|Studio album by|
|Released||August 31, 1987|
|Recorded||January 1985 – July 1987|
|Studio|| Westlake Recording Studios |
(Los Angeles, California)
|Michael Jackson chronology|
|Michael Jackson studio album chronology|
|Singles from Bad|
Bad is the seventh studio album by American singer and songwriter Michael Jackson. It was released on August 31, 1987 in the United States by Epic Records and internationally by CBS Records,nearly five years after Jackson's previous album, Thriller . Bad was written and recorded over more than three and a half years, and was the final collaboration between Jackson and producer Quincy Jones. Jackson co-produced the album and composed all but two tracks. The lyrical themes include media bias, paranoia, racial profiling, romance, self-improvement and world peace.
Michael Joseph Jackson was an American singer, songwriter, and dancer. Dubbed the "King of Pop", he is regarded as one of the most significant cultural figures of the 20th century and one of the greatest entertainers. Jackson's contributions to music, dance, and fashion, along with his publicized personal life, made him a global figure in popular culture for over four decades.
Epic Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, Inc., the North American division of Japanese conglomerate Sony. The label was founded predominantly as a jazz and classical music label in 1953, but later expanded its scope to include a more diverse range of genres, including pop, R&B, rock, and hip hop. Epic Records has released music by artists including Glenn Miller, Tammy Wynette, George Michael, The Yardbirds, Donovan, Shakin Stevens, Europe, Cheap Trick, Meat Loaf, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Ted Nugent, Shakira, Sly & the Family Stone, The Hollies, Celine Dion, ABBA, Culture Club, Boston, Dave Clark Five, Gloria Estefan, Pearl Jam, Rage Against the Machine, and Michael Jackson. Along with Arista, Columbia and RCA Records, Epic is one of Sony Music Entertainment's four flagship record labels.
Columbia Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, the North American division of Japanese conglomerate Sony. It was founded in 1887, evolving from the American Graphophone Company, the successor to the Volta Graphophone Company. Columbia is the oldest surviving brand name in the recorded sound business, and the second major company to produce records. From 1961 to 1990, Columbia recordings were released outside North America under the name CBS Records to avoid confusion with EMI's Columbia Graphophone Company. Columbia is one of Sony Music's four flagship record labels, alongside former longtime rival RCA Records, as well as Arista Records and Epic Records.
Bad reached number one in thirteen countries and the top 20 in other territories. It sold at least two million copies in its first week in the US,and 500,000 in its first five days in the UK. Nine songs were released as singles, including one promotional single. Seven charted in the top 20 on the Billboard Hot 100, including a record-breaking five number ones: "I Just Can't Stop Loving You", "Bad", "The Way You Make Me Feel", "Man in the Mirror" and "Dirty Diana". Bad remained in the top five on the Billboard 200 album chart for 38 weeks, setting a record for the longest run in the top five by an album from a male solo artist. In its first year, Bad sold 18 million copies worldwide. By 1991, Bad was the second-best-selling album of all time at the time, behind Thriller, having sold 25 million copies worldwide. The Bad tour grossed $125 million (equivalent to $254 million in 2019).
The Billboard Hot 100 is the music industry standard record chart in the United States for songs, published weekly by Billboard magazine. Chart rankings are based on sales, radio play, and online streaming in the United States.
"I Just Can't Stop Loving You" is a 1987 duet ballad by Michael Jackson and Siedah Garrett, and was the first single released from his seventh album, Bad. The song was written by Jackson, and co-produced by Jackson and Quincy Jones. It reached #1 on the Billboard Hot 100, R&B and adult contemporary charts, making it the first in a string of 5 No. 1 singles from the album.
"Bad" is a song by American recording artist Michael Jackson. It was released by Epic Records on September 7, 1987 as the second single from Jackson's third major-label and seventh studio album of the same name. The song was written and composed by Jackson, and produced by Quincy Jones and Jackson. Jackson stated that the song was influenced by a real-life story he had read about, of a young man who tried to escape poverty by attending private school but ended up being killed when he returned home.
