The Billboard 200 is a record chart ranking the 200 most popular music albums and EPs in the United States. It is published weekly by Billboard magazine. It is frequently used to convey the popularity of an artist or groups of artists. Often, a recording act will be remembered by its "number ones", those of their albums that outperformed all others during at least one week. The chart grew from a weekly top 10 list in 1956 to become a top 200 in May 1967, and acquired its present title in March 1992. Its previous names include the Billboard Top LPs (1961–72), Billboard Top LPs & Tape (1972–84), Billboard Top 200 Albums (1984–85) and Billboard Top Pop Albums.
A record chart, also called a music chart, is a ranking of recorded music according to certain criteria during a given period of time. Many different criteria are used in worldwide charts, often in combination. These include record sales, the amount of radio airplay, the number of downloads, and the amount of streaming activity.
An album is a collection of audio recordings issued as a collection on compact disc (CD), vinyl, audio tape, or another medium. Albums of recorded music were developed in the early 20th century as individual 78-rpm records collected in a bound book resembling a photograph album; this format evolved after 1948 into single vinyl LP records played at 33 1⁄3 rpm. Vinyl LPs are still issued, though album sales in the 21st-century have mostly focused on CD and MP3 formats. The audio cassette was a format widely used alongside vinyl from the 1970s into the first decade of the 2000s.
An extended play record, often referred to as an EP, is a musical recording that contains more tracks than a single, but is usually unqualified as an album or LP. Contemporary EPs generally contain a minimum of three tracks and maximum of six tracks, and are considered "less expensive and time-consuming" for an artist to produce than an album. An EP originally referred to specific types of vinyl records other than 78 rpm standard play (SP) and LP, but it is now applied to mid-length CDs and downloads as well.
The chart is based mostly on sales (both at retail and digital) of albums in the United States. The weekly sales period was originally Monday to Sunday when Nielsen started tracking sales in 1991, but since July 2015, tracking week begins on Friday (to coincide with the Global Release Date of the music industry) and ends on Thursday. A new chart is published the following Tuesday with an issue post-dated to the Saturday of that week, four days later.The chart's streaming schedule is also tracked from Friday to Thursday.
Retail is the process of selling consumer goods or services to customers through multiple channels of distribution to earn a profit. Retailers satisfy demand identified through a supply chain. The term "retailer" is typically applied where a service provider fills the small orders of a large number of individuals, who are end-users, rather than large orders of a small number of wholesale, corporate or government clientele. Shopping generally refers to the act of buying products. Sometimes this is done to obtain final goods, including necessities such as food and clothing; sometimes it takes place as a recreational activity. Recreational shopping often involves window shopping and browsing: it does not always result in a purchase.
A music download is the digital transfer of music via the Internet into a device capable of decoding and playing it, such as a home computer, MP3 player or smartphone. This term encompasses both legal downloads and downloads of copyrighted material without permission or legal payment. According to a Nielsen report, downloadable music accounted for 55.9% of all music sales in the US in 2012. By the beginning of 2011, Apple's iTunes Store alone made US$1.1 billion of revenue in the first quarter of its fiscal year.
The music industry consists of the companies and individuals that earn money by creating new songs and pieces and selling live concerts and shows, audio and video recordings, compositions and sheet music, and the organizations and associations that aid and represent music creators. Among the many individuals and organizations that operate in the industry are: the songwriters and composers who create new songs and musical pieces; the singers, musicians, conductors and bandleaders who perform the music; the companies and professionals who create and sell recorded music and/or sheet music ; and those that help organize and present live music performances.
New product is released to the American market on Fridays. Digital downloads of albums are also included in Billboard 200 tabulation. Albums that are not licensed for retail sale in the United States (yet purchased in the U.S. as imports) are not eligible to chart. A long-standing policy which made titles that are sold exclusively by specific retail outlets (such as Walmart and Starbucks) ineligible for charting, was reversed on November 7, 2007, and took effect in the issue dated November 17.
