Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana

Last updated

Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana
FIMI logo.png
Formation1992
Headquarters Milan
Location
  • Italy
Chairman
Enzo Mazza
Website fimi.it
Music of Italy
General topics
Genres
Media and performance
Music awards
Music charts
Music festivals
Music media Music media in Italy
Nationalistic and patriotic songs
National anthem"Il Canto degli Italiani"
Regional music

The Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana (FIMI) is an umbrella organization that keeps track of virtually all aspects of the music recording industry in Italy. It was established in 1992, when major corporate labels left the previously existing Associazione dei Fonografici Italiani (AFI). [1] [2] During the following years, most of the remaining Italian record labels left AFI to join the new organization. [2] As of 2011, FIMI represents 2,500 companies operating in the music business. [3]

Italy republic in Southern Europe

Italy, officially the Italian Republic, is a country in Southern Europe. Located in the middle of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy shares open land borders with France, Switzerland, Austria, Slovenia and the enclaved microstates San Marino and Vatican City. Italy covers an area of 301,340 km2 (116,350 sq mi) and has a largely temperate seasonal and Mediterranean climate. With around 61 million inhabitants, it is the fourth-most populous EU member state and the most populous country in Southern Europe.

Contents

FIMI is a member of the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry and of the Italian employers' federation, Confindustria. [3] Its main purpose is to protect the interests of the Italian record industry. [3]

The International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) is the organisation that represents the interests of the recording industry worldwide. It is a non-profit members' organisation registered in Switzerland and founded in Italy in 1933. It operates a Secretariat based in London, with regional offices in Brussels, Hong Kong and Miami.

Starting in March 1995, the Italian Music Industry Federation began providing the Italian official albums chart. In January 1997, FIMI also became the provider of the Italian official singles chart. Due to the decrease of CD singles sales in Italy, FIMI replaced its physical singles chart with a digital downloads chart—based on legal internet and mobile downloads—on January 1, 2008. [4]

CD single music single in the form of a standard size compact disc

A CD single is a music single in the form of a compact disc. The standard in the Red Book for the term CD single is an 8cm CD. It now refers to any single recorded onto a CD of any size, particularly the CD5, or 5-inch CD single. The format was introduced in the mid-1980s but did not gain its place in the market until the early 1990s. With the rise in digital downloads in the early 2010s, sales of CD singles have decreased.

Music download digital transfer of music from an Internet-facing computer or website to a users local desktop computer

A music download is the digital transfer of music via the Internet into a device capable of decoding and playing it, such as a home computer, MP3 player or smartphone. This term encompasses both legal downloads and downloads of copyrighted material without permission or legal payment. According to a Nielsen report, downloadable music accounted for 55.9% of all music sales in the US in 2012. By the beginning of 2011, Apple's iTunes Store alone made US$1.1 billion of revenue in the first quarter of its fiscal year.

In July 2011, Enzo Mazza was confirmed as FIMI chairman. [5]

Charts

FIMI Albums Chart

In September 1994, the chairman of FIMI, Caccia Dominioni, announced the Federation's intention to establish an album chart to replace the previously existing charts, which were considered unreliable due to their compiling methods. [6]

The Italian Music Industry Federation compiled its first album chart in March 1995. Issued on 7 March 1995, it was based on sales between 23 February 1995 and 1 March 1995. [7] This period coincided with the first week of sales for the albums released by the 45th Sanremo Music Festival contestants, the most important music event in Italy. The first number-one album was Bruce Springsteen's Greatest Hits . [7]

Sanremo Music Festival popular Italian song contest

The Festival della canzone italiana di Sanremo is the most popular Italian song contest and awards, held annually in the town of Sanremo, Liguria, and consisting of a competition amongst previously unreleased songs. Usually referred to as Festival di Sanremo, or outside Italy as Sanremo Music Festival or Sanremo Music Festival Award, it was the inspiration for the Eurovision Song Contest.

Bruce Springsteen American singer and songwriter

Bruce Frederick Joseph Springsteen is an American singer-songwriter and leader of the E Street Band. Nicknamed "The Boss," he is recognized for his poetic lyrics, his Jersey Shore roots, his distinctive voice, and lengthy, energetic stage performances.

