Elton John

Last updated

Sir

Elton John

CBE
Elton John 2011 Shankbone 2 (cropped).JPG
John at the 2011 Tribeca Film Festival
Born
Reginald Kenneth Dwight

(1947-03-25) 25 March 1947 (age 72)
Pinner, Middlesex, England
Occupation
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • pianist
  • composer
Years active1962–present
Spouse(s)
Renate Blauel
(m. 1984;div. 1988)

David Furnish
(m. 2014)
Children2
Musical career
Genres
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • piano
  • keyboards
  • guitar
Labels
Associated acts
Website eltonjohn.com

Sir Elton Hercules John CBE (born Reginald Kenneth Dwight; 25 March 1947) [1] is an English singer, songwriter, pianist, and composer. He has worked with lyricist Bernie Taupin since 1967; they have collaborated on more than 30 albums. John has sold more than 300 million records, making him one of the world's best-selling music artists. [2] [3] He has more than fifty Top 40 hits, as well as seven consecutive number-one albums in the United States, 58 Billboard Top 40 singles, 27 Top 10 singles, four of which reached number two and nine of which reached number one. His tribute single "Candle in the Wind 1997", rewritten in dedication to Diana, Princess of Wales, sold over 33 million copies worldwide and is the best-selling single in the history of the UK and US singles charts. [4] [5] [6] He has also produced records and occasionally acted in films. John owned Watford F.C. from 1976 to 1987 and from 1997 to 2002, and is an honorary Life President of the club.

Bernie Taupin British songwriter

Bernard John Taupin is an English lyricist, poet, and singer. He is best known for his long-term collaboration with Elton John, having written the lyrics for most of John's songs.

In the music industry, the top 40 is the current, 40 most-popular songs in a particular genre. It is the best-selling or most frequently broadcast popular music. Record charts have traditionally consisted of a total of 40 songs. "Top 40" or "contemporary hit radio" is also a radio format. Frequent variants of the Top 40 are the Top 10, Top 20, Top 30, Top 50, Top 75, Top 100 and Top 200.

Candle in the Wind 1997 song by Elton John

"Candle in the Wind 1997" is a song by Bernie Taupin and Elton John, a re-written and re-recorded version of their 1974 song "Candle in the Wind". It was released on 13 September 1997 as a tribute single to Diana, Princess of Wales, with the global proceeds from the song going towards Diana's charities. In many countries, it was pressed as a double A-side with Something About the Way You Look Tonight. The song was written by Bernie Taupin, produced by Sir George Martin, and is the best selling single in history.

Contents

Raised in the Pinner area of London, John learned to play piano at an early age, and by 1962 had formed Bluesology. He met his longtime musical partner Taupin in 1967, after they both answered an advert for songwriters. For two years they wrote songs for artists including Lulu, and John worked as a session musician for artists including the Hollies and the Scaffold. In 1969 John's debut album, Empty Sky , was released. In 1970 his first hit single, "Your Song", from his second album, Elton John , reached the top ten in the UK and the US. John has also had success in musical films and theatre, composing for The Lion King and its stage adaptation, Aida and Billy Elliot the Musical .

Pinner area of west London

Pinner is an affluent town in the London Borough of Harrow in northwest London, England, 12 miles (19 km) from Charing Cross. It is within the bounds of the historic county of Middlesex, and located close to the border with the borough of Hillingdon.

Bluesology was a 1960s English R&B popular music group, best remembered as being the first professional band of which Reginald Dwight – later known as Elton John – was a member.

Lulu (singer) Scottish singer, actress, and television personality

Lulu Kennedy-Cairns, OBE is a Scottish singer-songwriter, actress, TV personality and businesswoman.

John has received five Grammy Awards, five Brit Awards, an Academy Award, a Golden Globe Award, a Tony Award, a Disney Legends award, and the Kennedy Center Honor. In 2004 Rolling Stone ranked him 49th on its list of 100 influential musicians of the rock and roll era. [7] In 2013 Billboard ranked him the most successful male solo artist on the Billboard Hot 100 Top All-Time Artists, and third overall, behind the Beatles and Madonna. [8] He was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1994 and the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1992, and is a fellow of the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors. He was knighted by Elizabeth II for "services to music and charitable services" in 1998. [9] John has performed at a number of royal events, such as the funeral of Princess Diana at Westminster Abbey in 1997, the Party at the Palace in 2002 and the Queen's Diamond Jubilee Concert outside Buckingham Palace in 2012.

Grammy Award Accolade by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States

A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry. The trophy depicts a gilded gramophone. The annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest. The Grammys are the second of the Big Three major music awards held annually.

Brit Awards British pop music awards

The BRIT Awards are the British Phonographic Industry's annual popular music awards. The name was originally a shortened form of "British", "Britain", or "Britannia", but subsequently became a backronym for British Record Industry Trusts Show. In addition, an equivalent awards ceremony for classical music, called the Classic BRIT Awards, is held in the month of May. Robbie Williams holds the record for the most BRIT Awards, 13 as a solo artist and another five as part of Take That.

Tony Award awards for live Broadway theatre

The Antoinette Perry Award for Excellence in Broadway Theatre, more commonly known as the Tony Award, recognizes excellence in live Broadway theatre. The awards are presented by the American Theatre Wing and The Broadway League at an annual ceremony in Midtown Manhattan. The awards are given for Broadway productions and performances, and an award is given for regional theatre. Several discretionary non-competitive awards are also given, including a Special Tony Award, the Tony Honors for Excellence in Theatre, and the Isabelle Stevenson Award. The awards are named after Antoinette "Tony" Perry, co-founder of the American Theatre Wing. The trophy consists of a medallion, with a face portraying an adaptation of the comedy and tragedy masks, mounted on a black base with a pewter swivel.

John has been involved in the fight against AIDS since the late 1980s. [10] In 1992 he established the Elton John AIDS Foundation and a year later he began hosting his annual Academy Awards Party, which has since become one of the highest-profile Oscar parties in the Hollywood film industry. Since its inception the foundation has raised over £300 million. [11] John, who announced he was bisexual in 1976 and has been openly gay since 1988, entered into a civil partnership with David Furnish on 21 December 2005; they married after same-sex marriage became legal in England and Wales in 2014. Presenting John with France’s highest civilian award, the Legion d'honneur, in 2019, French President Emmanuel Macron called him a "melodic genius" and praised his work on behalf of the LGBT community. In 2018 John embarked on a three-year farewell tour. [12]

HIV/AIDS Spectrum of conditions caused by HIV infection

Human immunodeficiency virus infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) is a spectrum of conditions caused by infection with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Following initial infection, a person may not notice any symptoms or may experience a brief period of influenza-like illness. Typically, this is followed by a prolonged period with no symptoms. As the infection progresses, it interferes more with the immune system, increasing the risk of developing common infections such as tuberculosis, as well as other opportunistic infections, and tumors that rarely affect people who have uncompromised immune systems. These late symptoms of infection are referred to as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). This stage is often also associated with unintended weight loss.

Elton John AIDS Foundation organization

The Elton John AIDS Foundation (EJAF) is a nonprofit organization, established by rock musician Sir Elton John – in 1992 in the United States and 1993 in the United Kingdom – to support innovative HIV prevention, education programs, direct care and support services to people living with HIV.

Elton John AIDS Foundation Academy Award Party

The Elton John AIDS Foundation Academy Award Party is one of the annual parties held in Los Angeles following the Academy Awards ceremony the same evening. The first party was held in February 1993 at Maple Drive Restaurant and raised $300,000. It had been produced by Patrick Lippert, an AIDS activist who died of the disease just months later. In recent years it has been held at the Pacific Design Center and was attended by 650 people in 2009. It is hosted by Elton John and the AIDS Foundation, and is one of the most high-profile parties in the Hollywood film industry, particularly for people of British origin working in Hollywood films or the entertainment industry. The annual party contributes to the foundation fund by its high priced ticket sales which are given by invitation only and a celebrity auction. The 2010 party raised over $8 million or £4 million.

Early life

Elton John was born Reginald Kenneth Dwight on 25 March 1947 in Pinner, Middlesex, the eldest child of Stanley Dwight (1925–1991) and only child of Sheila Eileen (née Harris; 1925–2017), [13] [14] [15] and was raised in a council house in Pinner by his maternal grandparents. His parents married in 1945, [16] when the family moved to a nearby semi-detached house. [17] [18] [19] He was educated at Pinner Wood Junior School, Reddiford School and Pinner County Grammar School, until he was 17, when he left just prior to his A-Level examinations to pursue a career in music. [20] [21] [22]

Middlesex historic county of England

Middlesex is an historic county in southeast England. Its area is now almost entirely within the wider urbanised area of London. Its area is now also mostly within the ceremonial county of Greater London, with small sections in other neighbouring ceremonial counties. It was established in the Anglo-Saxon system from the territory of the Middle Saxons, and existed as an official administrative unit until 1965. The county is bounded to the south by the River Thames, and includes the rivers Colne and Lea and a ridge of hills as the other boundaries. The largely low-lying county, dominated by clay in its north and alluvium on gravel in its south, is the second smallest by area of England's historic counties, after Rutland.

Council house form of public or social housing in the UK and Ireland

A council house is a form of British public housing built by local authorities. A council estate is a building complex containing a number of council houses and other amenities like schools and shops. Construction was mainly from 1919 after the Housing Act 1919 to the 1980s, with much less council housing built in recent decades. There were local design variations, but they all adhered to local authority building standards.

Pinner County Grammar School was a grammar school in Pinner, Middlesex, from 1937 to 1982. In its latter years it became a college as Pinner Junior College and Pinner Sixth Form College.

When he began to consider a career in music seriously, John's father, who served as a flight lieutenant in the Royal Air Force, tried to steer him toward a more conventional career, such as banking. [20] John has said that his wild stage costumes and performances were his way of letting go after such a restrictive childhood. [22] Both his parents were musically inclined, his father having been a trumpet player with the Bob Millar Band, a semi-professional big band that played at military dances. [22] The Dwights were keen record buyers, exposing John to the popular singers and musicians of the day, and he has said he remembers being immediately hooked on rock and roll when his mother brought home records by Elvis Presley and Bill Haley & His Comets in 1956. [20] [21]

Flight Lieutenant is a junior commissioned rank in air forces that use the Royal Air Force (RAF) system of ranks, especially in Commonwealth countries. It has a NATO rank code of OF-2. Flight lieutenant is abbreviated as Flt Lt in the Indian Air Force (IAF) and RAF, and as FLTLT in the Pakistan Air Force (PAF), Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) and Royal New Zealand Air Force (RNZAF) and has sometimes also been abbreviated as F/L in many services; however, it has never been correctly abbreviated as "lieutenant". A flight lieutenant ranks above flying officer and below a squadron leader and is sometimes used as an English language translation of a similar rank in non-English-speaking countries.

Royal Air Force Aerial warfare service branch of the British Armed Forces

The Royal Air Force (RAF) is the United Kingdom's aerial warfare force. Formed towards the end of the First World War on 1 April 1918, it is the oldest independent air force in the world. Following victory over the Central Powers in 1918 the RAF emerged as, at the time, the largest air force in the world. Since its formation, the RAF has taken a significant role in British military history. In particular, it played a large part in the Second World War where it fought its most famous campaign, the Battle of Britain.

Elvis Presley American singer and actor

Elvis Aaron Presley, also known mononymously as Elvis, was an American singer, musician, and actor. Regarded as one of the most significant cultural icons of the 20th century, he is often referred to as the "King of Rock and Roll" or simply "the King".

John started playing his grandmother's piano as a young boy, [23] and within a year his mother heard him picking out Winifred Atwell's "The Skater's Waltz" by ear. [20] [21] After performing at parties and family gatherings, at age 7 he began formal piano lessons. He showed musical aptitude at school, including the ability to compose melodies, and gained some notoriety by playing like Jerry Lee Lewis at school functions. At age 11 he won a junior scholarship to the Royal Academy of Music. According to one of his instructors, John promptly played back, like a "gramophone record", a four-page piece by George Frideric Handel after hearing it for the first time. [21]

Elton John (known then as Reg Dwight) studied at the Royal Academy of Music in London for five years. Royal Academy of Music.jpg
Elton John (known then as Reg Dwight) studied at the Royal Academy of Music in London for five years.