Walmart Inc. is an American multinational retail corporation that operates a chain of hypermarkets, discount department stores, and grocery stores, headquartered in Bentonville, Arkansas. The company was founded by Sam Walton in 1962 and incorporated on October 31, 1969. It also owns and operates Sam's Club retail warehouses. As of July 31, 2019, Walmart has 11,389 stores and clubs in 27 countries, operating under 55 different names. The company operates under the name Walmart in the United States and Canada, as Walmart de México y Centroamérica in Mexico and Central America, as Asda in the United Kingdom, as the Seiyu Group in Japan, and as Best Price in India. It has wholly owned operations in Argentina, Chile, Canada, and South Africa. Since August 2018, Walmart only holds a minority stake in Walmart Brasil, which was renamed Grupo Big in August 2019, with 20-percent of the company's shares, and private equity firm Advent International holding 80-percent ownership of the company.
Starbucks Corporation is an American coffee company and coffeehouse chain. Starbucks was founded in Seattle, Washington in 1971. As of early 2019, the company operates over 30,000 locations worldwide.
Beginning with the December 13, 2014 issue, Billboard updated the methodology of their album chart to also include on-demand streaming and digital track sales (as measured by Nielsen SoundScan) by way of a new algorithm, utilizing data from all of the major on-demand audio subscription and online music sales services in the United States.
As of the issue dated August 24, 2019, the current number-one album on the Billboard 200 is We Are Not Your Kind by Slipknot.
We Are Not Your Kind is the sixth studio album by American heavy metal band Slipknot. Recorded at EastWest Studios in Hollywood, California with co-producer Greg Fidelman, it was released on August 9, 2019 by Roadrunner Records. The title is taken from a lyric in the song "All Out Life", which was released as a standalone single in 2018 and features as a bonus track on the Japanese edition of the album. We Are Not Your Kind is the first Slipknot album not to feature percussionist Chris Fehn, who was dismissed in March 2019 after suing the group for alleged unpaid royalties.
Slipknot is an American heavy metal band from Des Moines, Iowa. The band was founded in 1995 by percussionist Shawn Crahan, drummer Joey Jordison and bassist Paul Gray. After several lineup changes in its early years, the band settled on nine members for more than a decade: Crahan, Jordison, Gray, Craig Jones, Mick Thomson, Corey Taylor, Sid Wilson, Chris Fehn, and Jim Root. Gray died on May 24, 2010, and was replaced during 2011–2014 by guitarist Donnie Steele. Jordison left the band due to illness on December 12, 2013. Steele left during the recording sessions for .5: The Gray Chapter. The band found replacements in Alessandro Venturella on bass and Jay Weinberg on drums. After the departure of Jordison, as of December 2013 the only founding member in the current lineup is percussionist Crahan. Fehn left the band due to lawsuit on March 18, 2019.
Billboard began an album chart in 1945. Initially only five positions long, the album chart was not published on a weekly basis, sometimes three to seven weeks passing before it was updated. A biweekly (though with a few gaps), 15-position Best-Selling Popular Albums chart appeared in 1955. With the increase in album sales as the early 1950s format wars stabilized into market dominance by 45 RPM singles and long-playing twelve-inch albums, with 78 RPM record and long-playing ten-inch album sales decreasing dramatically, Billboard premiered a weekly Best-Selling Popular Albums chart on March 24, 1956. The position count varied anywhere from 10 to 30 albums. The first number-one album on the new weekly list was Belafonte by Harry Belafonte. The chart was renamed to Best-Selling Pop Albums later in 1956, and then to Best-Selling Pop LPs in 1957.
Harry Belafonte is an American singer, songwriter, activist, and actor. One of the most successful Jamaican-American pop stars in history, he was dubbed the "King of Calypso" for popularizing the Caribbean musical style with an international audience in the 1950s. His breakthrough album Calypso (1956) is the first million-selling LP by a single artist. Belafonte is perhaps best known for his recording of "The Banana Boat Song", with its signature lyric "Day-O". He has recorded and performed many genres, including blues, folk, gospel, show tunes, and American standards. He has also starred in several films, including Otto Preminger's hit musical Carmen Jones (1954), Island in the Sun (1957), and Robert Wise's Odds Against Tomorrow (1959).