Bad was nominated for six Grammy Awards, winning Best Engineered Recording – Non Classical and Best Music Video (for "Leave Me Alone"). It is one of the best-selling albums of all time, with an estimated 35 million copies sold worldwide. In 2017, the album was certified Diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) for sales of over ten million copies in the United States. It has been named one of the greatest albums by several publications, including Rolling Stone's 500 Greatest Albums of All Time, where it appears at number 202.
A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry. The trophy depicts a gilded gramophone. The annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest. The Grammys are the second of the Big Three major music awards held annually.
The Grammy Award for Best Engineered Album, Non-Classical has been awarded since 1959. The award had several minor name changes:
The Grammy Award for Best Music Video is an honor presented at the Grammy Awards, a ceremony that was established in 1958 and originally called the Gramophone Awards, to performers, directors, and producers of quality short form music videos. Honors in several categories are presented at the ceremony annually by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States to "honor artistic achievement, technical proficiency and overall excellence in the recording industry, without regard to album sales or chart position".
Jackson's sixth solo album, Thriller , was released in 1982 and by 1987 was certified 20 times platinum.Jackson aimed to sell 100 million copies with his next album.
Thriller is the sixth studio album by American singer Michael Jackson, released on November 30, 1982, in the United States by Epic Records and internationally by CBS Records. It explores genres similar to Jackson's previous album, Off the Wall (1979), including pop, post-disco, rock and funk. Recording took place from April to November 1982 at Westlake Recording Studios in Los Angeles, with a production budget of $750,000.
Music recording certification is a system of certifying that a music recording has shipped, sold, or streamed a certain number of units. The threshold quantity varies by type and by nation or territory.
The four years following Thriller were marred by Jackson's rifts with his family and the Jehovah’s Witnesses, broken friendships with celebrities, and the pressure of celebrity. Reports spread of his changing physical appearance and eccentric behavior. Rather than embark on a solo Thriller tour, Jackson agreed to rejoin his brothers as the Jacksons on the Victory Tour, which proved disastrous.[ neutrality is disputed ] In 1987, Spin wrote that "in record time, [Jackson] has gone from being one of the most admired of celebrities to one of the most absurd. And the pressure to restore himself in the public eye is paralyzing him." According to some associates, Jackson was nervous about completing his next album: "He's reminded that everyone is waiting for this record and he goes into a shell. He is frightened."
The Jackson family is an American family of musicians and entertainers from Gary, Indiana. Six children of Joseph Walter and Katherine Esther Jackson form the members of Motown boy band the Jackson 5. Joe worked as their manager. The Jackson family, both as a musical group and as solo artists, have achieved success in the field of popular music from the late 1960s and onward. They are sometimes called the "First Family of Soul" or the "Royal Family of Pop," especially following the success of Michael and Janet Jackson, the former of whom is frequently described as the "King of Pop."
Jehovah's Witnesses is a millenarian restorationist Christian denomination with nontrinitarian beliefs distinct from mainstream Christianity. The group reports a worldwide membership of approximately 8.58 million adherents involved in evangelism and an annual Memorial attendance of over 20 million. Jehovah's Witnesses are directed by the Governing Body of Jehovah's Witnesses, a group of elders in Warwick, New York, United States, which establishes all doctrines based on its interpretations of the Bible. They believe that the destruction of the present world system at Armageddon is imminent, and that the establishment of God's kingdom over the earth is the only solution for all problems faced by humanity.
Michael Jackson was an American singer who spent over four decades in the public eye, first as a child star with the Jackson 5 and later as a solo artist. From the mid-1980s, Jackson's appearance began to change dramatically. The shape of his face, particularly his nose, triggered widespread speculation of extensive cosmetic surgery. His skin tone became much lighter. Although Jackson was diagnosed with the skin disorder vitiligo, which results in white patches on the skin, and said that he had not purposely bleached his skin but had used makeup to even out his skin tone, it was widely suggested that his lighter skin tone was partly due to skin bleaching.
