Off the Wall

Last updated
Off the Wall
Off the wall.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedAugust 10, 1979
RecordedDecember 1978 – June 3, 1979
StudioAllen Zentz Recording
Westlake Studios
Cherokee Studios
(Los Angeles, California)
Genre
Length42:28
Label
Producer
Michael Jackson chronology
The Best of Michael Jackson
(1975)
Off the Wall
(1979)
One Day in Your Life
(1981)
Michael Jackson studio album chronology
Forever, Michael
(1975)
Off the Wall
(1979)
Thriller
(1982)
Alternate cover
OffTheWallSpecialEdition.jpg
The slipcover for the 2001 Special Edition of the album. Current pressings of the special edition do not include the slipcover.
Singles from Off the Wall
  1. "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough"
    Released: July 28, 1979
  2. "Rock with You"
    Released: November 3, 1979
  3. "Off the Wall"
    Released: February 2, 1980
  4. "She's Out of My Life"
    Released: April 19, 1980
  5. "Girlfriend"
    Released: July 16, 1980 (U.K. only)

Off the Wall is the fifth solo studio album by American singer Michael Jackson, released on August 10, 1979 in the United States by Epic Records and internationally by CBS Records. It was Jackson's first album released through Epic Records, the label he recorded under until his death in 2009, and the first produced by Quincy Jones, whom he met while working on the 1978 film The Wiz. Several critics observed that Off the Wall was crafted from funk, disco, soft rock, Broadway and pop ballads. Its lyrical themes include escapism, liberation, loneliness, hedonism and romance.

Michael Jackson American singer, songwriter and dancer

Michael Joseph Jackson was an American singer, songwriter, and dancer. Dubbed the "King of Pop", he is widely regarded as one of the most significant cultural figures of the 20th century and one of the greatest entertainers of all time. He was also known for his unorthodox lifestyle, residing in a private amusement park he called Neverland Ranch, and often becoming the focus of tabloid scrutiny. Jackson's contributions to music, dance, and fashion, along with his publicized personal life, made him a global figure in popular culture for over four decades.

Epic Records American record label

Epic Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, Inc., the North American division of Japanese conglomerate Sony. The label was founded predominantly as a jazz and classical music label in 1953, but later expanded its scope to include a more diverse range of genres, including pop, R&B, rock, and hip hop. Epic Records has released music by artists including Glenn Miller, Tammy Wynette, George Michael, The Yardbirds, Donovan, Shakin Stevens, Europe, Cheap Trick, Meat Loaf, Stevie Ray Vaughan, Ted Nugent, Shakira, Sly & the Family Stone, The Hollies, Celine Dion, ABBA, Culture Club, Boston, Dave Clark Five, Gloria Estefan, Pearl Jam, Rage Against the Machine, and Michael Jackson. Along with Arista, Columbia and RCA Records, Epic is one of Sony Music Entertainment's four flagship record labels.

Columbia Records American record label; currently owned by Sony Music Entertainment

Columbia Records is an American record label owned by Sony Music Entertainment, a subsidiary of Sony Corporation of America, the North American division of Japanese conglomerate Sony. It was founded in 1887, evolving from the American Graphophone Company, the successor to the Volta Graphophone Company. Columbia is the oldest surviving brand name in the recorded sound business, and the second major company to produce records. From 1961 to 1990, Columbia recordings were released outside North America under the name CBS Records to avoid confusion with EMI's Columbia Graphophone Company. Columbia is one of Sony Music's four flagship record labels, alongside former longtime rival RCA Records, as well as Arista Records and Epic Records.

Contents

Off the Wall peaked at number three on the Billboard 200 and was an enormous commercial success. [1] Five singles were released from the album, three with music videos. Jackson wrote three songs himself, including the number-one single "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough". The second single from the album, "Rock with You" also peaked atop the Billboard Hot 100. [2] With Off the Wall, Jackson became the first solo artist to have four singles from the same album peak inside the top 10 of the Billboard Hot 100. The record was a departure from Jackson's previous work for Motown Records, and was hailed as a major breakthrough for Jackson, while receiving critical recognition, along with praises, from major music publications.

