Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana

Last updated

Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana
FIMI logo.png
Headquarters Milan
  • Italy
Enzo Mazza
Website fimi.it
Music of Italy
Nuvola Italy flag alternative.svg
General topics
Media and performance
Music awards
Music charts
Music festivals
Music media Music media in Italy
Nationalistic and patriotic songs
National anthem"Il Canto degli Italiani"
Regional music

The Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana (FIMI) is an umbrella organization that keeps track of virtually all aspects of the music recording industry in Italy. It was established in 1992, when major corporate labels left the previously existing Associazione dei Fonografici Italiani (AFI). [1] [2] During the following years, most of the remaining Italian record labels left AFI to join the new organization. [2] As of 2011, FIMI represents 2,500 companies operating in the music business. [3]

Italy republic in Southern Europe

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a European country consisting of a peninsula delimited by the Alps and surrounded by several islands. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean sea and traversed along its length by the Apennines, Italy has a largely temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. The country covers a total area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi), and land area of 294,140 km2 (113,570 sq mi), and shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia, and the enclaved microstates of Vatican City and San Marino. Italy has a territorial exclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime exclave in the Tunisian Sea (Lampedusa). With around 60 million inhabitants, Italy is the fourth-most populous member state of the European Union.


FIMI is a member of the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry and of the Italian employers' federation, Confindustria. [3] Its main purpose is to protect the interests of the Italian record industry. [3]

The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) is the organisation that represents the interests of the recording industry worldwide. It is a non-profit members' organisation registered in Switzerland and founded in Italy in 1933. It operates a Secretariat based in London, with regional offices in Brussels, Hong Kong, and Miami.

Starting in March 1995, the Italian Music Industry Federation began providing the Italian official albums chart. In January 1997, FIMI also became the provider of the Italian official singles chart. Due to the decrease of CD singles sales in Italy, FIMI replaced its physical singles chart with a digital downloads chart—based on legal internet and mobile downloads—on January 1, 2008. [4]

A CD single is a music single in the form of a compact disc. The standard in the Red Book for the term CD single is an 8cm CD. It now refers to any single recorded onto a CD of any size, particularly the CD5, or 5-inch CD single. The format was introduced in the mid-1980s but did not gain its place in the market until the early 1990s. With the rise in digital downloads in the early 2010s, sales of CD singles have decreased.

Music download digital transfer of music from an Internet-facing computer or website to a users local desktop computer

A music download is the digital transfer of music via the Internet into a device capable of decoding and playing it, such as a home computer, MP3 player or smartphone. This term encompasses both legal downloads and downloads of copyrighted material without permission or legal payment. According to a Nielsen report, downloadable music accounted for 55.9% of all music sales in the US in 2012. By the beginning of 2011, Apple's iTunes Store alone made US$1.1 billion of revenue in the first quarter of its fiscal year.

In July 2011, Enzo Mazza was confirmed as FIMI chairman. [5]


FIMI Albums Chart

In September 1994, the chairman of FIMI, Caccia Dominioni, announced the Federation's intention to establish an album chart to replace the previously existing charts, which were considered unreliable due to their compiling methods. [6]

The Italian Music Industry Federation compiled its first album chart in March 1995. Issued on 7 March 1995, it was based on sales between 23 February 1995 and 1 March 1995. [7] This period coincided with the first week of sales for the albums released by the 45th Sanremo Music Festival contestants, the most important music event in Italy. The first number-one album was Bruce Springsteen's Greatest Hits . [7]

Sanremo Music Festival popular Italian song contest

The Festival della canzone italiana di Sanremo is the most popular Italian song contest and awards, held annually in the town of Sanremo, Liguria, and consisting of a competition amongst previously unreleased songs. Usually referred to as Festival di Sanremo, or outside Italy as Sanremo Music Festival or Sanremo Music Festival Award, it was the inspiration for the Eurovision Song Contest.

Bruce Springsteen American singer and songwriter

Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen, nicknamed "The Boss", is an American singer, songwriter, and musician who is a solo artist and is the leader of the E Street Band. Springsteen received critical acclaim for his early 1970s albums and attained worldwide fame upon the release of Born to Run in 1975. During a career that has spanned five decades, Springsteen has become known for his poetic and socially conscious lyrics and for his lengthy, energetic stage performances. He has recorded both rock albums and folk-oriented works, and his lyrics often address the experiences and struggles of working-class Americans.

<i>Greatest Hits</i> (Bruce Springsteen album) 1995 greatest hits album by Bruce Springsteen

Greatest Hits is Bruce Springsteen's first compilation album, released February 27, 1995, on Columbia Records. It is a collection of some of Springsteen's hit singles and popular album tracks through the years along with four new songs at the end, mostly recorded with the E Street Band in 1995. The latter constituted Springsteen's first release with his backing band since the late 1980s. Some of the songs are shorter versions of the original album releases.

