Pay-per-view (PPV) is a type of pay television service by which a viewer can purchase events to view via private telecast. The broadcaster shows the event at the same time to everyone ordering it (as opposed to video-on-demand systems, which allow viewers to see recorded broadcasts at any time).
Pay television or subscription television are subscription-based television services, usually provided by both analog and digital cable and satellite television, but also increasingly via digital terrestrial and internet television. Subscription television began in the multi-channel transition and transitioned into the post-network era. Some parts of the world, notably in France and the United States, have also offered encrypted analog terrestrial signals available for subscription.
Video on demand (VOD) is a programming system which allows users to select and watch/listen to video or audio content such as movies and TV shows whenever they choose, rather than at a scheduled broadcast time, the method that prevailed with over-the-air programming during the 20th century. IPTV technology is commonly used to bring VOD to televisions and personal computers.
Events can be purchased through a multichannel television platform using their electronic program guide, an automated telephone system, or through a live customer service representative. There has been an increasing number of pay-per-views distributed via streaming video online, either alongside or in lieu of carriage through television providers. In 2012, the popular video sharing service YouTube began to allow partners to host live PPV events on the platform.
A multichannel television service, also known as simply a television provider, is a type of service provider who distributes television programming to its customers for a subscription fee. Subscription television providers distribute television channels that offer different types of programming, typically including local television stations within their market, specialty channels that are distributed solely through multichannel television providers, and pay television services that offer premium content such as feature films and other original programming.
Electronic program guides (EPGs) and interactive program guides (IPGs) are menu-based systems that provide users of television, radio and other media applications with continuously updated menus that display scheduling information for current and upcoming broadcast programming. Some guides also feature backward scrolling to promote their catch up content. They are commonly known as guides or TV guides.
Customer service representatives (CSRs), customer service advisors, or customer service associates (CSAs) interact with customers to handle complaints, process orders, and provide information about an organization’s products and services. Qualifications include good communication, problem-solving, and computer skills.
Events distributed through PPV typically include combat sports events (including boxing and mixed martial arts, and sports entertainment such as professional wrestling), and concerts. In the past, PPV was often used to distribute telecasts of feature films, as well as adult content such as pornographic films, but the growth of digital cable caused these use cases to be subsumed by VOD instead, leaving PPV to focus primarily on live event programs.
Boxing is a combat sport in which two people, usually wearing protective gloves, throw punches at each other for a predetermined amount of time in a boxing ring.
Mixed martial arts (MMA) is a full-contact combat sport that allows striking and grappling, both standing and on the ground, using techniques from various combat sports and martial arts. The first documented use of the term mixed martial arts was in a review of UFC 1 by television critic Howard Rosenberg in 1993. The term gained popularity when newfullcontact.com, then one of the largest websites covering the sport, hosted and republished the article. The question of who actually coined the term is subject to debate.
Professional wrestling is a form of performance art and entertainment which combines athletics with theatrical performance. It takes the form of events, held by touring companies, which mimic a title-match combat sport. The unique form of sport portrayed is fundamentally based on classical and "catch" wrestling, with modern additions of striking attacks, strength-based holds and throws and acrobatic maneuvers. Much of these derive from the influence of various international martial arts. An additional aspect of combat with improvised weaponry is sometimes included to varying degrees.
The earliest form of pay-per-view was closed-circuit television, also known as theatre television, where professional boxing telecasts were broadcast live to a select number of venues, mostly theaters, where viewers paid for tickets to watch the fight live. million buys worldwide in 1974, and the "Thrilla in Manila" drawing 100 million buys worldwide in 1975. Closed-circuit television was gradually replaced by pay-per-view home television in the 1980s and 1990s.The first fight with a closed-circuit telecast was Joe Louis vs. Jersey Joe Walcott in 1948. Closed-circuit telecasts peaked in popularity with Muhammad Ali in the 1960s and 1970s, with "The Rumble in the Jungle" fight drawing 50
Closed-circuit television (CCTV), also known as video surveillance, is the use of video cameras to transmit a signal to a specific place, on a limited set of monitors. It differs from broadcast television in that the signal is not openly transmitted, though it may employ point to point (P2P), point to multipoint (P2MP), or mesh wired or wireless links. Though almost all video cameras fit this definition, the term is most often applied to those used for surveillance in areas that may need monitoring such as banks, stores, and other areas where security is needed. Though Videotelephony is seldom called 'CCTV' one exception is the use of video in distance education, where it is an important tool.
Professional boxing, or prizefighting, is regulated, sanctioned boxing. Professional boxing bouts are fought for a purse that is divided between the boxers as determined by contract. Most professional bouts are supervised by a regulatory authority to guarantee the fighters' safety. Most high-profile bouts obtain the endorsement of a sanctioning body, which awards championship belts, establishes rules, and assigns its own judges and referee.
Joseph Louis Barrow, best known as Joe Louis was an American professional boxer who competed from 1934 to 1951. He reigned as the world heavyweight champion from 1937 to 1949, and is considered to be one of the greatest heavyweight boxers of all time. Nicknamed the "Brown Bomber", Louis' championship reign lasted 140 consecutive months, during which he participated in 26 championship fights. The 27th fight, against Ezzard Charles in 1950, was a challenge for Charles' heavyweight title and so is not included in Louis' reign. He was victorious in 25 title defenses, second only to Julio César Chávez with 27. In 2005, Louis was ranked as the best heavyweight of all time by the International Boxing Research Organization, and was ranked number one on The Ring magazine's list of the "100 greatest punchers of all time".
The Zenith Phonevision system became the first home pay-per-view system to be tested in the United States. Developed in 1951, it used telephone lines to take and receive orders, as well as to descramble a television broadcast signal. The field tests conducted for Phonevision lasted for 90 days and were tested in Chicago, Illinois. The system used IBM punch cards to descramble a signal broadcast during the broadcast station's "off-time". Both systems showed promise, but the Federal Communications Commission denied them the permits to operate.
Phonevision was a project by Zenith Radio Company to create the world's first pay television system. It was developed and first launched in Chicago, followed by further trials in New York City and Hartford, Connecticut.
A telephone, or phone, is a telecommunications device that permits two or more users to conduct a conversation when they are too far apart to be heard directly. A telephone converts sound, typically and most efficiently the human voice, into electronic signals that are transmitted via cables and other communication channels to another telephone which reproduces the sound to the receiving user.
Chicago, officially the City of Chicago, is the most populous city in Illinois, as well as the third most populous city in the United States. With an estimated population of 2,716,450 (2017), it is the most populous city in the Midwest. Chicago is the principal city of the Chicago metropolitan area, often referred to as Chicagoland, and the county seat of Cook County, the second most populous county in the United States. The metropolitan area, at nearly 10 million people, is the third-largest in the United States, and the fourth largest in North America and the third largest metropolitan area in the world by land area.
One of the earliest pay-per-view systems on cable television, the Optical Systems-developed Channel 100, first began service in 1972 in San Diego, California through Mission Cable(which was later acquired by Cox Communications) and TheaterVisioN, which operated out of Sarasota, Florida. These early systems quickly went out of business, as the cable industry adopted satellite technology and as flat-rate pay television services such as Home Box Office (HBO) became popular.
Cable television is a system of delivering television programming to consumers via radio frequency (RF) signals transmitted through coaxial cables, or in more recent systems, light pulses through fiber-optic cables. This contrasts with broadcast television, in which the television signal is transmitted over the air by radio waves and received by a television antenna attached to the television; or satellite television, in which the television signal is transmitted by a communications satellite orbiting the Earth and received by a satellite dish on the roof. FM radio programming, high-speed Internet, telephone services, and similar non-television services may also be provided through these cables. Analog television was standard in the 20th century, but since the 2000s, cable systems have been upgraded to digital cable operation.
Channel 100 was a pay television channel company run by Jeff Nathanson and Alan Greenstadt. Also called Optical Systems, it was one of the first all pay-per-view cable TV channels. It used a box manufactured by TRW, in which a user inserted separately purchased punched plastic cards for access. In 1972, Mission Cable in San Diego became the first cable company to use the Optical Systems arrangement—under the name “Channel 100." Channel 100 operated on several cable television systems in the United States during the 1970s, including San Diego, California and Toledo, Ohio. It showed two movies a week.
San Diego is a city in the U.S. state of California. It is in San Diego County, on the coast of the Pacific Ocean in Southern California, approximately 120 miles (190 km) south of Los Angeles and immediately adjacent to the border with Mexico.
