DownBeat (stylized DOWNBEAT) is an American magazine devoted to "jazz, blues and beyond", the last word indicating its expansion beyond the jazz realm which it covered exclusively in previous years. The publication was established in 1934 in Chicago, Illinois. It is named after the "downbeat" in music, also called "beat one", or the first beat of a musical measure.
DownBeat publishes results of annual surveys of both its readers and critics in a variety of categories. The DownBeat Jazz Hall of Fame includes winners from both the readers' and critics' poll. The results of the readers' poll are published in the December issue, those of the critics' poll in the August issue.
Popular features of DownBeat magazine include its "Reviews" section where jazz critics, using a '1-Star to 5-Star' maximum rating system, rate the latest musical recordings, vintage recordings, and books; articles on individual musicians and music forms; and its famous "Blindfold Test" column, in a which a musician listens to records by other artists, tries to guess who they are, and rates them using the 5-star maximum rating system.
DownBeat was established in 1934 in Chicago, Illinois.In September 1939, the magazine announced that its circulation had increased from "a few hundred five years ago to more than 80,000 copies a month", and that it would change from monthly to fortnightly from the following month. In April 1979, DownBeat went to a monthly schedule for the first time since 1939.
In Summer 1960 DownBeat launched the Japanese edition.
DownBeat was named Jazz Publication of the Year in 2016 and 2017 by the Jazz Journalists Association.
The DownBeat Jazz Hall of Fame's current membership, by year, is listed in the following table. The Readers' Poll began in 1952, the Critics' Poll in 1961, and the Veterans Committee in 2008.
|Year||Readers Poll||Critics Poll|
|1961||Billie Holiday||Coleman Hawkins|
|1962||Miles Davis||Bix Beiderbecke|
|1963||Thelonious Monk||Jelly Roll Morton|
|1964||Eric Dolphy||Art Tatum|
|1965||John Coltrane||Earl Hines|
|1966||Bud Powell||Charlie Christian|
|1967||Billy Strayhorn||Bessie Smith|
|1968||Wes Montgomery||Sidney Bechet & Fats Waller|
|1969||Ornette Coleman||Pee Wee Russell & Jack Teagarden|
|1970||Jimi Hendrix||Johnny Hodges|
|1971||Charles Mingus||Roy Eldridge & Django Reinhardt|
|1972||Gene Krupa||Clifford Brown|
|1973||Sonny Rollins||Fletcher Henderson|
|1974||Buddy Rich||Ben Webster|
|1975||Cannonball Adderley||Cecil Taylor|
|1976||Woody Herman||King Oliver|
|1977||Paul Desmond||Benny Carter|
|1978||Joe Venuti||Rahsaan Roland Kirk|
|1979||Ella Fitzgerald||Lennie Tristano|
|1980||Dexter Gordon||Max Roach|
|1981||Art Blakey||Bill Evans|
|1982||Art Pepper||Fats Navarro|
|1983||Stéphane Grappelli||Albert Ayler|
|1984||Oscar Peterson||Sun Ra|
|1985||Sarah Vaughan||Zoot Sims|
|1986||Stan Getz||Gil Evans|
|1987||Lionel Hampton||Johnny Dodds, Thad Jones, Teddy Wilson|
|1988||Jaco Pastorius||Kenny Clarke|
|1989||Woody Shaw||Chet Baker|
|1990||Red Rodney||Mary Lou Williams|
|1991||Lee Morgan||John Carter|
|1992||Maynard Ferguson||James P. Johnson|
|1993||Gerry Mulligan||Ed Blackwell|
|1994||Dave Brubeck||Frank Zappa|
|1995||J. J. Johnson||Julius Hemphill|
|1996||Horace Silver||Artie Shaw|
|1997||Nat King Cole||Tony Williams|
|1998||Frank Sinatra||Elvin Jones|
|1999||Milt Jackson||Betty Carter|
|2000||Clark Terry||Lester Bowie|
|2001||Joe Henderson||Milt Hinton|
