Billboard charts

Last updated
Billboard logo BillboardLogo2013.svg
Billboard logo

The Billboard charts tabulate the relative weekly popularity of songs and albums in the United States and elsewhere. The results are published in Billboard magazine. Billboard biz, the online extension of the Billboard charts, provides additional weekly charts. [1] There are also Year End charts. [2] The charts may be dedicated to specific genre such as R&B, country or rock, or they may cover all genres. The charts can be ranked according to sales, streams or airplay, and for main song charts such as the Hot 100 song chart, all three pools of data are used to compile the charts. [3] For the Billboard 200 album chart, streams and track sales are included in addition to album sales. [4]

<i>Billboard</i> (magazine) American music magazine

Billboard is an American entertainment media brand owned by the Billboard-Hollywood Reporter Media Group, a division of Eldridge Industries. It publishes pieces involving news, video, opinion, reviews, events, and style, and is also known for its music charts, including the Hot 100 and Billboard 200, tracking the most popular songs and albums in different genres. It also hosts events, owns a publishing firm, and operates several TV shows.

The Billboard 200 is a record chart ranking the 200 most popular music albums and EPs in the United States. It is published weekly by Billboard magazine. It is frequently used to convey the popularity of an artist or groups of artists. Often, a recording act will be remembered by its "number ones", those of their albums that outperformed all others during at least one week. The chart grew from a weekly top 10 list in 1956 to become a top 200 in May 1967, and acquired its present title in March 1992. Its previous names include the Billboard Top LPs (1961–72), Billboard Top LPs & Tape (1972–84), Billboard Top 200 Albums (1984–85) and Billboard Top Pop Albums.

Contents

The weekly sales and streams charts are monitored on a Friday-to-Thursday cycle since July 2015, previously it was on a Monday-to-Sunday cycle. Radio airplay song charts however follows the Monday to Sunday cycle (previously Wednesday to Tuesday). [5] The charts are released each Tuesday with an issue date the following Saturday, four days later.

History, methods and description

On January 4, 1936, Billboard magazine published its first music hit parade. [6] The first Music Popularity Chart was calculated in July 1940. A variety of song charts followed, which were eventually consolidated into the Hot 100 by mid-1958. The Hot 100 currently combines single sales, radio airplay, digital downloads, and streaming activity (including data from YouTube and other video sites). All of the Billboard charts use this basic formula. What separates the charts is which stations and stores are used; each musical genre has a core audience or retail group. Each genre's department at Billboard is headed up by a chart manager, who makes these determinations.

A hit parade is a ranked list of the most popular recordings at a given point in time, usually determined by sales and/or airplay. The term originated in the 1930s; Billboard magazine published its first music hit parade on January 4, 1936. It has also been used by broadcast programs which featured hit tunes such as Your Hit Parade, which aired on radio and television in the United States from 1935 through the 1950s.

Single (music) Type of music release usually containing one or two tracks

In the music industry, a single is a type of release, typically a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record or an album. This can be released for sale to the public in a variety of different formats. In most cases, a single is a song that is released separately from an album, although it usually also appears on an album. Typically, these are the songs from albums that are released separately for promotional uses such as digital download or commercial radio airplay and are expected to be the most popular. In other cases a recording released as a single may not appear on an album.

Streaming media Continuous multimedia operated and presented to users by a provider

Streaming media is multimedia that is constantly received by and presented to an end-user while being delivered by a provider. The verb "to stream" refers to the process of delivering or obtaining media in this manner; the term refers to the delivery method of the medium, rather than the medium itself, and is an alternative to file downloading, a process in which the end-user obtains the entire file for the content before watching or listening to it.

For many years, a song had to be commercially available as a single to be considered for any of the Billboard charts. At the time, instead of using Nielsen SoundScan or Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems (BDS), Billboard obtained its data from manual reports filled out by radio stations and stores. According to the 50th Anniversary issue of Billboard, prior to the official implementation of SoundScan tracking in November 1991, many radio stations and retail stores removed songs from their manual reports after the associated record labels stopped promoting a particular single. Thus songs fell quickly after peaking and had shorter chart lives. In 1990, the country singles chart was the first chart to use SoundScan and BDS. They were followed by the Hot 100 and the R&B chart in 1991. Today, all of the Billboard charts use this technology.

Nielsen SoundScan is an information and sales tracking system created by Mike Fine and Mike Shalett in 1991. SoundScan is a method of tracking sales of music and music video products throughout the United States and Canada. Data is collected weekly and made available every Sunday and every Monday to subscribers, which include record companies, publishing firms, music retailers, independent promoters, film and TV companies, and artist managers. The Nielsen SoundScan is the sales source for the Billboard music charts, making it the largest source of sales records in the music industry.

Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems, better known as BDS, is a service that tracks monitored radio, television and internet airplay of songs based on the number of spins and detections. The service, which is a subsidiary of Nielsen Corporation provides the basis for Nielsen Media publication Billboard in the United States, while in Canada, BDS helps determine the Canadian BDS Airplay Chart and the Canadian Hot 100 chart, which is published by Jam! and in the website for Canadian Music Network, in determining their radio airplay music charts and determines the chart movement in Billboard's Hot 100 chart when combined with single sales from Nielsen SoundScan. From August 2006 to its final June 2009 publication, BDS also provided chart data for R&R after Nielsen acquired the trade. On September 10, 2009, the website Radio-Info.com struck a partnership with Nielsen BDS to provide radio airplay charts and related data for over 20 formats.

Country music, also known as country and western, and hillbilly music, is a genre of popular music that originated in the southern United States in the early 1920s. It takes its roots from genres such as American folk music and blues.

