Atco Records

Last updated
ATCO Records
This is the current logo for ATCO Records (2020).jpg
Parent company Warner Music Group
FoundedJuly 1955;65 years ago (1955-07)
Founder Herb Abramson
Distributor(s) Atlantic Records (in the U.S.)
WEA International Inc. (outside the U.S.)
GenreVarious
Country of originUnited States
Location1633 Broadway, New York City, New York 10019
Official website www.atcorecords.com

ATCO Records is an American record label founded in 1955. It is owned by Warner Music Group and operates as an imprint of Atlantic Records. [1] [2] After several decades of dormancy and infrequent activity under alternating Warner Music labels, the company was relaunched by Atlantic Records in early 2020.

Contents

History

1950s–1960s: Beginnings

ATCO Records was devised as an outlet for productions by one of Atlantic Records' founders, Herb Abramson, who had returned to the company from military service. The label was also intended as a home for acts that did not fit the format of the main Atlantic brand, which was releasing blues, jazz, rhythm and blues and soul. The ATCO name is an abbreviation of ATlantic COrporation. ATCO also provided distribution for other labels, including RSO, Volt, Island, Modern, Ruthless, Hansa and Rolling Stones. For most of its history, ATCO was known for pop and rock music, but during its early years, it produced some jazz albums. These included Harry Arnold, Betty Carter, King Curtis, Herb Geller, Roland Hanna, and Helen Merrill. [3]

ATCO's rock era began with Bobby Darin and The Coasters. In the early 1960s, Atlantic began to license material from international sources, leading to instrumental hit singles from Jorgen Ingmann, Acker Bilk and Bent Fabric. Starting in the mid-1960s, ATCO moved into rock-and-roll with Sonny and Cher, Buffalo Springfield, Vanilla Fudge and Cream (the latter under license from British label Polydor).

In 1964, ATCO released a single in the US by The Beatles, "Ain't She Sweet" (flip side "Nobody's Child", with lead singer Tony Sheridan), which had been recorded in Hamburg in 1961. With lead vocals by John Lennon, "Ain't She Sweet" reached #19 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in August 1964. ATCO also released an album entitled Ain't She Sweet which featured the other two tracks by Sheridan and The Beatles from the Hamburg session and filled out by eight other songs covered by The Swallows.

In 1966, ATCO released "Substitute" by The Who. The song was issued through an arrangement with UK Polydor Records because of the dispute The Who was having with their producer, Shel Talmy, and their contract with US Decca Records and UK Brunswick Records. This would be the only Who recording to appear on ATCO, although Pete Townshend and John Entwistle would eventually sign to ATCO as solo artists, and Roger Daltrey later signed a US solo deal with Atlantic. This release differs from the UK release with a different structure/edit (the break comes in after the 1st verse vs. 2nd), a substitute lyric (“I try walking forward but my feet walk back” in place of “I look all white but my dad was black”)

1970s–1980s: Downsizing

During the 1970s, Atlantic Records began to broaden the range of its own roster, causing ATCO to become deemphasized as many of its acts would eventually have their material released under the main Atlantic brand. In the middle 1970s, ATCO became increasingly used for hard rock acts and some British and European bands. During this time, the label issued early albums from AC/DC. Starting in 1978, however, AC/DC releases were issued on Atlantic until their contract with the label ended in the 1990s. In 1980, ATCO's visibility rose with strong chart performances from Pete Townshend's Empty Glass album and the song "Cars" by Gary Numan. As the 1980s wore on, ATCO continued to have streamlined success with artists such as Sweet Sensation, JJ Fad and Michel'le (the latter who were signed to the label in conjunction with Ruthless Records), while steadily becoming less active overall.

1990s: Merger with EastWest Records America and dormancy

The last number one hit on ATCO was "If Wishes Came True" by Sweet Sensation in 1990. The following year, Atlantic Records Senior VP Sylvia Rhone orchestrated the merger of ATCO with Atlantic's fledgling EastWest Records America label and briefly operated the combination as Atco/EastWest Records. By 1994, however, the ATCO name was dropped and the label reverted to the EastWest Records America branding. During this time, EastWest moved its operations to Atlantic's sister label Elektra Records. As a result of Elektra's takeover of EastWest, ATCO's back catalog and retained artists were now under its control. In the decade to come, the ATCO name and logo would be occasionally used on reissues of past material, but the imprint itself was now dormant.

