The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, established in 1983 and located in Cleveland, Ohio, United States, is dedicated to recording the history of some of the best-known and most influential musicians, bands, producers, and others that have in some major way influenced the music industry, particularly in the area of rock and roll.Originally, there were four categories of induction: performers, non-performers, early influences, and lifetime achievement. In 2000, "sidemen" was introduced as a category.
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, located on the shore of Lake Erie in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, recognizes and archives the history of the best-known and most influential artists, producers, engineers, and other notable figures who have had some major influence on the development of rock and roll. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Foundation was established on April 20, 1983, by Atlantic Records founder and chairman Ahmet Ertegun. In 1986, Cleveland was chosen as the Hall of Fame's permanent home.
Cleveland is a major city in the U.S. state of Ohio, and the county seat of Cuyahoga County. The city proper has a population of 388,072, making it the 51st-largest city in the United States, and the second-largest city in Ohio. Greater Cleveland is ranked as the 32nd-largest metropolitan area in the U.S., with 2,055,612 people in 2016. The city anchors the Cleveland–Akron–Canton Combined Statistical Area, which had a population of 3,515,646 in 2010 and is ranked 15th in the United States.
Rock and roll is a genre of popular music that originated and evolved in the United States during the late 1940s and early 1950s from musical styles such as gospel, jump blues, jazz, boogie woogie, and rhythm and blues, along with country music. While elements of what was to become rock and roll can be heard in blues records from the 1920s and in country records of the 1930s, the genre did not acquire its name until 1954.
The only category that has seen new inductees every single year is the performers category. Artists become eligible for induction in that category 25 years after the release of their first record. As of 2017 [update] , new inductees will be honored at an annual ceremony held alternately in New York and at the Hall of Fame in Cleveland; prior to that, the ceremonies rotated between Cleveland, New York, and Los Angeles.In order to be inducted, an artist must be nominated by a committee that selects anywhere from nine to a dozen candidates. Ballots are then sent to 600 "rock experts" who evaluate the candidates and vote on who should be inducted. The performers that receive the highest number of votes and more than 50 percent of the vote are inducted. In 2010, the number inducted was five. The rest of the categories are voted on by special committees.
A ballot is a device used to cast votes in an election, and may be a piece of paper or a small ball used in secret voting. It was originally a small ball used to record decisions made by voters.
The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame has garnered criticism for allegedly allowing the nomination process to be controlled by a few individuals,nominating too many artists in too many genres that are not entirely rock, ignoring entire rock genres, sing technicalities to induct groups who may not have been among the top vote getters, The Sex Pistols, who were inducted in 2006, refused to attend the ceremony; John Lydon writing a note, read out by Jann Wenner, calling the museum a "piss stain." and for not honoring artists who sweep the Big Three major music awards in one season (American Music, Grammy, and Billboard Music Award), regardless of when their first hit record was.
Genre is any form or type of communication in any mode with socially-agreed upon conventions developed over time. Genre is most popularly known as a category of literature, music, or other forms of art or entertainment, whether written or spoken, audio or visual, based on some set of stylistic criteria, yet genres can be aesthetic, rhetorical, communicative, or functional. Genres form by conventions that change over time as cultures invent new genres and discontinue the use of old ones. Often, works fit into multiple genres by way of borrowing and recombining these conventions. Stand-alone texts, works, or pieces of communication may have individual styles, but genres are amalgams of these texts based on agreed-upon or socially inferred conventions. Some genres may have rigid, strictly adhered-to guidelines, while others may show great flexibility.
The Sex Pistols were an English punk rock band that formed in London in 1975. They were responsible for initiating the punk movement in the United Kingdom and inspiring many later punk and alternative rock musicians. Although their initial career lasted just two and a half years and produced only four singles and one studio album, Never Mind the Bollocks, Here's the Sex Pistols, they are regarded as one of the most influential acts in the history of popular music.
John Joseph Lydon, also known by his stage name Johnny Rotten, is an English singer, songwriter and musician. He is best known as the lead singer of the late-1970s British punk band the Sex Pistols, which lasted from 1975 until 1978, and again for various revivals during the 1990s and 2000s. He is also the lead singer of post-punk band Public Image Ltd (PiL), which he founded and fronted from 1978 until 1993, and again since 2009. Since 2013, Lydon has held British, Irish and American citizenship.
The performers category is meant for recording artists and bands that have "influence and significance to the development and perpetuation of rock and roll."Artists are currently eligible for induction in that category 25 years after the release of their first record. In order to be inducted, an artist must be nominated by a committee that selects anywhere from nine to a dozen candidates. Ballots are sent to 600 "rock experts" who then evaluate the candidates and vote on who should be inducted. The performers who receive the highest number of votes and more than 50 percent of the vote are inducted. In 2011, the number inducted was five. The rest of the categories are voted on by special committees. In 2012, six additional bands and groups were inducted as performers by a special committee, due to the controversial nature of their band being excluded when their lead singer was inducted. "There was a lot of discussion about this," said Terry Stewart, a member of the nominating committee. "There had always been conversations about why the groups weren't included when the lead singers were inducted. Very honestly, nobody could really answer that question – it was so long ago... We decided we'd sit down as an organization and look at that. This is the result."
