Cliff performing in 2012
|Birth name||James Chambers|
|Born||1 April 1948|
Somerton District, St. James, Jamaica
|Occupation(s)||Musician, singer, actor|
|Instruments||Vocals, guitar, piano, conga, keyboards|
|Labels||Island, Columbia, Trojan, EMI, CBS|
James Chambers, OM (born 1 April 1948), known professionally as Jimmy Cliff, is a Jamaican ska and reggae musician, multi-instrumentalist, singer, and actor. Along with Bunny Wailer he is one of only two living musicians to hold the Order of Merit, the highest honour that can be granted by the Jamaican government for achievements in the arts and sciences.
Ska is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1950s and was the precursor to rocksteady and reggae. It combined elements of Caribbean mento and calypso with American jazz and rhythm and blues. Ska is characterized by a walking bass line accented with rhythms on the off beat. It was developed in Jamaica in the 1960s when Prince Buster, Clement "Coxsone" Dodd, and Duke Reid formed sound systems to play American rhythm and blues and then began recording their own songs. In the early 1960s, ska was the dominant music genre of Jamaica and was popular with British mods. Later it became popular with many skinheads.
Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s.The term also denotes the modern popular music of Jamaica and its diaspora. A 1968 single by Toots and the Maytals, "Do the Reggay" was the first popular song to use the word "reggae", effectively naming the genre and introducing it to a global audience. While sometimes used in a broad sense to refer to most types of popular Jamaican dance music, the term reggae more properly denotes a particular music style that was strongly influenced by traditional mento as well as American jazz and rhythm and blues, especially the New Orleans R&B practiced by Fats Domino and Allen Toussaint, and evolved out of the earlier genres ska and rocksteady. Reggae usually relates news, social gossip, and political comment. Reggae spread into a commercialized jazz field, being known first as ‘Rudie Blues’, then ‘Ska’, later ‘Blue Beat’, and ‘Rock Steady’. It is instantly recognizable from the counterpoint between the bass and drum downbeat, and the offbeat rhythm section. The immediate origins of reggae were in ska and rocksteady; from the latter, reggae took over the use of the bass as a percussion instrument.
Neville O'Riley Livingston, OM, best known as Bunny Wailer, is a Jamaican singer songwriter and percussionist and was an original member of reggae group The Wailers along with Bob Marley and Peter Tosh. A three-time Grammy award winner, he is considered one of the longtime standard-bearers of reggae music. He is also known as Bunny Livingston and affectionately Jah B.
Cliff is best known among mainstream audiences for songs such as "Wonderful World, Beautiful People", "Many Rivers to Cross", "You Can Get It If You Really Want", "The Harder They Come", "Reggae Night", and "Hakuna Matata", and his covers of Cat Stevens's "Wild World" and Johnny Nash's "I Can See Clearly Now" from the film Cool Runnings . He starred in the film The Harder They Come , which helped popularize reggae across the world,and Club Paradise . Cliff was one of five performers inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 2010.
Mainstream is current thought that is widespread. It includes all popular culture and media culture, typically disseminated by mass media. It is to be distinguished from subcultures and countercultures, and at the opposite extreme are cult followings and fringe theories.
"Many Rivers to Cross" is a song written and recorded in 1969 by Jimmy Cliff. It has since been recorded by many musicians, including Harry Nilsson, John Lennon, Joe Cocker, Percy Sledge, Desmond Dekker, UB40, Cher, The Brand New Heavies, Eric Burdon & The Animals, Marcia Hines, Toni Childs, Oleta Adams, Linda Ronstadt, Annie Lennox, Bryan Adams, and Jimmy Barnes.
"You Can Get It If You Really Want" is a famous late rocksteady song written and performed by the Jamaican reggae singer songwriter Jimmy Cliff. A version was recorded by Jamaican singer Desmond Dekker, becoming a hit in its own right as a single released in a number of markets, reaching number 2 on the UK Singles Chart. It was classified as number 27 on the 1970 Year-end Chart in the UK.
