Louie Louie

Last updated

"Louie Louie"
Flip 321 Label.jpg
Single by Richard Berry
A-side You Are My Sunshine [1]
ReleasedApril 1957 [2]
Format 45 rpm record
Genre Rhythm and blues
Label Flip
Songwriter(s) Richard Berry
Richard Berry singles chronology
"Take The Key"
"Louie Louie"
"Sweet Sugar You"

"Louie Louie" is an American rhythm and blues song written and composed by Richard Berry in 1955 and best known for the 1963 hit version by The Kingsmen. It has become a standard in pop and rock, with hundreds of versions recorded by different artists. The song is based on the tune "El Loco Cha Cha" popularized by bandleader René Touzet and is an example of Latin influence on American popular music.

Rhythm and blues, commonly abbreviated as R&B, is a genre of popular music that originated in African American communities in the 1940s. The term was originally used by record companies to describe recordings marketed predominantly to urban African Americans, at a time when "urbane, rocking, jazz based music with a heavy, insistent beat" was becoming more popular. In the commercial rhythm and blues music typical of the 1950s through the 1970s, the bands usually consisted of piano, one or two guitars, bass, drums, one or more saxophones, and sometimes background vocalists. R&B lyrical themes often encapsulate the African-American experience of pain and the quest for freedom and joy, as well as triumphs and failures in terms of relationships, economics, and aspirations.

Richard Berry (musician) American singer-songwriter

Richard Berry, Jr. was an African-American singer, songwriter and musician, who performed with many Los Angeles doo-wop and close harmony groups in the 1950s, including The Flairs and The Robins.

The Kingsmen American rock band

The Kingsmen are a 1960s garage rock band from Portland, Oregon, United States. Their 1963 recording of Richard Berry's "Louie Louie" held the No. 2 spot on the Billboard charts for six weeks and has become an enduring classic.


"Louie Louie" tells, in simple verse–chorus form, the first-person story of a Jamaican sailor returning to the island to see his lady love.

Verse–chorus form is a musical form common in popular music, used in blues and rock and roll since the 1950s, and predominant in rock music since the 1960s. In contrast to thirty-two-bar form, which is focused on the verse, in verse–chorus form the chorus is highlighted.

The Kingsmen's recording was the subject of an FBI investigation about the supposed, but nonexistent, obscenity of the lyrics, an investigation that ended without prosecution. [3] The recording notably includes the drummer yelling "Fuck!" after dropping his drumstick at the 0:54 mark.

Federal Bureau of Investigation Governmental agency belonging to the United States Department of Justice

The Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) is the domestic intelligence and security service of the United States and its principal federal law enforcement agency. Operating under the jurisdiction of the United States Department of Justice, the FBI is also a member of the U.S. Intelligence Community and reports to both the Attorney General and the Director of National Intelligence. A leading U.S. counter-terrorism, counterintelligence, and criminal investigative organization, the FBI has jurisdiction over violations of more than 200 categories of federal crimes.

"Louie Louie" has been recognized by organizations and publications worldwide for its influence on the history of rock and roll. A partial list (see "Recognition and rankings" table below) includes the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, the Grammy Hall of Fame, National Public Radio, VH1, Rolling Stone Magazine, the National Endowment for the Arts, and the Recording Industry Association of America. In addition to new versions appearing regularly on YouTube and elsewhere, other major examples of the song's legacy include the celebration of International Louie Louie Day every year on April 11; the annual Louie Louie Parade in Philadelphia from 1985 to 1989; the LouieFest in Tacoma from 2003 to 2012; the ongoing annual Louie Louie Parade and Festival in Peoria [4] and the unsuccessful attempt in 1985 to make it the state song of Washington.

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Hall of fame located on the shore of Lake Erie in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, United States

The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame, located in downtown Cleveland, Ohio, on the shore of Lake Erie, recognizes and archives the history of the best-known and most influential artists, producers, engineers, and other notable figures who have had some major influence on the development of rock and roll. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Foundation was established on April 20, 1983, by Ahmet Ertegun, founder and chairman of Atlantic Records. In 1986, Cleveland was chosen as the Hall of Fame's permanent home.

VH1 American cable television network

VH1 is an American pay television network based in New York City owned by Viacom. It was originally created by Warner-Amex Satellite Entertainment, at the time a division of Warner Communications and the original owner of MTV, and launched on January 1, 1985, in the former space of Turner Broadcasting System's short-lived Cable Music Channel.

<i>Rolling Stone</i> American magazine focusing on popular culture, based in New York City

Rolling Stone is an American monthly magazine that focuses on popular culture. It was founded in San Francisco, California in 1967 by Jann Wenner, who is still the magazine's publisher, and the music critic Ralph J. Gleason. It was first known for its musical coverage and for political reporting by Hunter S. Thompson. In the 1990s, the magazine shifted focus to a younger readership interested in youth-oriented television shows, film actors, and popular music. In recent years, it has resumed its traditional mix of content.

Original version by Richard Berry

Richard Berry was inspired to write the song in 1955 after listening to an R&B interpretation of "El Loco Cha Cha" performed by the Latin R&B group Ricky Rillera and the Rhythm Rockers. [5] The tune was written originally as "Amarren Al Loco" ("Tie Up That Madman") by Cuban bandleader Rosendo Ruiz Jr., also known as Rosendo Ruiz Quevedo, but became best known in the "El Loco Cha Cha" arrangement by René Touzet which included a rhythmic ten-note "1-2-3 1–2 1-2-3 1–2" riff. [6]

René Touzet American bandleader

René Touzet y Monte was a Cuban-born American composer, pianist and bandleader.

"Louie Louie" 10-note riff Louie Louie rhythm.svg
"Louie Louie" 10-note riff

Touzet performed the tune regularly in Los Angeles clubs in the 1950s. In Berry's mind, the words "Louie Louie" superimposed themselves over the bass riff. Lyrically, the first person perspective of the song was influenced by "One for My Baby (And One More for the Road)," which is sung from the perspective of a customer talking to a bartender. ("Louie" is the name of Berry's bartender.) [7] Berry cited Chuck Berry's "Havana Moon" and his exposure to Latin American music for the song's speech pattern and references to Jamaica. [8]


A bassline is the term used in many styles of music, such as jazz, blues, funk, dub and electronic, traditional music, or classical music for the low-pitched instrumental part or line played by a rhythm section instrument such as the electric bass, double bass, cello, tuba or keyboard. In unaccompanied solo performance, basslines may simply be played in the lower register of any instrument such as guitar or piano while melody and/or further accompaniment is provided in the middle or upper register. In solo music for piano and pipe organ, these instruments have an excellent lower register that can be used to play a deep bassline. On organs, the bass line is typically played using the pedal keyboard and massive 16' and 32' bass pipes.

A first-person narrative is a mode of storytelling in which a narrator relays events from their own point of view using the first person i.e. "I" or "we", etc. It may be narrated by a first person protagonist, first person re-teller, first person witness, or first person peripheral. A classic example of a first person protagonist narrator is Charlotte Brontë's Jane Eyre (1847), in which the title character is also the narrator telling her own story, "I could not unlove him now, merely because I found that he had ceased to notice me".