|Year||Image||Name||Inducted members||Inducted by|
|1986||Chuck Berry||Keith Richards [N2]|
|1986||James Brown||Steve Winwood [N2]|
|1986||Ray Charles||Quincy Jones [N2]|
|1986||Sam Cooke||Herb Alpert [N2]|
|1986||Fats Domino||Billy Joel [N2]|
|1986||The Everly Brothers||Don Everly and Phil Everly.||Neil Young [N2]|
|1986||Buddy Holly||John Fogerty [N2]|
|1986||Jerry Lee Lewis||Hank Williams Jr.|
|1986||Little Richard||Roberta Flack|
|1986||Elvis Presley||Julian and Sean Lennon|
|1987||The Coasters||Carl Gardner, Cornell Gunter, Billy Guy, and Will "Dub" Jones.||Lester Sill|
|1987||Eddie Cochran||Mick Jones|
|1987||Bo Diddley||ZZ Top [N2]|
|1987||Aretha Franklin||Keith Richards [N2]|
|1987||Marvin Gaye||Nick Ashford and Valerie Simpson|
|1987||Bill Haley||Chuck Berry [N3]|
|1987||B.B. King||Sting [N2]|
|1987||Clyde McPhatter||Ben E. King [N2]|
|1987||Ricky Nelson||John Fogerty [N2]|
|1987||Roy Orbison||Bruce Springsteen [N2]|
|1987||Carl Perkins||Sam Phillips [N3]|
|1987||Smokey Robinson||Daryl Hall [N2] and John Oates [N2]|
|1987||Big Joe Turner||Doc Pomus [N2]|
|1987||Muddy Waters||Paul Butterfield [N2]|
|1987||Jackie Wilson||Peter Wolf|
|1988||The Beach Boys||Al Jardine, Mike Love, Brian Wilson, Carl Wilson, and Dennis Wilson.||Elton John [N2]|
|1988||The Beatles||George Harrison, John Lennon, Paul McCartney, and Ringo Starr.||Mick Jagger [N2]|
|1988||The Drifters||Ben E. King, Rudy Lewis, Clyde McPhatter, Johnny Moore, Bill Pinkney, Charlie Thomas, and Gerhart Thrasher.||Billy Joel [N2]|
|1988||Bob Dylan||Bruce Springsteen [N2]|
|1988||The Supremes||Florence Ballard, Diana Ross, and Mary Wilson.||Little Richard [N3]|
|1989||Dion||Lou Reed [N2]|
|1989||Otis Redding||Little Richard [N3]|
|1989||The Rolling Stones||Mick Jagger, Brian Jones, Keith Richards, Ian Stewart, Mick Taylor, Charlie Watts, Ronnie Wood, and Bill Wyman.||Pete Townshend [N2]|
|1989||The Temptations||Melvin Franklin, Eddie Kendricks, David Ruffin, Otis Williams, Paul Williams, Dennis Edwards.||Daryl Hall [N2] and John Oates [N2]|
|1989||Stevie Wonder||Paul Simon [N2]|
|1990||Hank Ballard||Boz Scaggs|
|1990||Bobby Darin||Paul Anka|
|1990||The Four Seasons||Tom DeVito, Bob Gaudio, Nick Massi, and Frankie Valli.||Bob Crewe|
|1990||Four Tops||Renaldo "Obie" Benson, Abdul "Duke" Fakir, Lawrence Payton, and Levi Stubbs.||Stevie Wonder [N3]|
|1990||The Kinks||Mick Avory, Dave Davies, Ray Davies, and Pete Quaife.||Graham Nash [N2]|
|1990||The Platters||David Lynch, Herb Reed, Paul Robi, Zola Taylor, and Tony Williams.||Phil Spector [N3]|
|1990||Simon & Garfunkel||Paul Simon and Art Garfunkel.||James Taylor [N2]|
|1990||The Who||Roger Daltrey, John Entwistle, Keith Moon, and Pete Townshend.||Bono [N2]|
|1991||LaVern Baker||Chaka Khan|
|1991||The Byrds||Gene Clark, Michael Clarke, David Crosby, Chris Hillman, and Roger McGuinn.||Don Henley [N2]|
|1991||John Lee Hooker||Bonnie Raitt [N2]|
|1991||The Impressions||Curtis Mayfield, Sam Gooden, Fred Cash, Arthur Brooks, Richard Brooks, and Jerry Butler.||Tracy Chapman|
|1991||Wilson Pickett||Bobby Brown|
|1991||Jimmy Reed||ZZ Top [N2]|
|1991||Ike & Tina Turner||Ike Turner and Tina Turner.||Phil Spector [N3]|
|1992||Bobby "Blue" Bland||B.B. King [N3]|
|1992||Booker T. & the M.G.'s||Booker T. Jones, Steve Cropper, Donald "Duck" Dunn, Al Jackson Jr., and Lewie Steinberg.||Jim Stewart|
|1992||Johnny Cash||Lyle Lovett|
|1992||The Isley Brothers||Ernie Isley, Marvin Isley, O'Kelly Isley Jr., Ronald Isley, Rudolph Isley, and Chris Jasper.||Little Richard [N3]|
|1992||The Jimi Hendrix Experience||Jimi Hendrix, Mitch Mitchell, and Noel Redding.||Neil Young [N2]|
|1992||Sam & Dave||Sam Moore and Dave Prater.||Billy Joel [N2]|