Beginning on May 25, 1959, Billboard split the ranking into two charts Best-Selling Stereophonic LPs for stereo albums (30 positions) and Best-Selling Monophonic LPs for mono albums (50 positions). These were renamed to Stereo Action Charts (30 positions) and Mono Action Charts (40 positions) in 1960. In January 1961, they became Action Albums—Stereophonic (15 positions) and Action Albums—Monophonic (25 positions). Three months later, they became Top LPs—Stereo (50 positions) and Top LPs—Monaural (150 positions).
On August 17, 1963 the stereo and mono charts were combined into a 150-position chart called Top LPs. On April 1, 1967, the chart was expanded to 175 positions, then finally to 200 positions on May 13, 1967. In February 1972, the album chart's title was changed to Top LPs & Tape; in 1984, it was retitled Top 200 Albums; in 1985, it was retitled again to Top Pop Albums; in 1991, it became The Billboard 200 Top Albums; and it was given its current title of The Billboard 200 on March 14, 1992.
In 1960, Billboard began concurrently publishing album charts which ranked sales of older or mid-priced titles. These Essential Inventory charts were divided by stereo and mono albums, and featured titles that had already appeared on the main stereo and mono album charts. Mono albums were moved to the Essential Inventory—Mono chart (25 positions) after spending 40 weeks on the Mono Action Chart, and stereo albums were moved to the Essential Inventory—Stereo chart (20 positions) after 20 weeks on the Stereo Action Chart.
In January 1961, the Action Charts became Action Albums—Monophonic (24 positions), and Action Albums—Stereophonic (15 positions). Albums appeared on either chart for up to nine weeks, then were moved to an Essential Inventory list of approximately 200 titles, with no numerical ranking. This list continued to be published until the consolidated Top LPs chart debuted in 1963.
In 1982, Billboard began publishing a Midline Albums chart (alternatively titled Midline LPs) which ranked older or mid-priced titles. The chart held 50 positions and was published on a bi-weekly (and later tri-weekly) basis.
On May 25, 1991, Billboard premiered the Top Pop Catalog Albums chart. The criteria for this chart were albums that were more than 18 months old and had fallen below position 100 on the Billboard 200.An album needed not have charted on the Billboard 200 at all to qualify for catalog status.
Starting with the issue dated December 5, 2009, however, the catalog limitations which removed albums over 18 months old, that have dropped below position 100 and have no currently-running single, from the Billboard 200 was lifted, turning the chart into an all-inclusive list of the 200 highest-selling albums in the country (essentially changing Top Comprehensive Albums into the Billboard 200). A new chart that keeps the previous criteria for the Billboard 200 (dubbed Top Current Albums ) was also introduced in the same issue.
Billboard has adjusted its policies for Christmasand holiday albums several times. The albums were eligible for the main album charts until 1963, when a Christmas Albums list was created. Albums appearing here were not listed on the Top LPs chart. In 1974, this rule was reverted and holiday albums again appeared within the main list.
In 1983, the Christmas Albums chart was resurrected, but a title's appearance here did not disqualify it from appearing on the Top Pop Albums chart. In 1994 the chart was retitled Top Holiday Albums. As of 2009 the chart holds 50 positions and is run for several weeks during the end-of-calendar-year holiday season. Its current policy allows holiday albums to concurrently chart on the Top Holiday Albums list and the Billboard 200.
Since May 25, 1991, the Billboard 200's positions have been derived from Nielsen SoundScan sales data, as of 2008 [update] contributed by approximately 14,000 music sellers. Because these numbers are supplied by a subset of sellers rather than record labels, it is common for these numbers to be substantially lower than those reported by the Recording Industry Association of America when Gold, Platinum and Diamond album awards are announced (RIAA awards reflect wholesale shipments, not retail sales).
Beginning with the December 13, 2014 issue, Billboard updated the methodology of its album chart again, changing from a "pure sales-based ranking" to one measuring "multi-metric consumption".With this overhaul, the Billboard 200 includes on-demand streaming and digital track sales (as measured by Nielsen SoundScan) by way of a new algorithm, utilizing data from all of the major on-demand audio subscription services including Spotify, Beats Music, Google Play and Xbox Music. Under the new methodology, ten track sales or 1,500 song streams from an album are treated as equivalent to one purchase of the album. Billboard will continue to publish a pure album sales chart, called Top Album Sales, that maintains the traditional Billboard 200 methodology, based exclusively on SoundScan's sales data.
