Lindsey Buckingham

Last updated

Lindsey Buckingham
Buckingham McVie - Hard Rock Rocksino Love Northfield Park Cleveland - Friday 3rd November 2017 BuckMcVieOhio031117-42 (24494147998) (cropped).jpg
Buckingham performing in November 2017
Background information
Birth nameLindsey Adams Buckingham
Born (1949-10-03) October 3, 1949 (age 69)
Palo Alto, California, US
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Musician
  • singer-songwriter
  • guitarist
  • record producer
Instruments Guitar, vocals
Years active1966–present
Labels
Associated acts
Website lindseybuckingham.com

Lindsey Adams Buckingham (born October 3, 1949) is an American musician, singer, songwriter and producer, best known as lead guitarist and one of the vocalists of the music group Fleetwood Mac from 1975–1987 and 1997–2018. In addition to his tenure with Fleetwood Mac, Buckingham has released six solo albums and three live albums. As a member of Fleetwood Mac, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998. In 2011, Buckingham was ranked 100th in Rolling Stone Magazine's 2011 list of "The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". [1] Buckingham is known for his fingerpicking guitar style.

Lead guitar is a musical part for a guitar in which the guitarist plays melody lines, instrumental fill passages, guitar solos, and occasionally, some riffs within a song structure. The lead is the featured guitar, which usually plays single-note-based lines or double-stops. In rock, heavy metal, blues, jazz, punk, fusion, some pop, and other music styles, lead guitar lines are usually supported by a second guitarist who plays rhythm guitar, which consists of accompaniment chords and riffs.

Singing act of producing musical sounds with the voice

Singing is the act of producing musical sounds with the voice and augments regular speech by the use of sustained tonality, rhythm, and a variety of vocal techniques. A person who sings is called a singer or vocalist. Singers perform music that can be sung with or without accompaniment by musical instruments. Singing is often done in an ensemble of musicians, such as a choir of singers or a band of instrumentalists. Singers may perform as soloists or accompanied by anything from a single instrument up to a symphony orchestra or big band. Different singing styles include art music such as opera and Chinese opera, Indian music and religious music styles such as gospel, traditional music styles, world music, jazz, blues, gazal and popular music styles such as pop, rock, electronic dance music and filmi.

Fleetwood Mac British-American rock band

Fleetwood Mac are a British-American rock band, formed in London in 1967. They have sold more than 100 million records worldwide, making them one of the world's best-selling bands. In 1998, select members of Fleetwood Mac were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and received the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to Music.

Contents

Fleetwood Mac, the band that gave Buckingham his greatest exposure, had been around since the late 1960s, beginning as a British blues outfit led by Peter Green. After Green left the group, they experienced several tumultuous years without a stable frontman. Buckingham was invited to join the group in 1974; they had recorded in the same studio, and the band was lacking a guitarist and male lead vocal. As a stipulation to joining, Buckingham insisted his musical and romantic partner Stevie Nicks also be included. Buckingham and Nicks became the face of Fleetwood Mac during its most commercially successful period, highlighted by the multi-platinum album Rumours , which sold over 40 million copies worldwide. Though highly successful, the group experienced almost constant creative and personal conflict, and Buckingham left the band in 1987 to focus on his solo career.

British blues is a form of music derived from American blues that originated in the late 1950s, and reached its height of mainstream popularity in the 1960s, when it developed a distinctive and influential style dominated by electric guitar and made international stars of several proponents of the genre including The Rolling Stones, The Animals, Eric Clapton, Fleetwood Mac and Led Zeppelin.

Peter Green (musician) British blues rock guitarist

Peter Green is an English blues rock singer-songwriter and guitarist. As a co-founder of Fleetwood Mac, he was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1998. Green's songs, such as "Albatross", "Black Magic Woman", "Oh Well", "The Green Manalishi " and "Man of the World", appeared on singles charts, and several have been adapted by a variety of musicians.

Stevie Nicks American singer and songwriter, member of Fleetwood Mac

Stephanie Lynn Nicks is an American singer and songwriter. Nicks is best known for her work as a songwriter and vocalist with Fleetwood Mac, and also for her chart-topping solo career. She is known for her distinctive voice, mystical stage persona and poetic, symbolic lyrics. Collectively, her work both as a member of Fleetwood Mac and as a solo artist has produced over forty top 50 hits and sold over 140 million records, making her one of the best-selling music acts of all time with Fleetwood Mac. In addition, she became the first female artist inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame twice.

A one-off reunion at the 1993 inauguration ball for President Bill Clinton initiated some rapprochement between the former band members, with Buckingham performing some vocals on one track of their 1995 album Time , and rejoining the band full-time in 1997 for the live tour and album The Dance . On April 9 2018, Buckingham was unexpectedly fired from Fleetwood Mac and replaced by Mike Campbell and Neil Finn. [2] In 2019, Buckingham underwent open heart surgery. [3]

First inauguration of Bill Clinton 61st United States presidential inauguration

The first inauguration of Bill Clinton as the 42nd President of the United States was held on Wednesday, January 20, 1993 on the West Front of the United States Capitol Building in Washington, D.C. The inauguration marked the commencement of the first four-year term of Bill Clinton as President and Al Gore as Vice President. At 46 years, 154 days of age time of his first inauguration, Clinton was the third-youngest person to become president, and the first from the Baby Boomer generation.

<i>Time</i> (Fleetwood Mac album) 1995 studio album by Fleetwood Mac

Time is the 16th studio album by British-American rock band Fleetwood Mac, released in 1995. This album features a unique line-up for the band featuring the addition of former Traffic guitarist Dave Mason and country vocalist Bekka Bramlett. Lindsey Buckingham, who had left Fleetwood Mac in 1987, makes an appearance as a backing vocalist on one track, but Time is the first and only Fleetwood Mac album since 1974's Heroes Are Hard to Find not to feature any contribution from Stevie Nicks.

<i>The Dance</i> (Fleetwood Mac album) 1997 live album by Fleetwood Mac

The Dance is a live album by British-American rock band Fleetwood Mac, released in 1997. It hailed the return of the band's most successful line-up of Lindsey Buckingham, Mick Fleetwood, Christine McVie, John McVie and Stevie Nicks, who had not released an album together since 1987's Tango in the Night a decade earlier. It was the first Fleetwood Mac release to top the U.S. album charts since 1982's Mirage.

