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|Also known as||The Tornados|
|Origin||The Hague, Netherlands|
|Labels||Polydor, MCA, Track, Universal, Columbia, Capitol, 21, Polygram, Atlantic, Atco, First Quake, Red Bullet|
Golden Earring was a Dutch rock band, founded in 1961 in The Hague as The Tornados. They achieved worldwide fame with their international hit songs "Radar Love" in 1973, which went to number one on the Dutch chart, reached the top ten in the United Kingdom, and went to number thirteen on the United States chart,   "Twilight Zone" in 1982, and "When the Lady Smiles" in 1984.  During their career they had nearly 30 top-ten singles on the Dutch charts and released 25 studio albums.
The band went through a number of early line-up changes, though the band reached a stable line-up in 1970, consisting of Rinus Gerritsen (bass and keyboards), George Kooymans (vocals and guitar), Barry Hay (vocals, guitar, flute and saxophone), and Cesar Zuiderwijk (drums and percussion), which remained unchanged until the band broke up in 2021 following the diagnosis of Kooymans with ALS. A number of other musicians also appeared in short stints with the band over its history as well.
What became Golden Earring was formed in 1961 in The Hague by 13-year-old George Kooymans and his 15-year-old neighbor, Rinus Gerritsen.[ citation needed ] Originally called "the Tornados", the name was changed to the Golden Earrings  when they discovered that the name the Tornados was already in use by another group. The name "the Golden Earrings" was taken from an instrumental called "Golden Earrings" performed by the British group the Hunters,  for whom they served as opening and closing act. Initially a pop-rock band with Frans Krassenburg on lead vocals and Jaap Eggermont on drums, the Golden Earrings had a hit with their debut single "Please Go", recorded in 1965.   Dissatisfied with Dutch recording studios, the band's manager and co-discoverer Fred Haayen arranged for the next single to be recorded at the Pye Records studios in London. The record cut at Pye, "That Day", reached number two on the Dutch charts.[ citation needed ] The definite article was dropped from the name in 1967, and the plural "s" was dropped in 1969. 
In 1968, Barry Hay joined the band, replacing Krassenburg as frontman.  Two years later, the band earned their first number one hit in the Netherlands with the song "Dong Dong Diki Digi Dong".  In the United States, ground work for entering the US market was being laid by East Coast FM radio disc jockey and music critic Neil Kempfer-Stocker, who is credited as the first radio DJ to play the band in the US. This single was followed by a successful psychedelic album Eight Miles High ,  which featured a 19-minute version of the title track, a cover of the 1966 hit song by the Byrds. The song, played throughout their US tour, became the core performance of their live shows, and their experience in the US led them to make their studio albums resemble their live shows, rather than the other way around.  The band's American records during this period were issued by the Perception Records label in New York, and the band's Golden Earring LP, known as Wall of Dolls, and single "Back Home" performed poorly in the US but became a number 1 hit in the Netherlands.[ citation needed ]
In 1969, drummer Cesar Zuiderwijk joined the band,  completing what has become Golden Earring's classic line-up. The band enjoyed brief international fame in the 1970s when the single version of "Radar Love" (1973),  from the gold-certified album Moontan , became a hit in both Europe and the US.  Golden Earring embarked on their first major US tour in 1969–1970.  Owing to American influences, their music evolved towards hard rock,  and they performed along with Jimi Hendrix, Led Zeppelin, Procol Harum, and Eric Clapton. Between 1969 and 1984, Golden Earring completed 13 US tours. During this period, they performed as the opening act for Santana, King Crimson, the Doobie Brothers, Rush and .38 Special. During 1973–74, when "Radar Love" was a hit, they had Kiss and Aerosmith as their opening acts. While signed to the UK Track Records label, the band rented the superb quadraphonic sound system normally used exclusively by the Who.
Golden Earring enjoyed a brief period of US stardom,  but were unable to secure further chart success until 1982's "Twilight Zone".  The music video of the song, directed by Dick Maas, was played on the recently launched MTV in the United States, and helped the song to become a US hit, spending 27 weeks on the Billboard chart. 
"When the Lady Smiles" became an international hit in 1984, reaching No. 3 in Canada and becoming the band's fifth number one hit in their native country, but was not successful in the United States, reaching no higher than #76 on the US Singles Chart. The video was banned from MTV because of its "unholy desires about a nun and a lobotomy";  this was Dick Maas's second video for the band, and helped launch his career as a film director.  While touring the US in 1984, the band played at the Great Arena Six Flags Great Adventure in New Jersey on May 11 and were in the midst of their performance when a fire broke out at the Haunted Castle on the opposite side of the theme park, killing eight teenagers. Following this tour, Golden Earring turned their focus toward Europe where they continued to attract standing-room-only crowds. The group paused briefly after the release of The Hole in 1986 to focus on other projects, with Hay and Kooymans both releasing solo albums (Victory of Bad Taste and Solo, respectively) the following year. The group then reconvened to record their final album of the 1980s, releasing Keeper of the Flame in 1989. 
