The Recording Academy

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The Recording Academy
Grammy-award-icon.png
Formation1957
Type Learned academy
Headquarters Santa Monica, California
Location
President
Neil Portnow
Affiliations The Latin Recording Academy
MusiCares
Website Official site

The Recording Academy (formally the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences; abbreviated NARAS) is an American learned academy of musicians, producers, recording engineers, and other musical professionals. It is famous for its Grammy Awards, which recognize achievements in the music industry.

A learned society is an organisation that exists to promote an academic discipline, profession, or a group of related disciplines such as the arts. Membership may be open to all, may require possession of some qualification, or may be an honour conferred by election.

Grammy Award Accolade by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States

A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry. The annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest. The Grammys are the second of the Big Three major music awards held annually.

Music industry companies and individuals that create and sell music

The music industry consists of the companies and individuals that earn money by creating new songs and pieces and selling live concerts and shows, audio and video recordings, compositions and sheet music, and the organizations and associations that aid and represent music creators. Among the many individuals and organizations that operate in the industry are: the songwriters and composers who create new songs and musical pieces; the singers, musicians, conductors and bandleaders who perform the music; the companies and professionals who create and sell recorded music and/or sheet music ; and those that help organize and present live music performances.

Contents

History

The Recording Academy's former headquarters in Santa Monica, California. National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences.JPG
The Recording Academy's former headquarters in Santa Monica, California.

The origin of the academy dates back to the beginning of the 1950s Hollywood Walk of Fame project. The Hollywood Chamber of Commerce asked the help of major recording industry executives in compiling a list of people in the music business who should be honored by Walk of Fame stars. [1] [2] The music committee, made up of these executives, compiled a list, but as they worked, they realized there were many more talented industry people who would not qualify to be recognized with a Hollywood Boulevard bronze star.

Hollywood Walk of Fame Entertainment hall of fame in Hollywood, Los Angeles

The Hollywood Walk of Fame comprises more than 2,600 five-pointed terrazzo and brass stars embedded in the sidewalks along 15 blocks of Hollywood Boulevard and three blocks of Vine Street in Hollywood, California. The stars are permanent public monuments to achievement in the entertainment industry, bearing the names of a mix of musicians, actors, directors, producers, musical and theatrical groups, fictional characters, and others. The Walk of Fame is administered by the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce and maintained by the self-financing Hollywood Historic Trust. It is a popular tourist destination, with a reported 10 million visitors in 2003. The Hollywood Chamber of Commerce holds trademark rights to the Hollywood Walk of Fame.

The founding committee members included Jesse Kaye, MGM Records; Lloyd Dunn and Richard Jones, Capitol Records; Sonny Burke and Milt Gabler, Decca Records; Dennis Farnon, RCA Records; and Axel Stordahl, Paul Weston, and Doris Day from Columbia Records. [3] This was the start of the academy and also of the Grammy Awards. [4] [5] [6]

Lloyd John Dunn is a founding member of the mixed-media and experimental sound art group the Tape-beatles and founder, publisher and editor of several small-press magazines, such as PhotoStatic and Retrofuturism. Since the early 1980s, he has been making work for a variety of media, including film, video, audio, print, and the web.


Sonny Burke was an American musical arranger, composer, Big Band leader and producer. In 1937, he graduated from Duke University, where he had formed and led the jazz big band known as the Duke Ambassadors.

Milt Gabler record producer from the United States

Milton Gabler was an American record producer, responsible for many innovations in the recording industry of the 20th century.

The Recording Academy was formally established in 1957.

The 1st Annual Grammy Awards was held simultaneously in two locations on May 4, 1959 - Beverly Hilton Hotel in Beverly Hills California, and Park Sheraton Hotel in New York City, [7] and 28 Grammys were awarded. The number of awards given grew and fluctuated over the years with categories added and removed, at one time reaching over 100. [8] The second Grammy Awards, also held in 1959, was the first ceremony to be televised, [9] but the ceremony was not aired live until the 13th Annual Grammy Awards in 1971. [10]

The 1st Annual Grammy Awards were held on May 4, 1959. They recognized musical accomplishments by performers for the year 1958. Two separate ceremonies were held simultaneously on the same day; the first in The Beverly Hilton hotel in Beverly Hills, California, and the second in the Park Sheraton Hotel in New York City. Ella Fitzgerald & Ross Bagdasarian won most awards with 3 each, whereas Count Basie, Domenico Modugno, and Henry Mancini, each won 2 awards.