While most pay-per-view services were delivered via cable, there were a few over-the-air pay TV stations that offered pay-per-view broadcasts in addition to regularly scheduled broadcasts of movies and other entertainment. These stations, which operated for a few years in Chicago, Los Angeles and some other cities, broadcast "scrambled" signals that required descrambler devices to convert the signal into standard broadcast format. These services were marketed as ON-TV.
The first home pay-per-view cable television broadcast was the Floyd Patterson vs. Ingemar Johansson rematch in 1960, when 25,000 TelePrompTer subscribers mailed $2 to watch Patterson regain the heavyweight title. –Johansson match in 1961 was later viewed by 100,000 paid cable subscribers. Muhammad Ali had several fights on early pay-per-view home television, including Cassius Clay vs. Doug Jones in 1963, and Muhammad Ali vs. Sonny Liston which drew 250,000 buys on cable television in 1964.The third Patterson
Professional boxing was largely introduced to pay-per-view cable television with the "Thrilla in Manila" fight between Muhammad Ali and Joe Frazier in September 1975. The fight sold 500,000 pay-per-view buys on HBO.There was also another major title fight aired on pay-per-view in 1980, when Roberto Durán defeated Sugar Ray Leonard. Cable companies offered the match for $10, and about 155,000 customers paid to watch the fight.
A major pay-per-view event[ citation needed ] occurred on September 16, 1981, when Sugar Ray Leonard fought Thomas "Hitman" Hearns for the World Welterweight Championship. Viacom Cablevision in Nashville, Tennessee – the first system to offer the event – saw over 50 percent of its subscriber base purchase the fight.[ citation needed ] Leonard visited Nashville to promote the fight, and the event proved such a success that Viacom themed its annual report for that year around it.[ citation needed ] Viacom marketing director Pat Thompson put together the fight, and subsequently put together additional PPV fights, wrestling matches, and even a televised Broadway play.[ citation needed ]
After leaving Viacom, Thompson became head of Sports View and produced the first pay-per-view football game on October 16, 1983, a college football game between the University of Tennessee and the University of Alabama from Birmingham, Alabama.[ citation needed ] Sports View played a role in building pay-per-view networks,[ citation needed ] and became the early pioneer in developing TigerVision for Louisiana State University, TideVision for Alabama and UT Vol Seat for Tennessee. Sports View also produced the Ohio State-Michigan football game for pay-per-view in November 1983.
In 1985, the first pay-per-view cable channels in the United States – Viewer's Choice (now In Demand), Cable Video Store, First Choice and Request TV – began operation within days of each other.[ citation needed ] Viewer's Choice serviced both home satellite dish and cable customers, while Request TV, though broadcasting to cable viewers, would not become available to satellite subscribers until the 1990s.[ citation needed ] First Choice PPV was available on Rogers Cablesystems in the United States and Canada. After Paragon Cable acquired the Rogers Cablesystems franchise in San Antonio, Texas, First Choice continued to be carried until Time Warner Cable bought Paragon in 1996. In the United States, pay-per-view broadcasters transmit without advertisements, similar to conventional flat-rate pay television services.
The term "pay-per-view" did not come into general use until the late 1980s[ citation needed ] when companies such as Viewer's Choice, HBO and Showtime started using the system to show movies and some of their productions. Viewer's Choice carried movies, concerts and other events, with live sporting events such as WrestleMania being the most predominant programming. Prices ranged from $3.99 to $49.99, while HBO and Showtime, with their event production legs TVKO and SET Pay Per View, would offer championship boxing matches ranging from $14.99 to $54.99.[ citation needed ]
ESPN later began to televise college football and basketball games on pay-per-view through its services ESPN GamePlan and ESPN Full Court, which were eventually sold as full-time out-of-market sports packages.[ citation needed ] The boxing undercard Latin Fury, shown on June 28, 2003, became ESPN's first boxing card on pay-per-view and also the first pay-per-view boxing card held in Puerto Rico.[ citation needed ] Pay-per-view has provided a revenue stream for professional wrestling circuits such as WWE, Total Nonstop Action Wrestling (TNA), Ring of Honor (ROH) and Lucha Libre AAA World Wide (AAA).
WWE chairman and chief executive officer Vince McMahon is considered by many as one of the icons of pay-per-view promotion. McMahon owns the domain name payperview.com, which redirects to the WWE Network website.
In 2006, HBO generated 3.7 million pay-per-view buys with $177 million in gross sales. The only year with more buys previously, 1999, had a total of 4 million. The former record fell in 2007 when HBO sold 4.8 million PPV buys with $255 million in sales.In 2014, HBO generated 59.3 million buys and $3.1 billion in revenue since its 1991 debut with Evander Holyfield-George Foreman.
1999 differed radically from 2006: 1999 saw four major fight cards: De La Hoya-Trinidad (1.4 million buys), Holyfield-Lewis I (1.2 million), Holyfield-Lewis II (850,000) and De La Hoya-Quartey (570,000). By contrast, only one pay-per-view mega-fight took place in 2006: De La Hoya-Mayorga (925,000 buys). Rahman-Maskaev bombed with under 50,000. The other eight PPV cards that year all fell in the 325,000–450,000 range. Pay-per-view fights in that range almost always generate more money for the promoter and fighters than HBO wants to pay for an HBO World Championship Boxing license-fee.[ citation needed ]
In May 2007, the super-welterweight boxing match between Oscar De La Hoya vs. Floyd Mayweather Jr. on HBO PPV became the biggest-selling non-heavyweight title fight, with a little more than 2.5 million buyers. $139 million in domestic PPV revenue, making it the most lucrative prizefight of that era. The record stood until 2015 before it was broken by Floyd Mayweather, Jr. vs. Manny Pacquiao in a fight dubbed as the "Fight of the Century" on May 2, 2015 which generated 4.6 million ppv buys and a revenue of over $400 million.The fight itself generated roughly
The leading PPV attraction, Floyd Mayweather Jr. has generated approximately 24 million buys and $1.6 billion in revenue. Manny Pacquiao, ranked second, has generated approximately 19.2 million buys and $1.2 billion in revenue.Oscar De La Hoya, has "sold" approximately 14 million units in total, giving $700 million in domestic television receipts and stands third. In fourth place in buys, Evander Holyfield has achieved 12.6 million units ($550 million); and at fifth, Mike Tyson has reached 12.4 million units ($545 million).
Ross Greenburg, then president of HBO Sports, called the expansion of pay-per-view "the biggest economic issue in boxing", stating "I can't tell you that pay-per-view helps the sport because it doesn't. It hurts the sport because it narrows our audience, but it's a fact of life. Every time we try to make an HBO World Championship Boxing fight, we're up against mythical pay-per-view numbers. HBO doesn't make a lot of money from pay-per-view. There's usually a cap on what we can make. But the promoters and fighters insist on pay-per-view because that's where their greatest profits lie."
"It's a big problem," Greenburg continues. "It's getting harder and harder to put fighters like Manny Pacquiao on HBO World Championship Boxing. If Floyd Mayweather beats Oscar, he might never fight on HBO World Championship Boxing again. But if HBO stopped doing pay-per-view, the promoters would simply do it on their own [like Bob Arum did with Cotto-Malignaggi in June 2006] or find someone else who will do it for them."
Former HBO Sports President Seth Abraham concurs, saying, "I think, if Lou (DiBella) and I were still at HBO, we'd be in the same pickle as far as the exodus of fights to pay-per-view is concerned."
The Ultimate Fighting Championship (UFC), a mixed martial arts promotion, was a relative newcomer to the PPV market. However, the promotion experienced a surge in popularity in the mid-2000's, credited initially to the popularity of an associated reality show on the cable channel Spike, The Ultimate Fighter . UFC 52—the first UFC event since its premiere, broke the promotion's record with almost 300,000 buys (in comparison to 250,000 for UFC 5).PPV numbers escalated further in 2006, with its events taking in a gross revenue of $222 million. In October 2016, it was reported that 42% of the UFC's "content revenue" in 2015 came from pay-per-view buys, followed by U.S. and international media rights.
In 2018, UFC 229 would pull an all-time record for the promotion, with estimates indicating that the event attracted nearly 2.4 million buys, breaking the 1.5 million buy record set by UFC 205.
In March 2019, as part of a larger contract with ESPN, it was announced that future UFC pay-per-views will only be sold to subscribers of the network's add-on streaming service ESPN+.
Professional wrestling has a long history of running pay-per-view events. WWE (then WWF) launched its first pay-per-view event in 1985 with The Wrestling Classic and has run numerous others throughout the years, including its annual flagship event WrestleMania. Other major organisations such as WCW, ECW, Impact Wrestling (formerly TNA), and Ring of Honor have also run pay-per-view events.
