The Guess Who

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The Guess Who
The Guess Who.png
The Guess Who in 1970 (L-R: Kurt Winter, Garry Peterson, Greg Leskiw, Burton Cummings, Jim Kale)
Background information
Origin Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
Genres
Years active
  • 1965 (1965)–1975 (1975)
  • 1977 (1977)–present
Labels
Spinoff of
  • Chad Allan & The Reflections
  • Chad Allan & The Expressions
Members
  • Garry Peterson
  • Leonard Shaw
  • Derek Sharp
  • Michael Devin
  • Michael Staertow
Past membersSee also List of The Guess Who members
Website theguesswho.com

The Guess Who are a Canadian rock band formed in Winnipeg, Manitoba, in 1965.

Contents

The band originated in 1962 and achieved an international hit single with a cover of "Shakin' All Over" in 1965 under the name Chad Allan and the Expressions. After changing their name to the Guess Who, they found their greatest success in the late 60s and early 70s, under the leadership of singer/keyboardist Burton Cummings and guitarist Randy Bachman, with hit songs including "American Woman", "These Eyes", "No Time" and many others.

During their most successful period, the Guess Who released eleven studio albums, all of which reached the charts in Canada and the United States. They may be best known for their 1970 album American Woman , which reached no. 1 in Canada and no. 9 in the United States, while five other albums reached the top ten in Canada. The Guess Who charted fourteen Top 40 singles in the United States and more than thirty in Canada. [1]

The Guess Who was disbanded by Cummings in 1975, though bassist Jim Kale and/or drummer Garry Peterson have toured and recorded under the Guess Who name since 1977, frequently with no other original band members involved. [2]

History

Origins (1958–1965)

The origins of the Guess Who date back to 1958, when Winnipeg singer/guitarist Chad Allan formed a local rock band called Allan and the Silvertones. [3] After several lineup changes, the band stabilized in 1962 under the name Chad Allan and the Reflections, which included Allan and keyboardist Bob Ashley, plus future Guess Who mainstays Randy Bachman on guitar, Jim Kale on bass, and Garry Peterson on drums. [3]

The band released their first single, "Tribute To Buddy Holly", on Canadian-American Records in 1962. [4] [5] They then signed with Quality Records and released several singles in 1963–64, which gained some regional notice around Winnipeg but made little impact in the rest of Canada. One single was mis-credited to Bob Ashley and the Reflections.[ citation needed ]

In 1965, the group changed their name to Chad Allan and the Expressions after an American group called The Reflections released the hit single "(Just Like) Romeo and Juliet". [6] They released the garage rock album Shakin' All Over in January 1965. [7] That album's single, a cover of "Shakin' All Over" by Johnny Kidd & the Pirates, was the band's first major hit, reaching no. 1 in Canada, no. 22 in the United States, and no. 27 in Australia. [8] [9] Their American label, Quality Records, disguised the single by crediting it to Guess Who?, as a publicity stunt to generate speculation that it was by a more famous British Invasion band working incognito. [8] [9]

After Quality Records revealed the band to be Chad Allan and the Expressions, disc jockeys continued to announce the group as Guess Who?, effectively forcing the band to accept the new name. [9] They released their second album, Hey Ho (What You Do to Me!) in late 1965; it was credited to Chad Allan and the Expressions with "Guess Who?" displayed prominently on the cover. [9]

Transitional years (1966–1968)

Keyboardist Bob Ashley left the band in late 1965 due to the rigors of touring. [9] He was replaced by 18 year-old Burton Cummings, formerly of Winnipeg group the Deverons, who also took on lead vocal duties in conjunction with Chad Allan. Just a few months later, Allan departed; he returned to college and then became a media personality with the CBC . [10] This left Cummings as the sole lead singer. [11] With Allan departed, the "Chad Allan and the Expressions" subtitle was dropped from the band's releases, and they were billed solely as The Guess Who?. (The question mark would be dropped in 1968.) After Allan's departure in 1966, guitarist Bruce Decker, a former bandmate of Cummings in the Deverons, joined for a few months. [12] The band then settled as a quartet with Cummings on vocals and keyboards, Bachman on guitar, Kale on bass, and Peterson on drums. [9] This lineup released the album It's Time in the summer of 1966. [13] Decker, despite being pictured on the cover of the album, did not participate in the recording. Conversely, some contributions by Allan (recorded before he left the group) can be heard on the album, though he is not credited.[ citation needed ]