The Billboard 200 is a record chart ranking the 200 most popular music albums and EPs in the United States. It is published weekly by Billboard magazine. It is frequently used to convey the popularity of an artist or groups of artists. Often, a recording act will be remembered by its "number ones", those of their albums that outperformed all others during at least one week. The chart grew from a weekly top 10 list in 1956 to become a top 200 in May 1967, and acquired its present title in March 1992. Its previous names include the Billboard Top LPs (1961–72), Billboard Top LPs & Tape (1972–84), Billboard Top 200 Albums (1984–85) and Billboard Top Pop Albums.

A music video is a short film that integrates a song with imagery, and is produced for promotional or artistic purposes. Modern music videos are primarily made and used as a marketing device intended to promote the sale of music recordings. There are also cases where songs are used in tie-in marketing campaigns that allow them to become more than just a song. Tie-ins and merchandising can be used for toys or for food or other products. Although the origins of the music video date back to musical short films that first appeared in the 1920s, they again came into prominence in the 1980s when the channel MTV based their format around the medium. Prior to the 1980s, these kinds of videos were described by various terms including "illustrated song", "filmed insert", "promotional (promo) film", "promotional clip", "promotional video", "song video", "song clip" or "film clip".

Dont Stop Til You Get Enough single by Michael Jackson

"Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" is a single written and recorded by American singer Michael Jackson. Released under Epic Records on July 28, 1979, the song is the first track on Jackson's fifth studio album Off the Wall (1979). It was the first solo recording over which Jackson had creative control.

Off the Wall was nominated for two Grammy Awards, with Jackson winning Best Male R&B Vocal Performance for "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" which was his first Grammy Award. As of 2018, Off the Wall is certified eight times platinum in the United States and has reportedly sold more than 20 million copies worldwide, making it one of the best-selling albums of all time. Often considered one of the best disco albums of all time, [3] the album was placed at number 68 on Rolling Stone list of "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time" in 2003. The National Association of Recording Merchandisers listed it at number 80 on its list of the "Definitive 200 Albums of All Time". In 2008, Off the Wall was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.

Grammy Award accolade by the National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences of the United States

A Grammy Award, or Grammy, is an award presented by The Recording Academy to recognize achievements in the music industry. The annual presentation ceremony features performances by prominent artists, and the presentation of those awards that have a more popular interest. The Grammys are the second of the Big Three major music awards held annually.

The Grammy Award for Best Male R&B Vocal Performance was awarded between 1968 and 2011. The award has had several minor name changes:

<i>Rolling Stone</i> American magazine focusing on popular culture, based in New York City

Rolling Stone is an American monthly magazine that focuses on popular culture. It was founded in San Francisco, California in 1967 by Jann Wenner, who is still the magazine's publisher, and the music critic Ralph J. Gleason. It was first known for its musical coverage and for political reporting by Hunter S. Thompson. In the 1990s, the magazine shifted focus to a younger readership interested in youth-oriented television shows, film actors, and popular music. In recent years, it has resumed its traditional mix of content.

Background

Jackson in 1974 Jackson 5 1974 (cropped).jpg
Jackson in 1974

Between 1972 and 1975, Michael Jackson released a total of four solo studio albums with Motown; Got to Be There , Ben , Music & Me , and Forever, Michael . These were released as part of The Jackson 5 franchise, and produced successful singles such as "Got to Be There", "Ben" and a remake of Bobby Day's "Rockin' Robin". The Jackson 5's sales, however, began declining in 1973, and the band members chafed under Motown's strict refusal to allow them creative control or input. [4] Although the group scored several top 40 hits, including the top five disco single "Dancing Machine" and the top 20 hit "I Am Love", The Jackson 5 (minus Jermaine Jackson) left Motown in 1975. [4] The Jackson 5 signed a new contract with CBS Records in June 1975, first joining the Philadelphia International Records division and then Epic Records. [4] As a result of legal proceedings, the group was renamed The Jacksons. [5] After the name change, the band continued to tour internationally, releasing five more studio albums between 1976 and 1984; The Jacksons , Goin' Places , Destiny , Triumph , and Victory , as well as a live concert album in 1981. During that period, Michael was not only the lead singer, but also the chief songwriter for the group, writing or co-writing such hits as "Shake Your Body (Down to the Ground)", "This Place Hotel" and "Can You Feel It". [6]

