing School between 1930s. In 1932, Theodore Klosloff performed the Flower.Also in 1932, the ballet Chopiniana was performed. Ballet Dancers Ruth St. Denis and Ted Shawn performed solo dances under direction of Hertz in 1927. Ruth St. Denis and Ted Shawn raised there arms to point at the California Stars during the Russian Ballet sur le point at the Hollywood Bowl. In 1928, Andreas Pavley, a tenor, and Serge Oukrainsky, a ballet dancer, performed at the Hollywood Bowl. Oukrainsky performed in the ballet La Fete a Robinson alone after Pavley's death. In 1929, Norma Gould brought her Los Angeles dancers to the bowl to perform during Schubert's Unfinished Symphony and Tschaikowsky's Nut-Cracker Suite. In August, 1930, Michio Ito brought five dancers to the Hollywood Bowl to perform in the Russian Ballet Prince Igor. In 1931, Adolph Bolm performed at the Bowl for Debussy's Les Nuages. He also performed The Spirt factory. This was later called the Mechanical Ballet composed by Alaxander Mosolov. Dancers Elise Reiman and Robert Bell also performed in the Mechanical Ballet. [7]

In 1931, Los Angeles Grand opera performed segments of Marouf. Early Hollywood Bowl appearances of opera include: Carmen,Aida, and Shanewis. In 1929, a concertized form of the opera Carmen was performed by Alice Genytle, Paul Althouse and Alexander Kisselburgh. The same cast later performed moments from the opera Tannhauser. In 1932, Samson and Delilah was performed by Paul Althouse, local singers, the Belcher Ballet and the Civic Chorus in concert style. In 1927, Elsa Alsen performed Santuzza in Cavalleria. In 1934,  Nina Koshetz performed Carmen and Nelson Eddy sang Escamillio in the opera Carmen. Koshetz also sang the lead in Tschaikowsky's Eugene Oregon. In the 1930s, Verdi's Aida was performed by Dan Gridley, Clemence Gifford, Eleanor Woodforde and Richard Bonelli with the Los Angeles Philharmonic Orchestra. In 1935, Lohengrin was performed by Jeanette Vreeland performing Elsa and Dan Gridley performing Lonhengrin. [22]


The first season at the Hollywood Bowl began on July 11, 1922, with conductor Alfred Hertz and the Los Angeles Philharmonic. [2] [ citation needed ]

Aerial photograph showing the seating in front of the Hollywood Bowl Hollywood Bowl USGS 2010.jpg
Aerial photograph showing the seating in front of the Hollywood Bowl

In 1945, Leopold Stokowski formed the Hollywood Bowl Symphony Orchestra, drawing its players from among members of the Los Angeles Philharmonic and various film studios orchestras. He made a number of 78 rpm recordings with them for RCA Victor during his two seasons there (1945–46) before returning to New York. The Hollywood Bowl Symphony's name was retained for a series of Capitol LPs made in the 1950s under such conductors as Felix Slatkin and Carmen Dragon.[ citation needed ]

In 1951, a financial crisis closed the Hollywood Bowl during its summer season. Dorothy Chandler chaired a committee that organized a series of fundraising concerts that was able to reopen it. [23]

The film-and-orchestra concert Bugs Bunny on Broadway, subsequently called "Bugs Bunny at the Symphony," has played the Hollywood Bowl a record 21 times—19 times with the Los Angeles Phiharmonic, and twice with the Hollywood Bowl Orchestra, all conducted by George Daugherty. In September 2003, "Bugs Bunny On Broadway" was the final Los Angeles Philharmonic concert to be performed in the 1929 shell before its demolition started the following day, making way for the new shell.

Public Figures – include President Franklin Delano Roosevelt, Mickey Rooney and Edward G. Robinson, Fonteyn and Nureyev, Nelson Eddy and Jeanette MacDonald, Simon and Garfunkel, and Abbott and Costello.

DancersMikhail Baryshnikov has danced there, as did Fred Astaire.