2000s: Revival under Rhino Entertainment

In 2005, after more than a decade in hibernation, ATCO (in a joint venture with Rhino Records) released the soundtrack of the Bobby Darin biopic Beyond the Sea , which starred Kevin Spacey and featured his renditions of Darin's songs. This led to Warner Music Group reactivating the label in 2006 in conjunction with Rhino. Scarlett Johansson, Keith Sweat and Art Garfunkel were among the first artists signed to the label. Garfunkel issued Some Enchanted Evening on January 30, 2007. Johansson issued Anywhere I Lay My Head on May 20, 2008. Queensrÿche released its American Soldier album on ATCO on March 31, 2009. The New York Dolls released its album Cause I Sez So on ATCO on May 5, 2009. Shortly thereafter, ATCO would become dormant again.

2020s: Return to Atlantic Records and second relaunch

In 2020, ATCO returned to the aegis of Atlantic Records, where it was relaunched. On February 14, Billboard Magazine announced that Atlantic Records President of A&R Pete Ganbarg was appointed president of the newly relaunched ATCO Records. [4] Ganbarg's first ATCO signing is Philadelphia-based alternative act Zero 9:36.

Album discography (pre-1982)

33-100 series

Stereo-only releases in the 33-100 series

  • SD 33-240 - New York Rock and Roll Ensemble - New York Rock and Roll Ensemble [7/68]
  • SD 33-241 - Wide World Hits - String-A-Longs [1968]
  • SD 33-242 - Tells It Like It Is - Pat McCormick [1968]
  • SD 33-243 - Soul Directions - Arthur Conley [1968]
  • SD 33-244 - Renaissance - Vanilla Fudge [1968]
  • SD 33-245 - The Savage Seven (Soundtrack) - Various Artists [1968]
  • SD 33-246 - Before the War - Bo Grumpus [1968]
  • SD 33-247 - Sweet Soul - King Curtis [1968]
  • SD 33-248 - Otis Redding Sings Soul Ballads - Otis Redding [1968] Reissue of Volt S411.
  • SD 33-249 - Dictionary of Soul - Otis Redding [1968] Reissue of Volt S415.
  • SD 33-250 - In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida - Iron Butterfly [1968] As the story goes, the title song started life as "In the Garden of Eden," but the mush-mouthed vocal sounded like "In-a-Gadda-da-Vida," so they kept that title.
  • SD 33-251 - Meet Jack Reno - Jack Reno [1968]
  • SD 33-252 - The Immortal Otis Redding - Otis Redding [7/68]
  • SD 33-253 - Idea - Bee Gees [1968]
  • SD 33-254 -
  • SD 33-255 - Wheels of Fire, Volume II - Cream
  • SD 33-256 - Last Time Around - Buffalo Springfield [1968]
  • SD 33-257 - Rowan and Martin At Work - Rowan and Martin [1968]
  • SD 33-258 - Julie Driscoll/Brian Auger and the Trinity Open - Julie Driscoll/Brian Auger and the Trinity [1968]
  • SD 33-259 - Mr. Bojangles - Jerry Jeff Walker [10/68]
  • SD 33-260 - My First Time Around - Betty Wright [1968]
  • SD 33-261 - The History of Otis Redding - Otis Redding [1968] Reissue of Volt S418.
  • SD 33-262 - The Bill Sheppard Singers Sing Bee Gees Hits - Bill Sheppard Singers [1968]
  • SD 33-263 - Memories of a Middle Aged Movie Fan: The Other Ray Charles - Ray Charles Singers [1968]
  • SD 33-264 - Rare, Precious and Beautiful - Bee Gees [1968] This album is electronically rechanneled.
  • SD 33-265 - In Person At the Whiskey a Go Go - Otis Redding [11/68]
  • SD 33-266 - Best of King Curtis - King Curtis [1968]
  • SD 33-267 - South Atlantic Blues - Scott Fagen [1968]
  • SD 33-268 - Measure of Pleasure - P. F. Sloan [1968]
  • SD 33-269 - Soul Christmas - Various Artists [1968]
  • SD 33-270 - Babylon - Dr. John [3/69]
  • SD 33-271 - The Children - Rebirth [1968] This album is a reissue of Cinema CLP 1.
  • SD 33-272 - An Evening At Home - Teegarden and Van Winkle [1968]
  • SD 33-273 - Definitely What! - Brian Auger & the Trinity [1968]
  • SD 33-274 - No Explanations - Len Novy [1969]
  • SD 33-275 - Come On, React! - Fireballs [1969]