Although it still offers its events via traditional pay-per-view outlets, since 2014 WWE has offered all of its PPV events at no additional charge as part of a subscription-based streaming service known as WWE Network—which features on-demand access to library content and other exclusive programming. Following WrestleMania 34, the service had 2.12 million subscribers.
In 2015, PPV broadcasts of the Fare Thee Well: Celebrating 50 Years of the Grateful Dead tour set a record for buys for a music event, with over 400,000.
Viewers in the United Kingdom and Ireland can access pay-per-view via satellite, cable and over-the-internet television services, mainly for films, boxing and American professional wrestling via services such as Sky Box Office and more recently ITV Box Office and BT Sport Box Office. The last couple of years has seen the number of pay-per-view boxing events significantly increase and currently all of the UK's top fights are only available via pay-per-view. Broadcasters (most notably PremPlus) have abandoned their aspirations to introduce PPV into other sports market due to poor take-up.
In Canada, most specialty television providers provide pay-per-view programming through one or more services. In all cases, prices typically range from around C$4.99 (for movies) up to $50 or more for special events.
Initially, there were three major PPV providers in Canada; Viewers Choice Canada operated in Eastern Canada as a joint venture of Astral Media, Rogers Communications, and TSN, while Western International Communications operated a separate service also branded as Viewers Choice, which used the brand under licence after previously operating as Home Theatre.
Viewers Choice Canada was a partner in a French-language PPV service known as Canal Indigo, which is now entirely owned by Videotron. Bell Canada also launched a PPV service for its ExpressVu television provider known as Vu! in 1999.
Home Theatre was later acquired by Shaw Communications; after gaining permission to operate nationally, it re-branded as a white-label PPV known internally as Shaw PPV in December 2007. In 2014, due to Bell Media's majority ownership of Viewers Choice because of its acquisition of Astral, and because both Bell and Rogers now ran their own in-house PPV operations (Vu! and Sportsnet PPV), Viewers Choice was shut down.
In Romania, cable communications operator UPC Romania has notified the National Audiovisual Council (CNA) on the intention to introduce in January, February 2014 at the latest, an on-demand audiovisual media service called Agerpres. According to the manager of UPC Romania-owned Smaranda Radoi UPC, will allow customers to watch movies on demand or live events; as well as broadcasts of performances, concerts and sporting events.
In November 2008, pay-per-view made its debut in Albania through Digitalb on terrestrial and satellite television, with the channel DigiGold.
In France, launched in the late 1990s, Canalsat (Ciné+) and TPS (Multivision) operate their own pay-per-view service. While CanalSat holds the rights to live soccer matches for France's Ligue 1, TPS had the rights for Boxe matches. In 2007, Multivision service ceased by the end of TPS service which merged with Canalsat. Nowadays, Ciné+ is the only existing pay-per-view service in France.
In Croatia, Fight Channel is broadcasting martial arts events organized by the world's most prominent fighting organizations, such as the UFC, K-1, HBO Boxing, Dream, Glory WS, World Series of Boxing etc. and its pay-per-view service covers the Balkans region.
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Per nations with Pay-Per-View or PPV system in South América:
In Argentina, Torneos y Competencias is a producer and sports events organization that broadcasts live main matches of Argentine Soccer in four categories on TyC Sports and TyC Max
In Brazil, in the soccer main matches of Serie A (Six games per matchday) and Serie B (Four games per matchday) in two categories of Brazilian Soccer are broadcast live on Premiere FC and SporTV. The Serie C Championship are broadcast live on SporTV with two games per matchday in Pay TV. In other sports are broadcast live on NBB TV (Exclusive channel of Brazilian Basketball League in Premium system)
In Chile, the exclusive rights of Chilean Soccer are owned by TV Fútbol and broadcast live on a channel called Canal Del Fútbol (The Soccer Channel), also known CDF . Sports Field S.A. has exclusive rights to games on the Chilean professional basketball league, which are broadcast live vía CDO (Premium Signal)
In Paraguay, the Teledeportes business have exclusive rights to broadcast live main matches of Paraguayan Soccer in four categories vía Tigo Max and Tigo Sports. Teledeportes have live broadcast live of Paraguayan Basketball League is broadcast live Monday at 7:55 pm on Tigo Max (K.O 20:10) and Thursday at 8:00 pm on Tigo Sports (K.O 20:15).
In Uruguay, the Tenfield producer business and sports events organization have television exclusive rights for the main matches of Uruguayan soccer and basketball, which are broadcast on VTV Max and VTV Sports.
Foxtel and Optus Vision introduced pay-per-view direct to home television in Australia in the mid-to-late 1990s. Foxtel had Event TV (until it transformed into its current form; Main Event) while, Optus Vision had Main Attraction Pay-Per-View as its provider. As of 2005, Main Event is the current pay-per-view provider through Foxtel and Optus cable/satellite subscription.
Sky Pacific started a service in Fiji in 2005 and then expanded into American Samoa, Cook Islands, Fiji, Kiribati (East), Nauru, New Caledonia, Niue, Papua New Guinea, Samoa, Solomon Islands, Tonga and Vanuatu, with one, out of their 25 channels, being Pay-Per-View.
Netflix is available in Australia.
In Malaysia, Astro's Astro Box Office service launched in 2000 in the form of the free-to-air "Astro Showcase".
In Japan, SkyPerfecTV subscribers can receive one-click pay-per-view access to hundreds of channels supplying domestic and international sporting events (including WWE events), movies, and specialty programming, either live or later on continuous repeat on its channel.
In India a pay-per-view service operates; however, pay-per-view sports broadcasts are available.Now also live events like wwe. [ citation needed ]
The following is a list of boxing fights that have generated over 1 million pay-per-view buys worldwide. These figures include closed-circuit theatre television (CCTV), pay-per-view home television (PPV), and pay-per-view online streaming (iPPV).
|March 8, 1971||Muhammad Ali vs. Joe Frazier||2,590,000||$45,750,000||$300,000,000|
|October 30, 1974||Muhammad Ali vs. George Foreman||50,000,000||$100,000,000||$510,000,000|
|October 1, 1975||Muhammad Ali vs. Joe Frazier III||100,000,000||$100,000,000||$500,000,000|
|September 27, 1976||Muhammad Ali vs. Ken Norton III||1,500,000||$33,500,000||$147,000,000|
|June 20, 1980||Roberto Durán vs. Sugar Ray Leonard||1,655,000||$30,000,000||$90,000,000|
|June 11, 1982||Larry Holmes vs. Gerry Cooney||2,000,000||$20,000,000||$52,000,000|
|April 6, 1987||Sugar Ray Leonard vs. Marvin Hagler||3,150,000||$60,000,000||$130,000,000|
|June 27, 1988||Mike Tyson vs. Michael Spinks||1,500,000||$70,000,000||$150,000,000|
|April 19, 1991||Evander Holyfield vs. George Foreman||1,400,000||$75,000,000||$138,000,000|
|June 28, 1991||Mike Tyson vs. Donovan Ruddock II||1,250,000||$49,142,000||$90,000,000|
|August 19, 1995||Mike Tyson vs. Peter McNeeley||1,600,000||$110,000,000||$177,000,000|
|March 16, 1996||Frank Bruno vs. Mike Tyson II||2,060,000||$98,000,000||$157,000,000|
|September 7, 1996||Mike Tyson vs. Bruce Seldon||1,150,000||$63,810,000||$102,000,000|
|November 9, 1996||Mike Tyson vs. Evander Holyfield||1,600,000||$94,200,000||$150,000,000|
