Dutch Top 40

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Hans Breukhoven and Lex Harding celebrating a printed edition of the Dutch Top 40 in 2005 Hans Breukhoven & Lex Harding.jpg
Hans Breukhoven and Lex Harding celebrating a printed edition of the Dutch Top 40 in 2005

The Dutch Top 40 (Dutch : Nederlandse Top 40) is a weekly music chart compiled by Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. It started as a radio program titled "Veronica Top 40", on the offshore station Radio Veronica in 1965. It remained "The Veronica Top 40" until 1974, when the station was forced to stop broadcasting. Joost den Draaijer was the initiator of the top 40 in the Netherlands.

Dutch language West Germanic language

Dutch(Nederlands ) is a West Germanic language spoken by around 23 million people as a first language and 5 million people as a second language, constituting the majority of people in the Netherlands and Belgium. It is the third most widely spoken Germanic language, after its close relatives English and German.

Offshore radio is radio broadcasting from ships or fixed maritime structures. Offshore broadcasters are usually unlicenced but transmissions are legal in international waters. This is in contrast to broadcasting without a licence on land or within a nation's territorial waters, which is usually unlawful.

Radio Veronica radio station

Radio Veronica was an offshore radio station that began broadcasting in 1960, and broadcast from offshore for over fourteen years. It was set up by independent radio, TV and household electrical retailers in the Netherlands to stimulate the sales of radio receivers by providing an alternative to the Netherlands state-licensed stations in Hilversum.

Contents

History

On January 2, 1965, the first Top 40 was compiled, with its first #1 hit " I Feel Fine " by The Beatles. In 1974, the Stichting Nederlandse Top 40 bought the Top 40 and named it De Nederlandse Top 40. The Dutch Top 40 is one of the three official charts in the Netherlands, the other two being the Single Top 100, which is based entirely on pure sales and streaming and the Mega Top 50 (3FM) which, like the Dutch Top 40 also includes airplay data.

I Feel Fine original song written and composed by Lennon-McCartney

"I Feel Fine" is a song written by John Lennon and released in 1964 by the English rock band the Beatles as the A-side of their eighth British single. The song has one of the first uses of guitar feedback in popular music.

The Beatles English rock band

The Beatles were an English rock band formed in Liverpool in 1960. The line-up of John Lennon, Paul McCartney, George Harrison and Ringo Starr led the band to be regarded as the foremost and most influential in history. With a sound rooted in skiffle, beat and 1950s rock and roll, the group were integral to the evolution of pop music into an art form, and to the development of the counterculture of the 1960s. They often incorporated elements of classical music, older pop forms, and unconventional recording techniques in innovative ways, and in later years experimented with a number of musical styles ranging from pop ballads and Indian music to psychedelia and hard rock. As they continued to draw influences from a variety of cultural sources, their musical and lyrical sophistication grew, and they came to be seen as embodying the era's sociocultural movements.

The Single Top 100 is a Dutch chart, based on official physical single sales, legal downloads and since July 2013 streaming and composed by Dutch Charts. It is one of the three official charts, the other two being the Dutch Top 40 and the Mega Top 50. The difference is that these charts also include airplay data. The list is especially intended for the music industry and those who take an interest in charts. In Dutch TV programmes the Single Top 100 is often cited, although it has not been broadcast since December 2006.

From 1993 until 2018, the Top 40 was broadcast by Radio 538. Currently, Qmusic is airing the Dutch Top 40 on radio. Domien Verschuuren presents the program every Friday afternoon from 14.00 until 18.00.

Radio 538 radio station

Radio 538 is a Dutch rhythmic CHR commercial radio station active since 1992 and based in Hilversum. 538 refers to the wavelength that Radio Veronica was broadcast on in the seventies. This station was intended for the younger generation and is owned by Talpa Network. It plays a hybrid of current dance, R'n'B, pop and rock hits, mainly based upon the Dutch Top 40 chart. The station neither focuses on a CHR/Top-40 format, nor a more Dance-intensive approach. The breakfast and drivetime shows are more talk-intensive than others. Traditionally, the station was only obtained through cable, however in 1998 the station upgraded to a different frequency package, allowing for different frequencies by region. Radio 538 started the hip-hop and contemporary R&B program Juize, which developed into the radio station Juize.FM on 18 July 2004. Later, in 2011, Radio 538 created a sister station called TV 538.