Life and career

1949–1971: Early years

Lindsey Adams Buckingham was born [4] in Palo Alto, California, and was the third and youngest child of Rutheda (née Elliott) and Morris Buckingham. [5] [6] [7] [8] He had two older brothers, Jeffrey and Gregory. Growing up in the San Francisco Bay Area community of Atherton, he attended Menlo Atherton High School where Buckingham and his brothers were encouraged to swim competitively. Though Buckingham dropped out of athletics to pursue music, his brother Gregory went on to win a silver medal at the 1968 Olympics in Mexico City. Buckingham attended San Jose State University but did not graduate.

Palo Alto, California City in California in the United States

Palo Alto is a charter city located in the northwest corner of Santa Clara County, California, United States, in the San Francisco Bay Area. Palo Alto means tall stick in Spanish; the city is named after a coastal redwood tree called El Palo Alto.

San Francisco Bay Area Conurbation in California, United States

The San Francisco Bay Area is a populous region surrounding the San Francisco, San Pablo and Suisun Bay estuaries in the northern part of the U.S. state of California. Although the exact boundaries of the region vary depending on the source, the Bay Area is defined by the Association of Bay Area Governments to include the nine counties that border the aforementioned estuaries: Alameda, Contra Costa, Marin, Napa, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Solano, Sonoma, and San Francisco. Other sources may exclude parts of or even entire counties, or expand the definition to include neighboring counties that don't border the bay such as San Benito, San Joaquin, and Santa Cruz.

Atherton, California Town in California in the United States

Atherton is a wealthy incorporated town in San Mateo County, California, United States. Its population was 7,159 as of 2013. In 1990, Atherton was ranked as having the highest per capita income among U.S. towns with a population between 2,500 and 9,999, and it is regularly ranked as the most expensive ZIP Code in the United States.

Buckingham's first forays into guitar playing took place on a toy Mickey Mouse guitar, playing along to his brother Jeff's extensive collection of 45s. Noticing his talent, Buckingham's parents bought their son a $35 Harmony guitar. [9]

Mickey Mouse Disney cartoon character

Mickey Mouse is a funny animal cartoon character and the mascot of The Walt Disney Company. He was created by Walt Disney and Ub Iwerks at the Walt Disney Studios in 1928. An anthropomorphic mouse who typically wears red shorts, large yellow shoes, and white gloves, Mickey is one of the world's most recognizable characters.

Single (music) Type of music release usually containing one or two tracks

In the music industry, a single is a type of release, typically a song recording of fewer tracks than an LP record or an album. This can be released for sale to the public in a variety of different formats. In most cases, a single is a song that is released separately from an album, although it usually also appears on an album. Typically, these are the songs from albums that are released separately for promotional uses such as digital download or commercial radio airplay and are expected to be the most popular. In other cases a recording released as a single may not appear on an album.

Harmony Company former musical instrument manufacturer in the United States

The Harmony Company was, in its heyday, the largest musical instrument manufacturer in the United States. They made many types of stringed instruments, including ukuleles, acoustic and electric guitars, and violins.

Buckingham never took guitar lessons and does not read music. [10] By age 13, he became interested in folk music and, influenced by banjo methods, practiced the energetic style of the Kingston Trio. From 1966 to 1971, Buckingham performed psychedelic and folk rock with the band The Fritz Rabyne Memorial Band [11] [12] [9] in the San Francisco Bay Area as a bassist and vocalist. Shortly after joining Fritz, Buckingham invited friend Stevie Nicks to join Fritz as a second vocalist. Their romantic relationship began after both left Fritz five years later. [13]

Folk music Music of the people

Folk music includes traditional folk music and the genre that evolved from it during the 20th-century folk revival. Some types of folk music may be called world music. Traditional folk music has been defined in several ways: as music transmitted orally, music with unknown composers, or music performed by custom over a long period of time. It has been contrasted with commercial and classical styles. The term originated in the 19th century, but folk music extends beyond that.

Banjo musical instrument

The banjo is a four-, five-, or six-stringed instrument with a thin membrane stretched over a frame or cavity as a resonator, called the head, which is typically circular. The membrane is typically made of plastic, although animal skin is still occasionally used. Early forms of the instrument were fashioned by Africans in the United States, adapted from African instruments of similar design. The banjo is frequently associated with folk, Irish traditional, and country music. Banjo can also be used in some rock songs. Many rock bands, such as The Eagles, Led Zeppelin, and The Allman Brothers, have used the five-string banjo in some of their songs. Historically, the banjo occupied a central place in African-American traditional music and the folk culture of rural whites before entering the mainstream via the minstrel shows of the 19th century. Along with the fiddle, the banjo is a mainstay of American old-time music. It is also very frequently used in traditional ("trad") jazz.

The Kingston Trio American folk and pop music group

The Kingston Trio is an American folk and pop music group that helped launch the folk revival of the late 1950s to late 1960s. The group started as a San Francisco Bay Area nightclub act with an original lineup of Dave Guard, Bob Shane, and Nick Reynolds. It rose to international popularity, fueled by unprecedented sales of LP records, and helped alter the direction of popular music in the U.S.

1973–1974: Buckingham Nicks

Stevie Nicks and Buckingham on the Say You Will Tour in 2003 Stevie Nicks and Lindsey Buckingham.jpg
Stevie Nicks and Buckingham on the Say You Will Tour in 2003

Buckingham and his then-girlfriend Stevie Nicks recorded seven demos in 1972 on a half-inch 4-track Ampex recorder kept at his father's coffee roasting plant in Daly City, then drove to Los Angeles to pursue a record deal. [14] [15] In 1973, Polydor Records signed the pair. Their album, produced by Keith Olsen and second engineer Richard Dashut, Buckingham Nicks , was released in September 1973; soon after its release, however, Polydor dropped the duo because of poor sales. To help make ends meet, Buckingham toured with Don Everly's backing band, singing Phil Everly's parts. [16]

1975: joining Fleetwood Mac and debut album

While investigating Sound City recording studio in California, Mick Fleetwood heard the song "Frozen Love" from the Buckingham Nicks album. Impressed, he asked who the guitarist was. By chance, Buckingham and Nicks were also in Sound City recording demos, and Buckingham and Fleetwood were introduced. When Bob Welch left Fleetwood Mac in December 1974, Fleetwood immediately contacted Buckingham and offered him the vacant guitar slot in his band. Buckingham told Fleetwood that he and Nicks were a team and that he didn't want to work without her. Fleetwood agreed to hire both of them, without an audition. Buckingham and Nicks then began a short tour to promote the Buckingham Nicks album. The touring band included drummers Bob Aguirre and Gary Hodges (playing simultaneously) and bassist Tom Moncrieff, who later played bass on Nicks' 1981 album Bella Donna . When they played in Alabama, the one area where they saw appreciable sales, they told their fans they had joined Fleetwood Mac. [17]

Fleetwood Mac released their eponymously titled album in 1975, which reached number one in the American charts. Buckingham contributed several songs to the album including "Monday Morning" and "I'm So Afraid" while also singing lead on "Blue Letter". I'm So Afraid and "Monday Morning" were intended for the second Buckingham Nicks LP, but they were instead used with Fleetwood Mac. [18]

1977: Rumours

Despite the success of the new line-ups first album, it was their second album, Rumours , that propelled the band to superstar status, when it became one of the best-selling albums of all time. Buckingham's "Go Your Own Way" was the lead single, soaring into the US Top Ten; also on the album were Buckingham's "Second Hand News" and "Never Going Back Again". Buckingham also sang co-lead vocal on two of the bands biggest live staples "The Chain", written by the entire band and "Don't Stop" a Christine McVie number.

