Lauryn Hill

Last updated

Lauryn Hill
Lauryn Hill Kongsberg Jazzfestival 2019 (221423).jpg
Hill performing in 2019
Background information
Birth nameLauryn Noelle Hill
Also known as
  • Ms. Lauryn Hill
  • L. Boogie
Born (1975-05-26) May 26, 1975 (age 46)
Newark, New Jersey, U.S.
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • rapper
  • record producer
  • actress
Instruments
Years active1988–present
Labels
Associated acts
Partner(s) Rohan Marley (1996–2009)
Children6; including Selah Marley
Website lauryn-hill.com

Lauryn Noelle Hill (born May 26, 1975) is an American singer, songwriter, rapper, record producer and actress. She is often regarded as one of the greatest rappers of all time, [2] as well as being one of the most influential singers of her generation. Hill is credited for breaking barriers for female rappers, popularizing melodic rapping and for bringing hip hop and neo soul to popular music. She is known for being a member of Fugees and her solo album The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill , which became one of the best-selling albums of all-time. Hill has won many awards, including eight Grammy Awards, the most for a female rapper.

Contents

Raised mostly in South Orange, New Jersey, Hill began singing with her music-oriented family during her childhood. She appeared in the 1993 film Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit alongside Whoopi Goldberg. In high school, Hill was approached by Pras Michel for a band he started, which his cousin Wyclef Jean soon joined. They renamed themselves the Fugees and released the albums Blunted on Reality (1994) and the Grammy Award-winning The Score (1996), which sold seven million copies in the U.S. Hill rose to prominence for her African-American and Caribbean music influences on her rapping and singing as well as her performance on the Fugees version of "Killing Me Softly". She began to focus on solo projects, writing and producing "A Rose Is Still a Rose" by Aretha Franklin, then featuring on the Grammy Award-nominated songs "If I Ruled the World (Imagine That)" by Nas and Guantanamera by Wyclef Jean. Her tumultuous romantic relationship with Jean led to the split of the band in 1997, after which she began work on her solo album.

The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill (1998) remains Hill's sole solo studio album. It received widespread critical acclaim for showcasing a representation of life and relationships and locating a contemporary voice within the neo soul genre. The album debuted at number one on the U.S. Billboard 200 and has sold approximately ten million copies there, being certified Diamond by the Recording Industry Association of America. This included the singles "Doo Wop (That Thing)", "Ex-Factor", and "Everything Is Everything". At the 41st Grammy Awards, the record earned her five awards, including Album of the Year and Best New Artist. During this time, she won several other awards and became a common sight on the cover of magazines. [3]

Soon afterward, Hill dropped out of the public eye, dissatisfied with the music industry and suffering from the pressures of fame. Her last full-length recording, the new-material live album MTV Unplugged No. 2.0 (2002), sold approximately one million copies in the U.S. and sharply divided critics upon its release, but has received retrospective praise. Hill's subsequent activity, which includes the release of a few songs and occasional festival appearances, has been sporadic. Hill has six children, five of them with Rohan Marley. In 2012, she pleaded guilty to tax evasion and served a three-month prison sentence the following year.

Early life

Lauryn Noelle Hill was born on May 26, 1975 [4] in Newark, New Jersey. [5] Her mother, Valerie Hill, was an English teacher and her father, Mal Hill, a computer and management consultant. She has one older brother named Malaney who was born in 1972. [6] [7] [8] Her Baptist [9] family moved to New York for a short period before settling in South Orange, New Jersey. [5]

Hill has said of her musically oriented family: "there were so many records, so much music constantly being played. My mother played the piano, my father sang, and we were always surrounded by music." [5] Her father sang in local nightclubs and at weddings. [10] [11] While growing up, Hill frequently listened to Curtis Mayfield, Stevie Wonder, Aretha Franklin, and Gladys Knight; [12] years later she recalled playing Marvin Gaye's What's Going On repeatedly until she fell asleep to it. [5]

In middle school, Lauryn Hill performed "The Star-Spangled Banner" before a basketball game. Due to its popularity, subsequent games featured a recording of her rendition. [6] In 1988, Hill appeared as an Amateur Night contestant on It's Showtime at the Apollo . She sang her version of the Smokey Robinson track "Who's Lovin' You", garnering an initially harsh reaction from the crowd. She persevered through the performance. [13]

Hill attended Columbia High School, where she was a member of the track team, cheerleading squad [6] [7] and was a classmate of actor Zach Braff. [14] She also took violin lessons, went to dance class, and founded the school's gospel choir. [11] Academically, she took advanced placement classes [11] and received primarily 'A' grades. [7] School officials recognized her as a leader among the student body. [11] Later recalling her education, Hill commented, "I had a love for—I don't know if it was necessarily for academics, more than it just was for achieving, period. If it was academics, if it was sports, if it was music, if it was dance, whatever it was, I was always driven to do a lot in whatever field or whatever area I was focusing on at the moment." [5]

Career

1991–1993: Career beginnings

While a freshman in high school, [8] through mutual friends, Prakazrel "Pras" Michel approached Hill about a music group he was creating. [12] [15] Hill and Pras began under the name Translator Crew. They came up with this name because they wanted to rhyme in different languages. [12] Another female vocalist was soon replaced by Michel's cousin, multi-instrumentalist Wyclef Jean. [12] The group began performing in local showcases and high school talent shows. [8] Hill was initially only a singer, but then learned to rap too; instead of modeling herself on female rappers like Salt-N-Pepa and MC Lyte, she preferred male rappers like Ice Cube and developed her flow from listening to them. [10] Hill later said, "I remember doing my homework in the bathroom stalls of hip-hop clubs." [16]

While growing up, Hill took acting lessons in Manhattan. [11] She began her acting career in 1991 appearing with Jean in Club XII, MC Lyte's Off-Broadway hip-hop rendering of Shakespeare's Twelfth Night . [8] While the play was not a success, an agent noticed her. Later that year, Hill began appearing on the soap opera As the World Turns in a recurring role as troubled teenager Kira Johnson. [6] [16] [17] She subsequently co-starred alongside Whoopi Goldberg in the 1993 release Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit , playing Rita Louise Watson, an inner-city Catholic school teenager with a surly, rebellious attitude. [6] [8] In it, she performed the songs "His Eye Is on the Sparrow" (a duet with Tanya Blount) and "Joyful, Joyful". [18] Director Bill Duke credited Hill with improvising a rap in a scene: "None of that was scripted. That was all Lauryn. She was amazing." [6] Critic Roger Ebert called her "the girl with the big joyful voice", although he thought her talent was wasted, [19] while Rolling Stone said she "performed marvelously against type ... in the otherwise perfunctory [film]." [8] Hill also appeared in Steven Soderbergh's 1993 motion picture King of the Hill , in a minor but pivotal role as a 1930s gum-popping elevator operator. Soderbergh biographer Jason Wood described her as supplying one of the warmest scenes in the film. [20] Hill graduated from Columbia High School in 1993.

1994–1996: The Fugees

Blunted on reality and The Score

Pras, Hill and Jean renamed their group the Fugees, a derivative of the word "refugee", which was a derogatory term for Haitian Americans. [8] Hill began a romantic relationship with Jean. [15] The Fugees, who signed a contract with Columbia/Ruffhouse Records in 1993, [16] became known for their genre blending, particularly of reggae, rock and soul, [12] which was first experimented on their debut album, Blunted on Reality , released in 1994. It reached number 62 on the Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums chart [21] but overall sold poorly [6] [16] and was met by poor critical reviews due to their management's insistence they adopt gangsta rap attitudes. [8] Although the album made little impact, Hill's rapping on "Some Seek Stardom" was seen as a highlight. [22] Within the group, she was frequently referred to by the nickname "L. Boogie". [23] Hill's image and artistry, as well as her full, rich, raspy alto voice, placed her at the forefront of the band, with some fans urging her to begin a solo career. [8] [22]

The Fugees' second album, The Score (1996), peaked at number one on the U.S. Billboard 200 [24] and stayed in the top ten of that chart for over half a year. [8] It sold about seven million copies in the United States [25] and more than 22 million copies worldwide. [26] In the 1996 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll, The Score came second in the list of best albums and three of its tracks placed within the top twenty best singles. [27] It won the Grammy Award for Best Rap Album, [28] and was later included on Rolling Stone 's list of the 500 greatest albums of all time. [29] The Score garnered praise for being a strong alternative to the gangsta idiom, and Hill stated, "We're trying to do something positive with the music because it seems like only the negative is rising to the top these days. It only takes a drop of purity to clean a cesspool." [10]

Singles from The Score included "Fu-Gee-La" and "Ready or Not", which highlighted Hill's singing and rapping abilities, [30] and the Bob Marley cover "No Woman, No Cry". Her rendition of "Killing Me Softly" became the group's breakout hit. [31] Buttressed by what Rolling Stone publications later called Hill's "evocative" vocal line [12] and her "amazing pipes", [29] the track became pervasive on pop, R&B, hip hop, and adult contemporary radio formats. [12] It won the Grammy Award for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals. [28] [32] On the album, Hill combined African-American music and Caribbean music influences with socially conscious lyrics. [30] Newsweek mentioned Hill's "irresistibly cute looks" and proclaimed her "the most powerful new voice in rap". [10]

Disbandment and motherhood

At 21 years old, the now-famous Hill was still living at home with her parents. [8] She had been enrolled at Columbia University during this period, and considered majoring in history as she became a sophomore, [8] [10] but left after about a year of total studies once sales of The Score went into the millions. [6] In 1996, Hill responded to a false rumor on The Howard Stern Show that she had made a racist comment on MTV, saying "How can I possibly be a racist? My music is universal. And I believe in God. If I believe in God, then I have to love all of God's creations. There can be no segregation." [16] [33]

In 1996, Hill founded the Refugee Project, a non-profit outreach organization that sought to transform the attitudes and behavior of at-risk urban youth. [34] Part of this was Camp Hill, which offered stays in the Catskill Mountains for such youngsters; another was production of an annual Halloween haunted house in East Orange. [34] Hill also raised money for Haitian refugees, supported clean water well-building projects in Kenya and Uganda, and staged a rap concert in Harlem to promote voter registration. A 1997 benefit event for the Refugee Project introduced a Board of Trustees for the organization that included Sean Combs, Mariah Carey, Busta Rhymes, Spike Lee, and others as members. [35]

In 1997, the Fugees split to work on solo projects, [36] which Jean later blamed on his tumultuous relationship with Hill and the fact he married his wife Claudinette while still involved with Hill. [36] [37] Meanwhile, in the summer of 1996 Hill had met Rohan Marley, a son of Bob Marley and a former University of Miami football player. [13] Hill subsequently began a relationship with him, while still also involved with Jean. [13] Hill became pregnant in late 1996, and on August 3, 1997, Marley and Hill's first child, Zion David, was born. [9] The couple lived in Hill's childhood house in South Orange after she bought her parents a new house down the street. [16]

