West End theatre

Last updated

West End theatres on Shaftesbury Avenue in 2016 London (44761485915).jpg
West End theatres on Shaftesbury Avenue in 2016
The London Palladium in Soho opened in 1910. While the Theatre has a resident show, it also has one-off performances such as concerts. Since 1930 it has hosted the Royal Variety Performance 43 times. London 2745.JPG
The London Palladium in Soho opened in 1910. While the Theatre has a resident show, it also has one-off performances such as concerts. Since 1930 it has hosted the Royal Variety Performance 43 times.

West End theatre is mainstream professional theatre staged in the large theatres in and near the West End of London. [1] Along with New York City's Broadway theatre, West End theatre is usually considered to represent the highest level of commercial theatre in the English-speaking world. Seeing a West End show is a common tourist activity in London. [1] Famous screen actors, British and international alike, frequently appear on the London stage. [2] [3]

Contents

There are a total of 39 theatres in the West End, with the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane, opened in May 1663, the oldest theatre in London. [4] The Savoy Theatre – built as a showcase for the popular series of comic operas of Gilbert and Sullivan – was entirely lit by electricity in 1881. [5] Opening in October 2022, @sohoplace is the first new West End theatre in 50 years. [6]

The Society of London Theatre (SOLT) announced that 2018 was a record year for the capital's theatre industry with attendances topping 15.5 million for the first time since the organisation began collecting audience data in 1986. Box office revenues exceeded £765 million. [7] While attendance in 2019 was down 1.4% compared to the previous year, box office revenues reached a record £799 million. [8]

The majority of West End theatres are owned by the Ambassador Theatre Group, Delfont Mackintosh Theatres, Nimax Theatres, LW Theatres, and the Nederlander Organization.

History

Theatre in London flourished after the English Reformation. The first permanent public playhouse, known as The Theatre, was constructed in 1576 in Shoreditch by James Burbage. It was soon joined by The Curtain. Both are known to have been used by William Shakespeare's company. In 1599, the timber from The Theatre was moved to Southwark, where it was used in building the Globe Theatre in a new theatre district formed beyond the controls of the City corporation. Regarding theatre as sinful, these theatres were closed in 1642 due to the Puritans who would later influence the interregnum of 1649. [9] [10] On 24 January 1643, the actors protested against the ban by writing a pamphlet titled The Actors remonstrance or complaint for the silencing of their profession, and banishment from their severall play-houses. [11]

Theatre Royal, Drury Lane. Opened in May 1663, it is the oldest theatre in London. Theatre Royal 20130408 023.JPG
Theatre Royal, Drury Lane. Opened in May 1663, it is the oldest theatre in London.

After the Restoration (1660), Puritan legislation was declared null and void, and theatre among other arts exploded. [10] [12] Two companies were licensed to perform, the Duke's Company and the King's Company. Performances were held in converted buildings, such as Lisle's Tennis Court. The first West End theatre, known as Theatre Royal in Bridges Street, was designed by Thomas Killigrew and built on the site of the present Theatre Royal, Drury Lane. [4] It opened on 7 May 1663 and was destroyed by a fire nine years later. It was replaced by a new structure designed by Christopher Wren and renamed the Theatre Royal, Drury Lane. [13] [14] One of the first actresses on the stage, Nell Gwyn became a star of restoration comedy. [15]

Outside the West End, Sadler's Wells Theatre opened in Islington on 3 June 1683. Taking its name from founder Richard Sadler and monastic springs that were discovered on the property, [16] [17] it operated as a "Musick House", with performances of opera; as it was not licensed for plays. In the West End, the Theatre Royal Haymarket opened on 29 December 1720 on a site slightly north of its current location, and the Royal Opera House opened in Covent Garden on 7 December 1732. [18] John Gay's ballad opera The Beggar's Opera ran for 62 performances in 1728, and held the record for London's longest run for nearly a century. It has been called "the most popular play of the eighteenth century." [19] Another musical show, Tom and Jerry, or Life in London (1821), was the first London production to reach 100 consecutive performances. [20] Tom and Jerry's combination of a tour of London interspersed with song and dance, gave rise to numerous similar, loosely constructed entertainments, and "planted the seeds for later musical comedy and revue". [21]

The Patent theatre companies retained their duopoly on drama well into the 19th century, and all other theatres could perform only musical entertainments. By the early 19th century, however, music hall entertainments became popular, and presenters found a loophole in the restrictions on non-patent theatres in the genre of melodrama. Melodrama did not break the Patent Acts, as it was accompanied by music. Initially, these entertainments were presented in large halls, attached to public houses, but purpose-built theatres began to appear in the East End, such as the Pavilion Theatre in Whitechapel. [22] The comic theatrical genre the harlequinade was also popular among London audiences. Its most famous performer, Joseph Grimaldi, best known for developing the modern day white-face clown, made his stage debut at Drury Lane in 1780. [23]

Original interior of Savoy Theatre in 1881, the year it became the first public building in the world to be lit entirely by electricity. Savoy pre-1920.JPG
Original interior of Savoy Theatre in 1881, the year it became the first public building in the world to be lit entirely by electricity.

