Las Vegas Valley

Last updated

Las Vegas Valley

Las Vegas metropolitan area
Las Vegas MSA
View of Las Vegas' strip from the helicopter.jpg
Stratosphere Las Vegas 5.jpg
Fremont Street 6.jpg
Mandarin Oriental, Las Vegas (3).jpg
Rainbow Mountain Winter Storm (19971171782).jpg
Relief map of U.S., Nevada.png
Red pog.svg
Las Vegas Valley
Location within Nevada
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Las Vegas Valley
Location within the United States
North America laea relief location map with borders.jpg
Red pog.svg
Las Vegas Valley
Location within North America
Coordinates: 36°19′N115°14′W / 36.317°N 115.233°W / 36.317; -115.233 Coordinates: 36°19′N115°14′W / 36.317°N 115.233°W / 36.317; -115.233
CountryFlag of the United States.svg  United States
State Flag of Nevada.svg  Nevada
Principal cityFlag of Las Vegas, Nevada.svg  Las Vegas
Other major cities - Henderson
 - North Las Vegas
 (2018 estimate)
Time zone UTC−8 (PST)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (PDT)
Area code(s) 702 and 725

The Las Vegas Valley is a major metropolitan area in the southern part of the U.S. state of Nevada. The state's largest urban agglomeration, the Las Vegas Metropolitan Statistical Area is coextensive since 2003 with Clark County, Nevada. [1] The Valley is largely defined by the Las Vegas Valley landform, a 600 sq mi (1,600 km2) basin area surrounded by mountains to the north, south, east and west of the metropolitan area. The Valley is home to the three largest incorporated cities in Nevada: Las Vegas, Henderson and North Las Vegas. [2] Eleven unincorporated towns governed by the Clark County government are part of the Las Vegas Township and constitute the largest community in the state of Nevada. [3]


The names Las Vegas and Vegas are interchangeably used to indicate the Valley, the Strip, and the city, and as a brand by the Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority to denominate the region. [4] [5] The Valley is affectionately known as the "ninth island" by Hawaii natives and Las Vegans alike, in part due to the large number of people originally from Hawaii who live in and regularly travel to Las Vegas. [6]

Since the 1990s the Las Vegas Valley has seen rapid growth, tripling its population of 741,459 in 1990 to 2,227,053 estimated in 2018. The Las Vegas Valley remains one of the fastest growing metropolitan areas in the United States, and in its relatively short history has established a diverse presence in international business, commerce, urban development and entertainment, as well as one of the most visited tourist destinations in the world. In 2014, a record breaking 41 million visited the Las Vegas area, producing a gross metropolitan product of more than $100 billion. [7]


The first reported non-Native American visitor to the Las Vegas Valley was the Mexican scout Rafael Rivera in 1829. [8] [9] [10] Las Vegas was named by Mexicans in the Antonio Armijo party, [3] including Rivera, who used the water in the area while heading north and west along the Old Spanish Trail from Texas. In the 19th century, areas of the valley contained artesian wells that supported extensive green areas, or meadows, hence the name Las Vegas (vegas being Spanish for "meadows"). [9]

The area was previously settled by Mormon farmers in 1854 and later became the site of a United States Army fort in 1864, beginning a long relationship between southern Nevada and the U.S. military. Since the 1930s, Las Vegas has generally been identified as a gaming center as well as a resort destination, primarily targeting adults.

Nellis Air Force Base is located in the northeast corner of the valley. The ranges that the Nellis pilots use and various other land areas used by various federal agencies, limit growth of the valley in terms of geographic area.

Businessman Howard Hughes arrived in the late 1960s and purchased many casino hotels, as well as television and radio stations in the area. Legitimate corporations began to purchase casino hotels as well, and the mob was run out by the federal government over the next several years. The constant stream of tourist dollars from the hotels and casinos was augmented by a new source of federal money from the establishment of what is now Nellis Air Force Base. The influx of military personnel and casino job-hunters helped start a land building boom which is now leveling off.

The Las Vegas area remains one of the world's top entertainment destinations. [11] [12]


Cities and communities of the Las Vegas valley Lasvegasmetro.png
Cities and communities of the Las Vegas valley

The valley is contained in the Las Vegas Valley landform. This includes the cities of Las Vegas, North Las Vegas, and Henderson, and the unincorporated towns of Summerlin South, Paradise, Spring Valley, Sunrise Manor, Enterprise, Winchester, and Whitney. The valley is located within the larger metropolitan area, as the metropolitan area covers all of Clark County including parts that do not fall within the valley.

The government of Clark County has an "Urban Planning Area" of Las Vegas. This definition is a roughly rectangular area, about 20 mi (32 km) from east to west and 30 miles (48 km) from north to south. Notable exclusions from the "Urban Planning Area" include Red Rock, Blue Diamond, and Mount Charleston.

The Las Vegas Metropolitan Police Department is the largest police department in the valley and the state and exercises jurisdiction in the entire county. There are approximately 3,000 police officers that cover the city of Las Vegas; unincorporated areas; the town of Laughlin, about 90 mi (140 km) from Downtown Las Vegas; and desert, park, and mountain areas within Clark County. The department does not exercise primary jurisdiction in areas with separate police forces such as North Las Vegas, Henderson, Boulder City, Nellis Air Force Base and the Paiute reservation.

The metropolitan area was created for the 1970 census when it only included Clark County. In 2000, the metropolitan area was changed to include Nye County, Nevada, and Mohave County, Arizona, [13] [14] [15] but it later returned to only being Clark County.

The Office of Management and Budget has designated Clark County as the Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV Metropolitan Statistical Area. [16] The United States Census Bureau ranked the Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV Metropolitan Statistical Area as the 31st most populous metropolitan statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012. [17]

The Office of Management and Budget has further designated the Las Vegas-Henderson-Paradise, NV Metropolitan Statistical Area as a component of the more extensive Las Vegas–Henderson, NV–AZ CSA, [16] the 27th most populous combined statistical area and the 30th most populous primary statistical area of the United States as of July 1, 2012. [17] [18]

Geography and environment

Las Vegas Valley viewed in false color, from 438 mi (705 km) by TERRA satellite. Grass-covered land, such as golf courses, appears in red. The picture bottom is just south of Sunset Road and the airport, the Spring Mountains on the west and Sunrise Mountain on the east. Lasvegas.terra.1500pix.jpg
Las Vegas Valley viewed in false color, from 438 mi (705 km) by TERRA satellite. Grass-covered land, such as golf courses, appears in red. The picture bottom is just south of Sunset Road and the airport, the Spring Mountains on the west and Sunrise Mountain on the east.
Las Vegas at night in 2010. Las Vegas at Night.JPG
Las Vegas at night in 2010.