|1992||The Yardbirds||Jeff Beck, Eric Clapton, Chris Dreja, Jim McCarty, Jimmy Page, Keith Relf, and Paul Samwell-Smith.||The Edge [N2]|
|1993||Ruth Brown||Bonnie Raitt [N2]|
|1993||Cream||Ginger Baker, Jack Bruce, and Eric Clapton.||ZZ Top [N2]|
|1993||Creedence Clearwater Revival||Doug Clifford, Stu Cook, John Fogerty, and Tom Fogerty.||Bruce Springsteen [N2]|
|1993||The Doors||John Densmore, Robby Krieger, Ray Manzarek, and Jim Morrison.||Eddie Vedder [N2]|
|1993||Frankie Lymon & The Teenagers||Herman Santiago, Jimmy Merchant, Sherman Garnes, Frankie Lymon, and Joe Negroni||Boyz II Men|
|1993||Etta James||k.d. lang|
|1993||Van Morrison||Robbie Robertson [N2]|
|1993||Sly and the Family Stone||Gregg Errico, Larry Graham, Jerry Martini, Cynthia Robinson, Freddie Stone, Rosie Stone, and Sly Stone.||George Clinton [N2]|
|1994||The Animals||Eric Burdon, Chas Chandler, Alan Price, John Steel, and Hilton Valentine.||Dave Pirner|
|1994||The Band||Rick Danko, Levon Helm, Garth Hudson, Richard Manuel, and Robbie Robertson.||Eric Clapton [N3]|
|1994||Duane Eddy||Mick Jones|
|1994||Grateful Dead||Tom Constanten, Jerry Garcia, Donna Jean Godchaux, Keith Godchaux, Mickey Hart, Robert Hunter, Bill Kreutzmann, Phil Lesh, Ron McKernan, Brent Mydland, Bob Weir, and Vince Welnick.||Bruce Hornsby|
|1994||Elton John||Axl Rose [N2]|
|1994||John Lennon||Paul McCartney [N2]|
|1994||Bob Marley||Bono [N2]|
|1994||Rod Stewart||Jeff Beck [N3]|
|1995||The Allman Brothers Band||Duane Allman, Gregg Allman, Dickey Betts, Jai Johanny Johanson, Berry Oakley, and Butch Trucks.||Willie Nelson|
|1995||Al Green||Natalie Cole|
|1995||Janis Joplin||Melissa Etheridge|
|1995||Led Zeppelin||John Bonham, John Paul Jones, Jimmy Page, and Robert Plant||Steven Tyler [N2] and Joe Perry [N2]|
|1995||Martha and the Vandellas||Rosalind Ashford, Annette Beard, Betty Kelly, Lois Reeves, and Martha Reeves.||Fred Schneider and Kate Pierson|
|1995||Neil Young||Eddie Vedder [N2]|
|1995||Frank Zappa||Lou Reed [N2]|
|1996||David Bowie||Madonna [N2] and David Byrne [N2]|
|1996||Gladys Knight & the Pips||William Guest, Gladys Knight, Merald "Bubba" Knight, and Edward Patten.||Mariah Carey|
|1996||Jefferson Airplane||Marty Balin, Jack Casady, Spencer Dryden, Paul Kantner, Jorma Kaukonen, and Grace Slick.||Mickey Hart [N3] and Phil Lesh [N3]|
|1996||Little Willie John||Stevie Wonder [N3]|
|1996||Pink Floyd||Syd Barrett, David Gilmour, Nick Mason, Roger Waters, and Rick Wright.||Billy Corgan|
|1996||The Shirelles||Shirley Alston Reeves, Addie Harris, Doris Kenner-Jackson, and Beverly Lee.||Merry Clayton, Marianne Faithfull and Darlene Love [N2]|
|1996||The Velvet Underground||John Cale, Sterling Morrison, Lou Reed, and Maureen Tucker.||Patti Smith [N2]|
|1997||Bee Gees||Barry Gibb, Maurice Gibb, and Robin Gibb.||Brian Wilson [N3]|
|1997||Buffalo Springfield||Richie Furay, Dewey Martin, Bruce Palmer, Stephen Stills, and Neil Young.||Tom Petty [N2]|
|1997||Crosby, Stills & Nash||David Crosby, Graham Nash, and Stephen Stills.||James Taylor [N2]|
|1997||The Jackson 5||Jackie Jackson, Jermaine Jackson, Marlon Jackson, Michael Jackson, and Tito Jackson.||Diana Ross [N3]|
|1997||Joni Mitchell||Shawn Colvin|
|1997||Parliament-Funkadelic||Jerome Brailey, George Clinton, Bootsy Collins, Raymond Davis, Tiki Fulwood, Glenn Goins, Michael Hampton, Fuzzy Haskins, Eddie Hazel, Walter Morrison, Cordell Mosson, William "Billy Bass" Nelson, Garry Shider, Calvin Simon, Grady Thomas, and Bernie Worrell.||Prince [N2]|
|1997||The (Young) Rascals||Eddie Brigati, Felix Cavaliere, Gene Cornish, and Dino Danelli.||Steven Van Zandt [N2]|
|1998||Eagles||Don Felder, Glenn Frey, Don Henley, Bernie Leadon, Randy Meisner, Timothy B. Schmit, and Joe Walsh.||Jimmy Buffett|