For the next five years, he attended Saturday classes at the Academy in central London, and he has said he enjoyed playing Frédéric Chopin and Johann Sebastian Bach and singing in the choir during Saturday classes, but that he was not otherwise a diligent classical student. [21] "I kind of resented going to the Academy,” he said. "I was one of those children who could just about get away without practising and still pass, scrape through the grades." [21] He has said that he would sometimes skip classes and ride around on the London Underground. [21] Several instructors have attested that he was a "model student," and during the last few years he took lessons from a private tutor in addition to his classes at the Academy. [21]

John's mother, though strict with her son, was more vivacious than her husband, and something of a free spirit. With Stanley Dwight uninterested in his son and often absent, John was raised primarily by his mother and maternal grandmother. When his father was home, the Dwights had vehement arguments that greatly distressed John. [21] When he was 14, they divorced. His mother then married a local painter, Fred Farebrother, a caring and supportive stepfather whom John affectionately called "Derf" ("Fred" backwards). [21] They moved into flat No. 1A in an eight-unit apartment building called Frome Court, not far from both previous homes. There John wrote the songs that launched his career as a rock star; he lived there until he had four albums simultaneously in the American Top 40. [24]

Career

Pub pianist to staff songwriter (1962–1969)

At age 15, with his mother's and stepfather's help, John was hired as a pianist at a nearby pub, the Northwood Hills Hotel, playing Thursday to Sunday nights. [25] [26] Known simply as "Reggie", he played a range of popular standards, including songs by Jim Reeves and Ray Charles, as well as his own songs. [27] [28] A stint with a short-lived group called the Corvettes rounded out his time. [21] Although normal-sighted as a teenager, John began wearing horn-rimmed glasses to imitate Buddy Holly. [29] [30]

In 1962 John and some friends formed a band called Bluesology. By day he ran errands for a music publishing company; he divided his nights between solo gigs at a London hotel bar and working with Bluesology. By the mid-1960s Bluesology was backing touring American soul and R&B musicians like the Isley Brothers, Major Lance and Patti LaBelle and the Bluebelles. In 1966 the band became Long John Baldry's supporting band, and played 16 times at the Marquee Club. [31]

The 1910 piano on which Elton John composed his first five albums, including his first hit single, "Your Song" EltonJohnPiano.jpg
The 1910 piano on which Elton John composed his first five albums, including his first hit single, "Your Song"

In 1967 John answered an advertisement in the British magazine New Musical Express , placed by Ray Williams, then the A&R manager for Liberty Records. [32] At their first meeting Williams gave John an unopened envelope of lyrics written by Bernie Taupin, who had answered the same ad. [33] John wrote music for the lyrics, and then sent it to Taupin, beginning a partnership that still continues. When the two first met in 1967, they recorded the first Elton John/Bernie Taupin song, "Scarecrow". Six months later John began going by the name Elton John in homage to two members of Bluesology: saxophonist Elton Dean and vocalist Long John Baldry. [27] He legally changed his name to Elton Hercules John on 7 January 1972. [34]

The team of John and Taupin joined Dick James's DJM Records as staff songwriters in 1968, and over the next two years wrote material for various artists, among them Roger Cook and Lulu. [35] Taupin would write a batch of lyrics in under an hour and give it to John, who would write music for them in half an hour, disposing of the lyrics if he could not come up with anything quickly. [35] For two years they wrote easy-listening tunes for James to peddle to singers. Their early output included a contender for the UK entry for the Eurovision Song Contest 1969, for Lulu, called "I Can't Go On (Living Without You)". It came sixth of six songs. In 1969 John provided piano for Roger Hodgson on his first released single, "Mr. Boyd" by Argosy, a quartet that was completed by Caleb Quaye and Nigel Olsson. [36] [37]

Debut album to Goodbye Yellow Brick Road (1969–1973)

Elton John on stage in 1971 Elton John on stage.jpg
Elton John on stage in 1971

On the advice of music publisher Steve Brown, John and Taupin began writing more complex songs for John to record for DJM. The first was the single "I've Been Loving You" (1968), produced by Caleb Quaye, Bluesology's former guitarist. In 1969, with Quaye, drummer Roger Pope, and bassist Tony Murray, John recorded another single, "Lady Samantha", and an album, Empty Sky . For their follow-up album, Elton John , John and Taupin enlisted Gus Dudgeon as producer and Paul Buckmaster as musical arranger. Elton John was released in April 1970 on DJM Records/Pye Records in the UK and Uni Records in the US, and established the formula for subsequent albums: gospel-chorded rockers and poignant ballads. The album's first single, "Border Song", peaked at 92 on the Billboard Hot 100. The second, "Your Song", reached number seven in the UK Singles Chart and number eight in the US, becoming John's first hit single as a singer. [38] The album soon became his first hit album, reaching number four on the US Billboard 200 and number five on the UK Albums Chart. [38] [39]

Backed by former Spencer Davis Group drummer Nigel Olsson and bassist Dee Murray, John's first American concert took place at the Troubadour in Los Angeles on 25 August 1970, and was a success. [40] The concept album Tumbleweed Connection was released in October 1970, and reached number two in the UK and number five in the US. [38] The live album 17-11-70 (titled 11–17–70 in the US) was recorded at a live show aired from A&R Studios on WABC-FM in New York City. Sales of the live album took a blow in the US when an east-coast bootlegger released the performance several weeks before the official album, including all 60 minutes of the aircast, not just the 40 minutes selected by Dick James Music. [41]

Elton John at the Musikhalle Hamburg, in March 1972 Elton John Hamburg 1972 1603720004.jpg
Elton John at the Musikhalle Hamburg, in March 1972

John and Taupin then wrote the soundtrack to the 1971 film Friends and then the album Madman Across the Water , which reached number eight in the US and included the hit songs "Levon" and the album's opening track, "Tiny Dancer". In 1972 Davey Johnstone joined the Elton John Band on guitar and backing vocals. Released in 1972, Honky Château became John's first US number one album, spending five weeks at the top of the Billboard 200, and began a streak of seven consecutive US number-one albums. [42] The album reached number two in the UK, and spawned the hit singles "Rocket Man" and "Honky Cat". [43]

The pop album Don't Shoot Me I'm Only the Piano Player came out at the start of 1973 and reached number one in the UK, the US and Australia, among other countries. [38] The album produced the hits "Crocodile Rock", his first US Billboard Hot 100 number one, and "Daniel", which reached number two in the US and number four in the UK. [38] [44] The album and "Crocodile Rock" were respectively the first album and single on the consolidated MCA Records label in the US, replacing MCA's other labels, including Uni. [45]

Goodbye Yellow Brick Road , released in October 1973, gained instant critical acclaim and topped the chart on both sides of the Atlantic, remaining at number one for two months. [46] It also temporarily established John as a glam rock star. It contained the US number 1 "Bennie and the Jets", along with the hits "Goodbye Yellow Brick Road", "Candle in the Wind", "Saturday Night's Alright for Fighting" and "Funeral for a Friend/Love Lies Bleeding". Goodbye Yellow Brick Road is included in the VH1 Classic Albums series, in which the making, recording, and popularity of the album are discussed, with concert and home video footage, including interviews. [47]

The Rocket Record Company to 21 at 33 (1974–1980)

Elton John on the piano during a live performance in 1975 Elton John.jpg
Elton John on the piano during a live performance in 1975

John formed his own label, The Rocket Record Company (distributed in the US by MCA and initially by Island in the UK), and signed acts to it—notably Neil Sedaka (John sang background vocals on Sedaka's "Bad Blood") and Kiki Dee, in whom he took a personal interest. Instead of releasing his own records on Rocket, he signed an $8 million contract with MCA. When the contract was signed in 1974, MCA reportedly took out a $25 million insurance policy on John's life. [48] In 1974 MCA released Elton John's Greatest Hits , a UK and US number one that is certified Diamond by the RIAA for US sales of 16 million copies. [38] [49]

In 1974 John collaborated with John Lennon on his cover of the Beatles' "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds", the B-side of which was Lennon's "One Day at a Time." In return John was featured on "Whatever Gets You thru the Night" on Lennon's album Walls and Bridges . Later that year, in Lennon's last major live performance, the pair performed these two number-one hits, along with the Beatles' "I Saw Her Standing There", at Madison Square Garden in New York. Lennon made the rare stage appearance with John and his band to keep the promise he had made that he would appear on stage with him if "Whatever Gets You Thru The Night" became a US number one single. [50]

Caribou was released in 1974, becoming John's third number one in the UK, and topping the charts in the US, Canada and Australia. [38] [51] Reportedly recorded in two weeks between live appearances, it featured "The Bitch Is Back" and the orchestrated "Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me". [51] "Step into Christmas" was released as a stand-alone single in November 1973, and appears in the album's 1995 remastered reissue. [52]

Elton John often wore elaborate stage costumes as part of the glam rock era in the UK music scene. Elton john cher show 1975.JPG
Elton John often wore elaborate stage costumes as part of the glam rock era in the UK music scene.

Pete Townshend of the Who asked John to play the "Local Lad" in the 1975 film adaptation of the rock opera Tommy , and to perform the song "Pinball Wizard". Drawing on power chords, John's version was recorded and used in the movie. The song charted at number 7 in the UK. [38] Bally subsequently released a "Captain Fantastic" pinball machine featuring an illustration of John in his movie guise. [54]

The 1975 autobiographical album Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy debuted at number one in the US, the first album ever to do so, and stayed there for seven weeks. [55] John revealed his previously ambiguous personality on the album, with Taupin's lyrics describing their early days as struggling songwriters and musicians in London. The lyrics and accompanying photo booklet are infused with a specific sense of place and time that is otherwise rare in his music. "Someone Saved My Life Tonight" was the hit single from this album and captured an early turning point in John's life. The album's release signalled the end of the Elton John Band, as an unhappy and overworked John dismissed Olsson and Murray, two people who had contributed much of the band's signature sound and helped build his live following. [54]

According to Circus , a spokesman for John Reid said the decision was reached mutually via phone while John was in Australia promoting Tommy. [56] She said there was no way Reid could have fired them "because the band are not employed by John Reid, they're employed by Elton John." [56] She said Olsson would return to solo work and Murray would do session work "and possibly cut a solo album". [56]

Davey Johnstone and Ray Cooper were retained, Quaye and Roger Pope returned, and the new bassist was Kenny Passarelli; this rhythm section provided a heavier backbeat. James Newton Howard joined to arrange in the studio and to play keyboards. [57] In June 1975 John introduced the lineup before a crowd of 75,000 at London's Wembley Stadium. [57]

Elton John during a Captain Fantastic concert in 1975 Elton John nel 1975.jpg
Elton John during a Captain Fantastic concert in 1975

The rock-oriented Rock of the Westies entered the US albums chart at number 1, as had Captain Fantastic, a previously unattained feat. [55] John's stage wardrobe now included ostrich feathers, $5,000 spectacles that spelled his name in lights, and costumes such as the Statue of Liberty, Donald Duck, and Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. [58] In 1975 he received a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. [59]

To celebrate five years since he had first appeared at the venue, in 1975 John played a two-night, four-show stand at the Troubadour. With seating limited to under 500 per show, the chance to purchase tickets was determined by a postcard lottery, with each winner allowed two tickets. Everyone who attended the performances received a hardbound "yearbook" of the band's history. That year he also played piano on Kevin Ayers's Sweet Deceiver , and was among the first and few white artists to appear on the African-American television series Soul Train . [46] On 9 August 1975 John was named the outstanding rock personality of the year at the first annual Rock Music Awards in Santa Monica, California. [60]

In May 1976 the live album Here and There was released, followed in October by the album Blue Moves , which contained the single "Sorry Seems to Be the Hardest Word". His biggest success in 1976 was "Don't Go Breaking My Heart", a duet with Kiki Dee that topped a number of charts, including the UK, the US, Australia, France and Canada. [38] [61]

Elton John performing live with Ray Cooper in Dublin in 1979 Elton John 1.jpg
Elton John performing live with Ray Cooper in Dublin in 1979

Besides being John's most commercially successful period, 1970–1976 is also held in the highest regard critically. In the three-year span from 1972 to 1975 John saw seven consecutive albums reach number one in the US, something that had not been accomplished before. [46] All six of his albums to make Rolling Stone's 2003 list of "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time" are from this period, with Goodbye Yellow Brick Road ranked highest at number 91. [62]

In November 1977 John announced he was retiring from performing; Taupin began collaborating with others. Now producing only one album a year, John issued A Single Man in 1978 with a new lyricist, Gary Osborne; the album produced no singles that made the top 20 in the US but the two singles from the album released in the UK, "Part-Time Love" and "Song for Guy", both made the top 20 there, with the latter reaching the top 5. [38] In 1979, accompanied by Ray Cooper, John became one of the first Western artists to tour the Soviet Union and Israel. [63] [64] John returned to the US top ten with "Mama Can't Buy You Love" (number 9), a song MCA rejected in 1977, recorded with Philadelphia soul producer Thom Bell. [65] John said Bell was the first person to give him voice lessons and encouraged him to sing in a lower register. [66] A disco-influenced album, Victim of Love , was poorly received. In 1979 John and Taupin reunited, though they did not collaborate on a full album until 1983's Too Low For Zero . 21 at 33 , released the following year, was a significant career boost, aided by his biggest hit in four years, "Little Jeannie" (number 3 US), with the lyrics by Gary Osborne. [67]

The Fox to Sleeping with the Past (1981–1989)

Elton John performing in the 1980s Elton John in 1980s.jpg
Elton John performing in the 1980s