<i>Greatest Hits</i> (Bruce Springsteen album) 1995 greatest hits album by Bruce Springsteen

Greatest Hits is Bruce Springsteen's first compilation album, released February 27, 1995, on Columbia Records. It is a collection of some of Springsteen's hit singles and popular album tracks through the years along with four new songs at the end, mostly recorded with the E Street Band in 1995. The latter constituted Springsteen's first release with his backing band since the late 1980s. Some of the songs are shorter versions of the original album releases.

Between 1995 and 2009, the FIMI Album Chart was based on data provided by Nielsen. From January 2010, the FIMI Album Chart's positions have been derived from GfK Retail and Technology Italia sales data. The chairman of the Italian Music Industry Federation, Enzo Mazza, explained this decision declaring that "the long-time partnership with Nielsen, started in 1995, was satisfying, but in a moment marked by a deep transformation and innovation of the market, we thought that the service offered by Nielsen was no more adequate". [8]

In 1995, the chart was based on data digitally gathered by 130 sellers. [9] The number of sellers was later increased and, as of 2011, the chart is based on the number of copies sold between Monday to Sunday by a subset of 3,400 retailers. [10] Starting from 14 October 2011, the FIMI Albums Chart also includes digital sales. [11]

FIMI Compilations Chart

In March 1995, alongside the FIMI Album Chart, the Italian Music Industry Federation also began the FIMI Compilations Chart, listing the best-selling albums by various artists. These albums are not included in the FIMI Album Chart. [9] The first number-one was Sanremo '95, released by RTI Music and featuring some of the songs performed during the 45th Sanremo Music Festival. [7]

FIMI Singles Chart

In January 1997, the Italian Music Industry Federation also started an official singles chart. [2] [12] [13] The first number-one single was Depeche Mode's "Barrel of a Gun". [13] Compiled by Nielsen, [2] the chart listed the best-selling physical singles in Italy, but on 1 January 2008 it was replaced by the Top Digital Download, listing the best-selling digital singles. [4] The last number one on the physical FIMI Singles Chart was "The Singles Collection" by Vasco Rossi. [14]

FIMI DVD Chart

The Italian DVD Chart was established by the Italian Music Industry Federation in October 2003. The first Italian DVD Chart listed only the first ten positions, and was headed by Sting's Inside the Songs of Sacred. [15] As of July 2011, it lists the 20 best-selling music DVDs in Italy, and is compiled by ACNielsen. [16]

Top Digital Download

On 10 April 2006, FIMI published the first chart listing the best-selling digital singles in Italy. [17] Compiled by Nielsen SoundScan, the chart was based on data provided by 10 digital stores. [17] The first number-one single was "Sei nell'anima" by Gianna Nannini. [18]

Due to the decrease of CD singles sales in Italy, on 1 January 2008 the Top Digital Download became the Italian official singles chart, replacing the chart based on physical sales. [4] [14]

Sales certification

A certification system has existed in Italy since the mid 1970s. During that period, albums had to sell 500,000 units to qualify for a Silver status, while for Gold, the requirement was 1,000,000 units. [19] Singles, similarly, were required to sell 1,000,000 units to reach the Gold level in the mid 1970s. [19] Sales requirements for music recordings in Italy for domestic and international repertoire are the same levels.

Albums

Note that in the table below are the certification-levels, when the program of Gold and Platinum is operated under FIMI.

PeriodGold
certification
Platinum
certification
Diamond
certification
Until 31 December 2004 [20] [21] [22] 50,000100,000500,000
From 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2007 [21] [22] 40,00080,000400,000
From 1 January 2008 to late 2009 [22] [23] 35,00070,000350,000
From late 2009 [24] to 31 December 2011 [25] [26] 30,00060,000300,000
From 1 January 2012 [27] 30,00060,000600,000
From 1 January 2014 [28] 25,00050,000500,000

Singles

Italy has had a Gold certification program for singles during the mid 1970s, with the level for Gold set at 1,000,000 units. [19] Even though, the requirement of 1,000,000 units for Gold was quite high for the Italian market, this program was carried on to the 1980s. [29] The singles certification program was abandoned when FIMI took over the operations, and it wasn't until 1999 that Italy re-launched its Gold and Platinum program for singles. [30]

Note that in the table below are the certification-levels, when the program of Gold and Platinum is operated under FIMI.