Hill had a cameo appearance in the 1997 film Hav Plenty . In 1998, Hill took up another small, but important role in the film Restaurant ; [38] Entertainment Weekly praised her portrayal of the protagonist's pregnant former girlfriend as bringing vigor to the film. [39]

1997–1999: The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill

Hill recorded her solo record The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill from late 1997 through June 1998 at Tuff Gong Studios in Jamaica. [4] [33] The title was inspired by the book The Mis-Education of the Negro (1933) by Carter G. Woodson and The Education of Sonny Carson , a film and autobiographical novel. [40] The album featured contributions from D'Angelo, Carlos Santana, Mary J. Blige and the then-unknown John Legend. [41] Wyclef Jean initially did not support Hill recording a solo album, but eventually offered his production help; Hill turned him down. [13] Several songs on the album concerned her frustration with the Fugees; "I Used to Love Him" dealt with the breakdown of the relationship between Hill and Wyclef Jean. [40] Other songs such as "To Zion" spoke about her decision to have her first baby, even though many at the time encouraged her to have an abortion so to not interfere with her blossoming career. [16] [40] Indeed, Hill's pregnancy revived her from a period of writer's block. [33]

In terms of production, Hill collaborated with a group of musicians known as New Ark, consisting of Vada Nobles, Rasheem Pugh, Tejumold Newton, and Johari Newton. [40] Hill later said that she wanted to "write songs that lyrically move me and have the integrity of reggae and the knock of hip-hop and the instrumentation of classic soul" and that the production on the album was intended to make the music sound raw and not computer-aided. [40] Hill spoke of pressure from her label to emulate Prince, wherein all tracks would be credited as written and produced by the artist with little outside help. [40] She also wanted to be appreciated as an auteur as much as Jean had within the Fugees. [13] (She also saw a feminist cause: "But step out and try and control things and there are doubts. This is a very sexist industry. They'll never throw the 'genius' title to a sister." [30] ) While recording the album, when Hill was asked about providing contracts or documentation to the musicians, she replied, "We all love each other. This ain't about documents. This is blessed." [13]

Released on August 25, 1998, the album received rave reviews from contemporary music critics, [42] and was the most acclaimed album of 1998. [43] Critics lauded the album's blending of the R&B, doo-wop, pop, hip-hop, and reggae genres [16] and its honest representation of a woman's life and relationships. [43] David Browne, writing in Entertainment Weekly , called it "an album of often-astonishing power, strength, and feeling", and praised Hill for "easily flowing from singing to rapping, evoking the past while forging a future of her own". [44] Robert Christgau quipped, "PC record of the year—songs soft, singing ordinary, rapping skilled, rhymes up and down, skits de trop, production subtle and terrific". [45] In 2017 NPR rated the album as the 2nd best album of all time created by a woman. [46]

It sold over 423,000 copies in its first week (boosted by advance radio play of two non-label-sanctioned singles, "Lost Ones" and "Can't Take My Eyes Off You") [47] and topped the Billboard 200 for four weeks and the Billboard R&B Albums chart for six weeks. It went on to sell about 10 million copies in the United States, [25] [48] and 20 million copies worldwide. [49] During 1998 and 1999, Hill earned $25 million from record sales and touring. [13] Hill, along with Blige, Missy Elliott, Meshell Ndegeocello, Erykah Badu, and others, found a voice with the neo soul genre. [50]

The first single released from the album was "Doo Wop (That Thing)", which debuted at number one on the Billboard Hot 100 chart. [51] It exemplified Hill's appeal, combining feelings of self-empowerment with self-defense. [50] Other charted singles from the album were "Ex-Factor", which has been sampled by Drake and Cardi B, [52] "Everything Is Everything" and "To Zion". [51] In the 1998 Pazz & Jop Critics Poll, Miseducation came second in the list of best albums and "Doo Wop (That Thing)" second in best singles. [53]

In November 1998, Marley and Hill's second child, Selah Louise, was born. [7] Of being a young mother of two, Hill said, "It's not an easy situation at all. You have to really pray and be honest with yourself." [16]

In the run-up to the 1999 Grammy Awards, Hill became the first woman to be nominated in ten categories in a single year. In addition to Miseducation works, the nominations included her rendition of "Can't Take My Eyes Off You" for the 1997 film Conspiracy Theory , which had appeared on Billboard charts, [54] and Hill's writing and producing of "A Rose Is Still a Rose", which became a late-in-career hit for Aretha Franklin. [55] She appeared on several magazine covers, including Time , Esquire , Rolling Stone , Teen People , and The New York Times Fashion Magazine . [30] During the ceremony, Hill broke another record by becoming the first woman to win five times in one night, [30] taking home the awards for Album of the Year, Best R&B Album, Best R&B Song, Best Female R&B Vocal Performance, and Best New Artist. [56] During an acceptance speech, she said, "This is crazy. This is hip-hop!" [30] Hill had brought forth a new, mainstream acceptance of the genre. [11] [30]

In February 1999, Hill received four awards at the 30th Annual NAACP Image Awards. [57] In May 1999, she became the youngest woman ever named to Ebony magazine's 100+ Most Influential Black Americans list; [58] in November of that year, the same publication named her as one of "10 For Tomorrow" in the "Ebony 2000: Special Millennium Issue". [59] In May 1999, she made People magazine's 50 Most Beautiful People list. [7] The publication, which has called her "model-gorgeous", [23] praised the 5-foot-4-inch (1.63 m) Hill for her idiosyncratic sense of personal style. [7] In June 1999, she received an Essence Award, but her acceptance speech, where she said there was no contradiction in religious love and servitude and "[being] who you are, as fly and as hot and as whatever", [60] drew reaction from those in the public who thought she was not a good role model as a young, unwed mother of two. [61] This was a repetition of criticism she had received after the birth of her first child, and she had said that she and Marley would soon be married. [16] In early 2000, Hill was one of many artists and producers to share the Grammy Award for Album of the Year for Santana's 1999 multi-million-selling Supernatural , for which she had written, produced, and rapped on the track "Do You Like the Way" (a rumination on the direction the world was headed, it also featured the singing of CeeLo Green and the signature guitar runs of Carlos Santana). She was also nominated for Best R&B Song for "All That I Can Say", which she had written and produced for Mary J. Blige. Also, her concocted duet with Bob Marley on "Turn Your Lights Down Low" for the 1999 remix tribute album Chant Down Babylon additionally appeared in the 1999 film The Best Man and later received a Grammy nomination for Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals.

In November 1998, New Ark filed a fifty-page lawsuit against Hill, her management, and record label, claiming that Hill "used their songs and production skills, but failed to properly credit them for the work" on Miseducation. [62] The musicians claimed to be the primary songwriters on two tracks, and major contributors on several others, though Gordon Williams, a prominent recorder, engineer, and mixer on Miseducation, described the album as a "powerfully personal effort by Hill" and said, "It was definitely her vision." [43] Hill responded that New Ark had been appropriately credited and now were seeking to take advantage of her success. [62] New Ark requested partial writing credits on most of the tracks on the album as well as monetary reimbursement. [63] After many delays, depositions took place during the latter part of 2000. [62] [63] In part, the case illustrated the difficult boundaries between songwriting and all other aspects that went into contemporary arranging, sampling, and recording. [62] The suit would eventually be settled out of court in February 2001, with Hill paying New Ark a reported $5 million. [40] A friend of Hill's later said of the suit, "That was the beginning of a chain effect that would turn everything a little crazy." [13]

2000–2003: Self-imposed exile and MTV Unplugged No. 2.0

Hill began writing a screenplay about the life of Bob Marley, in which she planned to act as his wife Rita. [13] She also began producing a romantic comedy about soul food with a working title of Sauce, and accepted a starring role in the film adaptation of Toni Morrison's novel Beloved ; [13] she later dropped out of both projects due to pregnancy. [13] She also reportedly turned down roles in Charlie's Angels (the part that went to Lucy Liu), The Bourne Identity , The Mexican , The Matrix Reloaded , and The Matrix Revolutions . [13]

During 2000, Hill dropped out of the public eye. The pressures of fame began to overwhelm her. [13] [23] She disliked not being able to go out of her house to do simple errands without having to worry about her physical appearance. [13] [40] She fired her management team and began attending Bible study classes five days a week; she also stopped doing interviews, watching television and listening to music. [40] She started associating with a "spiritual advisor" named Brother Anthony. [13] Some familiar with Hill believe Anthony more resembled a cult leader than a spiritual advisor, [13] [64] and thought his guidance probably inspired much of Hill's more controversial public behavior. [64]

She later described this period of her life to Essence saying "People need to understand that the Lauryn Hill they were exposed to in the beginning was all that was allowed in that arena at that time ... I had to step away when I realized that for the sake of the machine, I was being way too compromised. I felt uncomfortable about having to smile in someone's face when I really didn't like them or even know them well enough to like them." [65] She also spoke about her emotional crisis, saying, "For two or three years I was away from all social interaction. It was a very introspective time because I had to confront my fears and master every demonic thought about inferiority, about insecurity or the fear of being black, young and gifted in this western culture." [65] She went on to say that she had to fight to retain her identity, and was forced "to deal with folks who weren't happy about that." [65]

In July 2001, while pregnant with her third child, Hill unveiled her new material to a small crowd, for a taping of an MTV Unplugged special. [13] [66] An album of the concert, titled MTV Unplugged No. 2.0 , was released in May 2002 and featured only her singing and playing an acoustic guitar. [66] Unlike the near-unanimous praise of Miseducation, 2.0 sharply divided critics. AllMusic gave the album 4 out of 5 stars, saying that the recording "is the unfinished, unflinching presentation of ideas and of a person. It may not be a proper follow-up to her first album, but it is fascinating." [67] Rolling Stone called the album "a public breakdown" [13] and Robert Hilburn of the Los Angeles Times said the album's title opened Hill up for jokes that she had become unhinged. [68] NME wrote that "Unplugged 2.0 is a sparse and often gruelling listen, but there is enough genius shading these rough sketches to suggest that all might not yet be lost." With the mixed reviews and no significant radio airplay, 2.0 debuted at number three on the Billboard 200. [69] [68] The album has been certified Platinum in the US by the RIAA. [70]

Her song "Mystery of Iniquity" was nominated for a Grammy Award for Best Female Rap Solo Performance [71] and used as an interpolation by hip-hop producer/songwriter Kanye West for his single "All Falls Down", which was co-written with Lauryn Hill, [72] as sung by Syleena Johnson. [73]

Around 2001, Marley and Hill's third child, Joshua Omaru, was born; he was followed a year later by their fourth, John Nesta.[ citation needed ] While Hill sometimes had spoken of Marley as her husband, they never married, and along the way she was informed that Marley had been previously married at a young age. [13] Furthermore, according to a 2003 Rolling Stone report, he had never secured a divorce; [13] but Marley later disputed this and made public to a blog a 1996 divorce document from Haiti. [74] The two had been living in a high-end Miami hotel, but around 2003 she moved out into her own place in that city. [13] Hill later said that she and Marley "have had long periods of separation over the years". [75] Hill slowly worked on a new album and it was reported that by 2003, Columbia Records had spent more than $2.5 million funding it, including installing a recording studio in the singer's Miami apartment and flying different musicians around the country. [13]