John's 1981 album The Fox was recorded during the same sessions as 21 at 33 , and included collaborations with Tom Robinson and Judie Tzuke. On 13 September 1980, with Olsson and Murray back in the Elton John Band, John performed a free concert to an estimated 400,000 fans on The Great Lawn in Central Park in New York. [68]

With original band members Johnstone, Murray and Olsson together again, John returned to the charts with the 1983 album Too Low for Zero , which included "I'm Still Standing" (No. 4 UK) and "I Guess That's Why They Call It the Blues", the latter of which featured Stevie Wonder on harmonica and reached number four in the US and number five in the UK. [38] [61] In October 1983 John caused controversy when he broke the United Nations' cultural boycott on apartheid-era South Africa by performing at Sun City. [69] He married his close friend and sound engineer, Renate Blauel, on Valentine's Day 1984; the marriage lasted three years. [70]

Elton John costume from the 1986 Tour de Force Australian concerts, on display in the Hard Rock Cafe, London Elton John costume.jpg
Elton John costume from the 1986 Tour de Force Australian concerts, on display in the Hard Rock Cafe, London

In 1985 John was one of the many performers at Live Aid, held at Wembley Stadium. [71] He played "Bennie and the Jets" and "Rocket Man"; then "Don't Go Breaking My Heart" with Kiki Dee for the first time since the Hammersmith Odeon on 24 December 1982; and introduced George Michael, still then of Wham!, to sing "Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me". [71] In 1984 he released Breaking Hearts , which featured the song "Sad Songs (Say So Much)", number five in the US and number seven in the UK. [38] John also recorded material with Millie Jackson in 1985. In 1986 he played the piano on two tracks on the heavy metal band Saxon's album Rock the Nations . [72]

In 1987 John won a libel case against The Sun , which published false allegations that he had had sex with rent boys. [73] In 1988 he performed five sold-out shows at Madison Square Garden in New York, giving him 26 for his career. [74] Netting over $20 million, 2,000 items of John's memorabilia were auctioned off at Sotheby's in London. [75]

John had other hits during the 1980s, including "Nikita", whose music video was directed by Ken Russell. The song reached number three in the UK and number seven in the US. In 1986 a live orchestral version of "Candle in the Wind" reached number six in the US, while "I Don't Wanna Go on with You Like That" reached number two there in 1988. [38] [61] John's highest-charting single was a collaboration with Dionne Warwick, Gladys Knight, and Stevie Wonder called "That's What Friends Are For". It reached number one in the US in 1985; credited as Dionne and Friends, the song raised funds for HIV/AIDS research. [61] His albums continued to sell, but of those released in the latter half of the 1980s, only Reg Strikes Back (number 16, 1988) placed in the top 20 in the US. [61]

"Sacrifice" to Aida (1990–1999)

In 1990 John achieved his first solo UK number one hit single, with "Sacrifice" (coupled with "Healing Hands") from the previous year's album Sleeping with the Past ; it stayed at the top spot for six weeks. [76] The following year, "Basque" won the Grammy for Best Instrumental, and a guest concert appearance at Wembley Arena John made on George Michael's cover of "Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me" was released as a single and topped the charts in both the UK and the US. [77] At the 1991 Brit Awards in London, John won Best British Male. [78]

In 1992 John released the US number 8 album The One , featuring the hit song "The One". [79] [80] He also released "Runaway Train", a duet he recorded with his longtime friend Eric Clapton, with whom he played on Clapton's World Tour. [81] John and Taupin then signed a music publishing deal with Warner/Chappell Music for an estimated $39 million over 12 years, including the largest cash advance in music publishing history. [82] In April 1992 John appeared at the Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert at Wembley Stadium, performing "The Show Must Go On" with the remaining members of Queen, and "Bohemian Rhapsody" with Axl Rose of Guns N' Roses and Queen's remaining members. [83] In September John performed "The One" at the 1992 MTV Video Music Awards and closed the ceremony performing "November Rain" with Guns N' Roses. [84] The following year he released Duets , which featured collaborations with 15 artists, including Tammy Wynette and RuPaul. This included a new collaboration with Kiki Dee, "True Love", which reached the Top 10 of the UK charts. [85] In the same year The Bunbury Tails, a multi-artist charity album, was released, which was the soundtrack to the British animated television series of the same name. "Up The Revolution" was John's track, alongside contributions from George Harrison, the Bee Gees and Eric Clapton. The album was issued briefly, and only in the UK. [86]

"For myself as well as for many others no-one has been there more for inspiration than Elton John. When we talk of great rock duos like Jimmy Page and Robert Plant, John (Lennon) and Paul (McCartney), Mick (Jagger) and Keith (Richards), I like to think of Elton John and Bernie Taupin. Also tonight I think that Elton should be honoured for his great work and contribution in the fight against AIDS. And also his bravery in exposing all the triumphs and tragedies of his personal life. "

Axl Rose speech inducting Elton John into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. [87]

Along with Tim Rice, John wrote the songs for the 1994 Disney animated film The Lion King . At the 67th Academy Awards three of the five nominees for the Academy Award for Best Song were from The Lion King soundtrack. John won the award for "Can You Feel the Love Tonight". [88] Both that and "Circle of Life" became hits. [89] [90] "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" also won the Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance at the 37th Annual Grammy Awards. [88] After the release of The Lion King soundtrack, the album remained at the top of Billboard 200 for nine weeks. On 10 November 1999 the RIAA certified The Lion King "Diamond" for selling 15 million copies. [91]

In 1994 John was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame by Guns N' Roses' frontman Axl Rose. [92] In 1995 he released the album Made in England (number 3). The title track is an autobiographical recounting of parts of his life. The album also featured the single "Believe". [93] John performed "Believe" at the 1995 Brit Awards and won the Outstanding Contribution to Music prize. [94]

Elton John with Luciano Pavarotti in Modena, 1996 Elton John with Luciano Pavarotti in Modena 1996.jpg
Elton John with Luciano Pavarotti in Modena, 1996

A duet with Luciano Pavarotti, "Live Like Horses", reached number nine in the UK in December 1996. [38] A compilation album, Love Songs , was released in 1996. [95] Early in 1997 John held a 50th birthday party, costumed as Louis XIV of France, with 500 friends. He performed with the surviving members of Queen in Paris at the opening night (17 January 1997) of Le Presbytère N'a Rien Perdu De Son Charme Ni Le Jardin De Son Éclat, a work by French ballet legend Maurice Béjart that draws upon the AIDS crisis and the deaths of Freddie Mercury and the company's principal dancer, Jorge Donn. Later in 1997 two close friends died: designer Gianni Versace was murdered, and Diana, Princess of Wales died in a Paris car crash on 31 August. [96]

In early September John asked Taupin to revise the lyrics of their 1973 song "Candle in the Wind" to honour Diana, and Taupin agreed. [97] On 6 September 1997 John performed "Candle in the Wind 1997" live for the only time at Diana's funeral in Westminster Abbey. [98] [99] The song became the fastest- and biggest-selling single of all time, eventually selling over 33 million copies worldwide, [91] [100] the best-selling single in UK chart history, [101] the best-selling single in Billboard history and the first single certified Diamond in the US, where it sold over 11 million copies. [5] [91] [102] The 2009 Guinness World Records states that the song is "the biggest-selling single since UK and US singles charts began in the 1950s, having accumulated worldwide sales of 33 million copies". [6] The song's proceeds of approximately £55 million were donated to Diana's charities via the Diana, Princess of Wales Memorial Fund. [103] It won the Grammy Award for Best Male Pop Vocal Performance at the 40th Annual Grammy Awards in 1998. [100] The song "Something About the Way You Look Tonight" was released as a double A-side. [99]

On 15 September 1997 John appeared at the Music for Montserrat charity concert at the Royal Albert Hall, performing "Your Song", "Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me" and "Live Like Horses" solo before finishing with "Hey Jude" alongside Paul McCartney, Eric Clapton, Phil Collins, Mark Knopfler and Sting. [104] In November 1997 John performed in the BBC's Children in Need charity single "Perfect Day", which reached number one in the UK. [105] John appeared in the Spice Girls film Spice World , released in December 1997. [106]

The Lion King musical debuted on Broadway in 1997 and the West End in 1999. In 2014 it had grossed over $6 billion and became the top-earning title in box-office history for both stage productions and films, surpassing the record previously held by Andrew Lloyd Webber's 1986 musical The Phantom of the Opera . [107] In addition to The Lion King, John composed music for a Disney's musical production Aida in 1999 with lyricist Tim Rice, for which they received the Tony Award for Best Original Score at the 54th Tony Awards, [108] and the Grammy Award for Best Musical Show Album at the 43rd Annual Grammy Awards. [109] [110] The musical had its world premiere at Atlanta's Alliance Theatre and went on to Chicago and eventually Broadway. John released a live compilation album, Elton John One Night Only – The Greatest Hits , featuring songs from the show he did at Madison Square Garden in New York City that same year. A concept album of songs from the musical Aida, Elton John and Tim Rice's Aida , was also released and featured the John duets "Written in the Stars" with LeAnn Rimes, and "I Know the Truth" with Janet Jackson. [111]

Billy Elliot the Musical and 60th birthday (2000–2009)

Elton John performs at the Skagerak Arena in Skien, June 2009 Elton John in Norway 4.jpg
Elton John performs at the Skagerak Arena in Skien, June 2009

By this time John disliked appearing in his own music videos; the video for "This Train Don't Stop There Anymore" featured Justin Timberlake portraying a young John, and the video for "I Want Love" featured Robert Downey, Jr. lip-syncing the song. [112] At the 2001 Grammy Awards John performed "Stan" with Eminem. [113] One month after the September 11 attacks, John appeared at the Concert for New York City, performing "I Want Love" as well as "Your Song" as a duet with Billy Joel. [114]

In August 2003 John's fifth UK number one single, "Are You Ready for Love", topped the charts. [115] Returning to musical theatre, John composed music for a West End production of Billy Elliot the Musical in 2005 with playwright Lee Hall. Opening to strong reviews, the show won four Laurence Olivier Awards, including Best New Musical. The 11th-longest-running musical in West End history, the London production ran through April 2016, with 4,566 performances. [116] as of December 2015Billy Elliot has been seen by over 5.25 million people in London and nearly 11 million people worldwide (on Broadway, in Sydney, Melbourne, Chicago, Toronto, Seoul, the Netherlands and São Paulo, Brazil etc.), grossed over $800 million worldwide and won over 80 theatre awards internationally. [117] John's only theatrical project with Taupin is Lestat: The Musical , based on Anne Rice's vampire novels. It received negative reviews from critics and closed in May 2006 after 39 performances. [118] John featured on rapper Tupac Shakur's posthumous single "Ghetto Gospel", which topped the UK charts in July 2005. [38]

Elton John has had two residencies at Caesars Palace, Las Vegas. The first, The Red Piano, ran from 2004 to 2009, and the second, The Million Dollar Piano (sign pictured) ran from 2011 to 2017. Caesars Palace Las Vegas Nevada 8286720132 o.jpg
Elton John has had two residencies at Caesars Palace, Las Vegas. The first, The Red Piano , ran from 2004 to 2009, and the second, The Million Dollar Piano (sign pictured) ran from 2011 to 2017.