Originally, Billboard had separate charts for different measures of popularity, including disc jockey playings, juke box song selection, and best selling records in retail stores. A composite standing chart that combined these gradually grew to become a top 100, the predecessor to the current Hot 100 chart. The juke box chart ceased publication after the June 17, 1957 issue, the disk jockey chart, after the July 28, 1958 issue, and the best seller chart, after the October 13, 1958 issue. The July 28, 1958 issue was also the last issue that called the composite chart the "Top 100"; the following week began the "Hot 100". Billboard publishes many different charts, with the Hot 100 and Billboard 200 being the most famous. Billboard also has charts for the following music styles: rock, country, dance, bluegrass, jazz, classical, R&B, rap, electronic, pop, Latin, Christian music, comedy albums, catalog albums, and even ringtones for mobile (cell) phones. In 2009 Billboard partnered with MetroLyrics to offer top 10 lyrics for each of the charts.

Rock and roll is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s from musical styles such as gospel, jump blues, jazz, boogie woogie, and rhythm and blues, along with country music. While elements of what was to become rock and roll can be heard in blues records from the 1920s and in country records of the 1930s, the genre did not acquire its name until 1954.

Dance music music composed specifically to facilitate or accompany dancing

Dance music is music composed specifically to facilitate or accompany dancing. It can be either a whole musical piece or part of a larger musical arrangement. In terms of performance, the major categories are live dance music and recorded dance music. While there exist attestations of the combination of dance and music in ancient times, the earliest Western dance music that we can still reproduce with a degree of certainty are the surviving medieval dances. In the Baroque period, the major dance styles were noble court dances. In the classical music era, the minuet was frequently used as a third movement, although in this context it would not accompany any dancing. The waltz also arose later in the classical era. Both remained part of the romantic music period, which also saw the rise of various other nationalistic dance forms like the barcarolle, mazurka, ecossaise, ballade and polonaise.

Bluegrass music is a genre of American roots music that developed in the 1940s in the United States Appalachian region. The genre derives its name from the band Bill Monroe and the Blue Grass Boys. Bluegrass has roots in traditional English, Irish, and Scottish ballads and dance tunes, and by traditional African-American blues and jazz. The Blue Grass Boys played a Mountain Music style that Bill learned in Asheville, North Carolina from bands like Wade Mainer's and other popular acts on radio station WWNC. It was further developed by musicians who played with him, including 5-string banjo player Earl Scruggs and guitarist Lester Flatt. Bluegrass pioneer Bill Monroe characterized the genre as: "Scottish bagpipes and ole-time fiddlin'. It's Methodist and Holiness and Baptist. It's blues and jazz, and it has a high lonesome sound."

At the end of each year, Billboard tallies the results of all of its charts, and the results are published in a year-end issue and heard on year-end editions of its American Top 40 and American Country Countdown radio broadcasts. Between 1991 and 2006, the top single/album/artist(s) in each of those charts was/were awarded in the form of the annual Billboard Music Awards, which were held in December until the awards went dormant in 2007. The awards returned in May 2011.

<i>American Top 40</i>

American Top 40 is an internationally syndicated, independent song countdown radio program created by Casey Kasem, Don Bustany, Tom Rounds and Ron Jacobs. The program is currently hosted by Ryan Seacrest and presented as an adjunct to his weekday radio program, On Air with Ryan Seacrest.

American Country Countdown, also known as ACC, is a weekly internationally syndicated radio program which counts down the top 40 country songs of the previous week, from No. 40 to No. 1, according to the Billboard Country Airplay charts. The program premiered in 1973 and as of January 2006 is hosted by Kix Brooks.

Before September 1995, singles were allowed to chart in the week they first went on sale based on airplay points alone. The policy was changed in September 1995, to only allow a single to debut after a full week of sales on combined sales and airplay points. This allowed several tracks to debut at number one.

In December 1998, the policy was further modified to allow tracks to chart on the basis of airplay alone without a commercial release. This change was made to reflect the changing realities of the music business. Previous to this, several substantial radio and MTV hits had not appeared on the Billboard chart at all, because many major labels chose not to release them as standalone singles, hoping their unavailability would spur greater album sales. Not offering a popular song to the public as a single was unheard of before the 1970s. The genres that suffered most at the time were those that increasingly impacted pop culture, including new genres such as trip hop and grunge. Among the many pre-1999 songs that had ended up in this Hot 100 limbo were The Cardigans' "Lovefool", Natalie Imbruglia's "Torn" (which peaked at forty-two), Goo Goo Dolls' "Iris" (which hit #9), OMC's "How Bizarre", Sugar Ray's "Fly" and No Doubt's "Don't Speak".

On June 25, 2015, Billboard made changes in its chart requirements. The official street date for all new album releases was moved from Tuesday to Friday in the United States. For all sales-based charts (ranking both albums and tracks), Billboard and Nielsen changed the chart reporting period to cover the first seven days of an album's release. As a result of the changes, The Billboard 200, Top Albums Sales, Genre-based albums, Digital Songs, genre-based downloads, Streaming Songs, and genre-focused streaming surveys ran on a Friday to Thursday cycle. Radio Songs, which informs the Hot 100, synched to the Monday to Sunday period after formerly covering Wednesday to Tuesday. All other radio charts and genre tallies followed the Monday to Sunday cycle. The move was made to coincide with the IFPI's move to have all singles and albums released globally on Fridays. [5]