By 2002, Hill had shut down her non-profit Refugee Project. [76] She said, "I had a nonprofit organization and I had to shut all that down. You know, smiling with big checks, obligatory things, not having things come from a place of passion. That's slavery. Everything we do should be a result of our gratitude for what God has done for us. It should be passionate." [76]

In December 2003, Hill, during a performance in Vatican City, spoke of the "corruption, exploitation, and abuses" in reference to the molestation of boys by Catholic priests in the United States and the cover-up of offenses by Catholic Church officials. [77] High-ranking church officials were in attendance, but Pope John Paul II was not present. [77] The Catholic League called Hill "pathologically miserable" and claimed her career was "in decline". [78] The following day, several reporters suggested that Hill's comments at the Vatican may have been influenced by her spiritual advisor, Brother Anthony. [64]

2004–2009: Sporadic touring and recording

Hill performing in 2005 LaurynHill.jpg
Hill performing in 2005

In 2004, Hill contributed a new song, "The Passion", to The Passion of the Christ: Songs . A remix version with John Legend of his "So High" ended up receiving a Grammy Award nomination for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocals. Around this time, Hill began selling a pay-per-view music video of the song "Social Drugs" through her website. [79] Those who purchase the $15 video would only be able to view it three times before it expired. In addition to the video, Hill began selling autographed posters and Polaroids through her website, with some items listed at upwards of $500. [79]

For the first time since 1997, the Fugees performed in September 2004 at Dave Chappelle's Block Party in the Bedford–Stuyvesant neighborhood of Brooklyn. The concert featured Hill's nearly a cappella rendition of "Killing Me Softly". The event was recorded by director Michel Gondry and was released on March 3, 2006, to universal acclaim. [80] The Fugees also appeared at BET Awards 2005 during June 2005, where they opened the show with a 12-minute set. One track, "Take It Easy", was leaked online and thereafter was released as an Internet single in late September. It peaked at number forty on the Billboard R&B Chart. [81] In 2005, she told USA Today , "If I make music now, it will only be to provide information to my own children. If other people benefit from it, then so be it." [82] When asked how she now felt about the songs on 2.0, she stated "a lot of the songs were transitional. The music was about how I was feeling at the time, even though I was documenting my distress as well as my bursts of joy." [82]

The Fugees embarked on a European tour in late 2005. [83] Old tensions between Hill and the other members of the group soon resurfaced, and the reunion ended before an album could be recorded; Jean and Michel both blamed Hill for the split. [23] Hill reportedly demanded to be addressed by everyone, including her bandmates, as "Ms. Hill"; she also considered changing her moniker to "Empress". [23] Hill's tardiness was also cited as a contributing factor. [23]

Lauryn Hill performing at the Kongsberg Jazzfestival 2019 Lauryn Hill Kongsberg Jazzfestival 2019 (221758).jpg
Lauryn Hill performing at the Kongsberg Jazzfestival 2019

Hill began touring on her own, although to mixed reviews; often arriving late to concerts (sometimes by over two hours), performing unpopular reconfigurations of her songs and sporting an exaggerated appearance. [23] [84] On some occasions, fans have booed her and left early. [85] In June 2007, Sony Records said Hill had been recording through the past decade, had accumulated considerable unreleased material and had re-entered the studio with the goal of making a new album. [86] Later that same year, an album titled Ms. Hill, which featured cuts from Miseducation, various soundtracks contributions and other "unreleased" songs, was released. It features guest appearances from D'Angelo, Rah Digga and John Forté. [87] Also in June 2007, Hill released a new song, "Lose Myself", on the soundtrack to the film Surf's Up . [88]

In early 2008, Marley and Hill's fifth child, Sarah, was born. [23] The couple were not living together, although Marley considered them "spiritually together" even while listing himself as single on social media. [23] Hill later said that she and Marley "have [had] a long and complex history about which many inaccuracies have been reported since the beginning" and that they both valued their privacy. [75] By August 2008, Hill was living with her mother and children in her hometown of South Orange, New Jersey. [23]

Reports in mid-2008 claimed that Columbia Records then believed Hill to be on hiatus. [23] Marley disputed these claims, telling an interviewer that Hill has enough material for several albums: "She writes music in the bathroom, on toilet paper, on the wall. She writes it in the mirror if the mirror smokes up. She writes constantly. This woman does not sleep". [85] One of the few public appearances Hill made in 2008 was at a Martha Stewart book-signing in New Jersey, perplexing some in the press. [89] In April 2009, it was reported that Hill would engage in a 10-day tour of European summer festivals during mid-July of that year. She performed two shows for the tour and passed out on stage during the start of her second performance and left the stage. She refused to give refunds to angry consumers for the show. [90] On June 10, Hill's management informed the promoters of the Stockholm Jazz Festival, which she was scheduled to headline, that she would not be performing due to unspecified "health reasons." [90] Shortly afterward, the rest of the tour was canceled as well. [90]

2010–present: Further activities and imprisonment

In January 2010, Hill returned to the live stage and performed in stops across New Zealand and Australia on the Raggamuffin Music Festival. [91] Many of the songs that Hill had performed and recorded over the past six years were included on an April 2010 unofficial compilation album titled Khulami Phase. [92] The album also features a range of other material found on the Ms. Hill compilation. [92] Hill appeared at the Harmony Festival in Santa Rosa, California, in June 2010, her first live American performance in several years. [93] An unreleased song called "Repercussions" was leaked via the Internet in late July 2010, debuting at number 94 on Billboard's Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs (and peaked at number 83 the following week), making it her first Billboard chart appearance as a lead artist since 1999. [94]

Hill and her backing musicians performing at 2011 Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival Lauryn Hill 2011.png
Hill and her backing musicians performing at 2011 Coachella Valley Music and Arts Festival

Hill joined the Rock the Bells hip-hop festival series in the U.S. during August 2010, and as part of that year's theme of rendering classic albums, she performed The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill in its entirety for the first time. [95] She increased the tempo and urgency from the original recording, but at times had difficulty in communicating with her band. [95] Hill continued touring, including a set at the 6th Annual Jazz in the Gardens, in Miami Gardens, Florida in December. [96] In Spring 2011, Hill performed at the Coachella Valley Music Festival, [97] New Orleans Jazz Fest, [98] and at the Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas. [99] In July 2011, Hill gave birth to her sixth child, Micah, her first not with Rohan Marley; the father remains publicly unknown. [75]

In February 2012, Hill performed a new song titled "Fearless Vampire Killer", during a sold-out performance at the Warner Theater in Washington, D.C. [100] In late 2012, Hill toured with rapper Nas; her portion of the tour, titled Black Rage, is named after her song, released October 30. [101] Hill has described the song as being "about the derivative effects of racial inequity and abuse" and "a juxtaposition to the statement 'life is good,' which she believes can only be so when these long standing issues are addressed and resolved." [102]

In June 2012, Hill was charged with three counts of tax fraud or failing to file taxes (Title 26 USC § 7202 Willful failure to collect or pay over tax) not tax evasion on $1.8 million of income earned between 2005 and 2007. [103] During this time she had toured as a musical artist, earned royalties from both her records and from films she had appeared in, and had owned and been in charge of multiple corporations. [104] In a long post to her Tumblr, Hill said that she had gone "underground" and had rejected pop culture's "climate of hostility, false entitlement, manipulation, racial prejudice, sexism, and ageism." She added, "When I was working consistently without being affected by the interferences mentioned above, I filed and paid my taxes. This only stopped when it was necessary to withdraw from society, in order to guarantee the safety and well-being of myself and my family." [105] [106] On June 29, 2012, Hill appeared in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey in Newark and pleaded guilty to the charges; her attorney said she would make restitution for the back taxes she owed. [103] By April 22, 2013, Hill had paid back only $50,000 of the $554,000 she owed immediately; U.S. Magistrate Judge Madeline Cox Arleo criticized Hill, saying "This is not someone who stands before the court penniless. This is a criminal matter. Actions speak louder than words, and there has been no effort here to pay these taxes." [106] Hill also faced possible eviction from her rented home in South Orange as well as a civil lawsuit from the town for running a business out of a home without a zoning permit. [107]

On May 4, 2013, Hill released her first official single in over a decade, "Neurotic Society (Compulsory Mix)". [108] She later published a message on her Tumblr describing how she was "required to release [it] immediately, by virtue of the impending legal deadline." [108] The release received some criticism for lyrics that appeared to tie societal decay to certain LGBT social movements. [109] Hill responded that the song was not targeted at any particular group but was instead focused on anyone hiding behind neurotic behavior. [110] Following a deal with Sony Music, which involves Hill creating a new record label within the company, Hill was said to be scheduled to release her first album in fifteen years during 2013. [108]

On May 6, 2013, Hill was sentenced by Judge Arleo to serve three months in prison for failing to file taxes/tax fraud and three months' house arrest afterwards as part of a year of supervised probation. [111] [112] She had faced a possible sentence of as long as 36 months, [106] and the sentence given took into account her lack of a prior criminal record and her six minor-aged children. [112] [113] By this point Hill had fully paid back $970,000 in back taxes and penalties she owed, which also took into account an additional $500,000 that Hill had in unreported income for 2008 and 2009. [113] In the courtroom, Hill said that she had lived "very modestly" considering how much money she had made for others, [112] and that "I am a child of former slaves who had a system imposed on them. I had an economic system imposed on me." [111] Hill reported to the minimum-security Federal Correctional Institution, Danbury on July 8, 2013, to begin serving her sentence. [114]

Hill was released from prison on October 4, 2013, a few days early for good behavior, and began her home confinement and probationary periods. [115] She put out a single called "Consumerism" that she had finished, via verbal and e-mailed instructions, while incarcerated. [116] Judge Arleo allowed her to postpone part of her confinement in order to tour in late 2013 under strict conditions. [117]

During 2014, Hill was heard as the narrator of Concerning Violence , an award-winning Swedish documentary on the African liberation struggles of the 1960s and 1970s. [118] She also continued to draw media attention for her erratic behavior, appearing late twice in the same day for sets at Voodoo Fest in November 2014. [119]

In May 2015, Hill canceled her scheduled concert outside Tel Aviv in Israel following a social media campaign from activists promoting the Boycott, Divestment and Sanctions campaign. She said she had wanted to also perform a show in Ramallah in the West Bank but logistical problems had proved too great. Hill stated: "It is very important to me that my presence or message not be misconstrued, or a source of alienation to either my Israeli or my Palestinian fans." [120]

Hill contributed her voice to the soundtrack for What Happened, Miss Simone? , a 2015 documentary about the life of Nina Simone, an American singer, pianist, and civil rights activist. Hill was originally supposed to record only two songs for the record, but ended up recording six. She also served as a producer on the compilation alongside Robert Glasper. Hill said of her connection to Simone: "Because I fed on this music ... I believed I always had a right to have a voice. Her example is clearly a form of sustenance to a generation needing to find theirs. What a gift." [121] NPR critically praised Hill's performance on the soundtrack, stating: "This album mainly showcases Lauryn Hill's breadth and dexterity. Not formally marketed as Hill's comeback album, her six tracks here make this her most comprehensive set of studio recordings since The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill in 1998." [122]

In April 2016, Hill hosted and headlined what was billed as the inaugural Diaspora Calling! festival at the Kings Theatre in Brooklyn. [123] The festival's purpose was to showcase the efforts of musicians and artists from around the African diaspora like Brooklyn Haitian Rara band Brother High Full tempo. [124] The following month, Hill was approximately 2 hours and 20 minutes late for her show at the Chastain Park Amphitheatre in Atlanta, [125] [126] though members of Hill's team claimed it was only an hour after their scheduled start time. [127] Moments after the less-than-40-minute show ended due to the venue's strict 11:00 p.m. closing time, Hill said her driver had gotten lost and she could not help that. [125] Less than 48 hours later, after a large backlash from her fans on Twitter, she took to her Facebook page and stated she was late for the concert because of certain needs, including her need to "align her energy with the time." [126]

Hill recorded a studio version of her song, "Guarding the Gates", for the movie Queen & Slim which was released on November 27, 2019. She had been singing this song during live performances for several years prior to the recording for the movie. This song appears on the album, Queen & Slim: The Soundtrack .