Jimmy Cliff was born in Somerton District, Saint James, Jamaica.He began writing songs while still at primary school in St. James, listening to a neighbour's sound system. In 1962 his father took him to Kingston to go to Kingston Technical school, where he ended up sharing his cousin's one rented room in East Kingston.
St. James is a suburban parish, located on the north-west end of the island of Jamaica. Its capital is Montego Bay. Montego Bay was officially named the second city of Jamaica, behind Kingston, in 1981, although Montego Bay became a city in 1980 through an act of the Jamaican Parliament. The parish is the birthplace of the Right Excellent Samuel Sharpe, one of Jamaica's seven National Heroes.
Jamaica is an island country situated in the Caribbean Sea. Spanning 10,990 square kilometres (4,240 sq mi) in area, it is the third-largest island of the Greater Antilles and the fourth-largest island country in the Caribbean. Jamaica lies about 145 kilometres (90 mi) south of Cuba, and 191 kilometres (119 mi) west of Hispaniola.
Kingston is the capital and largest city of Jamaica, located on the southeastern coast of the island. It faces a natural harbour protected by the Palisadoes, a long sand spit which connects the town of Port Royal and the Norman Manley International Airport to the rest of the island. In the Americas, Kingston is the largest predominantly English-speaking city south of the United States.
Cliff sought out many producers while still going to school, trying to get his songs recorded without success. He also entered talent contests. "One night I was walking past a record store and restaurant as they were closing, pushed myself in and convinced one of them, Leslie Kong, to go into the recording business, starting with me," he writes in his own website biography.After two singles that failed to make much impression, his career took off when "Hurricane Hattie" became a hit, while he was aged 14. It was produced by Kong, with whom Cliff remained until Kong's death from a heart attack in 1971.
Leslie Kong was an influential Chinese-Jamaican reggae producer.
Cliff's later local hit singles included "King of Kings", "Dearest Beverley", "Miss Jamaica", and "Pride and Passion". In 1964, Cliff was chosen as one of Jamaica's representatives at the World's Fair in New York; and in the same year Cliff was featured in a program called “This is Ska!” alongside Prince Buster, Toots and the Maytals, and Byron Lee and the Dragonaires.He soon signed to Island Records and moved to the United Kingdom. Island Records initially (and unsuccessfully) tried to sell Cliff to the rock audience, but his career took off in the late 1960s. His international debut album was Hard Road to Travel, released in 1967. It received excellent reviews and included "Waterfall" (composed by Nirvana's Alex Spyropoulos and Patrick Campbell-Lyons), which became a hit in Brazil and won the International Song Festival.
The 1964/1965 New York World's Fair held over 140 pavilions, 110 restaurants, for 80 nations, 24 US states, and over 45 corporations to build exhibits or attractions at Flushing Meadows Park in Queens, NY. The immense fair covered 646 acres (261 ha) on half the park, with numerous pools or fountains, and an amusement park with rides near the lake. However, the fair did not receive official sanctioning from the Bureau of International Expositions (BIE). Hailing itself as a "universal and international" exposition, the fair's theme was "Peace Through Understanding", dedicated to "Man's Achievement on a Shrinking Globe in an Expanding Universe". American companies dominated the exposition as exhibitors. The theme was symbolized by a 12-story-high, stainless-steel model of the earth called the Unisphere, built on the foundation of the Perisphere from the 1939 NYC fair. The fair ran for two six-month seasons, April 22 – October 18, 1964, and April 21 – October 17, 1965. Admission price for adults was $2 in 1964 but $2.50 in 1965, and $1 for children (2–12) both years.
Cecil Bustamente Campbell OD, known professionally as Prince Buster, was a Jamaican singer-songwriter and producer. The records he released in the 1960s influenced and shaped the course of Jamaican contemporary music and created a legacy of work that would be drawn upon later by reggae and ska artists.