Billboard's "chart year" runs from the first week of December to the final week in November. This altered calendar allows for Billboard to calculate year-end charts and release them in time for its final print issue in the last week of December. Prior to Nielsen SoundScan, year-end charts were calculated by an inverse-point system based solely on an album's performance on the Billboard 200 (for example, an album would be given one point for a week spent at position 200, two points for a week spent at position 199... up to 200 points for each week spent at number one). Other factors including the total weeks on the chart and at its peak position were calculated into an album's year-end total.
After Billboard began obtaining sales information from Nielsen SoundScan, the year-end charts are now calculated by a very straightforward cumulative total of yearlong sales. This gives a more accurate picture of any given year's best-selling albums, as a title that hypothetically spent nine weeks at number one in March could possibly have sold fewer copies than one spending six weeks at number three in January. Albums at the peak of their popularity at the time of the November/December chart-year cutoff many times end up ranked lower than one would expect on a year-end tally, yet are ranked on the following year's chart as well, as their cumulative points are split between the two chart-years.
The Billboard 200 can be helpful to radio stations as an indication of the types of music listeners are interested in hearing. Retailers can also find it useful as a way to determine which recordings should be given the most prominent display in a store. Other outlets, such as airline music services, also employ the Billboard charts to determine their programming.
In 2015, Billboard magazine compiled a ranking of the 100 best-performing albums on the chart over the 52 years, along with the best-performing artists.Shown below are the top 10 albums and top 10 artists over the 52-year period of the Billboard 200, through October 2015. Also shown are the artists placing the most albums on the overall "all-time" top 100 album list.
|Rank||Album||Year released||Artist(s)||Peak and duration|
|Adele||#1 for 24 weeks|
|2||The Sound of Music|
|Soundtrack||#1 for 2 weeks|
|Michael Jackson||#1 for 37 weeks|
|Taylor Swift||#1 for 11 weeks|
|5||Born in the U.S.A.|
|Bruce Springsteen||#1 for 7 weeks|
|6||Ropin' the Wind|
|Garth Brooks||#1 for 18 weeks|
|7||Jagged Little Pill|
|Alanis Morissette||#1 for 12 weeks|
|Soundtrack||#1 for 1 week|
|9||All the Right Reasons|
|Nickelback||#1 for 1 week|
|Carole King||#1 for 15 weeks|
|2||The Rolling Stones|
|Number of |
|The Beatles||Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band (54), A Hard Day's Night (105), 1 (131), Abbey Road (135), Meet the Beatles! (187)|
|Taylor Swift||Fearless (4), Taylor Swift (18), 1989 (64), Red (140)|
|Led Zeppelin||Led Zeppelin II (146), Houses of the Holy (185), Led Zeppelin IV (194), In Through the Out Door (198)|
|Michael Jackson||Thriller (3), Bad (138), Off the Wall (149)|
|Nickelback||All the Right Reasons (9), Silver Side Up (162), Dark Horse (182)|
|Whitney Houston||Whitney Houston (11), The Bodyguard (23), Whitney (159)|
|Herb Alpert||Whipped Cream & Other Delights (13), Going Places (44), What Now My Love (170)|
|Elton John||Goodbye Yellow Brick Road (39), Honky Château (145), Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy (175)|
|Mariah Carey||Mariah Carey (50), The Emancipation of Mimi (52), Music Box (87)|
|Janet Jackson||Control (72), Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814 (94), Janet (119)|
|Garth Brooks||Ropin' the Wind (6), No Fences (29)|
|Fleetwood Mac||Rumours (15), Fleetwood Mac (74)|
|Celine Dion||Falling into You (21), Let's Talk About Love (164)|
|Pink Floyd||The Dark Side of the Moon (31), The Wall (92)|
|Creed||Human Clay (34), Weathered (181)|
|Santana||Supernatural (36), Abraxas (114)|
|Backstreet Boys||Backstreet Boys (42), Millennium (70)|
|Eminem||The Eminem Show (56), Recovery (93)|
|Boyz II Men||II (61), Cooleyhighharmony (129)|
|Green Day||American Idiot (73), Dookie (172)|
|Nelly||Country Grammar (85), Nellyville (174)|
|John Denver||John Denver's Greatest Hits (86), Back Home Again (193)|
|Chicago||Chicago II (89), Chicago V (165)|
|The Black Eyed Peas||The E.N.D (96), Monkey Business (134)|
|Justin Timberlake||FutureSex/LoveSounds (97), The 20/20 Experience (200)|
|Mumford & Sons||Sigh No More (106), Babel (116)|
|Alicia Keys||Songs in A Minor (107), As I Am (128)|
|NSYNC||No Strings Attached (111), NSYNC (137)|
|The Monkees||The Monkees (132), More of the Monkees (156)|
|Eagles||The Long Run (148), One of These Nights (155)|
|Billy Joel||Glass Houses (168), 52nd Street (191)|
|The Rolling Stones|
|Dave Matthews Band|
|7||Dave Matthews Band|
List of the ten acts with the most weeks at No. 1 on the Billboard 200 since August 17, 1963.