Legacy and impact

Hill performing in 2019 Ms. Lauryn Hill @ The Mayan 10 18 2019 (49311868692).jpg
Hill performing in 2019

Hill is widely considered [128] to be one of the greatest rappers of all time, [2] and has often been called the greatest female rapper. [129] The New York Times once referred to Hill as "the most popular woman in hip-hop". [130] In the book, Ego Trip's Book of Rap Lists, rapper Kool Moe Dee gave Hill the highest score of any rapper, on his rap 'Report Cards' list. [131] In 2012, VH1 ranked Hill as one of the Greatest Woman in Music. [132] Billboard ranked her as the seventh greatest rapper of all time. [133] Consequence of Sound named her one of the 100 Greatest Singers of All Time. [134] For TIME, music critic Brandon Tensley wrote, "few artists have marked culture as profoundly as Hill did with her solo debut". [135] In 2019, Hill ranked number-one on the Ranker poll of the greatest singer/rappers. [136] Beyoncé has referred to Hill as "one of the best hip-hop rappers ever". [137] Hill was included on the NPR list of the '50 Great Voices'. [138] In 2021, she was among the inaugural nominees for the Black Music & Entertainment Walk of Fame. [139]

Hill pioneered the technic of rapping and singing in her solo music and work with Fugees, which has since become popular with many modern artist like Beyoncé, Drake, Nicki Minaj and Kanye West emulating it. [140] Music journalist Danyel Smith credited Hill with reviving the hip hop genre, following the murders of The Notorious B.I.G. and Tupac Shakur. [141]

Hill has often been cited as one of the most influential entertainers of her generation. [142] Many artists have cited Lauryn Hill as an inspiration to them, including pop artist Adele, [143] Beyoncé, [144] Dua Lipa, [145] Christina Aguilera, [146] Britney Spears, [147] [148] Mumford & Sons, [149] SZA, [150] P!nk, [151] Kelly Clarkson; [152] rappers Kanye West, [153] Jay-Z, [154] Missy Elliott, [155] Nas, [156] Lil' Kim, [157] Foxy Brown, [158] Rapsody; [159] and K-pop artist Jennie of Blackpink, [160] CL of 2NE1, [161] and RM of BTS. [162]

Producer Savan Kotecha told Vulture that he and Ariana Grande were inspired by Lauryn Hill and The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill album during the recording of Grande's fourth studio album Sweetener . [163] Beyoncé was inspired by Hill during the making of her fourth album 4 . [164] Additional albums inspired by Hill include Daytona by Pusha T, [165] The College Dropout by Kanye West, [166] and Immunity by Clairo. [167] Multiple artist have titled projects after Hill's debut solo album including Freddie Gibbs (The Miseducation of Freddie Gibbs), [168] rappers Calboy & Lil Wayne ("Miseducation"), [169] and Lil' Kim ("Mis-education of Lil' Kim"). [170]

In an interview with the New York Post, singer Erykah Badu called Hill her hero. [171] Primarily a rapper, Lizzo incorporated singing into her debut record. She stated in an interview in 2018, "I was always afraid of being a singer, but then when I heard Lauryn Hill, I was like, maybe I can do both," further adding that her debut album was inspired by The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill, "rapping, singing, being political." [172] Nicki Minaj has made mention of Hill's influence on her on multiple occasions; Including on 2020 US number-one single "Say So Remix", [173] In which Minaj raps, "Spittin' like Weezy, Foxy, plus Lauryn". [174] Minaj has also referred to Hill as her idol and quoted her in her high school year book. [175] John Legend credits Hill for helping him launch a career into the music industry. [176] R&B singer Kehlani, has a tattoo of the singer on her arm. [177] Colbie Caillat launched a music career after hearing Hill's singing in Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit. Rapsody [178] and Bebe Rexha [179] have referred to Hill as their biggest musical inspiration. After performing with Hill, The Weeknd described the experience as the "Most important experience of my life". [180] During her 2018 Grammy award acceptance speech, Latin singer Rosalía thanked Hill for being an inspiration to her. [181] Ella Mai, [182] Rihanna, [183] Childish Gambino, [184] H.E.R., [185] Dan Smith of Bastille, [186] and Adele [187] have all called The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill their personal favorite album, while rappers J. Cole [188] and Kendrick Lamar [189] have listed it as their favorite album by a female artist.

Music sampling

Drake sampled "Doo Wop (That Thing)", on the song "Draft Day". [190] In 2018, Hill's single "Ex-Factor" was sampled on Cardi B's "Be Careful" and Drake's "Nice for What". [191] Rapper A Boogie Wit Da Hoodie also samples "Ex-Factor" in his song of the same name as well as in a remix of "Nice for What". Jay-Z samples Hill's vocals from the Fugees single Fu-Gee-La on the song "Moonlight", from his 4:44 album. [192] J. Cole samples Hill's "Nothing Even Matters" in his song "Cole Summer" and "To Zion" in "Can I Holla At Ya". [193] Meek Mill sampled Hill's vocal from the Fugees song "Ready or Not" in his song of the same name. [194] Kanye West's "All Falls Down" contains an interpolation of "Mystery of Iniquity" from her live album MTV Unplugged No. 2.0. [195] In 2018, A$AP Rocky and Frank Ocean released "Purity" which samples "I Gotta Find Peace of Mind". [196] Ocean also sampled Hill's "Just Like Water" on the Jazmine Sullivan-featured "Rushes", from his 2016 album Endless. [197] Method Man released "Say" as the lead single from his album 4:21... The Day After, which sampled the song "So Many Things to Say". [193] In 2020, Mariah Carey released the single "Save the Day", as the lead single from her compilation album The Rarities , featuring Hill's vocal sampled from the Fugees track "Killing me Softly". [198]

Fashion and endorsements

In 1999, Hill partnered with Levi Strauss & Co. to create custom outfits for her Miseducation Tour. [199] The partnership ushered in a new generation of black musicians partnerships with major brands, with journalists Thembisa Mshaka of Okayplayer stating "When Levi Strauss put its name next to Lauryn Hill, a new course was charted. The Fortune 500 brand partnerships with Black musicians that are ubiquitous today were seeded by the success of Lauryn's solo debut". [200] A custom ensemble made for Hill by Levi's was put on display during the Levi Strauss: A History of American Style exhibit at the Contemporary Jewish Museum. [201]

John Galliano was inspired by Hill and used her as his muse for the 2000 Spring/Summer Dior collection, he designed; [202] [203] The Hill inspired collection also featured the Dior 'Saddle Bag', [204] [205] which was made famous by the character Carrie Bradshaw in the television series Sex and the City , and according to Who What Wear , it is one of the ten most popular designer handbags ever. [206] [207] Alexander Wang also was inspired by Hill for his 2017 hip hop inspired collection. [208] [209] The 2017 Tory Burch resort collection was inspired by Hill. [210] Virgil Abloh cited Hill as inspiration for the Men's Spring/Summer 2021 Louis Vuitton collection, and named her as a "forever muse" for him. [211] [212] R&B singer Solange named Hill among her style influences in an interview for Fashionista. [213]

Film and stage

The Broadway musical Hamilton, was heavily influenced by Hill, [214] with creator Lin-Manuel Miranda, referring to Hill as his favorite rapper, [215] and referencing Hill's single "Lost Ones" on the song "We Know", [216] and Hill's verse from the Fugees single "Ready or Not", on the song "Helpless" from the musical. [217] The Simpsons episode "The Miseducation of Lisa Simpson" was titled after Hill's debut solo album. [218] The BET network series Tales, episode "Ex-Factor", was inspired by Hill's single of the same name. [219]

Achievements

Hill has won numerous accolades throughout her career, including eight Grammy Awards, five MTV Video Music Awards, four NAACP Image Awards, including the President's Award, and has earned four Guinness World Records.

Hill won the Grammy Award for Best Rap Album as a member of The Fugees, for their album The Score, becoming the first female artist to win the award. [220] The Score peaked at number-one on the Billboard 200 chart, making Hill the first female rapper to earn a number-one album as a member of The Fugees; [221] her first solo studio album, The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill, also peaked at number-one, making Hill the first solo female hip hop act to reach number-one on that chart. [222] The album sold 400,000 plus copies in its first week, breaking the record for highest first-week sales by a female artist at the time. Both The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill and its lead single "Doo Wop(That Thing)" debuted at number-one in the US, making Hill the first act to have debuted at number-one on both the Billboard 200 and Hot 100 with their first entries on each chart. [223] The album was nominated for ten Grammy Awards and won five that night, Including Album of the Year, becoming the first hip hop album to win the award, while Hill broke the record at the time for most nominations and wins for a female artist in one night, and became the first female rapper to win the Best New Artist award. [224] [225]

In 1999, after the success of her first solo album, Hill landed on the cover of Time magazine and was the only black musician on the cover in the 1990s decade. [226] With The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill, she became a pioneer in the neo soul genre, when the album was one of the first in the genre to achieve mainstream success, [227] and became the best-selling neo soul album of all time. [228] NPR ranked it 2nd on its list of "The 150 Greatest Albums Made by Women". [229] Rolling Stone listed it as the 10th Greatest Album of All Time, on their 500 Greatest Albums of All Time list, in 2020. [230] In 2021, The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill was certified Diamond by the RIAA, making Hill the first female hip hop artist to achieve this. [231]

Along with having a successful music career as a member of The Fugees and as a solo artist, Hill also achieved success as a songwriter and producer for other artists. Hill has written songs for Aretha Franklin, Mary J. Blige, CeCe Winans and produced songs for Whitney Houston and Santana, [232] among others.