The band continued to release singles that were moderately successful in Canada, and "His Girl" entered the UK charts in 1967. [14] [15] The band traveled to the United Kingdom to promote the single, but this was a financial mistake as the song quickly dropped off the charts. They were unable to book shows or obtain work visas while in the UK, and returned to Canada heavily in debt.[ citation needed ] Later in 1967, the Guess Who were hired as the house band for the CBC radio show The Swingers, [16] and as the house band for CBC television program Let's Go, which was hosted by their former bandmate Chad Allan. [17] They initially performed hit singles by other artists, but the CBC producers encouraged them to develop more of their own music as well. This gave the Guess Who greater exposure in Canada and financial stability for the next two years. [18]

After seeing the Guess Who on Let's Go, record producer/sales executive Jack Richardson contacted the band about participating in an advertising project for Coca-Cola. [17] This project became a split album titled A Wild Pair with Ottawa band the Staccatos (soon to rename themselves Five Man Electrical Band). The album could only be purchased by mail order from Coca-Cola. [17] Richardson served as the Guess Who's producer until their classic-era dissolution in 1975, [19] and they were managed during that entire period by Don Hunter. [20]

The beginning of the classic era (1968–1970)

Richardson signed the Guess Who to his Nimbus 9 label and production company, and personally financed the recording of a new album in late 1968. They were also signed to RCA for distribution outside of Canada. The band transitioned from their original garage rock roots to a more mature pop-rock sound with soul and jazz influences. [21] Wheatfield Soul was released in early 1969 and achieved success in both Canada and the United States. [22] The single "These Eyes" reached the top ten in the United States and became a gold record with sales of more than one million copies. [23] The follow-up album Canned Wheat was released in September 1969, [24] and featured the double-sided hit single "Laughing"/"Undun". [12] [25]

For their next album, the band adopted more hard rock influences. American Woman was released in January 1970 and became a substantial worldwide hit. [26] It was their first album to top the Canadian albums chart, and their first to reach the top ten on the American albums chart. [27] The title track reached no. 1 in both countries [28] [29] [30] and was also a substantial hit in the United Kingdom. This made the Guess Who the first Canadian band to achieve a chart-topping single in the United States during the Billboard Hot 100 era. (Canadian doo-wop group The Crew Cuts had a number one single in 1954, before that chart was instituted.) [31] "No Time" and "No Sugar Tonight/New Mother Nature" also reached high on the singles charts in both Canada and the United States. [26]

Personnel changes and continued success (1970–1975)

While American Woman became a success in the early months of 1970, Bachman recorded an all-instrumental solo album titled Axe with Peterson on drums. [9] [32] The Guess Who began recording a follow up to American Woman, completing seven tracks. (The tracks were withheld and were not released until 1976 under the title The Way They Were.) [33] Bachman then took a break from touring with the Guess Who due to illness, with American guitarist Bobby Sabellico filling in temporarily. Bachman played a final show with the band and then quit in May 1970; his relations with Cummings had deteriorated and his recent conversion to Mormonism caused dissatisfaction with the band's rock n' roll lifestyle. [12] Bachman later formed the successful hard rock band Bachman-Turner Overdrive. [34]

Indicating a move into more intricate arrangements and vocal harmonies, while shooting for album rock radio, [35] the Guess Who replaced Bachman with two guitarists from the Winnipeg rock scene: Kurt Winter from the band Brother, [36] and Greg Leskiw from the band Wild Rice. [12] Winter brought some songs from his previous band and became one of the Guess Who's primary songwriters. [36] Leskiw occasionally contributed lead vocals. On July 17, 1970, the band was invited to perform at the White House for US President Richard Nixon's family and guests, but they were asked not to play "American Woman" due to its apparent criticism of the United States. [25]

The expanded lineup quickly recorded the album Share the Land , which was released in late 1970 and became another substantial hit in both Canada and the United States. [35] Songs from the albums Wheatfield Soul through Share the Land were compiled for the album The Best of The Guess Who , which became another successful release in both countries in 1971. [37]

The band's commercial fortunes and chart performance then declined in the United States, perhaps due to an inability to be taken seriously by the fans of album rock radio, [38] though they remained very successful in their native Canada. They released the albums So Long, Bannatyne in mid-1971, [39] and Rockin' in early 1972. [40] Both albums displayed more progressive and experimental elements. Shortly after the release of Rockin', Leskiw suddenly left the band in the middle of a US tour after a disagreement with Cummings. [12] Leskiw was replaced on short notice by guitarist/singer Donnie McDougall, a veteran of the Winnipeg rock scene who had most recently played with the Vancouver-based Mother Tucker's Yellow Duck. [9] With McDougall on board, the band recorded the album Live at the Paramount at the Paramount Theatre in Seattle in May 1972; it was released in August [41] and included some songs that had not appeared on previous studio albums. [42]