The following artists are the only ones with 30 or more top-ten albums:
Note: As a musician, Paul McCartney has the most top 10 albums, with 51. This includes 32 with The Beatles, 7 albums with the group Wings, 1 album credited to him and his first wife Linda McCartney, and 11 solo albums.
|54||West Side Story †||Soundtrack||1962–63|
|South Pacific ‡||Soundtrack||1958–59|
|Purple Rain||Prince and the Revolution/Soundtrack||1984–85|
|Saturday Night Fever: The Original Movie Sound Track||Bee Gees/Soundtrack||1978|
|21||Please Hammer, Don't Hurt 'Em||MC Hammer||1990|
|20||The Bodyguard: Original Soundtrack Album||Whitney Houston/Soundtrack||1992–93|
|Blue Hawaii ɤ||Elvis Presley/Soundtrack||1961–62|
† The West Side Story Soundtrack ran for 53 weeks at number one on the stereo album chart; it was number one for twelve weeks on the mono album chart.
‡ The South Pacific Soundtrack ran for 28 weeks at number one on the stereo album chart; it was number one for three weeks on the mono album chart.
ɤ This is the Blue Hawaii album's run on the mono album chart; it was number one for four weeks on the stereo album chart.
|943||The Dark Side of the Moon||Pink Floyd|
|587*||Legend||Bob Marley and the Wailers|
|577*||Journey's Greatest Hits||Journey|
|490†||Johnny's Greatest Hits||Johnny Mathis|
|483*||Greatest Hits||Guns N' Roses|
|480†||My Fair Lady||Original Cast Recording|
|458*||Curtain Call: The Hits||Eminem|
|Doo-Wops & Hooligans||Bruno Mars|
|432*||Chronicle: The 20 Greatest Hits||Creedence Clearwater Revival|
|372*||Back in Black||AC/DC|
|359*||Night Visions||Imagine Dragons|
|357||The Eminem Show||Eminem|
|355*||Good Kid, M.A.A.D City||Kendrick Lamar|
† Pre-Billboard 200 and Billboard 200
Here are the albums to complete the 10 longest rises to No. 1 on the Billboard 200 since the adoption of Nielsen Music data in 1991.
|Weeks to No. 1||Artist||Album||Date Reached No. 1|
|63||Various||O Brother, Where Art Thou? Soundtrack||March 23, 2002|
|52||Live||Throwing Copper||May 6, 1995|
|49||No Doubt||Tragic Kingdom||December 21, 1996|
|46||Norah Jones||Come Away with Me||January 25, 2003|
|44||Hootie & The Blowfish||Cracked Rear View||May 27, 1995|
|40||Prince||The Very Best of Prince||May 7, 2016|
|31||Toni Braxton||Toni Braxton||February 26, 1994|
|28||Celine Dion||Falling into You||October 5, 1996|
|27||Eric Clapton||Unplugged||March 13, 1993|
|26||Shaggy||Hotshot||February 17, 2001|
|Van Cliburn||Tchaikovsky: Piano Concerto No. 1||1958|
|Bob Newhart||The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart||1960|
|Bob Newhart||The Button-Down Mind Strikes Back!||1961|
|Judy Garland||Judy at Carnegie Hall|
|Vaughn Meader||The First Family||1962|
|Frank Fontaine||Songs I Sing on the Jackie Gleason Show||1963|
|Blind Faith||Blind Faith||1969|
|Pantera||Far Beyond Driven||1994|
|Bob Carlisle||Butterfly Kisses (Shades of Grace)||1997|
|Marilyn Manson||Mechanical Animals||1998|
|Marilyn Manson||The Golden Age of Grotesque||2003|
|Slipknot||All Hope Is Gone||2008|
|The Decemberists||The King Is Dead||2011|
|Amos Lee||Mission Bell|
|TobyMac||Eye on It||2012|
|Chris Tomlin||Burning Lights||2013|
|Vampire Weekend||Modern Vampires of the City|
|Slipknot||.5: The Gray Chapter|
|Brand New||Science Fiction||2017|
|LCD Soundsystem||American Dream|
|Vampire Weekend||Father of the Bride||2019|
|Slipknot||We Are Not Your Kind|
Note: Newhart, Meader, and Fontaine's albums were all #1 on the mono chart, but not on the stereo chart.