Incorporating digital platforms

Starting in 2005, Billboard changed its methodology to include paid digital downloads from digital music retailers such as Rhapsody, AmazonMP3 and iTunes. This change also allowed songs to chart with or without the help of radio airplay. This meant that a song did not need radio airplay to be eligible to chart on the Billboard Hot 100. With this policy change, a song could chart based on digital downloads alone. [7]

On July 31, 2007, Billboard changed its methodology for the Hot 100 chart to include digital streams. The digital information at the time was obtained from Yahoo and AOL's streaming platforms. This change was made exclusively to the Billboard Hot 100 Chart. The effect of this chart change was minuscule at the time because it was estimated to account for 5% of the chart's total points. [8]

In October 2012, Billboard significantly changed the methodology for their country, rock, Latin, and rap charts, when they incorporated sales of digital downloads and streaming plays into what had been airplay-only charts. Another change was that rather than measuring airplay only from radio stations of the particular genre, the new methodology measures airplay from all radio formats. [9] This methodology was extended to their Christian and gospel charts in late 2013. [10] These methodology changes resulted in higher positions on the genre charts for songs with crossover appeal to other genres and radio formats (especially pop) at the expense of songs that appeal almost exclusively to core fans of the given genre, which was controversial with those devotees. [11]

On February 20, 2013, Billboard announced another change in the methodology for their charts that incorporated YouTube video streaming data into the determination of ranking positions on their streaming charts. The incorporation of YouTube streaming data enhanced a formula that includes on-demand audio streaming and online radio streaming. The YouTube video streams that used in this methodology are official video streams, Vevo on YouTube streams, and user-generated clips that utilize authorized audio. Billboard said that this change was made to further reflect the divergent platforms of music consumption in today's world. [12]

Singles and tracks

All-genre

Chart titleChart typeNumber of
positions
Description
Billboard Hot 100 sales +
airplay +
streaming
100
  • The US music industry standard song popularity chart
Bubbling Under Hot 100 Singles 25
  • Ranks the top 25 songs below #100 that have not previously appeared on the Hot 100.
  • Positions do not directly correspond to positions 101-125 of an extended Hot 100, but many sources use this notation
Heatseekers Songs 25
  • Ranks songs from new artists/bands that have never attained the top 50 of the Hot 100.
  • If a song reaches the top 50, it and any of the artist's/band's subsequent singles are ineligible for the chart.
Radio Songs airplay
(audience)
50
  • Measures radio airplay audience impressions on 1,233 radio stations encompassing all formats.
  • One of the component charts of the Hot 100
Hot Singles Sales physical sales15
  • Measures sales of commercial singles
  • One of the component charts of the Hot 100
  • No recurrent chart
Digital Song Sales digital sales50
  • Ranks top-selling digital song sales
  • Combines different versions of songs for a summarized figure
  • One of the component charts of the Hot 100
Hot Digital Tracks 75
  • Ranks digital song sales with different versions of songs listed
  • No recurrent chart
Streaming Songs
streaming50
  • Ranks top-streaming songs
  • Combines different versions of songs for a summarized figure
  • One of the component charts of the Hot 100

R&B/Hip-Hop

Chart titleChart typeNumber of
positions
Description
Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs airplay + sales + streaming50 [upper-alpha 1] Ranks the most popular by combining airplay from all formats of radio stations, digital download sales, streaming data and YouTube views of R&B and hip-hop songs.
R&B/Hip-Hop Airplay airplay (audience)50Measures airplay based on audience impressions from various R&B/hip-hop stations.
Mainstream R&B/Hip-Hop airplay (spins)40Ranks songs by combining airplay base on radio plays (spins) from 76 R&B/hip-hop stations.
Adult R&B Songs airplay (spins)30Measures airplay from 65 Urban AC radio stations.
R&B/Hip-Hop Digital Song Salesdigital sales25Top-downloaded R&B/hip-hop songs, ranked by sales data as compiled by Nielsen SoundScan.
Bubbling Under R&B/Hip-Hop Singles airplay + sales + streaming15Ranks the top 15 songs below #50 that have not previously appeared on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs chart.
Rhythmic Top 40 airplay (spins)40Measures airplay spins on 72 rhythmic stations. Rhythmic is a music radio format that includes of a mix of dance, upbeat rhythmic pop, hip hop and R&B hits. These stations also contribute to Dance/Mix Show Airplay panel
Hot Rap Songs airplay + sales + streaming25Ranks the top 25 hip-hop/rap songs by combining airplay from all formats of radio stations, digital download sales, streaming data and YouTube views of rap songs.
Rap Airplayairplay (spins)25Ranks the top 25 hip-hop/rap songs by airplay spins from R&B/hip-hop and rhythmic radio stations
Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Recurrentsairplay (spins)20Ranks songs that have fallen below No. 50 on Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs and have been on that chart for over 20 weeks.
Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Recurrent Airplayairplay (spins)20Ranks the songs that have fallen below No. 25 on the Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Airplay chart and have been on that chart for over 20 weeks.
R&B Songs airplay + sales + streaming25Ranks the top 25 R&B songs by combining airplay from all formats of radio stations, digital download sales, streaming data and YouTube views of R&B songs.

Adult/Pop

Chart titleChart typeNumber of
positions
Description
Mainstream Top 40 (also Pop Songs)airplay (spins)40Measures airplay detections (spins) on 157 Contemporary hit radio stations. These stations also contribute to the Dance/Mix Show Airplay panel
Adult Top 40 (also Adult Pop Songs)40Measures airplay spins on 90 Hot adult contemporary stations
Adult Contemporary 30Measures airplay spins on 85 adult contemporary stations
Pop Digital Songsdigital sales50Top-downloaded pop songs, ranked by sales data as compiled by Nielsen SoundScan.