<i>Got to Be There</i> 1972 studio album by Michael Jackson

Got to Be There is the debut studio album by Michael Jackson, released by Motown on January 24, 1972. It includes the song of the same name, which was released on October 7, 1971, as Jackson's debut solo single. It sold 900,000 copies in the United States and over 3.2 million copies worldwide. The album was later remastered and reissued in 2009 as part of the 3-disc compilation Hello World: The Motown Solo Collection.

<i>Music & Me</i> 1973 studio album by Michael Jackson

Music & Me is the third studio album by American artist Michael Jackson, released in 1973 on the Motown label, selling two million copies worldwide. The album was reissued in 2009 as part of the 3-disc compilation Hello World: The Motown Solo Collection.

<i>Forever, Michael</i> 1975 studio album by Michael Jackson

Forever, Michael is the fourth studio album by Michael Jackson, released by Motown Records on January 16, 1975. The album, with the length of over 30 minutes, is credited as having songs with R&B, pop, soul material. Edward Holland, Jr., Brian Holland, Hal Davis, Freddie Perren, Sam Brown III served as producers to Forever, Michael.

In 1978, Jackson starred as Scarecrow in the film musical The Wiz . [7] The musical scores were arranged by Quincy Jones, who formed a partnership with Jackson during the film's production and agreed to produce the singer's solo album Off the Wall. [8] Jackson was dedicated to the role, and watched videotapes of gazelles, cheetahs and panthers in order to learn graceful movements for his part. [9] Jones recalled working with Jackson as one of his favorite experiences from The Wiz, and spoke of Jackson's dedication to his role, comparing his acting style to Sammy Davis, Jr. [9] Critics panned The Wiz upon its October 1978 release, [10] [11] but Jackson's performance as the Scarecrow was one of the only positively reviewed elements of the film, with critics noting that Jackson possessed "genuine acting talent" and "provided the only genuinely memorable moments." [12] [13] Of the results of the film, Jackson stated: "I don't think it could have been any better, I really don't". [14] In 1980, Jackson stated that his time working on The Wiz was "my greatest experience so far...I'll never forget that". [13]

Scarecrow (Oz) character in L. Frank Baums fictional Land of Oz

The Scarecrow is a character in the fictional Land of Oz created by American author L. Frank Baum and illustrator W.W. Denslow. In his first appearance, the Scarecrow reveals that he lacks a brain and desires above all else to have one. In reality, he is only two days old and merely ignorant. Throughout the course of the novel, he demonstrates that he already has the brains he seeks and is later recognized as "the wisest man in all of Oz," although he continues to credit the Wizard for them. He is, however, wise enough to know his own limitations and all too happy to hand the rulership of Oz, passed to him by the Wizard, to Princess Ozma, to become one of her trusted advisors, though he typically spends more time playing games than advising.

<i>The Wiz</i> (film) 1978 film by Sidney Lumet

The Wiz is a 1978 American musical adventure fantasy film produced by Universal Pictures and Motown Productions, and released by Universal Pictures on October 24, 1978. A reimagining of L. Frank Baum's classic 1900 children's novel The Wonderful Wizard of Oz featuring an all-black cast, the film was loosely adapted from the 1974 Broadway musical of the same name. It follows the adventures of Dorothy, a shy, twenty-four-year-old Harlem schoolteacher who finds herself magically transported to the urban fantasy Land of Oz, which resembles a dream version of New York City. Befriended by a Scarecrow, a Tin Man and a Cowardly Lion, she travels through the city to seek an audience with the mysterious Wiz, who they say is the only one powerful enough to send her home.

Quincy Jones American record producer, conductor, arranger, composer, television producer, and trumpeter

Quincy Delight Jones Jr. is an American record producer, musician, composer, and film producer. His career spans six decades in the entertainment industry with a record 80 Grammy Award nominations, 28 Grammys, and a Grammy Legend Award in 1992.