Just two months after McDougall joined, founding bassist Jim Kale left the band; he then joined Scrubbaloe Caine who achieved some Canadian hit singles in the mid-1970s. [43] The Guess Who replaced Kale with Bill Wallace, who had played with Kurt Winter in their early Winnipeg band Brother. [12] This lineup released the albums Artificial Paradise in early 1973, [38] #10 in late 1973 (the title of which represented their number of original albums with RCA up to that point), [44] and Road Food in early 1974. [45] Road Food included the single "Clap for the Wolfman," which was a substantial hit in both Canada and the United States, and the band's first top ten American single since 1970. [46] The novelty song was a tribute to disc jockey Wolfman Jack, who lent his voice to the recording. [45]

For undisclosed reasons, guitarists Winter and McDougall were dismissed from the band in June 1974. [36] They were replaced by a single guitarist, Domenic Troiano, who had founded the successful Canadian band Bush [47] and had also served briefly with James Gang. [48] Having grown up in Toronto, Troiano was the first member of the Guess Who not to hail from Winnipeg. He had also collaborated with an earlier version of the Guess Who on an aborted movie soundtrack in 1970 and had played on Randy Bachman's album Axe that year. [49] The lineup of Cummings, Troiano, Wallace, and Peterson released the albums Flavours in late 1974 [49] and Power in the Music in mid-1975. [50] Due to Troiano's songwriting influence, these albums moved toward jazz rock; Cummings was unhappy with the stylistic change and disbanded the Guess Who in October 1975. [9]

"The fake Guess Who" (1977-present)

In November 1977, the CBC approached the band about a reunion. Burton Cummings was busy with his solo career, [51] and Randy Bachman had recently left the successful Bachman-Turner Overdrive with plans for a solo career of his own, [52] so neither was interested in reviving the Guess Who. At this time, bassist Jim Kale, who had not been in the band since 1972, discovered that the Guess Who name had never been trademarked in Canada and acquired ownership, using the name to tour extensively on the nostalgia circuit with a wide variety of musicians called "The Guess Who" until the 2010s, sometimes with Peterson. [53] [54] Both Cummings and Bachman have been highly critical of the Kale and Peterson version of the band, comparing it to a cover band, and calling it "the fake Guess Who." [55] [2] [56] Over the decades, this version of the Guess Who has recorded a handful of non-charting albums, supported by a revolving lineup of musicians with no historic connection to the band. [2] As of 2020, drummer Garry Peterson was the only original Guess Who member left in the band using the Guess Who name. [57]

Classic lineup reunions

Members of the classic-era Guess Who reunited a number of times over the years, the first being when Burton Cummings, Randy Bachman, Garry Peterson, and late-classic era bassist Bill Wallace reformed for a CBC television special in November 1979. [58] This was followed by a short tour of notable Canadian cultural venues in 1983, [59] resulting in the live album Together Again! (known as The Best of The Guess Who - Live! in the United States). [60] In May 1997, with their hometown of Winnipeg facing severe floods, Cummings and Bachman reunited for a fundraiser for disaster relief, organized by Canadian actor Tom Jackson. [61] At the request of the Premier of Manitoba, Cummings, Bachman, Kale, and Peterson appeared together at the closing ceremonies of the Pan American Games at Winnipeg Stadium on August 8, 1999. [62] This inspired plans for a reunion tour, though Kale dropped out for health-related reasons. Another lineup featuring classic-era members Cummings, Bachman, Peterson, Donnie McDougall, and Bill Wallace engaged in a lengthy reunion tour from 2000 to 2003, including playing the halftime show at the 2000 Grey Cup. [63] On July 30, 2003, this lineup performed before an estimated audience of 450,000 at the Molson Canadian Rocks for Toronto SARS benefit concert. The show was the largest outdoor ticketed event in Canadian history. [64] Unable to use the Guess Who name, Randy Bachman and Burton Cummings have also toured and recorded together as "Bachman-Cummings". [65]

Legacy

The band's star on Canada's Walk of Fame. Signatures, from top left clockwise: Garry Peterson, Burton Cummings, Bill Wallace, Randy Bachman and Donnie McDougall. The Guess Who star on Walk of Fame adjusted.jpg
The band's star on Canada's Walk of Fame. Signatures, from top left clockwise: Garry Peterson, Burton Cummings, Bill Wallace, Randy Bachman and Donnie McDougall.