In September 2003 John headlined the final night of the 100th birthday celebration of motorcycle manufacturer Harley Davidson, much to the disappointment of the 'biker' crowd, as he has neither ridden nor sung about motorcycles. [119] In October 2003 he announced that he had signed an exclusive agreement to perform 75 shows over three years at Caesars Palace on the Las Vegas Strip. The show, The Red Piano , was a multimedia concert featuring massive props and video montages created by David LaChapelle. Effectively, he and Celine Dion shared performances at Caesars Palace throughout the year; while one performed, the other rested. The first of these shows took place on 13 February 2004. [120] In February 2006 John and Dion sang together at the venue to raise money for Harrah's Entertainment Inc. workers affected by the 2005 hurricanes, performing "Sorry Seems to Be the Hardest Word" and "Saturday Night's Alright (for Fighting)." [121]

The Walt Disney Company named John a Disney Legend for his contributions to Disney's films and theatrical works on 9 October 2006. [122] Also in 2006 he told Rolling Stone that he planned for his next record to be in R&B and hip hop. "I want to work with Pharrell Williams, Timbaland, Snoop [Dogg], Kanye [West], Eminem and just see what happens", he said. [123] West sampled John’s “Someone Saved My Life Tonight” on his 2007 song “Good Morning” and in 2010 invited him to his Hawaii studio to play piano and sing on “All of the Lights.” [124]

Elton John on piano at the Concert for Diana, commemorating the 10 year passing of Princess Diana, at Wembley Stadium on 1 July 2007 EltonJohnDianaConcert.JPG
Elton John on piano at the Concert for Diana, commemorating the 10 year passing of Princess Diana, at Wembley Stadium on 1 July 2007

In March 2007 John performed at Madison Square Garden for a record-breaking 60th time for his 60th birthday; the concert was broadcast live and a DVD recording was released as Elton 60—Live at Madison Square Garden ; [125] a greatest-hits compilation CD, Rocket Man—Number Ones, was released in 17 different versions worldwide, including a CD/DVD combo; and his back catalogue—almost 500 songs from 32 albums—became available for legal paid download. [126]

On 1 July 2007 John appeared at the Concert for Diana at Wembley Stadium in honour of Diana, Princess of Wales on what would have been her 46th birthday, with the concert's proceeds going to Diana's charities as well as to charities of which her sons Prince William and Prince Harry are patrons. [127] [128] John opened the concert with "Your Song" and closed it with "Saturday Night's Alright For Fighting", "Tiny Dancer", and "Are You Ready For Love". [127]

On 21 June 2008 John performed his 200th show at Caesars Palace. A DVD/CD package of The Red Piano was released through Best Buy in November 2008. A two-year global tour was sandwiched between commitments in Las Vegas, some of the venues of which were new to John. The Red Piano Tour closed in Las Vegas in April 2009. [129] In a September 2008 GQ interview John said, "I'm going on the road again with Billy Joel again next year", referring to "Face to Face", a series of concerts featuring the two. The tour began in March. [130]

In 2009 John accepted Jerry Cantrell's invitation to collaborate with his band Alice in Chains. [131] John played the piano in the song "Black Gives Way to Blue", a tribute to the band's late lead singer, Layne Staley, which was the title track and closing song of the album Black Gives Way to Blue , released in September 2009. [132] The first concert Staley attended was one of John's, and his mother said he was blown away by it. [132] Cantrell added. "Elton is a very important musical influence to all of us in varying degrees, and especially to me. My first album was Elton John’s Greatest Hits. And actually, we were reminded by Layne's stepfather that Elton was his first concert, so it was all really appropriate. So I wrote [Elton] an e-mail and explained what his music meant to us, and that this song was for Layne. We sent him a demo, and he said it was beautiful and he’d love to play on it. In the studio he was really relaxed and gracious, and he's got a great sense of humor. We were just trying to be cool: 'Oh, yeah, no big deal.' But we were excited. [Drummer Sean Kinney] and I had to walk out a couple of times to smoke cigarettes, like, 'Holy shit, this is killer.' It's one of those highlights you can't expect in life, and you're lucky to get them once in a while. And that is one." [133] John said he had long admired Cantrell and couldn't resist the offer. [134] [135] "I was kind of surprised that Alice in Chains would ask me to do anything. I never thought I’d play on an Alice in Chains record. When I heard the song I really wanted to do it. I liked the fact that it was so beautiful and very simple. They had a great idea of what they wanted me to do on it and it turned out great", John said. [133]

The Union to Wonderful Crazy Night (2010–2018)

Elton John on World AIDS Day in Sydney, Australia on 1 December 2011 Elton John (8183493581).jpg
Elton John on World AIDS Day in Sydney, Australia on 1 December 2011

John performed a piano duet with Lady Gaga at the 52nd Annual Grammy Awards. [136] On 6 June 2010 he performed at the fourth wedding of conservative commentator Rush Limbaugh for a reported $1 million. [137] Eleven days later, and 17 years to the day after his previous performance in Israel, he performed at the Ramat Gan Stadium; this was significant because of other then-recent cancellations by other performers in the fallout surrounding an Israeli raid on Gaza Flotilla the month before. In his introduction to that concert, John said that he and other musicians should not "cherry-pick our conscience", in reference to Elvis Costello, who was to have performed in Israel two weeks after John did but cancelled in the wake of the aforementioned raid, citing his conscience. [138] [139]

John released The Union on 19 October 2010. He has said the album, a collaboration with American singer, songwriter and sideman Leon Russell, marked a new chapter in his recording career, saying: "I don't have to make pop records any more." [140] He began his new show The Million Dollar Piano at the Colosseum at Caesars Palace, Las Vegas on 28 September 2011 [141] and performed it there for the next three years. He performed his 3000th concert on 8 October 2011 at Caesars. [142] Also in 2011 John performed vocals on "Snowed in at Wheeler Street" with Kate Bush for her album 50 Words for Snow . [143] On 3 February 2012 he visited Costa Rica for the first time, performing at the recently built National Stadium. [144]

Elton John performing at the Allstate Arena, Chicago in November 2013 Elton John @ Allstate Arena, Chicago 11-30-2013 (11261271533).jpg
Elton John performing at the Allstate Arena, Chicago in November 2013

On 4 June 2012 John performed at the Elizabeth II's Diamond Jubilee Concert at Buckingham Palace, including "Your Song", "Crocodile Rock" and "I'm Still Standing". [145] On 30 June he performed in Kiev, Ukraine, at a joint concert with Queen + Adam Lambert for the Elena Pinchuk ANTIAIDS Foundation. [146] An album containing remixes of songs that he recorded in the 1970s, Good Morning to the Night , was released in July 2012. The remixes were conducted by Australian group Pnau and the album reached number one in the UK. [147] At the 2012 Pride of Britain Awards on 30 October, along with Michael Caine, Richard Branson, Simon Cowell and Stephen Fry, John recited Rudyard Kipling's poem "If—" in tribute to the 2012 British Olympic and Paralympics athletes. [148]

In February 2013 John performed a duet with singer-songwriter Ed Sheeran at the 55th Annual Grammy Awards. [149] Later in 2013 he collaborated with rock band Queens of the Stone Age on their sixth studio album, ...Like Clockwork , contributing piano and vocals on the song "Fairweather Friends". He said he was a fan of frontman Josh Homme's side project, Them Crooked Vultures, and had phoned Homme to ask if he could perform on the album. [150] In September 2013 John received the first Brits Icon Award for his "lasting impact" on the culture of the United Kingdom. [151] Rod Stewart presented him with the award on stage at the London Palladium before the two performed a duet of "Sad Songs (Say So Much)". [152] John's 31st album, The Diving Board , produced by T-Bone Burnett, was released in September 2013 and reached number three in the UK and number four in the US. [38] [153] In October 2015 it was announced he would release his 32nd studio album, Wonderful Crazy Night , on 5 February 2016. It too was produced by Burnett. [154] The album's first single, "Looking Up", was released in the same month. This album marked John's first full album recorded with his touring band since 2006's The Captain & the Kid . [155] He also had a major role, as himself, in the action sequel Kingsman: The Golden Circle , which was released in September 2017. [156]

Elton John performing a tribute to the late George Michael at Twickenham, London in June 2017 Elton John - Twickenham Stoop - Saturday 3rd June 2017 EltonTwicStoop030617-14 (34287287133).jpg
Elton John performing a tribute to the late George Michael at Twickenham, London in June 2017

On 26 January 2017 it was announced that John would compose the score for the Broadway musical version of the novel The Devil Wears Prada and its film adaptation, with Kevin McCollum as producer and Paul Rudnick writing the lyrics and story. The timeline for the musical is yet to be announced. [157] In June 2017 John appeared in the award-winning documentary The American Epic Sessions , directed by Bernard MacMahon. In the film he recorded live on the restored first electrical sound recording system from the 1920s. [158] [159] John composed and arranged a lyric by Taupin, “Two Fingers of Whiskey”, written specially for the film, live on camera with the help of Burnett and Jack White. [160] [161] Danny Eccleston in Mojo pointed out that “in one of the series’ most extraordinary moments, Elton John arrives toting a box-fresh lyric by Bernie Taupin and works it up in an instant, the song materializing in front of the viewers eyes before John and Jack White go for the take. There's the magic right there.” [162] “Two Fingers of Whiskey” was released on 9 June 2017 on Music from The American Epic Sessions: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack . [163]

2018–present: Rocketman biopic and retirement tour

On 24 January 2018 it was announced that John was retiring from touring and would soon embark on a three-year farewell tour. The first concert took place in Allentown, Pennsylvania, on 8 September 2018. John cited spending time with his children as the reason for his retirement: "Ten years ago if you asked me if I would stop touring I would have said no. But we had children and that changed our lives. I have had an amazing life and career but my life has changed. My priorities are now my children and my husband and my family." [164] Consisting of more than 300 concerts worldwide, the tour is expected to end in England in December 2020. [165] In September 2018 John reportedly signed an agreement with Universal Music Group (UMG) to represent his new music "for the rest of his career" in addition to his work from the last 50 years. [166] [167]

A biopic about John's life from his childhood through the 1980s, Rocketman , was produced by Paramount Pictures and released in May 2019. [168] It was directed by Dexter Fletcher, who directed Bohemian Rhapsody , a biopic about John's close friend Freddie Mercury; and stars Taron Egerton as John. [169] [170] John and Taron Egerton performed a new song written for Rocketman, "(I'm Gonna) Love Me Again," which premiered on BBC Radio 2 in 2019. [171] In October 2019, John will release his first official autobiography. [172] As part of his farewell tour, in June 2019 John was presented with France’s highest civilian award, the Legion d'honneur, by President Emmanuel Macron during a ceremony at the Élysée Palace in Paris. Macron called John a "melodic genius" and one of the first gay artists to give a voice to the LGBT community. [173]

On 25 June 2019 The New York Times Magazine listed John as one of hundreds of artists whose material was reportedly destroyed in the 2008 Universal fire. [174]

Musicianship

Elton John with Bernie Taupin (left) in 1971. They have collaborated on more than thirty albums to date. Elton John Bernie Taupin 1971.JPG
Elton John with Bernie Taupin (left) in 1971. They have collaborated on more than thirty albums to date.

Elton John has written with Bernie Taupin since 1967, when he answered an advertisement for talent placed in the popular UK music publication, New Musical Express , by Liberty records A&R man Ray Williams. [32] The pair have collaborated on more than 30 albums to date. [175] Their method involves Taupin writing the lyrics on his own, and John then putting them to music, with the two never in the same room during the process. Taupin writes a set of lyrics, then sends them to John, who then writes the music and records the song. [176] In November 2017 John said of their 50-year partnership, "we've never ever had an argument professionally or personally, which is extraordinary because most songwriters sometimes split up because they get jealous of each other. And it's exciting because it's never changed from the first day we wrote songs. I still write the song when he's not there and then I go and play it to him. So the excitement is still the same as it was from day one and that's kept it fresh and it's kept it exciting." [177]

In 1992, along with Taupin, John was inducted into the Songwriter's Hall of Fame. He is a fellow of the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors (BASCA). [178] His voice was once classed as a tenor; it is now a baritone. [21] His piano playing is influenced by classical music and gospel music. [179] He used Paul Buckmaster to arrange the music on his studio albums during the 1970s. [180]

Personal life

Sexuality and family

In the late 1960s John was engaged to be married to his first lover, secretary Linda Woodrow, who is mentioned in the song "Someone Saved My Life Tonight". [181] [182] He married German recording engineer Renate Blauel on 14 February 1984, in Darling Point, Sydney, with speculation that the marriage was a cover for his homosexuality. John had come out as bisexual in a 1976 interview with Rolling Stone , [181] [182] but after his divorce from Blauel in 1988, he told the magazine in 1992 that he was "quite comfortable about being gay." [183]

In 1993 John began a relationship with David Furnish, a former advertising executive and now filmmaker originally from Toronto. On 21 December 2005 (the day the Civil Partnership Act came into force) John and Furnish were among the first couples to form a civil partnership in the United Kingdom, which was held at the Windsor Guildhall. [184] After gay marriage became legal in England in March 2014, John and Furnish married in Windsor, Berkshire, on 21 December 2014, the ninth anniversary of their civil partnership. [185] [186] [187]

They have two sons. [188] The elder, Zachary Jackson Levon Furnish-John, was born to a surrogate mother on 25 December 2010 in California. [189] [190] The younger, Elijah Joseph Daniel Furnish-John, was born on 11 January 2013 to the same woman. [191] John also has ten godchildren, including Sean Lennon, David and Victoria Beckham's sons Brooklyn and Romeo, Elizabeth Hurley's son Damian Hurley, and Seymour Stein's daughter. [192]

In 2010 some Christian groups in the US criticised John after he described Jesus as a "compassionate, super-intelligent gay man who understood human problems". Bill Donohue, president of the Catholic League for Religious and Civil Rights and opponent of gay marriage, responded: "To call Jesus a homosexual is to label him a sexual deviant. But what else would we expect from a man who previously said, 'From my point of view, I would ban religion completely.'" [193]

In 2008 John said he preferred civil partnerships to marriage for gay people, [194] but by 2012 he changed his position and become a staunch supporter of same-sex marriage in the United Kingdom. "There is a world of difference between calling someone your 'partner' and calling them your 'husband'. 'Partner' is a word that should be preserved for people you play tennis with, or work alongside in business. It doesn't come close to describing the love that I have for David, and he for me. In contrast, 'husband' does", John said. [195] In 2014 he claimed Jesus would have been in favour of same-sex marriage. [196]