The West End theatre district became established with the opening of many small theatres and halls, including the Adelphi in The Strand on 17 November 1806. South of the River Thames, the Old Vic, Waterloo Road, opened on 11 May 1818. The expansion of the West End theatre district gained pace with the Theatres Act 1843, which relaxed the conditions for the performance of plays, and The Strand gained another venue when the Vaudeville opened on 16 April 1870. The next few decades saw the opening of many new theatres in the West End.

Gilbert and Sullivan play at the Savoy in 1881 1881 Patience.jpg
Gilbert and Sullivan play at the Savoy in 1881

The Criterion Theatre opened on Piccadilly Circus on 21 March 1874, and in 1881, two more houses appeared: the Savoy Theatre in The Strand, built by Richard D'Oyly Carte specifically to showcase the comic operas of Gilbert and Sullivan, opened on 10 October (the first theatre to be lit by cooler, cleaner electric lights), and five days later the Comedy Theatre opened as the Royal Comedy Theatre on Panton Street in Leicester Square. It abbreviated its name three years later. [14] On 23 December 1886, Alice in Wonderland (the first major production of the Alice books) debuted at the Prince of Wales Theatre. Lewis Carroll attended a performance seven days later. [25] The Palace Theatre opened in 1891. Opened in 1892, the Duke of York's Theatre saw the debut of J. M. Barrie’s play, Peter Pan, or The Boy Who Wouldn't Grow Up , on 27 December 1904. [26]

One of the most popular playwrights in London in the 1890s, Oscar Wilde premiered his second comedy, A Woman of No Importance , at Haymarket Theatre in 1893. The subject of widespread public and media interest, Lillie Langtry (an associate of Wilde) made her West End debut in the comedy She Stoops to Conquer in 1881. [27] In 1878, Ellen Terry joined Henry Irving's company as his leading lady, and for more than the next two decades she was considered the leading Shakespearean and comic actress in Britain. [28] Opened in 1903, the New Theatre debuted The Scarlet Pimpernel in 1905, a play that introduced a heroic figure with an alter ego into the public consciousness. [29] The theatre was renamed the Noël Coward Theatre in 2006 after the playwright Noël Coward. Constructed in 1897, Her Majesty's Theatre hosted a number of premieres, including George Bernard Shaw's Pygmalion in 1914. [30] The theatre building boom continued until about the First World War.

In 1930, Laurence Olivier had his first important West End success in Noël Coward's Private Lives . A number of other actors made their West End debut prior to the Second World War, including John Gielgud, Alec Guinness and Vivien Leigh. During the 1950s and 1960s, many plays were produced in theatre clubs, to evade the censorship then exercised by the Lord Chamberlain's Office. The Theatres Act 1968 finally abolished censorship of the stage in the United Kingdom. [31]

Theatreland

The Lyceum Theatre, home to Disney's The Lion King. Lyceum Theatre 1.jpg
The Lyceum Theatre, home to Disney's The Lion King .

"Theatreland", London's main theatre district, contains approximately 40 venues and is located in and near the heart of the West End of London. It is traditionally defined by the Strand to the south, Oxford Street to the north, Regent Street to the west, and Kingsway to the east, but a few other nearby theatres are also considered "West End" despite being outside the area proper (e.g. The Apollo Victoria Theatre, in Westminster). Prominent theatre streets include Drury Lane, Shaftesbury Avenue and the Strand. The works staged are predominantly musicals, classic and modern straight plays, and comedy performances. [33]

Many theatres in the West End are of late Victorian or Edwardian construction and are privately owned. Many are architecturally impressive, and the largest and best maintained feature grand neo-classical, Romanesque, or Victorian façades and luxurious, detailed interior design and decoration.

Queen's Theatre showing Les Miserables, running in London since October 1985 Queen's Theatre at Night.jpg
Queen's Theatre showing Les Misérables , running in London since October 1985

However, owing to the age of the buildings, leg room is often cramped, and audience facilities such as bars and toilets are often much smaller than in modern theatres. The protected status of the buildings and their confined urban locations, combined with financial constraints, make it very difficult to make substantial improvements to the level of comfort offered. In 2003, the Theatres Trust estimated that an investment of £250 million over the following 15 years was required for modernisation, [34] and stated that 60% of theatres had seats from which the stage was not fully visible. [35] The theatre owners unsuccessfully requested tax concessions to help them meet the costs.

Victoria Palace Theatre (showing Billy Elliot in 2012) was refurbished in 2017. Victoria palace theatre london.JPG
Victoria Palace Theatre (showing Billy Elliot in 2012) was refurbished in 2017.