1979: Tusk and solo work

After the resounding commercial success of Rumours (during the making of which Buckingham and Nicks split), Buckingham was determined to avoid falling into repeating the same musical pattern. The result was Tusk (1979), a double album that Buckingham primarily directed. Once again, Buckingham wrote the lead single, the title track that peaked at #8 on Billboard Hot 100. Buckingham convinced Fleetwood to let his work on their next album be more experimental and to be allowed to work on tracks at home before bringing them to the rest of the band in the studio. It produced three hit singles: Lindsey Buckingham's "Tusk" (US No. 8), which featured the USC Trojan Marching Band, Christine McVie's "Think About Me" (US No. 20), and Stevie Nicks' 61/2 minute opus "Sara" (US No. 7). "Sara" was cut to 41/2 minutes for both the hit single and the first CD-release of the album, but the unedited version has since been restored on the 1988 greatest hits compilation, the 2004 reissue of Tusk and Fleetwood Mac's 2002 release of The Very Best of Fleetwood Mac . Original guitarist Peter Green also took part in the sessions of Tusk, although his playing on the Christine McVie track "Brown Eyes" is not credited on the album. [19] It was during this time that Buckingham moved in with record company secretary and aspiring model Carol Ann Harris, with whom he lived until 1984. Though by most standards a hit, Tusk failed to come close to Rumours record sales, and the album was followed by a hiatus in the band's studio recording efforts.

During the time he worked on Tusk, Buckingham also produced albums for Walter Egan and John Stewart in the late 1970s as well as beginning work on his own solo album.

1981: Law and Order

In 1981, Buckingham released his first solo album, Law and Order , playing nearly every instrument and featuring guest appearances by bandmates Mick Fleetwood and Christine McVie. The album pursued the quirky, eclectic, often lo-fi and New Wave influences of Tusk and spawned the single "Trouble" (inspired by Richard Dashut), which reached #9 on the Billboard Hot 100 and #1 in Australia (for three weeks).

1982: Mirage

After a large world tour that ended in 1980, Fleetwood Mac took a year-long break before reconvening to record their next album Mirage (1982), a more pop-friendly work that returned the band to the top of the US album chart. However, by this time various members of the band were enjoying success as solo artists (particularly Nicks) and the next Fleetwood Mac album was not released until five years later. By the time Tango in the Night was released in 1987, Buckingham had already released two solo albums and had given up much of the material for what would have been his third solo album for the project, including "Big Love", "Tango in the Night ", "Family Man", "You and I" and "Caroline". On several of these tracks Buckingham played every instrument [ citation needed ]. "Big Love", released as the first single from the album, became a top ten hit in the US and the UK.

1983–1986: Go Insane and other solo projects

In 1983 he wrote and performed the songs "Holiday Road" and "Dancin' Across the USA" for the film National Lampoon's Vacation . "Holiday Road" was released as a single, and reached #82 on Billboard 's Hot 100.

In 1984, after ending his 7-year relationship with Carol Ann Harris, he released his second solo album, Go Insane . The title track was a modest hit, reaching #23 on the Hot 100. In 2008, he revealed the title track was about his post-break-up relationship with Stevie Nicks; however, Harris claimed in her memoir Storms that the song was written about her breakup with Buckingham. The last track of the album, "D. W. Suite", was a tribute to the late Beach Boys drummer Dennis Wilson, a close friend of Fleetwood Mac who was briefly engaged to Christine McVie. [20] The next year, Buckingham performed on USA for Africa's fundraising single, "We Are the World". In 1986 he co-wrote "Since You've Gone" for Belinda Carlisle's first solo album. He did other soundtrack work, including the song "Time Bomb Town" from Back to the Future (1985). Buckingham played all of the instruments on the track except drums, which were played by Michael Huey.

1987: Tango In the Night and departure from Fleetwood Mac

Propelled by a string of hit singles, Tango in the Night became the band's biggest album since Rumours a decade earlier. However, following its release, Buckingham left Fleetwood Mac [21] largely because of his desire not to tour and the strain he was feeling within the band. "I needed to get some separation from Stevie especially, because I don't think I'd ever quite gotten closure on our relationship," he said. "I needed to get on with the next phase of my creative growth and my emotional growth. When you break up with someone and then for the next 10 years you have to be around them and do for them and watch them move away from you, it's not easy." [22] Fleetwood Mac continued without him, and Buckingham was replaced by guitarists Rick Vito and Billy Burnette.

1988–1992: Out of the Cradle

Following his split with Fleetwood Mac in 1987, Buckingham spent much of the next five years in the studio, working on his third solo album, Out of the Cradle , which was released in 1992. Many of the songs deal with his relationship with Nicks and his decision to leave the band. "There were things lingering for years having to do with relationships and the band, hurtful things, that were impossible to deal with until I left. If you were in a relationship and split up, then had to see that person every day for the next 15 years, it might keep you from dealing with some of those things. While we made Rumours (in 1977) there were two couples breaking up in the band (Buckingham and Nicks, and John and Christine McVie), and we had to say, "This is an important thing we're doing, so we've got to put this set of feelings on this side of the room and get on with it.'" And when you do that long enough you forget that those feelings are even there. On this album, I'm putting all these feelings in the healthiest possible perspective and that, looking at it broadly, is a lot of what the album is dealing with. It's a catharsis, absolutely." [23] "Wrong" was a gentle rebuke of former bandmate Mick Fleetwood's tell-all biography. Out of the Cradle received some favorable reviews but did not achieve the sales levels associated with Fleetwood Mac. However, Buckingham toured throughout 1992–93 for the first time as a solo artist; his band included an army of seven other guitarists (Buckingham himself calls them "the crazy band" on his Soundstage DVD), each of whom he individually taught the entire two-and-a-half hours of music from the concert (Lindsey Buckingham: Behind the Music documentary for VH-1, 2001)

1992: One-off reunion with Fleetwood Mac

In 1992, newly elected president Bill Clinton asked Fleetwood Mac to come together to perform the song he had chosen for his campaign, the Christine McVie-penned "Don't Stop", at his inaugural ceremony. Buckingham agreed to be part of the performance, but the experience was something of a one-off for the band, who were still very much at odds with one another and had no plans to reunite officially.