Discography

Filmography

YearFilmRole
1991 As the World Turns Kira Johnson (television, recurring)
1992 Here and Now Unnamed (television, single appearance)
1993 King of the Hill Elevator Operator
1993 Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit Rita Louise Watson
1996 ABC Afterschool Specials Malika (television, single appearance)
1997 Restaurant Leslie
1997 Hav Plenty Debra (cameo)
2014 Concerning Violence Narrator

Tours

See also

Related Research Articles

Fugees American hip hop group

Fugees was an American hip hop group formed in the early 1990s. Deriving their name from a shortening of the word "refugees". The group consisted of Wyclef Jean, Lauryn Hill, and Pras Michel. Jean and Michel are Haitian, while Hill is American. The group rose to fame with their second album, The Score, one of the best-selling albums of all time. They are often cited as being one of the most significant alternative hip hop groups of the 1990s.

<i>The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill</i> 1998 studio album by Lauryn Hill

The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill is the debut solo album by American singer and rapper Lauryn Hill. It was released on August 25, 1998, by Ruffhouse Records and Columbia Records. The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill is a neo soul and R&B album with some songs based in hip hop soul and reggae. Its lyrics touch upon Hill's pregnancy and the turmoil within her former group the Fugees, along with themes of love and God. The album's title was inspired by the film and autobiographical novel The Education of Sonny Carson, and Carter G. Woodson's The Mis-Education of the Negro.

Wyclef Jean Haitian rapper

Nel Ust Wyclef Jean is a Haitian rapper, musician and actor. At the age of nine, Jean immigrated to the United States with his family. He first achieved fame as a member of the New Jersey hip hop group the Fugees, alongside Lauryn Hill and Pras Michael. They released the albums Blunted on Reality (1994) and The Score (1996), the latter becoming one of the best-selling albums of all time. Jean would follow this with the release of his first solo studio album, Wyclef Jean Presents The Carnival (1997), which contains his top ten hit "Gone till November".

Foxy Brown (rapper) Trinidadian-American rapper, actress, and model from New York

Inga DeCarlo Fung Marchand, better known by her stage name Foxy Brown, is a Trinidadian-American rapper. After signing to Def Jam in 1996, she released her debut album, Ill Na Na, that same year on November 19, 1996. The album was certified platinum by the RIAA and has sold over 3 million copies worldwide. She was also part of the hip hop supergroup the Firm, along with Nas, AZ and Cormega. The Firm's sole album arrived in 1997 and was released by Dr. Dre's Aftermath Records. In 1999, her second album Chyna Doll, debuted at the top of the Billboard 200, making her the second female rapper to top the chart after Lauryn Hill in 1998.

Pras American rapper

Prakazrel Samuel Michel is a Haitian-American rapper, record producer, songwriter and actor. He is best known as a member of the hip hop group Fugees, alongside Wyclef Jean and Lauryn Hill. After the Fugees, he is known for his Top 40 hit "Ghetto Supastar " from the film Bulworth and "We Trying to Stay Alive" with Jean and John Forté.

<i>The Score</i> (Fugees album) 1996 studio album by Fugees

The Score is the second and final studio album by the hip hop trio Fugees. The Score was released worldwide on February 13, 1996 on Columbia Records. The album features a wide range of samples and instrumentation, with many aspects of alternative hip-hop that would come to dominate the hip-hop music scene in the mid-late 1990s. Primarily, The Score's production was handled by the Fugees themselves, Jerry Duplessis and Warren Riker, with additional production from Salaam Remi, John Forté, Diamond D, and Shawn King. The album's guest verses are from Outsidaz members Rah Digga, Young Zee, and Pacewon, as well as Omega, John Forté, and Diamond D. Most versions of the album feature four bonus tracks, including three remixes of "Fu-Gee-La", and a short acoustic Wyclef Jean solo track entitled "Mista Mista".

<i>Wyclef Jean Presents The Carnival</i> 1997 studio album by Wyclef Jean

Wyclef Jean Presents The Carnival, also known simply as The Carnival, is the debut studio album released by Haitian hip hop musician Wyclef Jean. The album was released on June 24, 1997, Wyclef Jean also served as the album's executive producer. The album features guest appearances from Celia Cruz, The Neville Brothers and multiple appearances from Jean's former Fugees bandmates, Lauryn Hill and Pras.

"Killing Me Softly with His Song" is a song composed by Charles Fox with lyrics by Norman Gimbel. The lyrics were written in collaboration with Lori Lieberman after she was inspired by a Don McLean performance in late 1971. Lieberman released her version of the song in 1972, but it did not chart. In 1973 it became a number-one hit in the United States, Australia and Canada for Roberta Flack, also reaching number six in the UK Singles Chart. In 1996, Fugees recorded the song with Lauryn Hill on lead vocals, their version became a number-one hit in twenty countries. The version by Flack won the 1974 Grammy for Record of the Year and Best Female Pop Vocal Performance, and the version by Fugees won the 1997 Grammy for Best R&B Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal. The song has been covered by many other artists.

<i>MTV Unplugged No. 2.0</i> 2002 live album by Lauryn Hill

MTV Unplugged No. 2.0 is a live album by American singer and rapper Lauryn Hill. The performance comes from her 2002 MTV Unplugged special recorded on July 21, 2001 at MTV Studios in Times Square, New York City. Hill abandoned the hip hop sounds of her debut album The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill (1998) in favor of folk and soul songs she performed with an acoustic guitar. The songs were interspersed with spoken interludes about her personal and artistic struggles.

Doo Wop (That Thing) 1998 single by Lauryn Hill

"Doo Wop " is the debut solo single from American recording artist Lauryn Hill. The song is the lead single from her debut album, The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill. It was written and produced by Hill. The song was officially released in October 1998, after it was initially released as a radio only single, two months prior.

<i>Let There Be Eve...Ruff Ryders First Lady</i> 1999 studio album by Eve

Let There Be Eve...Ruff Ryders' First Lady is the debut studio album by American rapper Eve. It was released by Ruff Ryders Entertainment and Interscope Records on September 14, 1999. All of the songs on the album were written by Eve herself. It sold over 200,000 copies in the first week. The album has sold over 2 million copies and was certified Double Platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America. The album features singles such as "Gotta Man", and "Love Is Blind" with Faith Evans. Eve became the third female hip-hop artist to have her album peak at number-one on the Billboard 200.

Ready or Not (Fugees song) 1996 single by Fugees

"Ready or Not" is a song by the American hip-hop group Fugees, from their second studio album, The Score (1996). The song contains a sample of "Boadicea" (1987) by Irish singer Enya, and its chorus is based on "Ready or Not Here I Come " by the Delfonics. "Ready or Not" topped the charts in Iceland and the United Kingdom; in the latter country, "Ready or Not" became the Fugees' second chart-topping song on the UK Singles Chart, following "Killing Me Softly". The single has been certified Platinum in the UK and in the United States.

Everything Is Everything (Lauryn Hill song) 1999 single by Lauryn Hill

"Everything Is Everything" is the third and final single from American recording artist Lauryn Hill's debut album, The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill (1998). Released on May 4, 1999 by Ruffhouse and Columbia Records, the song was written by Hill and Johari Newton, and produced by Hill. The song contains elements of R&B, '60s soul, and hip hop influences. "Everything is Everything" garnered acclaim from critics, many of whom praised its lyrical themes and genre variance. The song marked the first commercial appearance of pianist John Legend, who was 19 years old when the song was recorded. During the recording sessions, Hill wanted to write a song about injustice and struggles amongst youth communities in inner-city Urban America.

Lauryn Hill discography Neo soul recording artist discography

American singer and rapper Lauryn Hill has released one studio album, one live album, and twenty singles. She has also written for and performed on several other tracks that are lesser-known.

Ex-Factor 1998 single by Lauryn Hill

"Ex-Factor" is the second single from American recording artist Lauryn Hill from her debut solo album, The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill (1998). The song incorporates elements of R&B, neo soul and hip hop soul. Released by Ruffhouse and Columbia Records, the song features a sample of "Can It Be All So Simple" by Wu-Tang Clan.

"Turn Your Lights Down Low" is a song by Jamaican reggae band Bob Marley and the Wailers from their 1977 album, Exodus. It is the only song on side B of the album that was not released as a single. However, a remastered version featuring Lauryn Hill was released in 1999. This cover was commercially successful, peaking at number one on the UK R&B Chart, topping the charts in New Zealand and Romania, and receiving a nomination for Best Pop Collaboration with Vocals at the 43rd Grammy Awards but lost to B.B. King and Dr. John's "Is You Is, or Is You Ain't ".

<i>Ms. G.O.A.T.</i> 2008 mixtape by Lil Kim

Ms. G.O.A.T., an acronym for "Greatest Of All Time", is the debut mixtape by American rapper Lil' Kim. It was officially released on June 3, 2008 and was produced by Mister Cee and DJ Whoo Kid, DJs from New York City. The title references the 2000 album G.O.A.T. by American rapper LL Cool J.

The discography of the Fugees, an American hip hop trio consisting of rapper/singer Lauryn Hill and rappers Pras Michel and Wyclef Jean, consists of two studio albums, one compilation album, one remix album and nine singles and nine music videos. After the group formed in the 1980s under the name Tranzlator Crew, they signed to Ruffhouse Records and Columbia Records in 1993; they then changed their name to Fugees – an abbreviation of "refugees", also a reference to Haitian immigrants.

"Lost Ones" is a diss song by American rapper and singer-songwriter Lauryn Hill. It was released on August 25, 1998, through Ruffhouse and Columbia Records. It was written by Hill and produced by Hill, Vada Nobles and Che Pope. Despite never naming him in the song, the song is widely considered to be aimed towards Hill's former Fugees Bandmate Wyclef Jean.