The Las Vegas Valley lies in the Mojave Desert. The valley in the northwest section is a northwest-by-southeast [19] trending area, and trending parallel to Las Vegas Wash, lies at the northeast of the Spring Mountains massif.

U.S. Route 95 leaves Las Vegas's northwest and goes northwesterly through the northwest valley section, with Las Vegas Wash about 2 miles (3 km) [20] northeast. U.S. 95 lies on the southwest perimeter of the valley bottomlands, and small alluvial fan areas from the northeast Spring Mountains border southwest.

A "distorted surface", [21] a playa-like region, occurs at the farthest northwest area, for about 15 to 18 miles (24 to 29 km), starting from Nevada Route 157. At Nevada Route 156, 10 miles (16 km) northwest, the distorted surface, bottom land turns north, a 6 miles (9.7 km) area in length and about 3 miles (4.8 km) wide. It lies at the south drainage section of the Three Lakes Valley, where a water divide separates Dog Bone Lake in the valley's center from the southwest washes that drain into the Las Vegas Valley (upland Las Vegas Wash).

The Corn Creek Dunes lie about 5 miles (8.0 km) southwest of Route 156's intersection with U.S. 95, and they are slightly northeast of Las Vegas Wash.

The Las Vegas Valley is around 1,600 square miles (4,100 km2). [22] All perimeters, except the northwest, are foothills or mountain ranges, with all highway routes entering the foothills; this includes the Interstate 15 to the southwest, as it climbs to Jean Pass (north), before traversing Ivanpah Valley. Only the U.S. Route 95 northwest follows an actual valley. The northwest section, thus describes the entire landform as a central, and large valley with an attached feeder valley northwest, and in this case the northwest source, and actual course of the Las Vegas Wash.

The valley is a fault-bounded structural and hydrologic basin [23] made of alluvial-fan deposits. There are several aquifers contained within the valley including the Las Vegas Aquifer. These heavily depleted water sources exist at about 660–980 feet (200–300 m) in depth. [23] As of 1986, estimate show that the valley floor in Downtown Las Vegas has subsided by about 6.2 feet (1.9 m) and about 2.9 feet (0.88 m) along The Strip as a result of pumping from these aquifers. [24]


The Las Vegas Valley lies in a relatively high-altitude portion of the Mojave Desert, with a subtropical hot-desert climate. The Valley generally averages less than 5 in (130 mm) of rain annually. [25] Daily daytime summer temperatures in July and August typically range from 100 °F (38 °C) to 110 °F (43 °C), while nights generally range from 72 °F (22 °C) to 80 °F (27 °C). [25] Very low humidity, however, tempers the effect of these temperatures, though dehydration, heat exhaustion, and sun stroke can occur after even a limited time outdoors in the summer. The interiors of automobiles often prove deadly to small children and pets during the summer and surfaces exposed to the sun can cause first- and second-degree burns to unprotected skin. July and August can also be marked by monsoon season, when moist winds from the Gulf of California soak much of the Southwestern United States. While not only raising humidity levels, these winds develop into dramatic desert thunderstorms that can sometimes cause flash flooding.

Winters in the Las Vegas Valley are typically chilly, but sunny. Winter highs in December and January usually range from 52 °F (11 °C) to 60 °F (16 °C), while nighttime lows range from 34 °F (1 °C) to 42 °F (6 °C). [25] The mountains surrounding the valley are snow-covered during the winter season, but snow accumulation in the area itself is uncommon. Every few years, however, Las Vegas does get a measurable snowfall.

Spring and fall are generally warm to hot.

Las Vegas
Climate chart (explanation)
Average max. and min. temperatures in °F
Precipitation totals in inches
Climate data for Las Vegas, Nevada
Record high °F (°C)80
Average high °F (°C)57
Average low °F (°C)37
Record low °F (°C)8
Average precipitation inches (mm)0.59
Source: [26]

Fault zones

The valley is an active earthquake zone crossed by multiple fault and thrust lines. These include the 20-mile (32 km) long Frenchman Mountain Fault capable of a magnitude 7 event, Whitney Mesa Fault, Cashman Fault, Valley View Fault, Decatur Fault, Eglington Fault and the West Charleston Fault. [27] [28] [29] [30]

Air quality

Having part of the region in a desert basin creates issues with air quality. From the dust the wind picks up, to the smog produced by vehicles, to the pollen in the air, the valley has several bad air days.

Pollen can be a major issue several weeks a year, with counts occasionally in the 70,000-plus range. Local governments are trying to control this by banning plants that produce the most pollen.

The dust problems usually happen on very windy days, so they tend to be short and seasonal. Full-fledged dust storms are rare.

Smog, on the other hand, gets worse when there is no wind to move the air out of the valley. Also, in winter it is possible for an inversion to form in the valley.

Since manufacturing is not a dominant industry of Las Vegas, and with Clark County working to control air quality problems, success has been shown over the years.


Lake Mead shown behind Hoover Dam on the Colorado River. Hoover Dam, Colorado River.JPG
Lake Mead shown behind Hoover Dam on the Colorado River.

The native flora does little to help the soil retain water. During the intense rains of monsoon season or (relatively) wet months of January and February, a network of dry natural channels, called washes or arroyos, carved into the valley floor allows water to flow down from the mountains and converge in the Las Vegas Wash which runs through the Clark County Wetlands Park. The wash system used to form a large natural wetlands which then flowed into the Colorado River, until the construction of Hoover Dam on the Colorado River led to the creation of Lake Mead. Further development in the 1980s and 1990s made Lake Las Vegas, which required directing the Las Vegas Wash into tunnels which run under Lake Las Vegas and into Lake Mead.

