ARIA Charts

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The ARIA Charts logo, as introduced in November 2018 ARIA Charts Logo.png
The ARIA Charts logo, as introduced in November 2018

The ARIA Charts are the main Australian music sales charts, issued weekly by the Australian Recording Industry Association. The charts are a record of the highest selling songs and albums in various genres in Australia. ARIA became the official Australian music chart in June 1988, succeeding the Kent Music Report which had been Australia's national charts since 1974.

A record chart, also called a music chart, is a ranking of recorded music according to certain criteria during a given period of time. Although in the UK, the official chart has only included physical sales and paid-for streaming, many different criteria are used in worldwide charts, including record sales, the amount of radio airplay, and since the popularity of online consumption of music, the number of downloads and the amount of streaming activity.

Australian Recording Industry Association

The Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) is a trade group representing the Australian recording industry which was established in 1983 by six major record companies, EMI, Festival, CBS, RCA, WEA and Universal replacing the Association of Australian Record Manufacturers (AARM) which was formed in 1956. It oversees the collection, administration and distribution of music licenses and royalties.

Kent Music Report Australian music chart between 1974-1998

The Kent Music Report was a weekly record chart of Australian music singles and albums which was compiled by music enthusiast David Kent from May 1974 through to 1988. After 1988, the Australian Recording Industry Association, which had been using the report under licence for a number of years, chose to produce their own listing as the ARIA Charts.

Contents

History

The Go-Set charts were Australia's first national singles and albums charts published from 5 October 1966 until 24 August 1974. Succeeding Go-Set, the Kent Music Report began issuing the national top 100 charts in Australia from May 1974. The compiler, David Kent, also published Australia's national charts from 1940–1974 in a retrospective fashion using state based data. In mid 1983, the Australian Recording Industry Association commenced licensing the Kent Music Report chart. [1] The first printed national top 50 chart available in record stores, branded the Countdown chart, was dated the week ending 10 July 1983. [2]

Go-Set was the first Australian pop music newspaper, published weekly from 2 February 1966 to 24 August 1974, and was founded in Melbourne by Phillip Frazer, Peter Raphael and Tony Schauble. Widely described as a pop music "bible", it became an influential publication, introduced the first national pop record charts and featured many notable contributors including fashion designer Prue Acton, journalist Lily Brett, rock writer / band manager Vince Lovegrove, music commentator Ian Meldrum, rock writer / music historian Ed Nimmervoll and radio DJ Stan Rofe. It spawned the original Australian edition of Rolling Stone magazine in late 1972.

David Kent is an Australian music historian and pop culture writer. Kent produced the Kent Music Report, compiling the national music chart from May 1974 to 1996; it was known as the Australian Music Report from 1987. The music reports were a weekly listing of the National Top 100 chart positions of singles and albums. Kent's music reports were used by Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) as its official ARIA Charts from mid-1983 until July 1988 when ARIA developed an in-house chart.

<i>Countdown</i> (Australian TV series) Australian TV series

Countdown was a weekly Australian music television show broadcast by the Australian Broadcasting Corporation from 8 November 1974 until 19 July 1987. It was created by Executive Producer Michael Shrimpton, producer/director Robbie Weekes and record producer and music journalist Ian "Molly" Meldrum. Countdown was produced at the studios of the ABC in the Melbourne suburb of Ripponlea. It was screened Sunday night from 6:00pm to 7:00.

ARIA began compiling its own charts in-house from the chart survey dated 13 June 1988, corresponding with the printed top 50 chart dated week ending 26 June 1988. [3] Various artists compilation albums were initially included in the albums chart, as they had been on the Kent Report chart, until 2 July 1989, when a separate Compilations chart was created. [4] The ARIA Report, detailing the top 100 singles and albums charts, was first available via subscription in January 1990. [1] The printed top 50 chart ceased publication in June 1998, [5] but resumed publication later in the year. The printed top 50 chart again ceased publication at the end of 2000. [6]

The ARIA charts are based on data collected from physical and digital retailers in Australia. Data of physical sales come from retailers such as Sanity and JB Hi-Fi, while data of digital sales come from online retailers such as iTunes. [7] Since 17 February 1997, all physical sales data contributing towards the chart has been recorded electronically at point of sale. [6] In March 1991, "Do the Bartman" by The Simpsons was the first single to reach #1 in Australia that was not available on 7 inch vinyl, but cassingle only. [8]

Sanity is an Australian chain of music and entertainment stores and is the country's second largest retailer of recorded audio and video discs. It is privately owned by Ray Itaoui, and as of March 2015, Sanity comprises 155 outlets in every state and territory. The brand specialises in the sale of CDs, DVDs, Blu-rays and related merchandise and accessories, sold from its network of stores and website. The Sanity brand was owned and conceived by Brazin Limited from 1992, before being folded into BB Retail Capital in 2006, then became a company in its own right after it was divested to Itaoui in 2009.