Toots and the Maytals, originally called The Maytals, are a Jamaican musical group and one of the best known ska and rocksteady vocal groups. The Maytals were formed in the early 1960s and were key figures in popularizing reggae music. Frontman Toots Hibbert's soulful vocal style has been compared to Otis Redding, and led him to be named one of the 100 Greatest Singers by Rolling Stone. Their 1968 single "Do the Reggay", was the first song to use the word "reggae", naming the genre and introducing it to a global audience. As Island Records founder Chris Blackwell says, "The Maytals were unlike anything else ... sensational, raw and dynamic."
"Waterfall" was followed in 1969 by "Wonderful World, Beautiful People" and "Vietnam" in 1970, both popular throughout most of the world. Bob Dylan called "Vietnam" the best protest song he had ever heard.Also during this period, Cliff released a cover of Cat Stevens' "Wild World" as a single, but it was not included on his Wonderful World, Beautiful People album.
Bob Dylan is an American singer-songwriter, author, and visual artist who has been a major figure in popular culture for six decades. Much of his most celebrated work dates from the 1960s, when songs such as "Blowin' in the Wind" (1963) and "The Times They Are a-Changin'" (1964) became anthems for the Civil Rights Movement and anti-war movement. His lyrics during this period incorporated a wide range of political, social, philosophical, and literary influences, defied pop-music conventions and appealed to the burgeoning counterculture.
A protest song is a song that is associated with a movement for social change and hence part of the broader category of topical songs. It may be folk, classical, or commercial in genre.
In popular music, a cover version, cover song, revival, or simply cover, is a new performance or recording by someone other than the original artist or composer of a previously recorded, commercially released song.
In 1972, Cliff starred as Ivanhoe "Ivan" Martin in the classic reggae film, The Harder They Come , directed by Perry Henzell.As the film tells Martin's story, he is a young man without funds. Arriving in Kingston from the country, he tries to make it in the recording business, but without success. Eventually, he turns to a life of crime. The soundtrack album of the film was a huge success that sold well across the world, bringing reggae to an international audience for the first time. It remains one of the most internationally significant films to have come out of Jamaica since independence. The film made its debut at London's Gaumont cinema in Notting Hill on 1 September 1972. In 1975, Cliff sang on the first season of Saturday Night Live , episode 12, hosted by Dick Cavett. After a series of albums, Cliff took a break and traveled to Africa (the Nigeria-based Jamaican writer Lindsay Barrett was instrumental in Cliff's first trip there), and subsequently converted to Islam, taking the new name: El Hadj Naïm Bachir.
Cliff quickly returned to music, touring for several years before he recorded with Kool & the Gang. In 1984, Cliff appeared at the Pinkpop Festival in Landgraaf, Netherlands. During The River Tour, Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band added Cliff's previously little-known song "Trapped" to their live set; it achieved great prominence when included on 1985's We Are the World benefit album. The follow-up, Cliff Hanger (1985), won a Grammy Award for 'Best Reggae Album', though it was his last major success in the United States until 1993. Also in 1985, Cliff contributed to the song "Sun City", a protest song written and composed by Steven Van Zandt and recorded by Artists United Against Apartheid to convey opposition to the South African policy of apartheid.Cliff then provided backing vocals on The Rolling Stones' 1986 album Dirty Work , and appeared in the comedy Club Paradise , co-starring with Robin Williams and Peter O'Toole, and contributed several songs to the soundtrack, including "Seven Day Weekend", which he sang with Elvis Costello. In 1988, his song "Shelter of Your Love" was featured in the hit film Cocktail .
Cliff appeared in the film Marked for Death in 1990, performing "John Crow" with the Jimmy Cliff Band.His recording of "You Can Get It If You Really Want" was used as a campaign anthem by the Sandinista National Liberation Front in the 1990 election in Nicaragua. In 1991, he performed at the second Rock in Rio festival in Estádio do Maracanã in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. He continued to sell well in Jamaica and, to a lesser extent, the UK, returning to the mainstream pop charts in the U.S. and elsewhere (#1 in France) with a version of Johnny Nash's "I Can See Clearly Now" on the Cool Runnings film soundtrack in 1993. In 1995, Cliff released the single "Hakuna Matata", a collaboration with Lebo M, a song from the soundtrack of the film The Lion King . In 1997, Cliff was a guest star in a 1997 episode of the Cartoon Network talk show Space Ghost Coast to Coast .