After Jackson had written a handful of the tracks on Off the Wall and Thriller, producer Quincy Jones encouraged him to write more for Bad. Jones recalled: "All the turmoil [in Jackson's life] was starting to mount up, so I said I thought it was time for him to do a very honest album."
Quincy Delight Jones Jr. is an American record producer, multi-instrumentalist, singer, and film producer. His career spans over 60 years in the entertainment industry with a record 80 Grammy Award nominations, 28 Grammys, and a Grammy Legend Award in 1992.
Bad was Jackson's final collaboration with co-producer Quincy Jones, who had produced Off the Wall and Thriller.Jackson began recording demos for the anticipated follow-up to Thriller in November 1983 while recording Victory with the Jacksons. Work was disrupted in July 1984, when Jackson embarked on the Victory Tour with his brothers. Work resumed after the tour ended and after recording We Are the World, and recording officially began in January 1985. In early 1985, work was disrupted again so Jackson could prepare for Disney's 4D film experience Captain EO, which featured an early pre-album extended cut of "Another Part of Me." Work in the studio resumed in August of that year and continued until November 1986, when Jackson filmed the "Bad" music video. Recording resumed in January 1987 and the album was completed in July.
Jackson spent much of 1985 to 1987 out of the public eye, writing and recording at his home studio in Encino, Los Angeles, with a group of musicians and engineers including Bill Bottrell known as the "B team".The demos were brought to Westlake Studio to be finished by the "A team", with Jones and engineer Bruce Swedien. Jones said the team would stay up for days on end when they "were on a roll": "They were carrying second engineers out on stretchers. I was smoking 180 cigarettes a day."
Jackson was eager to find innovative new sounds and was interested in new musical technology.The team made extensive use of new digital synthesizer technology, including FM synthesis and the Fairlight CMI and Synclavier PSMT synthesizers. They sometimes combined synthesizers to create new sounds. Jackson hired Synclavier expert and sound designer Denny Jaeger to create sounds used on "Dirty Diana" and "Smooth Criminal".
Jackson wrote a reported 60 songs, and recorded 30, wanting to use them all on a 3-disc set.Jones suggested that the album be cut down to a ten-track single LP. When the album was released on CD, an 11th track, "Leave Me Alone", was included. It was later released as a single. Later reissues of the LP also include this song. Jackson is credited for writing all but three songs on the album. Other writing credits included Terry Britten and Graham Lyle for "Just Good Friends" and Siedah Garrett and Glen Ballard for "Man in the Mirror".
The album's song lyrics relate to romance and paranoia, the latter being a recurring theme in Jackson's albums.Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic noted that Bad moved Jackson "deeper into hard rock, deeper into schmaltzy adult contemporary, deeper into hard dance – essentially taking each portion of Thriller to an extreme, while increasing the quotient of immaculate studiocraft."
"Bad" was originally intended as a duet between Jackson and Prince.Jackson also planned duets with Diana Ross, Whitney Houston, Aretha Franklin and Barbra Streisand. The song was viewed as a revived "Hit the Road Jack" progression with lyrics that pertain to boasting. "Dirty Diana" was viewed by AllMusic's Stephen Thomas Erlewine as misogynistic and its lyrics, describing a sexual predator, do not aim for the "darkness" of "Billie Jean", instead sounding equally intrigued by and apprehensive of a sexual challenge, while having the opportunity to accept or resist it. "Leave Me Alone" was described as being a "paranoid anthem". "Man in the Mirror" was seen as Jackson going "a step further" and offering "a straightforward homily of personal commitment", which can be seen in the lyrics, "I'm starting with the man in the mirror / I'm asking him to change his ways / And no message could have been any clearer / If you wanna make the world a better place / Take a look at yourself and then make a change."
