You Are Not Alone

Last updated

"You Are Not Alone"
You Are Not Alone.jpg
Standard artwork (U.S. CD single pictured)
Single by Michael Jackson
from the album HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I
B-side "Scream Louder"
ReleasedAugust 15, 1995
RecordedNovember 1994
Studio Chicago Recording Company
(Chicago, Illinois) [1]
Genre
Length5:45
Label Epic
Songwriter(s) Robert Kelly
Producer(s)
  • R. Kelly
  • Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson singles chronology
"Scream" / "Childhood"
(1995)
"You Are Not Alone"
(1995)
"Earth Song"
(1995)
Music video
"You Are Not Alone" on YouTube
Audio sample
"You Are Not Alone"

"You Are Not Alone" is a song by American singer-songwriter Michael Jackson from his ninth studio album HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I (1995). It was released on August 15, 1995 as the second single from the album. The song was re-released in 2006, as part of Jackson's Visionary: The Video Singles collection box set, where it re-entered at number 30 in the UK Singles Chart in 2006. [2] The pop and R&B ballad was written by American R&B singer R. Kelly for Michael Jackson in response to difficult times in his own personal life. Kelly sent a bare demo tape to Jackson, who liked the song and decided to produce it with him in his Chicago studio. Jackson's interest in the song was also linked to recent events in his personal life.

Contents

The song's corresponding music video, which featured Jackson and his then-wife Lisa Marie Presley, featured scenes of semi-nudity. "You Are Not Alone" received a generally positive critical reception and was the recipient of Grammy and American Music Award nominations. The song was a commercial success. It holds a Guinness World Record as the first song in the then-37-year history of the Billboard Hot 100 to debut at number one, and was later certified platinum by the RIAA. The track also topped the charts in Austria, Belgium, France, Ireland, New Zealand, Poland, Romania, Scotland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom. "You Are Not Alone" was Michael Jackson's thirteenth and last number one single in the United States during his lifetime.

After Jackson's death in June 2009, Kelly paid tribute to him by including a version of the song on his studio album Love Letter (2010). In 2011, a clip of the song was remixed with the song "I Just Can't Stop Loving You"; the final "Immortal Version" was released on the Immortal album.

Production and composition

"You Are Not Alone" is a pop and R&B ballad about love and isolation. [3] [4] [5] The song was written by R. Kelly and produced by Kelly and Jackson. [4] Kelly wrote the song after losing close people in his life. [6] Kelly was delighted to be able to work with his idol, explaining "I was psyched ... I feel I could have done his whole album. Not being selfish. I was just that geeked about it. It was an experience out of this world ... It's amazing to know that five years ago I was writing songs in a basement in the ghetto and now I'm writing for Michael Jackson ... I'd be a fool not to say it's a dream come true." [7] Jackson contacted Kelly to see if he had any material available. Kelly forwarded a tape recording of the song and Jackson then agreed to work with Kelly on the piece. [7] On the tape sent to Jackson, Kelly sung "You Are Not Alone" mimicking Jackson's vocal style, explaining, "I think I am him. I become him. I want him to feel that as well." Jackson found the interpretation amusing. [8] They spent the last week of November 1994 together in the studio working on the track. [7]

Jackson explained that he instantly liked the song, but listened to it twice before making his final decision. Although the song was written by Kelly, Jackson was adamant that the production should be a collaborative effort among the two musicians. [6] The tape sent to him had no harmony or modulations, so Jackson added a choir in the final portion and added a sense of climax and structure to the final piece. [9] The song is written in the key of B major. The song has a tempo of 60 beats per minute, making it one of Jackson's slowest songs. [10]

Plagiarism

In 1993, Edward and Daniel van Passel wrote the score to a new song entitled "If We Can Start All Over". It was registered with the Belgian Society of Authors, Composers and Publishers (SABAM), that same year. To date, the score has never been commercially released, which can only be found in sheet music form, which does not contain information about the timbre, rhythm or harmony. [11]

As "You Are Not Alone" was flying high on the charts worldwide in 1995, the two brothers approached SABAM to raise the issue of similarity between the two scores. The internal committee noted strong similarities between both melodies and recommended pursuing a lawsuit against R Kelly and Zomba Record Holding Holland BV. The brothers applied to the Court of Leuven for an injunction on the 18th of October 1995. [11]