The 2nd Annual Grammy Awards were held on November 29, 1959, at Los Angeles and New York. Hosted by Meredith Willson, this marked the first televised Grammy Award ceremony, and it was aired in episodes as special Sunday Showcase. It was held in the same year as the first Grammy Awards in 1959, and no award ceremony was held in 1960. These awards recognized musical accomplishments by performers for that particular year. Frank Sinatra and Duke Ellington each won three awards.

The 13th Annual Grammy Awards were held on 16 March 1971, and was the first time the ceremonies were broadcast on television by ABC. They recognized accomplishments by musicians from the year 1970. The ceremony was hosted by Andy Williams.

In 1997, the Recording Academy under Michael Greene launched The Latin Recording Academy , which produces the Latin Grammy Awards. Neil Portnow has served as president and CEO of the academy since 2002 and will conclude his tenure on July 31, 2019. [11] In May 2019, the Recording Academy named Deborah Dugan as its president and CEO. She will take office on August 1, 2019. [12] She is the first woman to lead the organization. [13]

The Latin Recording Academy organization

The Latin Recording Academy, formally known as the Latin Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences, is a multinational membership-based association composed of music industry professionals, musicians, producers, recording engineers, and other creative and technical recording professionals. They are dedicated to promoting Latin music and its makers, both inside and outside the United States. The academy is headquartered in Miami. The Latin Recording Academy is internationally known for the Latin Grammy Awards. Gabriel Abaroa serves as President and CEO of the organization.

Neil Portnow American music executive

Neil R. Portnow is the president of The Recording Academy. Portnow was formerly the vice-president of the West Coast division of Jive Records.

Deborah Dugan is an American music industry executive and the President-Elect of The Recording Academy.

Grammy Awards

Josh Knight and his Grammy Award (2012) Josh Knight with Grammy Award.jpg
Josh Knight and his Grammy Award (2012)
Patricia Price at the 57th Annual Grammy Awards Patricia Price 8va.jpg
Patricia Price at the 57th Annual Grammy Awards

The Grammy Awards are awards presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry. [14] The annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest. The Grammys are one of three major music awards held annually, including the American Music Awards, and the Billboard Music Awards. [15]

<i>Billboard</i> Music Award award

The Billboard Music Award is an honor given out annually by Billboard, a publication and music popularity chart covering the music business. The Billboard Music Awards show had been held annually since 1990 and the event was formerly held in December until it went dormant in 2006. The awards returned in 2011 and are now held annually in May as the last of the Big Three major music awards.

Organization

Producers and Engineers Wing

According to The Recording Academy, The Producers and Engineers Wing (P&E Wing) is a part of the academy made up of producers, engineers, mixers, and other technically involved professionals. [16] [17] The producers and engineers wing addresses various aspects of issues facing the recording profession. The P&E Wing also advocates for the use of professional usage of recording technology as well as the preservation of recordings.[ citation needed ]

The members of this division make up a large portion of those who vote on the Grammy Awards each year.[ citation needed ]

Grammy University Network

According to The Recording Academy, The Grammy University Network (Grammy U) is an organization for college students who are pursuing a career in the music industry. It offers forms of networking, interactive educational experiences and programs, advice from music professionals, and internship opportunities.[ citation needed ]

MusiCares

The Recording Academy supports the MusiCares Foundation, a philanthropic organization which provides money and services to musicians in an emergency or crisis.[ citation needed ]

Chapters

The academy has twelve chapters in various locations throughout the United States. The twelve chapters are in Atlanta, Chicago, Florida, Los Angeles, Memphis, Nashville, New York City, the Pacific Northwest, Philadelphia, San Francisco, Texas, and Washington D.C. [ citation needed ]

See also

Related Research Articles

The Grammy Award for Record of the Year is presented by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States to "honor artistic achievement, technical proficiency and overall excellence in the recording industry, without regard to sales or chart position." The Record of the Year award is one of the four most prestigious categories at the awards presented annually since the 1st Grammy Awards in 1959. According to the 54th Grammy Awards description guide, the award is presented:

for commercially released singles or tracks of new vocal or instrumental recordings. Tracks from a previous year's album may be entered provided the track was not entered the previous year and provided the album did not win a Grammy. Award to the artist(s), producer(s), recording engineer(s) and/or mixer(s) if other than the artist.

The Grammy Award for Album of the Year is presented by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States to "honor artistic achievement, technical proficiency and overall excellence in the recording industry, without regard to album sales, chart position, or critical reception." Album of the Year is the most prestigious award category at the Grammys having been presented since 1st Grammy Awards in 1959. According to the 54th Grammy Awards description guide, the award is presented:

For albums containing at least 51% playing time of new vocal or instrumental recordings. Award to the artist(s), and to the album producer(s), recording engineer(s) and/or mixer(s), and mastering engineer(s) if other than the artist.