From 2004 onwards there were several incidents of falling plasterwork, or performances being cancelled because of urgent building repairs being required. These events culminated in the partial collapse of the ceiling of the Apollo Theatre in December 2013. [37] Of these earlier incidents, only one led to people being hurt, [38] but at the Apollo 76 people needed medical treatment for their injuries. [39] A number of West End theatres have undergone refurbishments, including the Victoria Palace Theatre following the run of Billy Elliot in 2016. [36] The Dominion Theatre refurbishment was completed in 2017 with the unveiling of a new double-sided LED screen, the largest and highest resolution projecting screen on the exterior of a West End theatre. [40]

In 2012, gross sales of £529,787,692 were up 0.27% and attendances also increased 0.56% to 13,992,773-year-on-year. [41] In 2013, sales again rose this time by 11% to £585,506,455, [42] with attendances rising to 14,587,276. [43] This was despite slightly fewer performances occurring in 2013. [44]

On 16 March 2020, following government advice due to the COVID-19 pandemic, all theatres in the West End were closed until further notice. [45] Theatres in London were allowed to re-open (with social distancing) on 17 May 2021, with full capacity permitted from 19 July. [46] Opening in October 2022, @sohoplace is the first new West End theatre in 50 years. [6]

Long-running shows

St Martin's Theatre, home to The Mousetrap, the world's longest-running play. StMartins theatre London2.jpg
St Martin's Theatre, home to The Mousetrap , the world's longest-running play.

The length of West End shows depends on ticket sales. The longest-running musical in West End history is Les Misérables , produced by Cameron Mackintosh, which has been running in London since October 1985. It overtook Andrew Lloyd Webber's Cats , which closed in 2002 after running for 8,949 performances and 21 years, as the longest-running West End musical of all time on 9 October 2006. Other long-runners include Lloyd Webber's The Phantom of the Opera, Willy Russell's Blood Brothers , and Abba jukebox musical Mamma Mia! which have also subsequently overtaken Cats. However, the non-musical Agatha Christie play The Mousetrap is the longest-running production in the world, and has been performed continuously since 1952. [47] [48]

Running since 2011, Matilda the Musical , an adaptation of Roald Dahl's Matilda, won a then-record seven Olivier Awards in 2012. [49] Running since 2016, Harry Potter and the Cursed Child , a two-part play written by Jack Thorne based on an original story by J. K. Rowling, won a record-breaking nine Olivier Awards in 2017. [50]

List of West End theatres

TheatreAddressCapacityOwner/OperatorCurrent productionClassificationOpening
date
Closing
date
Adelphi Theatre Strand1500 LW Theatres / Nederlander Organization Back to the Future: The Musical Musical13 September 2021Open-ended
Aldwych Theatre Aldwych1200 Nederlander Organization Tina—The Tina Turner Musical Musical17 April 2018Open-ended
Ambassadors Theatre West Street444 Ambassador Theatre Group My Son's a Queer, (But What Can You Do?) [51] Play25 January 202318 March 2023*
Apollo Theatre Shaftesbury Avenue658 Nimax Theatres Derren Brown - Showman [52] Solo9 December 202219 March 2023*
Apollo Victoria Theatre Wilton Road2328 Ambassador Theatre Group Wicked Musical27 September 2006Open-ended
Arts Theatre Great Newport Street350JJ Goodman Ltd. The Choir of Man [53] Musical13 October 2022Open-ended
Cambridge Theatre Earlham Street1231 LW Theatres Matilda the Musical Musical24 November 2011Open-ended
Criterion Theatre Jermyn Street588Criterion Theatre Trust The Unfriend [54] Play19 January 202316 April 2023*
Dominion Theatre Tottenham Court Road2163 Nederlander Organization Dirty Dancing [55] Musical21 January 202329 April 2023*
Duchess Theatre Catherine Street494 Nimax Theatres The Play That Goes Wrong Play14 September 2014Open-ended
Duke of York's Theatre St. Martin's Lane640 Ambassador Theatre Group Shirley Valentine [56] Play17 February 2023*3 June 2023*
Fortune Theatre Russell Street432 Ambassador Theatre Group The Woman in Black Play7 June 19894 March 2023*
Garrick Theatre Charing Cross Road718 Nimax Theatres Orlando [57] Play5 December 202225 February 2023*
Gielgud Theatre Shaftesbury Avenue994 Delfont Mackintosh Theatres To Kill a Mockingbird [58] Play31 March 202220 May 2023
Gillian Lynne Theatre Drury Lane1118 LW Theatres The Lehman Trilogy [59] Play8 February 2023*20 May 2023*
Harold Pinter Theatre Panton Street796 Ambassador Theatre Group Lemons, Lemons, Lemons, Lemons, Lemons [60] Play31 January 2023*18 March 2018*
Her Majesty's Theatre Haymarket1216 LW Theatres The Phantom of the Opera Musical9 October 1986Open-ended
London Palladium Argyll Street2286 LW Theatres The Wizard of Oz Musical23 June 2023*3 September 2023
Lyceum Theatre Wellington Street2100 Ambassador Theatre Group The Lion King Musical19 October 1999Open-ended
Lyric Theatre Shaftesbury Avenue915 Nimax Theatres 2:22 A Ghost Story [61] Play1 February 2023*23 April 2023*
Noël Coward Theatre St. Martin's Lane960 Delfont Mackintosh Theatres Best of Enemies [62] Play28 November 202218 February 2023*
Novello Theatre Aldwych1146 Delfont Mackintosh Theatres Mamma Mia! Musical6 April 1999Open-ended
Palace Theatre Shaftesbury Avenue1400 Nimax Theatres Harry Potter and the Cursed Child Play25 July 2016Open-ended
Phoenix Theatre Charing Cross Road1012 Ambassador Theatre Group Noises Off [63] Play25 January 202311 March 2023*
Piccadilly Theatre Denman Street1232 Ambassador Theatre Group Moulin Rouge! Musical20 January 2022Open-ended
Playhouse Theatre Craven Street550 Ambassador Theatre Group Cabaret Musical12 December 2021Open-ended
Prince Edward Theatre Old Compton Street1727 Delfont Mackintosh Theatres Ain't Too Proud Musical31 March 2023*Limited engagement
Prince of Wales Theatre Coventry Street1183 Delfont Mackintosh Theatres The Book of Mormon Musical21 March 2013Open-ended
Savoy Theatre Strand1150 Ambassador Theatre Group Pretty Woman: The Musical Musical1 March 2020Open-ended
Shaftesbury Theatre Shaftesbury Avenue1416The Theatre of Comedy Company & Juliet Musical20 November 201925 March 2023*
@sohoplace Soho Place602 Nimax Theatres Medea [64] Play17 February 2023*22 April 2023
Sondheim Theatre Shaftesbury Avenue1074 Delfont Mackintosh Theatres Les Misérables Musical8 October 1985Open-ended
St Martin's Theatre West Street550 Stephen Waley-Cohen The Mousetrap Play25 November 1952Open-ended
Theatre Royal, Drury Lane Catherine Street1996 LW Theatres Frozen Musical8 September 2021Open-ended
Theatre Royal Haymarket Haymarket888 FAE grp Only Fools and Horses The Musical Musical19 February 201929 April 2023*
Trafalgar Theatre Whitehall630Trafalgar Entertainment Group Jersey Boys Musical10 August 2021Open-ended
Vaudeville Theatre Strand690 Nimax Theatres Six Musical29 September 2021Open-ended
Victoria Palace Theatre Victoria Street1602 Delfont Mackintosh Theatres Hamilton Musical21 December 2017Open-ended
Wyndham's Theatre St. Martin's Court799 Delfont Mackintosh Theatres Oklahoma! Play28 February 2023*2 September 2023