The Belgian Court rejected the claim of plagiarism on the 20th of January 2003, noting that the 43.46% similarity between the two melodies was a mere coincidence. The van Passel brothers submitted an appeal thereafter. [11]

On the 4th of September 2007, the Court of Appeal in Brussels reversed the 2003 ruling, based on the fact that R Kelly's earliest evidence of writing the score was August 1995, 21 months after the brothers registered their score for "If We Can Start All Over". The Court concluded that it was possible that R Kelly managed to gain access to the score, which he then later developed into the smash hit "You Are Not Alone". R Kelly continues to maintain that he never met or heard of the van Passel brothers. The Court also stated that the van Passel brothers “did not create their work merely in order to register it with SABAM and put it in a drawer, but at least informed third parties of the existence of their composition”. [11]

Today, Belgium maintains a ban on all radio and television broadcasts of the "You Are Not Alone" song and short film. Vendors found with copies of the song face fines of €1000 for each copy of the song. The van Passel Brothers have gained recognition for their part in the conception of the melody for "You Are Not Alone" in Belgium. [11]

Critical reaction

'You Are Not Alone' received positive views from music critics. In more recent years, Stephen Thomas Erlewine of AllMusic expressed the opinion that it was amongst some of the best songs Jackson ever released, calling the song seductive. [12] Music & Media wrote, "A far cry from Scream, Jackson undergoes a gigantic moodswing here. Sad as he is, the vibrato in his vocals perfectly complements the moody ballad". [13] British magazine Music Week rated it five out of five, adding, "Barely a yelp or gulp to be had on this dead simple R Kelly-penned and produced ballad. Not the strongest slowie on the album but a lot of wayward fans will be hankering after some no-frills old style Jackson. A biggie." [14] The R&B critic and journalist Nelson George described the song as lovely and supple. [15] Jon Pareles of The New York Times said that it was the only conventional love song on the new material on HIStory. He compared it to Mariah Carey's song "Hero" and said it "sounds like a surefire hit". [4] James Hunter of Rolling Stone noted that, "the excellent current single 'Scream' or the first-rate R&B ballad 'You Are Not Alone' – manage to link the incidents of Jackson's recent past to universal concepts, like injustice or isolation. When he bases his music in the bluntness of hip-hop, Jackson sketches funky scenarios denouncing greed, blanket unreliability and false accusation". [5]

Writer and journalist J. Randy Taraborrelli wrote of the song in 2004, "[it] remains among Michael's best songs ... On listening to 'You Are Not Alone', one wonders how many times Michael tried to tell himself, during his most desperate and anguished times, that he did have support in his life, from a higher power, or even friends and family, whether he actually believed it or not". [16] Fred Shuster of the Daily News of Los Angeles described it as the best song on the album. [17] Conversely, while Steve Holsey of Michigan Chronicle gave the album a positive review, he described the song as the worst on the album, calling the Kelly penned lyrics "trite" and below the standard set by Jackson's own lyrical skills. [18] Robert Christgau of Blender would later call it "quietly yucky" [19] while pop music critic Bill Wyman of New York called it "drony and unpleasant." [20] "You Are Not Alone" received an American Music Award nomination and a Grammy nomination both for "Best Pop Vocal Performance". [21] [22]

Chart performance

Commercially, "You Are Not Alone" remains one of Jackson's best selling singles and it is also his 13th and final number one song. It holds the Guinness World Record for the first song ever to debut at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. [23] It was also Jackson's last number one single on the chart. It debuted at number one with first week sales of 120,000 copies. The song was certified platinum by the RIAA and sold one million copies domestically. [24] [25] [26] [27] It broke the record set by his previous double A-side single "Scream" and "Childhood," which was the first song in the 37-year history of Billboard to debut at number five—where it peaked. [25] It peaked at number one in the UK after a debut at number three in the prior week. [25] [28] The song also reached number one in Wallonia, France, New Zealand, Spain and Switzerland. In Canada it peaked at number two. [29] It became a top ten hit in every major market. [25] [29]

Music video

Presley leans down towards her husband in the temple scene of the music video. Yana10~1.jpg
Presley leans down towards her husband in the temple scene of the music video.