In 2001, Cliff became an inaugural member of the Independent Music Awards' judging panel to support independent artists.In 2002, Cliff released the album Fantastic Plastic People in Europe, after first providing free downloads using p2p software. This album featured collaborations with Joe Strummer, Annie Lennox, and Sting as well as new songs that were very reminiscent of Cliff's original hits. In 2004, Cliff completely reworked the songs, dropping the traditional reggae in favour of an electronic sound, for inclusion in Black Magic. The album also included a recording of "Over the Border" with Joe Strummer. Cliff performed at the closing ceremony to the 2002 Commonwealth Games and in 2003, his song "You Can Get It If You Really Want" was included in the soundtrack to the film, Something's Gotta Give . He also appeared in July 2003 at the Paléo Festival in Nyon, Switzerland. The Jamaican government under P. J. Patterson honoured Cliff on 20 October 2003, by awarding him The Order of Merit, the nation's fourth-highest honour, in recognition of his contributions to the film and music of Jamaica. Cliff, Bunny Wailer and Mervyn Morris are the only currently living figures from the arts to hold this distinction and he is one of only two living musician (along with Bunny Wailer) to do so.
In 2007, Cliff performed at the opening ceremony at cricket's World Cup. In the spring and summer of 2010, Cliff embarked on an extensive tour of the U.S. and Canada.In 2009, "You Can Get It If You Really Want" was adopted by the British Conservative Party during their annual conference. It is unclear whether Cliff endorsed the political party. In September 2009, he was nominated for induction into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, following a campaign on his behalf by the American Charles Earle. Cliff reacted to the news by saying, "This is good for Cliff, good for Jamaican music and good for my country." On 15 December 2009, he was officially announced as an inductee and was inducted on 15 March 2010 by Wyclef Jean.
Cliff appeared in the 2011 documentary Reggae Got Soul: The Story of Toots and the Maytals which was featured on BBC and described as “The untold story of one of the most influential artists ever to come out of Jamaica”.
In 2011, Cliff worked with producer Tim Armstrong, lead singer of American punk band Rancid, on the EP The Sacred Fireand the full-length album Rebirth . Rebirth was nominated for a Grammy Award for 'Best Reggae Album'. The album was listed at #12 on Rolling Stone's list of the top 50 albums of 2012, saying "There's ska, rock steady, roots reggae, a revelatory cover of The Clash's "Guns of Brixton" delivered in Cliff's trademark soulful tenor, grittier but still lovely more than 40 years after his debut." In December 2012, Cliff was named 'Artist of the Year' by digital newspaper the Caribbean Journal, citing his work on Rebirth.
Cliff is not a member of the Rastafari movement, although he briefly was before converting to Islam from Christianity.He now describes himself as having a "universal outlook on life", and does not align himself with any particular movement or religion, saying that "now I believe in science". He is married and has a daughter Lilty Cliff and a son Aken Cliff. He is also the father of the actress/singer Nabiyah Be.