Chuck Berry American rock-and-roll guitarist, singer, songwriter

Charles Edward Anderson Berry was an American singer and songwriter, and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music. With songs such as "Maybellene" (1955), "Roll Over Beethoven" (1956), "Rock and Roll Music" (1957) and "Johnny B. Goode" (1958), Berry refined and developed rhythm and blues into the major elements that made rock and roll distinctive. Writing lyrics that focused on teen life and consumerism, and developing a music style that included guitar solos and showmanship, Berry was a major influence on subsequent rock music.

Richard Berry released his version in April 1957 (Flip Records 321), [2] originally as a B-side, with his backing band the Pharaohs, and scored a regional hit on the west coast, particularly in San Francisco. When the group toured the Pacific Northwest, local R&B bands began to play the song, increasing its popularity. The track was then re-released as an A-side. [9] However, the single never charted on Billboard's national rhythm and blues or pop charts. Berry's label reported that the single had sold 40,000 copies. After a series of unsuccessful follow-ups, Berry sold his portion of publishing and songwriting rights for $750 to the head of Flip Records in 1959. [10]

While the title of the song is often rendered with a comma ("Louie, Louie"), in 1988, Berry told Esquire magazine that the correct title of the song was "Louie Louie," with no comma. [11]

Although similar to the original, the version on Rhino's 1983 The Best of Louie, Louie compilation [12] is actually a note-for-note re-recording created because licensing could not be obtained for Berry's 1957 version. [13] The original version was not released on CD until the Ace Records Love That Louie compilation in 2002.

Cover versions

By some accounts "Louie Louie" is the world's most recorded rock song with over 1,600 versions and counting (with more appearing regularly on YouTube and elsewhere). [14]


Rockin' Robin Roberts

"Louie Louie"
Etiquette ET-1 Label.jpeg
Single by Rockin' Robin Roberts
B-side "Maryanne"
Label Etiquette
Songwriter(s) Richard Berry

Robin Roberts developed an interest in rock 'n' roll and rhythm and blues records as a high school student in Tacoma, Washington. Among the songs he began performing as an occasional guest singer with a local band, the Bluenotes, in 1958 were "Louie Louie", which he had heard on Berry's obscure original single, and Bobby Day's "Rockin' Robin", which gave him his stage name. In 1959, Roberts left the Bluenotes and began singing with another local band, the Wailers (often known as the Fabulous Wailers, who had had a hit record with the instrumental "Tall Cool One"). Known for his dynamic onstage performances, Roberts added "Louie Louie" to the band's set and, in 1960 recorded the track with the Wailers as his backing band. [15] The arrangement, devised by Roberts with the band, included Roberts' ad-lib "Let's give it to 'em, RIGHT NOW!!" [16] Released on the band's own label, Etiquette, in early 1961, it became a hit locally and was then reissued and promoted by Liberty Records in Los Angeles, but it failed to chart. Roberts was killed in an automobile accident in 1967. [15]

The Kingsmen

"Louie Louie"
Jerden 712 Label.jpeg
Original release
Single by The Kingsmen
from the album The Kingsmen In Person
B-side "Haunted Castle"
ReleasedJune 1963 [17]
RecordedApril 1963
Genre Garage rock [18]
Label Jerden
Songwriter(s) Richard Berry
  • Ken Chase
  • Jerry Dennon
The Kingsmen singles chronology
"Louie Louie"
Audio sample

On April 6, 1963, [19] [20] a rock and roll group from Portland, Oregon, called the Kingsmen, chose "Louie Louie" as their second recording, their first having been "Peter Gunn Rock". The Kingsmen recorded the song at Northwestern, Inc., Motion Pictures and Recording in Portland. The session cost $50, and the band split the cost. [21] (On September 5, 2013, the city of Portland dedicated a plaque at the site, 411 SW 13th Avenue, to commemorate the event. [22] An earlier version placed by the Oregon Historical Society had been stolen shortly after its dedication in 1993.)

The session was produced by Ken Chase. Chase was a local radio personality on the AM rock station 91 KISN and also owned the teen nightclub that hosted the Kingsmen as their house band. The engineer for the session was the studio owner, Robert Lindahl. The Kingsmen's lead singer Jack Ely based his version on the recording by Rockin' Robin Roberts with the Fabulous Wailers, unintentionally introducing a change in the rhythm as he showed the others how to play it with a 1–2–3, 1–2, 1–2–3 beat instead of the 1–2–3–4, 1–2, 1–2–3–4 beat on the Wailers record. [23] The night before their recording session, the band played a 90-minute version of the song during a gig at a local teen club.

The Kingsmen's studio version was recorded in one take. They also recorded the "B" side of the release, an original instrumental by the group called "Haunted Castle".

A significant error on the Kingsmen version occurs just after the lead guitar break. As the group was going by the Wailers version, which has a brief restatement of the riff two times over before the lead vocalist comes back in, it would be expected that Ely would do the same. Ely, however, overshot his mark, coming in too soon, before the restatement of the riff. He realized his mistake and stopped the verse short, but the band did not realize that he had done so. As a quick fix, drummer Lynn Easton covered the pause with a drum fill, but before the verse ended, the rest of the band went into the chorus at the point where they expected it to be. This error is now so embedded in the consciousness of some groups that they deliberately duplicate it when performing the song.

The Kingsmen transformed Berry's easy-going ballad into a raucous romp, complete with a twangy guitar, occasional background chatter, and nearly unintelligible lyrics by Ely. [24] A guitar break is triggered by the shout, "Okay, let's give it to 'em right now!", which first appeared in the Wailers version, [25] as did the entire guitar break (although, in the Wailers version, a few notes differ, and the entire band played the break). Critic Dave Marsh suggests it is this moment that gives the recording greatness: "[Ely] went for it so avidly you'd have thought he'd spotted the jugular of a lifelong enemy, so crudely that, at that instant, Ely sounds like Donald Duck on helium. And it's that faintly ridiculous air that makes the Kingsmen's record the classic that it is, especially since it's followed by a guitar solo that's just as wacky." [26]

First released in May 1963, the single was initially issued by the small Jerden label, before being picked up by the larger Wand Records and released by them in October 1963. It entered the top ten on the Billboard Hot 100 chart for December 7, and peaked at number two the following week, a spot which it held for six non-consecutive weeks; it would remain in the top 10 through December and January before dropping off in early February. [27] In total, the Kingsmen's version spent 16 weeks on the Hot 100. (Singles by the Singing Nun, then Bobby Vinton, monopolized the top slot for eight weeks.) "Louie Louie" did reach number one on the Cashbox pop chart for two weeks, as well as number one on the Cashbox R&B chart. [28] It was the last #1 on Cashbox before Beatlemania hit the United States with "I Want to Hold Your Hand". [29] The version quickly became a standard at teen parties in the U.S. during the 1960s, even reappearing on the charts in 1966.