|1998||Fleetwood Mac||Lindsey Buckingham, Mick Fleetwood, Peter Green, Danny Kirwan, Christine McVie, John McVie, Stevie Nicks, and Jeremy Spencer.||Sheryl Crow|
|1998||The Mamas & the Papas||Denny Doherty, Cass Elliot, John Phillips, and Michelle Phillips.||Shania Twain|
|1998||Lloyd Price||Tony Rich|
|1998||Santana||Jose Chepito Areas, David Brown, Michael Carabello, Gregg Rolie, Carlos Santana, and Michael Shrieve.||John Popper|
|1998||Gene Vincent||John Fogerty [N3]|
|1999||Billy Joel||Ray Charles [N3]|
|1999||Curtis Mayfield||Sean Combs|
|1999||Paul McCartney||Neil Young [N3]|
|1999||Del Shannon||Art Alexakis|
|1999||Dusty Springfield||Elton John [N3]|
|1999||Bruce Springsteen||Bono [N2]|
|1999||The Staple Singers||Cleotha Staples, Mavis Staples, Pervis Staples, Pops Staples, and Yvonne Staples.||Lauryn Hill|
|2000||Eric Clapton||Robbie Robertson [N3]|
|2000||Earth, Wind & Fire||Philip Bailey, Larry Dunn, Johnny Graham, Ralph Johnson, Al McKay, Fred White, Maurice White, Verdine White, and Andrew Woolfolk.||Lil Kim|
|2000||The Lovin' Spoonful||Steve Boone, Joe Butler, John Sebastian, and Zal Yanovsky.||John Mellencamp [N2]|
|2000||The Moonglows||Prentiss Barnes, Harvey Fuqua, Peter Graves, Billy Johnson, and Bobby Lester.||Paul Simon [N3]|
|2000||Bonnie Raitt||Melissa Etheridge|
|2000||James Taylor||Paul McCartney [N3]|
|2001||Aerosmith||Tom Hamilton, Joey Kramer, Joe Perry, Steven Tyler, and Brad Whitford.||Kid Rock|
|2001||Solomon Burke||Mary J. Blige|
|2001||The Flamingos||Jake Carey, Zeke Carey, Johnny Carter, Tommy Hunt, Terry "Buzzy" Johnson, Sollie McElroy, Nate Nelson, and Paul Wilson.||Frankie Valli [N3]|
|2001||Queen||John Deacon, Brian May, Freddie Mercury, and Roger Taylor.||Dave Grohl [N2] and Taylor Hawkins|
|2001||Paul Simon||Marc Anthony|
|2001||Steely Dan||Walter Becker and Donald Fagen.||Moby|
|2001||Ritchie Valens||Ricky Martin|
|2002||Isaac Hayes||Alicia Keys|
|2002||Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers||Tom Petty, Ron Blair, Mike Campbell, Howie Epstein, Stan Lynch, and Benmont Tench.||Jakob Dylan|
|2002||Gene Pitney||Darlene Love [N2]|
|2002||Ramones||Dee Dee Ramone, Joey Ramone, Johnny Ramone, Marky Ramone, and Tommy Ramone.||Eddie Vedder [N2]|
|2002||Talking Heads||David Byrne, Chris Frantz, Jerry Harrison, and Tina Weymouth.||Anthony Kiedis [N2]|
|2003||AC/DC||Brian Johnson, Phil Rudd, Bon Scott, Cliff Williams, Angus Young, and Malcolm Young.||Steven Tyler [N3]|
|2003||The Clash||Terry Chimes, Topper Headon, Mick Jones, Paul Simonon, and Joe Strummer.||The Edge [N2] and Tom Morello|
|2003||Elvis Costello & the Attractions||Elvis Costello, Steve Nieve, Bruce Thomas, and Pete Thomas.||Elton John [N3]|
|2003||The Police||Stewart Copeland, Sting, and Andy Summers.||Gwen Stefani|
|2003||The Righteous Brothers||Bobby Hatfield and Bill Medley.||Billy Joel [N3]|
|2004||Jackson Browne||Bruce Springsteen [N3]|
|2004||The Dells||Verne Allison, Chuck Barksdale, Johnny Carter, Johnny Funches, Marvin Junior, and Michael McGill.||Robert Townsend|
|2004||George Harrison||Tom Petty [N3] and Jeff Lynne [N2]|
|2004||Prince||Outkast and Alicia Keys|
|2004||Bob Seger||Kid Rock|
|2004||Traffic||Jim Capaldi, Dave Mason, Steve Winwood, and Chris Wood.||Dave Matthews|
|2004||ZZ Top||Frank Beard, Billy Gibbons, and Dusty Hill.||Keith Richards [N3]|
|2005||Buddy Guy||Eric Clapton [N3] and B.B. King [N3]|
|2005||The O'Jays||Eddie Levert, Bobby Massey, William Powell, Sammy Strain, and Walter Williams.||Justin Timberlake|
|2005||The Pretenders||Martin Chambers, Pete Farndon, James Honeyman-Scott, and Chrissie Hynde.||Neil Young [N3]|
|2005||Percy Sledge||Rod Stewart [N3]|
|2005||U2||Bono, Adam Clayton, The Edge, and Larry Mullen, Jr..||Bruce Springsteen [N3]|