Nevada receives an allocation 300,000 acre feet (370,000,000 m3) of water [31] each year from Lake Mead, with credits for water it returns to the lake. The allocations were made with the Colorado River Compact when Nevada had a much smaller population and very little agriculture. The allocations were also made during a wet string of years, which overstated the available water in the entire watershed. As a result, precipitation that is below normal for a few years can significantly affect the Colorado River reservoirs. The Las Vegas area uses most of this allocation with Laughlin, Nevada using most of the remaining allocation. In June 2007, the price of a cubic meter was 57 cents in Las Vegas. [32] Las Vegas gets around 90 percent of its water from Lake Mead. [33]

Early Vegas depended on the aquifer which fed the flowing springs supporting the meadows that gave the area its name, but the pumping of water from these caused a large drop in the water levels and ground subsidence over wide areas of the valley. Today, the aquifers are basically used to store water that is pumped from the lake during periods of low demand and pumped out during periods of high demand.


The population doubling time in the greater metropolitan area was under ten years, since the early 1970s and the Las Vegas metropolitan area now has a population approaching two million people. This rapid population growth led to a significant urbanization of desert lands into industrial and commercial areas (see suburbia).


Bellagio Las Vegas December 2013 panorama.jpg
Four-segment panorama of the Cosmopolitan, Bellagio, and Caesars Palace (left to right) from the Las Vegas Strip, across from the Bellagio fountains.

The driving force in Las Vegas is the tourism industry and the area has about 150,000 hotel rooms, more than any other city in the world. [34] In the past, casinos and celebrity shows were the two major attractions for the area. Now shopping, conventions, fine dining, and outdoor beauty are also major forces in attracting tourist dollars.

Las Vegas serves as world headquarters for the world's two largest Fortune 500 gaming companies, Caesars Entertainment and MGM Resorts International. [35] Several companies involved in the manufacture of electronic gaming machines, such as slot machines, are located in the Las Vegas area. In the first decade of the 21st century, shopping and dining have become attractions of their own. Tourism marketing and promotion are handled by the Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority, a county-wide agency. Its annual Visitors Survey provides detailed information on visitor numbers, spending patterns, and resulting revenues. [36]

The Las Vegas Strip looking south at night. Night aerial view, Las Vegas, Nevada, 04649u.jpg
The Las Vegas Strip looking south at night.
Exterior of the Palazzo hotel. A major part of the city economy is based on tourism including gambling and ultra-luxury hotels. Palazzo Casino, Las Vegas (3479650636).jpg
Exterior of the Palazzo hotel. A major part of the city economy is based on tourism including gambling and ultra-luxury hotels.

While Las Vegas has historically attracted high-stake gamblers from around the world, it is now facing tougher competition from the UK, Hong Kong and Macau (China), Eastern Europe and developing areas in the Middle East. [37]

Las Vegas has recently enjoyed a boom in population and tourism. The urban area has grown outward so quickly that it borders Bureau of Land Management holdings along its edges. This has led to an increase in land values such that medium- and high-density development is occurring closer to the core. The Chinatown of Las Vegas was constructed in the early 1990s on Spring Mountain Road. Chinatown initially consisted of only one large shopping center complex, but the area was expanded with shopping centers that contain various Asian businesses. Over the past few years, retirees have been moving to the metro area, driving businesses that support them from housing to health care.

While the cost of housing spiked up over 40% in 2004, the lack of business and income taxes still makes Nevada an attractive place for many companies to relocate to or expand existing operations. Being a true twenty-four-hour city, call centers have always seemed to find Las Vegas a good place to hire workers who are accustomed to working at all hours.

The construction industry accounts for a share of the economy in Las Vegas. Hotel casinos planned for the Strip can take years to build and employ thousands of workers. Developers discovered that there was demand for high-end condominiums. [38] By 2005, more than 100 condominium buildings were in various stages of development, [39] however, in 2008, the construction industry went into a downturn due to the credit crunch, though the industry has since seen a rebound.

In 2000, more than 21,000 new homes and 26,000 resale homes were purchased. In early 2005, there were 20 residential development projects of more than 300 acres (120 ha) each underway. During that same period, Las Vegas was regarded as the fastest-growing community in the United States.

Other promising residential and office developments have begun construction around Downtown Las Vegas. New condominium and high-rise hotel projects have changed the Las Vegas skyline dramatically in recent years. Many large high-rise projects are planned for Downtown Las Vegas, as well as the Las Vegas Strip. [40]


Construction on The Strip. (2009) Vegas Strip from Stratosphere.jpg
Construction on The Strip. (2009)

Construction in Las Vegas is a major industry and quickly growing with the population. In March 2011, construction employed 40,700 people and is expected to grow with the recovering economy. [41] Since the mega resorts that define Las Vegas today began going up in the early 1970s, construction has played a vital role in both commercial and non commercial developments. Cranes are a constant part of the Las Vegas Skyline. At any given time there are 300 new homes being constructed in Las Vegas. Downtown and The Strip always have at least one hospitality project under construction. In addition, in recent years Las Vegas has seen a spike in high-rise housing units. Luxurious condos and penthouse suites are always being built. New suburban master planned communities are also becoming common in Las Vegas ever since The Howard Hughes Corporation began work on Summerlin, an upper-class community on the west side of the valley.

The massive project CityCenter broke ground on June 26, 2006. Now completed at 3780 Las Vegas Boulevard South, it is the largest privately funded building complex in the world. At a cost of $9.2 billion, CityCenter was one of the largest projects in Vegas history. It put a massive strain on the construction ability and workforce of the area due to number of laborers and amount of materials required. Because of this, prices of almost any construction project in Las Vegas doubled. It is currently held by MGM Resorts International and has three hotels, two condo towers, and a hotel-condo building along with a large shopping and entertainment center.


Houses in the affluent Summerlin South area of the valley The Ridges in Summerlin.jpg
Houses in the affluent Summerlin South area of the valley

Traditionally, housing consisted primarily of single-family detached homes. Slab-on-grade foundations are the common base for residential buildings in the valley. Apartments generally were two story buildings. Until the 1990s, there were exceptions, but they were few and far between. In the 1990s, Turnberry Associates constructed the first high rise condominium towers. Prior to this, there were only a handful of mid-rise multi-family buildings. By the mid-2000s, there was a major move into high rise condominiums towers, which affected the region's skyline around the Strip.

The Las Vegas Valley is home to various suburban master planned communities that include extensive recreational amenities such as lakes, golf courses, parks, bike paths and jogging trails. [42] Planned communities in the valley include Aliante, Anthem, Cadence, Centennial Hills, Green Valley, Inspirada, Lake Las Vegas, The Lakes, Mountain's Edge, Peccole Ranch, Providence, Seven Hills, Skye Canyon, Southern Highlands, and Summerlin.

