European Hot 100 Singles

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The European Hot 100 Singles was compiled by Billboard and Music & Media magazine from March 1984 until December 2010. The chart was based on national singles sales charts in 17 European countries: Austria, Belgium (separately for Flanders and Wallonia), Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom.

Contents

By the issue dated/week ending November 13, 2010, the European Hot 100 had accumulated 400 number one hits. The final chart was published on December 11, 2010, following the news of Billboard closing their London office and letting their UK-based staff go. [1] The final number one single on the chart was "Only Girl (in the World)" by Rihanna. Currently, MRC Data-based Euro Digital Song Sales is the only pan-European music chart that Billboard is publishing.[ citation needed ]

History

Europarade Top 40

The first attempt at a Europe-wide chart was the Europarade, which was started in early 1976 by the Dutch TROS radio network. The chart initially consisted of only six countries: the Netherlands, UK, France, Germany, Belgium and Spain. In 1979 Italy and Denmark were added and during 1980, Austria and Switzerland were included. Ireland was added as the eleventh country in October 1983. The compilers collected the top 15 records from each country and then awarded corresponding points, depending which positions between 1 and 15 each record stood at. The "Europarade" was published in Music Week and the Dutch magazine Hitkrant.

Euro Hot 100

In March 1984, Music & Media magazine in Amsterdam started their own singles chart, "European Top 100 Singles", which they published as a Eurotip sheet for the first two years. The chart was based on national singles sales charts in sixteen European countries: Austria, Belgium (separately for Flanders and Wallonia), Denmark, Finland, France, West Germany, Greece, Portugal, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Norway, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. This chart was accumulated by taking the chart positions in each country combined with the national sales percentage of records in that particular country.

In 1986–87, the official Eurochart also became a music TV show on Music Box with Dutch presenter Erik de Zwart. A syndicated radio show, 'The Coca-Cola Eurochart Hot 100' was also introduced on UK commercial radio and was definitely being broadcast in summer-autumn 1989 and January to April 1991; however, its precise start and end dates are not known. Hosted by Pat Sharp, it was broadcast on a number of stations including Radio Trent, BRMB, Viking FM and GWR FM. A TV version was broadcast on Super Channel during 1989 and 1990, and it was hosted by Dutch presenter Caroline Tensen. The Eurochart quickly gained momentum, as it started to include more countries. On April 26, 1986, Music & Media appears as the new name of the magazine in partnership with Billboard.

Chart achievements

Artists achievements

Most number-one singles

Self-replacement at number-one

"Bad" replaced "I Just Can't Stop Loving You" (October 1987)
"Say You'll Be There" replaced "Wannabe" (November 1996)
"Meet Me Halfway" replaced "I Gotta Feeling" (December 2009)
"Only Girl (In the World)" replaced "Love the Way You Lie" (November 2010)

Simultaneously occupying the top of the singles and albums charts

Madonna is the artist which has scored the most simultaneous number-ones with seven singles and six albums, followed by Michael Jackson with five singles and three albums and Lady Gaga with three singles and one album.

Songs achievements

Entered at number-one

Most weeks at number-one

Non-English language number-ones

These songs are partly in English, but also partly another language.

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References

  1. "Billboard closing London office". CMU. Retrieved 15 February 2011.