"Liberian Girl"'s lyrics were viewed as "glistening" with "gratitude" for the "existence of a loved one"."Smooth Criminal"'s recalled "the popcorn-chomping manner" of "Thriller". The track was thought of as an example of "Jackson's free-form language" that keeps people "aware that we are on the edge of several realities: the film, the dream it inspires, the waking world it illuminates". The music in "I Just Can't Stop Loving You", a duet with Siedah Garrett, consisted mainly of finger snaps and timpani. "Just Good Friends", a duet with Stevie Wonder, was viewed by critics as sounding good at the beginning of the song, ending with a "chin-bobbing cheerfulness". However, Jones said later: "I made a mistake with ['Just Good Friends']. That didn't work."
"The Way You Make Me Feel" consists of blues harmonies.The lyrics of "Another Part of Me" deal with being united, as "we". Critics Richard Cromelin (from the Los Angeles Times ) and Richard Harrington (from The Washington Post ) associated the song's lyrics with the Harmonic Convergence phenomenon that occurred around the time of the album's release, with Harrington highlighting the verse: "The planets are lining up / We're bringing brighter days / They're all in line / Waiting for you / Can't you see? / You're just another part of me".
Bad was released on August 31, 1987.It debuted at number one on the Billboard 200 and remained there for six consecutive weeks. Bad was certified ten times platinum for shipping ten million copies in the US alone. Though Jackson furthered his stance as a global pop superstar, in the US, Bad failed to match the sales of Thriller, causing some in the media to label the album a "disappointment".
In the UK, Bad sold 500,000 copies in its first five days. A was certified 13 times platinum with sales of 3.9 million, making it Jackson's second best-selling album there.Bad peaked at number one in 25 countries including Austria, Canada, Japan, New Zealand, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and the UK. It also charted at No. 13 in Mexico and at No. 22 in Portugal. Bad has received various certifications worldwide. It was certified seven times platinum for the shipment of over 700,000 copies in Canada by the Canadian Recording Industry Association. In Europe, the 2001 reissue was certified platinum by the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) for the sales of one million units. The album was also certified platinum by the IFPI for the shipment of over 20,000 copies in Hong Kong. Globally, Bad is Jackson's second best-selling album behind Thriller, with sales of between 30 and 35 million copies.
The marketing strategy for Bad was modelled on that for Thriller.Similarly to the first Thriller single, "The Girl Is Mine", the first Bad single, "I Just Can't Stop Loving You", was a ballad duet, followed by two "more obvious modern pop knockouts" backed by music videos.
A commemorative special on Jackson's life, The Magic Returns, aired on CBS around the time of the release of Bad.At the end of the documentary, the channel debuted the music video for "Bad", directed by Martin Scorsese and featuring Wesley Snipes. The marketing strategy, mastered by Frank DiLeo among others, also included Jackson producing another mini-movie around the time of the Bad world tour. That film, Moonwalker , included performances of songs from Bad, including "Speed Demon", "Leave Me Alone", "Man in the Mirror" and "Smooth Criminal", the latter two released as sole videos at the end of the film. Jackson's tour for Bad was a major financial success, grossing $125 million.
Bad was the first album to have five consecutive singles — "I Just Can't Stop Loving You", "Bad", "The Way You Make Me Feel", "Man in the Mirror" and "Dirty Diana" — peak at number one on the Billboard Hot 100. The record was tied by Katy Perry's 2010 album Teenage Dream .
Lead single "I Just Can't Stop Loving You" reached number one on September 19, 1987. It also reached number one on Billboard's R&B/Hip Hop Songs chart and number two on the Adult Contemporary chart. It was at number one for two weeks in the UK, four weeks in the Netherlands and seven weeks in Norway. "Bad", peaked at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 on October 16, 1987, and charted in the top 10 internationally. "The Way You Make Me Feel" charted within the top ten and twenty internationally. "Man in the Mirror" charted at number one on Billboard's Hot 100 in March 1988 and charted at reached numbers 4, 8 and 10 in New Zealand, Australia and Austria. On July 2, 1988, "Dirty Diana" reached number one on the Hot 100 and charted in the top ten in several countries.