In 2013 John resisted calls to boycott Russia in protest at the Russian gay propaganda law, but told fans at a Moscow concert that the laws were "inhumane and isolating" and he was "deeply saddened and shocked over the current legislation". [197] In a January 2014 interview Russian President Vladimir Putin spoke of John in an attempt to show that there was no discrimination against gays in Russia, saying, "Elton John – he's an extraordinary person, a distinguished musician, and millions of our people sincerely love him, regardless of his sexual orientation." [198] John responded by offering to introduce Putin to Russians abused under Russian legislation banning "homosexual propaganda". [198] On 24 September 2015 the Associated Press reported that Putin called John and invited him to meet in the future to discuss LGBT rights in Russia. [199] Putin's call came just a few days after two pranksters phoned John, pretending to be Putin and his spokesman, and causing John to erroneously thank Putin for the call on John's Instagram account. [200]

Wealth

The lined drive to Elton John's home in Woodside in Old Windsor, Berkshire Tree lined drive to Woodside - geograph.org.uk - 555506.jpg
The lined drive to Elton John's home in Woodside in Old Windsor, Berkshire

In April 2009 the Sunday Times Rich List estimated John's wealth at £175 million (US$265 million) and ranked him the 322nd wealthiest person in Britain. [201] John was estimated to have a fortune of £195 million in the 2011 Sunday Times Rich List, making him one of the 10 wealthiest people in the British music industry. [202] Aside from his main home, Woodside, in Old Windsor, Berkshire, John owns residences in Atlanta, London, Los Angeles, Nice and Venice. His property in Nice is based on Mont Boron mountain. [203] John is an art collector and is believed to have one of the largest private photography collections in the world. [204]

In 2000 John admitted to spending £30 million in just under two years—an average of £1.5 million a month. Between January 1996 and September 1997, he spent more than £9.6m on property and £293,000 on flowers. [205] In June 2001 John sold 20 of his cars at Christie's, saying he never had the chance to drive them because he was out of the country so often. [206] The sale, which included a 1993 Jaguar XJ220, the most expensive at £234,750, and several Ferraris, Rolls-Royces, and Bentleys, raised nearly £2 million. [207] In 2003 John sold the contents of his Holland Park home—expected to fetch £800,000 at Sotheby's—to modernise the decoration and to display some of his contemporary art collection. [208] Every year since 2004 John has opened a shop called "Elton's Closet" in which he sells his secondhand clothes. [209]

Other

By 1975 the pressures of stardom had begun to take a serious toll on John. During "Elton Week" in Los Angeles that year, he had a cocaine overdose. [210] He also developed the eating disorder bulimia. In a 2002 CNN interview with Larry King, King asked if John knew of Diana, Princess of Wales's eating disorder. John replied, "Yes, I did. We were both bulimic." [211]

A longtime tennis enthusiast, he wrote the song "Philadelphia Freedom" in tribute to his friend Billie Jean King's World Team Tennis team, the Philadelphia Freedoms. King was a player-coach for the team at the time. John and King remain friends and co-host an annual pro-am event to benefit AIDS charities, most notably the Elton John AIDS Foundation, of which King is a chairperson. John, who maintains a part-time residence in Atlanta, Georgia, became a fan of the Atlanta Braves baseball team when he moved there in 1991. [212]

In 2015 John was named one of GQ's 50 best-dressed British men. [213] On 22 April 2017 John was discharged from hospital after two nights of intensive care for contracting "a harmful and unusual" bacterial infection during his return flight home from a South American tour in Santiago, Chile, and was forced to cancel all his shows scheduled for April and May 2017. [214]

Football

"At the 1984 Cup Final, the song 'Abide with Me' was played and that's why I cried. The song evokes my memory of childhood."

—Elton John on his emotions during the FA Cup Final's traditional pre-match hymn. [215]

Having supported Watford since growing up locally, Elton John became the club's chairman and director in 1976, appointing Graham Taylor as manager and investing large sums of money as the club rose three divisions into the English First Division. [216] The pinnacle of the club's success was finishing runners up in the First Division to Liverpool in 1983 and reaching the FA Cup Final at Wembley Stadium in 1984. John sold the club to Jack Petchey in 1987, but remained president. [217]

In 1997 John repurchased the club from Petchey and once again became chairman. He stepped down in 2002 when the club needed a full-time chairman, but continued as president. [217] Although no longer the majority shareholder, John still holds a significant financial interest. He held a concert at Watford's home stadium, Vicarage Road, in June 2005, donating the funds to the club, and another in May 2010. [217] He has remained friends with a number of high-profile players in football, including Pelé and David Beckham. [192] [218] From late 1975 to 1976 he was a part-owner of the Los Angeles Aztecs of the North American Soccer League. On 13 December 2014 he appeared at Watford's Vicarage Road with his husband and sons for the opening of the "Sir Elton John stand". [219] He called the occasion "one of the greatest days of my life". [219]

Political views

John announced his intention to vote Remain during the UK’s 2016 EU referendum on Instagram, sharing an image with the words “build bridges not walls” along with the caption “I'm voting to remain. #StrongerInEurope”. [220]

AIDS Foundation

John has said that he took risks with unprotected sex during the 1980s and considers himself lucky to have avoided contracting HIV. [221] In 1986 he joined with Dionne Warwick, Gladys Knight and Stevie Wonder to record the single "That's What Friends Are For", with profits donated to the American Foundation for AIDS Research. The song won the Grammy Award for Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals. In April 1990 John performed his 1968 ballad "Skyline Pigeon" at the funeral of Ryan White, a teenage haemophiliac he had befriended. [222]

Elton John and United States Secretary of State John Kerry discuss AIDS relief and the work of the Elton John AIDS Foundation at the United States Department of State in Washington, D.C., 24 October 2014 Secretary Kerry and Sir Elton John (1).jpg
Elton John and United States Secretary of State John Kerry discuss AIDS relief and the work of the Elton John AIDS Foundation at the United States Department of State in Washington, D.C., 24 October 2014

John became more closely associated with AIDS charities following the deaths of his friends Ryan White in 1990 and Freddie Mercury in 1991, raising large amounts of money and using his public profile to raise awareness of the disease. He founded the Elton John AIDS Foundation in 1992 as a charity to fund programmes for HIV/AIDS prevention, for the elimination of prejudice and discrimination against HIV/AIDS-affected individuals, and to provide services to people living with or at risk of contracting HIV/AIDS. This continues to be one of his passions. In 1993 he began hosting his annual Academy Award Party, which has become one of the highest-profile Oscar parties in the Hollywood film industry and has raised over US$200 million. [11]

To raise money for his AIDS charity, John annually hosts a White Tie & Tiara Ball on the grounds of his home in Old Windsor in Berkshire, to which many celebrities are invited. [223] The 9th annual White Tie & Tiara Ball took place on 28 June 2007. The menu consisted of a truffle soufflé followed by surf and turf and a giant Knickerbocker glory ice cream. An auction followed, emceed by Stephen Fry. A Rolls Royce 'Phantom' drophead coupe and a piece of Tracey Emin's artwork both raised £800,000 for the charity fund, with the total amount raised reaching £3.5 million. [224] Later John sang "Delilah" with Tom Jones and "Big Spender" with Shirley Bassey. [225] The 2011 guests included Sarah, Duchess of York, Elizabeth Hurley and George Michael (who performed "Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me" with John), and the auction raised £5 million, adding to the £45 million the Balls have raised for John's foundation. [223]

Honours and awards

Sir Elton John's coat of arms. Granted to him in 1987, the crest includes piano keys and records. The Spanish motto, "el tono es bueno", combines a pun on Elton John's name with the translation "the tone is good". The black, red and gold colours are also those of Watford F.C. The steel helmet above the shield faced forwards and with its visor open indicates that John is a knight. Coat of Arms of Sir Elton John, CBE.png
Sir Elton John's coat of arms. Granted to him in 1987, the crest includes piano keys and records. The Spanish motto, "el tono es bueno", combines a pun on Elton John's name with the translation "the tone is good". The black, red and gold colours are also those of Watford F.C. The steel helmet above the shield faced forwards and with its visor open indicates that John is a knight.

John was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in his first year of eligibility in 1994. He and Taupin had already been inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1992. John was appointed a Commander of the Order of the British Empire (CBE) in 1995. [227] For his charitable work he was knighted by Queen Elizabeth II on 24 February 1998. [228] [229] In October 1975 John became the 1,662nd person to receive a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame. [59]

John was awarded Society of Singers Lifetime Achievement Award in 2005. [230] He received a Kennedy Center Honor in 2004 and a Disney Legends Award in 2006. In 2000 he was named the MusiCares Person of the Year for his artistic achievement in the music industry and dedication to philanthropy. [231] In 2010 he received the PRS for Music Heritage Award, which was erected on The Namaste Lounge Pub in Northwood, London, where John performed his first gig. [232] In 2019 President Emmanuel Macron appointed John a chevalier of the Legion of Honour. [173]

Music awards include the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" from The Lion King , the 1994 Golden Globe Award for Best Original Song for "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" from The Lion King, and the 2000 Tony Award for Best Original Score for Aida, all of which he shared with Tim Rice. He has also received five Brit Awards, including the 1991 award for Best British Male, and awards for Outstanding Contribution to Music in 1986 and 1995. In 2013 John received the first Brits Icon award in recognition of his "lasting impact" on UK culture, which was presented to him by his close friend Rod Stewart. [151] [233]

Academy Awards

YearNominee / workAwardResult
1995 "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" Best Original Song Won
"Circle of Life"Nominated
"Hakuna Matata"

Brit Awards

YearNominee / workAwardResult
1977Himself Best British Male Nominated
Goodbye Yellow Brick Road Best British Album
1984Himself Best British Male
1986
Outstanding Contribution to MusicWon
1991 Best British Male
Sleeping with the Past Best British Album Nominated
1993 The One
Himself Best British Male
1995 Outstanding Contribution to MusicWon
1998 Freddie Mercury Award
Best British Male Nominated
"Candle in the Wind 1997" Best British Single
2002 "I Want Love" Best British Video
Himself Best British Male
2013 Brits IconWon

Grammy Awards

YearNominee / workAwardResult
1971 Himself Best New Artist Nominated
Elton John Album of the Year
Best Contemporary Male Vocalist
1972 Friends Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture
1974 "Daniel" Best Male Pop Vocal Performance
1975 "Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me"
Record of the Year
Caribou Album of the Year
1976 Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy
Best Male Pop Vocal Performance
1977 "Don't Go Breaking My Heart" with Kiki Dee Best Male Pop Vocal Performance
1980 "Mama Can't Buy You Love"Best R&B Vocal Performance – Male
1983 "Blue Eyes" Best Male Pop Vocal Performance
1985 "Restless"
1987 "That's What Friends Are For" Record of the Year
Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Won
1988 "Candle in the Wind" (live) Best Male Pop Vocal Performance Nominated
1992 "Basque" Best Instrumental Composition Won
1993 "Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me" with George Michael Best Pop Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal Nominated
"The One" Best Male Pop Vocal Performance
1995 "Can You Feel the Love Tonight" Song of the Year
Best Male Pop Vocal Performance Won
Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or for Television Nominated
"Circle of Life"
Song of the Year
1996 "Believe" Best Male Pop Vocal Performance
1998 "Candle in the Wind 1997"Won
1999 Himself Grammy Legend Award
2001 Elton John & Tim Rice's Aida Best Musical Show Album
2002 Songs from the West Coast Best Pop Vocal AlbumNominated
"I Want Love" Best Male Pop Vocal Performance
2003 "Original Sin"
2005 "Sorry Seems to Be the Hardest Word" with Ray Charles Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals
2011 "If It Wasn't for Bad" with Leon Russell

Ivor Novello Awards

YearNominee / workAwardResult
1974"Daniel"Best Song Musically and LyricallyWon
1977"Don't Go Breaking My Heart"The Best Pop Song
International Hit of the YearNominated
Most Performed Work
1979"Song for Guy"Best Instrumental or Popular Orchestral WorkWon
1986HimselfOutstanding Contribution to British Music
"Nikita"International Hit of the YearNominated
Best Song Musically and LyricallyWon
1991"Sacrifice"
Best Selling A-Side
1995"Circle of Life"Best Song Included in Film
1998"Candle in the Wind 1997"Best Selling UK Single
2000HimselfInternational Achievement in Musical Theater
2007"I Don't Feel Like Dancin'"Most Performed Work
International Hit of the YearNominated

Juno Awards

YearNominee / workAwardResult
1986 "Nikita"International Single of the YearNominated

MTV Video Music Awards

YearNominee / workAwardResult
1984 "I'm Still Standing" Best Choreography Nominated
Best Editing
1985 "Sad Songs (Say So Much)" Best Choreography
1987 HimselfSpecial Recognition AwardWon
1995 "Believe" Best Male Video Nominated
2002 "This Train Don't Stop There Anymore" Best Direction
Best Male Video

MVPA Awards

YearNominee / workAwardResult
2002"This Train Don't Stop There Anymore"Best HairWon
2003"Original Sin"Best Adult Contemporary Video

NRJ Music Awards

YearNominee / workAwardResult
2003"Sorry Seems to Be the Hardest Word" with Blue International Song of the YearWon

Tony Awards

YearNominee / workAwardResult
1998 The Lion King Best Original Musical ScoreNominated
2000 Aida Won
2009 Billy Elliot the Musical Nominated
2010 Next Fall Best Play (as producer)

Elton John Band

The Elton John Band performing on 15 March 2012. Left to right: John, Johnstone, Birch, and (not pictured, right), Olsson and Cooper Rlton John Band 2012.jpg
The Elton John Band performing on 15 March 2012. Left to right: John, Johnstone, Birch, and (not pictured, right), Olsson and Cooper

Since 1970, John's band, of which he is the pianist and lead singer, has been known as the Elton John Band. [234] [235] The band has had multiple line-up changes, but Nigel Olsson, Davey Johnstone, and Ray Cooper have been members (albeit non-consecutively) since 1969, 1971 and 1974 respectively. Olsson left the band in 1984 but rejoined in 2000. [236] [237] Cooper has worked on and off with the Elton John Band because he maintains obligations to other musicians as a session player and sideman as a road-tour percussionist. [238]

Current members

Previous band members

Discography

Studio albums

Collaboration albums

Soundtrack albums

Filmography

Related Research Articles

<i>Dont Shoot Me Im Only the Piano Player</i> 1972 album by Elton John

Don't Shoot Me I'm Only the Piano Player is the sixth studio album by Elton John. Released in January, 1973 by DJM Records, it was John's sixth normal studio album release, and was his second straight No. 1 album in the US, yielding his first No. 1 single in both the US and Canada: "Crocodile Rock". "Daniel" was also a major hit from the album, giving him his second Canadian No. 1 single on the RPM Top Singles Chart and just missing the top slot south of the border, still reaching a successful No. 2 on the US Billboard Hot 100 and reaching No. 4 in the UK, one place higher than achieved by "Crocodile Rock".