The music video was directed by Wayne Isham on July 12, 1995 and begins with a large number of paparazzi taking photographs of Jackson. The plot then centers around two locations: a temple where Jackson appears in an affectionate semi-nude scene with his then-wife, Lisa Marie Presley, and a theater where Jackson performs the song to an empty hall. Jackson also appears alone in other locations such as deserts and along tide pools. The slightly extended version that appeared on HIStory on Film, Volume II was notable for scenes where special effects were used to give Jackson white, feathery, almost angelic wings. Several of these scenes included Jackson's side having been pierced by an arrow. The other version of the video is included on Number Ones and Michael Jackson's Vision . The temple scenes were a homage to Maxfield Parrish's 1922 painting Daybreak . [30] The theater scenes were filmed at the Pantages Theatre, in Los Angeles.

Live performances

Jackson first performed "You Are Not Alone" at the 1995 Soul Train Music Awards, and also at the 1995 MTV Video Music Awards. At the latter awards ceremony, the song was performed without the second verse. Jackson then performed the song at the Royal Brunei concert in 1996 where it was performed as a complete song. Jackson also performed it during the HIStory World Tour as a complete song, during which one lucky girl was allowed to dance with him on stage, similar to the Soul Train Music Awards performance. Jackson's next performance of "You Are Not Alone" was at the MJ & Friends concert in Seoul on June 25, 1999; this also turned out to be the song's last performance by Jackson himself, occurring ten years to the day of his death. The song was performed without the second verse, similar to the "1995 MTV Awards" performance. The song was also due to be performed at the This Is It concert series, however the shows were cancelled due to his untimely death.

Diana Ross recorded a version of this song on her international-only released album, Voice of Love produced by Nick Martinelli. Ross would also close her successful 2010–12 More Today Than Yesterday: The Greatest Hits Tour with this song as a tribute to Jackson.

Track listings

CD single

  1. "You Are Not Alone" – 4:54
  2. "Scream Louder (Flyte Tyme Remix)" – 5:30

12" single

  1. "You Are Not Alone (R. Kelly Remix)" – 6:25
  2. "You Are Not Alone (Jon B. Main Remix)" – 6:55
  3. "You Are Not Alone (Franctified Club Mix)" – 10:09
  4. "Rock With You (Frankie's Favorite Club Mix)" – 7:45
  5. "Rock With You (Masters At Work Remix)" – 5:30

Remixes

Frankie Knuckles Mixes

Jon B. Mixes

R. Kelly Mix

Personnel

Charts and certifications

The X Factor UK 2009 finalists version

"You Are Not Alone"
YouAreNotAloneXF2009.jpg
Single by The X Factor Finalists 2009
ReleasedNovember 15, 2009 (2009-11-15)
Genre Pop, R&B
Label Syco
Songwriter(s) R. Kelly
The X Factor finalistssingles chronology
"Hero"
(2008)
"You Are Not Alone"
(2009)
"Heroes"
(2010)

The final twelve acts from the sixth series of TV talent show The X Factor in the United Kingdom released a cover version of the song on November 15, 2009 in aid of Great Ormond Street Hospital. [100] The finalists premiered the song live on the November 15 edition of the programme; the single was available for digital download that day and a physical release followed the day after. [100] The release of the song follows a similar occurrence a year earlier, when the final twelve acts from the fifth series released a cover version of Mariah Carey's "Hero" in aid of Help for Heroes and raised over £1 million. [101] It has been confirmed to have sold over 400,000 copies, therefore achieving a Gold single certification.

Music video

The video is very similar to the video of the cover version of the charity single of the year before. It shows various contestants performing their part in front of a plain black background, then shows the 12 finalists together performing the song in front of a screen of photos. Photos and video footage of the finalists at the Great Ormond Street Hospital are shown throughout the video.