Technology companies

A full-scale mockup of Bigelow Aerospace's Space Station Alpha inside their facility in North Las Vegas. Bigelow Aerospace facilities.jpg
A full-scale mockup of Bigelow Aerospace's Space Station Alpha inside their facility in North Las Vegas.

Some technology companies have either relocated to Las Vegas or were created there. For various reasons, Las Vegas has had a high concentration of technology companies in electronic gaming and telecommunications industries.

Some current technology companies in southern Nevada include: Bigelow Aerospace, Petroglyph, Switch Communications, US Support LLC, Fanatics, and Zappos.

In 2015, Electric vehicle startup Faraday Future has chosen North Las Vegas's Apex Industrial Park for its $1 billion car factory.

Companies that originally were formed in the Las Vegas region, but have since sold or relocated include Westwood Studios (sold to Electronic Arts), Systems Research & Development (Sold to IBM), (Sold to BellSouth and SBC), and MPower Communications.


The Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas sign Welcome to fabulous las vegas sign.jpg
The Welcome to Fabulous Las Vegas sign

The major attractions in the Las Vegas Valley are the hotel/casinos. These hotels generally consist of large gambling areas, theaters for live performances, shopping, bars/clubs, and several restaurants and cafes. There are clusters of large hotel/casinos located in both downtown Las Vegas and on the Las Vegas Strip. The largest hotels are mainly located on the Strip, which is a four-mile section of Las Vegas Boulevard. These hotels provide thousands of rooms of various sizes. Fifteen of the world's 25 largest hotels by room count are on the Strip, with a total of over 62,000 rooms. There are many hotel/casinos in the city's downtown area as well, which was the original focal point of the Valley's gaming industry. Several hotel/casinos ranging from large to small are also located around the city and metro area. Many of the largest hotel, casino, and resort properties in the world are located on the Las Vegas Strip.

The valley's casinos can be grouped into several locations. The largest is the Las Vegas Strip, followed by Downtown Las Vegas, and then the smaller Boulder Strip. There are also several one-off single standing hotel/casinos dotted around the valley and the metro area.

In 2011, the majority of tourists arrived from the western states (55%) with 31% from California alone. Approximately 16% of tourists arrived from outside North America. [43]


Chanel and Giorgio Armani boutiques at Via Bellagio. Shops in the Bellagio casino, Las Vegas.jpg
Chanel and Giorgio Armani boutiques at Via Bellagio.

Las Vegas has expanded its attractiveness to visitors by offering both affordable and high-end merchandise in many shops and shopping malls. Many hotels on the Las Vegas Strip also have adjacent shopping malls, giving the Las Vegas area the highest concentration of shopping malls in any four mile stretch of road. In addition to the malls on the Strip, there are several outlying malls in the City of Las Vegas, Henderson, and the surrounding area. The monorail, lying somewhat east of the Strip, facilitates north–south travel, including stations at several casinos and the Las Vegas Convention Center.


CES 2014 Audi TT Display Audi at CES 2014 (11891951215).jpg
CES 2014 Audi TT Display

Las Vegas holds many of the world's largest conventions each year, including CES, SEMA, and Conexpo. The Las Vegas Convention Center is one of the largest in the world with 1,940,631 sq ft (180,290.5 m2) of exhibit space. These events bring in an estimated $7.4 billion of revenue to the city each year, and host over 5 million attendees. [44] [45]

Major shopping attractions

Culture and the arts

The Smith Center for the Performing Arts located in Downtown Las Vegas. The Smith Center for the Performing Arts & DISCOVERY Children's Museum.jpg
The Smith Center for the Performing Arts located in Downtown Las Vegas.
Reynolds Hall main stage at The Smith Center. The Smith Center, Las Vegas, United States (Unsplash).jpg
Reynolds Hall main stage at The Smith Center.

The "First Friday" celebration, held on the first Friday of each month, exhibits the works of local artists and musicians in an area just south of downtown. The city is home to an extensive Downtown Arts District which hosts numerous galleries, film festivals, and events. [46]

The Southern Nevada Zoological-Botanical Park, also known as the Las Vegas Zoo, used to exhibit over 150 species of animals and plants. The Zoo closed its doors in September, 2013. [47]

The Shark Reef Aquarium at Mandalay Bay is the only aquarium that is accredited by the Association of Zoos and Aquariums in the state of Nevada. It features over 2,000 animals and 1,200 species in 1.6 million gallons of seawater.

The $485 million Smith Center for the Performing Arts is located downtown in Symphony Park. The center is appropriate for Broadway shows and other major touring attractions as well as orchestral, opera, choir, jazz, and dance performances.

Bellagio Gallery of Fine Art is a facility presenting high-quality art exhibitions from major national and international museums. Past exhibits have included the works of Andy Warhol, Alexander Calder, and Peter Carl Fabergé. A self-guided audio tour is also offered.

The Las Vegas Natural History Museum features robot dinosaurs, live fish, and more than 26 species of preserved animals. There are several "hands-on" areas where animals can be petted.

The Atomic Testing Museum, affiliated with the Smithsonian Institution, houses artifacts from the Nevada Test Site and records the dramatic history of the atomic age through a series of interactive modules, timelines, films, and actual equipment and gadgets from the site.

The valley is home to numerous other art galleries, orchestras, ballets, theaters, sculptures, and museums as well.



The Bellagio Conservatory & Botanical Gardens Bellagio garden crystal ball.JPG
The Bellagio Conservatory & Botanical Gardens

Libraries & bookstores

The Lied Library Liedlibrary1.JPG
The Lied Library


Parks and attractions

Wildflowers in Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area Spring Flowers in Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area.jpg
Wildflowers in Red Rock Canyon National Conservation Area
Mount Charleston Mount Charleston and Trout Canyon aerial.jpg
Mount Charleston



  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 While outside of the Valley, considered to be a Las Vegas destination due to close proximity.


The Vegas Strip as seen from the top of the Rio.jpg
The Las Vegas Strip in 2004, as seen from the top of the Rio. The Strip is largely within Paradise.