1997: The Dance

While assembling material for a planned fourth solo album in the mid-1990s, Buckingham contacted Mick Fleetwood for assistance on a song. Their collaboration lasted much longer than anticipated, and the two eventually decided to call upon Stevie Nicks, John and Christine McVie. The band's old chemistry was clearly still there, and plans for a reunion tour were soon in the works. In 1997, Buckingham and all four of his bandmates from the Rumours-era line-up of Fleetwood Mac went on the road for the first time together since 1982 in a reunion tour titled The Dance . The tour was hugely successful and did much to heal the damage that had been done between Buckingham and his bandmates. However, Christine McVie left the band in 1998 because of her fear of flying and to be with her family in the UK, [24] thus making the band now a foursome.

2003: Say You Will

A subsequent fourth solo album, entitled Gift of Screws , was recorded between 1995–2001 and presented to Warner Bros./Reprise for release. Executives at the label managed to persuade Buckingham to hold the album back and instead take several tracks from Gift of Screws and use them with Fleetwood Mac. In 2003, the reformed band released the first studio album involving Buckingham and Nicks in 15 years, Say You Will. Buckingham's song "Peacekeeper" was the first single from the album, and the band went on a world concert tour that lasted almost a year and a half. Seven songs from Gift of Screws appear on the Fleetwood Mac album Say You Will , in substantially the same form as Buckingham had recorded them for his solo release. Bootleg copies of Gift of Screws—taken from an original CD-R presented to Warner Bros/Reprise—are known to exist and have been widely distributed among fans through the use of torrent sites and other peer-to-peer networks.

2006–2007: Under the Skin

On his 57th birthday, October 3, 2006, Buckingham's fourth solo album, an acoustic album now entitled Under the Skin , was released. Under The Skin features Buckingham on almost all instruments, with the exception of two tracks that feature Fleetwood Mac's rhythm section of John McVie and Mick Fleetwood. The album includes a cover of the Rolling Stones classic "I Am Waiting". Three days after the album's release, Buckingham embarked on a tour in support the album that lasted until the end of June 2007. [25] A live album and DVD, Live at the Bass Performance Hall, was released documenting the Fort Worth, Texas show from this tour. [26]

2008: Gift of Screws

In 2008 the Gift of Screws album was finally released, containing three tracks from the originally planned album, as well as seven new recordings. Buckingham then commenced a short tour to promote Gift of Screws in September and October, opening in Saratoga, California and closing in New York City. [27]

2009: Unleashed Tour

Fleetwood Mac toured in 2009, with the first date of the "UNLEASHED" Tour as March 1, 2009, in Mellon Arena (Pittsburgh). Christine McVie was not involved with this project.

2010–2011: Seeds We Sow

On November 3, 2010, Buckingham's website announced that he was working on an untitled album with release planned in early 2011. [28] Buckingham had finished recording the album, titled Seeds We Sow in April, and on April 22, 2011, he filmed a concert for DVD release to support the album. [29] Seeds We Sow was released on September 6, 2011. [30] On September 10, Buckingham kicked off the Seeds We Sow Tour in Reno, Nevada; the tour ended in Tulsa, Oklahoma, on November 14. Buckingham had planned to conduct his first solo tour of the United Kingdom and Ireland in December. However, in early December, Buckingham postponed all UK dates due to his guitarist suffering a back injury. [31] The UK dates were subsequently cancelled.

2012: One Man Show

Buckingham performing at the Neighborhood Theatre, Charlotte, NC, July 31, 2012 Lindsey Buckingham, 31Jul2012.jpg
Buckingham performing at the Neighborhood Theatre, Charlotte, NC, July 31, 2012

Buckingham began a "solo" (no backing band) tour of the United States on May 3, 2012, in Solana Beach, California [32] and in November 2012 released a completely solo live album One Man Show via download at iTunes that was recorded from a single night in Des Moines, Iowa. One Man Show was released on Buckingham's own label Buckingham Records LLC. [33]

2013: Fleetwood Mac EP and world tour

The "Live World" tour commenced on April 4, 2013, in Columbus, Ohio. On April 30, the band released their first new studio material since 2003's Say You Will via digital download on ITunes with the four-track EP containing three new songs from Buckingham and one new song from the Buckingham Nicks sessions ("Without You").

Buckingham with Fleetwood Mac, 2013 Fleetwood Mac live in Atlanta 2013.jpg
Buckingham with Fleetwood Mac, 2013

2014–2015: On with the Show

On January 11, 2014, Mick Fleetwood announced that Christine McVie was rejoining Fleetwood Mac, [34] and the news was confirmed on January 13 by the band's primary publicist, Liz Rosenberg. Rosenberg also stated that an official announcement regarding a new album and tour was forthcoming. [35]

On with the Show, a 33-city North American Tour opened in Minneapolis, Minnesota on September 30, 2014. A series of May–June 2015 arena dates in the United Kingdom went on sale on November 14, selling out in minutes. Additional dates for the tour were added, extending into November.

In January 2015, Buckingham suggested that the new album and the new tour might be Fleetwood Mac's last act and that the band would cease to operate in 2015 or soon afterwards. He concluded: "We're going to continue working on the new album, and the solo stuff will take a back seat for a year or two. A beautiful way to wrap up this last act". [36] On the other hand, Mick Fleetwood stated that the new album may take a few years to complete and that they are waiting for contributions from Stevie Nicks, who has been ambivalent about committing to a new record. [37]

2016–2017: Lindsey Buckingham Christine McVie and Classic Concerts

In August 2016, Fleetwood said that while the band has "a huge amount of recorded music", virtually none of it features Stevie Nicks. Buckingham and Christine McVie, however, have contributed multiple songs to the new project. Fleetwood told Ultimate Classic Rock, "She [McVie] ... wrote up a storm ... She and Lindsey could probably have a mighty strong duet album if they want. In truth, I hope it will come to more than that. There really are dozens of songs. And they're really good. So we'll see." [38]

Buckingham and McVie performing live in 2017. BuckMcVieOhio031117-50 (37650690384).jpg
Buckingham and McVie performing live in 2017.