|2002||Antonio Carlos Jobim||John Lewis|
|2003||Ray Brown||Wayne Shorter|
|2004||McCoy Tyner||Roy Haynes|
|2005||Herbie Hancock||Steve Lacy|
|2006||Jimmy Smith||Jackie McLean|
|2007||Michael Brecker||Andrew Hill|
|2008||Keith Jarrett||Joe Zawinul|
|2009||Freddie Hubbard||Hank Jones|
|2010||Muhal Richard Abrams||Chick Corea|
|2011||Ahmad Jamal||Abbey Lincoln|
|2012||Ron Carter||Paul Motian|
|2013||Pat Metheny||Charlie Haden|
|2014||B.B. King||Jim Hall|
|2015||Tony Bennett||Lee Konitz|
|2016||Phil Woods||Randy Weston|
|2017||Wynton Marsalis||Don Cherry|
|2018||Ray Charles||Benny Golson|
|1965||A Love Supreme||John Coltrane||Impulse!|
|1966||At the Golden Circle, Vol. 1||Ornette Coleman Trio||Blue Note|
|1967||The Popular Duke Ellington||Duke Ellington||RCA|
|1968||The Far East Suite||Duke Ellington||Bluebird/RCA|
|1969||...And His Mother Called Him Bill||Duke Ellington||Bluebird/RCA|
|1970||Bitches Brew||Miles Davis||Columbia|
|1971||New Orleans Suite||Duke Ellington||Atlantic|
|1972||The You and Me That Used to Be||Jimmy Rushing||RCA|
|1974||Solo Concerts||Keith Jarrett||ECM|
|1975||Silent Tongues||Cecil Taylor||Freedom|
|1976||Oscar Peterson and Dizzy Gillespie||Oscar Peterson & Dizzy Gillespie||Pablo|
|1977||Creative Orchestra Music 1976||Anthony Braxton||Arista|
|Insights||Toshiko Akiyoshi – Lew Tabackin Big Band||RCA|
|Dancing in Your Head||Ornette Coleman||Horizon|
|Sophisticated Giant||Dexter Gordon||Columbia|
|Homecoming: Live at the Village Vanguard||Dexter Gordon||Columbia|
|1979||Cumbia & Jazz Fusion||Charles Mingus||Atlantic|
|1981||Full Force||Art Ensemble of Chicago||ECM|
|1982||Playing||Old and New Dreams||ECM|
|1983||Blues Forever||Muhal Richard Abrams||Black Saint|
|1984||The Ballad of the Fallen||Charlie Haden||ECM|
|1985||That's the Way I Feel Now||Various||A&M|
|1986||The African Flower||James Newton||Blue Note|
|1987||Song X||Pat Metheny & Ornette Coleman||Geffen|
|1988||In All Languages||Ornette Coleman||Caravan of Dreams|
|1990||In East Berlin||Cecil Taylor||FMP|
|1991||Dream Keeper||Charlie Haden||Blue Note|
|1992||Lush Life||Joe Henderson||Verve|
|1993||So Near, So Far (Musings for Miles)||Joe Henderson||Verve|
|1994||Always Say Goodbye||Charlie Haden||Verve|
|1995||Rush Hour||Joe Lovano & Gunther Schuller||Verve|
|1996||Keith Jarrett at the Blue Note||Keith Jarrett Standards Trio||ECM|
|1997||Sound Museum: Hidden Man||Ornette Coleman Quartet||Harmolodic/Verve|
|1999||Gershwin's World||Herbie Hancock||Verve|
|2000||Soul on Soul||Dave Douglas||RCA|
|2002||Not for Nothin'||Dave Holland||ECM|
|2003||Footprints Live!||Wayne Shorter Quartet||Verve|
|2004||Extended Play: Live at Birdland||Dave Holland Quintet||ECM|
|2005||Concert in the Garden||Maria Schneider||ArtistShare|
|2006||Time Lines||Andrew Hill||Blue Note|
|2007||Sound Grammar||Ornette Coleman||Sound Grammar|
|2008||Sky Blue||Maria Schneider||ArtistShare|
|2009||Road Shows, Vol. 1||Sonny Rollins||Doxy/EmArcy|
|2011||Ten||Jason Moran||Blue Note|
|2013||Without a Net||Wayne Shorter Quartet||Blue Note|
|2014||WomanChild||Cécile McLorin Salvant||Mack Avenue|
|2015||Bird Calls||Rudresh Mahanthappa||ACT|
|2016||The Epic||Kamasi Washington||Brainfeeder|
|2017||America's National Parks||Wadada Leo Smith||Cuneiform|
|2018||Dreams and Daggers||Cécile McLorin Salvant||Mack Avenue|
|2019||Emanon||Wayne Shorter||Blue Note|
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