Charts

Chart (2009)Peak
position
Ireland (IRMA) [45] 1
Scotland (OCC) [102] 1
UK Singles (OCC) [103] 1

Year-end charts

Chart (2009)Position
UK Singles (Official Charts Company) [104] 28

R. Kelly version

"You Are Not Alone"
Song by R. Kelly
from the album Love Letter
ReleasedDecember 14, 2010 (2010-12-14)
Recorded2009
Genre R&B, Soul
Length4:29
Label RCA
Songwriter(s) R. Kelly
Producer(s) R. Kelly

R. Kelly recorded his own version of the song and put it on his 2010 album Love Letter , he recorded it as a tribute to Jackson following his death. The song was a hidden bonus song on the album, shown as the final song on the album's track list. The song starts with Kelly paying tribute to Jackson, saying "In loving memories of my hero... MJ".

Track listing

Digital single from Love Letter
No.TitleWriter(s)Producer(s)Length
15."You Are Not Alone"R. KellyR. Kelly4:29

Related Research Articles

<i>HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I</i> Greatest hits and studio album by Michael Jackson

HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I is the ninth studio album by American singer Michael Jackson, released on June 20, 1995. It was the fifth Jackson album released through Epic Records, and the first on his label MJJ Productions. It comprises two discs: HIStory Begins, a greatest hits compilation, and HIStory Continues, comprising new material written and produced by Jackson and collaborators. The album includes appearances by Janet Jackson, Shaquille O'Neal, Slash and the Notorious B.I.G. The genres span R&B, pop, hip hop, elements of hard rock and funk rock. The themes include environmental awareness, isolation, greed, suicide, injustice, and Jackson's conflicts and common-ground with the media.

Ill Be There (Jackson 5 song) 1970 single by The Jackson 5

"I'll Be There" is the first single released on Third Album by The Jackson 5. It was written by Berry Gordy, Hal Davis, Bob West, and Willie Hutch.

When I Think of You 1986 single by Janet Jackson

"When I Think of You" is a song by American singer Janet Jackson from her third studio album, Control (1986). It was released on July 28, 1986, as the album's third single. Composed by songwriters and record producers Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, the song is about a person who finds relief and fun in a lover. It was Jackson's first number-one single on the US Billboard Hot 100, and also peaked at number 10 in the United Kingdom.

Alright (Janet Jackson song) 1990 single by Janet Jackson

"Alright" is a song by American singer Janet Jackson from her fourth studio album, Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814 (1989). Written by Jackson and Jimmy Jam & Terry Lewis, the song was released on March 4, 1990, by A&M Records as the fourth single from Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814.

Scream (Michael Jackson and Janet Jackson song) 1995 single

"Scream" is the lead single from Michael Jackson's ninth studio album, HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I. It is a duet with his younger sister Janet, and was released as a double A-side with "Childhood", a solo song by Michael. The single was released on May 31, 1995.

Runaway (Janet Jackson song) 1995 single by Janet Jackson

"Runaway" is a song recorded by American singer Janet Jackson for her first greatest hits album, Design of a Decade: 1986–1996 (1995). Written and produced by Jackson and Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, the track was released as the album's lead single on August 29, 1995, by A&M Records. The song became another hit for Jackson on the US Billboard Hot 100, reaching number three, and it was successful abroad, peaking at number two in Canada, number three in New Zealand, number six in the United Kingdom and number eight in Australia. It reached the top 40 in at least 12 additional countries.

Earth Song 1995 single by Michael Jackson

"Earth Song" is a song by American singer Michael Jackson from his ninth studio album HIStory: Past, Present and Future, Book I. It was released on November 27, 1995, by Epic Records as the third single from the album. It is a ballad that incorporates elements of blues, gospel and opera. Jackson had a long history of releasing socially conscious material such as "We Are the World", "Man in the Mirror" and "Heal the World". However, "Earth Song" was the first that overtly dealt with the environment and animal welfare. "Earth Song" was made for the Dangerous album but it failed to make the final cut. The song was written by Jackson and produced by Jackson, David Foster and Bill Bottrell.

Rock with You 1979 single by Michael Jackson

"Rock with You" is a song recorded by American singer Michael Jackson. It was written by Rod Temperton and produced by Quincy Jones. It was first offered to Karen Carpenter, while she was working on her first solo album, but she turned it down. It was released on November 3, 1979, by Epic Records as the second single from Jackson's fifth solo studio album Off the Wall (1979). It was also the third number-one hit of the 1980s, a decade whose pop singles chart would soon be dominated by Jackson.