<i>Goodbye Yellow Brick Road</i> 1973 album by Elton John

Goodbye Yellow Brick Road is the seventh studio album by Elton John, released in 1973. The album has sold more than 30 million copies worldwide and is widely regarded as John's best. Among the 17 tracks, the album contains the hits "Candle in the Wind", "Bennie and the Jets", "Goodbye Yellow Brick Road" and "Saturday Night's Alright for Fighting" plus live favorites "Funeral for a Friend/Love Lies Bleeding" and "Harmony".

<i>Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy</i> 1975 studio album by Elton John

Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy is the ninth studio album by Elton John. The album is an autobiographical account of the early musical careers of Elton John and Bernie Taupin. It was released in May 1975 by MCA in America and DJM in the UK. It debuted at number 1 on the US Billboard 200, the first album to do so, reportedly selling 1.4 million copies in its first 4 days of release, and stayed in that position for seven weeks. Though they would all appear on later albums as guest musicians, this was the last album with the original lineup of the Elton John Band. Murray and Olsson, who had formed John's rhythm section since 1970, were sacked prior to the recording of the follow-up album Rock of the Westies, while Johnstone would leave in 1978. This was the last album until Too Low for Zero that Elton John and his classic band would play on together.

<i>Rock of the Westies</i> 1975 studio album by Elton John

Rock of the Westies is the tenth studio album by English musician Elton John, released in October 1975. As with Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy, Rock of the Westies debuted on the US Billboard 200 chart at No. 1, the only two albums at that time to have done so. It was less successful in the artist's home territory of the UK, where it reached No. 5 on the UK Albums Chart. Robert Christgau ranked it as No. 7 on his list of the best albums of 1975. The title is a play on the phrase "West of the Rockies", the album having been recorded at Caribou Ranch in the Rocky Mountains of Colorado.

<i>A Single Man</i> (album) 1978 album by Elton John

A Single Man, released in 1978, is the twelfth studio album release for Elton John. It is the first album where Gary Osborne replaced Bernie Taupin as lyricist. It is also the only Elton John album to not have any tracks co-written by Bernie Taupin on the original cut.

"Tiny Dancer" is a song by Elton John with lyrics by Bernie Taupin. It appears on John's fourth album, Madman Across the Water, and was released as a single in 1972. In the U.S. it was certified Gold on 19 May 2005, and Platinum on 19 August 2011, and 3x Platinum on 26 April 2018 by the Recording Industry Association of America. In the UK, "Tiny Dancer" has been certified Gold on 17 August 2018 by the British Phonographic Industry (BPI) for sales of 400,000 copies, despite never being released as an official single. Back-up vocals are provided by Tony Burrows. The song was popularized after being featured in the 2000 film Almost Famous.

Your Song 1970 single by Elton John

"Your Song" is a song composed and performed by English musician Elton John with lyrics by his longtime collaborator, Bernie Taupin. It originally appeared on John's eponymous second studio album. The song was released in the United States in October 1970 as the B-side to "Take Me to the Pilot". Both songs received airplay, but "Your Song" was preferred by disc jockeys and replaced "Take Me to the Pilot" as the A-side, eventually making it to number eight on the Billboard chart. The song also peaked at number seven on the UK Singles Chart, as well as charting in the top 10 in several other countries.

<i>The Fox</i> (Elton John album) 1981 studio album by Elton John

The Fox is the fifteenth studio album by English singer Elton John, released in 1981. With sales of approx. 300,000 US copies, it was one of Elton's poorest-selling albums in the United States.

Goodbye Yellow Brick Road (song) song by Elton John

"Goodbye Yellow Brick Road" is a ballad performed by musician Elton John and the title track on his 1973 album. The song's music was composed by John, while the lyrics were written by Bernie Taupin. Its musical style and production was heavily influenced by 1970s soft rock. It was widely praised by critics, and some critics have named it John's best song.

Saturday Nights Alright for Fighting 1973 single by Elton John

"Saturday Night's Alright for Fighting" is a song originally recorded by British musician Elton John. John composed it with his long-time song-writing partner Bernie Taupin. It was released on John's 1973 studio album Goodbye Yellow Brick Road and as the first single. The song is one of John's most critically and commercially successful singles, a No. 7 hit record in the United Kingdom. It has been covered by W.A.S.P., Flotsam and Jetsam, Nickelback, Queen, The Who, Fall Out Boy, Verbal Abuse, and several others. It has also been sampled in the hit "Gloria" by Umberto Tozzi in 1979.

Sacrifice (song) song by Elton John

"Sacrifice" is a ballad performed by musician Elton John. The lyrics are by Bernie Taupin and the music by John. The song appears on the 1989 album Sleeping with the Past. It was first released in October 1989, then in 1990, and was the second single from the album. It achieved success, particularly in France and the UK, where it became his first solo chart-topper, spending five weeks at the top.

Dont Let the Sun Go Down on Me 1974 single by Elton John

"Don't Let the Sun Go Down on Me" is a song written by English singer Elton John and his lyricist Bernie Taupin. It was originally recorded in 1974 by Elton John for his studio album Caribou and was released as a single that peaked at number two on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and reached number 16 on the UK Singles Chart. The song found further success in 1991 in a live cover version recorded as a duet between John and George Michael, which reached number one in the UK and US.

Dont Go Breaking My Heart 1976 single by Elton John and Kiki Dee

"Don't Go Breaking My Heart" is a duet by Elton John and Kiki Dee. It was written by Elton John with Bernie Taupin under the pseudonyms "Ann Orson" and "Carte Blanche", respectively, and intended as an affectionate pastiche of the Motown style, notably the various duets recorded by Marvin Gaye and singers such as Tammi Terrell and Kim Weston. It must not be confused with the Burt Bacharach/Hal David song of the same title recorded in 1965 by Dionne Warwick for the album Here I Am.

I Guess Thats Why They Call It the Blues single

"I Guess That's Why They Call It the Blues" is a song by English singer Elton John, with music by John and Davey Johnstone and lyrics by Bernie Taupin. In the United States, it became one of John's biggest hits of the 1980s, holding at #2 for four weeks on the Adult Contemporary chart, and reaching #4 on the Billboard Hot 100.

The Bitch Is Back single

"The Bitch Is Back" is a rock song by Elton John, written with lyrics from Bernie Taupin. It was the second single released from his 1974 album Caribou, and reached number 1 in Canada, number 4 in the United States and number 15 in the United Kingdom. With lyrics parodying John's celebrity lifestyle, the song has been identified as one of his best hard rock cuts. In the U.S., it was certified Gold on 13 September 1995 by the Recording Industry Association of America.

<i>The Diving Board</i> 2013 studio album by Elton John

The Diving Board is the twenty-ninth studio album by British singer-songwriter Elton John. It is the second of his studio releases since 1979's Victim of Love without any of his regular band members. The album was released in the United Kingdom on 16 September 2013, and debuted at No. 3 on the UK album chart, his highest-charting studio album in that country since 2001's Songs from the West Coast, and at No. 4 on the Billboard 200. It is also his highest-charting solo album in the United States since Blue Moves in 1976. However, after just eight weeks the album fell off the charts completely.

Rocket Man (song) song with music by Elton John and lyrics by Bernie Taupin

"Rocket Man" is a song composed by Elton John and Bernie Taupin and originally performed by Elton John. The song first appeared on Elton John's 1972 album Honky Château and became a hit single, rising to No. 2 in the UK and No. 6 in the US. On 5 October 2018, the song was certified Gold by the British Phonographic Industry for sales of 400,000 digital downloads. The song was certified 3 times platinum in US as well.

Revamp: Reimagining the Songs of Elton John & Bernie Taupin and Restoration: Reimagining the Songs of Elton John and Bernie Taupin are two tribute albums to English performer Elton John and his frequent songwriting partner Bernie Taupin. Both released on 6 April 2018, Revamp was described as John's project and features covers of the duo's back catalogue by pop, rock and R&B artists, whereas Restoration was seen as Taupin's project and features covers by country music artists. Revamp was released via Island Records and Restoration by Universal Music Group Nashville. The release of the albums coincided with John's 2018–2020 Farewell Yellow Brick Road tour.