|2006||Black Sabbath||Geezer Butler, Tony Iommi, Ozzy Osbourne, and Bill Ward.||James Hetfield [N2] and Lars Ulrich [N2]|
|2006||Blondie||Clem Burke, Jimmy Destri, Nigel Harrison, Debbie Harry, Frank Infante, Chris Stein, and Gary Valentine.||Shirley Manson|
|2006||Miles Davis||Herbie Hancock|
|2006||Lynyrd Skynyrd||Bob Burns, Allen Collins, Steve Gaines, Ed King, Billy Powell, Artimus Pyle, Gary Rossington, Ronnie Van Zant, and Leon Wilkeson.||Kid Rock|
|2006||Sex Pistols||Paul Cook, Steve Jones, Glen Matlock, John Lydon, and Sid Vicious.||Jann Wenner [N3]|
|2007||Grandmaster Flash and The Furious Five||Melvin "Melle Mel" Glover, Nathaniel "The Kidd Creole" Glover, Eddie "Scorpio" Morris, Joseph "Grandmaster Flash" Sadler, Robert Keith "Keef Cowboy" Wiggins, and Guy Todd "Rahiem" Williams.||Jay-Z|
|2007||R.E.M.||Bill Berry, Peter Buck, Mike Mills, and Michael Stipe.||Eddie Vedder [N2]|
|2007||The Ronettes||Estelle Bennett, Ronnie Spector, and Nedra Talley.||Keith Richards [N3]|
|2007||Patti Smith||Zack de la Rocha|
|2007||Van Halen||Michael Anthony, Sammy Hagar, David Lee Roth, Alex Van Halen, and Eddie Van Halen.||Velvet Revolver|
|2008||The Dave Clark Five||Dave Clark, Lenny Davidson, Rick Huxley, Denis Payton, and Mike Smith.||Tom Hanks|
|2008||Leonard Cohen||Lou Reed [N3]|
|2008||John Mellencamp||Billy Joel [N3]|
|2008||The Ventures||Bob Bogle, Nokie Edwards, Gerry McGee, Mel Taylor, and Don Wilson.||John Fogerty [N3]|
|2009||Jeff Beck||Jimmy Page [N3]|
|2009||Little Anthony and the Imperials||Clarence Collins, Anthony Gourdine, Tracy Lord, Glouster "Nat" Rogers, Sammy Strain, and Ernest Wright Jr.||Smokey Robinson [N3]|
|2009||Metallica||Cliff Burton, Kirk Hammett, James Hetfield, Jason Newsted, Robert Trujillo, and Lars Ulrich.||Flea [N2]|
|2009||Run-DMC||Darryl "D.M.C." McDaniels, Jason "Jam-Master Jay" Mizell, and Joseph "DJ Run" Simmons.||Eminem|
|2009||Bobby Womack||Ron Wood [N3]|
|2010||ABBA||Benny Andersson, Agnetha Fältskog, Anni-Frid Lyngstad, and Björn Ulvaeus.||Barry [N3] and Robin Gibb [N3]|
|2010||Genesis||Tony Banks, Phil Collins, Peter Gabriel, Steve Hackett, and Mike Rutherford.||Trey Anastasio|
|2010||Jimmy Cliff||Wyclef Jean|
|2010||The Hollies||Bernie Calvert, Allan Clarke, Bobby Elliott, Eric Haydock, Tony Hicks, Graham Nash, and Terry Sylvester.||Steven Van Zandt [N2]|
|2010||The Stooges||Dave Alexander, Ron Asheton, Scott Asheton, Iggy Pop, and James Williamson.||Billie Joe Armstrong [N2]|
|2011||Alice Cooper||Alice Cooper, Michael Owen Bruce, Glen Buxton, Dennis Dunaway, and Neal Smith.||Rob Zombie|
|2011||Neil Diamond||Paul Simon [N3]|
|2011||Dr. John||John Legend|
|2011||Darlene Love||Bette Midler|
|2011||Tom Waits||Neil Young [N3]|
|2012||Beastie Boys||Michael "Mike D" Diamond, Adam "Ad-Rock" Horovitz, and Adam "MCA" Yauch.||Chuck D [N2] and LL Cool J|
|2012||—||The Blue Caps [N1]||Backing band for Gene Vincent. Inducted: Tommy Facenda, Cliff Gallup, Dickie Harrell, Bobby Jones, Johnny Meeks, Jack Neal, Paul Peek, and Willie Williams.||Smokey Robinson [N3]|
|2012||The Comets [N1]||Backing band for Bill Haley. Inducted: Joey Ambrose, Franny Beecher, Danny Cedrone, Johnny Grande, Ralph Jones, Marshall Lytle, Rudy Pompilli, Al Rex, Dick Richards, and Billy Williamson.||Smokey Robinson [N3]|
|2012||The Crickets [N1]||Backing band for Buddy Holly. Inducted: Jerry Allison, Sonny Curtis, Joe B. Mauldin, and Niki Sullivan.||Smokey Robinson [N3]|
|2012||Donovan||John Mellencamp [N3]|
|2012||The Famous Flames [N1]||Backing vocal group for James Brown. Inducted: Bobby Bennett, Bobby Byrd, Lloyd Stallworth, and Johnny Terry.||Smokey Robinson [N3]|
|2012||Guns N' Roses||Steven Adler, Duff McKagan, Dizzy Reed, Axl Rose, Slash, Matt Sorum, and Izzy Stradlin.||Green Day [N2]|