The Guess Who were inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame in 1987. [66] In 2001, classic era members of the Guess Who received honorary doctorates from Brandon University in Brandon, Manitoba. For Cummings, this was a special privilege because he had not graduated from high school. [67] That same year, the group was inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame. [68] The signatures of then-current band members Bachman, Cummings, McDougall, Peterson, and Wallace are engraved into the commemorative stone. In 2002, the same group of former members received the Governor General's Performing Arts Award for Lifetime Artistic Achievement for their contributions to popular music in Canada. [69] In 2018, a number of master tapes of the band's recordings, possibly including unreleased material, were donated to the St. Vital Museum in Winnipeg. [70]

Members

Current members

Discography

As Chad Allan and the Expressions (Guess Who?)

As The Guess Who?

As The Guess Who

Post Burton Cummings–era albums credited to 'The Guess Who'

Filmography

See also

Related Research Articles

Randy Bachman Canadian musician

Randolph Charles Bachman is a Canadian guitarist, singer, and songwriter. He was a founding member of the bands The Guess Who and Bachman–Turner Overdrive. Bachman recorded as a solo artist and was part of a number of short-lived bands such as Brave Belt, Union and Ironhorse. He was a national radio personality on CBC Radio, hosting the weekly music show, Vinyl Tap. Bachman was inducted into the Musicians Hall of Fame and Museum in 2016.

Bachman–Turner Overdrive Canadian rock band

Bachman–Turner Overdrive, often abbreviated as BTO, were a Canadian rock band from Winnipeg, Manitoba, founded by Randy Bachman, Robbie Bachman and Fred Turner in 1973. Their 1970s catalogue included five top 40 albums and six US top 40 singles. BTO has five certified gold albums and one certified platinum album in the US; in Canada, they have six certified platinum albums and one certified gold album. The band has sold nearly 30 million albums worldwide, and has fans affectionately known as "gearheads". Many of their songs, including "Let It Ride", "You Ain't Seen Nothing Yet", "Takin' Care of Business", "Hey You", and "Roll on Down the Highway", still receive regular play on classic-rock stations.

Burton Cummings Canadian musician, singer and songwriter

Burton Lorne Cummings is a Canadian musician, singer, and songwriter from Winnipeg, Manitoba. He is best known for leading The Guess Who during that band's most successful period from 1966 to 1975, and for a lengthy solo career.

Manitoba has produced much Canadian music, especially since the early 1960s.

<i>American Woman</i> (album) 1970 studio album by The Guess Who

American Woman is the sixth studio album by Canadian rock band the Guess Who, released in January 1970. It was the last to feature lead guitarist Randy Bachman until a reformation effort in 1983. The album was one of their most successful releases, receiving Gold certification in the United States.

American Woman 1970 single by the Guess Who

"American Woman" is a song by Canadian rock band the Guess Who, released January 1970, from the album of the same name. It was later released in March 1970 as a single backed with "No Sugar Tonight", and it reached number one for three weeks commencing May 9 on both the United States' Billboard Hot 100 and the Canadian RPM magazine singles chart. Billboard magazine placed the single at number three on the Year-End Hot 100 singles of 1970 list, and it was listed as number five for 1970 on the RPM Year-End Chart. On May 22, 1970, the single was certified as gold by the Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA). It also reached the top ten in the Netherlands, Switzerland and Austria, and the top twenty in the United Kingdom and New Zealand.

Jim Kale Canadian musician (born 1943)

Michael James Kale is a Canadian musician, best known as the original bassist for The Guess Who. He also served in the band Scrubbaloe Caine. In 1987, he was inducted into the Canadian Music Hall of Fame as a member of The Guess Who.

Chad Allan, is a Canadian musician who was the founding member and original lead singer of the Guess Who.