| FRA || NLD || NZ || SWE || SWI || UK || US || US|
|1967||Hard Road to Travel [A]||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1968||Jimmy Cliff in Brazil [B]||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1969||Jimmy Cliff [C]||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|Goodbye Yesterday [D]||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1972||The Harder They Come||—||—||—||5||—||—||140||—|
|Struggling Man [F]||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1974||Music Maker [G]||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|Follow My Mind||—||—||—||—||—||—||195||—|
|1980||I Am the Living||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1981||Give the People What They Want||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1983||The Power and the Glory||17||29||25||—||—||—||—||—|
|Shout for Freedom||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|Save Our Planet Earth||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1996||Higher & Higher [I]||8||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1998||Journey of a Lifetime||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|2002||Fantastic Plastic People||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|2011||Sacred Fire EP||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||1|
| FRA || GER || SWE || US|
|1975||The Best of Jimmy Cliff||—||—||—||—||—|
|1976||In Concert – The Best of Jimmy Cliff||—||—||—||21||—|
|1978||Many Rivers to Cross||—||—||—||—||—|
|1982||Reggae Nights – The Best of Jimmy Cliff||—||—||—||—||—|
|1984||Many Rivers to Cross||—||—||—||—||—|
|1993||The Best Of||—||7||—||—||—|
|Many Rivers to Cross||—||—||—||—||—|
|Reggae Classics – The Very Best of Jimmy Cliff||47||—||57||—||—|
|1996||Best of Jimmy Cliff [J]||—||—||—||—||—|
|100% Pure Reggae||—||—||—||—||—|
|Wonderful World Beautiful People||—||—||—||—||—|
|2000||Simply the Best||—||—||—||—||—|
|The Messenger – The Very Best of Reggae's Original Soul Star||—||—||—||—||—|
|Live and in the Studio||—||—||—||—||—|
|2001||Les Indispensables de Jimmy Cliff||—||—||—||—||—|
|2002||We All Are One – The Best of Jimmy Cliff||—||—||—||—||—|
|2003||Many Rivers to Cross – The Best of Jimmy Cliff||—||—||—||—||—|
|Island Reggae Classics||—||—||—||—||—|
|2004||20th Century Masters||—||—||—||—||—|
|This Is Crucial Reggae||—||—||—||—||—|
|The EMI Years 1973-1975||—||—||—||—||—|
|2005||The Harder They Come – The Definitive Collection||—||—||—||—||—|
|2006||The Essential Jimmy Cliff||—||—||—||—||—|
|The Very Best of Jimmy Cliff & Peter Tosh [J]||—||—||—||—||—|
|The Harder They Come – The Early Years 1962-1972||—||—||—||—||—|
|Better Days Are Coming – The A&M Years 1969-1971||—||—||—||—||—|
|2008||King of Kings – The Very Best of Jimmy Cliff||—||—||—||—||—|
|2010||Hard Road to Travel – The Collection||—||—||—||—||—|
|The KCRW Session||—||—||—||—||4|
| AUS || AUT || BEL|
| FRA || GER || IRE || ITA || NLD || NZ || SWI || UK || US |
|1962||"Hurricane Hatty"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||single only|
|1963||"King of Kings"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"My Lucky Day"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1966||"Pride and Passion"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Hard Road to Travel|
|1967||"Give and Take"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"I Got a Feeling"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"That's the Way Life Goes"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Jimmy Cliff|
|"Many Rivers to Cross"||—||—||—||—||37||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Jimmy Cliff|
|"Wonderful World, Beautiful People"||—||—||13||—||—||—||17||—||12||—||—||6||25|
|"Come into My Life"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||21||—||—||—||—||89|
|1970||"Sufferin' in the Land"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||26||—||—||—||—|
|"Where Did It Go"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||single only|
|"Wild World"||—||20||7||—||51||—||11||17||3||—||2||8||—||Wild World|
|"You Can Get It If You Really Want"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||single only|
|"Synthetic World"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Goodbye Yesterday|
|"Those Good Good Old Days"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Struggling Man|
|"Sitting in Limbo"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Another Cycle|
|1972||"The Harder They Come"||—||—||—||—||32||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||The Harder They Come|
|"Struggling Man"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Struggling Man|
|1973||"Let's Seize the Time"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"On My Life"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Unlimited|
|1974||"Music Maker"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Music Maker|
|"Look What You Done to My Life, Devil Woman"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"Money Won't Save You"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"Don't Let It Die"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Brave Warrior|