Las Vegas neighborhoods

Census-designated places

The entrance to Summerlin, an affluent planned community SummerlinEntrance.jpg
The entrance to Summerlin, an affluent planned community

Other communities




Las Vegas is served by 22 television and 46 radio stations. The area is also served by two NOAA Weather Radio transmitters (162.55 MHz located in Boulder City and 162.40 MHz located on Mount Potosi).



The Las Vegas Monorail pulling into the Sahara Station in Paradise. MonorailAtSahara.JPG
The Las Vegas Monorail pulling into the Sahara Station in Paradise.
McCarran International Airport Terminal 3. McCarran Airport Terminal 3, Oct 2016.jpg
McCarran International Airport Terminal 3.
A JetBlue Airbus A320 taking off from McCarran International Airport. A jetBlue's jet is taking off from McCarran Airport.JPG
A JetBlue Airbus A320 taking off from McCarran International Airport.

McCarran International Airport (LAS) provides commercial flights into the Las Vegas Valley. The airport serves domestic, international and cargo flights, as well as some private aircraft. General aviation traffic, however, will typically use the much smaller North Las Vegas Airport or other airfields in the county. Public transportation is provided by RTC Transit. Numerous bus routes cover Las Vegas, Henderson, North Las Vegas and other suburban areas.

The Las Vegas Monorail runs from MGM Grand Las Vegas at the south end of the Strip to the Sahara Las Vegas at the north end of the Strip. The street numbering system is divided by the following streets:

Until 1997, the Amtrak Desert Wind train service ran through Las Vegas using the Union Pacific Railroad (UP) rails that run through the city; Amtrak service to Las Vegas has since been replaced by Amtrak's Thruway Motorcoach bus service. Plans to restore Los Angeles to Las Vegas Amtrak service using a Talgo train have been discussed but no plan for a replacement has been implemented. The Las Vegas Amtrak station was located in the Plaza Hotel. It had the distinction of being the only train station located in a casino.


Rail and bus

While the Las Vegas area does not have any passenger rail service, proposals to revive passenger trains to Las Vegas have included the XpressWest high-speed train from Victorville, California; the California–Nevada Interstate Maglev, which would extend to Anaheim, California, with its first segment being to Primm, Nevada. The Las Vegas Railway Express; and the Z-Train, which would travel six days a week between Los Angeles Union Station and a new Z-Train Station adjacent to the Strip; and the Desert Lightning to Los Angeles and Phoenix. Las Vegas receives about 30 freight trains per day in 2004, and serves as a district crew change point, requiring all trains to stop in downtown. Freight traffic was 179,284 cars in 2004. [52]

Existing services


Las Vegas Boulevard looking south from the Stratosphere Vegas by night (360655015).jpg
Las Vegas Boulevard looking south from the Stratosphere

Two major freeways—Interstate 15 and Interstate 515 (including US 93 and US 95)—cross in downtown Las Vegas. I-15 connects Las Vegas to Los Angeles and San Diego, and heads northeast to Salt Lake City and beyond. Interstate 11 will eventually serve the connection from Nogales, Arizona to the Reno and Sparks vicinity of either Fernley or at the Reno Spaghetti Bowl in Reno when completed. I-515 goes southeast to Henderson, beyond which Interstate 11 bypasses Boulder City and U.S. Route 93 continues past the Mike O'Callaghan–Pat Tillman Memorial Bridge over the Colorado River towards Phoenix, Arizona. US 95 connects the city to northwestern Nevada, including Carson City (the state capitol) and Reno. US 93 splits from I-15 northeast of Las Vegas and goes north through the northeastern part of the state, serving Ely and Wells and US 95 heads south from I-11 and US 93 in Boulder City through far southeastern California. A three-quarters of the Las Vegas Beltway has been built, consisting of Interstate 215 on the south and Clark County 215 on the west and north. Other radial routes include SR 160 to Pahrump and SR 147 and SR 564 (former SR 146) to Lake Mead.

With the notable exceptions of Las Vegas Boulevard, Boulder Highway and Tonopah Highway (better known as the northern part of Rancho Drive), the majority of surface streets outside downtown Las Vegas are laid out along Public Land Survey System section lines. Many are maintained, in part, by the Nevada Department of Transportation (NDOT) as state highways.

East-west roads, north to south [53]
North-south roads, west to east
Major Freeways


The Las Vegas area is dependent on imported gasoline, diesel and aviation fuel as is most of Nevada, which has only one refinery. The region is dependent on the Calnev Pipeline and Unev pipeline as its two main sources of supply. Limited diesel is delivered to a dedicated terminal in North Las Vegas by rail. Diversified supply was provided by the completion of construction on the Unev pipeline in 2011 and its full operational status in 2012.


About 25% of the electric power from Hoover Dam goes to Nevada, [54] and about 70% of power to Southern Nevada comes from natural gas fired power stations. [55]


The interior court of the Thomas and Mack Center during an exhibition game for the 2012 Olympics. Carmelo Anthony dunk USA vs Dominican Republic.jpg
The interior court of the Thomas and Mack Center during an exhibition game for the 2012 Olympics.
The Wynn Golf Club Las Vegas, NV (The Wynn, golf).JPG
The Wynn Golf Club
The T-Mobile Arena as seen from Toshiba Plaza T-mobile Arena.jpg
The T-Mobile Arena as seen from Toshiba Plaza

Las Vegas is home to several notable minor league teams, as well as the UNLV Rebels, and three major professional teams, the Las Vegas Raiders of the National Football League, the Vegas Golden Knights of the National Hockey League, and the Las Vegas Aces of the Women's National Basketball Association.

Professional sports teams
ClubSportLeagueVenue (capacity)SinceTitles
Las Vegas Raiders Football NFL Allegiant Stadium (65,000)20203
Vegas Golden Knights Ice hockey NHL T-Mobile Arena (17,368)20170
Las Vegas Aces Basketball WNBA Mandalay Bay Events Center (12,000)20180
Las Vegas Aviators Baseball PCL (AAA) Las Vegas Ballpark (10,000)19832
Las Vegas Lights FC Soccer USL Cashman Field (9,300)20180


Las Vegas has many natural outdoor recreational options.