"Louie Louie"
Wand 143 Label.jpeg
Second Wand release with "Lead vocal by Jack Ely" text
Single by The Kingsmen
from the album The Kingsmen in Person
B-side "Haunted Castle" [30]
ReleasedOctober 1963
RecordedApril 1963
Length2:42 (2:24 on label)
Label Wand
Songwriter(s) Richard Berry
  • Ken Chase
  • Jerry Dennon

Another factor in the success of the record may have been the rumor that the lyrics were intentionally slurred by the Kingsmen—to cover up the alleged fact that the lyrics were laced with profanity, graphically depicting sex between the sailor and his lady. Crumpled pieces of paper professing to be "the real lyrics" to "Louie Louie" circulated among teens. The song was banned on many radio stations and in many places in the United States, including Indiana, where it was personally prohibited by Governor Matthew Welsh. [31] [32] [33] [34]

These actions were taken despite the small matter that practically no one could distinguish the actual lyrics. Denials of chicanery by Kingsmen and Ely did not stop the controversy. The FBI started a 31-month investigation into the matter and concluded they were "unable to interpret any of the wording in the record." [3] Ironically, however, drummer Lynn Easton later admitted that he yelled "Fuck" after fumbling a drumstick at 0:54 on the record. [21] [35] [36]

Sales of the Kingsmen record were so low (reportedly 600) that the group considered disbanding. Things changed when Boston's biggest DJ, Arnie Ginsburg, was given the record by a pitchman. Amused by its slapdash sound, he played it on his program as "The Worst Record of the Week". Despite the slam, listener response was swift and positive.

By the end of October, it was listed in Billboard as a regional breakout and a "bubbling under" entry for the national chart. Meanwhile, the Raiders version, with far stronger promotion, was becoming a hit in California and was also listed as "bubbling under" one week after the Kingsmen debuted on the chart. For a few weeks, the two singles appeared destined to battle each other, but demand for the Kingsmen single acquired momentum and, by the end of 1963, Columbia Records had stopped promoting the Raiders version, as ordered by Mitch Miller.

By the time the Kingsmen version had achieved national popularity, the band had split. Two rival editions—one featuring lead singer Jack Ely, the other with Lynn Easton who held the rights to the band's name—were competing for live audiences across the country. A settlement was reached later in 1964 giving Easton the right to the Kingsmen name but requiring all future pressings of the original version of "Louie Louie" to display "Lead vocal by Jack Ely" on the label.

On November 9, 1998, after a protracted lawsuit that lasted five years and cost $1.3 million, the Kingsmen were awarded ownership of all their recordings released on Wand Records from Gusto Records, including "Louie Louie". They had not been paid royalties on the songs since the 1960s. [37] [38]

When Jack Ely died on April 28, 2015, his son reported that "... my father would say, 'We were initially just going to record the song as an instrumental, and at the last minute I decided I'd sing it.'" When it came time to do that, however, Ely discovered the sound engineer had raised the studio's only microphone several feet above his head. Then he placed Ely in the middle of his fellow musicians, all in an effort to create a better "live feel" for the recording. The result, Ely would say over the years, was that he had to stand on his toes, lean his head back and shout as loudly as he could just to be heard over the drums and guitars. [39]

Paul Revere & the Raiders

"Louie Louie"
Raiders Sande 45.jpg
Single by Paul Revere & the Raiders
from the album Here They Come!
B-side "Night Train"
ReleasedJune 1963
RecordedApril 1963
Label Sandē
Songwriter(s) Richard Berry
Producer(s) Roger Hart
Paul Revere & the Raiders singles chronology
"So Fine"
"Louie Louie"
"Louie Go Home"

Paul Revere & the Raiders also recorded a version of "Louie Louie", probably on April 13, 1963, in the same Portland studio as the Kingsmen. [40] [41] The recording was paid for and produced by KISN radio personality Roger Hart, who soon became personal manager for the band. Released on Hart's Sandē label, their version was more successful locally. Columbia Records issued the single nationally in June 1963 and it went to #1 in the West and Hawaii. The quick success of "Louie Louie" suddenly halted, however, and a few years later Paul Revere & the Raiders learned the reason—Columbia A&R man Mitch Miller, a former bandleader ( Sing Along With Mitch ) who hated rock and roll, had pulled the plug on their version.

Robert Lindahl, president and chief engineer of NWI and sound engineer on both the Kingsmen and Raiders recordings, [42] noted that the Raiders version was not known for "garbled lyrics" or an amateurish recording technique. But despite these attributes, the single never seized the public's attention the way the less-polished Kingsmen version did.

Frank Zappa and The Mothers of Invention

"Louie Louie" repeatedly figured in the musical lexicon of Frank Zappa and the Mothers of Invention in the 1960s. An early live version of his original composition "Plastic People" (from his You Can't Do That Onstage Anymore series of live albums) was set to the melody of "Louie Louie" (the official version was released on the album Absolutely Free in 1967). Zappa has said that he fired guitarist Alice Stuart from the Mothers of Invention because she couldn't play "Louie Louie", although this comment was obviously intended as a joke. At a Zappa concert at the Royal Albert Hall in London, Mothers of Invention keyboardist Don Preston climbed up to the legendary venue's pipe organ, usually used for classical works, and played the signature riff (included on the 1969 Zappa album Uncle Meat ). Quick interpolations of "Louie Louie" also frequently turn up in other Zappa works.

Other 1960s versions

After the Kingsmen and Raiders versions, many other bands recorded the song:



"Louie Louie"
Louie Louie Motorhead.jpg
Single by Motörhead
from the album Overkill (re-issue)
B-side "Tear Ya Down"
ReleasedSeptember 30, 1978
Format 7-inch single
Studio Wessex, London
Label Bronze/EMI
Songwriter(s) Richard Berry
  • Neil Richmond
  • Motörhead
Motörhead singles chronology
"Louie Louie"

"Louie Louie" was Motörhead's first single for Bronze Records in 1978, following their initial release on Chiswick Records in 1977. It was a relatively faithful cover of the song, with Clarke's guitar emulating the Hohner Pianet electric piano riff. It was released as a 7" vinyl single and reached number 68 on the UK Singles Chart. The song was released with "Tear Ya Down" and appears on the CD re-issues of Overkill and The Best of Motörhead compilation. On 25 October 1978 a pre-recording of the band playing this song was broadcast on the BBC show Top of the Pops . [46]

Track listing
  1. "Louie Louie" (Richard Berry)
  2. "Tear Ya Down" (Eddie Clarke, Ian Kilmister, Phil Taylor)

Other 1970s versions

  • The song was covered by the Flamin' Groovies on their 1971 album Teenage Head .
  • A 1971 version by "John Lennon and Friends" recorded at his 31st birthday party was released on the 1989 bootleg CD Let's Have A Party. [47]
  • In 1972, Berry released the song again as a single on the Happy Tiger label. This was the label's final release before it folded. [48]


Black Flag

"Louie Louie"
Black Flag - Louie Louie cover.jpg
The cover features Black Flag's singer Dez Cadena and some of his improvised lyrics to "Louie Louie".
Single by Black Flag
B-side "Damaged I"
Released1981 (1981)
Genre Hardcore punk
Label Posh Boy

The Hermosa Beach, California hardcore punk band Black Flag released a cover version of "Louie Louie" as a single in 1981 through Posh Boy Records. [53] It was the band's first release with Dez Cadena as singer, replacing Ron Reyes who had left the group the previous year. [54] [55] Cadena would go on to sing on the Six Pack EP before switching to rhythm guitar and being replaced on vocals by Henry Rollins. [54] [56] Cadena improvised his own lyrics to "Louie Louie", such as "You know the pain that's in my heart / It just shows I'm not very smart / Who needs love when you've got a gun? / Who needs love to have any fun?" [53] The single also included an early version of "Damaged I", which would be re-recorded with Rollins for the band's debut album, Damaged , later that year. [53] Demo versions of both tracks, recorded with Cadena, were included on the 1982 compilation album Everything Went Black . [57]

The front cover art shows the main verse of the lyrics to "Louie Louie" over a photograph by Edward Colver featuring Black Flag's third singer Dez Cadena.