  • SD 33-276 - More Sweet Soul - Arthur Conley [1969]
  • SD 33-277 - Take Another Look - Soul Survivors [1969]
  • SD 33-278 - Near the Beginning - Vanilla Fudge [1969]
  • SD 33-279 - The Super Groups - Various Artists [1969]
  • SD 33-280 - Ball - Iron Butterfly [1969]
  • SD 33-281 - Soul Clan - Various Artists [1969]
  • SD 33-282 - Green - Green [1969]
  • SD 33-283 - Retrospective - Buffalo Springfield [1969]
  • SD 33-284 - Otis Blue - Otis Redding [1968] Reissue of Volt S412.
  • SD 33-285 - The Soul Album - Otis Redding [1968] Reissue of Volt S413.
  • SD 33-286 - Otis Redding Live in Europe - Otis Redding [1968] Reissue of Volt S416.
  • SD 33-287 - Soul Finger - Bar-Kays [1968] Reissue of Volt S417.
  • SD 33-288 - The Dock of the Bay - Otis Redding [1968] Reissue of Volt S-419.
  • SD 33-289 - Love Man - Otis Redding [1969]
  • SD 33-290 - But Anyhow, - Teegarden and Van Winkle [1969]
  • SD 33-291 - Best of Cream - Cream [1969]
  • SD 33-292 - Best of the Bee Gees - Bee Gees [1969]
  • SD 33-293 - Instant Groove - King Curtis [1969]
  • SD 33-294 - Faithful Friends... Flattering Foe... - New York Rock & Roll Ensemble [8/69]
  • SD 33-295 - Border Town - Fusion [1969]
  • SD 33-296 - Taste - Taste [1969]
  • SD 33-297 - Five Years Gone - Jerry Jeff Walker [9/69]
  • SD 33-298 - 3614 Jackson Highway - Cher [1969]
  • SD 33-299 - Aquarius - Frank Pourcel [1969]
  • SD 33-300 - Blues Image - Blues Image [1969]
  • SD 33-301 - Hair Styles - Terminal Barbershop [1969]
  • SD 33-302 - Chastity (Soundtrack) - Sonny & Cher [9/69]
  • SD 33-303 - Rock and Roll - Vanilla Fudge [1969]
  • SD 33-304 - Blind Faith - Blind Faith [1969] The first cover for this album, issued as SD 33-304A, had the nude upper torso of a pre-pubescent girl holding what looks like an automobile hood ornament. The back cover was a continuation of the picture on the front cover. The album contained a single page insert containing song lyrics. The offending first cover was replaced with one showing a picture of the group on the front cover and the song lyric insert on the back cover. and was issued as SD 33-304B. This original cover was reissued in 1977 on RSO 3016.
  • SD 33-305 - Black Magic - Black Magic [1969]
  • SD 33-306 - Songs For a Tailor - Jack Bruce [1969]
  • SD 33-307 - Dancin' With Nobody But You - Clarence Reid [9/69]
  • SD 33-308 - Allman Brothers Band - Allman Brothers Band [1969] (1-70, #188) This record was issued with Atco labels but the cover denotes Capricorn Record Series.
  • SD 33-309 - Fat Mattress - Fat Mattress [1969]
  • SD 33-310 - New Routes - Lulu [1970]
  • SD 33-311 - R. B. Greaves - R. B. Greaves [1969]
  • SD 33-312 - Reflections - New York Rock & Roll Ensemble [4/70]
  • SD 33-313 - Hoboken Saturday Night - Insect Trust [1970]
  • SD 33-314 - Rock Begins, Volume 1 - Various Artists [1970]
  • SD 33-315 - Rock Begins, Volume 2 - Various Artists [1970]
  • SD 33-316 - Remedies - Dr. John [4/70]
  • SD 33-317 - Open - Blues Image [1970]
  • SD 33-318 - Iron Butterfly Live - Iron Butterfly [1970]
  • SD 33-319 - Moments - Judy Mayhan [1970]
  • SD 33-320 - High Mountain Hoedown - High Mountain Hoedown [1970]
  • SD 33-321 - Rare, Precious and Beautiful, Volume 2 - Bee Gees [1970]
  • SD 33-322 - On the Boards - Taste [1970]
  • SD 33-323 - Robin's Reign - Robin Gibb [1970]
  • SD 33-324 - Blue Mountain Eagle - Blue Mountain Eagle [1970]
  • SD 33-325 - Juicy Lucy - Juicy Lucy [1970]
  • SD 33-326 - Delaney and Bonnie and Friends on Tour With Eric Clapton - Delaney and Bonnie and Friends [1970]
  • SD 33-327 - Cucumber Castle - Bee Gees [1970]
  • SD 33-328 - Live Cream - Cream [1970]
  • SD 33-329 - Eric Clapton - Eric Clapton [1970]
  • SD 33-330 - Melody Fair - Lulu [1970]
  • SD 33-331 - Ton Ton Macoute! - Johnny Jenkins [1970]