There are several multi-use trail systems within the valley operated by multiple organizations. The River Mountains Loop Trail is a 35-mile-long (56 km) trail that connects the west side of the valley with Hoover Dam and Lake Mead. [56] Summerlin offers more than 150 miles of award-winning trails within the 22,500-acre (9,100 ha) community. [57] There are also the 3-mile (4.8 km) Angel Park Trail, Bonanza Trail, and the county's Flamingo Arroyo Trail, [58] I-215 West Beltway Trail (5 miles (8.0 km)), I-215 East Beltway Trail (4 miles (6.4 km)), Tropicana/Flamingo Washes Trail and the Western Trails Park Area Equestrian Trails (4 miles). [59] [60]

Sunset Park at dusk Sunset Park Landscape, Las Vegas, NV.jpg
Sunset Park at dusk

The Las Vegas Valley also hosts world class mountain biking including Bootleg Canyon Mountain Bike Park located in Boulder City which boasts itself as one of the International Mountain Biking Association's "epic rides". [61]


Primary and secondary

The Clark County School District operates all of the public primary and secondary schools in the county with the exception of 37 sponsored public charter schools.

Selected private schools
Alexander Dawson School
Bishop Gorman High School
Faith Lutheran Jr/Sr High School
Henderson International School
The Meadows School
St. Viator School

Colleges and universities

The University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) is in Paradise, about three miles (5 km) south of the city limits and roughly two miles east of the Strip. The University of Nevada Medical School has a campus near downtown Las Vegas. Several national colleges, including the University of Phoenix and Le Cordon Bleu, have campuses in the Las Vegas area. Nevada State College, National University and Touro University Nevada are nearby Henderson. The College of Southern Nevada has campuses in Las Vegas, North Las Vegas and Henderson. Henderson also is home to DeVry University and the Keller Graduate School of Management, as well as the University of Southern Nevada. Other private entities in the Las Vegas Valley include Apollo College and ITT Technical Institute.

Public schools
University of Nevada, Las Vegas (UNLV) is the major higher education institution in Las Vegas
University of Nevada, Reno (UNR) also has a campus for the School of Medicine in Las Vegas. The school now operates as the UNLV School of Medicine.
Nevada State College located in Henderson, Nevada
College of Southern Nevada—formerly known as the Community College of Southern Nevada and Clark County Community College
Private schools 4 year+
Touro University Nevada
Roseman University of Health Sciences

Venues in Las Vegas

See also

Related Research Articles

Las Vegas Largest city in Nevada

Las Vegas, officially the City of Las Vegas and often known simply as Vegas, is the 28th-most populated city in the United States, the most populated city in the state of Nevada, and the county seat of Clark County. The city anchors the Las Vegas Valley metropolitan area and is the largest city within the greater Mojave Desert. Las Vegas is an internationally renowned major resort city, known primarily for its gambling, shopping, fine dining, entertainment, and nightlife. The Las Vegas Valley as a whole serves as the leading financial, commercial, and cultural center for Nevada.

Clark County, Nevada U.S. county in Nevada

Clark County is located in the U.S. state of Nevada. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,951,269, with an estimated population of 2,266,715 in 2019. Most of the county population resides in the Las Vegas Census County Divisions, holding 1,771,945 people as of the 2010 Census, covering the 476 square miles (1,233 km2). It is by far the most populous county in Nevada, accounting for nearly three-quarters of the state's residents – thus making Nevada one of the most centralized states in the United States.

Interstate 515 (I-515) is a 14.444-mile-long (23.245 km) spur route of Interstate 15 in Nevada that runs from the junction of I-11, I-215 and SR 564 in Henderson to the junction of I-15, US 93 and US 95 in Downtown Las Vegas. The freeway connects traffic headed from Boulder City and Henderson to Downtown Las Vegas via a direct, high-speed route and is concurrent with both US 93 and US 95 along its entire length.

Summerlin, Nevada Planned community in Nevada, United States

Summerlin is a suburban master-planned community in the Las Vegas Valley of Southern Nevada. It lies at the edge of the Spring Mountains and Red Rock Canyon to the west; it is partly within the official city limits of Las Vegas and partly within unincorporated Clark County. This rapidly growing community occupies over 22,500 acres and according to its developers, "has grown to encompass more than 230 parks, more than two dozen public and private schools, 14 houses of worship, nine golf courses, three resort hotels, recreational facilities, retail and entertainment centers, well-established office parks, a medical center, and more."

The Las Vegas Beltway is a 50.3-mile (81.0 km) beltway route circling three-quarters of the Las Vegas Valley in southern Nevada. The Las Vegas Beltway carries two numerical designations. Approximately 11.1 miles (17.9 km) of the highway, from its southern terminus at Interstate 11/Interstate 515/U.S. Route 93/U.S. Route 95 in Henderson west and northwest to Interstate 15, is signed as Interstate 215 (I-215); however, only two distinct portions of this section, totaling a little over 4.6 miles (7.4 km), are maintained by the Nevada Department of Transportation. Clark County Route 215 composes the remaining 39.2 miles (63.1 km) of this semi-circumferral highway, with the county's Department of Public Works responsible for all construction and maintenance.

Nevada State Route 159 Highway in Nevada

State Route 159 is a 31.204-mile (50.218 km) east–west highway in southern Nevada, providing access to Red Rock Canyon and serving as a thoroughfare in the Las Vegas metropolitan area. A portion of the west end of the route is designated a Nevada Scenic Byway.

Las Vegas Boulevard is a major road in the Las Vegas Valley of Nevada, best known for the Las Vegas Strip portion of the road and its casinos. Formerly carrying U.S. Route 91 (US 91), which had been the main highway between Los Angeles and Salt Lake City, it has been bypassed by Interstate 15, and serves mainly local traffic with some sections designated State Route 604.

State Route 604 is the route number designation for parts of Las Vegas Boulevard, a major north–south road in the Las Vegas metropolitan area of Nevada in the United States best known for the Las Vegas Strip and its casinos. Formerly carrying U.S. Route 91, which had been the main highway between Los Angeles and Salt Lake City, it has been bypassed by Interstate 15 and serves mainly local traffic.

This history of Las Vegas covers both the city of Las Vegas, Nevada and the Las Vegas Valley.

Jean, Nevada Unincorporated community in Nevada, United States

Jean is a small commercial town in Clark County, Nevada, United States, located approximately 12 mi (19 km) north of the Nevada–California state line along Interstate 15. Las Vegas is located about 30 mi (48 km) to the north. There are no residents of Jean, but many people in nearby communities such as Primm and Sandy Valley have Jean listed in their mailing address because it is the location of the main post office for the 89019 ZIP code. South Las Vegas Boulevard ends about 2 mi (3.2 km) south of Jean, and it contiguously runs northbound past Las Vegas, ending near the I-15–US 93 Junction.