References

  1. Luckett, Sharrell (2013). "Lauryn Hill". In Edmondson, Jacqueline (ed.). Music in American Life: An Encyclopedia of the Songs, Styles, Stars, and Stories that Shaped Our Culture. ABC-CLIO. p. 550. ISBN   9780313393488. Hill's sound fuses hip-hop, soul, and reggae with socially conscious lyrics and helped to usher in the neo-soul movement.
  2. 1 2
  3. Williams, Stereo (April 22, 2018). "How a Racist Smear Campaign Destroyed Lauryn Hill's Career". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on December 7, 2018. Retrieved January 24, 2019.
  4. 1 2 Nickson, Chris (1999). Lauryn Hill: She's Got That Thing. St Martin's Press. pp. 13, 148. ISBN   0-312-97210-5.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 "Lauryn Hill Biography and Interview". www.achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement. Archived from the original on February 20, 2019. Retrieved April 3, 2019.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Farley, Christopher John (February 8, 1999). "Hip-Hop Nation: Lauryn Hill". Time . Archived from the original on June 12, 2013. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
  7. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "Most Beautiful: Lauryn Hill: Musician". People . May 10, 1999. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Foege, Alec (September 5, 1996). "Fugees: Leaders of the New Cool [cover story]". Rolling Stone . pp. 40–47.
  9. 1 2 Kot, Greg (January 21, 1999). "The Rolling Stone Music Awards: Lauryn Hill". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on December 27, 2013. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 Samuels, Allison (April 15, 1996). "Fugees Are the New Conscience of Rap". Newsweek . Archived from the original on February 20, 2014. Retrieved June 30, 2013.(subscription required)
  11. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Jacobs, Andrew (February 26, 1999). "Pop Superstar's Vote for Her Town: Lauryn Hill and 5 Grammys Are Firmly in South Orange". The New York Times . Archived from the original on March 4, 2014. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  12. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 George-Warren, Holly; Ramanowski, Patricia, eds. (2001). The Rolling Stone Encyclopedia of Rock & Roll (3rd ed.). New York: Fireside Books. pp.  358–359. ISBN   0-7432-0120-5. The Fugees entry online Archived September 17, 2017, at the Wayback Machine
  13. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Touré (October 30, 2003). "The Mystery of Lauryn Hill". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on July 20, 2015. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
  14. Solomon, Michael (April 6, 2012). "Stars Who Went to High School Together". Elle . Archived from the original on October 7, 2013. Retrieved July 9, 2013.
  15. 1 2 "Lauryn Hill In Pictures - The Story So Far". NME . Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
  16. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Brown, Ethan (May 1999). "Queen of the Hill". Teen People . pp. 65–70.
  17. "Lauryn Hill". Internet Movie Database. Archived from the original on July 5, 2013. Retrieved June 16, 2013.
  18. "Sister Act 2: Back in the Habit - Original Soundtrack". AllMusic . Archived from the original on August 22, 2013. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
  19. Ebert, Roger. "Sister Act 2: Back In The Habit". rogerebert.com. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved June 29, 2013.
  20. Wood, Jason (2002). Steven Soderbergh. Harpenden, Hertfordshire: Pocket Essentials. p. 35. ISBN   1-903047-82-X.
  21. "Fugees - Chart History (Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums Chart)". Billboard . Retrieved June 7, 2013.
  22. 1 2 "Fugees Biography". Artistdirect. Archived from the original on February 21, 2014. Retrieved June 17, 2013.
  23. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 McGee, Tiffany (August 18, 2008). "Whatever Happened to ... Lauryn Hill?". People . Archived from the original on April 19, 2013. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
  24. "Fugees - Chart History (Hot 200)". Billboard . Retrieved June 7, 2013.
  25. 1 2 "RIAA - Gold & Platinum Searchable Database". Recording Industry Association of America. Archived from the original on January 3, 2016. Retrieved July 7, 2013.
  26. Okwonga, Musa (February 12, 2021). "In 'The Score,' the Fugees Made Refugees the Heroes of an Epic Tale". The Ringer. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
  27. Christgau, Robert. "Pazz & Jop 1996 Critics Poll". The Village Voice . Archived from the original on June 22, 2020. Retrieved July 13, 2013.
  28. 1 2 "The Score - Fugees: Awards". AllMusic . Archived from the original on August 4, 2013. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
  29. 1 2 "500 Greatest Albums of All Time - The Fugees, 'The Score'". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on August 5, 2013. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
  30. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Lewis, Andrea (April 1999). "The Missed Message of Lauryn Hill". The Progressive . Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
  31. "Killing Me Softly by the Fugees". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
  32. "The Score - Fugees". AllMusic . Archived from the original on August 6, 2013. Retrieved June 7, 2013.
  33. 1 2 3 Furman, Leah; Furman, Elina (1999). Heart of Soul: The Lauryn Hill Story. Ballantine Books. ISBN   0-345-43588-5.
  34. 1 2 Muro, Matt (September 12, 1999). "On the Cover, and Not Just for Looks". The New York Times . Archived from the original on March 4, 2014. Retrieved July 6, 2013.
  35. "Fugees' Lauryn To Get Help From Puffy, Mariah, Busta On Project". MTV News. October 27, 1997. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
  36. 1 2 Sieczkowski, Cavan (September 18, 2012). "Wyclef Jean Says Lauryn Hill Affair, Paternity Lie Broke Up Fugees". The Huffington Post . Archived from the original on July 8, 2013. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  37. Connelly, Sheryl (September 18, 2012). "Taking the rap: Wyclef Jean admits explosive affair with Lauryn Hill caused the Fugees to flame out". New York Daily News . Archived from the original on June 23, 2013. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  38. Sisario, Ben (January 23, 2000). "Jersey Footlights: Manhattan Dreams in Hoboken". The New York Times . Archived from the original on March 4, 2014. Retrieved June 29, 2013.
  39. Fretts, Bruce (January 28, 2000). "Restaurant Review". Entertainment Weekly . Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved June 29, 2013.
  40. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Checkoway, Laura (August 26, 2008). "Inside 'The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill'". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on February 2, 2013. Retrieved June 25, 2013.
  41. "The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill (Credits)". AllMusic . Archived from the original on September 11, 2015. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  42. Strauss, Neil (February 25, 1999). "5 Grammys to Lauryn Hill; 3 to Madonna". The New York Times . Archived from the original on June 15, 2013. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
  43. 1 2 3 Boucher, Geoff (December 19, 1998). "The Legal Tangle of 'Miseducation'". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on February 8, 2013. Retrieved March 31, 2013.
  44. Browne, David (September 4, 1988). "Music Review: 'The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill'". Entertainment Weekly . Archived from the original on May 23, 2013. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
  45. Christgau, Robert. "Consumer Guide". robertchristgau.com. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
  46. "The 150 Greatest Albums Made By Women". NPR.org. Archived from the original on May 2, 2019. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  47. Samuels, Anita (April 10, 1999). "Lauryn Hill to Do That Live 'Thing'". Billboard . p. 8.
  48. "20 Years Since Lauryn Hill's Debut, How Much Has Changed?". PAPER. June 29, 2018. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
  49. "CERTIFIED CLASSICS IN COLLABORATION WITH SPOTIFY CELEBRATES 20 YEARS OF THE ICONIC THE MISEDUCATION OF LAURYN HILL ALBUM WITH DEAR MS. HILL & DISSECT MINI SERIES – Sony Music Canada". www.sonymusic.ca. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
  50. 1 2 Chang, Jeff (2005). Can't Stop Won't Stop: A History of the Hip-Hop Generation . New York: St. Martin's Press. pp. 445–446. ISBN   0-312-30143-X.
  51. 1 2 "Lauryn Hill - Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard . Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  52. Cashmore, Pete (May 25, 2018). "It could all be so simple … why did Lauryn Hill disappear?". The Guardian. ISSN   0261-3077. Archived from the original on May 6, 2019. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  53. Christgau, Robert. "Pazz & Jop 1998 Critics Poll". The Village Voice . Archived from the original on February 28, 2015. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
  54. "Lauryn Hill: Awards". AllMusic . Archived from the original on August 4, 2013. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
  55. Britton, Wesley (January 30, 2012). "Music Review: Aretha Franklin - Knew You Were Waiting: The Best of Aretha Franklin 1980-1998". Seattle Post-Intelligencer . Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved July 14, 2013.
  56. "Past Winners Search: 'Lauryn Hill'". National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
  57. "Lauryn Hill Wins Four NAACP Awards". MTV News. February 17, 1999. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  58. "100+ Most Influential Black Americans". Ebony . May 1999. Archived from the original on June 11, 2014. Retrieved July 9, 2013.
  59. "Jesse Jackson Jr., Lauryn Hill, Serena, Puff Daddy Are Among The Super Leaders Of The Future". Jet . November 15, 1999. Archived from the original on June 11, 2014. Retrieved July 9, 2013.
  60. "Lauryn Hill Gets Emotional At "Essence" Awards". MTV News. March 27, 1999. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  61. Dickerson, Debra (June 22, 1999). "Lauryn Hill: Hoochie or hero?". Salon . Archived from the original on November 15, 2013. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
  62. 1 2 3 4 McLeod, Rod (May 10, 2000). "The reeducation of Lauryn Hill". Salon . Archived from the original on November 11, 2013. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
  63. 1 2 Perry, Claudia (October 31, 2000). "Lauryn Hill's Courtroom Saga Continues". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on April 7, 2014. Retrieved June 29, 2013.
  64. 1 2 3 Walls, Jeannette; Pearson, Ashley (December 17, 2003). "Was Hill influenced to attack Catholic Church?". MSNBC. Archived from the original on February 2, 2014. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
  65. 1 2 3 Morgan, Joan (December 16, 2009). "They Call Me Ms. Hill". Essence . Archived from the original on November 5, 2013. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  66. 1 2 Needham, Alex (April 21, 2002). "Hill, Lauryn : MTV Unplugged No. 2.0". NME . Archived from the original on May 24, 2013. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  67. "MTV Unplugged No. 2.0". AllMusic . Archived from the original on June 4, 2013. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
  68. 1 2 Hilburn, Robert (July 15, 2002). "Hill Continues Her Lofty Course". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on February 22, 2014. Retrieved July 10, 2013.
  69. "Musiq, Lauryn Hill Storm The Charts". Billboard . Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved July 11, 2013.
  70. "Lauryn Hill: MTV Unplugged 2.0". riaa.com. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved January 31, 2019.
  71. Cinquemani, Sal (January 21, 2003). "The 45th Annual Grammy Awards: Winner Predictions". Slant . Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved June 10, 2013.
  72. "Kanye West - All Falls Down". Discogs. Archived from the original on August 7, 2019. Retrieved May 6, 2019.
  73. Hall, Rashaun (January 21, 2005). "Kanye West Collaborating With Lauryn Hill On New LP". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 14, 2009. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  74. "Exclusive: Rohan Marley Sets the Record Straight". The Avah Taylor Company. June 9, 2011. Archived from the original on February 23, 2014. Retrieved February 23, 2014.