Country

Chart titleChart typeNumber of
positions
Description
Hot Country Songs sales + all format airplay + streaming50Combines sales, airplay from all radio formats and streaming data
Country Airplay airplay (audience)60Measures airplay audience impression on 128 country music stations
Country Digital Songsdigital sales50Top-downloaded country songs, ranked by sales data as compiled by Nielsen SoundScan.
Country Streaming Songsstreaming50Most streamed country songs.

Rock

Chart titleChart typeNumber of
positions
Description
Hot Rock Songs Sales, airplay,
and streaming
50Ranks the top rock songs based on radio airplay across all formats, sales data, and streaming activity
Rock AirplayAirplay (audience)50Airplay audience impressions on mainstream rock, alternative, and Triple A radio stations
Rock Digital SongsDigital sales50Top-downloaded rock songs, ranked by sales data as compiled by Nielsen SoundScan
Alternative Songs (also Alternative)Airplay (spins)40Measures airplay spins on 50 alternative/modern rock stations
Alternative Digital SongsDigital sales25Top-downloaded songs classified as alternative, ranked by sales data as compiled by Nielsen SoundScan. Component of Rock Digital Songs.
Mainstream Rock Airplay (spins)40Measures airplay spins on 77 mainstream rock radio stations encompassing active rock and heritage rock
Adult Alternative Songs (Triple A)40Measures airplay spins on 24 adult album alternative radio stations
Hard Rock Digital SongsDigital sales25Top-downloaded songs classified as hard rock, ranked by sales data as compiled by Nielsen SoundScan. Component of Rock Digital Songs.

Dance

Chart titleChart typeNumber of
positions
Description
Dance Club Songs reports from DJs50
  • Compiled exclusively from playlists submitted by nightclub disc jockeys, who must apply and meet certain criteria to become Billboard-reporting DJs
Dance/Electronic Songs Continuous airplay, single sales, digital downloads, online streaming, reports from DJs50
  • A chart which uses the same methodology as the Hot 100, which tracks the top Dance/Electronic singles based on club play reports, monitored airplay, single sales, digital downloads and monitored online streaming.
  • The songs will be used to determine eligibility for entry into the Hot 100.
  • Criteria will be based on the song's tempo.
  • Remixed versions of Pop, Rock, R&B, Hip-Hop and/or songs of other genres are ineligible for this chart.
  • This chart uses the components of the Club Play, Dance/Mix Show, Digital Songs and Streaming Songs chart.
Dance/Mix Show Airplay Continuous airplay (Spins from exclusive reporters)
Mix show airplay (Spins from Mainstream and Rhythmic stations)
40
  • Originally called Hot Dance Airplay when it was launched in 2003. A monitored dance music radio chart of 6 dance stations that came about as a result of the small but influential impact of dance music on the radio and the stations that program it.
  • Renamed Dance/Mix Show Airplay chart on November 19, 2011. The chart now includes the 157 Mainstream Top 40 and 67 Rhythmic Top 40 reporters that features mix shows in their programming.
  • Expanded to 40 positions, effective with the December 6, 2014 issue.
Dance/Electronic Digital Songs digital sales50
  • A chart that tracks the digital download sales of dance/electronic music singles, including tracks that are exclusively available online only. This chart also includes previously released dance and disco songs that became available for downloading.
Dance/Electronic Digital Streaming Songsstreaming25
  • A chart that tracks the week's top Dance/Electronic streamed radio songs and on-demand songs and videos on leading online music services.

Latin

Chart titleChart typeDescription
Hot Latin Songs Sales + airplay + streamingThe Hot Latin Songs (formerly Hot Latin Tracks) is a weekly music chart that ranks the top fifty Spanish language singles in the American music market. It was established by the magazine in 1986, when music labels and Billboard realized that Spanish-language songs had a great potential to the American audience. As of October 11, 2012, the chart is based on airplay, digital downloads, and streaming for Latin songs and only predominately Spanish-language songs are eligible to rank on this chart.
Latin AirplayAirplay (spins)The Latin Airplay is a weekly music chart that ranks the most performed song on Spanish-language radio stations in the United States and Puerto Rico.
Latin Digital Songs Digital salesRanks the top-selling Spanish-language digital sales as compiled by Nielsen SoundScan.
Latin Pop Airplay Airplay (spins)The Latin Pop Airplay is a weekly monitored Latin pop music radio chart that ranks the most played Latin pop songs on Latin music stations. It was established by the magazine in 1994.
Latin Regional Mexican Airplay Airplay (spins)The Latin Regional Mexican Airplay is a weekly chart that ranks regional Mexican music information from different genres like Mariachi, Norteño, Banda and Duranguense. This chart is based on airplay from 65 regional Mexican stations; the radio charts are compiled using information tracked by from Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems. It was established by the magazine in 1994.
Latin Tropical Airplay Airplay (spins)The Latin Tropical Airplay (a.k.a., Latin Tropical/Salsa Airplay) is a weekly monitored chart that ranks tropical music information from different genres like Merengue, Salsa, Bachata, Guaracha and others on 18 Latin music stations. It was established by the magazine in 1994.
Latin Rhythm Airplay Airplay (spins)The Latin Rhythm Airplay chart comprises singles and tracks from artists who represent the Hispanic rhythmic/Hurban genre including Reggaeton, Hispanic R&B/hip-hop, rhythmic pop/dance and crossovers from English-language and/or bilingual acts, monitoring 15 Latin rhythm radio stations. This chart came about as a result of radio stations tapping into the growing second and third generation Hispanic audience who wanted a Spanish-speaking or bilingual alternative to the formats they felt represented them. The magazine established it in 2005.
Latin Streaming SongsStreamingThe Latin Streaming Songs chart is a weekly monitored chart that ranks Latin streamed radio songs and on-demand songs and music videos on leading online music services.