MusiciansAl Jolson, Judy Garland, Billie Holiday, Louis Armstrong, Art Tatum, Buddy Rich, Harry "Sweets" Edison, Nat "King" Cole, Oscar Peterson, Ella Fitzgerald, [24] Carrie Underwood, The Doors, Van Halen, Rod Stewart, José José, Kylie Minogue, Elton John, Alicia Keys, Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers, Heart. [25]



Playboy Jazz Festival hosted in the Hollywood Bowl 2007 Playboy Jazz Festival 2007.jpg
Playboy Jazz Festival hosted in the Hollywood Bowl 2007
July 4th Fireworks Spectacular at the Hollywood Bowl 2010 Hollywoodbowlfireworks.jpg
July 4th Fireworks Spectacular at the Hollywood Bowl 2010










Hollywood Bowl Museum

The Hollywood Bowl Museum is located at the bottom of Peppertree Lane. It was formally known as the Tea Room which opened in 1984. [52] In 1996, it was rebuilt as the Edmund D. Edelman Hollywood Bowl Museum. [53] It features many historical exhibits including: Summer Nights: Jazz at the Bowl, Hollywood Bowl: Music For Everyone, Postcards from the Bowl, Beatles at the Bowl, Concert Programs and Live from the Bowl. These exhibits feature vintage photographs, vintage sound equipment, newspaper clippings, postcards, live video recordings, and live audio recordings. [53] The Hollywood Bowl Museum also features memorabilia and artifacts about the history of the Hollywood Bowl and performances.The Hollywood Bowl Museum features memorabilia and artifacts about the history of the Hollywood Bowl and performances. The museum includes the Hollywood Bowl Hall of Fame, whose honorees include John Williams, Reba McEntire, Garth Brooks, Stevie Wonder, Brian Wilson, Henry Mancini, Sarah Chang, Bernadette Peters, George Harrison, Frank Sinatra and more. [54] The Hollywood Bowl Museum offers free admission, free self guided tour options, free guided tour options and educational programs.The educational program, Music Mobile, is a volunteer program and offers musical instrument lessons to students twice a year. [52] If the Hollywood Bowl Museum is closed visitors can walk through "The Bowl Walk" which features historical photographs of the Hollywood Bowl. [52]



Hollywood Bowl Green Initiatives

"The Hollywood Bowl is the first amphitheater in California to be certified as an Audubon Society Cooperative Sanctuary." [57] Los Angeles Philharmonic Association and Los Angeles County are partners with the Hollywood Bowl and encourage recycling. The Hollywood Bowl has many recycling bins located throughout the venue. The Hollywood Bowl has also partnered with Los Angeles County Metropolitan Transportation authority since 1953 and provides the public with a green alternative to driving. Know Before You Go is provided as a detailed guide offering public transport information and free bike parking options. The Hollywood Bowl has waterless urinals and flush reducing toilets to preserve water as well as a satellite-based irrigation system to control water use. This irrigation system also provides water based on the needs of animal life. The Hollywood Bowl has stainless steel grates and water filters to keep its irrigation system clean. [57]

Animal Life


See also

Related Research Articles

The Los Angeles Philharmonic, commonly referred to as the LA Phil, is an American orchestra based in Los Angeles, California. It has a regular season of concerts from October through June at the Walt Disney Concert Hall, and a summer season at the Hollywood Bowl from July through September. Gustavo Dudamel is the current Music Director, Esa-Pekka Salonen is Conductor Laureate, Zubin Mehta is Conductor Emeritus, and Susanna Mälkki is Principal Guest Conductor. John Adams is the orchestra's current Composer-in-Residence.

Otto Klemperer German conductor and composer

Otto Nossan Klemperer was a German-born conductor and composer, described as "the last of the few really great conductors of his generation."

Zubin Mehta Indian conductor

Zubin Mehta is an Indian conductor of Western and Eastern classical music. He is music director emeritus of the Israel Philharmonic Orchestra (IPO) and is conductor emeritus of the Los Angeles Philharmonic.

Walt Disney Concert Hall Concert hall in Los Angeles, California, U.S.

The Walt Disney Concert Hall at 111 South Grand Avenue in downtown Los Angeles, California, is the fourth hall of the Los Angeles Music Center and was designed by Frank Gehry. It opened on October 24, 2003. Bounded by Hope Street, Grand Avenue, and 1st and 2nd Streets, it seats 2,265 people and serves, among other purposes, as the home of the Los Angeles Philharmonic orchestra and the Los Angeles Master Chorale. The hall is a compromise between a vinyard-style seating configuration, like the Berliner Philharmonie by Hans Scharoun, and a classical shoebox design like the Vienna Musikverein or the Boston Symphony Hall.