Between 1995 and 2009, the FIMI Album Chart was based on data provided by Nielsen. From January 2010, the FIMI Album Chart's positions have been derived from GfK Retail and Technology Italia sales data. The chairman of the Italian Music Industry Federation, Enzo Mazza, explained this decision declaring that "the long-time partnership with Nielsen, started in 1995, was satisfying, but in a moment marked by a deep transformation and innovation of the market, we thought that the service offered by Nielsen was no more adequate". [8]

In 1995, the chart was based on data digitally gathered by 130 sellers. [9] The number of sellers was later increased and, as of 2011, the chart is based on the number of copies sold between Monday to Sunday by a subset of 3,400 retailers. [10] Starting from 14 October 2011, the FIMI Albums Chart also includes digital sales. [11]

FIMI Compilations Chart

In March 1995, alongside the FIMI Album Chart, the Italian Music Industry Federation also began the FIMI Compilations Chart, listing the best-selling albums by various artists. These albums are not included in the FIMI Album Chart. [9] The first number-one was Sanremo '95, released by RTI Music and featuring some of the songs performed during the 45th Sanremo Music Festival. [7]

FIMI Singles Chart

In January 1997, the Italian Music Industry Federation also started an official singles chart. [2] [12] [13] The first number-one single was Depeche Mode's "Barrel of a Gun". [13] Compiled by Nielsen, [2] the chart listed the best-selling physical singles in Italy, but on 1 January 2008 it was replaced by the Top Digital Download, listing the best-selling digital singles. [4] The last number one on the physical FIMI Singles Chart was "The Singles Collection" by Vasco Rossi. [14]


The Italian DVD Chart was established by the Italian Music Industry Federation in October 2003. The first Italian DVD Chart listed only the first ten positions, and was headed by Sting's Inside the Songs of Sacred. [15] As of July 2011, it lists the 20 best-selling music DVDs in Italy, and is compiled by ACNielsen. [16]

Top Digital Download

On 10 April 2006, FIMI published the first chart listing the best-selling digital singles in Italy. [17] Compiled by Nielsen SoundScan, the chart was based on data provided by 10 digital stores. [17] The first number-one single was "Sei nell'anima" by Gianna Nannini. [18]

Due to the decrease of CD singles sales in Italy, on 1 January 2008 the Top Digital Download became the Italian official singles chart, replacing the chart based on physical sales. [4] [14]

Sales certification

A certification system has existed in Italy since the mid 1970s. During that period, albums had to sell 500,000 units to qualify for a Silver status, while for Gold, the requirement was 1,000,000 units. [19] Singles, similarly, were required to sell 1,000,000 units to reach the Gold level in the mid 1970s. [19] Sales requirements for music recordings in Italy for domestic and international repertoire are the same levels.


Note that in the table below are the certification-levels, when the program of Gold and Platinum is operated under FIMI.

Until 31 December 2004 [20] [21] [22] 50,000100,000500,000
From 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2007 [21] [22] 40,00080,000400,000
From 1 January 2008 to late 2009 [22] [23] 35,00070,000350,000
From late 2009 [24] to 31 December 2011 [25] [26] 30,00060,000300,000
From 1 January 2012 [27] 30,00060,000600,000
From 1 January 2014 [28] 25,00050,000500,000


Italy has had a Gold certification program for singles during the mid 1970s, with the level for Gold set at 1,000,000 units. [19] Even though, the requirement of 1,000,000 units for Gold was quite high for the Italian market, this program was carried on to the 1980s. [29] The singles certification program was abandoned when FIMI took over the operations, and it wasn't until 1999 that Italy re-launched its Gold and Platinum program for singles. [30]

Note that in the table below are the certification-levels, when the program of Gold and Platinum is operated under FIMI.

From March 1999 to 31 December 2004 [30] [31] 25,00050,000N/A
From 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2009 [21] [22] [32] 10,00020,000N/A
From 1 January 2010 [33] 15,00030,000N/A
From 1 January 2014 [28] 15,00030,000300,000
From 1 February 2015 [34] 25,00050,000500,000

Music DVDs

Note that in the table below are the certification-levels, when the program of Gold and Platinum is operated under FIMI.

From 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2008 [21] 15,00030,000

List of certified albums

The following is a list of Platinum and multi-platinum albums that have been certified by the Italian Music Industry Federation. The listed certifications below can be verified through FIMI's certification database. [35] For certification-levels refer to the tables above.

Platinum albums

Two-times Platinum

Three-times Platinum

Four-times Platinum

Five-times Platinum

Six-times Platinum

Seven-times Platinum

Eight-times Platinum


Note that the albums released from 2005 until the end of 2011, were qualified for Diamond-award upon reaching five-times Platinum. FIMI, however, changed this rule in January 2012, and began to base the Diamond-award on ten-times Platinum for all titles released on/after January 1, 2012.

See also

Related Research Articles

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