On Bended Knee 1994 single by Boyz II Men

"On Bended Knee" is a 1994 number-one hit single by Boyz II Men for the Motown label. It is the second single from their second album, II. Written and produced by Jimmy Jam and Terry Lewis, the song reached number one on the Hot 100 Airplay and number two on the Hot Singles Sales on December 3, 1994. "On Bended Knee" stayed at number one for a total of six weeks.

The Way You Make Me Feel 1987 single by Michael Jackson

"The Way You Make Me Feel" is a song by American recording artist Michael Jackson. It was released by Epic Records on November 9, 1987 as the third single from his seventh studio album Bad. It was written and composed by Jackson, and produced by Quincy Jones and Jackson.

Remember the Time 1992 single by Michael Jackson

"Remember the Time" is a 1992 single by American singer and songwriter Michael Jackson. It was released by Epic Records on January 14, 1992, as the second single from Jackson's eighth studio album, Dangerous. The song was written and composed by Teddy Riley, Jackson and Bernard Belle, and produced by Riley and Jackson. The song's lyrics are written about remembering having fallen in love with someone.

In the Closet 1992 single by Michael Jackson

"In the Closet" is a song by American recording artist Michael Jackson. It was released on April 9, 1992 as the third single from his eighth album, Dangerous (1991). The song was written and produced by Jackson and Teddy Riley. It became the album's third consecutive top ten pop single, reaching number six on the US Billboard Hot 100. It also became its second number one R&B single. The song re-entered the UK Singles Chart at number 20 in 2006.

Bailamos 1999 single by Enrique Iglesias

"Bailamos" is a single by Spanish singer Enrique Iglesias sung in Spanglish. It was released in 1999 as part of the soundtrack to the film Wild Wild West (1999), and later as the lead single from his fourth and debut English-language album Enrique (1999). It was Iglesias' debut English-language single and was commercially successful, reaching the number-one spot on the Spanish Singles Chart and the US Billboard Hot 100, as well as becoming a top-three hit in Canada, Hungary, New Zealand, Norway, and Sweden. In New Zealand, it was the second-most-successful single of 1999.

Heal the World Song by Michael Jackson

"Heal the World" is a song recorded by American recording artist Michael Jackson from his eighth studio album, Dangerous (1991). It was released on November 23, 1992 as the fifth single from the album. It was written and composed by Jackson, and produced by Jackson and Bruce Swedien. It is a song steeped with antiwar lyrics and Jackson’s wish for humanity of making the world a better place..

Will You Be There 1993 single by Michael Jackson

"Will You Be There" is a song by Michael Jackson which was released as a single on June 28, 1993. The song is the eighth single from the 1991 album Dangerous. The song gained recognition for its appearance on the soundtrack to the film Free Willy (1993), under the title "Will You Be There ", of which it is the main theme, and was also included in the album All Time Greatest Movie Songs and video game Michael Jackson: The Experience. With the album version clocking in at seven minutes and forty seconds, it is the longest song in Michael Jackson's solo discography.

Here Comes the Hotstepper 1994 single by Ini Kamoze

"Here Comes the Hotstepper" is a song co-written and recorded by Jamaican dancehall artist Ini Kamoze. It was released as the lead single from his 1995 album Here Comes the Hotstepper as well as the soundtrack to the film Prêt-à-Porter. It is best known for its "na na na na na..." chorus inspired by the Wilson Pickett cover of "Land of 1000 Dances".

Jam (song) 1992 single by Michael Jackson

"Jam" is a single by American singer-songwriter Michael Jackson. The song is the fourth single from his 1991 album Dangerous, where it is the opening track. It also appears as the second track on his 2009 This Is It compilation album. The single was re-released in 2006 as part of Jackson's Visionary: The Video Singles collection campaign, and it was remixed to the Cirque du Soleil's Immortal World Tour, releasing that remix on the soundtrack album. "Jam" is a new jack swing, pop, funk song whose bridge features a rap verse performed by Heavy D, though no credit to him appears on the album. The music video of the song featured NBA basketball legend Michael Jordan. The song was also featured on the Chicago Bulls 's 1992 NBA Championship video "Untouchabulls" and was also used in many promotional ads of the NBA in the said season. The single peaked at #26 on the Billboard Hot 100. The song re-entered the UK Singles Chart in 2006, reaching number 22.