|2012||—||The Midnighters [N1]||Backing vocal group for Hank Ballard. Inducted: Henry Booth, Billy Davis, Cal Green, Arthur Porter, Lawson Smith, Charles Sutton, Norman Thrasher, and Sonny Woods.||Smokey Robinson [N3]|
|2012||The Miracles [N1]||Backing vocal group for Smokey Robinson. Inducted: Claudette Rogers, Bobby Rogers, Ronald White, Marv Tarplin, and Pete Moore.||Smokey Robinson [N3]|
|2012||Laura Nyro||Bette Midler|
|2012||Red Hot Chili Peppers||Flea, John Frusciante, Jack Irons, Anthony Kiedis, Josh Klinghoffer, Cliff Martinez, Hillel Slovak, and Chad Smith.||Chris Rock|
|2012||—||Small Faces/Faces||Kenney Jones, Ronnie Lane, Ian McLagan, Steve Marriott, Rod Stewart, and Ronnie Wood.||Steven Van Zandt [N2]|
|2013||Heart||Michael DeRosier, Roger Fisher, Steve Fossen, Howard Leese, Ann Wilson, and Nancy Wilson.||Chris Cornell|
|2013||Albert King||John Mayer|
|2013||Randy Newman||Don Henley [N3]|
|2013||Public Enemy||Flavor Flav, Professor Griff, Terminator X, and Chuck D.||Harry Belafonte and Spike Lee|
|2013||Rush||Geddy Lee, Alex Lifeson, and Neil Peart.||Dave Grohl [N2] and Taylor Hawkins|
|2013||Donna Summer||Kelly Rowland|
|2014||Peter Gabriel||Chris Martin|
|2014||Hall & Oates||Daryl Hall and John Oates.||Questlove|
|2014||Kiss||Peter Criss, Ace Frehley, Gene Simmons, and Paul Stanley.||Tom Morello|
|2014||Nirvana||Kurt Cobain, Dave Grohl, and Krist Novoselic.||Michael Stipe [N3]|
|2014||Linda Ronstadt||Glenn Frey [N3]|
|2014||Cat Stevens||Art Garfunkel [N3]|
|2015||The Paul Butterfield Blues Band||Paul Butterfield, Mike Bloomfield, Elvin Bishop, Mark Naftalin, Jerome Arnold, Billy Davenport, and Sam Lay.||Peter Wolf|
|2015||Joan Jett & the Blackhearts||Joan Jett, Gary Ryan, Lee Crystal, and Ricky Byrd.||Miley Cyrus|
|2015||Lou Reed||Patti Smith [N3]|
|2015||Green Day||Billie Joe Armstrong, Tré Cool, and Mike Dirnt.||Fall Out Boy|
|2015||Stevie Ray Vaughan and Double Trouble||Stevie Ray Vaughan, Chris Layton, Tommy Shannon, and Reese Wynans.||John Mayer|
|2015||Bill Withers||Stevie Wonder [N3]|
|2016||Cheap Trick||Bun E. Carlos, Rick Nielsen, Tom Petersson, and Robin Zander.||Kid Rock|
|2016||Chicago||Peter Cetera, Terry Kath, Robert Lamm, Lee Loughnane, James Pankow, Walter Parazaider, and Danny Seraphine.||Rob Thomas|
|2016||Deep Purple||Ritchie Blackmore, David Coverdale, Rod Evans, Ian Gillan, Roger Glover, Glenn Hughes, Jon Lord, and Ian Paice||Lars Ulrich [N3]|
|2016||N.W.A||DJ Yella, Ice Cube, MC Ren, Eazy-E, and Dr. Dre||Kendrick Lamar|
|2016||Steve Miller||The Black Keys|
|2017||Electric Light Orchestra||Bev Bevan, Jeff Lynne, Richard Tandy, and Roy Wood||Dhani Harrison|
|2017||Joan Baez||Jackson Browne [N3]|
|2017||Journey||Jonathan Cain, Aynsley Dunbar, Steve Perry, Gregg Rolie, Neal Schon, Steve Smith, and Ross Valory||Pat Monahan|
|2017||Pearl Jam||Jeff Ament, Matt Cameron, Stone Gossard, Dave Krusen, Mike McCready, and Eddie Vedder||David Letterman|
|2017||Tupac Shakur||Snoop Dogg|
|2017||Yes||Jon Anderson, Bill Bruford, Steve Howe, Tony Kaye, Trevor Rabin, Chris Squire, Rick Wakeman, and Alan White||Geddy Lee [N3] and Alex Lifeson [N3]|
|2018||Bon Jovi||Jon Bon Jovi, David Bryan, Hugh McDonald, Richie Sambora, Alec John Such and Tico Torres||Howard Stern|
|2018||The Cars||Elliot Easton, Greg Hawkes, David Robinson, Ric Ocasek and Benjamin Orr||Brandon Flowers|
|2018||Dire Straits||Alan Clark, Guy Fletcher, John Illsley, David Knopfler, Mark Knopfler and Pick Withers||John Illsley [N4]|
|2018||The Moody Blues||Graeme Edge, Justin Hayward, Denny Laine, John Lodge, Mike Pinder and Ray Thomas||Ann Wilson [N3]|
|2018||Nina Simone||Mary J. Blige|
