Order of the Companions of Honour

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Order of the Companions of Honour
CHCompanionofHonour.jpg
Riband and badge of the "Companions of Honour"
Awarded by the sovereign of the Commonwealth realms
Type Order
Established4 June 1917
MottoIn Action Faithful and in Honour Clear
Awarded forNationally important service
StatusCurrently constituted
Sovereign Queen Elizabeth II
GradesCompanion (CH)
Order of the Companions of Honour Ribbon.gif
Ribbon bar of the order
Lord Tweedsmuir, as Governor General of Canada, wearing the Companion of Honour badge around his neck Btweedsmuir2.jpg
Lord Tweedsmuir, as Governor General of Canada, wearing the Companion of Honour badge around his neck

The Order of the Companions of Honour is an order of the Commonwealth realms. It was founded on 4 June 1917 by King George V as a reward for outstanding achievements and is "conferred upon a limited number of persons for whom this special distinction seems to be the most appropriate form of recognition, constituting an honour disassociated either from the acceptance of title or the classification of merit." [1]

Contents

Founded on the same date as the Order of the British Empire, [1] it is sometimes regarded as the junior order to the Order of Merit. [2] Now described as "awarded for having a major contribution to the arts, science, medicine, or government lasting over a long period of time", [3] the first recipients were all decorated for "services in connection with the war" and were listed in The London Gazette . [4] The Chapel Royal at Hampton Court is now the Chapel of the Order. [5]

Composition

The order consists of the Sovereign and a maximum 65 members. Additionally, foreigners or Commonwealth citizens from outside the Commonwealth realms may be added as honorary members. Membership confers no title or precedence, but those inducted into the single-class order are entitled to use the post-nominal letters CH. Appointments can be made on the advice of Commonwealth realm prime ministers. [2] For Canadians, the advice to the Sovereign can come from a variety of officials. [6]

Originally, the order was limited to 50 ordinary members, but in 1943 it was enlarged to 65, with a quota of 45 members for the United Kingdom, seven for Australia, two each for New Zealand and South Africa, and nine for India, Burma, and the other British colonies. The quota numbers were altered in 1970 to 47 for the United Kingdom, seven for Australia, two for New Zealand, and nine for other Commonwealth realms. The quota was adjusted again in 1975 by adding two places to the New Zealand quota and reducing the nine for the other countries to seven. [7]

While still able to nominate candidates to the Order, the Cabinet of Australia has effectively stopped the allocation of this award to that country's citizens in preference to other Australian honours. Margaret MacMillan, a Canadian historian, was given the award in 2017. Dame Kiri Te Kanawa, a New Zealand soprano, was given the award in 2018. Margaret Atwood, a Canadian author, was appointed in 2019.

Insignia

The insignia of the order is in the form of an oval medallion, surmounted by an imperial crown, and with a rectangular panel within, depicting on it an oak tree, a shield with the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom hanging from one branch, and, on the left, a mounted knight in armour. The insignia's blue border bears in gold letters the motto IN ACTION FAITHFUL AND IN HONOUR CLEAR, Alexander Pope's description (in iambic pentameter) in his Epistle to Mr Addison of James Craggs, later used on Craggs' monument in Westminster Abbey. Men wear the badge on a neck ribbon (red with golden border threads) and women on a bow at the left shoulder.