Buckingham and Christine McVie announced a new album titled Lindsey Buckingham Christine McVie , which also features Mick Fleetwood and John McVie. [39] The album was originally planned as a Fleetwood Mac album. Stevie Nicks did not participate due to her preference for a solo tour with The Pretenders. Lindsey Buckingham/Christine McVie was released on June 9, 2017, and was preceded by the single, "In My World". A 38-date tour began on June 21, 2017 and ended on November 16. [40] [41]

2018: firing from Fleetwood Mac and Solo Anthology

Following Fleetwood Mac's performance at the MusiCares Person of the Year in January 2018 [42] Buckingham was fired from Fleetwood Mac [43] The reason was said to have been a disagreement about the nature of the tour, [44] and in particular the question of whether newer or less well-known material would be included, as Buckingham wanted. [45]

Mick Fleetwood and the band appeared on CBS This Morning on 25 April 2018 and said that Buckingham would not sign off on a tour that the group had been planning for a year and they had reached a "huge impasse" and "hit a brick wall". When asked if Buckingham had been fired, he said, "Well, we don't use that word because I think it's ugly." He also said that "Lindsey has huge amounts of respect and kudos to[ sic ] what he's done within the ranks of Fleetwood Mac and always will." [46] [47] In October 2018, Buckingham filed a lawsuit against Fleetwood Mac for breach of fiduciary duty, breach of oral contract and intentional interference with prospective economic advantage, among other charges; the lawsuit was settled in December of the same year. [48]

Buckingham stated he learned about the firing after receiving a call from Fleetwood Mac manager Irving Azoff with a message for Buckingham from Stevie Nicks. Buckingham stated that Azoff told him: "Stevie never wants to be on a stage with you again." According to Azoff, Nicks had taken issue with, on the evening of MusicCares, the guitarist's outburst just before the band's set over the intro music—the studio recording of Nicks' "Rhiannon"—and the way he "smirked" during Nicks' thank-you speech. Buckingham conceded that "It wasn't about it being 'Rhiannon,' It just undermined the impact of our entrance. That's me being very specific about the right and wrong way to do something." Days later Buckingham called Azoff and asked if "Stevie was leaving the band, or if he was getting kicked out?" Azoff told the guitarist he was "getting ousted" and that Nicks gave the rest of the band "an ultimatum: Either you go or she's gonna go." to which they decided to fire him. [49] Former Tom Petty and the Heartbreakers guitarist Mike Campbell and Neil Finn of Crowded House were named to replace Buckingham. [44] [43] Buckingham has stated since he would be open to rejoining Fleetwood Mac but does not foresee it in the future.

In August 2018, Reprise issued a press release for a new solo anthology Solo Anthology: The Best of Lindsey Buckingham that focuses on Lindsey's solo career since 1981. The anthology was released on October 5, 2018 and was followed two days later by a solo tour throughout North America. [50]

Personal life

Open heart surgery

Buckingham underwent emergency open heart surgery in February 2019. His wife Kristen Buckingham said that "Late last week Lindsey Buckingham experienced severe chest pains and was taken to the hospital where he subsequently underwent emergency open heart surgery. It’s with great relief and thankful hearts that we report the surgery was successful in its purpose. Unfortunately, the life-saving procedure caused vocal cord damage, the permanency of which is unclear. Lindsey is slowly recovering at home with the support of his wife and children." [51]

Musical style

Unlike most rock guitarists, Buckingham does not play with a pick; instead, he picks the strings with his fingers and fingernails. Initially after joining Fleetwood Mac, Buckingham used a Gibson Les Paul Custom. Before the band, a Fender Telecaster was his main guitar, and was used on his first Fleetwood Mac album alongside Fender Stratocasters fitted with an Alembic Blaster. [52] In 1979, he worked with Rick Turner, owner of Renaissance Guitars to create the Model One. He has used it extensively since, both with Fleetwood Mac and for his solo efforts. He uses a Taylor Guitar 814ce for most of his acoustic performances but uses a custom made Gibson Chet Atkins guitar for his live performances of 'Big Love'. He has also used an Ovation Balladeer in the past from the early 1970s to the late 1980s. [53] [54] In the 1980s, he also extensively used the Fairlight CMI. [55]

His influences include Brian Wilson and Phil Spector. Buckingham has also worked extensively as a producer both for Fleetwood Mac and for his solo work."I think of myself as a stylist, and the process of writing a song is part and parcel with putting it together in the studio." [56]

In an interview with Guitar World Acoustic Magazine , Buckingham said:

I've always believed that you play to highlight the song, not to highlight the player. The song is all that matters. There are two ways you can choose to go. You can try to be someone like Eddie Van Halen, who is a great guitarist, a virtuoso. Yet he doesn't make good records because what he plays is totally lost in the context of this band's music. Then there are guitar players like Chet Atkins, who weren't out there trying to show themselves off as guitarists per se, but were using the guitar as a tool to make good records. I remember loving Chet's work when I was a kid, but it was only later, when I really listened to his guitar parts, that I realized how much they were a part of the song's fabric, and how much you'd be going 'Oh, that song just isn't working' if they weren't there. [57]

And in another interview to Guitar World , he said about using his fingers rather than a plectrum:

Well, it's not really a choice at all. It's just, you know, I started playing very young and from early on, the people I was listening to had some element of finger style. Probably the first guitarist I was emulating was Scotty Moore, when I was maybe 6 or 7. And he played with a pick, but he also used fingers. And a lot of the session players, like Chet Atkins, they played with fingers or a pick. Then I listened to a certain amount of light classical guitar playing. And of course later on, when the first wave of rock 'n' roll kind of fell away, folk music was very popular and very influential in my style. So it was really less of a choice than what I fell into. I use a pick occasionally. I certainly use it more in the studio when you want to get a certain tone. But it's just the way I came up. I wasn't taught. I just sort of figured things out on my own terms. I guess that was one of the ways that I became comfortable and it just kind of set in. [58]

Buckingham has been portrayed by Bill Hader in a recurring sketch titled "What Up with That" on NBC's Saturday Night Live . He appeared as himself on the May 14, 2011 episode during this sketch. [59]

Buckingham plays himself and sings in episode 3 of the Showtime series Roadies . [60]

Discography

Albums

YearAlbum US UK [61] SWE CAN Additional information
1973 Buckingham Nicks ----Debut album featuring duo of Buckingham and partner Stevie Nicks. Both later joined Fleetwood Mac, after this album failed commercially and label Polydor dropped them as they were recording tracks for follow-up album.
1981 Law and Order 32--27 [62]
1984 Go Insane 45-33-
1992 Out of the Cradle 128512870
2006 Under the Skin 80154--
2008 Live at the Bass Performance Hall 186-48-
Gift of Screws 485935-
2011 Seeds We Sow 4582-92
Songs from the Small Machine: Live in L.A at Saban Theatre in Beverly Hills, CA / 2011 ----
2012 One Man Show ----
2017 Lindsey Buckingham Christine McVie 17528
[63]
35
[64]
The album started out as Fleetwood Mac's 18th studio album. Buckingham and Christine McVie decided to make it a new project after Stevie Nicks refused to join the rest of the group for the album's creation. Nicks instead launched a solo arena tour with The Pretenders.