Forthcoming productions

The following have been announced as future West End productions. The theatre in which they will run is either not yet known or currently occupied by another show.

ProductionTheatreOpeningClassificationRef
Aspects of Love Lyric Theatre 12 May 2023Musical [65]
Bonnie & Clyde Garrick Theatre 4 March 2023Musical [66]
Crazy For You Gillian Lynne Theatre 3 July 2023Musical [67]
The Great British Bake Off Musical Noël Coward Theatre 25 February 2023Musical [68]
MJ Prince Edward Theatre March 2024Musical [69]
Mrs Doubtfire Shaftesbury Theatre 22 June 2023Musical [70]
Operation Mincemeat Fortune Theatre 29 March 2023Musical [71]
Patriots Noël Coward Theatre 6 June 2023Play [72]
The Pillowman Duke of York's Theatre 10 June 2023Play [73]
Rose Ambassadors Theatre 23 May 2023Play [74]
A Streetcar Named Desire Phoenix Theatre 20 March 2023Play [75]
Unbelievable Criterion Theatre 19 September 2023Magic [76]
Vardy v Rooney: The Wagatha Christie Trial Ambassadors Theatre 6 April 2023Play [77]

London's non-commercial theatres

The exterior of the Old Vic Old Vic theatre London Waterloo.jpg
The exterior of the Old Vic
The Royal Court Theatre. Upstairs is used as an experimental space for new projects--The Rocky Horror Show premiered here in 1973. RoyalDissocia.jpg
The Royal Court Theatre. Upstairs is used as an experimental space for new projects— The Rocky Horror Show premiered here in 1973.

The term "West End theatre" is generally used to refer specifically to commercial productions in Theatreland. However, the leading non-commercial theatres in London enjoy great artistic prestige. These include the National Theatre, the Barbican Centre, Shakespeare's Globe (including the Sam Wanamaker Playhouse), the Old Vic, Royal Court Theatre, Sadler's Wells Theatre, and the Regent's Park Open Air Theatre. These theatres stage a high proportion of straight drama, Shakespeare, other classic plays and premieres of new plays by leading playwrights—David Hare's play Pravda starring Anthony Hopkins was described as "one of the biggest hits in the history of the National Theatre." [79] Successful productions from the non-commercial theatres sometimes transfer to one of the commercial West End houses for an extended run.