References

  1. Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Artist Biography [Elton John]". AllMusic . Retrieved 31 March 2014.
  2. Gundersen, Edna (23 September 2013). "Elton still standing for gay rights, home, Tammy Faye". USA Today . Retrieved 1 October 2013.
  3. Gundersen, Edna (3 October 2013). "Russian Imam against Elton John Concert". The Hollywood Reporter . Retrieved 4 October 2013.
  4. "RIAA News Room – The American Recording Industry Announces its Artists of the Century". Recording Industry Association of America website. RIAA. 10 November 1999. Archived from the original on 6 October 2014. Retrieved 8 February 2010. 'Candle in the Wind 1997' soon surpassed Bing Crosby's 'White Christmas' to become the best-selling single of all time.
  5. 1 2 "Elton John: Biography – Rolling Stone Music". Rolling Stone . Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  6. 1 2 Guinness World Records 2009 states that "Candle in the Wind 1997" is the "best-selling single since charts began". John's 1997 song has sold the most copies when looking at copies sold since charts began, as verified in Guinness World Records. ISBN   1-904994-37-7. See also: Guinness World Records, 2009 Edition, pages 14, 15 & 169 Archived 26 February 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  7. "The Immortals: The First Fifty". Rolling Stone. 2 December 2010.
  8. "Hot 100 55th Anniversary by the Numbers: Top 100 Artists, Most No. 1s, Biggest No. 2s & More". Billboard. 2 August 2013. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  9. "About: All About Elton: Bio". Elton John. Archived from the original on 15 July 2010. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
  10. "Elton John AIDS Foundation". Ejaf.org. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
  11. 1 2 Butterworth, Benjamin (22 June 2019). "Sir Elton John emotional as he is awarded France's Legion d'Honneur for HIV Aids work". i News . Retrieved 8 July 2019.
  12. Writer, Mesfin Fekadu AP Music. "A confident Elton John kicks off farewell tour with flair".
  13. Barratt, Nick (22 November 2006). "Family Detective: Elton John". The Daily Telegraph . London. Retrieved 26 March 2015.
  14. "Sir Elton John 'in shock' after his mother dies aged 92". BBC News. 4 December 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  15. "Sir Elton John's father didn't approve of his career path". NZ Herald. Retrieved 12 November 2018.
  16. GRO Register of Marriages: MAR 1945 3a 1257 Dwight Stanley = Harris Sheila E
  17. "55 Pinner Hill Road". On This Very Spot. 25 March 1947. Retrieved 25 February 2009.
  18. Barratt, Nick (24 November 2006). "Family detective: Elton John". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved 25 February 2009.
  19. "111 Potter Street". On This Very Spot. 15 July 2007. Retrieved 25 February 2009.
  20. 1 2 3 4 Norman, Philip (1991). Elton John. Fireside. ISBN   0671797298.
  21. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Elizabeth Rosenthal, His Song: The Musical Journey of Elton John, Billboard Books, 2001.
  22. 1 2 3 Goodall, Nigel (1993). Elton John: The Visual Documentary. Omnibus Press. ISBN   0-7119-3078-3.
  23. "Tear-Jerker British Ad Re-Creates Elton John's Christmas Past". NPR.org. Retrieved 18 November 2018.
  24. "Frome Court". On This Very Spot. 3 April 2007. Retrieved 25 February 2009.
  25. Music. Atlanta Magazine. June 2003. p. 76. Retrieved 15 January 2016.
  26. "Northwood Hills Pub – On This Very Spot". onthisveryspot.com. Retrieved 3 February 2010.
  27. 1 2 "Elton John". Spectacle. Season 1. Episode 1. 2008. Archived from the original on 28 April 2009.
  28. Bernardin & Stanton 1996, p. 70.
  29. Goldrosen, John (1979). The Buddy Holly Story. p. 8. Quick Fox.
  30. “Why Buddy Holly will never fade away”. The Telegraph. Retrieved 3 February 2019
  31. "The Marquee Club: Long John Baldry – Biography". themarqueeclub.net. Archived from the original on 4 July 2010. Retrieved 25 May 2010.
  32. 1 2 Bessman, Jim (4 October 1997). 30 Years of Music: Elton John with Bernie Taupin. Billboard. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  33. Elton John. Elton John Takes Stephen Through His Entire Catalogue. The Late Show with Stephen Colbert. Event occurs at 3:00.
  34. “Change of Name”. London Gazette. Retrieved 28 October 2018
  35. 1 2 Vinita (2005). Profiles in Popular Music. Sura Books. p. 79. ISBN   978-81-7478-638-8.
  36. Joynson, Vernon (1995). The Tapestry of Delights Archived 30 November 2011 at the Wayback Machine . London: Borderline Books. See entry on "Argosy".
  37. "Roger Hodgson of Supertramp". Ctv.ca. Archived from the original on 20 January 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  38. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 "Elton John: UK Chart History" Archived 14 February 2015 at the Wayback Machine . Official Charts Company. Retrieved 3 December 2014
  39. Bernardin & Stanton 1996, p. 116.
  40. Bernardin & Stanton 1996, p. 152.
  41. Heylin, Clinton (1996). Bootleg: The Secret History of the Other Recording Industry. New York: St. Martin's Griffin. p. 66. ISBN   0-312-14289-7.
  42. "Elton John Biography: Rock and Roll Hall of Fame" Archived 19 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine . Rock Hall. Retrieved 3 December 2014
  43. Stephen Thomas Erlewine Honky Chateau (Bonus Track) – Elton John AllMusic
  44. Dean, Maury (2003). Rock N' Roll Gold Rush. Algora. p. 46. ISBN   0-87586-207-1.
  45. Holden, S. (15 March 1973). "Don't Shoot Me I'm Only The Piano Player". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  46. 1 2 3 Redbeard (2009). "Elton John –Goodbye Yellow Brick Road". In the Studio With Redbeard, Interviews With Famous Musicians. Barbarosa Ltd. Production. pp. Studio Interview with Elton John. Retrieved 13 September 2009.
  47. Billboard Magazine. 7 October 2006. p. 9
  48. Elton John | Rolling Stone Music [ dead link ] 2001 encyclopedia. Rolling Stone
  49. "RIAA – Diamond Awards" (PHP). riaa.com. Retrieved 5 January 2015.
  50. Jeff Woolf, Scott Jennings and James L. Halperin (Editor) Icons of 20th Century Music: Heritage-Odyssey Auction Archived 26 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine Heritage Capital Corporation
  51. 1 2 "Elton John – Caribou Album". Artists.letssingit.com. 17 July 2008. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
  52. Stephen Thomas Erlewine "Caribou" Archived 15 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine . AllMusic. Retrieved 10 December 2014
  53. P. Auslander, "Watch that man David Bowie: Hammersmith Odeon, London, July 3, 1973" in I. Inglis, ed., Performance and Popular Music: History, Place and Time (Aldershot: Ashgate, 2006), ISBN   0-472-06868-7, p. 72.
  54. 1 2 Jean-Pierre Hombach. "Elton John". p. 431-439. Lulu.
  55. 1 2 "Elton Expands 'Captain Fantastic' With Live Tracks" Archived 15 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine . Billboard. Retrieved 3 December 2014
  56. 1 2 3 Circus, No 115, August 1975. Vol 2, No 8. K48002 pp14–15
  57. 1 2 "Elton John Band Archives" Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine . EltonJohn.com. Retrieved 14 December 2014
  58. Nigel Goodall (1993) Elton John: a visual documentary Omnibus Press, 1993
  59. 1 2 Jeff Woolf, Scott Jennings and James L. Halperin (2004). "605 Icons of 20th Century Music Autograph Auction Catalog". p. 89.Heritage Capital Corporation
  60. United Press International, "Elton John Named Rock Personality", Playground Daily News, Fort Walton Beach, Florida, Monday 11 August 1975, Volume 30, Number 159, page 14.
  61. 1 2 3 4 5 "Elton John Billboard Chart History" Archived 30 November 2016 at the Wayback Machine . Billboard. Retrieved 10 December 2014
  62. Levy, Joe; Van Zandt, Steven, eds. (2006) [2005]. Rolling Stone 500 Greatest Albums of All Time (3rd ed.). London: Turnaround. ISBN   1-932958-61-4. OCLC   70672814.
  63. "The International Who's Who in Popular Music 2002". p. 260. Psychology Press,
  64. Bernardin, Claude; Stanton, Tom (1996). Rocket Man: Elton John From A - Z (Paperback ed.). Praeger. p. 23. ISBN   978-0-275-95698-1.
  65. "Heroes & Villains – Exclusive Interview with Thom Bell on Soul Jones Presents". Souljonespresents.com. Archived from the original on 11 February 2009. Retrieved 25 February 2009.
  66. Bernardin, Claude; Stanton, Tom (1996). Rocket Man: Elton John From A - Z (Paperback ed.). Praeger. pp. 7–8. ISBN   978-0-275-95698-1.
  67. Ed Hogan "Little Jeannie" Archived 15 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine . AllMusic. Retrieved 10 December 2014
  68. Billboard Magazine. 27 September 1980. p. 36.
  69. "Elton John South Africa tour jogs memories of Sun City gigs". The Nation. 11 January 2008. Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 20 December 2013.
  70. Rhiel, Mary; Suchoff, David Bruce (1996). The Seductions of Biography. p. 23. ISBN   978-0-415-91089-7.
  71. 1 2 Bernardin & Stanton 1996, p. 57.
  72. Rivadavia, Eduardo. "Saxon Rock the Nations". AllMusic . Retrieved 20 June 2011.
  73. Cozens, Claire (16 February 2006). "Elton settles Times libel case". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 26 May 2010.
  74. Luca Prono Encyclopedia of gay and lesbian popular culture Archived 26 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine Greenwood Publishing Group, 2008
  75. The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll p.502. Fireside, 2001
  76. ""Sacrifice" (1990 release), UK Singles Chart". chartstats. Retrieved 28 December 2010.
  77. Elton John – 30 Years of Music . Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  78. "1991 Brit Awards: Best British Male – Elton John". Brit Awards. Archived from the original on 21 April 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  79. Billboard AllMusic. Retrieved 28 December 2010
  80. "UK Chartstats.com". Chartstats.com. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  81. "Eric Clapton Tour Archive 1992". Where's Eric!. Retrieved 3 August 2015.
  82. Philips, Chuck (4 November 1992). "John, Taupin to Ink $39-Million Publishing Pact". Los Angeles Times.
  83. Goodall, Nigel (1993) Elton John: a visual documentary p.103. Omnibus Press, 1993
  84. "1992 MTV Video Music Awards". MTV. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  85. Goodall, Nigel (1993) Elton John: a visual documentary p.109. Omnibus Press, 1993.
  86. "The Bunbury Tales". Polydor. Retrieved 7 November 2017.
  87. "Axl Roae inducts Elton John in 1994" Archived 13 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine . Rock Hall. Retrieved 12 December 2014
  88. 1 2 Billboard 29 Apr 1995. p. 49. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  89. Billboard 30 Jul 1994. p. 136. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  90. Rosen, Craig (1996) The Billboard Book of Number One Albums: The Inside Story Behind Pop Music's Blockbuster Records Billboard Books , 1996
  91. 1 2 3 "The American Recording Industry Announces its Artists of the Century". RIAA. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 2 February 2010.
  92. "Elton John: inducted in 1994 | The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum". Rockhall.com. 25 March 1947. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
  93. Bernardin & Stanton 1996, p. 169.
  94. "Brit Awards 1995". Brit Awards. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  95. People in the News 1997 . Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  96. The Advocate 14 Oct 1997 . Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  97. Davis, Sheila (15 October 1992). The songwriters idea book. Writer's Digest Books p.103. p. 103. ISBN   978-0-89879-519-6.
  98. Grundy, Gareth (10 June 2011). "Elton John performs Candle in the Wind at Princess Diana's funeral". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  99. 1 2 "17 Years Ago, Elton John's 'Candle In the Wind 1997' Started Its 14-Week No. 1 Run" (11 October 2014). Billboard. 11 November 2018.
  100. 1 2 Miles, Barry Massive Music Moments Archived 26 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine p.207. Anova Books, 2008
  101. "BBC – Press Office: Elton John tops million sellers chart". BBC. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  102. Billboard 3 Apr 1999 . Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  103. Jean-Pierre Hombach. Elton John. Lulu.com. p. 12. ISBN   9781471611865 . Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  104. "Billboard 6 September 1997" Archived 26 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine . p.59. Billboard. Retrieved 12 December 2014
  105. "Sir Elton John, One Direction, Kylie for 2014 Children In Need single" Archived 12 October 2014 at the Wayback Machine . Official Charts Company. Retrieved 12 December 2014
  106. "Spice World: the Movie". Radio Times. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  107. David Gritten (17 October 2014). "How The Lion King became the most successful stage show of all time". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 23 July 2015.
  108. "Elton John's 'Aida' Big Winner at Tony Awards". BMI.com. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  109. "Disney Theatrical Theatre". The Lion King. Archived from the original on 14 March 2012. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  110. "Sixty things for Sir Elton's 60th". BBC News. 23 March 2007. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  111. Stephen Thomas Erlewine (23 March 1999). "Elton John and Tim Rice's "Aida"". AllMusic. Retrieved 6 June 2014.
  112. Schumacher-Rasmussen, Eric (3 August 2001). "Elton John Casts Robert Downey, Jr. In His New Video". MTV News. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  113. Basham, David (22 February 2001). "Eminem, Elton's 'Stan' Duet Proves Anticlimactic". MTV News. Retrieved 30 December 2009.
  114. "Concert for New York City – Various Artists" Archived 20 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine . AllMusic. Retrieved 11 December 2014
  115. Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums (19th ed.). London: Guinness World Records Limited. p. 689. ISBN   1-904994-10-5.
  116. "Billy Elliot pirouettes out of the West End" Archived 13 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine Best of Theatre 10 December 2015
  117. "Billy Elliot the Musical Final Performance Announced". Billy Elliot The Musical (Official London Site). 10 December 2015. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 26 February 2016.
  118. "Sir Elton vampire musical closes". BBC News. 24 May 2006. Retrieved 25 February 2009.
  119. Tarnoff, Andy. "Flashback: Elton John silences the Harley roar". On Milwaukee. On Milwaukee. Retrieved 17 February 2019.
  120. Scherzer, Barbara (19 February 2004). "Stage: Rock it, man". Las Vegas Mercury . Archived from the original on 10 December 2014. Retrieved 10 December 2014.
  121. "Celine Dion, Elton John duet" Archived 5 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine . Los Angeles Times . Retrieved 10 December 2014
  122. Disney.com Network (25 April 2006). "Disney Legends – Elton John". Disney . Retrieved 25 February 2009.