Compilations

YearAlbum US [65] UK [61] SWE CAN Additional information
1992Words and Music [A Retrospective]----
2018 Solo Anthology: The Best of Lindsey Buckingham 5378--

Fleetwood Mac

YearAlbum US UK AUS CAN GER SWI AUT SWE FRA RIAA certification [66]
1975 Fleetwood Mac 123315-----7× Platinum
1977 Rumours 11116-25192720x Platinum (Diamond)
1979 Tusk 41223-4862× Platinum
1982 Mirage 152412--1052× Platinum
1987 Tango in the Night 715227251253× Platinum
2003 Say You Will 3624-1051-8-Gold
2013 Extended Play 48--------
Live albums and compilations
YearAlbum US UK AUS CAN GER SWI AUT SWE FRA RIAA certifications
1980 Live 143120-51--50-Gold
1988 Greatest Hits 1433--18-15-8× Platinum
1992 25 Years – The Chain -9--------
1997 The Dance 11541920--39-5× Platinum
2002 The Very Best of Fleetwood Mac 12616----18-4× Platinum
2004 Live in Boston 84---------
2018 50 Years – Don't Stop 655--68-----

Singles

YearSong US Hot 100 US Mainstream
Rock
AAA Charts UK Singles AUS Singles Adult Contemporary Canadian Top 100 Album
1981"Trouble"912311147 [67] Law and Order
"It Was I"11074
1983"Holiday Road"82 National Lampoon's Vacation soundtrack
1984"Go Insane"23410057Go Insane
"Slow Dancing"106
1992"Wrong"2350Out of the Cradle
"Countdown"383229
"Soul Drifter"38-
1993"Don't Look Down"59
2006"Show You How"Under the Skin
2008"Did You Miss Me"45Gift of Screws
"Gift of Screws EP"
2011"Holiday Road" (Live)168Used on the Teletext Holidays advert in the UK
"Seeds We Sow"Seeds We Sow
"In Our Own Time"
"When She Comes Down"
"The End Of Time"
2015"Holiday Road"as a digital download with Dancin' Across The USA

Music videos

Soundtrack appearances

YearSongSoundtrackAdditional information
1983"Holiday Road" National Lampoon's Vacation
"Dancing Across the USA"
1985"Time Bomb Town" Back to the Future
"Trouble" Just One of the Guys
1994"On the Wrong Side" With Honors
1996"Twisted" Twister Duet with Nicks
2005"Shut Us Down" Elizabethtown Uncut version
2006"Big Love" Elizabethtown Vol 2 Live soundstage performance
2012"Sick of You" This Is 40
"Brother and Sister"featuring Norah Jones
"She Acts Like You"
2015"Holiday Road" Vacation

Related Research Articles

Christine McVie British singer and songwriter, member of Fleetwood Mac

Christine Anne Perfect, known professionally as Christine McVie following her marriage to John McVie, is an English singer, songwriter and keyboardist, best known as one of the three lead vocalists and the keyboardist of Fleetwood Mac. She joined the band in 1970. She has also released three solo albums. McVie is known for her smoky, alto vocals and her direct but poignant lyrics, which concentrated on love and relationships. AllMusic describes her as an "Unabashedly easy-on-the-ears singer/songwriter, and the prime mover behind some of Fleetwood Mac's biggest hits." Eight of her songs appeared on Fleetwood Mac's 1988 Greatest Hits album.

<i>Say You Will</i> (album) 2003 studio album by Fleetwood Mac

Say You Will is the 17th studio album by British-American rock band Fleetwood Mac, released on 15 April 2003. It was the first Fleetwood Mac album since Kiln House in 1970 that did not include tracks written by vocalist/keyboardist Christine McVie, who had left the band in 1998. It was however the band's first studio album since Time was released in 1995. Members Lindsey Buckingham and Stevie Nicks shared keyboard duties for the album, though Christine McVie is featured on two songs which had been originally recorded for an unreleased Lindsey Buckingham solo album. It also marks the first and only album in 16 years to feature Buckingham as a full-time member.

<i>Buckingham Nicks</i> 1973 studio album by Buckingham Nicks (Stevie Nicks and Lindsey Buckingham)

Buckingham Nicks is the sole studio album by the American rock duo Buckingham Nicks. Produced by Keith Olsen, the album was released in September 1973 by Polydor Records. Buckingham Nicks is notable as an early commercial collaboration between Stevie Nicks and Lindsey Buckingham, both of whom later joined Fleetwood Mac.

Richard Francis "Rick" Vito is an American guitarist and singer. He was part of Fleetwood Mac between 1987 and 1991. Vito took over as lead guitarist after Lindsey Buckingham left Fleetwood Mac. He is best known for his blues and slide guitar style, whose influences include Elmore James, Robert Nighthawk, B.B. King, Alvino Rey, Les Paul, Mohan Bhatt, George Harrison, and Keith Richards.

<i>Fleetwood Mac: Live in Boston</i> 2004 video by Fleetwood Mac

Live in Boston is a live performance video/music album by British-American rock band Fleetwood Mac, released on 15 June 2004. The concert was filmed on 23–24 September 2003 at the FleetCenter in Boston, Massachusetts during the group's Say You Will Tour. The concert is a double DVD set, and also comes with a sampler CD, containing the audio of ten songs from the show. Part of WTTW's Soundstage series which also chronicled Buckingham and Nicks solo in 2005 and 2008 respectively.

<i>Under the Skin</i> (Lindsey Buckingham album) 2006 studio album by Lindsey Buckingham

Under the Skin is the fourth solo album by American musician and Fleetwood Mac vocalist/guitarist Lindsey Buckingham, released on October 3, 2006. The album, long delayed by Fleetwood Mac's reunion tour in the 1990s and 2003 album Say You Will, was his first solo release in 14 years. Under the Skin peaked at #80 on the Billboard 200 album chart in October 2006. "Show You How" was also released as a single but failed to chart.