Heartbreak Hotel (Whitney Houston song) 1998 single by Whitney Houston

"Heartbreak Hotel" is a song by American singer Whitney Houston. Originally intended to be included on TLC's third studio album FanMail, who rejected the song, it was released as the second single from Houston's 1998 album My Love Is Your Love. The song prominently features R&B singers Faith Evans and Kelly Price during the choruses and bridge.

Missing (Everything but the Girl song) 1994 single by Everything but the Girl

"Missing" is a song by British popular music duo Everything but the Girl, taken from their eighth studio album, Amplified Heart (1994). It was written by the two band members, Tracey Thorn and Ben Watt, and was produced by Watt and John Coxon. It was taken as the second single off the album on 8 August 1994 by Atlantic Records and Blanco Y Negro Records. It initially did not achieve much success until it was remixed by Todd Terry and re-released in 1995, resulting in worldwide success, peaking at or near the top of the charts in many countries. The release of the remixed version of "Missing" gave an indication of the band's future experimentation with more electronic dance music on subsequent albums.

Luv Me, Luv Me 1998 single by Shaggy

"Luv Me, Luv Me" is a song by Jamaican-American reggae singer Shaggy. It was first released on July 25, 1998 with Janet Jackson credited as a featured artist. The song was re-recorded in 2000 with Samantha Cole's vocals after Jackson's label withheld the song from being included on Shaggy's next album. It was released on May 31, 2001 as the third official single from his 2000 album Hot Shot.