Current Companions

Member number [n 1] NamePost-nominalsKnown forDate of appointmentAge
01 (237) Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg Sir Michael Somare GCL, GCMG, CH, PC Former Prime Minister of Papua New Guinea 3 June 197884
02 (246) Flag of Australia (converted).svg Doug Anthony AC , CH , PC Former Deputy Prime Minister of Australia 31 December 198190
03 (267) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord Tebbit CH , PC Politician31 July 198789
04 (270) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord Baker of Dorking CH , PC Politician13 April 199285
05 (271) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord Brooke of Sutton Mandeville CH , PC Politician13 April 199286
06 (278) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord King of Bridgwater CH , PC Politician13 April 199287
07 (282) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Dame Janet Baker CH , DBE Opera singer31 December 199386
08 (287) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord Owen CH , PC Politician11 June 199481
09 (289) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sir David Attenborough OM , CH , CVO , CBE Broadcaster and naturalist30 December 199594
10 (291) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord Hurd of Westwell CH , CBE , PC Politician30 December 199590
11 (294) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg David Hockney OM , CH Artist14 June 199782
12 (296) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord Heseltine CH , PC Politician2 August 199787
13 (297) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord Patten of Barnes CH , PC Politician and former Governor of Hong Kong 31 December 199776
14 (298) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Peter Brook CH , CBE Theatre director13 June 199895
15 (299) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sir John Major KG , CH , PC Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom 31 December 199877
16 (300) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Bridget Riley CH , CBE Artist31 December 199889
17 (305) Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg John de Chastelain CC , CMM , CD , CH Canadian general and diplomat31 December 199882
18 (311) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sir Harrison Birtwistle CH Composer30 December 200085
19 (316) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg James Lovelock CH , CBE , FRS Scientist and environmentalist31 December 2002100
20 (317) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Dan McKenzie CH , FRS Geophysicist14 June 200378
21 (318) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord Hannay of Chiswick GCMG , CH Diplomat14 June 200374
22 (320) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Dame Judi Dench CH , DBE Actress11 June 200585
23 (321) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sir Ian McKellen CH , CBE Actor31 December 200781
24 (322) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord Rogers of Riverside CH , FRIBA , FREng , RA Architect14 June 200886
25 (323) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord Howard of Lympne CH , QC , PC Politician11 June 201178
26 (324) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord Young of Cookham Bt , CH , PC Politician20 September 201278
27 (325) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord Coe CH , KBE Athlete, politician and organiser of 2012 Olympics 29 December 201263
28 (326) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Peter Higgs CH , FRS Physicist29 December 201291
29 (327) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord Strathclyde CH , PC Politician7 January 201360
30 (328) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord Campbell of Pittenweem CH , CBE , PC , QC Politician15 June 201379
31 (329) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sir Nicholas Serota CH Curator15 June 201374
32 (331) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Baroness O'Neill of Bengarve CH , CBE , FBA , FRS , FMedSci Philosopher31 December 201378
33 (332) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Dame Maggie Smith CH , DBE Actress14 June 201485
34 (333) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Kenneth Clarke CH , QC , PC Politician22 July 201479
35 (336) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Lady Mary Peters LG , CH , DBE Athlete1 January 201580
36 (337) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord Young of Graffham CH , PC , DL Politician1 January 201588
37 (339) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord Woolf CH , PC , FBA , FMedSci Judge12 June 201587
38 (341) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sir Roy Strong CH , FRSL Art historian and museum director1 January 201684
39 (343) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord Smith of Kelvin KT , CH Businessman11 June 201675
40 (344) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Baroness Amos CH , PC Politician and diplomat11 June 201666
41 (345) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg George Osborne CH , PC Politician and former Chancellor of the Exchequer 4 August 201649
42 (347) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sir Richard Eyre CH , CBE Director31 December 201677
43 (348) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Dame Evelyn Glennie CH , DBE Percussionist31 December 201654
44 (349) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sir Alec Jeffreys CH , FRS Geneticist31 December 201670
45 (351) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Baroness Williams of Crosby CH , PC Politician31 December 201689
46 (352) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sir Terence Conran CH Designer17 June 201788
47 (353) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sir Mark Elder CH , CBE Conductor17 June 201773
48 (354) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Dame Beryl Grey CH , DBE Dancer17 June 201793
49 (355) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sir Paul McCartney CH , MBE Musician17 June 201778
50 (356) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg J. K. Rowling CH , OBE Author17 June 201754
51 (357) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Dame Stephanie Shirley CH , DBE , FREng Entrepreneur and philanthropist17 June 201786
52 (358) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Delia Smith CH , CBE Cook and writer17 June 201779
53 (359) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord Stern of Brentford Kt, CH , FRS , FBA Economist17 June 201774
54 (361) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg The Lord Bragg CH , FRS , FBA , FRSL Broadcaster30 December 201780
55 (362) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Lady Antonia Fraser CH , DBE , FRSL Author30 December 201787
56 (363) Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Margaret MacMillan CC , CH Historian30 December 201776
57 (364) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Richard Henderson CH , FRS , FMedSci Biologist9 June 201874
58 (365) Flag of New Zealand.svg Dame Kiri Te Kanawa ONZ , CH , DBE , AC Soprano9 June 201876
59 (366) Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Margaret Atwood CC , OOnt , CH , FRSC , FRSL Author29 December 201880
60 (367) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sir Patrick McLoughlin CH , PC Politician10 September 201962
61 (368) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sir Elton John CH , CBE Musician28 December 201973
62 (369) Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Sir Keith Thomas CH , FBA , FLSW , FRHistS Historian28 December 201987
63 (-)
64 (-)
65 (-)

Honorary Companions

Member numberNamePost-nominalsKnown forDate of appointmentAge
1 (261) Flag of India.svg Amartya Sen CH , FBA Economist11 May 200086
2 (304) Flag of the Netherlands.svg Bernard Haitink CH , KBE Conductor12 June 200291
3 (340) Flag of South Africa.svg Desmond Tutu CH Social rights activist and clergyman30 November 201588

See also

Notes

  1. The number shown in brackets is the individual's place in the wider sequence of appointment since the Order's inception.

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References

  1. 1 2 "A New Order" . The Times . 25 August 1917. p. 7.
  2. 1 2 "The Monarch of the Today > Queen Ann arbor to the new one w public > Honours > Companions of Honour". Royal.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 23 December 2011. Retrieved 3 December 2011.
  3. "The honours system: Types of honours and awards". UK Government. 22 August 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  4. "No. 30250". The London Gazette (Supplement). 24 August 1917. p. 8799.
  5. http://www.gettyimages.co.uk/event/the-queen-duke-of-edinburgh-attend-evensong-in-celebration-of-the-centenary-of-the-order-of-the-companions-of-honour-700063722#dame-judi-dench-arrives-to-attend-evensong-at-the-chapel-royal-court-picture-id695723388
  6. McCreery, Christopher (2005a). The Canadian Honours System. Toronto: Dundurn Press. p. 100. ISBN   978-1-55002-554-5.
  7. Rayment, Leigh. "Companions of Honour". Archived from the original on 26 September 2008. Retrieved 7 December 2013.