Michael Tilson Thomas American conductor, pianist and composer (b1944)

Michael Tilson Thomas is an American conductor, pianist and composer. He is currently music director of the San Francisco Symphony and artistic director of the New World Symphony, an American orchestral academy based in Miami Beach, Florida.

Dorothy Chandler Pavilion Opera house in Los Angeles, California, part of the Los Angeles Music Center, used by LA Opera

The Dorothy Chandler Pavilion is one of the halls in the Los Angeles Music Center, which is one of the three largest performing arts centers in the United States. The Music Center's other halls include the Mark Taper Forum, Ahmanson Theatre, and Walt Disney Concert Hall.

Bramwell Tovey British conductor and composer

Bramwell Tovey, is a British conductor and composer.

Charles Wakefield Cadman American composer

Charles Wakefield Cadman was an American composer. For 40 years he worked closely with Nelle Richmond Eberhart, who wrote most of the texts to his songs, including Four American Indian Songs, as well as the librettos for his five operas, two of which were based on Indian themes. He composed in a wide variety of genres.

Jean-Yves Thibaudet is a French pianist.

Gustavo Dudamel Venezuelan conductor and violinist

Gustavo Adolfo Dudamel Ramírez is a Venezuelan conductor and violinist. He is the music director of the Orquesta Sinfónica Simón Bolívar and the Los Angeles Philharmonic.

Los Angeles Children's Chorus (LACC) is a children's choral youth organisation based in Los Angeles. LACC has appeared in more than 300 performances with such organizations as the Los Angeles Opera, Los Angeles Philharmonic, Los Angeles Master Chorale, Hollywood Bowl Orchestra, Los Angeles Chamber Orchestra.

The Hollywood Bowl Orchestra (HBO) is a symphony orchestra which is managed by the Los Angeles Philharmonic Association and plays the vast majority of its performances at the Hollywood Bowl.

George Daugherty is an American conductor, director, producer, and writer.

David Alan Miller American conductor

David Alan Miller is a Grammy Award-winning American symphony orchestra conductor, and since 1992, music director of the Albany Symphony Orchestra. Miller served as assistant and associate conductor of the Los Angeles Philharmonic from 1987-92 and music director of the New York Youth Symphony from 1982-88. He is currently also Artistic Advisor to The Little Orchestra Society in New York City.

Frank Marocco musician

Frank L. Marocco was an American piano-accordionist, arranger and composer. He was recognized as one of the most recorded accordionists in the world.

JaffeHolden Acoustics

JaffeHolden Acoustics, Inc. is a consulting firm which delivers Architectural Acoustics, Audio and Video Systems, and Information Technologies design services. Its clientele includes performance venues, houses of worship, educational institutions, museums, cruise ships, and legislative buildings.

Mahalia Jackson Theater of the Performing Arts theater in in New Orleans, Louisiana

The Mahalia Jackson Theater of the Performing Arts is a theater located in Louis Armstrong Park in New Orleans, Louisiana. It was named after gospel singer Mahalia Jackson, who was born in New Orleans. The theater reopened in January 2009, after being closed since the landfall of Hurricane Katrina.

Kalil Wilson American singer

Kalil Amar Wilson is an American vocalist, pianist, songwriter, and ethnomusicologist. Wilson began singing as a child with the Oakland Youth Chorus, studied at the UC Berkeley Young Musicians Program, and graduated magna cum laude from the UCLA Music and Ethnomusicology Departments, being named "Distinguished Ethnomusicology Student" of his graduating class. There, renowned jazz guitarist and UCLA music professor Kenny Burrell wrote of Wilson, "A very special young talent with a unique sound that crosses through genres."

<i>Bugs Bunny on Broadway</i>

Bugs Bunny on Broadway is a concert musical featuring Looney Tunes characters such as Bugs Bunny, Daffy Duck, and Elmer Fudd. The production was conceived by George Daugherty, incorporating scores by Carl Stalling and Milt Franklyn.