Qmusic (Netherlands) Dutch radio station

Qmusic is a Dutch commercial radio station which has been broadcasting since August 31, 2005. The station is owned by the Belgian media company De Persgroep.

Compilation

Composition

For most of its history, the Top 40 was based on sales figures of record stores. These were collected through telephone surveys. As of 1999, the airplay of a limited number of radio stations was included. Between 2006 and 2014, download figures were added to the mix. They were removed again because supposedly, download sales could be easily manipulated by record companies or artists. [1]

As of February 2014, the chart is a combination of airplay, streaming and social media trends. [2] The more often a song gets played on the radio, the higher its ranking in the Top 40.

To compute year-end chart positions, the weekly #1 positions get 40 points, the #2 positions get 39 points, etc. These weekly scores are then added up and sorted by single to determine the ranking.

The Tipparade, listing likely candidates for the Top 40, is based on sales, streaming, airplay, and recommendations from both the general public and the music industry. [3]

Rules

There is a set of rules, of which some have existed since 1972, that have been maintained up until 2012. Some of these have been criticised as a hindrance.

Records, milestones and achievements

This is a listing of significant achievements and milestones based upon the Dutch Top 40 charts.

Song achievements

Most weeks at number one

  • 16 weeks
Calvin Harris featuring Dua Lipa — "One Kiss" (2018)
  • 15 weeks
Ed Sheeran — "Shape of You" (2017)
Luis Fonsi & Daddy Yankee featuring Justin Bieber — "Despacito (Remix)" (2017)
  • 13 weeks
Gusttavo Lima — "Balada" (2012)
  • 12 weeks
Marco Borsato — "Dromen zijn bedrog" (1994)
  • 11 weeks
Bryan Adams — "(Everything I Do) I Do It for You" (1991)
Marco Borsato — "Rood" (2006)
André Hazes and Gerard Joling — "Blijf bij mij (Dit zijn voor mij de allermooiste uren)" (2007)
Bruno Mars — "Just the Way You Are" (2010)
Michel Teló — "Ai se eu te pego!" (2012)
Robin Thicke featuring T.I. & Pharrell Williams — "Blurred Lines" (2013)
Avicii — "Wake Me Up" (2013)
Clean Bandit featuring Jess Glynne — "Rather Be" (2014)
OMI — "Cheerleader" (Felix Jaehn remix) (2015)
Davina Michelle — "Duurt te lang" (2018-19)
  • 10 weeks
Heintje — "Ich bau' dir ein Schloß" (1968)
4 Non Blondes — "What's Up? (1993)
Vangelis — "Conquest of Paradise" (1995)
Céline Dion — "My Heart Will Go On" (1998)
Owl City — "Fireflies" (2009–10)
Alexis Jordan — "Happiness" (2011)
Mike Posner — "I Took a Pill in Ibiza (SeeB remix) (2016)
BLØF featuring Geike Arnaert — "Zoutelande" (2018)

Source: [4]

Most total weeks in the Top 40

  • 49 weeks
Pharrell Williams — "Happy" (2013–14)
  • 41 weeks
Corry en de Rekels — "Huilen is voor jou te laat" (1970–71)
  • 40 weeks
Trio Hellenique / Polis & Les Helleniques / Duo Akropolis / Mikis Theodorakis — "Zorba's Dance" (1965–66, 1974) [1]
The Scorpions — "Hello Josephine" (1965, 1977)
  • 39 weeks
Jane Birkin and Serge Gainsbourg — "Je t'aime... moi non plus" (1969, 1974)
  • 38 weeks
Gotye featuring Kimbra — "Somebody That I Used to Know" (2011–12)
  • 35 weeks
Nini Rosso / Heinz Schachtner / Willy Schobben — "Il Silenzio (Abschiedsmelodie)" (1965–66) [2]
Dave Berry — "This Strange Effect" (1965–66)
  • 34 weeks
De Heikrekels — "Waarom heb jij me laten staan?" (1967)
Avicii — "Wake Me Up" (2013–14)
John Legend — "All of Me" (2013–14)
  • 33 weeks
Henk Westbroek — "Zelfs je naam is mooi" (1998–99)
Gers Pardoel — "Ik neem je mee" (2011–12)
Nielson — "Beauty en de brains" (2012–13)
Lorde — "Royals" (2013–2014)
Sam Smith — "Stay with Me" (2014–2015)
Major Lazer and DJ Snake featuring — "Lean On" (2015)

Source: [5]

Notes
  • 1 ^ Four different versions of the song (which featured in the 1964 film Zorba the Greek ), performed by four different artists, were listed on the Top 40 as only one song.
  • 2 ^ Different versions of the song were performed by three different artists, and were listed on the Top 40 as only one song.