Production

Quincy Jones produced Off the Wall. This was the first of three successful collaborations with Jackson. Quincy Jones 2008.jpg
Quincy Jones produced Off the Wall. This was the first of three successful collaborations with Jackson.

When Jackson began the Off the Wall project he was not sure what he wanted as the final result; however, he did not want another record that sounded like The Jacksons, but rather he wanted more creative freedom, something he had not been allowed on prior albums. [15] Jackson's father Joseph also approved of the project and allowed him to record it on the condition that it didn't interfere with group business. Despite his brothers' desire to work with him, Jackson wanted to make the album independently of his family. [15] [16] Nevertheless, his brother Randy still contributed percussion to "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough".

Steven Randall Jackson is an American singer-songwriter, musician, and dancer. Jackson is best known as a former member of his family band, the Jacksons. Jackson is the youngest Jackson brother, and the second-youngest Jackson sibling after his sister Janet Jackson.

Jones produced "Off the Wall", with co-production credit given to Jackson on the songs he wrote for the album. Songwriters included Jackson, Heatwave's Rod Temperton, Stevie Wonder and Paul McCartney. [17] All sessions took place at Los Angeles County-based recording studios. Rhythm tracks and vocals were recorded at Allen Zentz Recording, the horn section's contributions took place at Westlake Audio, and string instrumentation was recorded at Cherokee Studios in West Hollywood. Following the initial sessions, audio mixing was handled by Grammy-winning engineer Bruce Swedien at Westlake Audio, after which the original tapes went to the A&M Recording Studio, also located in L.A., for mastering. [18] Swedien would later mix the recording sessions for Jackson's next album and his most well-known work, 1982's Thriller . [18] Jones recalled that, at first, he found Jackson to be very introverted, shy and non-assertive. [19]

"She's Out of My Life" had been written for Jones by Tom Bahler three years earlier. Jackson heard and enjoyed it, and Jones allowed him to use it on the record. [17] Jones called in Heatwave's keyboardist Rod Temperton to write three songs. The intention was for Jackson and Jones to select one of his songs, but Jackson, liking them all, included all of them in the final cut. [17] Jackson stayed up all night to learn the lyrics to these songs instead of singing from a sheet. He finished the vocals to these three Temperton songs in two recording sessions. [17] Temperton took a different approach to his song writing after spending some time researching the background to Jackson's music style. Temperton mixed his traditional harmony segments with the idea of adding shorter note melodies to suit Jackson's aggressive style. [17] Jackson wrote "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" after humming a melody in his kitchen. [20] After listening to hundreds of songs, Jackson and Jones decided upon a batch to record. [20] In hindsight, Jones believed they took a lot of risks in the production of Off the Wall and the final choice of album tracks. [17] Attention was also paid to the album cover, which shows Jackson smiling, wearing a tuxedo and trademark socks. His manager stated, "The tuxedo was the overall plan for the Off the Wall project and package. The tuxedo was our idea, the socks were Michael'". [21]

Music and vocals

Music critics Stephen Thomas Erlewine and Stephen Holden of AllMusic observed that Off the Wall was crafted from funk, disco-pop, soul, soft rock, and pop ballads. [22] [23] Prominent examples include the ballad "She's Out of My Life", the funk tune "Workin' Day and Night", and the disco song "Get on the Floor". [23] "I Can't Help It" is a jazz piece. [21] In Quincy Jones' autobiography, he compares Jackson to other jazz singers noting that Jackson "has some of the same qualities as the great jazz singers I'd worked with: Ella, Sinatra, Sassy, Aretha, Ray Charles, Dinah. Each of them had that purity, that strong signature sound and that open wound that pushed them to greatness." "She's Out of My Life" is a melodic pop ballad. [20] The end of the former song showed an "emotional" Jackson crying as the track concluded. [21] Of the song, rhythm and blues writer Nelson George proclaimed, "[It] became a Jackson signature similar to the way "My Way" served Frank Sinatra. The vulnerability, verging on fragility that would become embedded in Michael's persona found, perhaps, its richest expression in this wistful ballad". [8] "Rock with You" is a romantic, mid-tempo song. [20] The album's songs have a tempo ranging from 66 beats per minute on "She's Out of My Life", to 128 on "Workin' Day and Night". [24]