References

  1. DeRogatis, Jim (December 2, 1994). "Making 'HIStory' Jackson Teams With R. Kelly on Album Here". Chicago Sun Times. News Bank. Retrieved April 3, 2010.
  2. 1 2 "Michael Jackson". Official Charts Company.
  3. News, ABS-CBN. "Poll: Fans like Jackson's 'Heal the World' best". ABS-CBN News.
  4. 1 2 3 Pareles, Jon (June 18, 1995). "Pop View; Michael Jackson Is Angry, Understand?". The New York Times. Retrieved September 18, 2008.
  5. 1 2 Hunter, James (August 10, 1995). "Michael Jackson HIStory". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on June 22, 2008. Retrieved July 23, 2008.
  6. 1 2 Screamin' Siblings: Michael & Janet (Televised interview/press conference). Bryant Park, Manhattan: MTV. June 1995. Retrieved October 6, 2008.
  7. 1 2 3 Brown, p. 56
  8. Brown, p. 57
  9. Grant, Adrian (1998). Michael Jackson : Making History. Omnibus Press. ISBN   0-7119-6723-7.
  10. The Complete Michael Jackson, International Music Publications Ltd, 1997, ISBN   1859094473, p104
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 url=https://www.internationallawoffice.com/Newsletters/Tech-Data-Telecoms-Media/Belgium/Marx-Van-Ranst-Vermeersch-Partners/International-Stars-in-Plagiarism-Case-Sound-Familiar |title=International Stars in Plagiarism Case - Sound Familiar? |last=Marx |first=Peter |publisher=International Law Office |date=March 6, 2008 |website=International Law Office |access-date=January 9, 2021}}
  12. Erlewine, Stephen. "Michael Jackson HIStory Overview". AllMusic. Retrieved June 15, 2008.
  13. "New Releases: Singles" (PDF). Music & Media . August 26, 1995. p. 7. Retrieved May 18, 2021.
  14. "Reviews: Singles" (PDF). Music Week . July 29, 1995. p. 37. Retrieved May 10, 2021.
  15. George, p. 24
  16. Taraborrelli, p. 609–610
  17. Shuster, Fred (June 18, 1995). "Jackson attempts to rewrite 'history'". Daily News of Los Angeles. Retrieved November 7, 2008.
  18. Holsey, Steve (July 4, 1995). "Jackson's 'HIStory' is an impressive one". Michigan Chronicle. Archived from the original on October 22, 2012. Retrieved November 11, 2008.
  19. Christgau, Robert (December 2004). "Warts and All: On career-spanning box set, the King of Pop grows up, freaks out". Blender. Retrieved August 23, 2020.
  20. Wyman, Bill (December 2017). "Every Michael Jackson Song, Ranked From Worst to Best". New York Magazine. Retrieved August 23, 2020.
  21. "Song of the Year - 38th Grammy Awards (1996)". rockonthenet.com. Archived from the original on June 28, 2017. Retrieved December 7, 2017.
  22. George, p. 49
  23. "Jackson receives his World Records". Yahoo!. November 14, 2006. Archived from the original on September 27, 2011. Retrieved November 16, 2006.
  24. Hochman, Steve (September 3, 1995). "Rewriting Pop HIStory; Michael Jackson's publicists are crowing about new single's unprecedented success, but skeptics abound". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 10, 2008.
  25. 1 2 3 4 5 George, p. 48
  26. 1 2 "American single certifications – Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone". Recording Industry Association of America . Retrieved December 3, 2012.If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH. 
  27. 1 2 "Best-Selling Records of 1995". Billboard . BPI Communications. 108 (3): 56. January 20, 1996. ISSN   0006-2510 . Retrieved May 5, 2015.
  28. Pinkerton, Lee (1997). The Many Faces of Michael Jackson. Music Sales Distribution. ISBN   0-7119-6783-0.
  29. 1 2 "M. Jackson & J. Jackson – You Are Not Alone (nummer)". ultratop.be. Retrieved November 9, 2008.
  30. "Famous Art inspired You are Not Alone". Archived from the original on March 8, 2013.
  31. Lecocq, Richard; Allard, François (October 23, 2018). Michael Jackson All The Songs: The Story Behind Every Track. Cassell. p. 474. ISBN   978-1788400572.
  32. 1 2 "Australian-charts.com – Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone". ARIA Top 50 Singles.
  33. 1 2 "Austriancharts.at – Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40.
  34. "Ultratop.be – Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50.
  35. "Ultratop.be – Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone" (in French). Ultratop 50.
  36. "Top RPM Singles: Issue 2794." RPM . Library and Archives Canada.
  37. "Top RPM Adult Contemporary: Issue 2782." RPM . Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
  38. "Top RPM Dance/Urban: Issue 2783." RPM . Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
  39. "Top National Sellers" (PDF). Music & Media . Vol. 12 no. 40. October 7, 1995. p. 24. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
  40. "Eurochart Hot 100 Singles Week 38/95" (PDF). Music & Media. Retrieved April 30, 2019.
  41. "Michael Jackson: You Are Not Alone" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland.
  42. 1 2 "Lescharts.com – Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone" (in French). Les classement single.
  43. "Offiziellecharts.de – Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone" (in German). GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
  44. "Íslenski Listinn Topp 40 (16.9.1995 – 22.9.1995)" (PDF) (in Icelandic). Dagblaðið Vísir – Tónlist. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
  45. 1 2 3 "The Irish Charts – Search Results – You Are Not Alone". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved January 29, 2020.
  46. "Top National Sellers" (PDF). Music & Media . Vol. 12 no. 39. September 30, 1995. p. 18. Retrieved November 26, 2019.
  47. "Nederlandse Top 40 – week 41, 1995" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40
  48. 1 2 3 "Dutchcharts.nl – Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone" (in Dutch). Single Top 100.
  49. "Charts.nz – Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone". Top 40 Singles.
  50. "Norwegiancharts.com – Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone". VG-lista.
  51. "Notowanie nr716". Nowe Media, Polskie Radio S.A. LP3.polskieradio.pl. Archived from the original on June 25, 2017. Retrieved July 18, 2018.