Christian

Chart titleChart typeNumber of
positions
Description
Christian Songs Sales, streaming, all format airplay50Combines sales, airplay from all radio formats, and streaming data
Christian Digital SongsDigital downloads50Top-downloaded Christian songs, ranked by sales data as compiled by Nielsen SoundScan
Christian Streaming SongsStreaming50Most streamed Christian songs
Christian Airplay Airplay (audience)50Audience impressions from Christian AC, Hot AC/CHR, Soft AC, and Christian Rock stations
Christian AC SongsAirplay (spins)30Measures airplay spins on Christian adult contemporary stations
Christian Hot AC/CHRAirplay (spins)Measures airplay spins on Christian CHR stations
Christian Soft ACAirplay (spins)Measures airplay spins on Christian Soft ACstations
Christian RockAirplay (spins)Measures airplay spins on Christian rock stations
Christian AC IndicatorAirplay (spins)
Gospel SongsSales, streaming, allformat airplay30

Jazz

Chart titleChart typeNumber of
positions
Description
Smooth Jazz Songsairplay (spins)30Measures airplay spins on 14 smooth jazz stations

Holiday

Chart titleChart typeNumber of
positions
Description
Holiday 100 [13] Sales, streaming and airplay100Combines sales, airplay and streaming data. Only in December.
Holiday Digital SongsDigital downloads50Top-downloaded Holiday songs, ranked by sales data as compiled by Nielsen SoundScan.
Holiday Streaming SongsStreaming50Most streamed Holiday songs. Only in December.
Holiday AirplayAirplay (audience)50Audience impressions from all radio stations. Only in December.

Ringtones

Chart titleChart typeNumber of
positions
Description
Hot Ringtonesringtone sale40Ranks weekly sales of polyphonic ringtones for mobile phones, launched in 2004 [14]
Hot RingMasters40Ranks weekly sales of master ringtones for mobile phones
Hot Videoclips25Ranks top 25 most popular music videos according to digital sales and TV play on shows such as TRL and 106 & Park

Spotify

Chart titleChart typeNumber of
positions
Description
Spotify VelocityStreaming30Ranks top-streaming songs on Spotify [15]
Viral 50Streaming50Ranks top-streaming independent songs on Spotify [16]
Spotify RewindStreaming30Ranks top-streaming old/classic songs on Spotify [15]

Canadian charts

Chart titleChart typeNumber of
positions
Description
Canadian Hot 100 airplay + sales + streaming [17] 100
  • Canadian music industry standard singles popularity chart
Emerging Canadian Artist30
  • Ranks most popular songs by emerging Canadian artists
  • Artists are considered emerging until 12 months after the date their first Canadian Hot 100 charting entry reaches the top 40.
  • No recurrent chart
Hot Digital Songsdigital sales75
  • Ranks top-selling digital song sales
  • Combines different versions of songs for summarized figure
  • one of the component charts of Canadian Hot 100
  • No recurrent chart
Hot 100 Airplayairplay (audience)75
  • Measures radio airplay audience impressions on 137 radio stations from five different formats
  • One of the component charts of Canadian Hot 100
All-format Airplayairplay (spins)50
  • Measures radio airplay spins on 137 radio stations from five formats.
  • A 100-position chart was previously available at Jam! Canoe website.
CHR/Top 40 Airplay50
  • Measures radio airplay spins on 25 CHR radio stations
AC Airplay50
  • Measures radio airplay spins on 28 AC radio stations
Hot AC Airplay50
  • Measures radio airplay spins on 24 Hot AC radio stations
Country Airplay 50
  • Measures radio airplay spins on 31 country radio stations
Rock Airplay50
  • Measures radio airplay spins on 29 rock radio stations

International charts

Chart titleDescription
Argentina Hot 100 Ranks the top 100 singles in Argentina based on airplay, digital downloads, and streaming.
China Top 100 Ranks the best-selling local singles in China.
Euro Digital SongsRanks the best-selling digital singles and tracks in Europe.
Japan Hot 100 Ranks the best-selling singles and tracks in Japan.
Korea K-Pop Hot 100 Ranks the best-selling singles in South Korea.
Mexican Airplay Ranks the most listened singles in Mexico.
Mexican Espanol Airplay Ranks the most listened singles in Spanish-language in Mexico.
Mexico Ingles Airplay Ranks the most listened singles in English-language in Mexico.
Philippine Top 20 Ranks the best-performing local songs in the Philippines.
World Digital Song SalesRanks the best-selling international digital singles in the United States.