Bryan Carroll of AllMusic gave the single four out of five stars, saying that "Of the more than 1,500 commitments of Richard Berry's 'Louie Louie' to wax ... Black Flag's volatile take on the song is incomparable. No strangers to controversy themselves, the band pummel the song with their trademark pre-Henry Rollins-era guitar sludge, while singer Dez Cadena spits out his nihilistic rewording of the most misunderstood lyrics in rock history." [53] Both tracks from the single were included on the 1983 compilation album The First Four Years , and "Louie Louie" was also included on 1987's Wasted...Again . [58] [59] A live version of "Louie Louie", recorded by the band's 1985 lineup, was released on the live album Who's Got the 10½? , with Rollins improvising his own lyrics. [60]

Other 1980s versions




Answer songs and sequels

"Louie Louie" compilations

Lyrics investigation

In February 1964, an outraged parent [72] wrote to Robert F. Kennedy, then the Attorney General of the United States, alleging that the lyrics of "Louie Louie" were obscene. The Federal Bureau of Investigation investigated the complaint. [73] In June 1965, the FBI laboratory obtained a copy of the Kingsmen recording and, after 31 months of investigation, concluded that it could not be interpreted, that it was "unintelligible at any speed," [74] and therefore the Bureau could not find that the recording was obscene. [3] In September 1965, an FBI agent interviewed one member of the Kingsmen, who denied that there was any obscenity in the song. The FBI never bothered either to interview songwriter Richard Berry or to consult the actual lyrics that were on file with the U.S. Copyright Office. [3] [75]

A history of the song and its notoriety was published in 1992 by Dave Marsh, but when he wrote the said history, Marsh was unable to obtain permission to publish the song's actual lyrics. [76] Richard Berry told Esquire Magazine, in 1988, that the Kingsmen had sung the song exactly as written. [11]

The lyrics controversy resurfaced briefly in 2005 when the superintendent of the school system in Benton Harbor, Michigan, refused to let the marching band at one of the schools play the song in a parade. She later relented. [77] [78]

Cultural impact

It is unknown exactly how many versions of "Louie Louie" have been recorded, but it is believed to be over 1,500 (according to LouieLouie.net). [79] The Kingsmen version has remained the most popular version of the song, retaining its association with wild partying. It enjoyed a comeback in 1978–1979 and was associated with college fraternity parties when it was sung, complete with the supposedly obscene lyrics, by Bluto (John Belushi) and his fellow Delta House brothers in the movie National Lampoon's Animal House despite the anachronism of the film taking place in 1962, a year before the Kingsmen recording (although this is mitigated by the fact that the Deltas were fans of at least one black R&B musician, and 1962 was five years after Richard Berry released his original version of the song, plus the song had been popular with local bands in the Northwest following Rockin' Robin Roberts' 1961 single). Aside from the Animal House appearance, the song appeared in many other films, typically in raucous and humorous contexts.

Some bands have taken liberties with the lyrics, including attempts to record the supposed "obscene lyrics", notably the Stooges, whose version can be heard on their live album Metallic K.O. Iggy Pop later recorded a more civilized cover version of the song, with new lyrics composed by Pop, for his 1993 album American Caesar . He continues to play it live at shows.

The Who were directed in their early recording career by the riff/rhythm of "Louie Louie", owing to the song's influence on the Kinks, who, like the Who, were produced by Shel Talmy  — the Kinks on the Pye label and the Who on Brunswick. Talmy wanted the successful sounds of the Kinks' 1964 hits "You Really Got Me", "All Day and All of the Night", and "Till the End of the Day" to be copied by the Who. As a result, Pete Townshend penned "I Can't Explain", released in March 1965. During a pre-song interview with host Brian Matthew on Saturday Club in May, Pete explained that "I Can't Explain" was released to "introduce the Who to the charts" and that they were now trying to create the sort of sound they achieved on stage at present — hence the new single they were about to sing live on Saturday Club, the feedback-driven, Mod-inspired "Anyway, Anyhow, Anywhere". (In 1979 "Louie Louie" would be featured on the soundtrack album to Quadrophenia.)

Ian Curtis of Joy Division can be heard saying "You should hear our version of 'Louie Louie', woah" at the end of the band's live cover of The Velvet Underground's Sister Ray on their Still album.

The song has been used in a few Simpsons episodes: "Homer Goes To College" over the end credits, "Kill the Alligator and Run" when Homer is in the boat, and "We're on the Road to D'ohwhere" when Lisa's orchestra are rehearsing and their instruments begin to rust.

"Louie Louie" is referenced in the John Prine song "Lake Marie" and uses the words, "Oh baby, we gotta go now".

Use in movies

Various versions of "Louie Louie" have appeared in the films listed below. [80]

YearTitleVersion(s)On OST
1972Tijuana Blue [lower-alpha 1] Kingsmenn/a
1973 American Graffiti Flash Cadillac No [lower-alpha 2]
1978 National Lampoon's Animal House Kingsmen, John Belushi Yes [lower-alpha 3]
1979 Quadrophenia Kingsmen Yes [lower-alpha 4]
1983 Heart Like A Wheel Jack Ely No
Nightmares Black Flag Yes
1984 Blood Simple Toots and the Maytals No
1986The Cult: Live In Milan [lower-alpha 5] The Cult NoItalian release
1987Survival Game [lower-alpha 6] Kingsmenn/aAlso in trailer
The Return of Sherlock Holmes Cast (uncredited bar band)n/aTV movie
1988 The Naked Gun: From the Files of Police Squad! Marching Owl Band [lower-alpha 7] Yes
Coupe de Ville Kingsmen, Young MC [lower-alpha 8] Yes
Love at Stake KingsmenNo
1989 Fright Night Part 2 Black FlagNo
1992 Jennifer Eight KingsmenNo
Passed Away KingsmenYes
Dave Cast (Kevin Kline)No
1993 Wayne's World 2 Robert Plant Yes
1994 A Simple Twist of Fate Cast (party singalong)No
1995 Mr. Holland's Opus Cast (student band instrumental) No
Man of the House Kingsmenn/a
1996 Down Periscope Cast (Kelsey Grammer and others)n/a
1997 My Best Friend's Wedding Kingsmen No
1998ABC - The Alphabetic Tribe [lower-alpha 9] Kingsmen, Sandpipers n/aSwiss release
2001 Say It Isn't So KingsmenNo
2002La bande du drugstore [lower-alpha 10] Full SpiritsYesFrench release
24 Hour Party People John The Postman, Factory All Stars Yes [lower-alpha 11] UK release
2003 Old School Black Flag Yes
Coffee and Cigarettes Richard Berry, Iggy Pop Yes
2004 Friday Night Lights Cast (marching band instrumental) No
2005 Guy X Kingsmenn/a
2006 This Is England Toots and the Maytals Yes UK release
Bobby Cast (Demi Moore) [lower-alpha 12] No
2009 Capitalism: A Love Story Iggy Popn/a
2010Lemmy [lower-alpha 13] Motörhead n/aUK release
Knight and Day KingsmenNo
2012Best Possible Taste: The Kenny Everett Story [lower-alpha 14] Kingsmenn/aUK TV movie
2014 Desert Dancer Jack ElyNoUK release
2018 A Futile and Stupid Gesture Kingsmenn/a