Downtown Las Vegas Human settlement in United States of America

Downtown Las Vegas is the central business district and historic center of Las Vegas, Nevada. It is the original townsite and was the gambling district of Las Vegas prior to the Strip, and the area still incorporates downtown gaming. As the urban core of the Las Vegas Valley, it features a variety of hotel and business highrises, cultural centers, historical buildings and government institutions, as well as residential and retail developments. Downtown is located in the center of the Las Vegas Valley and just north of the Las Vegas Strip, centered on Fremont Street, the Fremont Street Experience and Fremont East. The city defines the area as bounded by I-15 on the west, Washington Avenue on the north, Maryland Parkway on the east and Sahara Avenue on the south.

State Route 589 (SR 589) comprised a large portion of Sahara Avenue, a major east–west section line road in the Las Vegas Valley. The road is named after the Sahara Hotel and Casino which is located on Las Vegas Boulevard where it intersects with Sahara Avenue.

The Arrowhead Trail or Arrowhead Highway was the first all-weather road in the Western United States that connected Los Angeles, California to Salt Lake City, Utah by way of Las Vegas, Nevada. Built primarily during the auto trails period of the 1910s, prior to the establishment of the U.S. numbered highway system, the road was replaced in 1926 by U.S. Route 91 (US 91) and subsequently Interstate 15 (I‑15). Small portions of the route in California and Las Vegas, Las Vegas Boulevard, are sometimes still referred to by the name, or as Arrow Highway.

Tropicana Avenue is a major east–west section line arterial in the Las Vegas area. The road is named after Tropicana Las Vegas which is located on the Las Vegas Boulevard where it intersects with Tropicana Avenue. Part of it is signed as Nevada State Route 593.

State Route 594 (SR 594) comprised approximately 0.723 miles (1.164 km) of Russell Road, a section line road in the Las Vegas Valley. Russell Road is not a continuous road through the valley. It is the principal eastern local access for McCarran International Airport serving as the northern boundary for the eastern end of the road. The road terminates in the airport and resumes at Las Vegas Boulevard on the western edge of the airport. The intersection of Russell Road and Las Vegas Boulevard is often considered to mark the southern terminus of the Las Vegas Strip.

State Route 582 (SR 582) is a major 15.392-mile-long (24.771 km) highway in the Las Vegas Valley. The highway is the former route of U.S. Route 93 (US 93) and US 95 before they were moved to the current freeway alignment shared with Interstate 11 (I-11) and Interstate 515 (I-515). Known primarily as Boulder Highway, the route connects Downtown Las Vegas with Henderson and Boulder City to the southeast.

Interstate 15 (I-15) is an Interstate Highway in the U.S. state of Nevada that begins in Primm, continues through Las Vegas and it crosses the border with Arizona in Mesquite. Within the state, the freeway runs entirely in Clark County. Many motorists use I-15 to visit Las Vegas, as it is the only primary Interstate Highway in the city. The highway was built along the corridor of the older U.S. Route 91 (US 91) and Arrowhead Trail, eventually replacing both of these roads.

U.S. Route 95 in Nevada Section of U.S. Highway in Nevada, United States

U.S. Route 95 is a major U.S. highway traversing the U.S. state of Nevada from north to south directly through Las Vegas and providing connections to both Carson City and Reno. US 95 is cosigned with Interstate 80 for 95 miles (153 km) between a junction in Trinity and Winnemucca before heading north into Oregon at McDermitt.

Las Vegas is a major city in the U.S. state of Nevada.

The following is a timeline of the history of the city of Las Vegas, Nevada, United States. The spanish Trader Antonio Armijo led a 60-man party along the Spanish Trail to Los Angeles, California in 1829 and found a natural steam water Land that was named Las Vegas.