The Chicago Philharmonic is an American orchestra based in Chicago, Illinois, governed by the Chicago Philharmonic Society. Founded in 1988 by principals of the Lyric Opera Orchestra of Chicago, it is a musician-governed, non-profit organization consisting of nearly 200 classical music performers from the Chicago area. Since 2013, the Artistic Director and Principal Conductor has been Scott Speck.


  1. Staff (13 December 2018). "10 Best Live Music Venues in America. From big rooms to intimate spaces, here's a selection of some of the country's best live music spots". Rolling Stone Magazine . Retrieved 23 December 2018.
  2. 1 2 "Hollywood Bowl History". Hollywood Bowl. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  3. "The Lost French Village of Hollywood". 2010-12-09.
  4. https://martinturnbull.com/2014/11/22/the-french-village-corner-of-highland-ave-cahuenga-blvd/
  5. "From Daisy Dell to the Hollywood Bowl, a Little Musical History for Summer". Kcet.org. 2011-06-23. Retrieved 18 January 2015.[ verification needed ]
  6. http://www.kcet.org/updaily/socal_focus/history/la-as-subject/from-daisy-dell-to-the-hollywood-bowl-34638.html [ verification needed ]
  7. 1 2 Jones, Isabel Morse (1936). Hollywood Bowl. New York, NY Los Angeles, CA: G.S Schirmer, Inc. pp. 141–148.
  8. 1 2 "Hollywood Bowl History". Hollywood Bowl. Retrieved 2019-03-05.
  9. "PCAD - Hollywood Bowl, Hollywood, Los Angeles, CA". pcad.lib.washington.edu. Retrieved 2020-06-10.
  10. "Hollywood Bowl History". Hollywood Bowl. Retrieved 2019-03-01.
  11. 1 2 H., Marcus, Kenneth (2004). Musical metropolis : Los Angeles and the creation of a music culture, 1880-1940. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN   1403964181. OCLC   54543818.
  12. H., Marcus, Kenneth (2004). Musical metropolis : Los Angeles and the creation of a music culture, 1880-1940. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. ISBN   1403964181. OCLC   54543818.
  13. Miranda, Carolina A. (January 9, 2019). "Lloyd Wright's Sowden House, possible Black Dahlia murder site, becomes a performance stage". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved 10 January 2019. It’s a feature that makes sense given that Wright also designed one of the original band shells for the Hollywood Bowl.
  14. Isenberg, Barbara. Conversations with Frank Gehry. Knopf, 2009, p. 107.
  15. "Hollywood Bowl". Hollywoodbowl.com. Archived from the original on 22 July 2010. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  16. "Muse Fountain". Hollywoodbowl.com. Archived from the original on 22 July 2010. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  17. "Hollywood Bowl Sculpture - Los Angeles CA - Living New Deal". Living New Deal. Retrieved 15 May 2018.
  18. "Hollywood Bowl Acoustics Project". Acentech.com. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  19. Don2yhatawe. "Hollywood Bowl Enhances its L-Acoustics System with New Amplified Controllers". L-Acoustics. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  20. Hurwitz, By Matt (October 2014). "The Hollywood Bowl: A Unique Blend of Natural Acoustics and Amplified Sound". Mixonline. Retrieved 2019-03-06.
  21. "Meet the Orchestra". Hollywood Bowl. Retrieved 2019-03-01.
  22. Jones, Isabel Morse (1936). Hollywood Bowl. New York, NY Los Angeles, CA: G.S Schirmer, Inc. pp. 158–161.
  23. "About the Hollywood Bowl". Hollywood Bowl.
  24. Scott Yanow. "Jazz at the Hollywood Bowl – Various Artists – Songs, Reviews, Credits, Awards – AllMusic". AllMusic. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  25. Wood, Mikael (October 16, 2015). "Q&A: Who's responsible for Jay Z, Jimmy Buffett and Kanye at the Bowl? Talk to these guys". Los Angeles Times .
  26. Palmer, A. Dean; Lush, Paige Clark (2013). "Blackstone, Tsianina Redfeather | Grove Music". www.oxfordmusiconline.com. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.A2248380 . Retrieved 2019-02-28.
  27. Koegel, John (2015). "Díaz [Diaz], Rafaelo | Grove Music". www.oxfordmusiconline.com. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.A2284191 . Retrieved 2019-02-28.