Sara (Fleetwood Mac song) song by Fleetwood Mac

"Sara" is a song written by singer-songwriter Stevie Nicks of Fleetwood Mac as a single from the 1979 Tusk double LP. The vinyl album version is 6:22 minutes and the edited version is 4:41 minutes. The song peaked at No. 7 in the US for three weeks, No. 37 in the UK for two weeks, No. 11 in Australia and No. 12 in Canada.

"Monday Morning" is a 1975 song written and sung by Fleetwood Mac guitarist Lindsey Buckingham. It is the first track off the multi-platinum selling album Fleetwood Mac. It was later included on the 2002 compilation album, The Very Best of Fleetwood Mac. Reviewer Matthew Greenwald deemed the song "a brilliant opening to a brilliant album" which he attributed to Buckingham's "strong pop instincts and craftsmanship".

Silver Springs (song) song by Fleetwood Mac

"Silver Springs" is a song written by Stevie Nicks and performed by Fleetwood Mac. It was originally intended for the band's 1977 album Rumours, but became a B-side to the song "Go Your Own Way". A live version was released as a single from the 1997 album The Dance; this version of the song received a Grammy Award nomination.

'Sad Angel' is a song by Fleetwood Mac, written by guitarist and vocalist Lindsey Buckingham, from their EP Extended Play, released in 2013. It was the only single released from the EP, and it was not successful in the charts, stalling at #125 in the UK.

"In the Back of My Mind" is a single released in 1990 by British-American band Fleetwood Mac from their album Behind the Mask. The song was lifted as the second single in select European markets, but only had a minor impact in the United Kingdom, where it peaked at No. 58. It was not released in the United States, where "Hard Feelings" was released as the second single instead. Both singles were cowritten by Billy Burnette, one of the guitarists drafted in to replace Lindsey Buckingham. In a QA with The Penguin, Burnette noted that "In the Back of My Mind" that the band had to combine three 48-track machines to fit all of their overdubs. At the time, that feat almost landed the band in the Guinness Book of World Records for most amount of individual tracks used for one song.

"Tango in the Night" is a song by British-American band Fleetwood Mac from their album of the same name. Although "Tango in the Night" was never released as a single, it still reached #28 on the Billboard Mainstream Rock Chart. However, the title track was heavily overshadowed by Tango in the Night's hit singles, including "Seven Wonders" and "Little Lies.

"Wild Heart" is a 1983 song by the American singer/songwriter Stevie Nicks. It was the third single from her second solo album, The Wild Heart. The song was written in 1981 and first performed during a Rolling Stone photo shoot with her to-be sister in law Lori Perry-Nicks. The original demo features the music of Fleetwood Mac's song Can't Go Back.

"World Turning" is a song written by Lindsey Buckingham and Christine McVie for the British/American rock band Fleetwood Mac's tenth album, Fleetwood Mac.

<i>Lindsey Buckingham Christine McVie</i> 2017 studio album by Lindsey Buckingham and Christine McVie

Lindsey Buckingham Christine McVie is a studio album by Fleetwood Mac vocalists Lindsey Buckingham and Christine McVie, released on June 9, 2017. Four of the five "classic members" of Fleetwood Mac are featured on the album; vocalist Stevie Nicks is the sole member absent. The album sold over 22,000 units in the United States in its first week and debuted within the top 20. It proved to be even more successful in the United Kingdom, where it debuted within the top 5. In November 2017, the album was also certified silver with sales exceeding 60,000 units.

"Brown Eyes" is a song by Fleetwood Mac from the 1979 double LP Tusk. It was one of six songs composed and sung by Christine McVie.

The Shake the Cage Tour, by the Anglo-American rock group Fleetwood Mac, began on September 30, 1987 in Kansas City, Missouri, and ended on June 28, 1988 in Manchester, England. It was their first tour since 1974 without Lindsey Buckingham, who left the band in August 1987.