The Kingsmen version was also used in television commercials for Spaced Invaders (1990) but did not appear in the movie.

Movie Table Notes
  1. "Tijuana Blue Soundtrack (1972)". ringostrack.com. Ringostrack.
  2. Not on the 1973 OST album or the 1979 More American Graffiti album.
  3. The Kingsmen version is heard in the film. The John Belushi version is on the soundtrack album.
  4. Only included on the 2000 CD reissue. Not on the 1979 LP or 1993 CD reissue.
  5. The Cult: Live in Milan on IMDb
  6. Survival Game on IMDb
  7. In the film the USC Trojan Marching Band is shown but the Rice University MOB version is heard.
  8. The Kingsmen version occurs during the film. The Young MC house mix plays during the credits and samples versions by the Kingsmen, Richard Berry, the Rice University MOB, the Sandpipers, and Les Dantz & His Orchestra.
  9. ABC – The Alphabetic Tribe on IMDb
  10. La bande du drugstore on IMDb
  11. Factory All Stars version only (with Ian Curtis).
  12. Imitation of 1969 Julie London version.
  13. Lemmy on IMDb
  14. Best Possible Taste: The Kenny Everett Story on IMDb

Washington State Song

In 1985, Ross Shafer, host and a writer-performer of the late-night comedy series Almost Live! on the Seattle TV station KING, spearheaded an effort to have "Louie Louie" replace "Washington, My Home" by Helen Davis as Washington's official state song. [81] Picking up on this initially prankish effort, Whatcom County Councilman Craig Cole introduced Resolution No. 85-12 in the state legislature, citing the need for a "contemporary theme song that can be used to engender a sense of pride and community, and in the enhancement of tourism and economic development". His resolution also called for the creation of a new "Louie Louie County". While the House did not pass it, the Senate's Resolution 1985-37 declared April 12, 1985, "Louie Louie Day". A crowd of 4,000, estimated by press reports, convened at the state capitol that day for speeches, singalongs, and performances by the Wailers, the Kingsmen, and Paul Revere & the Raiders. Two days later, a Seattle event commemorated the occasion with the premiere performance of a new, Washington-centric version of the song written by composer Berry. [82] [83] While the effort failed in the end, the song is still played, following "Take Me Out to the Ball Game" during the seventh-inning stretch at all Seattle Mariners home games.

International Louie Louie Day

April 11 (Richard Berry's birthday) is celebrated as International Louie Louie Day [84] [85] [86] and is listed by Chase's Calendar of Events, the National Special Events Registry, [87] and other sources. This date was chosen as the most significant date for the observance of International Louie Louie Day from a list of "Louie Louie"-related dates occurring in April, including:

April 6, 1963 – The Kingsmen recorded the version that made "Louie Louie" famous. [19] [88]

April 13, 1963 Paul Revere and the Raiders recorded their competing version in the same studio. [89]

April 1, 1985 – First annual WMMR Louie Louie Parade in Philadelphia (canceled in 1989 due to excessive rowdiness). [90] [91] [92]

April 12, 1985 – "Louie Louie Day" proclaimed by the state of Washington. [90]

April 14, 1985 – "Louie Louie Day" proclaimed by the mayor of Seattle. [93]

April 2, 1986 – "Louie Louie Day" proclaimed by the state of Oregon. [94]

April 10, 1998 – The Kingsmen won a historic legal case against Gusto Records/GML, regaining ownership and royalty rights to all their recordings. [95]

Support for International Louie Louie Day and other "Louie Louie"-related observances is provided by the Louie Louie Advocacy and Music Appreciation Society (LLAMAS) [96] [97] and "Louie Louie" fans worldwide. Commemorations of International Louie Louie Day have included newspaper articles, [85] magazine stories, [84] [86] and radio programs with discussions of the song's history and playlists of multiple "Louie Louie" versions. [98] [99] [100] [101] In 2011, KFJC celebrated International Louie Louie Day with a reprise of its 1983 "Maximum Louie Louie" event, featuring multiple "Louie Louie" versions, new music by Richard Berry and appearances by musicians, DJs, and celebrities with "Louie Louie" connections. [102]


The City of Tacoma held a summer music and arts festival from 2003 to 2012 in July named LouieFest. [103] The event began in 2003 as the "1000 Guitars Festival" and featured a group performance of "Louie Louie" open to anyone with a guitar. The event was renamed LouieFest in 2004. Members of the Wailers, Kingsmen, Raiders, Sonics and other groups with "Louie Louie" associations regularly made appearances. The grand finale each year was the "Celebration of 1000 Guitars" mass performance of "Louie Louie" on the main stage.

Louie Louie sculpture

A sculpture titled "Louie Louie, 2013" by Las Vegas-based artist Tim Bavington is displayed on the lobby wall of the Edith Green - Wendell Wyatt Federal Building in Portland, Oregon. The work is constructed of 80 colored glass and acrylic panels representing the waveforms of the song using Bavington's concept of sculpting sound waves. [104] [105]

Recognition and rankings

Summary of "Louie Louie" rankings and recognition in major publications and surveys.

Rock & Roll Hall of Fame Hall of Fame Singles2018None [106]
Rock & Roll Hall of Fame 500 Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll1995None [107]
National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences Grammy Hall of Fame 1999None [108]
National Public Radio The 300 Most Important American Records of the 20th Century1999None [109]
The Wire Magazine The 100 Most Important Records Ever Made1992None [110]
Mojo Magazine Ultimate Jukebox: The 100 Singles You Must Own2003#1 [111]
Paste Magazine The 50 Best Garage Rock Songs of All Time2014#3 [112]
Rolling Stone Magazine 40 Songs That Changed The World2007#5 [113]
All Time Top 1000 Albums , Colin Larkin The All-Time Top 100 Singles2000#6 [114]
VH1 100 Greatest Songs of Rock and Roll2000#11 [115]
The Heart of Rock and Soul, Dave Marsh The 1001 Greatest Singles Ever Made1989#11 [116]
Rolling Stone Magazine The 100 Best Singles of the Last 25 Years1989#18 [117]
VH1 100 Greatest Dance Songs2000#27 [118]
Mojo Magazine 100 Greatest Singles of All Time1997#51 [119]
Rolling Stone Magazine The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time 2004#54 [120]
NEA and RIAA Songs of the Century 1999#57 [121]
Mojo Magazine Big Bangs: 100 Records That Changed The World2007# 70 [122]
Pitchfork Magazine The 200 Best Songs of the 1960s2006#154 [123]
NME Magazine The 500 Greatest Songs of All Time2014#157 [124]
WCBS-FM Top 1001 Songs of the Century2005#184 [125]

Related Research Articles

Smells Like Teen Spirit original song written and composed by Kurt Cobain, Dave Grohl, Krist Novoselic

"Smells Like Teen Spirit" is a song by American rock band Nirvana. It is the opening track and lead single from the band's second album, Nevermind (1991), released on DGC Records.