|June 28, 1997||Mike Tyson vs. Evander Holyfield II||2,670,000||$180,000,000||$281,000,000|
|September 18, 1999||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Félix Trinidad||1,400,000||$74,100,000||$110,000,000|
|June 8, 2002||Lennox Lewis vs. Mike Tyson||2,720,000||$112,000,000||$156,000,000|
|May 5, 2007||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Floyd Mayweather Jr.||2,450,000||$165,000,000||$200,000,000|
|December 8, 2007||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Ricky Hatton||2,400,000||$134,000,000||$160,000,000|
|December 6, 2008||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Manny Pacquiao||1,250,000||$100,000,000||$116,000,000|
|May 2, 2009||Manny Pacquiao vs. Ricky Hatton||1,750,000||$80,200,000||$93,000,000|
|September 19, 2009||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Juan Manuel Márquez||1,060,000||$58,810,000||$69,000,000|
|November 14, 2009||Manny Pacquiao vs. Miguel Cotto||1,250,000||$78,850,000||$92,000,000|
|May 1, 2010||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Shane Mosley||1,400,000||$89,330,000||$103,000,000|
|November 13, 2010||Manny Pacquiao vs. Antonio Margarito||1,150,000||$69,400,000||$80,000,000|
|May 7, 2011||Manny Pacquiao vs. Shane Mosley||1,340,000||$83,900,000||$93,000,000|
|September 17, 2011||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs Victor Ortiz||1,250,000||$87,440,000||$97,000,000|
|November 13, 2011||Manny Pacquiao vs. Juan Manuel Márquez III||1,400,000||$88,580,000||$100,000,000|
|May 5, 2012||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Miguel Cotto||1,500,000||$94,000,000||$103,000,000|
|December 8, 2012||Manny Pacquiao vs. Juan Manuel Márquez IV||1,150,000||$80,400,000||$90,000,000|
|September 14, 2013||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Canelo Álvarez||2,200,000||$150,000,000||$160,000,000|
|May 2, 2015||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Manny Pacquiao||5,773,000||$500,000,000||$500,000,000|
|April 29, 2017||Anthony Joshua vs. Wladimir Klitschko||1,532,000||$64,000,000||$64,000,000|
|August 26, 2017||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Conor McGregor||5,174,000||$500,000,000||$500,000,000|
|September 16, 2017||Canelo Álvarez vs. Gennady Golovkin||1,300,000||$100,000,000||$100,000,000|
|March 31, 2018||Anthony Joshua vs. Joseph Parker||1,457,000||$50,000,000||$50,000,000|
|August 25, 2018||KSI vs. Logan Paul||1,050,000||$14,000,000||$14,000,000|
|Sep 15, 2018||Canelo Álvarez vs. Gennady Golovkin II||1,100,000||$117,000,000||$117,000,000|
|Sep 22, 2018||Anthony Joshua vs. Alexander Povetkin||1,113,000||$50,000,000||$50,000,000|
Select boxing buy rates at American closed-circuit theatre television venues between 1951 and 2015:
|June 15, 1951||Joe Louis vs. Lee Savold||81,022||$100,000||$970,000|
|September 12, 1951||Sugar Ray Robinson vs. Randolph Turpin II||100,000||$200,000||$1,930,000|
|September 23, 1952||Rocky Marciano vs. Joe Walcott||40,000||$192,000||$1,810,000|
|September 21, 1955||Rocky Marciano vs. Archie Moore||300,000||$1,125,000||$10,520,000|
|September 23, 1957||Sugar Ray Robinson vs. Carmen Basilio||500,000||$1,750,000||$13,380,000|
|March 25, 1958||Sugar Ray Robinson vs. Carmen Basilio II||400,000||$2,000,000||$17,370,000|
|August 18, 1958||Floyd Patterson vs. Roy Harris||192,762||$763,437||$6,560,000|
|June 26, 1959||Floyd Patterson vs. Ingemar Johansson||244,000||$1,032,000||$8,870,000|
|June 20, 1960||Floyd Patterson vs. Ingemar Johansson II||500,000||$3,000,000||$25,410,000|
|March 13, 1961||Floyd Patterson vs. Ingemar Johansson III||500,000||$2,500,000||$20,960,000|
|September 25, 1962||Floyd Patterson vs. Sonny Liston||600,000||$3,200,000||$26,500,000|
|March 13, 1963||Cassius Clay vs. Doug Jones||150,000||$500,000||$4,090,000|
|July 22, 1963||Floyd Patterson vs. Sonny Liston II||563,000||$4,747,690||$39,320,000|
|February 25, 1964||Muhammad Ali vs. Sonny Liston||700,000||$5,000,000||$40,400,000|
|January 2, 1965||Floyd Patterson vs. George Chuvalo||300,000||$800,000||$6,360,000|
|May 25, 1965||Muhammad Ali vs. Sonny Liston II||630,000||$4,300,000||$34,190,000|
|November 22, 1965||Muhammad Ali vs. Floyd Patterson||500,000||$4,000,000||$31,800,000|
|November 14, 1966||Muhammad Ali vs. Cleveland Williams||500,000||$3,750,000||$29,810,000|
|February 6, 1967||Muhammad Ali vs. Ernie Terrell||800,000||$4,000,000||$30,890,000|
|October 26, 1970||Muhammad Ali vs. Jerry Quarry||630,000||$3,500,000||$22,580,000|
|March 8, 1971||Muhammad Ali vs. Joe Frazier||2,500,000||$45,000,000||$278,000,000|
|October 30, 1974||Muhammad Ali vs. George Foreman||3,000,000||$60,000,000||$300,000,000|
|October 1, 1975||Muhammad Ali vs. Joe Frazier III||3,000,000||$60,000,000||$300,000,000|
|September 27, 1976||Muhammad Ali vs. Ken Norton III||1,500,000||$30,000,000||$130,000,000|
|Jun 20, 1980||Roberto Durán vs. Sugar Ray Leonard||1,500,000||$22,000,000||$66,900,000|
|June 11, 1982||Larry Holmes vs. Gerry Cooney||2,000,000||$20,000,000||$51,920,000|
|April 15, 1985||Marvin Hagler vs. Thomas Hearns||700,000||$10,500,000||$24,460,000|
|April 6, 1987||Sugar Ray Leonard vs. Marvin Hagler||3,000,000||$40,000,000||$88,210,000|
|June 27, 1988||Mike Tyson vs. Michael Spinks||800,000||$32,000,000||$67,790,000|
|June 28, 1997||Evander Holyfield vs. Mike Tyson II||120,000||$9,000,000||$14,050,000|
|May 5, 2007||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Floyd Mayweather Jr.||50,000||$2,750,000||$3,320,000|
|May 2, 2015||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Manny Pacquiao||173,000||$25,900,000||$27,380,000|
Select PPV boxing buy-rates (mainly from HBO, Showtime and Top Rank) between 1960 and 2018:
|June 20, 1960||Floyd Patterson vs. Ingemar Johansson II||Patterson wins by KO in round 5||TelePrompTer||25,000|
|March 13, 1961||Floyd Patterson vs. Ingemar Johansson III||Patterson wins by KO in round 6||TelePrompTer||100,000|
|September 25, 1962||Floyd Patterson vs. Sonny Liston||Liston wins by KO in round 1||TelePrompTer||100,000|
|February 25, 1964||Muhammad Ali vs. Sonny Liston||Ali wins by RTD in round 6||WHCT||250,000|
|Oct 1, 1975||Muhammad Ali vs. Joe Frazier III||Ali wins by TKO in round 14||HBO||500,000|
|Jun 20, 1980||Roberto Durán vs. Sugar Ray Leonard||Durán wins by UD (145-144, 148-147, 146-144)||HBO||155,000|
|Sep 16, 1981||Sugar Ray Leonard vs. Thomas Hearns||Leonard wins by TKO in round 14||HBO||583,200|
|Apr 15, 1985||Marvin Hagler vs. Thomas Hearns||Hagler wins by TKO in round 3||HBO||100,000|
|Apr 6, 1987||Sugar Ray Leonard vs. Marvin Hagler||Leonard wins by SD (118-110, 113-115, 115-113)||HBO||150,000|
|Jun 27, 1988||Mike Tyson vs. Michael Spinks||Tyson wins by KO in round 1||HBO||700,000|
|Oct 25, 1990||Buster Douglas vs. Evander Holyfield||Holyfield wins by KO in round 3||Showtime||1,000,000|
|March 18, 1991||Mike Tyson vs. Donovan Ruddock||Tyson wins by TKO in round 7||Showtime||960,000|
|Apr 19, 1991||Evander Holyfield vs. George Foreman||Holyfield wins by UD (116–111, 117–110, 115–112)||HBO||1,400,000|
|Jun 28, 1991||Mike Tyson vs. Donovan Ruddock II||Tyson wins by UD (113–109, 114–108, 114–108)||Showtime||1,250,000|
|Oct 18, 1991||Ray Mercer vs. Tommy Morrison||Mercer wins by KO in round 5||HBO||200,000|
|Jun 19, 1992||Evander Holyfield vs. Larry Holmes||Holyfield wins by UD (117–111, 116–112, 116–112)||HBO||730,000|
|Nov 13, 1992||Evander Holyfield vs. Riddick Bowe||Bowe wins by UD (117–110, 117–110, 115–112)||HBO||900,000|
|Jun 7, 1993||George Foreman vs. Tommy Morrison||Morrison wins by UD (117–110, 117–110, 118–108)||HBO||600,000|
|Nov 6, 1993||Riddick Bowe vs. Evander Holyfield II||Holyfield wins by MD (115–113, 115–114, 114–114)||HBO||950,000|