  • SD 33-332 - Everything Is Everything - Donny Hathaway [1970]
  • SD 33-333 - Tell the Truth - Otis Redding [1970]
  • SD 33-334 - Livingston Taylor - Livingston Taylor [1970]
  • SD 33-335 - Unspoken Word - Unspoken Word [1970]
  • SD 33-336 - Bein' Free - Jerry Jeff Walker [9/70]
  • SD 33-337 - Turnin' Around - Dee Dee Warwick [1970]
  • SD 33-338 - Get Ready - King Curtis [1970]
  • SD 33-339 - Metamorphosis - Iron Butterfly with Pinera and Rhino [1970]
  • SD 33-340 - Cactus - Cactus [1970]
  • SD 33-341 - To Bonnie From Delaney - Delaney & Bonnie & Friends [1970]
  • SD 33-342 - Idlewild South - Allman Brothers Band [1970] This record was issued with Atco labels but the cover denotes Capricorn Record Series.
  • SD 33-343 - Airforce 2 - Ginger Baker's Airforce [12/70]
  • SD 33-344 - Duncan Pain - Duncan Pain [1970]
  • SD 33-345 - Lie Back and Enjoy It - Juicy Lucy [1970]
  • SD 33-346 - Jesse Ed Davis! - Jesse Ed Davis [1970]
  • SD 33-347 - Fat Mattress 2 - Fat Mattress [1/71]
  • SD 33-348 - Red, White and Blues Image - Blues Image [1970]
  • SD 33-349 - Things We Like - Jack Bruce With John McLaughlin, Dick Heckstall-Smith and Jon Hiseman [1970]
  • SD 33-350 - Tin Tin - Tin Tin [1970]
  • SD 33-351 - Reach For the Sky - Cowboy [1970] The label on this album is Capricorn Records.
  • SD 33-352 - Dada - Dada [1970]
  • SD 33-353 - 2 Years On - Bee Gees [1970]
  • SD 33-354 - Black Oak Arkansas - Black Oak Arkansas [1971]
  • SD 33-355 - The Roger Tillison Album - Roger Tillison [1970]
  • SD 33-356 - One Way...Or Another - Cactus [1971]
  • SD 33-357 - L.A. Getaway - Hill, Barbara and Ethridge Featuring Leon Russell, Dr. John and Clarence White [1970]
  • SD 33-358 - Motel Shot - Delaney & Bonnie & Friends [1971]
  • SD 33-359 - Live At Fillmore West - King Curtis [1971]
  • SD 33-360 - Donny Hathaway - Donny Hathaway [1970]
  • SD 33-361 - Mike Corbett and Jay Hirst With Hugh McCracken - Mike Corbett and Jay Hirst [1971]
  • SD 33-362 - Sun, Moon and Herbs - Dr. John [1971]
  • SD 33-363 - Melody (Soundtrack) - Richard Hewson [1971]
  • SD 33-364 - Buddy Guy and Junior Wells Play the Blues - Buddy Guy and Junior Wells [1972]
  • SD 33-365 - Harmony Row - Jack Bruce [8/71]
  • SD 33-366 - To Help Somebody - Green [1971]
  • SD 33-367 - Get a Whiff of This - Juicy Lucy [1971]
  • SD 33-368 - Rory Gallagher - Rory Gallagher [1971]
  • SD 33-369 - Evolution: The Best of Iron Butterfly - Iron Butterfly [1971]
  • SD 33-370 - Astral Taxi - Tin Tin [1971]
  • SD 33-371 - Their Greatest Recordings - Coasters [1971]
  • SD 33-372 - Her Greatest Recordings - La Vern Baker [1971]
  • SD 33-373 - His Greatest Recordings - Chuck Willis [1971]
  • SD 33-374 - Their Greatest Recordings - Clovers [1971]
  • SD 33-375 - Their Greatest Recordings - Drifters [1971]
  • SD 33-376 - His Greatest Recordings - Joe Turner [1971]
  • SD 33-377 - Restrictions - Cactus [1971]
  • SD 33-378 - It Is and It Isn't - Gordon Haskell [12/71]
  • SD 33-379 - Funky Nassau - Beginning of the End [1972] The label on this album is Alston Records.
  • SD 33-380 - The Patterson Singers - Patterson Singers [1972
  • SD 33-381 - Keep the Faith - Black Oak Arkansas [1972]
  • SD 33-382 - Ululu - Jesse Ed Davis [1972]
  • SD 33-383 - Country Life - Delaney & Bonnie [1972]
  • SD 33-384 - Nevada Jukebox - 60,000,000 Buffalo [1972]
  • SD 33-385 - Everybody's Talkin' - King Curtis [1972]
  • SD 33-386 - Donny Hathaway Live - Donny Hathaway [1972]
  • SD 33-387 - Thin Line Between Love & Hate - Persuaders [1972] The label on this album is Win Or Lose Records.
  • SD 33-388 - I Love the Way You Love - Betty Wright [1972] The label on this album is Alston Records.
  • SD 33-389 - Louisiana Red Sings the Blues - Louisiana Red [1972]