Paul Revere & the Raiders rock band

Paul Revere & the Raiders was an American rock band that saw considerable U.S. mainstream success in the second half of the 1960s and early 1970s. Among their hits are the songs "Kicks", "Hungry" (1966), "Him Or Me – What's It Gonna Be?" (1967), and the Platinum-certified classic No. 1 single "Indian Reservation" (1971).

The Sonics band

The Sonics are an American garage rock band from Tacoma, Washington that formed in 1960. Their aggressive, hard-edged sound has been a major influence on punk, garage, and hard rock music worldwide, and they have been named as inspirations to Nirvana, Bruce Springsteen, the Fall, and other major artists.

Hang On Sloopy single

"Hang On Sloopy" is a 1964 song by Wes Farrell and Bert Berns, originally titled "My Girl Sloopy", it was first recorded and made a hit by R&B vocal group The Vibrations. Rock band The McCoys later covered it; the song peaked at #1 on the US Billboard Hot 100 and #5 on the UK Singles Chart.

Roll Over Beethoven original song written and composed by Chuck Berry

"Roll Over Beethoven" is a 1956 hit single written by Chuck Berry, originally released on Chess Records, with "Drifting Heart" as the B-side. The lyrics of the song mention rock and roll and the desire for rhythm and blues to replace classical music. The title of the song is an imperative directed at the composer Ludwig van Beethoven to roll over in his grave in reaction to the new genre of music that Berry was promoting. The song has been covered by many other artists, including the Beatles and the Electric Light Orchestra. Rolling Stone magazine ranked it number 97 on its list of the "500 Greatest Songs of All Time".

The Wailers, often credited as The Fabulous Wailers, were an American rock band from Tacoma, Washington. They became popular around the United States Pacific Northwest around the late 1950s and the start of the 1960s, performing saxophone-driven R&B and Chuck Berry rock and roll. Their biggest hit was "Tall Cool One", first released in 1959, and they have been credited as being "one of the very first, if not the first, of the American garage bands."

Stand (R.E.M. song) Song by the American alternative rock band R.E.M.

"Stand" is a song by the American alternative rock band R.E.M., released as the second single from the album Green in 1989. The song peaked at number six on the Billboard Hot 100, becoming R.E.M.'s second top 10 hit in the United States, and topped both the Mainstream Rock Tracks and Modern Rock Tracks charts. The song reached number 48 on the UK Singles Chart and number 16 in Canada. It was placed on R.E.M.'s Warner Bros. Records "best of" album In Time: The Best of R.E.M. 1988–2003 in 2003, as well as the 2011 compilation album Part Lies, Part Heart, Part Truth, Part Garbage.

<i>American Caesar</i> (album) 1993 studio album by Iggy Pop

American Caesar is the tenth studio album by American rock singer Iggy Pop, released in September 1993 by record label Virgin.

Mark Lindsay American rock singer-songwriter, musician and saxophonist

Mark Lindsay is an American musician, best known as the lead singer of Paul Revere & the Raiders.

Louie, Go Home 1964 single by Paul Revere and the Raiders

"Louie, Go Home" is a song written by Paul Revere and Mark Lindsay as a sequel to "Louie Louie" by Richard Berry. It was recorded by Paul Revere and the Raiders in 1963 and released in March 1964.

Do You Love Me single by The Contours

"Do You Love Me" is a 1962 hit single recorded by The Contours for Motown's Gordy Records label. Written and produced by Motown CEO Berry Gordy, Jr., "Do You Love Me?" was the Contours' only Top 40 single on the Billboard Hot 100 chart in the United States. Notably, the record achieved this feat twice, once in 1962 and again in 1988. A main point of the song is to name the Mashed Potato, The Twist, and a variation of the title "I like it like that", as "You like it like this", and many other fad dances of the 1960s.

LouieFest is an American music festival featuring the prominent contributions to rock and roll by bands and performers, both emerging and established, from the Northwest region. Organized in 2003 by John 'Buck' Ormsby and Kent Morrill, founding members of The Wailers, LouieFest is an annual fundraising event for the Wailers Performing Arts Foundation which provides scholarships, instruments, music lessons and mentoring for youth music education.

Lawrence Fewell Roberts II, known as Robin Roberts and in his music career as "Rockin' Robin" Roberts, was an American singer best known for his performances in the early 1960s with The Wailers, a rock and roll band based in Tacoma, Washington. His best known record was the earliest cover version of Richard Berry's "Louie Louie", recorded in 1960 and released the following year.

Jack Ely American guitarist and singer

Jack Brown Ely was an American guitarist and singer, best known for singing the Kingsmen's version of "Louie Louie". Classically trained in piano, he began playing guitar after seeing Elvis Presley on television. In 1959, he co-founded the Kingsmen and with them recorded "Louie Louie" in 1963; Ely's famously incoherent vocals were partly the result of his braces and the rudimentary recording method. Before the record became a hit Ely was forced out of the group and began playing with his new band, the Courtmen. Ely died in Terrebonne, Oregon, on April 28, 2015 at age 71.

<i>The Kingsmen In Person</i> 1963 studio album by The Kingsmen

The Kingsmen in Person is the first album by the rock band The Kingsmen, released in 1963. The album featured "Louie Louie", the band's biggest success. Jack Ely, the singer of "Louie Louie", appeared on no other track on the album because he quit before it was recorded.

Kearney Whitsell Barton was an American record producer active in Seattle, Washington from the 1950s to the 2000s. Particularly known for his 1950s and 1960s-era recordings of garage rock bands, Barton recorded many Pacific Northwest musicians such as The Fleetwoods, The Ventures, The Wailers, The Sonics, The Frantics, The Kingsmen, Quincy Jones, Ann and Nancy Wilson, Bonnie Guitar, and Dave Lewis.

"Farmer John" is a song written by Don "Sugarcane" Harris and Dewey Terry, and first recorded by the two as the American R&B duo Don and Dewey, in 1959. Although the original version of the composition did not receive much attention, it was reinvigorated by the garage rock band the Premiers, whose raving cover version was released in 1964. The song's raw and partying atmosphere was immensely popular, reaching number 19 on the Billboard Hot 100. Following the group's national success, several additional interpretations of "Farmer John" were released, making the tune a classic of garage rock.