|"If I Follow My Mind"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Follow My Mind|
|1976||"Look at the Mountains"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1977||"Material World"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Give the People What They Want|
|"Deal with Life"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||single only|
|1978||"Treat the Youths Right"||—||—||22||—||—||—||—||—||13||—||—||—||—||Special|
|"Bongo Man"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Give Thankx|
|"Stand Up and Fight Back"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1979||"Love I Need"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1980||"All the Strength We Got"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||I Am the Living|
|"I Am the Living"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1981||"Son of Man"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Give the People What They Want|
|"Shelter of Your Love"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"Love Is All"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1983||"Reggae Night"||—||—||5||—||2||35||—||8||6||1||—||91||—||The Power and the Glory|
|"We All Are One"||—||—||24||—||15||—||—||—||33||48||—||93||—|
|"Sunshine in the Music"||—||—||28||—||—||—||—||—||13||—||—||—||—|
|1984||"Reggae Movement"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||single only|
|"De Youths Dem a Bawl"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1985||"Hot Shot"||—||—||—||—||24||—||—||42||—||—||—||—||—||Cliff Hanger|
|1986||"Seven-Day Weekend" (with Elvis Costello)||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Club Paradise|
|1987||"Roots Girl (Step Aside)"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||single only|
|"Rebel in Me"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Images|
|"Hanging Fire"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Hanging Fire|
|"Reggae Down Babylon"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"Soar Like an Eagle"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1988||"Love Me Love Me"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|1989||"Pressure on Botha" (with Josey Wales)||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Images|
|"Dance Reggae Dance"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Save Our Planet Earth|
|"Save Our Planet Earth"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"I'm a Winner"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—|
|"I Can See Clearly Now"||17||—||32||—||1||52||—||—||39||1||—||23||18||Cool Runnings|
|1994||"(Your Love Keeps Lifting Me) Higher and Higher"||—||—||—||—||—||52||—||—||—||31||—||—||—||Higher & Higher|
|1995||"Hakuna Matata" (with Lebo M.)||—||—||46||6||7||77||—||—||10||—||32||—||—||Rhythm of the Pride Lands|
|"Melody Tempo Harmony" (with Bernard Lavilliers)||—||—||—||22||6||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||single only|
|2002||"Fantastic Plastic People"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Fantastic Plastic People|
|2004||"Jamaica Time" (with David A. Stewart)||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Black Magic|
|2011||"Guns of Brixton"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||Sacred Fire EP|
|2013||"C'mon Get Happy"||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||—||single only|
Island Records is a record label owned by Universal Music Group. It was founded in 1959 by Chris Blackwell, Graeme Goodall, and Leslie Kong in Jamaica, and was eventually sold to PolyGram in 1989. Island and A&M Records, another label recently acquired by PolyGram, were both at the time the largest independent record labels in history, with Island in particular having exerted a major influence on the progressive music scene in the United Kingdom in the early 1970s.
David Nesta "Ziggy" Marley is a Jamaican musician and leader of the band Ziggy Marley and the Melody Makers, and the son of reggae icon Bob Marley and Rita Marley. He also performed the theme song for the children's cartoon series Arthur.
"54-46 " is a song by Fred "Toots" Hibbert, recorded by Toots and the Maytals and originally released on the Beverley's label in Jamaica and the Pyramid label in the UK. A follow-up version released a year later was one of the first ska songs to receive widespread popularity outside Jamaica and is seen as being one of the defining songs of the reggae genre. It has been anthologized repeatedly and the titles of several reggae anthologies include "54-46" in their title.
Lowell "Sly" Fillmore Dunbar is a drummer, best known as one half of the prolific Jamaican rhythm section and reggae production duo Sly and Robbie.
Christopher Percy Gordon Blackwell is an English businessman and former record producer, and the founder of Island Records, which has been called "one of Britain's great independent labels". According to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, to which Blackwell was inducted in 2001, he is “the single person most responsible for turning the world on to reggae music."