PeriodGold
certification
Platinum
certification
Diamond
certification
From March 1999 to 31 December 2004 [30] [31] 25,00050,000N/A
From 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2009 [21] [22] [32] 10,00020,000N/A
From 1 January 2010 [33] 15,00030,000N/A
From 1 January 2014 [28] 15,00030,000300,000
From 1 February 2015 [34] 25,00050,000500,000

Music DVDs

Note that in the table below are the certification-levels, when the program of Gold and Platinum is operated under FIMI.

PeriodGold
certification
Platinum
certification
From 1 January 2005 to 31 December 2008 [21] 15,00030,000

List of certified albums

The following is a list of Platinum and multi-platinum albums that have been certified by the Italian Music Industry Federation. [35] For certification-levels refer to the tables above.

Platinum albums

Two-times Platinum

Three-times Platinum

Four-times Platinum

Five-times Platinum

Six-times Platinum

Seven-times Platinum

Eight-times Platinum

Diamond

Note that the albums released from 2005 until the end of 2011, were qualified for Diamond-award upon reaching five-times Platinum. FIMI, however, changed this rule in January 2012, and began to base the Diamond-award on ten-times Platinum for all titles released on/after January 1, 2012.

See also

Related Research Articles

In the United States, the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) awards certification based on the number of albums and singles sold through retail and other ancillary markets. Other countries have similar awards. Certification is not automatic; for an award to be made, the record label must request certification. The audit is conducted against net shipments after returns, which includes albums sold directly to retailers and one-stops, direct-to-consumer sales and other outlets.

<i>Aquarium</i> (Aqua album) 1997 studio album by Aqua

Aquarium is the debut studio album by Danish-Norwegian band Aqua. The album was released in Scandinavia on March 26, 1997 and in the United States on September 9, 1997. Although the group had been together for three years under their original name Joyspeed, their only release under that name was a single called "Itzy Bitsy Spider". The album is best known for including the successful singles "Barbie Girl", "Doctor Jones" and "Turn Back Time", the first of those being a huge hit across the globe.

Below is the complete Electric Light Orchestra discography including imports, videos, and hit singles. ELO's back catalogue is unusual since their compilation albums far outweigh their studio output in number, owing to the large number of hit singles primarily written by Jeff Lynne. From 1972 to 1986, ELO accumulated more combined UK and US Top 40 hits than any other band in the world, and also generated the third most UK and US separate Top 40 hits.

Take That discography discography

The discography of Take That, a British pop music group, consists of eight studio albums, two compilation albums, thirty-two singles, two live albums, one extended play and fourteen video albums.

Laura Pausini discography discography

The discography of Laura Pausini, an Italian pop singer, consists of thirteen studio albums, two compilation albums, respectively released for the Hispanic and Anglophone markets only, two international greatest hits album, three live albums and five video albums, including the live DVD Amiche per l'Abruzzo, released as part of the all-female Italian ensemble of the same name.

Productores de Música de España trade association representing more than 90 percent of the Spanish recorded music industry

Productores de Música de España is the organisation responsible for the Spanish Albums Chart and other music charts. It is a trade association that represents more than 90 percent of the Spanish recorded music industry. It is the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry (IFPI) group for Spain.

<i>The Best of Laura Pausini: E ritorno da te</i> 2001 compilation album by Laura Pausini

The Best of Laura Pausini: E ritorno da te is a compilation album of Italian singer-songwriter Laura Pausini's greatest hits, issued by CGD East West (Warner) Records in 2001. Lo mejor de Laura Pausini: Volveré junto a ti is its Spanish language edition released for the hispanophone market.

Eros Ramazzotti discography discography

This is the discography of Eros Ramazzotti, one of the most successful Italian singers and songwriters of all time.