The Royal Opera House is widely regarded as one of the greatest opera houses in the world, comparable with the Palais Garnier and La Scala. Commonly known simply as Covent Garden due to its location, it is home to the Royal Opera, Royal Ballet and a resident symphony orchestra, and hosts guest performances from other leading opera, ballet and performance companies from around the world. In 1735 its first season of operas, by George Frideric Handel, began and many of his English oratorios were specifically written for Covent Garden and had their premieres here. [80]

Likewise, the London Coliseum is the resident home to the English National Opera. The theatre is also the London base for performances by the English National Ballet, who perform regular seasons throughout the year when not on tour.

The Peacock Theatre is located on the edge of the Theatreland area. Now owned by the London School of Economics and Political Science, it is used in the evenings for dance performances by Sadler's Wells, who manage the theatre on behalf of the school.

Other London theatres

There is a great number of stage productions in London outside the West End. Much of this is known as fringe theatre (referred to as Off West End) which is the equivalent of off-Broadway and off-off-Broadway theatre in New York City. Among these are the Bush Theatre and the Donmar Warehouse. Fringe venues range from well-equipped small theatres to rooms above pubs, and the performances range from classic plays, to cabaret, to plays in the languages of London's ethnic minorities. The performers range from emerging young professionals to amateurs.

There are many theatres located throughout Greater London, such as the Lyric Hammersmith, Theatre Royal Stratford East, Rose Theatre, Kingston, New Wimbledon Theatre, the Rudolf Steiner Theatre in Westminster, the Ashcroft Theatre in Croydon, Secombe Theatre in Sutton and the Churchill Theatre in Bromley.

London theatres outside the West End also played an important role in the early history of drama schools. In 1833, actress Frances Maria Kelly managed the Royal Strand Theatre in Westminster where she funded and operated a dramatic school, the earliest record of a drama school in England. [81] In 1840 she financed the Royalty Theatre in Soho which opened as Miss Kelly's Theatre and Dramatic School. [82]

Awards

"Theatre is such an important part of British history and British culture"

—Dame Helen Mirren after receiving the Evening Standard Award in 2013 for her performance as the Queen in The Audience . [83]

There are a number of annual awards for outstanding achievements in London theatre:

See also

Notes

  1. 1 2 Christopher Innes, "West End" in The Cambridge Guide to Theatre (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1998), pp. 1194–1195, ISBN   0-521-43437-8
  2. "Stars on stage". London theatre. Retrieved 23 June 2015
  3. Orlova-Alvarez, Tamara; Alvarez, Joe (30 January 2019). "John Malkovich Is Coming To West End". Ikon London Magazine. Archived from the original on 30 January 2019. Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  4. 1 2 3 "London's 10 oldest theatres" . The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 January 2022. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  5. "Shakespeare's indoor Globe to glow by candlelight". The Guardian. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  6. 1 2 "London's West End gets first purpose-built theatre in 50 years". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 July 2022.
  7. "2018 BOX OFFICE FIGURES RELEASED BY SOCIETY OF LONDON THEATRE AND UK THEATRE". Society of London Theatre . March 2019.
  8. "New Figures Reveal West End Theatre is Thriving". London Box Office. February 2020.
  9. Milling, Jane; Thomson, Peter (23 November 2004). The Cambridge History of British Theatre. Cambridge University Press. p. 439. ISBN   978-0-521-65040-3.
  10. 1 2 "From pandemics to puritans: when theatre shut down through history and how it recovered". The Stage.co.uk. Retrieved 17 December 2020.
  11. The Actors remonstrance or complaint for the silencing for their profession, and banishment from their severall play-houses . Early English Books Online. 24 January 1643.
  12. "When Christmas carols were banned". BBC. Retrieved 11 March 2022.
  13. "London's Vibrant West End Theatre SCENE". TheatreHistory.com. Retrieved 17 January 2010.
  14. 1 2 "London pub trivia – Ten oldest London theatres". Timeout London. 12 December 2006. Archived from the original on 3 December 2008. Retrieved 17 January 2010.
  15. Howe, Elizabeth (1992). The First English Actresses: Women and Drama, 1660–1700 . Cambridge University Press. p. 66.
  16. "London's Lost Tea-Gardens: I". Story of London. Archived from the original on 27 August 2009. Retrieved 17 January 2010.
  17. "Sadler's Wells Theatre". LondonTown.com. Retrieved 17 January 2010.
  18. "Royal Opera House". Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved 1 June 2020.
  19. Carlson, Marvin (1975). "A Fresh Look at Hogarth's 'Beggar's Opera'". Educational Theatre Journal. 27 (1): 31–39. doi:10.2307/3206338. JSTOR   3206338.
  20. Parker, John, ed. (1925). Who's Who in the Theatre (fifth ed.). London: Sir Isaac Pitman and Sons. p. 1196. OCLC   10013159.
  21. "Tom and Jerry; or, Life in London". The Oxford Companion to American Theatre. Oxford University Press. 2004. ISBN   978-0-19-516986-7.
  22. Davis, Jim; Emeljanow, Victor (1 April 2005). Reflecting the Audience: London Theatregoing, 1840-1880. University of Iowa Press. pp. 55–70. ISBN   978-1-58729-402-0 . Retrieved 25 November 2016.
  23. "The Pantomime Life of Joseph Grimaldi: Laughter, Madness and the Story of Britain's Greatest Comedian". The Times. Retrieved 6 April 2022.
  24. "The Savoy Theatre", The Times , 3 October 1881
  25. Carroll, Lewis (1979). The Letters of Lewis Carroll, Volumes 1–2. Oxford University Press. p. 657. Dec. 30th.—To London with M—, and took her to "Alice in Wonderland," Mr. Savile Clarke's play at the Prince of Wales's Theatre... as a whole, the play seems a success.
  26. "Mr Barrie's New Play. A Christmas Fairy Tale". The Glasgow Herald. 28 December 1904. p. 7. Retrieved 20 August 2020.
  27. "Lillie Langtry British actress". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  28. "Famous People – Ellen Terry". BBC. Retrieved 3 March 2022.
  29. Markowitz, Judith A. (2019). Robots That Kill: Deadly Machines and Their Precursors in Myth, Folklore, Literature, Popular Culture and Reality. McFarland. p. 105.
  30. Herbert Beerbohm Tree. Archived 2 December 2007 at the Wayback Machine PeoplePlayUK, accessed 12 February 2008.
  31. "Theatres Act 1968". www.legislation.gov.uk
  32. "1.8 million views of Lion King". Theatre Views Newsletter. October 2011. Retrieved 9 May 2012.
  33. Michael Billington "Snooty about musicals? Sheila Hancock should change her tune", The Guardian. (blog), 16 March 2001
  34. Giles Worsley "Falling Houses", The Daily Telegraph, 6 December 2003
  35. Michael Billington "Crisis in the West End", The Guardian, 2 August 2007
  36. 1 2 "Victoria Palace Theatre". Time Out. Retrieved 24 July 2022.
  37. Sarah Jane Griffiths "How safe is London's Theatreland?", BBC News, 20 December 2013
  38. At the Theatre Royal Haymarket in 2004, 15 people were injured when part of the ceiling fell on to them; see the Sarah Jane Griffiths article above.
  39. Alice Philipson, and Andrew Marszal "Apollo Theatre ceiling in London's West End collapses: scores injured", The Daily Telegraph, 20 December
  40. "The Dominion Theatre, home to An American in Paris, completes £6M refurbishment". mr.carlwoodward.com. 7 August 2017. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  41. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 12 June 2013. Retrieved 29 January 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  42. Singh, Anita (29 January 2014). "West End audiences hit record high thanks to Twitter" . The Daily Telegraph. Archived from the original on 11 January 2022. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  43. "West End Theatre Ticket Sales at Record High". Sky (United Kingdom). 29 January 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  44. "West End Has Another Record Year, With Increases in Both Attendance and Revenue". Playbill. 29 January 2014. Archived from the original on 1 February 2014. Retrieved 29 January 2014.
  45. "Theatre closures to help slow the spread of Coronavirus". UK Theatre. 16 March 2020. Retrieved 28 April 2020.
  46. "Theatres will be allowed to open at full capacity on 19th July". Planet Radio. Retrieved 5 March 2022.
  47. "Agatha Christie's: The Mousetrap". St. Martin's Theatre. Archived from the original on 26 June 2012. Retrieved 27 November 2019. Here you will find all the information you need about the longest running show, of any kind, in the world.
  48. "The Mousetrap at 60: why is this the world's longest-running play?". The Guardian. Retrieved 24 July 2022.
  49. "Matilda musical breaks Olivier awards record". BBC . 15 April 2012. Retrieved 6 July 2022.
  50. "Olivier Awards: Harry Potter and the Cursed Child wins record nine prizes". BBC. 9 April 2017. Retrieved 6 July 2022.
  51. "My Son's a Queer, (But what can you do?) to return to the West End for longer season at new venue | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 21 December 2022.
  52. "Derren Brown's Showman to run in the West End | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 16 June 2022.
  53. "The Choir of Man to return to the West End | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 4 April 2022.
  54. "The Unfriend to transfer to the West End | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 21 September 2022.
  55. "Dirty Dancing to return to the West End | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 8 June 2022.
  56. "Sheridan Smith to star in West End Shirley Valentine | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 12 December 2022.
  57. "Orlando with Emma Corrin in the West End announces dates and venue | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 20 August 2022.
  58. Thomas, Sophie (26 March 2021). "Rafe Spall to play Atticus Finch in 'To Kill a Mockingbird' with new 2022 opening date". London Theatre Guide. Retrieved 21 May 2021.
  59. "The Lehman Trilogy sets dates and theatre for West End return | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 13 July 2022.
  60. "Aidan Turner and Jenna Coleman to star in drama about a word-rationed world". the Guardian. 8 November 2022. Retrieved 8 November 2022.
  61. Thomas, Sophie (19 October 2022). "'2:22 - A Ghost Story' to move to fourth West End theatre". London Theatre. Retrieved 24 October 2022.
  62. "Zachary Quinto to make West End debut in Best of Enemies alongside David Harewood | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 5 September 2022.
  63. "Noises Off to open in the West End in 2023 | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 24 October 2022.
  64. Al-Hassan, Aliya. "Sophie Okonedo and Ben Daniels to star in MEDEA @sohoplace". BroadwayWorld.com. Retrieved 20 October 2022.
  65. "Michael Ball to star in Aspects of Love West End revival | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 5 October 2022.
  66. "Bonnie and Clyde to return to the West End at new venue | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 25 October 2022.
  67. Bamigboye, Baz (1 December 2022). "Broadway's Susan Stroman Wants London To Go Wild Over 'Crazy For You' Again – This Time With West End Star Charlie Stemp". Deadline. Retrieved 1 December 2022.
  68. "Bake Off the Musical heading for London's West End". Channel 4 News. 18 October 2022. Retrieved 18 October 2022.
  69. "MJ to open in the West End | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 17 October 2022.
  70. "Mrs Doubtfire musical announces West End run | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 15 November 2022.
  71. "Operation Mincemeat secures West End transfer | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 12 December 2022.
  72. "Patriots to transfer to the West End | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 20 August 2022.
  73. "Lily Allen and Steve Pemberton to lead The Pillowman in the West End | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 9 November 2022.
  74. "Rose starring Maureen Lipman to transfer to the West End | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 25 January 2023.
  75. Bamigboye, Baz; Bamigboye, Baz (24 January 2023). "'A Streetcar Named Desire' With Oscar Nominee Paul Mescal Racing To West End As Ridley Scott Delays 'Gladiator 2' Start Date". Deadline. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  76. "Derren Brown Presents - Unbelievable". unbelievablelive.com. Retrieved 24 January 2023.
  77. "Vardy v Rooney: The Wagatha Christie Trial announces 2023 West End run | WhatsOnStage". www.whatsonstage.com. Retrieved 12 December 2022.
  78. "Rocky Horror Show opens in London – archive, 1973". The Guardian. Retrieved 2 July 2022.
  79. Lee, Alex Sierz and Marc (25 August 2006). "Return to the street of shame". The Telegraph. Retrieved 2 April 2022.
  80. "G. F. Handel's Compositions". The Handel Institute. Archived from the original on 24 September 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2021.
  81. Burwick, Frederick (2015). British Drama of the Industrial Revolution. Cambridge University Press. p. 46.
  82. An earlier theatre, also named the Royalty, existed in Wells Street, Wellclose Square, London from 1787 until the early part of the nineteenth century. See Wilmot-Buxton, Harry John. "William Clarkson Stanfield", Chapter IX, English Painters, Sampson Low, Marston, Searle & Rivington (1883), accessed 22 November 2013
  83. "Dame Helen Mirren wins Standard award for The Audience". BBC. Retrieved 13 November 2016.