Don and the Goodtimes

Don and the Goodtimes were an American garage rock band formed in Portland, Oregon, in 1964. Fronted by Don Gallucci, former keyboardist of the Kingsmen, the group made a name for itself in the Northwest rock scene performing in a similar style as their contemporaries the Wailers and the Sonics. Over time, Don and the Goodtimes honed their vocal harmonies and earned two hits on the Billboard Hot 100 in 1967, including their biggest hit "I Could Be So Good to You". The band released their album, So Good, and later experimented with psychedelia under the moniker Touch before disbanding in 1969.



  1. Flip 321 re-released later in 1957 with "Louie Louie" as A-side and "Rock, Rock, Rock" as B-side.
  2. 1 2 45 Discography for Flip Records, Global Dog Productions, accessed 2009-11-11
  3. 1 2 3 4 "The Lascivious 'Louie Louie'". The Smoking Gun. Retrieved February 18, 2009.
  4. Marsh, Dave (1993). Louie Louie: The History and Mythology of the World's Most Famous Rock 'n' Roll Song. New York, New York: Hyperion. ISBN   1-5628-2865-7.
  5. Palumbo, Ralph (September 25, 2015). "Barry Rillera - A RockWest Original Interview". ROCKWEST. Retrieved June 20, 2019.
  6. Marsh, p. 31
  7. Marsh, pp. 31–33
  8. Liner notes, Rhino Records re-release The Best of Louie Louie (1989; Rhino R1 70605)
  9. "Louie History", The Louie Louie pages, accessed 2009-11-11
  10. Marsh, p. 45
  11. 1 2 Greene, Bob (September 1988). "The Man Who Wrote 'Louie Louie'". Esquire (110): 63–67.
  12. 1 2 "The Best of Louie Louie, Vol. 1 - Various Artists". AllMusic . Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  13. Marsh, p.41
  14. Blecha, Peter (April 1, 2007). "Garage Rock Anthem "Louie Louie" Turns 50". The Seattle Times . Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  15. 1 2 Peter Blecha, Biography of "Rockin' Robin" Roberts, HistoryLink.org
  16. The Louie Louie Discography: Rockin' Robin Roberts
  17. http://www.45cat.com/record/nc890919us
  18. Stiernberg, Bonnie. "The 50 Best Garage Rock Songs of All Time". Paste . Retrieved May 15, 2016.
  19. 1 2 Peterson, p. 45
  20. Blecha, p. 137
  21. 1 2 Blecha 2009, p. 138
  22. Cheesman, Shannon (September 5, 2013). "Everybody sing! 'Louie Louie, oh no, me gotta go'" . Retrieved February 25, 2014.
  23. Marsh, Dave (1999). The Heart of Rock & Soul. New York: Da Capo Press. p. 15.
  24. Marsh, p. 97. Ely had to stand on tiptoe to sing into a boom mike, and his braces further impeded his singing.
  25. Marsh, p. 67
  26. Marsh, Dave, 1989, The Heart of Rock and Roll, New American Library, p. 14. Marsh ranks the song as number eleven out of the 1001 greatest singles ever made.
  27. Whitburn, Joel (2001). Joel Whitburn Presents Billboard Top 10 Singles Charts. Menomonee, Wisconsin: Record Research, Inc. pp. 69–72. ISBN   0-89820-146-2.
  28. Whitburn, Joel (2004). Top R&B/Hip-Hop Singles: 1942–2004. Record Research. p. 328.
  29. Hoffmann, Frank (1983). The Cash Box Singles Charts, 1950-1981. Metuchen, NJ & London: The Scarecrow Press, Inc. p. 835.
  30. B-side changed to "Little Green Thing" on later releases. Changed back to "Haunted Castle" for 1966 re-release.
  31. Fagggen, Gil (February 1, 1964). "Indiana Gov. Puts Down 'Pornographic' Wand Tune" (PDF). Billboard magazine. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  32. Blecha, Peter (February 15, 2003). "Louie Louie – the Saga of a Pacific Northwest Hit Song". HistoryLink . Retrieved March 5, 2016.
  33. Milstein, Phil (June 28, 2006). "Seconds". Stylus Magazine . Retrieved March 11, 2013.
  34. Higgins, Will (January 2, 2019). "That time Indiana teens ratted out dirty 'Louie Louie' lyrics, and the FBI got involved". Indianapolis Star . Retrieved March 2, 2019.
  35. Marsh, p. 97
  36. Attig, Rick (August 4, 1987). "Ex-Kingsman brings act to C.O." The Bend Bulletin . Retrieved March 11, 2013.
  37. Stern, Christopher (November 9, 1998). "Kingsmen reign - High court grants royalties, tapes of 'Louie'". Variety .
  38. Lawsuit info at Louielouie.org Archived March 12, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  39. Dubois, Steven; Rogers, John (April 28, 2015). "'Louie Louie' Singer Jack Ely Dies in Oregon at 71". Huffington Post . Associated Press . Retrieved March 5, 2016.
  40. Blecha p. 139
  41. Following the death of Kingsmen singer Jack Ely, Mark Lindsay tweeted on April 28, 2015, "To settle it once and for all: Jack Ely/The Kingsmen recorded Louie Louie 3 days BEFORE the Raiders."
  42. Predoehl, Eric. "A Short History of Louie Louie". LouieLouie.net. Archived from the original on March 26, 2009. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  43. Manzarek, Ray (1998). Light My Fire - My Life with The Doors. New York: Berkley Boulevard Books. p. 86. ISBN   0-425-17045-4.
  44. Miles, Barry (2002). In The Sixties. London: Jonathan Cape. p. 104. ISBN   0-224-06240-9.
  45. "Pink Floyd Setlist at Roundhouse, London, England". setlist.fm. December 3, 1966. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  46. Burridge, Alan Illustrated Collector's Guide to Motörhead Published: 1995, Collector's Guide Publishing ISBN   0-9695736-2-6.
  47. "John Lennon - Let's Have a Party". discogs.com. Retrieved March 22, 2019.
  48. "45 Discography for Happy Tiger Records". Global Dog Productions. 2008. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
  49. "MC5 Setlist at Kulttuuritalo, Helsinki, Finland". setlist.fm. November 17, 1972. Retrieved May 22, 2019.
  50. Marsh, p. 124.
  51. Marsh, p. 152.
  52. The Clash – Bootlegs & Rarities > Louie Is A Punkrocker
  53. 1 2 3 4 Carroll, Bryan. "Review: 'Louie Louie'". AllMusic . Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  54. 1 2 The First Four Years (CD insert). Black Flag. Lawndale, California: SST Records. 1983. SST CD 021.CS1 maint: others (link)
  55. Azerrad, Michael (2001). Our Band Could Be Your Life: Scenes from the American Indie Underground 1981–1991 . New York City: Little, Brown and Company. pp. 24–25. ISBN   0-316-78753-1.
  56. Azerrad, pp. 28–29.
  57. Ogg, Alex. "Review: Everything Went Black". AllMusic . Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  58. Dougan, John. "Review: The First Four Years". AllMusic . Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  59. Dougan, John. "Review: Wasted...Again". AllMusic . Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  60. Raggett, Ned. "Review: Who's Got the 10½?". AllMusic . Retrieved July 12, 2011.
  61. "Known Grateful Dead Performances of Louie Louie" . Retrieved September 25, 2013.
  62. The Fat Boys, Coming Back Hard Again, Tin Pan Alley/Polydor, 1988
  63. "Old Rockers Still Boppin' to Kingsmen". The Register-Guard . Portland, Oregon. May 4, 1985. p. 4A. Retrieved March 29, 2014.
  64. Jennings, Thom (July 3, 2019). "Burton Cummings delivers the hits at Artpark". The Niagara Gazette.