With the arrival of Off the Wall in the late 1970s, Jackson's abilities as a vocalist were well regarded; AllMusic writer Stephen Thomas Erlewine described him as a "blindingly gifted vocalist". [23] At the time, Rolling Stone compared his vocals to the "breathless, dreamy stutter" of Stevie Wonder. Their analysis was also that "Jackson's feathery-timbered tenor is extraordinary beautiful. It slides smoothly into a startling falsetto that's used very daringly". [25] Writer, journalist and biographer J. Randy Taraborrelli expressed the opinion that Jackson sings with "sexy falsetto" vocals in "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough". [20]

Release

Off the Wall peaked at #3 on the Billboard 200 and was an enormous commercial success. [1] Taraborrelli stated, "Fans and industry peers alike were left with their mouths agape when Off the Wall was issued to the public. Fans proclaimed that they hadn't heard him sing with such joy and abandon since the early Jackson 5 days". [21] On July 28, 1979 Off the Wall's first single, "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough", was released. It peaked atop the Billboard Hot 100 and reached number three in the UK. [26] [27] On November 3, 1979 the second single from the album, "Rock with You" was released, again it peaked atop the Billboard Hot 100. [2]

In February the album's title track was released as a single, and went to number 10 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart and became a top 10 hit in four countries. [28] "She's Out of My Life" was released after that, also reaching number 10 on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in June. [29] Thus Off the Wall became the first album by a solo artist to generate four US top 10 hits. [26] Today, Off the Wall is certified 8× Multi-Platinum in the US for shipments of eight million units and sold over 20 million copies worldwide. [30] [31] [32] The album's success led to the start of a nine-year partnership between Jackson and Jones; their next collaboration would be Thriller , which is the world's best selling album of all time. [33]

Reception

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [23]
Blender Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [34]
Christgau's Record Guide A [35]
Encyclopedia of Popular Music Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [36]
Entertainment Weekly A− [37]
Pitchfork 10/10 [38]
Q Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [39]
Rolling Stone Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [40]
The Rolling Stone Album Guide Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [41]
Sounds Star full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svgStar full.svg [42]

Off the Wall was hailed as a major breakthrough for Jackson, while receiving critical recognition, along with praises, from major music publications. In a 1979 review of the album, Rolling Stone magazine contributor Stephen Holden praised Jackson's maturity and transition from his early Motown material, while calling the album a "slick, sophisticated R&B-pop showcase with a definite disco slant". Holden went on to compare Jackson to Stevie Wonder, another Motown performer who began recording at a young age and gained critical acclaim for his transition. [22]

In The Village Voice , Robert Christgau hailed Off the Wall as "the dance groove of the year" and said Jackson's vocal stylings were a reminder that he had grown up. [43] In a review for Melody Maker Phil McNeill expressed the opinion that in Off the Wall Jackson sounded comfortable, confident and in control. He believed "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" had a "classy" introduction and that it was the best song on the album. He also praised "Rock with You", describing it as "masterful". The reviewer concurred with a colleague that Jackson was "probably the best singer in the world right now in terms of style and technique". [44] Giving the album a favorable review in Smash Hits , David Hepworth said that Jackson "sings like an angel". [45] Sounds shared the same point of view, qualifying Jackson's voice as "astoninshingly agile". [42]

In 1980, Jackson won three awards at the American Music Awards for his solo efforts: Favorite Soul/R&B Album, Favorite Male Soul/R&B Artist and Favorite Soul/R&B Single. That year, he also won Billboard Music Awards for Top Black Artist and Top Black Album and the Grammy Award for Best Male R&B Vocal Performance. Despite its commercial success, Jackson felt Off the Wall should have made a much bigger impact, and was determined to exceed expectations with his next release. In particular, Jackson was disappointed that he had only won a single Grammy Award at the 1980 Grammy Awards, the Grammy Award for Best Male R&B Vocal Performance. Jackson stated that "It was totally unfair that it didn't get Record of the Year and it can never happen again".