Coordinates: 51°30′41″N0°07′41″W / 51.51139°N 0.12806°W / 51.51139; -0.12806

Related Research Articles

Jill Halfpenny is an English actress. Her notable roles include Rebecca Hopkins in ITV soap opera Coronation Street (1999–2000), Kate Mitchell in BBC One soap opera EastEnders (2002–2005), Izzie Redpath in Waterloo Road (2006–2007), and Diane Manning in In The Club (2014–2016). She won the second series of the television dance contest Strictly Come Dancing in 2004.

<i>Singin in the Rain</i> (musical) 1983 stage musical adapted from the 1952 film if the same name

Singin' in the Rain is a stage musical with story by Betty Comden and Adolph Green, lyrics by Arthur Freed, and music by Nacio Herb Brown. Adapted from the 1952 movie of the same name, the plot closely adheres to the original. Set in Hollywood in the waning days of the silent screen era, it focuses on romantic lead Don Lockwood, his sidekick Cosmo Brown, aspiring actress Kathy Selden, and Lockwood's leading lady Lina Lamont, whose less-than-dulcet vocal tones make her an unlikely candidate for stardom in talking pictures.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jenna Russell</span> British actress

Jenna Russell is an English actress and singer. She has appeared on the stage in London in both musicals and dramas, as well as appearing with the Royal Shakespeare Company. She performed the role of Dot in Sunday in the Park with George in the West End and on Broadway, receiving the Tony Award nomination and the 2006 Olivier Award for Best Actress in a Musical for her role. She has also appeared in several television series, including Born and Bred and EastEnders.

Tracie Bennett is an English singer and stage and television actress. She trained at the Italia Conti Academy of Theatre Arts in Clapham, London. She played the role of Sharon Gaskell in Coronation Street from 1982 to 1984, returning to the role in 1999 and again in 2021.

Nick Winston is an internationally renowned English director and choreographer working in theatre, opera and film.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Summer Strallen</span> British actress (b. 1985)

Summer Peta Vaigncourt-Strallen is an English actress who has performed various roles on stage and screen. Her most notable theatre credits include Meg Giry in the West End production of Love Never Dies and Maria von Trapp in Andrew Lloyd Webber's revival of The Sound of Music at the London Palladium.