Jimmy Iovine American music executive

James Iovine is an American record producer best known as the co-founder of Interscope Records. In 2006, Iovine and rapper-producer Dr. Dre founded Beats Electronics, which produces audio products and operated a now-defunct music streaming service. The company was purchased by Apple Inc. for $3 billion in May 2014.

Ray Dolby American engineer and inventor of the noise reduction system

Ray Milton Dolby was an American engineer and inventor of the noise reduction system known as Dolby NR. He helped develop the video tape recorder while at Ampex and was the founder of Dolby Laboratories.

Albert Harry Schmitt is an American recording engineer and record producer. He has won over twenty Grammy Awards for his work with Henry Mancini, Steely Dan, George Benson, Toto, Natalie Cole, Quincy Jones, and others.

Latin Grammy Award accolade by the Latin Academy of Recording Arts & Sciences of the United States

A Latin Grammy Award is an award by The Latin Recording Academy to recognize outstanding achievement in the Latin music industry. The Latin Grammy honors works produced anywhere around the world that were recorded in either Spanish or Portuguese and is awarded in the United States. Submissions of products recorded in regional languages from Latin America and the Iberian Peninsula of Hispanophone or Lusophone countries such as Catalan, Guarani, Quechua may also be considered. Both the regular Grammy Award and the Latin Grammy Award have similar nominating and voting processes, in which the selections are decided by peers within the Latin music industry.

Irving Azoff is an American entertainment executive and chairman of Full Stop Management, which represents recording artists.

Doug Morris American record producer

Doug Morris is an American record executive. He is the current chairman of Sony Music Entertainment. He previously served as chairman and CEO of the Universal Music Group from 1995 to 2011 and Sony Music Entertainment from 2011 to 2017.

Larry Ryckman Canadian businessman

Lawrence G. Ryckman is a music industry executive known for his knowledge of audio production and mastering and the development of patented audio and video technologies used in the music and entertainment industries. He is President and CEO of AfterMaster Audio Labs and Recording Studios in Hollywood, California, part of Scottsdale, Arizona-based Aftermaster, Inc. In November 2014, recording artist Justin Timberlake joined Ryckman as a co-owner of AfterMaster.

60th Annual Grammy Awards

The 60th Annual Grammy Awards ceremony was held on January 28, 2018. The CBS network broadcast the show live from Madison Square Garden in New York City. The show was moved to January to avoid coinciding with the 2018 Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang, as was the case in 2010 and 2014. James Corden returned as host.

The 62nd Annual Grammy Awards ceremony is scheduled for January 26, 2020, at Staples Center in Los Angeles. It will recognize the best recordings, compositions, and artists of the eligibility year, running from October 1, 2018, to August 31, 2019.

References

  1. "Hollywood Walk of Fame History". LA Times. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
  2. "Hollywood Walk of Fame History". Hollywood Walk of Fame. Retrieved May 21, 2011.
  3. ("Broadcasting" magazine 6-17-57.)
  4. Thomas, Bob (April 8, 1959). "Record Academy Plans TV Spectacular of Its Own". Ocala Star-Banner. Retrieved January 29, 2011.
  5. "Recording Stars Plan Eddie To Join Oscar And Emmy". The Deseret News. August 9, 1957. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
  6. "Bronze Stars Begot Grammy". The Robesonian. February 22, 1976. Retrieved May 2, 2011.
  7. "Grammy Awards 1959 (May)". Grammy.
  8. "Grammys history and winners through the years". Los Angeles Times. January 28, 2015.
  9. "Grammy Awards 1959". Grammy.
  10. "Grammy Awards 1971". Grammy.
  11. "Grammy President Neil Portnow To Step Down In 2019". NPR.org. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  12. Lewis, Randy. "Newly named Recording Academy CEO Deborah Dugan gives first interview on post-Portnow era". latimes.com. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  13. Lewis, Randy. "Newly named Recording Academy CEO Deborah Dugan gives first interview on post-Portnow era". latimes.com. Retrieved May 10, 2019.
  14. Aswad, Jem; Aswad, Jem (April 16, 2019). "Who Is Deborah Dugan, the New Boss of the Recording Academy?". Variety. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  15. "Drake has big night at Billboard Awards, wins top artist". NBC News. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  16. "About Programs - Producers & Engineers Wing". GRAMMY.com. February 1, 2018. Retrieved May 13, 2019.
  17. Edwards, Gavin; Edwards, Gavin (January 22, 2014). "Read Neil Young's Epic Grammy Speech". Rolling Stone. Retrieved May 13, 2019.