These Eyes 1968 single by The Guess Who

"These Eyes" is a song by the Canadian rock band The Guess Who. The song was co-written by the group's lead guitarist Randy Bachman and lead singer Burton Cummings and originally included on the band's 1969 album Wheatfield Soul. It was first released as a single, in their native Canada, where its chart success (#7), along with the influence of CKLW-AM Windsor's radio station music director Rosalie Trombley, helped land them a U.S. distribution deal with RCA Records. It was then released in the U.S. in March 1969, and became a breakthrough success for the group, as it would be their first single to reach the top ten on the Billboard Pop Singles chart, peaking at number six, and would eventually be certified gold by the RIAA for sales of over one million copies. It was also a top ten hit in South Africa. While it was actually the 18th single released by the band overall, it was the first from the line-up of Cummings, Bachman, Jim Kale, and Garry Peterson as produced by Jack Richardson.

<i>Share the Land</i> 1970 studio album by The Guess Who

Share the Land is the seventh studio album by Canadian rock band The Guess Who, released in October 1970. It was their first album following the departure of Randy Bachman, and the band brought in two new guitarists, Kurt Winter and Greg Leskiw. The album was another international success for the band, reaching number seven in Canada and number fourteen in the US, and spawned three hit singles in the title track, "Hand Me Down World" and "Hang On to Your Life".

<i>Canned Wheat</i> 1969 studio album by the Guess Who

Canned Wheat is the fifth studio album by Canadian rock band the Guess Who, released in September 1969. It peaked at number 91 on the Billboard Pop Albums chart. Two of the band's hits were taken from the album: "Laughing" and "Undun". The album also includes a version of "No Time" which would later be re-recorded for their American Woman album and released as a single. The album is regarded as a rock classic.

<i>Wheatfield Soul</i> 1969 studio album by the Guess Who

Wheatfield Soul is the fourth studio album by the Canadian rock band the Guess Who, released in March 1969. The album is notable for being the first full-length Guess Who album to feature Burton Cummings exclusively on lead vocals, without original lead singer Chad Allan. Featuring the US top 10 hit "These Eyes", it marked the beginning of the band's international success.

<i>Shakin All Over</i> (album) 1965 studio album by Chad Allan & The Expressions

Shakin' All Over is the debut studio album by the Canadian rock band The Guess Who, although at the time they were known as "Chad Allan & the Expressions". It is regarded as a garage rock album and features their hit version of Johnny Kidd & the Pirates hit song "Shakin' All Over".

<i>Its Time</i> (The Guess Who album) 1966 studio album by The Guess Who

It's Time is the third studio album by the Canadian rock band the Guess Who. It's also the last to feature original lead singer Chad Allan who left after the release of the album. This album introduces Burton Cummings and Bruce Decker of The Deverons. Bruce Decker is shown on the album cover, but did not perform on the album. This album was a big turning point for the group. The album draws towards their garage rock style.

<i>Hey Ho (What You Do to Me!)</i> 1965 studio album by Chad Allan & The Expressions

Hey Ho is the second studio album by the Canadian rock band The Guess Who. This album is also the last to feature Bob Ashley on keyboards. This album was originally released on Quality Records in 1965. The cover gave credit to "Chad Allan & the Expressions ". It is regarded as a garage rock album.

<i>Live at the Paramount</i> (The Guess Who album) 1972 live album by The Guess Who

Live at the Paramount is a live album released by Canadian rock group The Guess Who in 1972. It was recorded on May 22, 1972 at the Paramount Theatre in Seattle, Washington. Live at the Paramount was the first Guess Who album to feature Donnie McDougall on rhythm guitar and the last to feature original bassist Jim Kale. It also includes performances of 3 exclusive songs not included on any of their studio albums: "Glace Bay Blues," "Runnin' Back to Saskatoon," and "Truckin' Off Across the Sky."

Undun (song) 1969 single by The Guess Who

"Undun" is a popular song by Canadian rock band The Guess Who. It spent two weeks at #21 on the Canadian Singles Chart in November–December 1969 and reached #15 on the U.S. adult contemporary chart and #22 on the Billboard Hot 100.

Brother was a short-lived rock trio from Winnipeg, Manitoba, best known for the fact that all three members later joined The Guess Who. They are only known to have recorded three songs.

<i>The Best of The Guess Who</i> 1971 compilation album by The Guess Who

The Best of The Guess Who is the fourth compilation album by the Canadian group The Guess Who. It was originally released by RCA Records in April 1971 and contains recordings made between 1968 and 1970. The album reached number 12 on the Billboard top LPs chart in the United States.

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  70. "Saved from a dumpster, Winnipeg museum's new trove of Guess Who recordings could include unreleased music". CBC News. November 17, 2018. Retrieved January 4, 2019.

Further reading

Preceded by
Grey Cup Halftime Show
2000
Succeeded by