  28. "London [Burnstein, Burnson], George | Grove Music". www.oxfordmusiconline.com. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.16922 . Retrieved 2019-02-28.
  29. Ellison, Cori (2002). "Quartararo, Florence | Grove Music". www.oxfordmusiconline.com. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.O005501 . Retrieved 2019-02-28.
  30. Ainsworth, Ed., "Narration by Barrymore Highlight of Pageant", Los Angeles Times, Sept 13, 1950.
  31. Maxwell, Tom (November 2016). "The Story of 'Ella and Louis,' 60 Years Later". Longreads. Longreads.com. Retrieved 21 November 2016.
  32. Dyer, Richard; Forbes, Elizabeth (2001). "Harrell, Mack | Grove Music". www.oxfordmusiconline.com. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.42150 . Retrieved 2019-02-28.
  33. "Seigenthaler, Costa to Receive Honorary Degrees in May". University of Tennessee Knoxville News. March 1, 2013. Retrieved 2019-03-15.
  34. "Rock & Roll". Hollywood Bowl website. Hollywood Bowl. Archived from the original on 24 October 2010. Retrieved 11 October 2010.
  35. "All Songs +1: The Beatles Are Live and Sounding Better Than Ever".
  36. "Carreras, José | Grove Music". www.oxfordmusiconline.com. doi:10.1093/gmo/9781561592630.article.05014 . Retrieved 2019-02-28.
  37. "Playboy Jazz Festival". Playboyjazzfestival.com. Archived from the original on 2011-07-15. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  38. "The Who: Los Angeles, CA, Mon, 01 July 2002". Thewholive.net. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  39. "Cher's last stop: Hollywood Bowl". Los Angeles Times . February 1, 2005. Retrieved 3 December 2010.
  40. Wardrop, Murray (March 3, 2011). "Phil Collins calls time on music career". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
  41. Anderson, Eric (August 11, 2011). "On the Download: Phish at the Hollywood Bowl". Access Hollywood. Retrieved 2 October 2013.
  42. Vankin, Deborah (1 July 2016). "Garrison Keillor reflects at the Hollywood Bowl, rehearsing for final show: 'I just want it to be good' – LA Times". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved 3 July 2016.
  43. Stearns, Colby (19 September 2016). "Here come the robots: It's still fun to compute with Kraftwerk in its Hollywood Bowl debut – LA Times". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved 19 September 2016.
  44. "Jason Mraz's 40th Birthday Hollywood Bowl Celebration: The Best Moments". 2017-06-24.
  45. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2018-02-01. Retrieved 2018-11-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  46. "Watch Tom Petty Play 'American Girl' at His Final Concert". Rolling Stone . 2017-10-03. Retrieved 2017-10-07.
  47. Leight, Elias (May 30, 2017). "Lauryn Hill, Nas Announce North American Tour". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 17 August 2017.
  48. "Linkin Park & Friends - Celebrate Life in Honor of Chester Bennington". LinkinPark.com. September 18, 2017. Archived from the original on September 19, 2017. Retrieved September 18, 2017.
  49. "Googoosh at the Hollywood Bowl". farhang.org. May 12, 2018. Retrieved May 13, 2018.
  50. Gelt, Jessica (2020-05-13). "Hollywood Bowl season canceled for the first time in 98 years. So long, L.A. summer". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  51. Gelt, Jessica (2020-05-13). "The Hollywood Bowl domino effect: Layoffs and furloughs follow season cancellation". Los Angeles Times . Retrieved 2020-05-14.
  52. 1 2 3 "Hollywood Bowl Museum". LA Phil. Retrieved 2019-02-28.
  53. 1 2 "Museum". Hollywood Bowl. Retrieved 2019-02-28.
  54. "Hollywood Bowl Museum". Hollywood Bowl. Retrieved 24 November 2014.
  55. "Hollywood Hotel (1937)". IMDb. 15 January 1938. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  56. "Jed Buys The Freeway". Internet Archive. Retrieved 18 January 2015.
  57. 1 2 3 "Hollywood Bowl Green Initiatives". Hollywood Bowl. Retrieved 2019-02-28.
  58. "Hollywood Bowl Green Initiatives". Hollywood Bowl. Retrieved 2019-02-27.

Further reading