Ligabue discography

The discography of Ligabue, the Italian rock-singer Luciano Ligabue, consists of twelve studio albums, two compilation albums, one soundtrack albums, five live albums, sixty-six singles as a lead artist and four singles as a featured artist.

Zucchero Fornaciari discography

The discography of Zucchero, an Italian rock blues singer-songwriter, consists of twelve studio albums, one soundtrack album, seven compilation albums, two live albums and more than sixty singles. In 1993, Zucchero has also released a studio album with the band Adelmo e i suoi Sorapis, also including Equipe 84's Maurizio Vandelli and Pooh's Dodi Battaglia.

Selena Gomez discography discography

American singer Selena Gomez has released two studio albums, one compilation album, one extended play, twenty singles and three promotional singles. In 2008, Gomez first signed to Hollywood Records. Gomez's first EP, Another Cinderella Story, was released on June 16, 2009, by Razor & Tie. She released her first solo album, Stars Dance (2013), which debuted atop the US Billboard 200 chart, and also reached number one in Canada. It was preceded by the release of its lead single, "Come & Get It", which reached the top ten in the United States, Canada and the United Kingdom.

Noemi (singer) Italian singer, screenwriter and music video director

Noemi is an Italian singer-songwriter. In 2013 she became a coach in The Voice of Italy. She has sold over 735,000 records in Italy.

<i>Il Volo</i> (album) 2010 studio album by Il Volo

Il Volo is the self-titled debut album from the pop-opera trio Il Volo, formed on the Italian singing competition Ti lascio una canzone. The album, produced by Humberto Gatica and Italian singer-producer Tony Renis, was released in Italy on November 30, 2010 and in the United States on May 17, 2011. It reached the top spot in the Austrian Albums Chart and it was certified Platinum in Italy by the Federation of the Italian Music Industry. The Spanish edition of the album received a nomination for Best Pop Album by a Duo or Group with Vocals at the 12th Latin Grammy Awards in 2011.

Nek discography

The discography of Nek, an Italian pop rock singer, contains thirteen Italian-language studio album, nine Spanish-language studio albums, three Italian and Spanish compilation albums, and forty-eight singles.

Destinazione paradiso (song) song by Gianluca Grignani

"Destinazione paradiso" is a song written and recorded by Italian singer-songwriter Gianluca Grignani together with Massimo Luca, who produced the track for Grignani's debut album with the same title.

<i>prontoacorrere</i> 2013 studio album by Marco Mengoni

#prontoacorrere is the second studio album by Italian singer Marco Mengoni, released by Sony Music Italy on 19 March 2013 and produced by Michele Canova.