Legacy

...the album that established him as an artist of astonishing talent and a bright star in his own right. This was a visionary album, a record that found a way to break disco wide open into a new world where the beat was undeniable.

Stephen Thomas Erlewine, AllMusic

On October 16, 2001, a special edition reissue of Off the Wall was released by Sony Records. [23] It was re-released again on February 26, 2016. The material found strong praise from critics more than 20 years after the original release. AllMusic gave the record a five star review, praising the record's disco-tinged funk and mainstream pop blend, along with Jackson's songwriting and Jones' crafty production. [23] The publication believed, "[Off the Wall] is an enormously fresh record, one that remains vibrant and giddily exciting years after its release". [23]

In recent years Blender gave the record a full five star review stating that it was, "A blockbuster party LP that looked beyond funk to the future of dance music, and beyond soul ballads to the future of heart-tuggers—in fact, beyond R&B to color-blind pop. Hence, the forgivable Wings cover". [34]

In 2003, the album was ranked number 68 on Rolling Stone magazine's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. [46] The National Association of Recording Merchandisers listed it at number 80 of the Definitive 200 Albums of All Time. [47] In 2004, Nelson George wrote of Jackson and his music, "the argument for his greatness in the recording studio begins with his arrangements of "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough". The layers of percussion and the stacks of backing vocals, both artfully choreographed to create drama and ecstasy on the dance floor, still rock parties in the 21st century". [8] In 2008, Off the Wall was inducted into the Grammy Hall of Fame.

On January 7, 2016, Sony Music and The Estate of Michael Jackson announced that Off the Wall would be reissued and packaged with a new documentary directed by Spike Lee entitled Michael Jackson's Journey from Motown to Off the Wall . The reissue and documentary were both released on February 26, 2016. [48] Recent reviews by AllMusic and Blender have continued to praise Off the Wall for its appeal in the 21st century.

In August 2018, on the occasion of what would have been Jackson's 60th birthday, Entertainment Weekly reevaluated the album, giving it a score of A−, saying that the album was Jackson's first musical statement as an adult, that it was "a featherweight rapture of disco-flecked R&B" containing dance-floor favorites and some lesser songs. [49]

YearNominee / workAwardResult
Grammy Awards
1980 "Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" Best Disco Recording Nominated [50]
"Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" Best R&B Vocal Performance, Male Won [50]
YearNominee / workAwardResult
Grammy Hall of Fame
2008 Off the WallAlbumInducted [51]

Track listing

No.TitleWriter(s)Producer(s)Length
1."Don't Stop 'Til You Get Enough" (recorded December 1978 – June 1979) Michael Jackson
6:02
2."Rock with You" (recorded December 1978 – June 1979) Rod Temperton Jones3:38
3."Working Day and Night" (recorded December 1978 – April 1979)Jackson
  • Jones
  • Jackson (co.)
5:10
4."Get on the Floor" (recorded April – June 1979)
  • Jones
  • Jackson (co.)
4:42
5."Off the Wall" (recorded December 1978 – April 1979)TempertonJones4:11
6."Girlfriend" (recorded June 1979) Paul McCartney Jones3:08
7."She's Out of My Life" (recorded December 1978 – June 1979) Tom Bahler Jones3:41
8."I Can't Help It" (recorded June 1979)Jones4:28
9."It's the Falling in Love" (recorded December 1978)Jones3:52
10."Burn This Disco Out" (recorded June 1979)TempertonJones3:39

Notes

Personnel

Personnel as listed in the album's liner notes. [52]