|Nov 18, 1994||James Toney vs. Roy Jones Jr.||Jones Jr. wins by UD (119–108, 118–109, 117–110)||HBO||300,000|
|May 6, 1995||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Rafael Ruelas||De La Hoya wins by TKO in round 2||HBO||330,000|
|Aug 19, 1995||Mike Tyson vs. Peter McNeeley||Tyson wins by DQ in round 1||Showtime||1,600,000|
|Nov 4, 1995||Riddick Bowe vs. Evander Holyfield III||Bowe wins by TKO in round 8||HBO||650,000|
|Mar 16, 1996||Frank Bruno vs. Mike Tyson II||Tyson wins by TKO in round 3||Showtime||1,400,000|
|Sep 7, 1996||Mike Tyson vs. Bruce Seldon||Tyson wins by TKO in round 1||Showtime||1,150,000|
|Nov 9, 1996||Mike Tyson vs. Evander Holyfield||Holyfield wins by TKO in round 11||Showtime||1,600,000|
|Apr 12, 1997||Pernell Whitaker vs. Oscar De La Hoya||De La Hoya wins by UD (115–111, 116–110, 116–110)||HBO||720,000|
|Jun 28, 1997||Mike Tyson vs. Evander Holyfield II||Holyfield wins by DQ in round 3||Showtime||1,990,000|
|Sep 13, 1997||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Héctor Camacho||De La Hoya wins by UD (120–106, 120–105, 118–108)||HBO||560,000|
|Oct 4, 1997||Lennox Lewis vs. Andrew Golota||Lewis wins by KO in round 1||HBO||300,000|
|Nov 8, 1997||Evander Holyfield vs. Michael Moorer II||Holyfield wins by RTD in round 8||Showtime||550,000|
|Jan 16, 1999||Mike Tyson vs. Francois Botha||Tyson wins by KO in round 5||Showtime||750,000|
|Mar 13, 1999||Evander Holyfield vs. Lennox Lewis||Split draw (116–113, 113–115, 115–115)||HBO||1,200,000|
|Sep 18, 1999||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Félix Trinidad||Trinidad wins by MD (115–113, 115–114, 114–114)||HBO||1,400,000|
|Nov 13, 1999||Evander Holyfield vs. Lennox Lewis II||Lewis wins by UD (116–112, 117–111, 115–113)||HBO||850,000|
|Apr 29, 2000||Lennox Lewis vs. Michael Grant||Lewis wins by KO in round 2||HBO||340,000|
|Jun 17, 2000||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Shane Mosley||Mosley wins by SD (116–112, 115–113, 113–115)||HBO||590,000|
|Sep 9, 2000||Roy Jones Jr. vs. Eric Harding||Jones Jr. wins by RTD in round 10||HBO||125,000|
|Oct 20, 2000||Mike Tyson vs. Andrew Golota||Tyson wins by TKO in round 3 (later changed to an NC)||Showtime||450,000|
|Nov 11, 2000||Lennox Lewis vs. David Tua||Lewis wins by UD (119–109, 118–110, 117–111)||HBO||420,000|
|Mar 3, 2001||Evander Holyfield vs. John Ruiz II||Ruiz wins by UD (116–110, 115–111, 114–111)||Showtime||185,000|
|Apr 7, 2001||Naseem Hamed vs. Marco Antonio Barrera||Barrera wins by UD (116–111, 115–112, 115–112)||HBO||310,000|
|Nov 17, 2001||Hasim Rahman vs. Lennox Lewis II||Lewis wins by KO in round 4||HBO||460,000|
|Jun 8, 2002||Lennox Lewis vs. Mike Tyson||Lewis wins by KO in round 8||HBO/Showtime||1,970,000|
|Sep 14, 2002||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Fernando Vargas||De La Hoya wins by TKO in round 11||HBO||935,000|
|Feb 22, 2003||Mike Tyson vs. Clifford Etienne||Tyson wins by KO in round 1||Showtime||100,000|
|Mar 1, 2003||John Ruiz vs. Roy Jones Jr.||Jones Jr. wins by UD (118–110, 117–111, 116–112)||HBO||525,000|
|Sep 13, 2003||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Shane Mosley II||Mosley wins by UD (113–115, 113–115, 113–115)||HBO||950,000|
|Oct 4, 2003||James Toney vs. Evander Holyfield||Toney wins by TKO in round 9||Showtime||150,000|
|Nov 8, 2003||Antonio Tarver vs. Roy Jones Jr.||Jones Jr. wins by MD (117–111, 116–112, 114–114)||HBO||302,000|
|May 15, 2004||Roy Jones Jr. vs. Antonio Tarver II||Tarver wins by KO in round 2||HBO||360,000|
|Sep 18, 2004||Bernard Hopkins vs. Oscar De La Hoya||Hopkins wins by KO in round 9||HBO||1,000,000|
|Dec 11, 2004||Vitali Klitschko vs. Danny Williams||Klitschko wins by TKO in round 8||HBO||120,000|
|Mar 19, 2005||Érik Morales vs. Manny Pacquiao||Morales wins by UD (115–113, 115–113, 115–113)||HBO||345,000|
|Jun 11, 2005||Mike Tyson vs. Kevin McBride||McBride wins by TKO in round 7||Showtime||250,000|
|Jun 25, 2005||Arturo Gatti vs. Floyd Mayweather Jr.||Mayweather Jr. wins by RTD in round 6||HBO||340,000|
|Oct 1, 2005||Antonio Tarver vs. Roy Jones Jr. III||Tarver wins by UD (117–111, 116–112, 116–112)||HBO||405,000|
|Jan 21, 2006||Manny Pacquiao vs Érik Morales II||Pacquiao wins by TKO in round 10||HBO||360,000|
|Apr 8, 2006||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Zab Judah||Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (116–112, 117–111, 119–109)||HBO||375,000|
|May 6, 2006||Ricardo Mayorga vs. Oscar De La Hoya||De La Hoya wins by TKO in round 6||HBO||925,000|
|May 6, 2006||Manny Pacquiao vs. Óscar Larios||Pacquiao wins by UD (117–110, 118–108, 120–106)||Top Rank||120,000|
|Aug 12, 2006||Hasim Rahman vs. Oleg Maskaev II||Maskaev wins by TKO in round 12||HBO||60,000|
|Nov 4, 2006||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Carlos Baldomir||Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (120–108, 120–108, 118–110)||HBO||325,000|
|Nov 18, 2006||Manny Pacquiao vs Érik Morales III||Pacquiao wins by KO in round 3||HBO||350,000|
|Apr 14, 2007||Manny Pacquiao vs Jorge Solís||Pacquiao wins by KO in round 8||Top Rank||150,000|
|May 5, 2007||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Floyd Mayweather Jr.||Mayweather Jr. wins by SD (116–112, 115–113, 113–115)||HBO||2,400,000|
|Oct 10, 2007||Manny Pacquiao vs. Marco Antonio Barrera II||Pacquiao wins by UD (118–109, 118–109, 115–112)||HBO||350,000|
|Dec 8, 2007||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Ricky Hatton||Mayweather Jr. wins by TKO in round 10||HBO||920,000|
|Mar 15, 2008||Manny Pacquiao vs. Juan Manuel Márquez II||Pacquiao wins by SD (115–112, 114–113, 112–115)||HBO||400,000|
|Jun 28, 2008||David Díaz vs. Manny Pacquiao||Pacquiao wins by TKO in round 9||HBO||206,000|
|Nov 8, 2008||Joe Calzaghe vs. Roy Jones Jr.||Calzaghe wins by UD (118–109, 118–109, 118–109)||HBO||225,000|
|Dec 6, 2008||Oscar De La Hoya vs. Manny Pacquiao||Pacquiao wins by RTD in round 8||HBO||1,250,000|
|May 2, 2009||Manny Pacquiao vs. Ricky Hatton||Pacquiao wins by KO in round 2||HBO||850,000|
|Sep 19, 2009||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Juan Manuel Márquez||Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (120–107, 119–108, 118–109)||HBO||1,060,000|
|Nov 14, 2009||Manny Pacquiao vs. Miguel Cotto||Pacquiao wins by TKO in round 12||HBO||1,250,000|
|Mar 13, 2010||Manny Pacquiao vs. Joshua Clottey||Pacquiao wins by UD (119–109, 119–109, 120–108)||HBO||700,000|
|Apr 3, 2010||Bernard Hopkins vs. Roy Jones Jr. II||Hopkins win by UD (118–109, 117–110, 117–110)||HBO||150,000|
|May 1, 2010||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Shane Mosley||Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (119–109, 118–110, 119–109)||HBO||1,400,000|
|Nov 13, 2010||Manny Pacquiao vs. Antonio Margarito||Pacquiao wins by UD (120–108, 118–110, 119–109)||HBO||1,150,000|
|May 7, 2011||Manny Pacquiao vs. Shane Mosley||Pacquiao wins by UD (119–108, 120–108, 120–107)||Showtime||1,340,000|
|Sep 17, 2011||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs Victor Ortiz||Mayweather Jr. wins by KO in round 4||HBO||1,250,000|
|Nov 13, 2011||Manny Pacquiao vs. Juan Manuel Márquez III||Pacquiao wins by MD (115–113, 114–114, 116–112)||HBO||1,400,000|
|Dec 3, 2011||Miguel Cotto vs. Antonio Margarito II||Cotto wins by RTD in round 9||HBO||600,000|
|May 5, 2012||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Miguel Cotto||Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (117–111, 117–111, 118–110)||HBO||1,500,000|
|Jun 9, 2012||Manny Pacquiao vs. Timothy Bradley||Bradley wins by SD (115–113, 115–113, 115–113)||HBO||890,000|
|Sep 15, 2012||Sergio Martínez vs. Julio César Chávez Jr.||Martínez wins by UD (118–109, 118–109, 117–110)||HBO||475,000|
|Dec 8, 2012||Manny Pacquiao vs. Juan Manuel Márquez IV||Márquez wins by KO in round 6||HBO||1,150,000|