Discontinued charts

Chart titleDiscontinuation
date
Description
Comprehensive Music Video2012 (?)
  • Ranked the best-selling music DVDs, including those not in full retail distribution
Country Singles Sales2005
  • Ranked the best-selling commercial country singles
Brasil Hot 100 Airplay 2019
  • Ranks the most listened singles and tracks in Brazil.
  • Discontinued in January 2019, after weeks without publishing on the site. Subsequently, it announced the end of Billboard Brazil (which had previously stopped publishing the magazine in print). [18] The chart continued to be published by Crowley Broadcast Analysis, which monitored the data, which had already launched Crowley Charts in 2018 and released the chart with the name Top 100 Brazil. [19]
Euro Digital TracksNovember 29, 2014
  • Ranked the best-selling digital tracks in Europe
European Hot 100 Singles December 11, 2010
  • Ranked the best-selling singles in Europe by combining sales from various countries in Europe.
Global Dance TracksJune 29, 2013
  • A weekly international survey of the songs that were popular in dance clubs globally.
Hot Dance Singles Sales 2013
  • A chart that measured the sale of commercially released singles in the dance music market, including remixes. It was formerly known as Hot Dance Music/Maxi-Singles Sales, when the chart was restricted to sales of the 12-inch maxi single and CD maxi single format. In recent years, singles only released in the CD single format have apparently been counted too.
Philippine Hot 100 January 15, 2018
  • Ranked the best-performing songs in the Philippines.
Pop 100 June 13, 2009
  • Ranked songs by combining airplay focused on pop radio and sales
  • The chart's importance is replaced by the Mainstream Top 40 chart
Pop 100 Airplay
  • Measured airplay on pop music radio
  • One of three component charts of the Pop 100
Top 40 Tracks March 2005
  • Debuted in December 1998 ranking songs by audience impressions on Mainstream, Adult, and Rhythmic Top 40 radio stations
  • Discontinued with the introduction of the Pop 100 and Pop 100 Airplay charts

Notes

  1. 100 positions prior to October 2012.

Albums

Chart titleNo. of
positions
Description
Billboard 200 200
  • Industry standard, includes albums from any genre.
  • Includes both new and catalog albums.
  • Includes data from on-demand streaming services [4]
Top Album Sales 100
  • A pure album sales chart.
Top Current Albums100
  • The same chart as Top Album Sales, with catalog titles removed
Top Pop Catalog Albums 50
  • An album becomes a catalog title when it is more than 18 months
    old and has fallen below position 100 on the Billboard 200.
Top Internet Albums40
  • Ranks physical albums ordered through Internet merchants.
Tastemakers
  • Ranked albums based on "an influential panel of indie stores and
    small regional chains." [20]
Digital Albums50
Heatseekers Albums 25
  • Ranks albums from new artists/bands that have never attained the
    top 100 of the Billboard 200.
  • If an album reaches the top 100, it and any of the artist's/band's
    subsequent albums are ineligible for the chart.
Heatseekers Albums (East North Central)
Heatseekers Albums (Middle Atlantic)
Heatseekers Albums (Mountain)
Heatseekers Albums (Northeast)
Heatseekers Albums (Pacific)
Heatseekers Albums (South Atlantic)
Heatseekers Albums (South Central)
Heatseekers Albums (West North Central)
Independent Albums 50
Top Rock Albums 50
Alternative Albums 25
Hard Rock Albums 25
Americana/Folk Albums25
Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums 50
R&B/Hip-Hop Catalog Albums25
Rap Albums 25
R&B Albums25
  • Ranks top R&B albums by sales as compiled by Nielsen Music.
    Albums must be less than 18 months old, or if older than
    18 months then they must reside on the Billboard 200's top 100. [21]
Top Country Albums50
Country Catalog Albums25
Bluegrass Albums 15
Top Latin Albums 50
  • Ranks the best-selling Latin albums weekly. An album must have at
    least 51% of its content recorded in Spanish to rank on this chart.
Regional Mexican Albums 20
Latin Pop Albums 20
Tropical Albums 20
Latin Rhythm Albums 15
Classical Albums Top Classical Albums
Traditional Classical Albums
Classical Crossover Albums
Classical Budget/Midline Albums
Christian Albums 50
Gospel Albums 40
Christian & Gospel Albums
Jazz Albums 35
Traditional Jazz Albums15
Contemporary Jazz Albums15
  • Debuted on February 28, 1987 with 25 positions. [22]
Dance/Electronic Albums 25
Blues Albums 15
Cast Albums
Comedy Albums 10
Compilation Albums20
Holiday Albums 50
Kid Albums15
New Age Albums
Reggae Albums 10
Soundtracks 30
Vinyl Albums 25
World Albums15
  • Debuted on May 19, 1990. [23]
  • Ranks biggest-selling world music albums, including catalog titles.
Canadian Albums 100

Video

Chart titleNumber of
positions
Description
Music Video DVD100
  • Industry standard, includes video albums from any genre. [24]

Other charts

In December 2010, Billboard announced a new chart titled Social 50 , which ranks the most active artists on the world's leading social networking sites. The Social 50 chart tallies artists' popularity using their weekly additions of friends/fans/followers, along with weekly artist page views and weekly song plays on Myspace, YouTube, Facebook, Twitter and iLike. [25]

In January 2011, Billboard introduced another chart called Uncharted , which lists new and developing artists, who are yet to appear on any major Billboard chart, "...regardless of their country of origin." [26] The ranking is based on the views and fans on social networking websites like Myspace and Facebook. To appear on Uncharted, the artists must be registered Myspace Music artists, and should not have appeared on any major Billboard charts before. [26]

In May 2014, after the Korea K-Pop Hot 100 chart was discontinued in the U.S., the Billboard K-Town column continued to provide chart information for K-pop artists on all Billboard charts. [27] [28]

The Billboard Artist 100 began in 2014.

Further reading

Related Research Articles

The Billboard Hot 100 is the music industry standard record chart in the United States for songs, published weekly by Billboard magazine. Chart rankings are based on sales, radio play, and online streaming in the United States.

The Pop 100 was a songs chart that debuted in February 2005 and was released weekly by Billboard magazine in the United States until its discontinuation in 2009. It ranked songs based on airplay on Mainstream Top 40 radio stations, singles sales and digital downloads.