  65. Bernstein, Scott (February 7, 2019). "Early Dave Matthews Band Recording From 1992 Surfaces" . Retrieved February 10, 2019.
  66. Swogger, Brendan. "One on One: An Evening with Billy Joel". Vortex Magazine. Retrieved December 20, 2017.
  67. Marsh, p. 41-42
  68. "The Best of Louie Louie, Vol. 2 - Various Artists". AllMusic . Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  69. "Louie Louie Collection – Various Artists". AllMusic . Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  70. "The First Louie Louie Spanish Compilation". The Louie Louie Pages – Theo de Grood. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  71. "Love That Louie: The Louie Louie Files – Various Artists". AllMusic . Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  72. "Louie Louie (The Song)". FBI. Retrieved April 28, 2019.
  73. "FBI Eyes 'Louie' Lyrics" (PDF). Billboard magazine. September 11, 1965. Retrieved May 15, 2019.
  74. RocKwiz , broadcast July 31, 2010
  75. "Louie Louie". 2007. Retrieved June 28, 2011.
  76. Marsh, Dave (1992). Louie Louie: The History and Mythology of the World's Most Famous Rock'n'Roll song; Including the Full Details of Its Torture and Persecution at the Hands of the Kingsmen, J. Edgar Hoover's F.B.I., and a Cast of Millions; and Introducing, for the First Time Anywhere, the Actual Dirty Lyrics. Hyperion Books. ISBN   1-56282-865-7.
  77. "Band Banned From Performing 'Louie Louie'". Fox News. Associated Press. May 5, 2005. Archived from the original on October 25, 2012. Retrieved September 16, 2009.
  78. Seib, Laura (May 6, 2005). "'Louie, Louie' gets go-ahead". South Bend Tribune . Retrieved September 16, 2009.
  79. LouieLouie.net
  80. "Louie Louie" Movie List, The Louie Louie pages, accessed 2018-10-28
  81. Seattle Weekly (October 27, 1999) Music: "The State I'm In" Archived August 21, 2006, at the Wayback Machine , by Kurt B. Reighley
  82. The Bellingham Herald (February 20, 2006): "What Would You Pick as State Vegetable?" [ permanent dead link ], by Dean Kahn
  83. Liner notes, The Best Of Louie Louie Volume 2 (Rhino R1 70515), by Doc Pelzell
  84. 1 2 Sound+Vision Magazine (April 11, 2011) "International Louie Louie Day", by Michael Berk
  85. 1 2 Lincoln Journal Star (March 27, 2013) "April is the coolest month for holidays", by Erin Andersen
  86. 1 2 Urban Times Magazine (April 12, 2013) "Happy Belated International Louie Louie Day" Archived April 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine , by Brian Fiore-Silfvast
  87. "National Special Events Registry". Celebratetoday.com. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
  88. Blecha (2009), p. 137
  89. Blecha (2009), p. 139
  90. 1 2 Blecha, Peter (April 1, 2007). ""Louie Louie" Through The Ages". The Seattle Times . Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  91. "City Cancels 'Louie Parade;' Cites Rowdies". The Philadelphia Inquirer . May 20, 1989. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  92. Marsh p. 186
  93. City of Seattle proclamation text Retrieved May 4, 2013
  94. "State Song Idea Off-Key". The Eugene Register-Guard . May 10, 2009. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  95. "Louie Louie May Mean Lots, Lots for Kingsmen". The Seattle Times . April 11, 1998. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  96. "Louie Louie Advocacy and Music Appreciation Society (LLAMAS)". Louielouieweb.tripod.com. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
  97. "LLAMAS – LOUIE LOUIE Advocacy and Music Appreciation Society « The Louie Report". Louielouie.net. Retrieved November 21, 2013.
  98. "International Louie Louie Day party, London, 2013". Facebook.com. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  99. "WATD-FM 2011 International Louie Louie Day program". 959watd.com. Retrieved May 5, 2013.
  100. "Louie-Palooza: 11 Killer Covers for International "Louie Louie" Day". VH1.com. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  101. "Revisiting the Italian LOUIE Marathon". louielouie.net. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
  102. "KFJC-FM 2011 International Louie Louie Day program". Kfjc.org. Archived from the original on May 10, 2012. Retrieved May 13, 2013.
  103. LouieFest web page Archived January 21, 2013, at the Wayback Machine Retrieved April 16, 2013
  104. "The Kingsmen's famously innocent "Louie Louie" now back in front of the feds at downtown Federal Building". The Portland Oregonian . July 25, 2013. Retrieved July 30, 2013.
  105. "Editorial: Me gotta go now: 'Louie' sculpture is fitting tribute". The Albany Democrat-Herald . July 27, 2013. Retrieved July 30, 2013.
  106. "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame Inducts Songs for the First Time, Including 'Born to Be Wild' & 'Louie Louie'". Billboard Magazine . April 14, 2018. Retrieved April 15, 2018.
  107. "Songs That Shaped Rock and Roll: "Louie Louie"". Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. December 14, 2011. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  108. "GRAMMY Hall Of Fame". National Academy of Recording Arts and Sciences . Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  109. "The Original NPR 300". NPR . Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  110. "The Wire - 100 Most Important Records Ever Made" . Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  111. "Ultimate Jukebox : The 100 Singles You Must Own" . Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  112. "The 50 Best Garage Rock Songs of All Time" . Retrieved May 26, 2016.
  113. "40 Songs That Changed The World". Archived from the original on March 8, 2013. Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  114. "The All-Time Top 100 Singles". acclaimedmusic.net. Retrieved September 16, 2014.
  115. "VH1: '100 Greatest Rock Songs': 1-50" . Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  116. "1001 Greatest Singles Ever Made – Part 1. Nos 1 to 500" . Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  117. "Rolling Stone – The 100 Best Singles Of The Last 25 Years" . Retrieved September 12, 2013.
  118. "VH1 - '100 Greatest Dance Songs'" . Retrieved April 29, 2015.
  119. "Mojo – The 100 Greatest Singles Of All Time" . Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  120. "500 Greatest Songs of All Time: The Kingsmen, 'Louie Louie'". Rolling Stone . Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  121. "NEA and RIAA: The top 365 songs of the 20th century" . Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  122. "Big Bangs: 100 Records That Changed the World" . Retrieved September 21, 2013.
  123. "Pitchfork: The 200 Best Songs of the 1960s" . Retrieved February 17, 2018.
  124. "NME Magazine: 500 Greatest Songs" . Retrieved December 26, 2014.
  125. "WCBSFM: Top 1001 Songs Of The Century" . Retrieved September 21, 2013.

Further reading