"Another Part of Me" achieved less success, reaching number 11 on the Billboard Hot 100, and topped the Billboard R&B/Hip Hop Songs chart.It reached numbers 5, 14 and 32 in the Netherlands, New Zealand and France. "Smooth Criminal" became the sixth top ten single on the Billboard Hot 100, and charted in the top ten in five territories. Released outside the United States and Canada, "Leave Me Alone" topped the Irish charts, and reached the top ten in five other countries. The album's last single was "Liberian Girl", which did not chart on the Billboard Hot 100, but charted mainly within the top twenty internationally.
In the UK, seven of the Bad singles reached the UK top ten, as did the singles from Jackson's next album, Dangerous . This was a joint record for any studio album in the UK, until Scottish DJ and musician Calvin Harris broke the record in 2013 with his third studio album 18 Months .
|Encyclopedia of Popular Music|
|Los Angeles Times|
|The Philadelphia Inquirer|
|The Rolling Stone Album Guide|
|The Village Voice||B+|
In a contemporary review for The New York Times , Jon Pareles called Bad "a well-made, catchy dance record by an enigmatic pop star". He said while nothing on the record compared to "Wanna Be Startin' Somethin'", the music's "concocted synthesizer-driven arrangements" were "clear" and carried "a solid kick".In USA Today , Edna Gundersen called it Jackson's "most polished effort to date," that is "calculated but not sterile." Davitt Sigerson from Rolling Stone wrote that "even without a milestone recording like 'Billie Jean', Bad is still a better record than Thriller." He believed the filler, such as "Speed Demon", "Dirty Diana" and "Liberian Girl", made Bad "richer, sexier and better than Thriller's forgettables."
Richard Harrington of The Washington Post felt that while the album could not live up to post-Thriller expectations, it would be "considerably fairer to compare" Bad with Off the Wall. His overall opinion on Bad was that it was "a very good record" that is "immaculately produced and with some scintillating vocal performances from Jackson". 's uniform strength than Thriller's peaks and valleys". Cromelin felt that it would be "disappointing" if this album's "creative level" is where Jackson wants to stay.Richard Cromelin of the Los Angeles Times called Bad "a fair-to-strong array of soul and rock blends", commenting that the record was "not bad" and was more "reminiscent of Off the Wall
Robert Christgau was more critical in The Village Voice . He said its "studio mastery", along with Jackson's "rhythmic and vocal power", had made for "the strongest and most consistent black pop album in years", but lamented its lack of "genius" in the vein of "Beat It" or "Billie Jean" and panned the underlying themes in Jackson's lyrics. "He's against burglary, speeding, and sex ('Dirty Diana' is as misogynistic as any piece of metal suck-my-cock), in favor of harmonic convergence and changing the world by changing the man in the mirror. His ideal African comes from Liberia. And he claims moonwalking makes him a righteous brother. Like shit."
In 1988, Bad was nominated for Grammy Awards for Album of the Year, Best Pop Vocal Performance – Male, Best R&B Vocal Performance – Male, and won for Best Engineered Recording – Non Classical.The following year, it was nominated for Record of the Year for "Man in the Mirror", and in 1990 won for Best Music Video – Short Form (for "Leave Me Alone").
According to Jayson Rodriguez of MTV, "following the twin cannons that were Off the Wall and Thriller wouldn't be an easy task for most, but Jackson's follow-up, 1987's Bad, was formidable by all accounts."He felt that Bad was "wrongfully dismissed by critics because it wasn't the sales blockbuster that Thriller was" and that during the Bad era, Jackson's vocal hiccups and stammered "shamone" would become staples in his music that were "heightening and highlighting the emotion of his lyrics." Rolling Stone commented that "the best way to view" Bad was not as "the sequel to Thriller. In 2009, VH1 said of the album:
Understandably, the expectations for the album were ridiculously high, and grew even higher after Jackson planned duets with the likes of Prince (on the title track) and Whitney Houston (and Aretha Franklin and Barbra Streisand). None of those collaborations ended up happening, but they only increased the hype for the album. Bad was a deeply personal project for Jackson – he wrote nine of the 11 songs – one that saw him gain further independence and debut a harder-edged look and sound.