Hot Country Songs Weekly chart published by Billboard

Hot Country Songs is a chart published weekly by Billboard magazine in the United States.

Top Heatseekers are "Breaking and Entering" music charts issued weekly by Billboard magazine. The Heatseekers Albums and the Heatseekers Songs charts were introduced by Billboard in 1991 with the purpose of highlighting the sales by new and developing musical recording artists. Albums and songs appearing on Top Heatseekers may also concurrently appear on the Billboard 200 or Billboard Hot 100.

The Billboard Hot Latin Songs is a record chart in the United States for Latin songs, published weekly by Billboard magazine. Since October 2012, chart rankings are based on digital sales, radio airplay, and online streaming, and only predominantly Spanish-language songs are allowed to rank. The chart was established by the magazine on September 6, 1986 and was originally based on airplay on Latin music radio stations. Songs on the chart were not necessarily in Spanish language, since a few songs in English and Portuguese language have also charted.

Top Latin Albums is a record chart published by Billboard magazine and is labeled as the most important music chart for Spanish language, full-length albums in the American music market. Like all Billboard album charts, the chart is based on sales. Nielsen SoundScan compiles the sales data from merchants representing more than 90 percent of the U.S. music retail market. The sample includes sales at music stores, the music departments of electronics and department stores, direct-to-consumer transactions, and Internet sales of physical albums or digital downloads. A limited array of verifiable sales from concert venues is also tabulated. To rank on this chart, an album must have 51% or more of its content recorded in Spanish. Listings of Top Latin Albums are also shown on Telemundo's music page through a partnership between the two companies. Before this, the first chart regarding latin music albums in the magazine was published on December 30, 1972 issue. Then, all Latin music information was featured on the Latin Pop Albums chart, which began on June 29, 1985, and is still running along with the Regional Mexican Albums and Tropical Albums chart. The Latin Pop Albums chart features music only from the pop genre, while the Regional Mexican Albums chart includes information from different genres like duranguense, norteño, banda and mariachi, and the Tropical Albums includes different genres particularly salsa, merengue, bachata, and cumbia. In 2005, another chart; Latin Rhythm Albums was introduced in response to growing number of airplays from reggaeton. On the week ending January 31, 2017, Billboard updated the methodology to compile the Top Latin Albums chart into a multi-metric methodology to include track equivalent album units and streaming equivalent albums units.

Heartless (Kanye West song) 2008 single by Kanye West

"Heartless" is a song by American hip hop artist Kanye West, released on November 4, 2008 digitally as the second single for his fourth studio album, 808s & Heartbreak. The song, a noticeable departure from his previous rap songs, features West singing through an Auto-Tune processor to an ex-lover over the break-up of a relationship. The song has received critical acclaim, with many calling it a highlight of its parent album. It debuted at the number four spot on the Billboard Hot 100 where it eventually peaked at number two and reached number-one on the Billboard Hot Rap Tracks and U.S. Hot 100 Airplay chart. The song's music video, which makes use of rotoscoped animation, received praise from critics, who complimented its art style and noted its innovation. The singles cover art is also notable as it is unique to the other tracks in the album due to it not having a heart: it is infact heartless

<i>Billboard</i> Top Latin Songs Year-End Chart Wikimedia list article

The Year-End charts for the Top Latin Songs chart are published in the last issue of Billboard magazine every year. The chart was based on information provided by Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems, which collected radio airplay information until October 2012 when the methodology was changed to include digital downloads and streaming activity. The Year-End charts represent aggregated numbers from the weekly charts that were compiled for each artist, song and record company.

Cruise (song) 2013 song by Florida Georgia Line

"Cruise" is a song recorded by American country music duo Florida Georgia Line. It was first released to iTunes in April 2012 and then to radio in August 2012 as the first single from their extended play It'z Just What We Do. It was written by group members Brian Kelley and Tyler Hubbard with Joey Moi, Chase Rice, and Jesse Rice. It is included on their first album for Republic Nashville, Here's to the Good Times, which was released on December 4. "Cruise" is the best-selling country digital song of all time in the United States as of January 2014. The song is considered the foremost example of the genre of country music termed "bro-country".

Demons (Imagine Dragons song) Song written and recorded by American indie rock band Imagine Dragons

"Demons" is a song by American rock band Imagine Dragons. It was written by Imagine Dragons and Alex da Kid, and produced by Alex da Kid. The song appears on their major-label debut extended play Continued Silence and also makes an appearance on their debut studio album Night Visions as the fourth track. "Demons" was solicited to American triple-A radio stations on January 28, 2013 and to modern rock stations on April 1 and serves as the album's overall fifth single and was released as the third single from Night Visions in the United States, and was later released to contemporary hit radio stations on 17 September 2013 as an official single. The lyrics portray the protagonist warning the significant other of his or her flaws.

The Dance/Electronic Songs chart has been published weekly by Billboard since January 2013. It is the first chart to be published that ranks the most popular dance and electronic songs according to airplay audience impressions, digital downloads, streaming and club play and it was introduced as a result of in an increase in the genre's popularity.

Country Airplay is a chart published weekly by Billboard magazine in the United States since January 20, 1990.

New Flame song by Chris Brown

"New Flame" is a song recorded by American singer Chris Brown. It was originally released as a promotional single from Brown's album on March 5, 2014. This version only featured American rapper Rick Ross as a guest artist. A few months later, a day after the 2014 BET Awards were held, the single version of the song featuring Ross and American R&B singer Usher was released on June 30, 2014, as the fifth official single from his sixth studio album X. The song peaked at number 27 on the US Billboard Hot 100 and number 10 in the United Kingdom.