|2019||The Cure||Perry Bamonte, Jason Cooper, Michael Dempsey, Reeves Gabrels, Simon Gallup, Roger O'Donnell, Robert Smith, Porl Thompson, Lol Tolhurst, and Boris Williams|
|2019||Def Leppard||Rick Allen, Vivian Campbell, Phil Collen, Steve Clark, Joe Elliott, Rick Savage, and Pete Willis|
|2019||Radiohead||Colin Greenwood, Jonny Greenwood, Ed O'Brien, Philip Selway, and Thom Yorke|
|2019||Roxy Music||Brian Eno, Bryan Ferry, John Gustafson, Eddie Jobson, Andy Mackay, Phil Manzanera, Graham Simpson, and Paul Thompson|
|2019||The Zombies||Rod Argent, Paul Atkinson, Colin Blunstone, Hugh Grundy, and Chris White|
^ Note 1. These backing bands were inducted by a separate committee, and not by the ballot voting used for all other performer inductees.
^ Note 2. This artist was later inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame after inducting someone else.
^ Note 3. This artist was already a member of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame when they inducted someone else.
^ Note 4. Dire Straits were the first artist in the hall's history to not have an official induction speaker. Band member John Illsley did the induction speech himself.
Artists inducted into the early influences category are those "whose music predated rock and roll but had an impact on the evolution of rock and roll and inspired rock's leading artists."Unlike the performers category, these inductees are selected by a committee. The full process is not transparent and it is unclear who comprises this selection committee.
|1989||The Ink Spots [A]|
|1989||The Soul Stirrers [B]|
|1995||The Orioles [C]|
|1998||Jelly Roll Morton|
|1999||Bob Wills & His Texas Playboys [D]|
|2000||Nat King Cole|
|2012||Freddie King [E]|
|2015||The "5" Royales [E] [F]|
|2018||Sister Rosetta Tharpe [E]|
^ A. Inducted members: Bill Kenny, Charlie Fuqua, Deek Watson, and Orville "Hoppy" Jones.
^ B. Inducted members: Roy Crain Sr., R. H. Harris, Jesse Farley, and E. A. Rundless.
^ C. Inducted members: Sonny Til, Tommy Gaither, George Nelson, Johnny Reed, and Alexander Sharp.
^ D. Inducted members: Bob Wills, Tommy Duncan, Leon McAuliffe, Johnny Gimble, Joe "Jody" Holley, Tiny Moore, Herb Remington, Eldon Shamblin, and Al Stricklin.
^ E. Nominated as a performer.
^ F. Inducted members: John L. Tanner, Eugene Tanner, James E. Moore, Obadiah H. Carter and Lowman Pauling, Jr
The non-performer category honors "songwriters, producers, disc jockeys, record executives, journalists and other industry professionals who have had a major influence on the development of rock and roll."Several of the inductees in this category were in fact prominent performers as well. The inductees in this category are selected by the same committee that chooses the early influences. The full process is not transparent and it is unclear who comprises this selection committee. This category has been criticized for inducting those that have "been coming to the dinner for years and paying for their tickets" and not revealing their full criteria. In 2008, this category was renamed the "Ahmet Ertegün Award".
|1987||Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller|
|1988||Berry Gordy, Jr.|
|1990||Gerry Goffin and Carole King|
|2008||Kenny Gamble and Leon Huff|
|2010||Jeff Barry and Ellie Greenwich|
|2010||Barry Mann and Cynthia Weil|
|2014||Andrew Loog Oldham|
This category, which replaced sidemen, "honors those musicians, producers and others who have spent their careers out of the spotlight working with major artists on various parts of their recording and live careers."
|2014||E Street Band [G]|
^ G. Inducted members: Garry Tallent, Roy Bittan, Max Weinberg, Steven Van Zandt, Nils Lofgren, Patti Scialfa, Clarence Clemons, Danny Federici, Vini Lopez, David Sancious.