[6] [7]

SD-7000 series

[9]

SD-36-100 series

[10]

SD-38-100 series

[11]

SD-32-100 series

[12]

2-400 series

[12]

2-700 series

[12]

2-800 series

[12]

Special issue

SP 1001 - For Teenagers Only - Bobby Darin [1960] This special issue was released during the height of Bobby Darin's popularity. [12]

Atco Group

SD-850 - Smash Sounds - Various Artists [1967] [12]

SD-11000 series

SD-11000 - The Beat Goes On - Sonny and Cher [1/76] [12]

Roster

The following is a list of artists who have recorded for ATCO Records.

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References

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  2. Galen Gart (1990). First Pressings:The History Of Rhythm and Blues, volume 5, 1955. Big Nickel. pp. 90, 91 & al. ISBN   0-936433-05-1.
  3. Gardner, Mark (2002). Barry Kernfeld (ed.). The New Grove Dictionary of Jazz, vol. 1 (2nd ed.). New York: Grove's Dictionaries Inc. p. 88. ISBN   1561592846.
  4. "Atlantic Relaunches Iconic ATCO Records Under Pete Ganbarg: Exclusive". Billboard.
  5. "Ben King* - Ben King". Discogs.
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  7. Edwards, D., Wu, R., Eyries, P. & Callahan, M., Both Sides Now, Atco Album Discography, Part 2, SD-100 Series (1968-1972), accessed March 23, 2020
  8. "ATCO LPs, 1957-1982 by title54 | Discogs Lists". www.discogs.com.
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  10. Edwards, D., Wu, R., Eyries, P. & Callahan, M., Both Sides Now, Atco Album Discography, Part 4, 36-100 Series (1974-1977), accessed March 23, 2020
  11. Edwards, D., Wu, R., Eyries, P. & Callahan, M., Both Sides Now, Atco Album Discography, Part 5, 38-100 Series (1978-1982), accessed March 23, 2020
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Edwards, D., Wu, R., Eyries, P. & Callahan, M., Both Sides Now, Atco Album Discography, Part 6, Miscellaneous Series, accessed March 23, 2020
  13. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-04-11. Retrieved 2011-10-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)