In 2009, Jim Farber of the Daily News wrote that Bad "streamlined the quirks" of Jackson's two previous albums to "create his most smooth work of pop to date."A writer for The Daily Telegraph commented that while Bad was another worldwide commercial success, the album "inevitably failed to match the success of Thriller despite Jackson's massive and grueling world tour". In 2009, a writer for the Miami Herald reflected back on the anticipation for Bad, describing the album's release as being the "most hotly anticipated album in history". That same year, Stephen M. Silverman, a writer for People magazine, viewed Bad as being "when some slippage" in Jackson's "popularity began to show".
In July 2016, it was announced by the Official Charts Company that Bad was the ninth best-selling album in British history with sales of 4 million units, charting behind Thriller.Bad, along with other studio albums released by Jackson, is among the best-selling albums of all-time. In 2003, the album was ranked number 202 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the "500 Greatest Albums of All Time". It was also included in the book titled 1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die . In 2009, VH1 listed Bad at number 43 on their list of "100 Greatest Albums of All Time of the MTV Generation". In 2012, Slant Magazine listed the album at number 48 on its list of "Best Albums of the 1980s".
In a retrospective review for AllMusic, Stephen Thomas Erlewine stated that Jackson "approached" Bad much the same way he approached Thriller, which was to "take the basic formula of the predecessor, expand it slightly, and move it outward." While the album "rebounds with songs that prove mechanical can be tolerable if delivered with hooks and panache," it still made Bad feel like an "artifact of its time instead a piece of music that transcends it", according to Erlewine.
In the Encyclopedia of Popular Music , Colin Larkin wrote, "In musical terms, Bad certainly broke no fresh ground; appealing though its soft funk confections were, they lacked substance, and represented only a cosmetic advance over his two earlier albums with [Quincy Jones]."Joseph Vogel was more enthusiastic about the record. "On Bad, Jackson's music is largely about creating moods, visceral emotions, and fantastical scenarios....[with] each song work[ing] as a dream capsule, inviting the listener into a vivid new sound, story, space." He called Bad "a compelling, phantasmagorical album, which a handful of critics recognized from the beginning."
The album's songs have been covered and parodied by multiple recording artists since its release in the late 1980s. Notable cover versions include Alien Ant Farm's cover of "Smooth Criminal" and Shakaya's cover of "The Way You Make Me Feel". Notable parody versions include "Weird Al" Yankovic, who previously recorded a parody of Jackson's song "Beat It".In 1988, "Fat", Yankovic's parody of "Bad", won a Grammy Award for Best Concept Music Video.
|Grammy Awards||United States||Best Engineered Recording – Non-Classical (Bad)||1988|
|Grammy Awards||United States||Best Music Video – Short Form ("Leave Me Alone")||1990|
|Quintessence Editions Ltd.||United Kingdom||1001 Albums You Must Hear Before You Die (No rank)||2003|
|Rolling Stone||United States||500 Greatest Albums of All Time (Ranked #202)||2003|
|VH1||United States||100 Greatest Albums of All Time of the MTV Generation (Ranked #43)||2009|
Bad was ranked as the 138th best album of all time on the Billboard Top 200 Albums of All Time.
It was announced on May 3, 2012, that the Estate of Michael Jackson and Epic Records would be releasing a 25th anniversary album of Bad. The album was named Bad 25 and was released on September 18, 2012.Since the release of Bad 25, there has been a discontinuation of the 2001 special edition.