|May 4, 2013||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Robert Guerrero||Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (117–111, 117–111, 117–111)||Showtime||1,000,000|
|Sep 14, 2013||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Canelo Álvarez||Mayweather Jr. wins by MD (117–111, 116–112, 114–114)||Showtime||2,200,000|
|Oct 12, 2013||Timothy Bradley vs. Juan Manuel Márquez||Bradley wins by SD (115–113, 116–112, 113–115)||HBO||375,000|
|Nov 24, 2013||Manny Pacquiao vs. Brandon Ríos||Pacquiao wins by UD (119–109, 120–108, 118–110)||HBO||475,000|
|Mar 8, 2014||Canelo Álvarez vs. Alfredo Angulo||Álvarez wins by TKO in Round 10||Showtime||350,000|
|Apr 12, 2014||Manny Pacquiao vs. Timothy Bradley II||Pacquiao wins by UD (116–112, 116–112, 118–110)||HBO||800,000|
|May 3, 2014||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Marcos Maidana||Mayweather Jr. wins by MD (114–114, 117–111, 116–112)||Showtime||900,000|
|Jun 7, 2014||Miguel Cotto vs. Sergio Martínez||Cotto wins by RTD in round 10||HBO||315,000|
|Jul 12, 2014||Canelo Álvarez vs. Erislandy Lara||Álvarez wins by SD (115–113, 117–111, 113–115)||Showtime||300,000|
|Sep 13, 2014||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Marcos Maidana II||Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (116–111, 116–111, 115–112)||Showtime||925,000|
|Nov 23, 2014||Manny Pacquiao vs. Chris Algieri||Pacquiao wins by UD (119–103, 119–103, 120–102)||HBO||400,000|
|May 2, 2015||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Manny Pacquiao||Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (116–112, 116–112, 118–110)||HBO/Showtime||4,600,000|
|Sep 12, 2015||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Andre Berto||Mayweather Jr. wins by UD (120–108, 118–110, 117–111)||Showtime||400,000|
|Oct 17, 2015||Gennady Golovkin vs. David Lemieux||Golovkin wins via TKO in round 8||HBO||150,000|
|Nov 21, 2015||Miguel Cotto vs. Canelo Álvarez||Álvarez wins by UD (117–111, 119–109, 118–110)||HBO||900,000|
|Apr 9, 2016||Manny Pacquiao vs. Timothy Bradley III||Pacquiao wins by UD (116–110, 116–110, 116–110)||HBO||400,000|
|May 7, 2016||Canelo Álvarez vs. Amir Khan||Álvarez wins by KO in round 6||HBO||600,000|
|July 23, 2016||Terence Crawford vs. Viktor Postol||Crawford wins by UD (118–107, 118–107, 117–108)||HBO||55,000|
|Sep 17, 2016||Canelo Álvarez vs. Liam Smith||Álvarez wins by TKO in round 9||HBO||300,000|
|Nov 5, 2016||Manny Pacquiao vs. Jessie Vargas||Pacquiao wins by UD (118–109, 118–109, 114–113)||Top Rank||300,000|
|Nov 19, 2016||Sergey Kovalev vs. Andre Ward||Ward wins by UD (114–113, 114–113, 114–113)||HBO||165,000|
|Mar 18, 2017||Gennady Golovkin vs. Daniel Jacobs||Golovkin wins by UD (115–112, 115–112, 114–113)||HBO||170,000|
|May 6, 2017||Canelo Álvarez vs. Julio César Chávez Jr.||Álvarez wins by UD (120–108, 120–108, 120–108)||HBO||1,000,000|
|Jun 17, 2017||Andre Ward vs. Sergey Kovalev II||Ward wins by TKO in round 8||HBO||130,000|
|Aug 26, 2017||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Conor McGregor||Mayweather Jr. wins by TKO in round 10||Showtime||4,300,000|
|Sep 16, 2017||Canelo Álvarez vs. Gennady Golovkin||Split draw (118–110, 115–113, 114–114)||HBO||1,300,000|
|Sep 15, 2018||Canelo Álvarez vs. Gennady Golovkin II||Álvarez wins by MD (115–113, 114–114, 115–113)||HBO||1,100,000|
|Dec 1, 2018||Deontay Wilder vs. Tyson Fury||Split draw (115–111, 113–113, 114–112)||Showtime||325,000|
|Jan 19, 2019||Manny Pacquiao vs. Adrien Broner||Pacquiao wins by UD (117–111, 116–112, 116–112)||Showtime||400,000|
|Mar 16, 2019||Errol Spence Jr. vs. Mikey Garcia||Spence Jr. wins by UD (120-107, 120-108, 120-108)||Fox||360,000|
Select boxing pay-per-view figures (mainly from Sky Box Office) between 1966 and 2018 - many of these figures are based on BARB weekly viewing data figureswhich estimate the number of viewers, not the number of buys.
|21 May 1966||Muhammad Ali vs. Henry Cooper II||Pay TV||40,000|
|16 March 1996||Frank Bruno vs. Mike Tyson II||Sky Box Office||660,000|
|9 November 1996||Naseem Hamed vs. Remigio Molina||Sky Box Office||420,000|
|8 February 1997||Naseem Hamed vs. Tom Johnson||Sky Box Office||720,000|
|3 May 1997||Naseem Hamed vs. Billy Hardy||Sky Box Office||348,000|
|28 June 1997||Evander Holyfield vs. Mike Tyson II||Sky Box Office||550,000|
|13 March 1999||Evander Holyfield vs. Lennox Lewis||Sky Box Office||400,000|
|29 January 2000||Mike Tyson vs. Julius Francis||Sky Box Office||500,000|
|19 August 2000||Naseem Hamed vs. Augie Sanchez||Sky Box Office||300,000|
|8 June 2002||Lennox Lewis vs. Mike Tyson||Sky Box Office||750,000|
|8 December 2007||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Ricky Hatton||Sky Box Office||1,150,000|
|2 May 2009||Manny Pacquiao vs. Ricky Hatton||Sky Box Office||900,000|
|18 July 2009||Amir Khan vs. Andreas Kotelnik||Sky Box Office||100,000|
|7 November 2009||Nikolai Valuev vs. David Haye||Sky Box Office||469,000|
|3 April 2010||David Haye vs. John Ruiz||Sky Box Office||177,000|
|24 April 2010||Carl Froch vs. Mikkel Kessler||Primetime||50,000|
|18 September 2010||Kell Brook vs. Michael Jennings||Sky Box Office||15,000|
|13 November 2010||David Haye vs. Audley Harrison||Sky Box Office||223,000|
|11 December 2010||Amir Khan vs. Marcos Maidana||Sky Box Office||164,000|
|16 April 2011||Amir Khan vs. Paul McCloskey||Primetime||200,000|
|21 May 2011||George Groves vs. James DeGale||Sky Box Office||43,000|
|2 July 2011||Wladimir Klitschko vs. David Haye||Sky Box Office||1,143,000|
|25 May 2013||Carl Froch vs. Mikkel Kessler II||Sky Box Office||32,000|
|23 November 2013||Carl Froch vs. George Groves||Sky Box Office||47,000|
|31 May 2014||Carl Froch vs. George Groves II||Sky Box Office||355,000|
|30 May 2015||Kell Brook vs. Frankie Gavin||Sky Box Office||139,000|
|2 May 2015||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Manny Pacquiao||Sky Box Office||1,000,000|
|28 November 2015||Wladimir Klitschko vs. Tyson Fury||Sky Box Office||545,000|
|12 December 2015||Anthony Joshua vs. Dillian Whyte||Sky Box Office||420,000|
|27 February 2016||Carl Frampton vs. Scott Quigg||Sky Box Office||220,000|
|9 April 2016||Anthony Joshua vs. Charles Martin||Sky Box Office||500,000|
|25 June 2016||Anthony Joshua vs. Dominic Breazeale||Sky Box Office||512,000|
|10 September 2016||Gennady Golovkin vs. Kell Brook||Sky Box Office||500,000|
|10 December 2016||Anthony Joshua vs. Éric Molina||Sky Box Office||450,000|
|4 February 2017||Chris Eubank Jr. vs. Renold Quinlan||ITV Box Office||86,000|
|4 March 2017||David Haye vs. Tony Bellew||Sky Box Office||890,000|
|29 April 2017||Anthony Joshua vs. Wladimir Klitschko||Sky Box Office||1,532,000|
|27 May 2017||Kell Brook vs. Errol Spence Jr.||Sky Box Office||275,000|
|26 August 2017||Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Conor McGregor||Sky Box Office||874,000|
|28 October 2017||Anthony Joshua vs. Carlos Takam||Sky Box Office||887,000|
|31 March 2018||Anthony Joshua vs. Joseph Parker||Sky Box Office||1,457,000|
|5 May 2018||David Haye vs. Tony Bellew II||Sky Box Office||775,000|
|28 July 2018||Dillian Whyte vs. Joseph Parker||Sky Box Office||474,000|
|22 September 2018||Anthony Joshua vs. Alexander Povetkin||Sky Box Office||1,113,000|
|10 November 2018||Oleksandr Usyk vs. Tony Bellew||Sky Box Office||603,000|
|22 December 2018||Dillian Whyte vs. Dereck Chisora II||Sky Box Office||438,000|
The first pay-per-view mixed martial arts bout was Muhammad Ali vs. Antonio Inoki, which took place in Japan on June 26, 1976. It sold at least 2 million or more buys on closed-circuit theatre TV in the United States. At a ticket price of $10, the fight grossed at least $20 million (inflation-adjusted $90 million) or more from closed-circuit theatre TV revenue in the United States.