One Dance 2016 song by Canadian rapper Drake

"One Dance" is a song by Canadian rapper Drake from his fourth studio album, Views (2016). It features guest vocals from Nigerian Afrobeat artist Wizkid and British singer Kyla. Wizkid is credited as the writer and a co-producer of the record, although the artists co-wrote the dancehall and Afrobeat song with its joint producers Nineteen85, DJ Maphorisa, Noah "40" Shebib. Crazy Cousinz and Kyla received songwriting credits for the sampling of their 2008 UK funky song "Do You Mind".

Billboard JAPAN is a sister organization of the U.S.-based music magazine Billboard. It is operated by the Japanese Osaka-based company Hanshin Contents Link, holding an exclusive licence from Billboard's parent company to the Billboard brand name in Japan, and manages, among others, the web site www.billboard-japan.com and several "Billboard Live"-branded music clubs located in the country.

Album-equivalent unit measurement unit in the music industry

The album-equivalent unit is a measurement unit in music industry to define the consumption of music that equals the purchase of one album copy. This consumption includes streaming and song downloads in addition to traditional album sales. The album-equivalent unit was introduced in the mid-2010s as an answer to the drop of album sales in the 21st century. Album sales more than halved from 1999 to 2009, declining from a $14.6 to $6.3 billion industry. For instance, the only albums that went platinum in the United States in 2014 were the Frozen soundtrack and Taylor Swift's 1989, whereas several artists did in 2013.

Perfect (Ed Sheeran song) 2017 single by Andrea Bocelli

"Perfect" is a song by English singer-songwriter Ed Sheeran from his third studio album, ÷ (2017). After the album's release it charted at number four on the UK Singles Chart. On 21 August 2017, Billboard announced that "Perfect" would be the fourth single from the album. The song was serviced to pop radio on 26 September 2017, as the third single from the album in the United States. The song eventually reached number one on the UK Singles Chart and the US Billboard Hot 100 in December 2017. "Perfect" became the UK Christmas number-one song for 2017, and also peaked at number one in sixteen other countries, including Australia, Canada, Ireland and New Zealand.

References

  1. Billboard biz charts, Billboard's online reference for the music community, retrieved on December 6, 2014
  2. "Charts – Year End". Billboard.
  3. "Billboard Charts Legend". Billboard.
  4. 1 2 "Billboard 200 Makeover: Album Chart to Incorporate Streams & Track Sales". Billboard. Billboard. November 19, 2014. Retrieved April 28, 2016.
  5. 1 2 "Billboard to Alter Chart Tracking Week for Global Release Date" from Billboard (June 24, 2015)
  6. Sale, Jonathan (January 4, 1996). "Sixty years of hits, from Sinatra to ... Sinatra". The Independent . Retrieved January 3, 2017.
  7. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. (February 12, 2005). Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. p. 64. ISSN   0006-2510 . Retrieved July 25, 2013.
  8. "Hot 100 To Include Digital Streams". Billboard. July 31, 2007. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  9. Knopper, Steve (October 19, 2012). "Fans React as Billboard Changes Charts Formula". Rolling Stone . Retrieved January 26, 2013.
  10. Billboard staff (November 25, 2013). "Billboard Christian & Gospel Charts to Get a Consumer-Focused Facelift". Billboard . Retrieved November 27, 2013.
  11. Chris Molanphy (April 14, 2014). "I Know You Got Soul: The Trouble With Billboard's R&B/Hip-Hop Chart". Pitchfork . Retrieved January 21, 2019.
  12. "Hot 100 News: Billboard and Nielsen Add YouTube Video Streaming to Platforms". Billboard. February 20, 2013. Retrieved November 9, 2013.
  13. "Ariana Grande – Chart History: Holiday 100". Billboard . December 5, 2014. Retrieved December 5, 2014.
  14. "Billboard Bows Ringtones Chart | Billboard". Billboard. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
  15. 1 2 "Spotify Velocity". Billboard . Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  16. "Viral 50". Billboard . Retrieved December 28, 2016.
  17. "Billboard's Canadian Hot 100 Now Incorporates Spotify Listening". Billboard . December 23, 2014. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
  18. "Exclusivo: após 10 anos de atuação, Billboard Brasil encerra operações no país". Mundo da Música. April 1, 2019. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
  19. "Crowley Charts: Ferramenta de monitoramento de músicas". Agência Métrica. March 14, 2019. Retrieved May 25, 2019.
  20. Binkert, Lisa. "Bruno Mars Live: Billboard Tastemakers". Billboard . Retrieved October 23, 2010.
  21. "Billboard R&B Albums". billboard.com. Retrieved December 16, 2015. Description per "How it works" section of webpage.
  22. "Billboard #1 Contemporary Jazz Albums of 1987". JAZZ LPS.
  23. "Billboard World Albums – Week Ending May 19, 1990". Billboard .
  24. "Billboard – Music Video DVD". Billboard. Billboard. Retrieved November 21, 2016.
  25. Billboard debuts new Social 50 chart. Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved December 5, 2010
  26. 1 2 "Billboard – Music Charts, Music News, Artist Photo Gallery & Free Video". Billboard.
  27. "Korea K-Pop Hot 100". Billboard . Retrieved October 9, 2014.
  28. Benjamin, Jeff (April 9, 2014). "Billboard K-Pop Hot 100 Launches; Sistar Is No. 1 on New Korea Chart". Yahoo! Music . Retrieved October 9, 2014.