Number-one debuts

Artist achievements

Most Top 40 entries

Source: [6]

Most number-one singles

Number of singlesArtist
16 The Beatles
14 Marco Borsato
8 ABBA
6 (tie)Queen
6 (tie)Michael Jackson
6 (tie) George Michael
6 (tie) Jan Smit
5 (tie)The Rolling Stones
5 (tie) The Cats
5 (tie)Bee Gees
5 (tie) The Kinks
5 (tie)Golden Earring
5 (tie) David Bowie
5 (tie) UB40
5 (tie)Madonna
5 (tie) Justin Bieber

Source: [7]

Most weeks at number one
(Total)
ArtistRecord
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Beatles 74 weeks
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Marco Borsato 69 weeks
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg George Michael 26 weeks
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Elton John 25 weeks
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Jan Smit 25 weeks
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Justin Bieber 25 weeks
Flag of Sweden.svg ABBA 24 weeks
Flag of the United States.svg Madonna 22 weeks
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Calvin Harris 22 weeks
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Rolling Stones 20 weeks
Flag of the Netherlands.svg The Cats 20 weeks
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Guus Meeuwis 20 weeks
Most weeks at number one
(in 1 year)
ArtistYearRecord
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Beatles 196530 weeks
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Marco Borsato 200622 weeks
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Beatles 196619 weeks
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Calvin Harris 201816 weeks
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Dua Lipa 201816 weeks
Flag of Sweden.svg Avicii 201315 weeks
Flag of the United States.svg Pharrell Williams 201315 weeks
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Justin Bieber 201615 weeks
Flag of Jamaica.svg Shaggy 200114 weeks
Flag of the Netherlands.svg André Hazes 200714 weeks
Flag of the United States.svg Bruno Mars 201014 weeks
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Heintje 196813 weeks
Flag of Australia (converted).svg Olivia Newton-John 197813 weeks
Flag of Colombia.svg Shakira 200213 weeks
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Marco Borsato200413 weeks
Flag of Brazil.svg Gusttavo Lima 201213 weeks
Most successful top 40 artists
ArtistWeeksPoints
Flag of the United States.svg Madonna 47012550
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Rolling Stones 44811649
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Beatles 3129220
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Golden Earring 3659093
Flag of the United States.svg Michael Jackson 3368563
Flag of the Netherlands.svg BZN 3738249
Flag of the Netherlands.svg The Cats 3358077
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Bee Gees 3267625
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Queen 3237577
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Calvin Harris 3067570
Most successful artists
(combined Single top 40 and Album top 100)
ArtistWeeksPoints
Flag of the Netherlands.svg BZN 110660375
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Rolling Stones 111757200
Flag of the United States.svg Madonna 110753994
Flag of the Netherlands.svg Golden Earring 103953833
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Queen 101453647
Flag of the Netherlands.svg André Hazes 97249412
Flag of Sweden.svg ABBA 76146439
Flag of Ireland.svg U2 90645913
Flag of the United States.svg Michael Jackson 87344240
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Celine Dion 77543119

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References

  1. Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. "Geschiedenis Nederlandse Top 40". Top40.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2018-02-21.
  2. Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. "Samenstelling Top 40". Top40.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2018-02-21.
  3. Stichting Nederlandse Top 40. "Geschiedenis Nederlandse Top 40". Top40.nl (in Dutch). Retrieved 2018-01-05.
  4. "Langst op nummer 1". www.top40.nl. Dutch Top 40. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  5. "Langst in de top 40". www.top40.nl. Dutch Top 40. Retrieved September 5, 2012.
  6. "Artiest met de meeste Top 40-hits". Dutch Top 40 (in Dutch). Retrieved 31 December 2013.
  7. "Artiest met meeste nummer 1-hits". Dutch Top 40 (in Dutch). Retrieved 31 December 2013.