At the 2018 ceremony, a new induction category for singles was announced by Steven Van Zandt.According to Van Zandt, the category is "a recognition of the excellence of the singles that shaped rock 'n' roll, kind of a rock 'n' roll jukebox, records by artists not in the Rock Hall -- which is not to say these artists will never be in the Rock Hall. They just are not in the Rock Hall at the moment."
|2018||Jackie Brenston and his Delta Cats||"Rocket 88" (1951)|
|2018||Link Wray||"Rumble" (1958)|
|2018||Chubby Checker||"The Twist" (1960)|
|2018||The Kingsmen||"Louie Louie" (1963)|
|2018||Procol Harum||"A Whiter Shade of Pale" (1967)|
|2018||Steppenwolf||"Born to Be Wild" (1968)|
Established in 2000, the sidemen category "honors those musicians who have spent their careers out of the spotlight, performing as backup musicians for major artists on recording sessions and in concert." A separate committee, composed mainly of producers, chooses the inductees.In 2010, the category was renamed to "Award for Musical Excellence". According to Joel Peresman, the president of the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Foundation, "This award gives us flexibility to dive into some things and recognize some people who might not ordinarily get recognized."
|2000||James Jamerson||Bass guitar|
|2009||Bill Black||Bass guitar|
|2009||D. J. Fontana||Drums|
The following were inducted for "Lifetime Achievement in the Non-Performer Category."
|2006||Herb Alpert and Jerry Moss|
As of 2017, 22 performers have been inducted twice or more; fourteen have been recognized as a solo artist and with a band and seven have been inducted with two separate bands. Eric Clapton is the only one to be inducted three times: as a solo artist, with Cream and with The Yardbirds.Clyde McPhatter was the first to ever be inducted twice and is one of three artists to be inducted first as a solo artist and then as a member of a band, the other artists being Neil Young and Rod Stewart. Stephen Stills is the only artist to be inducted twice in the same year. Crosby, Stills & Nash, inducted in 1997, is the only band to see all of its inducted members be inducted with other acts: David Crosby with The Byrds in 1991, Stephen Stills with Buffalo Springfield in 1997, and Graham Nash with The Hollies in 2010.
Two inducted bands were spinoffs of other inducted bands. Journey was founded by two former members of Santana. Led Zeppelin was founded by lead guitarist Jimmy Page after The Yardbirds broke up, with the encouragement of the band's management. They were originally billed as "The New Yardbirds."
The Beatles, inducted in 1988, is the second band to have all of its members be inducted twice, as well as the only band to have each of its members be inducted for their solo careers as their second induction. Ringo Starr is the first inductee to be inducted twice in different categories (The Beatles were inducted in the performers category in 1988 and Starr was inducted as a solo artist in the Award for Musical Excellence category in 2015). He also holds the record for the longest time between first and second inductions, at 27 years. Both of Stills' inductions happened during the 1997 ceremony and Clapton and McPhatter were inducted in back-to-back years (1987/88 for McPhatter, 1992/93 for Clapton, as well as his solo induction in 2000).
The Traveling Wilburys are the only band to have all of its members be inducted without the band itself having been inducted: Roy Orbison as a solo artist in 1987, Bob Dylan as a solo artist in 1988, George Harrison with The Beatles in 1988 and as a solo artist in 2004, Tom Petty with Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers in 2002, and Jeff Lynne with the Electric Light Orchestra in 2017.
There are several performers who were inducted with one (or more) of the bands they played for, but were not inducted as members of one (or more) other bands. For example, Neil Young was inducted with Buffalo Springfield and as a solo artist, but was left out when Crosby, Stills & Nash were inducted.
In 2019, Stevie Nicks will become the first woman to be inducted twice, after having been inducted with Fleetwood Mac in 1998 and for her solo career in 2019.
|Jeff Beck||The Yardbirds||1992||Solo career||2009||—||—|
|Johnny Carter||The Flamingos||2001||The Dells||2004||—||—|
|Eric Clapton||The Yardbirds||1992||Cream||1993||Solo career||2000|
|David Crosby||The Byrds||1991||Crosby, Stills & Nash||1997||—||—|
|Peter Gabriel||Genesis||2010||Solo career||2014||—||—|
|George Harrison||The Beatles||1988||Solo career||2004||—||—|
|Michael Jackson||The Jackson Five||1997||Solo career||2001||—||—|
|John Lennon||The Beatles||1988||Solo career||1994||—||—|
|Curtis Mayfield||The Impressions||1991||Solo career||1999||—||—|
|Paul McCartney||The Beatles||1988||Solo career||1999||—||—|
|Clyde McPhatter||Solo career||1987||The Drifters||1988||—||—|
|Graham Nash||Crosby, Stills & Nash||1997||The Hollies||2010||—||—|
|Stevie Nicks||Fleetwood Mac||1998||Solo career||2019||—||—|
|Jimmy Page||The Yardbirds||1992||Led Zeppelin||1995||—||—|
|Lou Reed||The Velvet Underground||1996||Solo career||2015||—||—|
|Paul Simon||Simon and Garfunkel||1990||Solo career||2001||—||—|
|Ringo Starr||The Beatles||1988||Award For Musical Excellence, Solo career||2015||—||—|
|Rod Stewart||Solo career||1994||Faces||2012||—||—|
|Stephen Stills||Buffalo Springfield||1997||Crosby, Stills & Nash||1997||—||—|
|Sammy Strain||The O'Jays||2005||Little Anthony & The Imperials||2009||—||—|
|Ronnie Wood||The Rolling Stones||1989||Faces||2012||—||—|
|Neil Young||Solo career||1995||Buffalo Springfield||1997||—||—|
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