  75. 1 2 3 "Lauryn Hill: Rohan Marley Is Not the Father of My Sixth Child". Rolling Stone . Us Weekly. July 28, 2011. Archived from the original on August 19, 2013. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
  76. 1 2 Friedman, Roger (June 11, 2002). "Lauryn Hill: Brainwashed?". Fox News. Archived from the original on February 23, 2014. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
  77. 1 2 Reid, Shaheem (December 15, 2003). "Lauryn Hill Attacks Catholic Church At Vatican Concert". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 15, 2009. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  78. Shaw, Kathy (December 16, 2003). "Catholic League Calls Lauryn Hill 'Pathologically Miserable'". Poynter Institute. Archived from the original on November 6, 2013. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
  79. 1 2 Patel, Joseph (January 9, 2004). "The Misvaluation of Lauryn Hill: $15 Music Video Posted Online". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 15, 2009. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
  80. "Block Party". Metacritic . Archived from the original on January 16, 2014. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  81. "Fugees - Chart History (Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles)". Billboard . Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  82. 1 2 "Lauryn Hill returns to the limelight". USA Today . Associated Press. July 12, 2005. Archived from the original on December 28, 2013. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
  83. "Reunited Fugees Plan Euro Tour". Billboard . Archived from the original on October 1, 2014. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
  84. "Lauryn Hill Plays Bizarre Show in NYC". MTV News. August 7, 2007. Archived from the original on January 14, 2009. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
  85. 1 2 "Label Source Says Lauryn Hill 'On Hiatus', Rohan Marley Says 'She's Always Working'". XXL Magazine . August 5, 2008. Archived from the original on June 15, 2013. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
  86. Reid, Shaheem (June 22, 2007). "Lauryn Hill Suits Up For Second LP After Breaking The Ice With Penguin Song". MTV News. Archived from the original on January 15, 2009. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
  87. "Ms. Hill: Lauryn Hill: Music" . Retrieved November 13, 2011.
  88. "Surf's Up - Original Soundtrack". AllMusic . Archived from the original on June 13, 2013. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
  89. "Lauryn Hill to Return to the Stage at Montreux Jazz Festival". Rolling Stone . April 3, 2009. Archived from the original on February 2, 2013. Retrieved June 8, 2013.
  90. 1 2 3 Kreps, Daniel (June 10, 2009). "Lauryn Hill Cancels European Tour, Cites Health Reasons". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on February 3, 2013. Retrieved August 11, 2013.
  91. McKnight, Connor (January 25, 2010). "Lauryn Hill Surfaces At Raggamuffin Music Festival In New Zealand". Billboard . Archived from the original on August 1, 2013. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
  92. 1 2 "Khulami Phase". AllMusic . Archived from the original on June 5, 2013. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
  93. Minaya, Marcell (June 20, 2010). "Lauryn Hill performs at Harmony Festival". Digital Spy . Archived from the original on July 9, 2013. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
  94. "Top 100 Music Hits, Top 100 Music Charts, Top 100 Songs & The Hot 100". Billboard . Archived from the original on May 29, 2013. Retrieved November 13, 2011.
  95. 1 2 Ratliff, Ben (September 4, 2011). "Chunks of Memory, Reassembled Onstage". The New York Times . Archived from the original on May 19, 2015. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
  96. "Jazz in the Gardens at Sun Life Stadiu". Miami New Times . March 20, 2011. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
  97. Wappler, Margaret (April 15, 2011). "Coachella 2011: Ready or not, Lauryn Hill commands the stage". Los Angeles Times . Archived from the original on May 6, 2014. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
  98. Johnson, Chevel (May 7, 2011). "Lauryn Hill Debuts At New Orleans' Jazz Festival". The Huffington Post . Archived from the original on February 3, 2014. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
  99. "The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas Announces that Lauryn Hill will perform at the Boulevard Pool". The Cosmopolitan of Las Vegas. April 4, 2011. Archived from the original on April 1, 2013. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
  100. "Lauryn Hill "Fearless Vampire Killer" New Song [Video]". XXL Magazine . March 1, 2012. Archived from the original on February 1, 2014. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
  101. "Nas and Ms. Lauryn Hill Announce Tour". Billboard . September 19, 2012. Archived from the original on May 28, 2013. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
  102. "Lauryn Hill Debuts New Song 'Black Rage'". lauryn-hill.com. Archived from the original on March 7, 2013. Retrieved June 9, 2013.
  103. 1 2 Porter, David (June 29, 2012). "Lauryn Hill Tax Charges: Singer Pleads Guilty In NJ, Faces Jail Time". The Huffington Post . Associated Press. Archived from the original on June 13, 2013. Retrieved June 28, 2013.
  104. James C. McKinley, Jr. (June 7, 2012). "Lauryn Hill Charged With Tax Evasion". New York Times Blog. Archived from the original on September 10, 2015.
  105. Finn, Natalie (June 8, 2012). "Lauryn Hill Responds to Tax-Evasion Charges, Says She'll Rectify Situation". E! News. Archived from the original on June 13, 2013. Retrieved June 28, 2013.
  106. 1 2 3 Porter, David (April 22, 2013). "Lauryn Hill Faces Sentencing In NJ For Tax Evasion". The Huffington Post . Associated Press. Archived from the original on June 13, 2013. Retrieved June 28, 2013.
  107. Hyman, Vicki (April 19, 2013). "Lauryn Hill reportedly faces eviction; tax evasion sentencing Monday". The Star-Ledger . Newark. Archived from the original on April 20, 2013. Retrieved June 30, 2003.
  108. 1 2 3 Boardman, Madeline (May 5, 2013). "'Neurotic Society (Compulsory Mix),' Lauryn Hill's New Track, Released By Singer". The Huffington Post . Archived from the original on May 27, 2013. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
  109. Miller, Monica (May 21, 2013). "Commentary: It's Time to Be Honest With Lauryn Hill". Black Entertainment Television. Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Retrieved June 12, 2013.
  110. "Neurotic Society is a song about people not being". MsLaurynHill.com. May 31, 2013. Archived from the original on August 6, 2013. Retrieved November 5, 2014.
  111. 1 2 "Lauryn Hill jailed for tax evasion". BBC News . May 6, 2013. Archived from the original on June 5, 2013. Retrieved May 25, 2013.
  112. 1 2 3 Duke, Alan (May 7, 2013). "The tax education of Lauryn Hill: Prison". CNN. Archived from the original on July 3, 2013. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
  113. 1 2 Frank, Robert (May 7, 2013). "Is Lauryn Hill Being Singled Out Among Tax Evaders?". CNBC. Archived from the original on July 20, 2013. Retrieved June 30, 2013.
  114. "Lauryn Hill starts prison sentence". USA Today . Associated Press. July 8, 2013. Archived from the original on July 9, 2013. Retrieved July 8, 2013.
  115. "Lauryn Hill is released from federal prison". USA Today . Associated Press. October 4, 2013. Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. Retrieved October 4, 2013.
  116. Lopez, Korina (October 4, 2013). "Lauryn Hill celebrates prison release with new song". USA Today . Archived from the original on October 6, 2013. Retrieved October 5, 2013.
  117. "Judge allows Lauryn Hill to go on tour". USA Today . Associated Press. October 9, 2013. Archived from the original on October 13, 2013. Retrieved October 12, 2013.
  118. "Concerning Violence: watch a clip from the documentary about colonialisation, narrated by Lauryn Hill". The Guardian . London. November 4, 2014. Archived from the original on October 8, 2016. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
  119. Fensterstock, Alison (November 2, 2014). "Ms. Lauryn Hill performs 45 minutes late at Voodoo Fest a second time - but made her minutes onstage count". The Times-Picayune . New Orleans. Archived from the original on November 6, 2014. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
  120. "Lauryn Hill cancels Israel show after cultural boycott pressure". The Guardian . London. Agence France-Press. May 4, 2015. Archived from the original on December 19, 2016. Retrieved December 12, 2016.
  121. Grow, Kory (June 17, 2015). "Hear Lauryn Hill's Sultry Nina Simone Cover 'Feeling Good'". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on July 31, 2017. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
  122. Tillett, Salamishan (July 6, 2015). "Review: Nina Revisited... A Tribute To Nina Simone". NPR. Archived from the original on August 25, 2017. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  123. León, Felice (April 16, 2016). "Lauryn Hill Headlines Diaspora Calling! and She's Still Got It". The Root . Archived from the original on April 23, 2016. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
  124. Blistein, Jon (April 13, 2016). "Lauryn Hill to Host, Headline Inaugural Diaspora Calling Festival". Rolling Stone . Archived from the original on August 20, 2017. Retrieved September 2, 2017.
  125. 1 2 Wicker, Jewel. "Concert Review: Lauryn Hill shows up more than 2 hours late to Atlanta show. Lauryn Hill does not care about her fans. Lauryn has lost herself throughout the years". AJC.com. The Atlanta Journal-Constitution. Archived from the original on November 10, 2017. Retrieved November 9, 2017.
  126. 1 2 "Lauryn Hill two hours late for concert because of need to 'align her energies'". The Guardian . May 9, 2016. Archived from the original on November 10, 2017. Retrieved November 9, 2017.
  127. Salim, TracKHousE (May 7, 2016). "Don't believe the exaggeration people we were scheduled to hit the stage at 9:30 p.m. and we started at 10:30 #LaurynHill #mslaurynhill". @Cronicles. Archived from the original on October 3, 2020. Retrieved February 7, 2018.
  128. "J. PERIOD Rereleases 'Best of Lauryn Hill (Vol. 1: Fire)' With Apple Music". Vibe. February 14, 2020. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020. * "Lauryn Hill Sentenced To Three Months In Prison". Stereogum. May 7, 2013. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020. * "Wired 25: The Best Female Rappers Of All Time…As Of March 2015 [Photos]". The Latest Hip-Hop News, Music and Media | Hip-Hop Wired. March 25, 2015. Archived from the original on April 22, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020. * Bein, Kat (September 13, 2012). "Top Ten Female Rappers, From Trina to Lauryn Hill". Miami New Times. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  129. Decaro, Frank (April 4, 1999). "No Longer the Punch-Line State; Lauryn Hill, the Sopranos and others are unapologetic New Jerseyans. (Published 1999)". The New York Times. ISSN   0362-4331 . Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  130. "Kool Moe Dee Writes Book". HipHopDX. June 23, 2003. Retrieved May 25, 2021.
  131. "The 100 Greatest Women In Music". VH1 News. February 13, 2012. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
  132. "Best Rappers List | Greatest of All Time". Billboard. November 12, 2015. Archived from the original on June 9, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  133. "The 100 Greatest Singers of All Time". Consequence of Sound. October 11, 2016. Archived from the original on May 27, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  134. Tensley, Brandon (August 25, 2018). "How Lauryn Hill Educated the Music Industry 20 Years Ago". Time. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
  135. "The Greatest Singer/rappers". Ranker. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  136. "Beyoncé picks her favourite songs, from Lauryn Hill to Sade". BBC Radio 2. Retrieved November 23, 2020.
  137. Hill, Lauryn. "The Many Voices Of Lauryn Hill". NPR.org. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  138. "Black Music & Entertainment Walk of Fame Announced With First Three Inductees". www.billboard.com. February 18, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
  139. Smith, Danyel (March 11, 2021). "Chapter 6: The Diss-Education of Lauryn Hill, Feat. Angela Yee and MC Lyte". The Ringer. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  140. "Adele's '19': Things You Didn't Know About Her Debut LP". iHeartRadio. Retrieved May 29, 2021.