References

  1. "The 100 Greatest Guitarists of All Time". Rolling Stone . Retrieved January 20, 2012.
  2. Greene, Andy (April 9, 2018). "Fleetwood Mac Fires Lindsey Buckingham". Rolling Stone. Retrieved December 7, 2018.
  3. "Kristen Buckingham". Twitter. Retrieved February 8, 2019.
  4. "Lindsey Adams Buckingham, Born 10/03/1949 in California". Californiabirthindex.org.
  5. "Morris Buckingham – Historical records and family trees". Myheritage.com.
  6. Howe, Zoë (October 13, 2014). "Stevie Nicks: Visions, Dreams and Rumours". Omnibus Press via Google Books.
  7. Schruers, Fred (October 30, 1997). "Fleetwood Mac: Back on the Chain Gang". Rolling Stone .
  8. Phil Sutcliffe. "Take it to the Limit". Rockalittle.com.
  9. 1 2 Adelson, Martin E. "Lindsey Buckingham". Fleetwoodmac.net.
  10. "Fleetwood Mac • Lindsey Buckingham • The Band • The Music • The Legacy". Fleetwoodmac.org. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  11. Adelson, Martin E. "Javier Pacheco Question and Answer Session". Fleetwoodmac.net.
  12. Adelson, Martin E. "Fritz". Fleetwoodmac.net.
  13. "Fritz". The Penguin Biographies. Martin Adelson and Lisa Adelson. Retrieved May 24, 2014.
  14. Fred Schruers (October 30, 1997). "Back on the Chain Gang". Rolling Stone . Retrieved June 2, 2010.
  15. Jackson, Blair (February 1, 2011). "Music: Lindsey Buckingham in Two Worlds". Mix . When I was about 21 some relative I didn't even know left me something like $10,000, so one of the things I did with that money was go out and buy an old Ampex half-inch 4-track—like the kind they recoded Sgt. Pepper's on, I guess. At that time, my dad had this small coffee plant in Daly City [south of San Francisco]—they were coffee roasters—and at night I would go up there with Stevie, and a lot of times just by myself, and work on songs and demos.
  16. "Q&A; with Lindsey Buckingham". Web.archive.org. Archived from the original on September 5, 2012. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  17. Furman, Leah (2003). Rumours Exposed: The Unauthorized Biography of Fleetwood Mac. Citadel Press. pp. 80–81. ISBN   978-0-8065-2472-6.
  18. Fleetwood, Mick; Bozza, Anthony (October 2014). Play On: Now, Then & Fleetwood Mac. 1290 Avenue of the Americas, New York, NY, 10104: Little, Brown And Company. pp. 164, 169. ISBN   978-0-316-40342-9.
  19. Davis, Stephen (1991). My Life and Adventures in Fleetwood Mac. p. 214.
  20. "Madness Fades – Lindsey Buckingham, In His Words". Web. archive.org. September 22, 2007. Archived from the original on September 22, 2007. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  21. Fleetwood: My Life and Adventures with Fleetwood Mac by Mick Fleetwood and Stephen Davis, 1990, William Morrow, ISBN   978-0688066475
  22. "The Blue Letter Archives". Bla.fleetwoodmac.net. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  23. Greg Kot (June 14, 1992). "This Mac Is Back – Page 2". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  24. "Stevie Nicks Reveals Why Christine McVie Really Left Fleetwood Mac". Yahoo. The Insider. November 20, 2014. Retrieved February 21, 2016.
  25. "The 2006–2007 Lindsey Shows". Fmlegacy.com. Archived from the original on February 25, 2012. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  26. "Reuters Press Release". Reuters.com. February 5, 2008. Archived from the original on November 18, 2009. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  27. "The 2008 Lindsey Shows". Fleetwoodmac-uk.com. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  28. "Home". Lindsey Buckingham. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  29. "Lindsey Buckingham New Album and Live DVD". Your Way to Music. June 14, 2011. Archived from the original on June 24, 2011. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  30. Dean Goodman (April 12, 2011). "Lindsey Buckingham gearing up for new album, tour". Reuters . Retrieved December 11, 2011.
  31. "UK Tour Dates Postponed". Lindsey Buckingham. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  32. "LINDSEY TAKING HIS SOLO ACT ON THE ROAD STARTING MAY 3 IN SOLANA BEACH, CA". Lindsey Buckingham. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
  33. "Still Going Insane . A Lindsey Buckingham Resource". Fleetwoodmac-uk.com. December 3, 2012. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
  34. "Mick Fleetwood Announces Christine McVie's return to Fleetwood Mac". Fleetwood Mac News. January 12, 2014. Retrieved February 12, 2014.
  35. "Christine McVie Rejoins Fleetwood Mac: Official". Billboard. January 13, 2014.
  36. Fleetwood Mac: new album and tour will be our swansong, The Guardian (London), January 2, 2015, Retrieved May 19, 2015.
  37. Fleetwood Mac album may take 'a couple of years' to finish, The Guardian (London), March 10, 2015, Retrieved May 19, 2015.
  38. DeRiso, Nick. "Fleetwood Mac's New Album Is Apparently Being Held Up by Stevie Nicks". Ultimate Classic Rock. Retrieved September 5, 2016.
  39. Yoo, Noah. "Fleetwood Mac's Lindsey Buckingham and Christine McVie Announce New Duets Album". Pitchfork. Retrieved January 13, 2017.
  40. Blistein, Jon. "Fleetwood Mac's Lindsey Buckingham, Christine McVie Detail New Album". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 11, 2017.
  41. "Mick Fleetwood: Stevie Nicks Wants To Go Deep On Next Fleetwood Mac Tour". 94.7 WLS. Retrieved August 31, 2017.
  42. Rania Aniftos (October 10, 2018). "Lindsey Buckingham on Getting Fired From Fleetwood Mac". Billboard. Retrieved April 27, 2019.
  43. 1 2 Halperin, Shirley (April 9, 2018). "Lindsey Buckingham Leaves Fleetwood Mac". Variety. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
  44. 1 2 Greene, Andy (April 9, 2018). "Fleetwood Mac Fires Lindsey Buckingham". Rolling Stone .
  45. "Why leaving Fleetwood Mac may be a smart move for Lindsey Buckingham". MSN . Retrieved June 10, 2018.
  46. "Fleetwood Mac Reveals Why Lindsey Buckingham was ousted". CBS This Morning. April 25, 2018.
  47. Uncle LarryB (April 25, 2018), Fleetwood Mac on GMA (OOPS) CBS This Morning – April 2018 , retrieved August 3, 2018
  48. Greene, Andy (October 11, 2018). "Lindsey Buckingham Sues Fleetwood Mac Over Dismissal From Band". Rolling Stone. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  49. Fricke, David (October 10, 2018). "Lindsey Buckingham: Life After Fleetwood Mac". Rolling Stone. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  50. "Solo Anthology Press Release". Reprise Records.
  51. "Lindsey Buckingham Recovering From Open Heart Surgery". Pitchfork. Retrieved February 17, 2019.
  52. "MWE3 Features". Mwe3.com. January 12, 1998. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  53. Inc., Equipboard. "Lindsey Buckingham's Gibson Chet Atkins CE". Equipboard.
  54. "Interview: Lindsey Buckingham Discusses Turner Guitars and His New Album, 'Seeds We Sow'". Guitarworld.com.
  55. Graham, Sam. "Lindsey Buckingham: Personal Brinksmanship and State-of-the-Art Subconscious". The Blue Letter Archives. The Penguin. Retrieved April 12, 2015.
  56. Romano, Will. "Let The Right Sounds In: Fleetwood Mac's Studio Genius Opens Up About His Off-Kilter Production Techniques". Electronic Musician. Retrieved February 21, 2017.
  57. "Rolling Thunder by Askold Buk in 90's Guitar World Acoustic edition". pt. scribd.com. May 16, 2012. Archived from the original on July 29, 2013. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  58. "Interview: Lindsey Buckingham Discusses Turner Guitars and His New Album, 'Seeds We Sow'". www. guitarworld.com. September 21, 2012. Retrieved September 22, 2012.
  59. Navaroli, Joel. "SNL Archives – Episodes – Details". The SNL Archives. Retrieved February 10, 2014.
  60. "Roadies: Roadies: Lindsey Buckingham "Bleed to Love Her" | SHOWTIME". Sho.com. June 27, 2016. Retrieved June 14, 2017.
  61. 1 2 "LINDSEY BUCKINGHAM | full Official Chart History | Official Charts Company". Officialcharts.com. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
  62. "RPM Top Albums/CDs". Library and Archives Canada. Canada.ca. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
  63. "Sverigetopplistan – Sveriges Officiella Topplista". Sverigetopplistan . Retrieved June 16, 2017. Click on "Veckans albumlista".
  64. "On The Charts: June 19, 2017". FYIMusicNews. Retrieved June 19, 2017.
  65. "Lindsey Buckingham Chart History". Billboard. Retrieved April 26, 2019.
  66. "RIAA Gold and Platinum Search for albums by Fleetwood Mac". Riaa.com. Retrieved February 29, 2012.
  67. "RPM 50 Singles – Dec. 26, 1981". Library and Archives. Canada.ca. Retrieved April 27, 2016.