Adam Cooper is an English actor, choreographer, dancer and theatre director. He works as both a performer and choreographer in musical theatre, and has choreographed and/or starred in award-winning shows such as On Your Toes, Singin' in the Rain and Grand Hotel. He began his professional career as a dancer of classical ballet and contemporary ballet and is a former Principal of the Royal Ballet, a major international ballet company based in London. He became internationally recognized for creating the lead role of Swan/Stranger in Matthew Bourne's contemporary dance production of the ballet Swan Lake, a role that was briefly featured in the 2000 film Billy Elliot where Cooper played the adult version of the titular character.

The WhatsOnStage Awards, formerly known as the Theatregoers' Choice Awards, are organised by the theatre website WhatsOnStage.com. The awards recognise performers and productions of British theatre with an emphasis on London's West End theatre.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hannah Waddingham</span> English actress

Hannah Waddingham is a British actress and singer. She is best known for playing Rebecca Welton in the comedy series Ted Lasso (2020–present), for which she won the Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series in 2021 and the Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Supporting Actress in a Comedy Series in 2021 and 2022. She has also appeared in a number of West End shows, including Spamalot, the 2010 Regent's Park revival of Into the Woods, and The Wizard of Oz as the Wicked Witch of the West; and has received three Olivier Award nominations for her work.

Jamie Lloyd is a British director, best known for his work with his eponymous theatre company.

Lesli Margherita is an American stage and screen actress. She is best known for originating the roles of Inez in the musical Zorro, for which she won a Laurence Olivier Award, and Mrs. Wormwood in the Broadway cast of Matilda the Musical.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Kyle Soller</span> American actor (born 1983)

Kyle William Soller is an American film, stage, and television actor. His accolades include one Olivier Award, and three Evening Standard Theatre Awards.

<i>Top Hat</i> (musical)

Top Hat the Musical is a 2011 stage musical based on the 1935 film of the same name, featuring music and lyrics by Irving Berlin with additional orchestration by Chris Walker. The show opened on 16 August 2011 at the Milton Keynes Theatre, touring the United Kingdom before transferring to the Aldwych Theatre in London's West End. Top Hat won multiple 2013 Laurence Olivier Awards after receiving seven nominations. The musical closed in London on 26 October 2013, with a UK and Ireland tour commencing in August 2014.

<i>Sunny Afternoon</i> (musical)

Sunny Afternoon is a jukebox musical with music and lyrics by Ray Davies and a book by Joe Penhall. Based on the formation and career of the English rock band The Kinks, the musical was commissioned and produced by Sonia Friedman and made its world premiere in 2014 at the Hampstead Theatre, London, before transferring to the West End's Harold Pinter Theatre. Featuring songs by The Kinks, Sunny Afternoon includes their hits such as "Lola", "Waterloo Sunset", "You Really Got Me" and the musical's title song, "Sunny Afternoon".

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Rosalie Craig</span> English actress (born 1981)

Rosalie Mae Craig is an English actress, noted for her performances in musical theatre. In 2013 she received her first major award, a London Evening Standard Award for Best Performance in a Musical.

Sylphide Charity Vaigncourt-Strallen, known professionally as Zizi Strallen, is a British actress, singer and dancer best known for playing Mary Poppins in the Cameron Mackintosh theatrical production of Mary Poppins.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Christine Allado</span> Filipina-British actress and singer

Christine Marie Allado is a Filipina-British actress and singer. She is best known for her performance in the role of Peggy Schuyler and Maria Reynolds in the multi Tony and Olivier award-winning West End Production of Hamilton: An American Musical and for starring as Vanessa in the multi Olivier award-winning West End production of In The Heights, both by Lin Manuel Miranda. Her television credits include starring in the BBC's 60th anniversary production of West Side Story as the lead role of Maria and Jasmine in Hallmark Channel's TV film Royal Hearts, as Agent Beverly Walker for The Accidental Spy. She is currently starring in “The Prince of Egypt” musical at the Dominion Theatre in the West End.

The Off West End Theatre Awards, nicknamed The Offies, were launched in 2010 to recognise and celebrate excellence, innovation and ingenuity of independent Off West End theatres across London. Over 80 theatres participate in the awards, with more than 400 productions being considered annually by a team of 40 assessors, with the winners chosen by a select panel of critics.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Courtney Bowman</span> English stage actress and singer

Courtney Bowman is an English stage actress and singer. She originated the role of Fatimah in Everybody's Talking About Jamie at the Crucible and Apollo Theatre. She played Anne Boleyn in Six at the Arts Theatre, Lyric Theatre and Vaudeville Theatre and Elle Woods in Legally Blonde at the Regent's Park Open Air Theatre. Bowman currently stars in Pretty Woman: The Musical as Kit De Luca at the Savoy Theatre.

Miriam-Teak Lee is an English actress. She is known for her role as Juliet Capulet in & Juliet, for which she won a 2020 Laurence Olivier Award for Best Actress in a Leading Role in a Musical.