Frederick Nathaniel "Toots" Hibbert, O.J. is a Jamaican singer and songwriter, known as the leader for the reggae and ska band Toots & the Maytals.
Sly and Robbie are a prolific Jamaican rhythm section and production duo, associated primarily with the reggae and dub genres. Drummer Sly Dunbar and bassist Robbie Shakespeare teamed up in the mid-1970s after establishing themselves separately in Jamaica as professional musicians.
Tilmann Otto, better known by his stage name Gentleman, is a German reggae musician.
Marcia Llyneth Griffiths is a Jamaican singer. One reviewer described her by noting "she is known primarily for her strong, smooth-as-mousse love songs and captivating live performances".
Byron Lee and the Dragonaires are a Jamaican ska, calypso and soca band. The band played a crucial pioneering role in bringing Caribbean music to the world. Byron Lee died on 4 November 2008, after suffering from cancer for a sustained period.
Beverley's was a Jamaican record label owned by the Chinese Jamaican record producer Leslie Kong. Beverley's was essential to the development of ska and rocksteady into reggae. The label launched the careers of Jimmy Cliff and Bob Marley, having released Jimmy Cliff's first recording "Dearest Beverley" in 1961 and Bob Marleys early singles "Judge Not" and "One Cup of Coffee" in 1962.
Winston Grennan was a Jamaican drummer, famous for session work from 1962 to 1973 in Jamaica as well as later in New York City through the 1970s and 1980s.
Funky Kingston is the name of two albums by reggae singing group Toots and the Maytals. The first was issued in Jamaica and the United Kingdom in 1972 on Dragon Records, DRLS 5002, a subsidiary label of Island Records, owned by Chris Blackwell. A different album, with the same cover and title, was issued in the United States in 1975 on Mango Records, MLPS 9330. That album peaked at #164 on the Billboard 200 and was voted the eleventh best album of 1975 in the annual Pazz & Jop poll. In 2003, the American version was placed at number 378 on Rolling Stone's list of The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time.
Wayne Jobson, also known as Native Wayne, is a Jamaican record producer of European ancestry. He has worked with such artists as No Doubt, Gregory Isaacs and Toots & the Maytals. He hosts the weekly radio show "Alter Native" every Sunday afternoon on Indie 103.1. He previously hosted a similar radio show, "Reggae Revolution", at Indie's main competitor KROQ-FM. Jobson is also known as a musician. He recorded an album in 1977 produced by Lee 'Scratch' Perry at the Black Ark.
"Pressure Drop" is a song recorded in 1969 by the Maytals for producer Leslie Kong. The song appears on their 1970 album Monkey Man and From the Roots. "Pressure Drop" helped launch the band's career outside Jamaica when the song was featured in the soundtrack to the 1972 film The Harder They Come, which introduced reggae to much of the world. In 2004, Rolling Stone rated the song No. 453 in its list of the 500 Greatest Songs of All Time. This song has been covered often, most notably by the Specials, Keith Richards, Izzy Stradlin and the Ju Ju Hounds, and the Clash.
Reggae is a music genre that originated in Jamaica in the late 1960s. Australia has several bands and sound systems that play reggae music in a style faithful to its expression in Jamaica. Australia has a relatively small Jamaican community, but reggae penetrated local consciousness via the popularity of reggae among the non-Jamaican population of England in the 1960s and 1970s. Many indigenous musicians have embraced reggae, both for its musical qualities and its ethos of resistance. Examples include No Fixed Address and Coloured Stone.
Carl Harvey is a Jamaican born guitarist and record producer who recorded as a member of Crack of Dawn and The Aggrovators in the 1970s, and later became guitarist for Toots & the Maytals.
Earl “Paul” Douglas is a Jamaician Grammy Award-winning drummer and percussionist, best known for his work as the drummer, percussionist and bandleader of Toots and the Maytals. His career spans more than five decades as one of reggae's most recorded drummers. Music journalist and reggae historian David Katz wrote, “dependable drummer Paul Douglas played on countless reggae hits."