Certifications

RegionCertification Certified units/Sales
Australia (ARIA) [53] 5× Platinum350,000^
Austria (IFPI Austria) [54] Platinum50,000*
Canada (Music Canada) [55] 3× Platinum300,000 [56]
Europe (IFPI) [57] 4× Platinum4,000,000*
France (SNEP) [58] Platinum300,000*
Germany (BVMI) [59] Platinum500,000^
Hong Kong (IFPI Hong Kong) [60] Gold15,000*
Italy (FIMI) [61] 7× Platinum350,000*
Japan (RIAJ) [62] 2× Platinum500,000 [63]
Netherlands (NVPI) [64] Platinum100,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ) [65] 6× Platinum90,000^
Switzerland (IFPI Switzerland) [66] Platinum50,000^
United Kingdom (BPI) [67] 6× Platinum1,971,000 [68]
United States (RIAA) [69] 8× Platinum8,000,000^
Summaries
World20,000,000 [30]

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone


Year-end charts

Billboard 200 Albums (1980)Position
Billboard 200 Albums [70]

3

See also

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Rodney Lynn Temperton was an English songwriter, record producer, and musician. He initially made his mark as the keyboardist and main songwriter for the 1970s R&B, funk, and disco band Heatwave, whose hit songs included "Boogie Nights" and "Always and Forever".

<i>Back on the Block</i> 1989 studio album by Quincy Jones

Back on the Block is a 1989 studio album produced by Quincy Jones. The album features legendary musicians and singers from across three generations, including Ella Fitzgerald, Miles Davis, Joe Zawinul, Ice-T, Big Daddy Kane, Sarah Vaughan, Dizzy Gillespie, George Benson, Luther Vandross, Dionne Warwick, Barry White, Chaka Khan, Take 6, Bobby McFerrin, Al Jarreau, Al B. Sure!, James Ingram, El DeBarge, Ray Charles and a 12-year old Tevin Campbell.

<i>Donna Summer</i> (album) 1982 studio album by Donna Summer

Donna Summer is the self-titled tenth studio album by American singer-songwriter Donna Summer, released on July 19, 1982. It featured the Top 10, Grammy-nominated "Love Is in Control " single.

<i>Bodies and Souls</i> 1983 studio album by The Manhattan Transfer

Bodies and Souls was released in September 1983 by The Manhattan Transfer on the Atlantic Records label.

<i>The Dude</i> (Quincy Jones album) 1981 studio album by Quincy Jones

The Dude is a 1981 studio album released and recorded by Quincy Jones. The album produced three U.S. Top 40 hits and features the debut of vocalist James Ingram on the singles "Just Once" and "One Hundred Ways," which reached No. 17 and 14, respectively, on the Billboard Hot 100. The Dude also contains "Razzamatazz," which reached No. 11 on the UK Singles Chart, one of Jones's few hits in that country. Belgian harmonica player and puccaloist Toots Thielemans appears on the instrumental track "Velas," later sampled by Jodeci on their 1996 single "Get On Up", as well as by producers Shut Up and Dance for the track "Waking Up," which appeared on Nicolette's first album, Now Is Early.

<i>Give Me the Night</i> (album) 1980 studio album by George Benson

Give Me The Night is a 1980 album recorded and released by American jazz guitarist and singer George Benson.

<i>Dangerous</i> (Michael Jackson album) 1991 studio album by Michael Jackson

Dangerous is the eighth studio album by American singer Michael Jackson. It was released by Epic Records on November 26, 1991. The album was co-produced by Jackson, Bill Bottrell, Teddy Riley, and Bruce Swedien. Dangerous was Jackson's first album since Forever, Michael (1975) not produced by longtime collaborator Quincy Jones. The album incorporates R&B, pop and rock, plus a newer genre, new jack swing; Riley, credited as the creator of new jack swing, was involved to present Jackson to a younger urban audience. Jackson wrote or co-wrote twelve of the album's fourteen songs, whose themes include racism, poverty, romance, self-improvement, and the welfare of children and the world.

<i>E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial</i> (album) Soundtrack album by John Williams / Michael Jackson

E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial is an audiobook and soundtrack album for the 1982 blockbuster film of the same name directed by Steven Spielberg. Composed by John Williams, the album was narrated by American recording artist Michael Jackson, produced by composer Quincy Jones and distributed by MCA Records. The production of the audiobook had John Williams and Michael Jackson working with Rod Temperton, Freddy DeMann, and Bruce Swedien.

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Bibliography