  52. "Pussycat Dolls, pretendente in top". jurnalul.antena3.ro.
  53. "Official Scottish Singles Sales Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company.
  54. "Swedishcharts.com – Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone". Singles Top 100.
  55. "Swisscharts.com – Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone". Swiss Singles Chart.
  56. "Michael Jackson Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved November 5, 2008.
  57. "Michael Jackson Chart History (Adult Contemporary)". Billboard.
  58. "Michael Jackson Chart History (Adult Pop Songs)". Billboard.
  59. "Michael Jackson Chart History (Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs)". Billboard.
  60. "Michael Jackson Chart History (Latin Pop Songs)". Billboard.
  61. "Michael Jackson Chart History (Pop Songs)". Billboard.
  62. "Michael Jackson Chart History (Rhythmic)". Billboard.
  63. "Michael Jackson Chart History (Tropical Airplay)". Billboard.
  64. 1 2 "Italiancharts.com – Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone". Top Digital Download.
  65. "Spanishcharts.com – Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone" Canciones Top 50.
  66. "M. Jackson & J. Jackson – You Are Not Alone (nummer)". allmusic.com. Retrieved November 9, 2014.
  67. "Danishcharts.com – Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone". Tracklisten.
  68. "Download French Single Top 50". France. lescharts. Archived from the original on August 16, 2011. Retrieved December 30, 2009.
  69. "New Zealand Singles Chart". RIANZ. Archived from the original on March 9, 2009. Retrieved July 7, 2009.
  70. Steffen Hung. "Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone". swedishcharts.com. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
  71. "Swiss Singles Chart Archives". hitparade.ch. Retrieved July 18, 2009.
  72. "Official Singles Chart Top 100 05 July 2009 - 11 July 2009". Official Charts Company . Retrieved July 10, 2018.
  73. "U.S. Billboard Hot Digital Songs". Billboard. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
  74. "ARIA Charts – End of Year Charts – Top 50 Singles 1995". www.aria.com.au.
  75. "Jahreshitparade Singles 1995" (in German). Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  76. "Jaaroverzichten 1995" (in Dutch). Ultratop . Retrieved July 8, 2019.
  77. "Rapports annuels 1995" (in French). Ultratop . Retrieved July 8, 2019.
  78. "RPM Top 100 Hit Tracks of 1995". RPM . Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  79. "RPM Top 100 Adult Contemporary Tracks of 1995". RPM . Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  80. "Year End Sales Chart" (PDF). Music & Media. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  81. "Classement Singles - année 1995" (in French). SNEP. Archived from the original on February 14, 2009. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  82. "Top 100 Single–Jahrescharts 1995" (in German). GfK Entertainment. Retrieved October 13, 2015.
  83. "Árslistinn 1995". Dagblaðið Vísir (in Icelandic). January 2, 1996. p. 16. Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  84. "Single top 100 over 1995" (PDF) (in Dutch). Top40. Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  85. "Jaaroverzichten – Single 1995" (in Dutch). MegaCharts . Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  86. "End of Year Charts 1995". Recorded Music NZ . Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  87. "Årslista Singlar, 1995" (in Swedish). Sverigetopplistan . Retrieved May 30, 2020.
  88. "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 1995" (in German). Retrieved November 6, 2019.
  89. "Top 100 Singles 1995". Music Week : 9. January 13, 1996.
  90. "Billboard Top 100 – 1995". Archived from the original on August 15, 2009. Retrieved August 27, 2010.
  91. "Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs – Year-End 1995". Billboard. Retrieved October 28, 2020.
  92. "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2009 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. Archived from the original on July 27, 2020. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
  93. "Austrian single certifications – Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone" (in German). IFPI Austria. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
  94. "Ultratop − Goud en Platina – singles 1995". Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved September 4, 2018.
  95. "French single certifications – Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone" (in French). InfoDisc. Retrieved December 3, 2012.Select MICHAEL JACKSON and click OK. 
  96. "Gold-/Platin-Datenbank (Michael Jackson; 'You Are Not Alone')" (in German). Bundesverband Musikindustrie . Retrieved December 3, 2012.
  97. "New Zealand single certifications – Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone". Recorded Music NZ . Retrieved December 3, 2012.
  98. "The Official Swiss Charts and Music Community: Awards (Michael Jackson; 'You Are Not Alone')". IFPI Switzerland. Hung Medien. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
  99. "British single certifications – Michael Jackson – You Are Not Alone". British Phonographic Industry . Retrieved December 3, 2012.Select singles in the Format field. Select Platinum in the Certification field. Type You Are Not Alone in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
  100. 1 2 "First look at The X Factor contestants' charity single!". Heatworld.com. October 30, 2009. Archived from the original on November 1, 2009. Retrieved October 30, 2009.
  101. Routledge, Rebecca (October 25, 2009). "'X Factor' stars record charity single". Digital Spy . Retrieved October 30, 2009.
  102. "Official Scottish Singles Sales Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company.
  103. "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company.
  104. "Charts Plus Year end 2009" (PDF). Charts Plus. Retrieved July 19, 2010.

Bibliography