In 1991, Golden Earring had another hit in the Netherlands with "Going to the Run", a rock-ballad about a Hells Angels motorcycle gang member who was a friend of the band and died in a crash. The Russian rock band Aria made a successful cover of "Going to the Run" as "Беспечный ангел" ("Careless Angel"). Between 1992 and 2004, the band released three acoustic live unplugged albums, which became quick successes. The acoustic albums feature unplugged versions of famous hits of the band, and have been some of the band's best-selling albums, such as The Naked Truth, which sold over 500,000 copies in the Netherlands.
Golden Earring performed over 200 concerts a year, mainly in their home country and occasionally in Belgium, Germany, and the UK. These energetic live performances have been recorded on several live albums— Live ,  recorded at London's Rainbow Theater in 1977; 2nd Live , 1981; Something Heavy Going Down , 1984 (also released on DVD as Live from the Twilight Zone); and Last Blast of the Century , a live recording of their last concert of the 20th century (available on both CD and DVD). Furthermore, the band's acoustic live albums include The Naked Truth (1992), Naked II (1997) and Naked III (2005). Their latest live album, Live from Ahoy 2006, is a DVD with bonus CD.
Golden Earring celebrated their 50th anniversary in 2011, which the Dutch postal service honored with a stamp that contained a music link: when a smartphone with a special app is held up to the music stamp, Golden Earring's "Radar Love" plays. 
On 11 May 2012, the band released their latest studio album, entitled Tits 'n Ass. The album was recorded in London during summer of 2011 with producer Chris Kimsey and peaked at No. 1 in the Dutch album charts twice. The album's song "Still Got the Keys to My First Cadillac" was issued as a single. A video for the song featured young impersonators of Golden Earring.
On 5 February 2021, the band's manager announced to the Dutch press that their active career was over due to George Kooymans' serious illness.  
Golden Earring is the self-titled album by Dutch rock band Golden Earring, released in 1970. Fans often refer to it as Wall of Dolls due to the cover artwork. This is the first Golden Earring album with drummer Cesar Zuiderwijk as a member. From that time, all four members of the band on this album have remained in the lineup.
Together is an album by Dutch rock band Golden Earring, released in 1972. The album was not issued in the U.S.
Moontan is the ninth album by Dutch rock band Golden Earring, released in 1973. It contains the radio hit "Radar Love", and was voted ninth-best Dutch pop album ever by readers of music magazine Oor in 2008. In the Q & Mojo Classic Special Edition Pink Floyd & The Story of Prog Rock, the album rated No. 32 in its list of "40 Cosmic Rock Albums". Moontan is the band's most successful album in the United States, being the only Golden Earring album to be certified Gold by the RIAA.
To the Hilt is an album by Dutch rock band Golden Earring, released in 1976.
Contraband is an album by Dutch rock band Golden Earring, released in 1976 in Europe and 1977 in the US.
Live is the first live album by Dutch rock band Golden Earring, released in 1977. It was recorded at the Rainbow Theatre in London on March 25, 1977.
Grab It for a Second is an album by Dutch rock band Golden Earring, released in 1978.
Prisoner of the Night is an album by Dutch hard rock band Golden Earring, released in 1980. In the US, the album was titled Long Blond Animal.
2nd Live is the second live album by Dutch hard rock band Golden Earring, released in May 1981. The album was not issued in the U.S.
Cut is the sixteenth studio album by Dutch hard rock band Golden Earring, released in 1982. The album spawned the hit song "Twilight Zone," which reached No. 1 in the Netherlands and No. 1 in the United States on Billboard's Hot Mainstream Rock Tracks
Something Heavy Going Down is the third live album by Dutch hard rock band Golden Earring, released in 1984.
Keeper of the Flame is an album by Dutch hard rock band Golden Earring, released in 1989. The album was not issued in the U.S.
Face It is an album by Dutch hard rock band Golden Earring, released in 1994. The album was not issued in the U.S.
The Naked Truth is the fourth live album by Dutch hard rock band Golden Earring, released in 1992. All songs were performed with acoustic instruments. The album has been released over the decade with additional tracks under the titles The Complete Naked Truth and Fully Naked.
Naked II is the second live acoustic album and fifth live overall album by Dutch hard rock band Golden Earring, released in 1997. The album was not issued in the U.S.
Paradise in Distress is the twenty-third album by Dutch hard rock band Golden Earring, released in 1999. The album was not issued in the U.S.
Last Blast of the Century is the sixth live album by Dutch hard rock band Golden Earring, released in 2000. The album was not issued in the U.S.
Eight Miles High is an album by Dutch rock band Golden Earring, released in 1969. It was the first album released under the slightly shorter name Golden Earring and the only album with drummer Sieb Warner.
Cornelis Johannes "Cesar" Zuiderwijk, is a Dutch drummer. He is best known as the drummer of the Dutch rock band Golden Earring from 1970 until their retirement in 2021.
"Twilight Zone" is a 1982 hit by Dutch band Golden Earring. It was written by the band's guitarist George Kooymans, who drew inspiration from the book The Bourne Identity. "Twilight Zone" appears on their 1982 album Cut and pays tribute to the 1960s television series The Twilight Zone. It spent more than half a year on the U.S. Pop charts. It was the group's sole Top 10 Pop single on the US Billboard Hot 100 and hit No. 1 on the Billboard Top Album Tracks chart, the band's only No. 1 hit in America.