  141. "Why Lauryn Hill still has the Ex Factor". BBC News. May 23, 2018. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
  142. "Dua Lipa talks Lauryn Hill".
  143. "Christina Aguilera talks about topping the charts". EW.com. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  144. Britney Spears Talking About Mariah Carey, Whitney Huston & Lauren Hill , retrieved March 27, 2021
  145. Stevens, Amanda (2000). Britney Spears: The Illustrated Story. Billboard Books. ISBN   978-0-8230-7867-7.
  146. Bassett, Jordan (November 23, 2018). "The Big Read – Mumford And Sons". NME. Retrieved May 25, 2021.
  147. Arnold, Chuck (July 26, 2018). "How SZA became R&B royalty". New York Post. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  148. "Pink and Dallas Green talk their new collaboration, 'You + Me'". EW.com. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  149. "Watch Kelly Clarkson Mash-Up Post Malone, Lauryn Hill and Cardi B". Billboard. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  150. MTV News Staff. "Kanye West Responds To Entertainment Weekly Album Of The Decade Honor". MTV News. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
  151. Lieu, Johnny. "Jay Z went on a Twitter spree and thanked dozens of rappers that inspired him". Mashable. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  152. "These Stars Credit Lauryn Hill For Inspiring Their Music". 102.5 KNIX. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  153. the.LIFE Files TV: Nas On President Obama, Lauryn Hill & Hip Hop In 2012 , retrieved May 25, 2021
  154. "R.E.M. Wish You a Merry Xmas". Vulture. Archived from the original on June 28, 2020. Retrieved June 28, 2020.
  155. Madden, Sidney. "Foxy Brown Praises Nicki Minaj for Bowing Down to Both Her and Lauryn Hill - XXL". XXL Mag. Archived from the original on June 30, 2020. Retrieved June 28, 2020.
  156. "Rapsody on Lauryn Hill influence, Jay-Z 'air-dunking' on her". AP NEWS. September 11, 2019. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  157. "Inside Blackpink's U.S. Takeover: How the K-Pop Queens Are Changing the Game". www.billboard.com. February 28, 2019. Retrieved January 25, 2021.
  158. "2NE1's CL Calls on the K-Pop Industry to Recognize the Influence of Black Artists". www.yahoo.com. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  159. Arakawa, Lindsay. "I'm Obsessed With This K-Pop Group & You Should Be Too". www.refinery29.com. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  160. LeDonne, Rob (August 23, 2018). "Songwriter Savan Kotecha on the Making of Ariana Grande's Sweetener". Vulture. Archived from the original on October 1, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  161. Vena, Jocelyn. "Beyonce Inspired By Michael Jackson, Lauryn Hill For New Album". MTV News. Archived from the original on June 18, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  162. Amorosi, A. D. (December 31, 2018). "Why 2018 Was Pusha T's Year". Variety. Retrieved March 27, 2021.
  163. Scaggs, Austin (December 30, 2004). "Kanye West: No Kicks from Champagne". Rolling Stone. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  164. "Six things that inspired Clairo's debut album Immunity". Dazed. August 16, 2019. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  165. "Freddie Gibbs - The Miseducation Of Freddie Gibbs (album review 2) | Sputnikmusic". www.sputnikmusic.com. Retrieved April 4, 2021.
  166. "Calboy and Lil Wayne release video for their song "Miseducation"". WJTT POWER94. Retrieved March 25, 2021.
  167. "R.E.M. Wish You a Merry Xmas". Vulture. Retrieved March 25, 2021.
  168. "Erykah Badu talks Lauryn Hill". Youtube.
  169. "The Next Generation of Lauryn Hill: 16 Artists on Their Favorite 'Miseducation' Songs". Billboard. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
  170. "Doja Cat's 'Say So,' Featuring Nicki Minaj, Tops Billboard Hot 100". Archived from the original on May 15, 2020. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  171. "Doja Cat - Say So ft. Nicki Minaj".
  172. "When Nicki Minaj Met Lauryn Hill". Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved May 18, 2020.
  173. Todd, Lucy (May 23, 2018). "Why Lauryn Hill still has the Ex Factor". BBC News. Archived from the original on August 13, 2019. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  174. "Urban Women With Iconic Tattoos: Ink and Urban 💉". Swag Aliens. December 9, 2017. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  175. "Rapsody Video Interview: Watch". Billboard. December 20, 2019. Archived from the original on June 16, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  176. "Bebe's biggest musical influence is Queen of R&B Lauryn Hill". Capital XTRA. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  177. "Lauryn Hill Performs With The Weeknd After No-Show at the GRAMMYs". Entertainment Tonight. Archived from the original on June 29, 2020. Retrieved June 28, 2020.
  178. "News". GRAMMY.com. April 30, 2017. Retrieved June 26, 2021.
  179. "Ella Mai On "Boo'd Up," Lauryn Hill & More". GRAMMY.com. September 27, 2018. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  180. "$5 for One Digital Download of Rihanna's LOUD ($9.99 Value)". Groupon. Archived from the original on April 28, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2020.
  181. "Donald Glover Talks 'This Is America,' Lauryn Hill, & 'Star Wars' on 'Kimmel'". Rap-Up. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
  182. Spanos, Brittany (September 25, 2020). "H.E.R. on 'The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill': 'It Allowed Me to Make Personal Music'". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 20, 2020.
  183. "Bastille's Dan Smith on Lauryn Hill's beautiful, personal and complicated 'Miseducation' | The Independent". June 27, 2020. Archived from the original on June 27, 2020. Retrieved July 8, 2021.
  184. Karen Mizoguchi (September 19, 2018). "Adele Tells Lauryn Hill 'Thank You for Existing' in Honor of 20th Anniversary of Miseducation Album". People. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  185. "From Kanye West to Tupac: J. Cole's 10 favourite albums of all time" . Retrieved March 25, 2021.
  186. "From Jay-Z to Dr. Dre: Kendrick Lamar named his 25 favourite albums of all time" . Retrieved March 25, 2021.
  187. "Drake Samples Lauryn Hill In New Song 'Draft Day': Listen". Billboard. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  188. "Drake, Cardi B & More Artists Sampling Lauryn Hill in 2018 | Billboard". May 28, 2019. Archived from the original on May 28, 2019. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  189. "Tracing The History Of The Fugees Sample On JAY-Z's "Moonlight"". Genius. Retrieved April 20, 2021.
  190. 1 2 "6 Rap Songs That Sample Lauryn Hill Masterfully | Pitchfork". March 30, 2020. Archived from the original on March 30, 2020. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  191. Glaysher, Scott. "20 of the Best Hip-Hop Samples of Lauryn Hill's Music - XXL". XXL Mag. Archived from the original on May 29, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  192. Pearce, Sheldon. "6 Rap Songs That Sample Lauryn Hill Masterfully". Pitchfork. Retrieved March 24, 2021.
  193. "A$AP Rocky Returns With 'Testing,' His Most Experimental Album to Date". Billboard. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  194. "Everyone Who Contributed to Frank Ocean's 'Endless'". Complex. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  195. "Hear Mariah Carey Sample Lauryn Hill On Her New Song, 'Save The Day'". NPR.org. Retrieved March 23, 2021.
  196. Marsh, Lisa (December 27, 2000). "$1.5B LOAN HELPS WORN-OUT ; LEVI'S BEAT THE BLUES". New York Post. Retrieved April 12, 2021.
  197. "The Selling of 'The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill'". Okayplayer. September 12, 2018. Retrieved April 12, 2021.
  198. "Levi's Exhibit Debuts at The Contemporary Jewish Museum, San Francisco". Sunset Magazine. February 12, 2020. Retrieved April 12, 2021.
  199. "The Influence of Lauryn Hill on Christian Dior S/S00". AnOther. February 7, 2017. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  200. Craik, Laura (October 6, 1999). "Dior follows suit with logo mania". The Guardian. ISSN   0261-3077. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  201. "The return of the saddle bag by John Galliano for Christian Dior". Vogue.it. December 22, 2017. Retrieved May 28, 2021.
  202. Weinstock, Tish (March 1, 2018). "the dior saddle bag is back (again)". i-D. Retrieved May 28, 2021.
  203. Thomas, Eva. "The 10 Most Popular Designer Bags Ever". Who What Wear. Retrieved May 28, 2021.
  204. Kelham-Hohler, Jess. "New Sex And The City And Carrie's Most Iconic Fashion Looks" . Retrieved May 28, 2021.
  205. Blavity. "Blavity News & Politics". Blavity News & Politics. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  206. "Alexander Wang To Drop Expensive Hip-Hop T-Shirt Collection". Vibe. September 5, 2017. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  207. "Tory Burch Resort 2017". SNOBETTE. June 5, 2016. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  208. "Lauryn Hill Shines As A Muse for the Louis Vuitton Men's SS21 Shanghai Show". stupidDOPE.com. August 24, 2020. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  209. "Watch Lauryn Hill Perform in New Video for Louis Vuitton | Pitchfork". pitchfork.com. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
  210. Bobila, Maria. "Solange on Fashion vs. Style, Her Pre-Teen Goth Phase and How Confusing 'Festival Style' Is". Fashionista. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
  211. "How does 'Hamilton,' the non stop, hip-hop Broadway sensation tap rap's master rhymes to blur musical lines?". WSJ. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  212. Brooks, Katherine (July 5, 2016). "Lin-Manuel Miranda Names His Favorite Rappers Of All Time". HuffPost. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  213. "Watch Leslie Odom Jr. reveal some hidden hip hop references in 'Hamilton'". TODAY.com. Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  214. Wickman, Forrest (September 24, 2015). "All the Hip-Hop References in Hamilton: A Track-by-Track Guide". Slate. ISSN   1091-2339 . Retrieved February 23, 2021.
  215. "The Simpsons" The Miseducation of Lisa Simpson (TV Episode 2020) - IMDb , retrieved February 23, 2021
  216. "The making of Tales "ex-factor" episode".
  217. "Cardi B Just Became the First Solo Female Artist to Win Best Rap Album Grammy". Time. Archived from the original on September 2, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  218. Rob, D. J. (April 15, 2018). "Here's The Short List of Female Rappers To Top The Billboard Album Chart …And The LONG List Of Those Who Haven't". Djrobblog.com. Retrieved March 9, 2021.
  219. "Cardi B Becomes Fifth Female Rapper to Hit No. 1 on Billboard 200 Albums Chart". Billboard. Retrieved March 9, 2021.
  220. "'Work' Week: Rihanna Tops Hot 100 for Seventh Week, Fifth Harmony Earns First Top 10 Hit". Billboard. Retrieved March 6, 2021.
  221. "Grammys 2021 Predictions: Who Will Win and Who Should Win | Pitchfork". pitchfork.com. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  222. copy, Copied to clipboardClick to. "Nine Artists Could Dominate The 2021 Grammys Narrative: Here's What It Would Mean If Each of Them Did". Billboard. Retrieved March 13, 2021.
  223. "When They Put Lauryn Hill on the Cover of Time". Literary Hub. August 14, 2018. Archived from the original on June 3, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  224. "TLG's Finest: 90s Neo-Soul". trouve-la-groove. January 23, 2017. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  225. "Lauryn Hill's Iconic Album "The Miseducation Of Lauryn Hill' Goes Diamond". Urban Islandz. February 17, 2021. Retrieved February 25, 2021.
  226. "The 150 Greatest Albums Made By Women". NPR.org. Archived from the original on May 2, 2019. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  227. "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time". Rolling Stone. September 22, 2020. Archived from the original on September 22, 2020. Retrieved September 22, 2020.
  228. "Lauryn Hill's 'The Miseducation Of Lauryn Hill' Has Gone Diamond". UPROXX. February 17, 2021. Retrieved February 17, 2021.
  229. Sorcinelli, Gino (September 4, 2019). "Micro-Chopping Lauryn Hill — An Exclusive 16-Track Playlist of Lauryn Hill Production". Medium. Archived from the original on August 3, 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.