  1. "Metropolitan Statistical Areas and Components, December 2005, with codes". Archived from the original on February 9, 2006. Retrieved March 23, 2007.
  2. "2013 Estimates". Nevada State Demographer's Office. Archived from the original on February 9, 2014. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
  3. 1 2 "Clark County, NV – FAQs/History" . Retrieved December 4, 2008.
  4. Spillman, Benjamin (April 15, 2009). "LVCVA: What works here, stays here". Las Vegas Review-Journal . Retrieved May 8, 2012.
  5. Carroll, Laura (June 12, 2013). "Cirque characters, comedy acts liven up travel trade show". Las Vegas Review-Journal . Retrieved June 12, 2013.
  6. "Las Vegas: Bright Lights, Big City, Small Town". State of the Reunion. Archived from the original on June 2, 2013. Retrieved July 5, 2013.
  7. Lake, Richard (December 17, 2008). "Road Warrior Q&A: Foliage removed for widening" . Retrieved October 3, 2013.
  8. 1 2 "Brief early history review of the Las Vegas Valley" . Retrieved August 30, 2015.
  9. Barbara Land, Myrick Land, "A short history of Las Vegas", University of Nevada Press, 2004, p. 4.
  10. David Barboza (January 24, 2007). "Asian Rival Moves Past Las Vegas". New York Times. Retrieved August 14, 2011.
  11. Donald Greenlees (January 18, 2008). "American in Action as Macao Casinos Soar". New York Times. Retrieved June 10, 2008.
  12. "County Composition of Metropolitan Areas: 1940-2006". Minnesota Population Center, University of Minnesota. Retrieved June 22, 2012.
  13. "2001 Metropolitan Area Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates Las Vegas, NV-AZ MSA". U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. December 5, 2002. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
  14. "Metropolitan Areas: Concepts, Components, and Population" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. 1999. Retrieved June 18, 2012.
  15. 1 2 "OMB Bulletin No. 13-01: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas" (PDF). United States Office of Management and Budget. February 28, 2013. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 19, 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
  16. 1 2 "Table 1. Annual Estimates of the Population of Metropolitan and Micropolitan Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". 2012 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2013. Archived from the original (CSV) on April 1, 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
  17. "Table 2. Annual Estimates of the Population of Combined Statistical Areas: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". 2012 Population Estimates. United States Census Bureau, Population Division. March 2013. Archived from the original (CSV) on May 17, 2013. Retrieved March 20, 2013.
  18. Nevada Atlas & Gazetteer, DeLorme, c. 2010, p. 70, p. 66-67.
  19. Nevada Atlas & Gazetteer, p. 70.
  20. Nevada Atlas & Gazetteer, p. 70, p. 66-67.
  21. "DESCRIPTION OF STUDY AREA" (PDF). Southern Nevada Water Authority. 1987. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 28, 2012. Retrieved July 29, 2011.
  22. 1 2 John W. Bell. "Las Vegas Valley: Land Subsidence and Fissuring Due to Ground-Water Withdrawal". U.S. Geological Survey . Retrieved March 6, 2012.
  23. William Acevedo; Leonard Gaydos; Janet Tilley; Carol Mladinich; Janis Buchanan; Steve Blauer; Kelley Kruger; Jamie Schubert. "Urban Land Use Change in the Las Vegas Valley". U.S. Geological Survey . Retrieved March 6, 2012.
  24. 1 2 3 "Las Vegas Climate Book". Las Vegas: National Weather Service Forecast Office. 2009. Archived from the original on May 4, 2009. Retrieved August 13, 2009.
  25. "Historical Averages for Las Vegas, NV". Archived from the original on January 20, 2017. Retrieved January 27, 2016.
  26. William R. Page; Scott C. Lundstrom; Anita G. Harris; Victoria E. Langenheim; Jeremiah B. Workman; Shannon A. Mahan; James B. Paces; Gary L. Dixon; Peter D. Rowley; B.C. Burchfiel; John W. Bell; Eugene I. Smith. "Geologic and Geophysical maps of the Las Vegas 30' X 60' Quadrangle, Clark and Nye Counties, Nevada, and Inyo County, California" (PDF). U.S. Geological Survey. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
  27. Keith Rogers (April 11, 1999). "Valley faults capable of healthy jolt". Las Vegas Review-Journal . Retrieved March 7, 2012.
  28. Wanda J. Taylor. "Quaternary faulting and Seismic Source Characterization in the Las Vegas Metropolitan Area" (PDF). Retrieved March 6, 2012.
  29. WONG, Ivan, OLIG, Susan, and DOBER, Mark. "THE LAS VEGAS VALLEY FAULT SYSTEM: WHAT IF?". The Geological Society of America. Retrieved March 6, 2012.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  30. Dwyer, Colleen. The Colorado River and Hoover Dam Facts and Figures Archived May 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine Bureau of Reclamation , January 2012. Retrieved February 26, 2012.
  31. John Lippert and Jim Efstathiou Jr. Las Vegas Running Out of Water Means Dimming Los Angeles Lights Bloomberg , February 26, 2009. Retrieved February 26, 2012. Quote: "in June 2007 was $3.01 in Atlanta and 57 cents in Las Vegas"
  32. Felicity Barringer. Las Vegas's Worried Water Czar The New York Times , September 28, 2010. Retrieved February 26, 2012.
  33. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on July 4, 2010. Retrieved June 3, 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  34. "CNNmoney". CNN. Retrieved October 1, 2008. At the time of this article, the company now known as Caesars Entertainment was Harrah's Entertainment.
  35. "For Press and Research > Stats & Facts". Retrieved January 10, 2009.
  36. US Casino Hotels Industry Report" IBISWorld, November 2008
  37. Shubinski, Jennifer (August 27, 2004). "Onward and upward". Las Vegas Sun. Retrieved March 17, 2017.
  38. Smith, Hubble (January 21, 2005). "Expert sees upside for high-rise condos". Las Vegas Review-Journal. Archived from the original on January 23, 2005.
  39. "Downtown Project – Revitalizing Downtown Las Vegas". Retrieved June 28, 2017.
  41. "Las Vegas Master Planned Communities". Great Las Vegas Homes. Retrieved July 6, 2018.
  42. "LAS VEGAS VISITOR PROFILE" (PDF). Las Vegas Convention and Visitors Authority (GLS Research). Retrieved November 19, 2012.
  43. "Four of Las Vegas' Largest Trade Shows Return in 2015/2016". Archived from the original on February 14, 2016. Retrieved February 12, 2016.
  44. "Las Vegas Stats and Facts". Retrieved February 12, 2016.
  45. "First Friday-Las Vegas". First Friday-Las Vegas. Retrieved February 20, 2011.
  46. "Las Vegas Zoo closing its doors for good". KTNV-TV. Archived from the original on July 23, 2014. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
  47. Wet 'n' Wild Las Vegas (May 16, 2013). "First official rides on four Wet 'n' Wild Las Vegas slides to be auctioned for Andre Agassi Foundation for Education and Opportunity Village" (Press release). Retrieved June 24, 2013.
  48. Scheid, Jenny. "New presses are the worlds's largest". Newsbank. Las Vegas Review-Journal. Retrieved August 6, 2018.
  49. "10 Newspapers That Do It Right 2018: Recognizing Success in Pioneering Newsrooms, Advertising Growth and Community Engagement – Editor & Publisher". Retrieved March 30, 2018.
  50. Rainey, James. "Sleeping with the enemy newspaper". Los Angeles Times. p. E1. Retrieved March 8, 2006.
  51. Las Vegas to Los Angeles Rail Corridor Improvement Feasibility Study p172 Regional Transportation Commission of Southern Nevada, June 2007. Retrieved December 12, 2011.
  52. Most arterial roads are shown, as indicated on the Nevada Department of Transportation's 2004 Roadway Functional Classification map Archived June 24, 2008, at the Wayback Machine . Retrieved May 2008.
  53. "Frequently Asked Questions: Hydropower". Bureau of Reclamation. Archived from the original on March 23, 2010. Retrieved July 2, 2010.
  54. Where Our Power Comes From NVEnergy . Retrieved February 26, 2012.
  55. "Welcome to the River Mountains Trail" . Retrieved June 16, 2011.
  56. "Trails Community: Summerlin in Las Vegas, Nevada" . Retrieved June 16, 2011.
  57. "Flamingo Arroyo Trail System". Archived from the original on December 11, 2011. Retrieved June 16, 2011.
  58. "Completed Trail Projects". Archived from the original on June 3, 2011. Retrieved June 16, 2011.
  59. "CLARK COUNTY TRAIL SYSTEM LAS VEGAS VALLEY" (PDF). Retrieved June 16, 2011.
  60. "Bootleg Canyon" . Retrieved February 14, 2014.