References

  1. Mario Luzzatto Fegiz (25 October 1992). "Sanremo '93, già una stonatura". Corriere della Sera (in Italian).
  2. 1 2 3 4 "Inchiesta classifiche Rockol: la parola a Enzo Mazza (FIMI)" (in Italian). rockol.it. 26 November 2002. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  3. 1 2 3 "FIMI – Profilo" (in Italian). Federation of the Italian Music Industry. Archived from the original on 10 August 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  4. 1 2 3 Worden, Mark (14 January 2008). "Italy's Singles Chart Goes Digital". Billboard . Retrieved 11 February 2008.
  5. "FIMI nella continuità, Enzo Mazza riconfermato presidente" (in Italian). Rockol.it. 29 July 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  6. Mario Luzzatto Fegiz (16 September 1994). "Arriva la nuova hit parade: mai più errori o trucchi". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  7. 1 2 3 Marinella Venegoni (7 March 1995). "La nuova hit parade trasparente rivoluziona la classifica festivaliera. Sanremo, i veri vincitori. Volano alto i Neri per Caso e Fiorello". La Stampa (in Italian). Archived from the original on 28 March 2012. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  8. "Classifiche, dal 2010 FIMI cambia partner (da Nielsen a GfK)" (in Italian). Rockol.it. 2 December 2009. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  9. 1 2 Antonio Dipollina (7 March 1995). "Un Auditel per i dischi". la Repubblica (in Italian). Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  10. "Nota metodologica GfK Retail and Technology" (in Italian). Italian Music Industry Federation. Archived from the original on 19 August 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  11. "Rivoluzione chart ufficiali FIMI/GfK: Entrano in Top Ten anche gli album digitali" (in Italian). Italian Music Industry Federation. 10 October 2011. Archived from the original on 16 October 2011. Retrieved 10 October 2011.
  12. "Italian Music Biz Relaunches CD Single". Billboard . Nielsen Business Media. 108 (45): 43. 9 November 1996. ISSN   0006-2510.
  13. 1 2 "Singoli – I numeri uno dal 1997 al 2006" (in Italian). it-charts.150m.com. Archived from the original on 3 October 2013. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  14. 1 2 Andrea Laffranchi (3 January 2008). "Una rivoluzione nella musica Addio alla hit dei cd "singoli"". Corriere della Sera (in Italian).
  15. "La hit dei dvd musicali: Sting al primo posto poi Mina e Pink Floyd". Corriere della Sera (in Italian). 15 October 2003. Retrieved 17 August 2008.
  16. "DVD Musicali – Classifica settimanale dal 25/07/2011 al 31/07/2011" (in Italian). Italian Music Industry Federation. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  17. 1 2 "Gianna Nannini in testa alla hit della prima classifica del web". la Repubblica (in Italian). 10 April 2006. Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  18. Marinella Venegoni (11 April 1996). "Gianna Nannini è "nell'anima" e in testa a ogni hit". La Stampa (in Italian). Retrieved 17 August 2011.
  19. 1 2 3 "Billboard Vol. 86, No. 52". Billboard. 1974-12-26: 40. Retrieved 2013-04-29.
  20. Mark Worden (5 February 2005). "Italian Labels Body FIMI". Billboard magazine . Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  21. 1 2 3 4 "Calano le vendite, la FIMI abbassa la soglia di dischi d'oro e di platino" (in Italian). Rockol.it. 14 January 2005. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  22. 1 2 3 4 Mark Worden (25 January 2008). "FIMI Lowers Gold, Platinum Levels". billboard.biz. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
  23. "Vendite a picco, scendono ancora i parametri per dischi d'oro e di platino" (in Italian). Rockol.it. 30 January 2008. Retrieved 21 February 2012.
  24. Screen nDream. Billboard. 14 November 2009. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
  25. "IFPI Certification Awards Levels 2011" (PDF). IFPI. 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  26. "IFPI Certification Awards Levels 2012" (PDF). IFPI. 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 August 2012. Retrieved 10 November 2014.
  27. "Assegnazioni dichi d'oro, platino, multi platino, diamond" (in Italian). Italian Music Industry Federation. Archived from the original on 5 January 2013. Retrieved 2 March 2016.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  28. 1 2 "FIMI Profili: Certificazioni: CATEGORIE CERTIFICAZIONE ALBUM e COMPILATION (prodotto fisico e online)" (in Italian). Italian Music Industry Federation. Archived from the original on 10 February 2015. Retrieved 10 February 2015.
  29. Murells, Joseph (1984-12-31). Million selling records from the 1900s to the 1980s: an illustrated directory. Batsford. p. 10. ISBN   9780713438437 . Retrieved 2013-04-29.
  30. 1 2 Mark Dezzani (27 March 1999). "Newsline...: Italian Label's Body". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 111 (13): 69. ISSN   0006-2510.
  31. "newsline". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media, Inc. 117 (6): 45. 5 February 2005. ISSN   0006-2510.
  32. "IFPI Certification-levels 2009" (PDF). IFPI. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 2014-01-17.CS1 maint: Unfit url (link)
  33. "IFPI Certification-levels 2010" (PDF). IFPI. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 November 2010. Retrieved 2014-01-17.
  34. "FIMI Profili: Certificazioni: CATEGORIE CERTIFICAZIONE SINGLE TRACK ONLINE" (in Italian). Italian Music Industry Federation. Archived from the original on 10 February 2015. Retrieved 5 February 2015.
  35. FIMI Certificazioni: Archivio. FIMI (in Italian). Archived from the original on 10 February 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2013.