All tracks written by Michael Jackson, except where noted; all tracks produced by Quincy Jones and Jackson.
|2.||"The Way You Make Me Feel"||4:59|
|5.||"Just Good Friends" (with Stevie Wonder; writers: Terry Britten, Graham Lyle)||4:09|
|6.||"Another Part of Me"||3:55|
|7.||"Man in the Mirror" (writers: Siedah Garrett, Glen Ballard)||5:21|
|8.||"I Just Can't Stop Loving You" (with Garrett)||4:27|
|11.||"Leave Me Alone"||4:41|
|2001 special edition bonus tracks|
|12.||"Quincy Jones Interview #1"||4:04|
|14.||"Quincy Jones Interview #2"||2:54|
|15.||"Todo Mi Amor Eres Tú" (with Garrett; writers: Jackson, Rubén Blades)||4:05|
|16.||"Quincy Jones Interview #3"||2:31|
|17.||"Spoken Intro to Fly Away"||0:09|
Re-issues of Bad feature a number of changes when compared to the original 1987 release:
Personnel as listed in the album's liner notes are:
|Australia (ARIA)||6× Platinum||420,000^|
|Austria (IFPI Austria)||4× Platinum||200,000*|
|Canada (Music Canada)||7× Platinum||700,000^|
|Denmark (IFPI Denmark)||100,000|
|Germany (BVMI)||4× Platinum||2,000,000^|
|Latvia (LaMPA)||14× Platinum||126,000*|
|New Zealand (RMNZ)||9× Platinum||135,000^|
|Spain (PROMUSICAE)||3× Platinum||300,000^|
|Sweden (GLF)||2× Platinum||200,000^|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||13× Platinum||4,140,000|
|United States (RIAA)||Diamond||10,000,000^|
|Europe (IFPI) |
For sales in 2009
*sales figures based on certification alone
August is the tenth solo studio album by Eric Clapton, released in 1986 by Duck Records/Warner Bros. Records. Primarily produced by Phil Collins, in association with longtime Clapton associate Tom Dowd, August became Clapton's biggest-selling album to date.
"Billie Jean" is a song by American singer Michael Jackson, released by Epic Records on January 2, 1983 as the second single from Jackson's sixth studio album, Thriller (1982). It was written and composed by Jackson and produced by Jackson and Quincy Jones.
HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I is the ninth studio album by American singer Michael Jackson, released on June 20, 1995. It was the fifth Jackson album released through Epic Records, and the first on his label MJJ Productions. It comprises two discs: HIStory Begins, a greatest hits compilation, and HIStory Continues, comprising new material written and produced by Jackson and collaborators. The themes include environmental awareness, isolation, greed, suicide, injustice, and Jackson's conflicts with the media.
Number Ones is a greatest hits album by American singer Michael Jackson. It was released on November 18, 2003 by Epic Records. Number Ones was Jackson's first proper compilation album with Epic Records, after the release of the first disc of HIStory in 1995. The album included Jackson singles that reportedly reached number 1 in charts around the world. The album also features the last original single released during Jackson's lifetime, "One More Chance", released on November 20, 2003.
Invincible is the final studio album by American singer Michael Jackson released October 30, 2001, on Epic Records. It was Jackson's sixth studio album released through Epic, and his last released before his death in 2009. Invincible incorporates R&B, pop and soul. Similarly to Jackson's previous material, Invincible explores themes such as love, romance, isolation, media criticism, and social issues.
"Thriller" is a song recorded by American singer Michael Jackson and produced by Quincy Jones. It was released as the seventh and final single from Jackson's album Thriller (1982) on January 23, 1984.
"The Way You Make Me Feel" is a song by American recording artist Michael Jackson. It was released by Epic Records on November 9, 1987 as the third single from his seventh studio album, Bad (1987). It was written and composed by Jackson, and produced by Quincy Jones and Jackson.
"Dirty Diana" is a song by American artist Michael Jackson. It is the ninth track on Jackson's seventh studio album, Bad. The song was released by Epic Records on April 18, 1988 as the fifth single from the album. It presents a harder rock sound similar to "Beat It" from Thriller (1982) and a guitar solo played by Steve Stevens. "Dirty Diana" was written and co-produced by Jackson, and produced by Quincy Jones. The song's lyrics pertain to groupies. "Dirty Diana" has a moderate tempo and is played in the key of G minor.