The highest buy rates for the UFC as of October 2018 [update] are as follows:
Note: The UFC does not release official PPV statistics, and the following PPV numbers are as reported by industry insiders. As of April 2019, all PPV's are iPPV's, with distribution on the internet exclusively via Disney and BAMTech's streaming service.
|1||Oct 6, 2018||UFC 229: Khabib vs. McGregor||2,400,000||$180 million|
|2||Aug 20, 2016||UFC 202: Diaz vs. McGregor 2||1,650,000||$90 million|
|3||Jul 11, 2009||UFC 100: Lesnar vs. Mir||1,600,000||$82 million|
|4||Mar 5, 2016||UFC 196: McGregor vs. Diaz||1,500,000||$80 million|
|5||Dec 12, 2015||UFC 194: Aldo vs. McGregor||1,400,000||$80 million|
|6||Nov 12, 2016||UFC 205: Alvarez vs. McGregor||1,300,000||$83 million|
|7||Jul 9, 2016||UFC 200: Tate vs. Nunes||1,200,000||$71 million|
|8||Jul 3, 2010||UFC 116: Lesnar vs. Carwin||1,160,000||$55 million|
|9||Nov 15, 2015||UFC 193: Rousey vs. Holm||1,100,000||$60 million|
|10||Dec 30, 2016||UFC 207: Nunes vs. Rousey||1,100,000||$60 million|
|11||Dec 30, 2006||UFC 66: Liddell vs. Ortiz 2||1,050,000||$53 million|
|12||May 29, 2010||UFC 114: Rampage vs. Evans||1,050,000||$51 million|
|13||Oct 23, 2010||UFC 121: Lesnar vs. Velasquez||1,050,000||$45 million|
|14||Dec 28, 2013||UFC 168: Weidman vs. Silva II||1,025,000||$57 million|
|15||Nov 15, 2008||UFC 91: Couture vs. Lesnar||1,010,000||$47 million|
|16||Dec 27, 2008||UFC 92: Evans vs. Griffins||1,000,000||$48 million|
|17||Mar 16, 2013||UFC 158: St-Pierre vs. Diaz||950,000|
|18||Jul 7, 2012||UFC 148: Silva vs. Sonnen II||925,000|
|19||Jan 31, 2009||UFC 94: St-Pierre vs. Penn 2||920,000|
|20||Aug 1, 2015||UFC 190: Rousey vs. Correia||900,000|
|21||Nov 4, 2017||UFC 217: Bisping vs. St-Pierre||875,000|
|22||Jul 29, 2017||UFC 214: Cormier vs. Jones 2||860,000|
|23||Aug 8, 2009||UFC 101: Declaration||850,000|
|24||Jul 11, 2015||UFC 189: Mendes vs. McGregor||825,000|
|25||Apr 30, 2011||UFC 129: St-Pierre vs. Shields||800,000|
|26||Jan 3, 2015||UFC 182: Jones vs. Cormier||800,000|
|27||Dec 11, 2010||UFC 124: St-Pierre vs. Koscheck 2||785,000|
|28||Dec 30, 2011||UFC 141: Lesnar vs. Overeem||780,000|
|29||Mar 27, 2010||UFC 111: St-Pierre vs. Hardy||770,000|
WrestleMania I in March 1985 sold over 1 million buys on closed-circuit theatre TV in the United States, making it the largest pay-per-view showing of a wrestling event in the US at the time.
The highest buy rates for professional wrestling events on pay-per-view home television as of June 2015 [update] are as follows:
|1||Apr 1, 2012||WrestleMania XXVIII||1,300,000|
|2||Apr 1, 2007||WrestleMania 23||1,200,000|
|3||Apr 3, 2005||WrestleMania 21||1,085,000|
|4||Apr 3, 2011||WrestleMania XXVII||1,059,000|
|5||Mar 30, 2008||WrestleMania XXIV||1,058,000|
|6||Apr 7, 2013||WrestleMania 29||1,048,000|
|7||Apr 1, 2001||WrestleMania X-Seven||1,040,000|
|8||Mar 14, 2004||WrestleMania XX||1,007,000|
|9||Apr 2, 2006||WrestleMania 22||975,000|
|10||Apr 5, 2009||WrestleMania XXV||960,000|
|11||Mar 28, 2010||WrestleMania XXVI||885,000|
|12||Mar 17, 2002||WrestleMania X8||880,000|
|13||Apr 2, 2000||WrestleMania 2000||824,000|
|14||Mar 28, 1999||WrestleMania XV||800,000|
|15||Jul 22, 2001||WWF Invasion||770,000|
|16||Apr 2, 1989||WrestleMania V||767,000|
|17||Mar 24, 1991||WrestleMania VII||764,000|
This tables lists the sportsmen who have had the highest pay-per-view sales. It includes sportsmen who have participated in combat sports such as boxing and mixed martial arts as well as sports entertainment such as professional wrestling.
|Sportsman||Total sales||Closed-circuit theatre TV||PPV home television||Years||Sport(s)|
|Mixed martial arts|
|18,370,000||920,000||17,450,000||1988–2005||Professional boxing |
|13,675,000||N/A||13,675,000||2008–2018||Mixed martial arts|
HBO World Championship Boxing was an American sports television series, having premiered on January 22, 1973 that has shown a number of significant boxing events since then.
Floyd Joy Mayweather Jr. is an American professional boxing promoter and former professional boxer. He competed from 1996 to 2007 and 2009 to 2015, and made a one-fight comeback in 2017. During his career, he held multiple world titles in five weight classes and the lineal championship in four weight classes, and retired with an undefeated record. As an amateur, Mayweather won a bronze medal in the featherweight division at the 1996 Olympics, three U.S. Golden Gloves championships, and the U.S. national championship at featherweight.
The cable television network ESPN has occasionally broadcast boxing events over the majority of its history, as part of several arrangements, including contracts with specific promotions and consortiums such as Golden Boy Promotions, Premier Boxing Champions, and Top Rank, as well as Friday Night Fights—a semi-regular series that was broadcast by ESPN and ESPN2 from 1998 through 2015.
Sky Box Office is the name of Sky's pay-per-view (PPV) system operated in the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland. There were three branded divisions of Sky Box Office – Sky Cinema Box Office, Sky Sports Box Office and Sky 3D Box Office. Until 1 February 2011, the system ran under unified Sky Box Office branding. On 4 January 2017, all Sky Cinema Box Office channels ceased broadcasting, with only Sky Sports Box Office remaining available.