  123. "6ABC.com article: "Elton John Wants to Make Hip-hop Album"". Abclocal.go.com. 26 August 2006. Archived from the original on 9 February 2008. Retrieved 25 February 2009.
  124. “Elton John Still Wants to Make Hip-Hop Records“. Rolling Stone. Retrieved 3 February 2019
  125. "NME article on 60th birthday concert at Madison Square Gardens". NME. UK. 25 March 2007. Retrieved 25 February 2009.
  126. "Elton John to put entire music catalog online". Reuters. 21 March 2007. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
  127. 1 2 "Diana concert a 'perfect tribute'". BBC News. 2 July 2007. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  128. "What is the Concert for Diana?". BBC. 13 August 2015.
  129. Jean-Pierre Hombach. "Elton John". p. 14. Lulu.
  130. "Sir Elton John's Weird Third Act". GQ. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  131. "Elton John joins Alice in Chains on new album". The Guardian. 12 August 2009. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
  132. 1 2 "Q&A: Jerry Cantrell of Alice in Chains". Spin. 21 August 2009. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
  133. 1 2 "Alice in Chains' Jerry Cantrell and Elton John on their 'Black Gives Way to Blue' collaboration". Entertainment Weekly. 1 October 2009. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
  134. "Elton John Joins Alice in Chains' New Album to Honor Layne Staley". Rolling Stone. 11 August 2009. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
  135. "Alice In Chains' Jerry Cantrell on Layne Staley, Elton John and new CD". Music Radar. 10 February 2010. Retrieved 24 June 2017.
  136. Singh, Anita (1 February 2010) Grammy Awards 2010: Lady Gaga and Sir Elton John video Archived 22 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 28 December 2010
  137. "Love, etc: Rush Limbaugh marries for the fourth time". The Washington Post. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  138. "Elton John concert in Ramat Gan stadium begins – 17 June 2010". Ynetnews. 20 June 1995. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
  139. "Elton John Slams Boycotting Artists at Israel Concert". Filmifi.com. 18 June 2010. Retrieved 30 May 2011.
  140. "Elton John Teams With Leon Russell For 'Mature' New Album". Billboard. 14 September 2009. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
  141. "Sir Elton John returning to Las Vegas". BBC News. 19 April 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  142. "Elton John Celebrates 3,000th Live Public Performance". Reuters. Archived from the original on 15 December 2013. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  143. "Kate Bush's "50 Words for Snow"". Los Angeles Times. 21 November 2011. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  144. "Concierto Elton en Costa Rica". Adondeirhoy.com. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  145. "Stars perform at Diamond Jubilee concert" Archived 15 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine . BBC. Retrieved 12 December 2014
  146. "Elton John and Queen perform in Kiev". Sky News. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  147. "Sir Elton John and Pnau top album chart". BBC News. 23 July 2012. Retrieved 16 September 2012.
  148. "Britain's biggest stars record iconic poem 'If' as tribute to Olympic heroes". Yahoo.com. 10 November 2014.
  149. "Ed Sheeran on the Grammys". YouTube. 7 February 2013. Retrieved 8 June 2013.
  150. "Elton John 'called Josh Homme and said 'the only thing missing from your band is an actual queen'". NME. 19 April 2013. Retrieved 27 June 2013.
  151. 1 2 "Sir Elton John wins first Brits Icon award". BBC News. 2 September 2013. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
  152. "Elton John Honoured With BRITs Icon Award" Archived 30 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine . Brit Awards. Retrieved 9 December 2014
  153. Gallo, Phil (23 February 2013). "Elton John Finishes New Album, Eyes September Release Date". Billboard. Retrieved 21 May 2013.
  154. "Elton's New Album "Wonderful Crazy Night" Now Available for Pre-Order!". 22 October 2015. Archived from the original on 20 November 2015. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  155. Daniel Kreps (22 October 2015). "Elton John Preps New Album 'Wonderful Crazy Night'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 25 October 2015.
  156. "Elton John confirms he's doing the Kingsman sequel in a really cool way". Digital Spy. 18 May 2016. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
  157. Blisten, Jon. "Elton John Writing 'Devil Wears Prada' Musical for Broadway" Rolling Stone, January 2017
  158. "'American Epic': Inside Jack White and Friends' New Roots-Music Doc". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  159. "The Long-Lost, Rebuilt Recording Equipment That First Captured the Sound of America". WIRED. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  160. "Elton John – Two Fingers of Whiskey, The Sessions, American Epic, Arena – BBC Four". BBC. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  161. "The Performers in 'The American Epic Sessions'". WTTW Chicago Public Media – Television and Interactive. 6 June 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  162. Eccleston, Danny (June 2017). "American Epic". mojo4music.com. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  163. "American Epic: The Collection & The Soundtrack Out May 12th | Legacy Recordings". Legacy Recordings. 28 April 2017. Retrieved 27 February 2018.
  164. Tartaglione, Nancy (24 January 2018). "Elton John Retiring From The Road With Three-Year Farewell Tour". Deadline. Retrieved 24 January 2018.
  165. "'Farewell Yellow Brick Road' tour announced". Elton John. Retrieved 14 February 2019.
  166. "Elton John signs with Universal 'for the rest of his career'". Elton John signs with Universal 'for the rest of his career' (in Turkish). Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  167. "Elton John Inks a Deal With Universal Music 'For the Rest of His Career'". Digital Music News. 21 September 2018. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  168. "Elton John Biopic 'Rocketman' Shifts Summer 2019 Release Date". Billboard. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  169. "Dexter Fletcher to direct Freddie Mercury biopic". BBC News. 8 December 2017.
  170. Nolfi, Joey (1 October 2018). "Taron Egerton rocks out as Elton John in first Rocketman trailer". Entertainment Weekly . Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  171. "Brand-New Song "(I'm Gonna) Love Me Again" From The Forthcoming Album, Rocketman: Music From The Motion Picture". Top40-Charts.com. Retrieved 16 May 2019.
  172. "Elton John Promises 'One Helluva Roller Coaster Ride' With Upcoming Memoir". Rolling Stone. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  173. 1 2 "Sir Elton given France's highest civilian award Legion d'Honneur". BBC. Retrieved 22 June 2019.
  174. Rosen, Jody (25 June 2019). "Here Are Hundreds More Artists Whose Tapes Were Destroyed in the UMG Fire". The New York Times. Retrieved 28 June 2019.
  175. "Songwriters Hall of Fame – Bernie Taupin Biography". songwritershalloffame.org. Archived from the original on 18 June 2010. Retrieved 26 May 2010.
  176. Syd Field (2008). "The Definitive Guide To Screenwriting" Archived 26 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine . p.351. Random House, 2008
  177. "Elton John celebrates 50 years of hits with songwriting partner Bernie Taupin". ABC . Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  178. "Fellows – The British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors". Basca.org.uk. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  179. Bernardin & Stanton 1996.
  180. "allmusic (((Paul Buckmaster, Biography)))". AllMusic. Retrieved 26 May 2010.
  181. 1 2 Jahr, Cliff (7 October 1976). "Elton John: It's Lonely at the Top". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on 24 July 2007. Retrieved 25 February 2009.
  182. 1 2 Paul Myers (6 September 2007). It Ain't Easy: Long John Baldry and the Birth of the British Blues, page 133. Greystone Books, 2007. ISBN   978-1-55365-200-7 . Retrieved 2 February 2010.
  183. Mary Rhiel, David Bruce Suchoff, The seductions of biography. Routledge. 1996. p. 23. ISBN   978-0-415-91090-3 . Retrieved 2 February 2010.
  184. John, Elton (8 October 2012). "The historic fight for equality must go on. Let's get on and legalise same-sex marriage". The Independent. London.
  185. "Sir Elton John and David Furnish marry". BBC News. 21 December 2014. Retrieved 21 December 2014.
  186. Kealey, Helena (22 December 2014). "Sir Elton John's wedding: 11 things you might have missed". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  187. "Elton John, David Furnish get married". CNN. 21 December 2014.
  188. "There are no words to describe how much we love these boys': Elton John on his adorable sons". Hello magazine. 17 December 2017.
  189. "Sir Elton John and David Furnish Welcome a New Baby!". Us Weekly. 27 December 2010. Retrieved 27 December 2010.
  190. Levy, Glen Welcome, Tiny Dancer: Elton John Becomes a Dad Archived 4 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine Time . Retrieved 28 December 2010
  191. "Proud father Sir Elton John introduces baby Elijah to the world". The Telegraph. Retrieved 28 October 2018.
  192. 1 2 Holly George-Warren The Rolling stone encyclopedia of rock & roll p.501. Fireside, 2001
  193. Gabbatt, Adam (19 February 2010). "Sir Elton John claims Jesus was gay". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  194. Ocamb, Karen (22 December 2014). "Sir Elton John and David Furnish Get Married, #ShareTheLove". Frontiers Media. Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  195. John, Elton (8 October 2012). "Elton John: The historic fight for equality must go on. Let's get on and legalise same-sex marriage". The Independent. London. Retrieved 29 August 2013.
  196. Stanley, Tim (30 June 2014). "Elton John says Jesus would've backed gay marriage. Millions will presume he's right". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved 4 July 2014.
  197. Michaels, Sean (9 December 2013). "Elton John voices gay rights concerns at Moscow concert". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
  198. 1 2 "Elton John to Putin: I will show you gay people victimised under Russian law" Archived 7 August 2016 at the Wayback Machine . The Guardian (London). Retrieved 13 December 2014
  199. Puente, Maria. "Vladimir Putin calls Elton John, this time for real". USA Today. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  200. "Russia's president calls Elton John, promises to meet him after prank call". CTV News. Retrieved 24 September 2015.
  201. "Search the Sunday Times Rich List 2009". The Times. London. 26 April 2009. Retrieved 29 April 2009.
  202. Evans, Tara (4 May 2011). "The top 50 richest people in music: Sunday Times Rich List". This Is Money. Retrieved 12 January 2014.
  203. "Real Estate". Cote-dazur.in. Retrieved 18 April 2014.
  204. "Art or Porn? Elton John's Photos Seized". ABC News. Retrieved 3 March 2008.
  205. "Sir Elton's £30m spending spree". BBC News. 15 November 2000. Retrieved 25 February 2009.
  206. "Sir Elton to sell classic cars". BBC News. 18 April 2001. Retrieved 3 February 2010.
  207. "Classics.com Elton John's Cars to be auctioned at Christie's". classics.com. Retrieved 3 February 2010.
  208. "Sir Elton to sell home's contents". BBC News. 13 September 2003. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  209. "Elton John turns rags to riches for charity". The Age. Melbourne. Associated Press. 12 April 2006. Retrieved 25 February 2009.
  210. "Elton John", Biography Channel, 2005
  211. "Larry King Live: Interview With Elton John Aired 25 January 2002". CNN. 25 January 2002. Retrieved 25 February 2009.
  212. "Elton John goes to bat with Braves". Major League Baseball. Retrieved 31 January 2010.
  213. "50 Best Dressed Men in Britain 2015". GQ. 5 January 2015. Archived from the original on 7 January 2015.
  214. "Elton John recovering from 'rare and potentially deadly' infection contracted in South America". Los Angeles Times. 24 April 2017.
  215. An Audience with Elton John. Sunday 28 September 1997. ITV.
  216. "They shaped the club". Watford F.C. Archived from the original on 3 December 2008. Retrieved 10 March 2010.
  217. 1 2 3 "Elton John gig boost for Watford". BBC. 28 May 2010. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  218. "Pelé posta foto antiga com Elton John" Archived 26 August 2015 at the Wayback Machine . Globo. Retrieved 8 December 2013
  219. 1 2 "Sir Elton John has stand named after him at Watford football club". BBC News. 13 December 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2014.
  220. "The celebrities that support Brexit (and the ones backing Remain)". The Independent. Retrieved 27 November 2018.
  221. John, Elton (24 July 2012). "Elton John: Science can stop Aids but to end the plague we need love". The Independent. London. Retrieved 8 March 2015.
  222. Claude Bernardin (1995). "Rocket Man: The Encyclopedia of Elton John". p. 191. Greenwood Press,
  223. 1 2 "Fashion royalty at Elton John's White Tie and Tiara Ball 2011" Archived 15 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine . The Daily Telegraph (London). Retrieved 15 December 2014
  224. Alexander, Hilary (1 July 2007). "White tie and tiara ball". The Daily Telegraph. London. Archived from the original on 18 August 2007. Retrieved 25 February 2009.
  225. "Chopard and Elton John – The White Tie and Tiara Ball 2007". Archived from the original on 3 July 2007. Retrieved 26 May 2016.
  226. "Married gay couples can have coats of arms for first time in history". The Independent. 8 October 2015.
  227. "No. 54255". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 December 1995. p. 9.
  228. "BBC News UK Arise, Sir Elton!". 19 April 2013. Archived from the original on 19 April 2013. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  229. "ELTON JOHN'S KNIGHTHOOD TOPS 1,000 ROYAL AWARDS - Chicago Tribune". 28 January 2019. Archived from the original on 28 January 2019. Retrieved 28 January 2019.
  230. "Ella Award Special Events". 12 February 2011. Archived from the original on 14 May 2015. Retrieved 10 May 2015.
  231. O'Haire, Patricia (6 October 1999). "News Beat". New York Daily News . Retrieved 24 April 2016.
  232. Ashton, Robert (24 May 2010). "Heritage Award for Elton John venue". Music Week. Retrieved 6 August 2010.
  233. "Brit Awards: Elton John". Brit Awards. Archived from the original on 27 May 2014. Retrieved 27 September 2014.
  234. The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll. p.501. Fireside, 2001
  235. Mike Clifford, Pete Frame (1992). The Harmony Illustrated Encyclopedia of Rock. p. 88. Harmony Books, 1992
  236. "Nigel Olsson Bio". strictlyrock.com. Retrieved 27 August 2013.
  237. "Nigel Olsson Biography". AllMusic. Retrieved 16 September 2013.
  238. "Percussionist Ray Cooper Celebrates a Birthday Today". Archived from the original on 15 September 2017. Retrieved 4 November 2018.

Further reading