This section needs additional citations for verification . (March 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
1 is a compilation album by the English rock band the Beatles, originally released on 13 November 2000. The album features virtually every number-one single the band achieved in the United Kingdom and United States from 1962 to 1970. Issued on the 30th anniversary of the band's break-up, it was their first compilation available on only one CD. 1 was a commercial success and topped the charts worldwide. It has sold over 31 million copies.
The Digital Songs or Digital Song Sales chart ranks the best-selling digital songs in the United States, as compiled by Nielsen SoundScan and published by Billboard magazine. Although it originally started tracking song sales the week of October 30, 2004, it officially debuted in the issue dated January 22, 2005, and merged all versions of a song sold from digital music distributors. Its data was incorporated in the Hot 100 three weeks later. Since October 2004, digital sales have been incorporated into many of Billboard's music singles charts. The decision was based on the dramatic increase of the digital market while commercial single sales in a physical format were becoming negligible.
Billboard Year-End charts are a cumulative measure of a single or album's performance in the United States, based upon the Billboard magazine charts during any given chart year. Billboard's "chart year" runs from the first Billboard "week" of December to the final week in November, but because the Billboard week is dated in advance of publication, the last calendar week for which sales are counted is usually the third week in November. This altered calendar allows for Billboard to calculate year-end charts and release them in time for its final print issue in the last week of December. Prior to incorporating chart data from Nielsen SoundScan, year-end charts were calculated by an inverse-point system based solely on a title's performance. Other factors including the total weeks a song spent on the chart and at its peak position were calculated into its year-end total. The same method was used for albums based on the Billboard 200, and songs appearing on the other charts.
Canadian singer Michael Bublé has released eight studio albums, three live albums, nine EPs, seventeen singles, and fourteen music videos. His records are being distributed by the label Warner Bros. Records and also by its subsidiaries Reprise Records and 143 Records.
Glee: The Music, Volume 3 Showstoppers is a soundtrack album by the cast of the American television series Glee. The album contains songs from the second half of the show's first season, except for the episodes "The Power of Madonna" and "Journey to Regionals", songs from which feature on the extended plays Glee: The Music, The Power of Madonna and Glee: The Music, Journey to Regionals respectively. The album was released on May 18, 2010. Two editions are available: a standard edition containing 14 songs, and a deluxe edition, featuring 20 songs. Showstoppers debuted at No. 1 on the US Billboard 200, selling 136,000 copies in the first week. On November 21, 2010, it was announced that the album won Favorite Soundtrack of the Year at the American Music Awards.
Now That's What I Call Music! 53 is the 53rd edition of the Now! series in the United States. It was released on February 3, 2015. It features 21 tracks including the Billboard Hot 100 number-one hit "Uptown Funk".
At one point in 1963, three of their albums were in the top six Billboard best-selling LPs as they became the biggest stars of the folk revival movement.
Billboard's chart history shows Lecrae has no songs that charted on Hot 100.
Billboard's chart history shows Slipknot has no songs that charted on Hot 100.
Billboard's chart history shows Brand New has no songs that charted on Hot 100.
Billboard's chart history shows LCD Soundsystem has no songs that charted on Hot 100.