Golden Boy Promotions, Inc. is an American boxing and mixed martial arts promotion firm based in Los Angeles, California which was established in 2002 by 10-time world champion Oscar De La Hoya. "Golden Boy" is one of boxing's most active and high-profile promoters, presenting shows worldwide.
Top Rank, Inc. is a boxing promotional company founded by Jabir Herbert Muhammad and Bob Arum, which was incorporated in 1973, and is based in Las Vegas, Nevada.
Oscar De La Hoya vs. Manny Pacquiao, also billed as The Dream Match, was a professional boxing welterweight superfight. The bout took place on December 6, 2008 at the MGM Grand Garden Arena, Las Vegas, Nevada, United States. Pacquiao defeated De La Hoya via technical knockout when De La Hoya decided not to continue with the fight before the start of the ninth round. The card was a co-production of Bob Arum's Top Rank Boxing and De La Hoya's Golden Boy Promotions and was aired live on pay-per-view (PPV) on HBO PPV. The fight is notable for propelling Manny Pacquiao to full-blown superstar status in much of the western world, as Oscar De La Hoya symbolically "passed the torch", so to speak, to Pacquiao.
Manny Pacquiao vs. Ricky Hatton, billed as The Battle of East and West, was a professional boxing match for The Ring magazine's light welterweight championship and IBO super lightweight championship between Manny Pacquiao of General Santos, Philippines and Ricky Hatton of Manchester, United Kingdom. The bout was held on 2 May 2009 at the MGM Grand in Las Vegas, Nevada, United States and drew 1.75 million pay-per-view buys.
Manny Pacquiao vs. Juan Manuel Márquez III, billed as The 25th Round Begins, was a boxing championship bout for the WBO welterweight title. The bout took place on November 12, 2011, at the MGM Grand in Las Vegas, Nevada and was distributed by HBO PPV. The fight also marked a return to HBO for Pacquiao and drew 1.4 million pay-per-view buys.
Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Manny Pacquiao, billed as the Fight of the Century, or the Battle for Greatness, was a professional boxing match between undefeated five-division world champion Floyd Mayweather Jr. and eight-division world champion Manny Pacquiao. It took place on May 2, 2015, at the MGM Grand Garden Arena in Las Vegas, Nevada. Mayweather Jr. won the contest by unanimous decision, with two judges scoring it 116–112 and the other 118–110. Although the fight was considered to be one of the most anticipated sporting events in history, it was largely considered a letdown by critics and audiences alike upon its broadcast.
Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Marcos Maidana, billed as "The Moment", was a boxing welterweight championship fight. The bout was held on May 3, 2014, in the MGM Grand Garden Arena, at the MGM Grand Hotel & Casino in Las Vegas, Nevada, United States, on Showtime PPV.
Premier Boxing Champions (PBC) is a television boxing series organized by Haymon Boxing. The television series seeks primarily to bring renewed mainstream exposure to professional boxing, emphasizing a modern "concert"-like atmosphere, "high-quality" cards, television broadcasts through major networks and cable channels as opposed to pay television and pay-per-view events, and the use of technology to provide enhanced insight to the bouts.
Pacquiao vs. Larios, also billed as Mano-A-Mano and Thrilla in Manila 2, was a professional boxing super featherweight fight held on July 2, 2006 at the Araneta Coliseum, Quezon City, in the Philippines and was a production of ABS-CBN Sports and promoted by Manny Pacquiao Promotions and Golden Boy Promotions. The judges were Humbert Furgoni from France, Daniel van de Wiele from Belgium, and Noppharat Srichharoen from Thailand with referee Bruce McTavish and ring announcer Michael Buffer. It was aired live in free-to-air television network ABS-CBN, worldwide through The Filipino Channel, and through pay per view on In Demand, HBO, DirecTV, and SkyCable. Pacquiao won the fight via unanimous decision, knocking down Larios two times. The three judges scored the fight 117–110, 118–108 and 120–106 all for Pacquiao.
Stephen Espinoza is the President of Showtime Sports.
Manny Pacquiao vs. Jessie Vargas, billed as The Legend/The Champ or Resurgence was a boxing match for the WBO welterweight championship. The event took place on November 5, 2016 at the Thomas & Mack Center in Las Vegas, Nevada. Pacquiao won the fight by unanimous decision and took the WBO welterweight title.
Anthony Joshua vs. Wladimir Klitschko was a professional boxing match contested between Anthony Joshua and Wladimir Klitschko. The event took place on 29 April 2017 at Wembley Stadium in London, England, with Joshua's IBF and the vacant WBA (Super) and IBO heavyweight titles on the line. Joshua, 27, won the match via technical knockout in the 11th round. Klitschko, 41, announced his retirement from boxing a few months after the fight.
Manny Pacquiao vs. Jeff Horn, billed as the Battle of Brisbane, was a boxing match for the WBO welterweight championship, held at Suncorp Stadium in Brisbane, Australia on 2 July 2017. After 12 rounds, Horn won by unanimous decision.
Floyd Mayweather Jr. vs. Conor McGregor, also known as "The Money Fight" and "The Biggest Fight in Combat Sports History", was a professional boxing match between undefeated eleven-time five-division boxing world champion Floyd Mayweather Jr. and two-division mixed martial arts (MMA) world champion and, at the time, UFC Lightweight Champion Conor McGregor. The fight took place at T-Mobile Arena in Paradise, Nevada, on August 26, 2017 at the light-middleweight weight class. It was scheduled for twelve rounds and recorded the second highest pay-per-view buy rate in history.
Manny Pacquiao has competed in professional boxing since 1995. He is the only eight-division world champion in the history of the sport, having won twelve major world titles, as well as being the first boxer to win the lineal championship in five different weight divisions. Pacquiao is also the first boxer in history to win major world titles in four of the original eight weight divisions of boxing, also known as the "glamour divisions": flyweight, featherweight, lightweight, and welterweight. He has held the WBA (Regular) welterweight title since 2018.
Manny Pacquiao vs. Adrien Broner, billed as Return to Vegas was a professional boxing match for the WBA (Regular) welterweight championship. The fight took place on January 19, 2019, at the MGM Grand Garden Arena in Las Vegas, Nevada. The fight sold 400,000 pay-per-view buys in the United States, earning an estimated $30 million in pay-per-view revenue. The bout produced a live gate of $6 million from 11,410 tickets sold. The final attendance was reported to be 13,025.
Teleprompter's main-spring, Irving B. Kahn (he's chairman of the board and president), had a taste of closed circuit operations as early as 1948. That summer, Kahn, then a vice president of 20th Century-Fox, negotiated what was probably the first inter-city closed circuit telecast in history, a pickup of the Joe Louis-Joe Walcott fight.
Noting that many in the arts community have rested their hopes on pay cable, Mr. Jencks recalled that during a pay-TV experiment over WHCT(TV) Hartford, Conn., 96% of all viewing time was devoted to motion pictures and sports events. A single boxing match between Sonny Liston and Muhammad Ali, Mr. Jencks said, attracted nearly four times as many subscribers as the cumulative total of all 50 "educational features" offered by WHCT over a two-year period.
No, if the Ali-Foreman story is just going to be about Race and Religion, forget the millions of dollars this fight can make, forget the shot in the arm this championship bout will give to boxing, forget gigundo grosses from the documentary movies of the fight, the training camps and that three-day black music festival in Zaire, forget that possible total of $100 million in revenues
Soit, pour Don King et ses amis, c'est la fin de leurs dépenses d'énergie pour trouver de l'argent nécessaire pour le coup le plus formidable jamais réalisé dans le show-boxing business et il prévoit une recette pouvant aller de 35 à 100 millions de dollars.
Average BSkyB [...] 1996 [...] 5m [...] 1997 [...] 5.8m [...] UK-based boxing promoter, Frank Warren in June 1997 described championship boxing as: the most honest form of TV [...] Our first match (Bruno v Tyson) created a 14 per cent buy-rate (660 000 subs) even at 5 a.m. 'Judgement Night' got 420 000 subs (9 per cent). The 'Night of Champions' 720,000 buys or 15.5 per cent and the 'Brit Pack' on May 3  achieved a 6 per cent buy rate
TYSON TKOs BRUNO in 5th round on Mar. 16. Revenues $98 million.
A crowd of 31,892, who paid $824,814 and a closed-circuit TV audience of 500,000
Tyson's lowest buy rate was in his first fight with Donovan (Razor) Ruddock, which registered 960,000 buys.