This article contains the discography of American pop and R&B singer Janet Jackson and includes information relating to her album and single releases. She has sold an estimated 100 million records worldwide, and is listed as the eleventh best-selling female recording artist in the US. She has attained 10 Hot 100 number-one singles, 16 Hot R&B number-one singles, and 20 Hot Dance/Club Play number-one singles. She also has a career high of 28 top 10 hits on the Hot 100, 29 top 10 hits on the Hot R&B chart, and 34 top 10 hits on the Hot Dance/Club Play chart. She is the first and only artist in history to produce seven top five hits from one album, Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814.
J to tha L–O! The Remixes is a remix album by American singer Jennifer Lopez. It was released February 5, 2002, by Epic Records. The album contains remixes from her first two studio albums: On the 6 (1999) and J.Lo (2001). Featured artists on J to tha L–O! The Remixes included P. Diddy, Ja Rule, Fat Joe, and Nas. The album includes dance and hip hop remixes of past singles. The album was her second to feature a Parental Advisory warning, after J.Lo. It would also be the last to include one until the release of her eighth studio album A.K.A. in 2014.
Get Rich or Die Tryin' is the debut album by American rapper 50 Cent. It was released on February 6, 2003, by Shady Records, Aftermath Entertainment and Interscope Records. Prior to the album, 50 Cent released several mixtapes alongside the Trackmasters on an unreleased album widely believed to be his debut in 2000. However, after suffering legal troubles and being blackballed from the music industry, 50 Cent found difficulty in securing another major-label recording contract, until he signed with Eminem's Shady Records in 2002.
English singer George Michael released five studio albums, two compilation albums, one extended play, 47 singles, three promotional singles, 31 music videos and five video albums. In his career, Michael sold over 80 million records worldwide, making him one of the world's best-selling artists of all time.
American actor, rapper and record producer Sean Combs, known professionally under the pseudonyms Puffy, Puff Daddy, P. Diddy or Diddy, has released six studio albums, one remix album and seventy-two singles – including thirty-three as a lead artist and thirty-nine as a featured artist.
Dangerous is the eighth studio album by American singer Michael Jackson. It was released by Epic Records on November 26, 1991. Jackson, Bill Bottrell, Teddy Riley, and Bruce Swedien co-produced the album. Dangerous was Jackson's first album since Forever, Michael (1975) not produced by longtime collaborator Quincy Jones. The album incorporates R&B, pop, rock, and a new genre in vogue at the time, new jack swing. Riley, credited as the creator of new jack swing, partook in the album to introduce Jackson to a younger urban audience. Jackson wrote or co-wrote 12 of the album's 14 songs, discoursing topics like racism, poverty, romance, self-improvement, and the welfare of children and the world.
Thriller 25 is the 25th anniversary edition reissue of American recording artist Michael Jackson's sixth studio album Thriller. The original album sold between 51 and 65 million copies worldwide, making it the world's best selling album of all time. The prospect of a "second chapter" to Thriller was first publicly discussed on Access Hollywood in late 2006. Jackson said he would discuss the idea with collaborator will.i.am. It was released in Australia on February 8, 2008, internationally on February 11, 2008, and in the United States on February 12, 2008 by Epic Records, Legacy Recordings and MJJ Productions.
Xscape is the twelfth studio album and second posthumous album by American entertainer Michael Jackson, composed of previously unreleased tracks that were recorded between 1983 to 1999. It was released on May 13, 2014 by Epic Records, MJJ Music and Sony Music, and is the tenth release by Sony and/or Motown since Jackson's death on June 25, 2009. L.A. Reid, chairman of Epic Records, curated and served as executive producer for the album enlisting Timbaland to lead a team of record producers, including StarGate, Jerome "J-Roc" Harmon, John McClain, and Rodney Jerkins, to remix and contemporize the eight selected tracks. Jerkins produced the title song and is the only original song producer to work on the final productions.
Scream is a compilation album by American singer Michael Jackson, released on September 29, 2017. The album compiles songs around a Halloween theme. It is the eleventh release by Sony and/or Motown since Jackson's death on June 25, 2009.