JB Hi-Fi

JB Hi-Fi is an Australian retailer of consumer goods, specialising in video games, Ultra HD Blu-rays, Blu-rays, DVDs, CDs, electronics/hardware, electrical home appliances, mobile phones and a number of Telstra services.

iTunes Store digital media store

The iTunes Store is a software-based online digital media store operated by Apple Inc. that opened on April 28, 2003, as a result of Steve Jobs' push to open a digital marketplace for music. As of January 2017, iTunes offered over 35-40 million songs, 2.2 million apps, 25,000 TV shows, and 65,000 films. When it opened, it was the only legal digital catalog of music to offer songs from all five major record labels. As of June 2013, iTunes Store possessed 575 million active user accounts, and served over 315 million mobile devices, including Apple Watches, iPods, iPhones, Apple TV and iPads.

Starting from 8 October 2006, due to low physical single sales at the time, the ARIA singles chart included online data as well as physical sales. In 2006, it was announced that the Brazin retailing group, comprising major retailers HMV, Sanity and Virgin music/DVD stores would no longer contribute sales data to the ARIA charts. [9] [10] However, after a five-month absence, Brazin reportedly re-commenced contributing sales figures to the ARIA Charts on 26 November 2006. [11]

HMV is a UK based music and film retailer. The first HMV-branded store was opened by the Gramophone Company on Oxford Street in 1921, and the HMV name was also used for television and radio sets manufactured from the 1930s onwards. The retail side of the business began to expand in the 1960s, and in 1998 was divested from EMI, the successor to the Gramophone Company, to form what would become HMV Group.

The ARIA website publishes the top 50 singles and albums charts (truncated from the top 100), top 40 digital tracks chart (truncated from the top 50), and top 20 dance singles chart (truncated from the top 25). The ARIA Report lists all charts in full and is available via paid e-mail subscription each week. These reports are uploaded to the Pandora Archive periodically.

PANDORA is the national web archive for the preservation of Australia's online publications. It was established by the National Library of Australia in 1996, and is now built in collaboration with Australian state libraries and cultural collecting organisations, including the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies, the Australian War Memorial, and the National Film and Sound Archive.

Chart shows

On 5 February 2006, the ARIA Chart Show was a radio program launched on the Nova network and broadcast throughout Australia, playing the official ARIA top 50 singles. The live music program was hosted by Jabba each Sunday afternoon at 3:00pm. [12]

From 1 June 2013 to 3 September 2016, the Take 40 Australia radio program broadcast the official ARIA top 40 singles on Saturday afternoons, typically from 2:00 pm to 6:00 pm, on each state's Hit Network-owned radio station. [13] The show was aired before the top 50 chart, dated for the following Monday, is published on the ARIA website at 6:00 pm. [13] The charts were previously published online at 6:00 pm each Sunday. [13]

Charts

Number-one singles

Pre-2000:

2000 to present:

Top 10 singles

2006 to present:

Number-one albums

Pre-2000:

2000 to present:

Top 10 albums

2016 to present:

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 "The ARIA Chart Process (from The ARIA Report Issue No. 29)". Imgur.com. Retrieved 28 May 2016.
  2. "The first ARIA top 50 singles chart (Countdown, 3rd July 1983)". YouTube . Retrieved 19 December 2015.
  3. Scott, Gavin. "30 Years Ago This Week: June 26, 1988". chartbeats.com.au. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
  4. Scott, Gavin. "30 Years Ago This Week: July 2, 1989". chartbeats.com.au. Retrieved 24 March 2019.
  5. "The ARIA Chart 7 June 1998 (Victoria & Tasmania State Chart)". Imgur . Retrieved 29 December 2015.
  6. 1 2 "The ARIAnet Charts". Australian Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on 5 April 2001. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
  7. "ARIA Chart Stores". Australian Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on 14 December 2012. Retrieved 30 December 2013.
  8. "Chartifacts – Week Ending: 17 March 1991 (from The ARIA Report Issue No. 60)". Imgur.com. Retrieved 2 June 2016.
  9. "Undercover - Your Daily Music Fix". Archived from the original on 4 September 2006. Retrieved 6 November 2006.
  10. "Dining out: Lady Gaga turns heads".
  11. "Brazin Data Returns To Aus Charts". Archived from the original on 13 January 2009. Retrieved 12 December 2006.
  12. "Australian Record Industry Association". www.aria.com.au.
  13. 1 2 3 "Take 40, Top 40 Countdown Australia, Music Charts". ARIA Charts. 4 April 2016. Archived from the original on 16 April 2016. Retrieved 12 April 2016.
  14. Aria End of Decade Chart Retrieved 28 Mar 2010