Oceanside, California

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Oceanside, California
City of Oceanside
Oceanside, CA USA - Mission San Luis Rey De Francia, 1798 - panoramio (cropped).jpg
Oceanside SW01 (cropped).jpg
Oceanside Civic Center-9.jpg
Mt. Ecclesia (cropped).jpg
Strand San Diego 1 (cropped).jpg
Clockwise: Mission San Luis Rey de Francia; Oceanside City Hall; Oceanside Strand; Mount Ecclesia
Flag of Oceanside, California.png
Seal of Oceanside, California.png
San Diego County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Oceanside Highlighted 0653322.svg
Location of Oceanside within San Diego County, California
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Oceanside, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 33°12′42″N117°19′33″W / 33.21167°N 117.32583°W / 33.21167; -117.32583 Coordinates: 33°12′42″N117°19′33″W / 33.21167°N 117.32583°W / 33.21167; -117.32583
Country Flag of the United States.svg United States of America
State Flag of California.svg  California
County Flag of San Diego County, California.png San Diego
Incorporated July 3, 1888 [1]
Government
  Type Council–manager [2]
   Mayor Esther Sanchez
Area
[3]
  Total42.16 sq mi (109.19 km2)
  Land41.26 sq mi (106.85 km2)
  Water0.90 sq mi (2.33 km2)  2.23%
Elevation
[4]
66 ft (20 m)
Population
 (2020) [5]
  Total174,068
  Rank 3rd in San Diego County
28th in California
148th in the United States
  Density4,259.79/sq mi (1,644.73/km2)
Demonym(s) Oceansider
O'sider
Time zone UTC−8 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST) UTC−7 (PDT)
ZIP Codes
92049, 92051, 92052, 92054, 92056–92058
Area codes 442/760
FIPS code 06-53322
GNIS feature IDs 1652761, 2411301
City flower Crimson Lake Bougainvillea
Website www.ci.oceanside.ca.us

Oceanside is a city on the South Coast of California, located in San Diego County. The city had a population of 167,086 at the 2010 census. The city is a popular tourist destination, owing to its historic landmarks, beaches, and architecture.

Contents

Oceanside's origins date to 1798, when the Spanish founded the village of San Luis Rey with the establishment of Mission San Luis Rey de Francia by Fermín de Lasuén. During the Spanish period, Mission San Luis Rey grew to be the largest of all the Californian missions, but following the Mexican secularization act of 1833 the mission and its community declined. Following the U.S. conquest of California, the former mission lands were developed into an oceanfront resort and the community's name gradually changed to Oceanside.

History

Oceanside's origins date to 1798, when the Spanish founded Mission San Luis Rey de Francia under the leadership of Fermin de Lasuen. "Mission San Luis Rey de Francia" (Christian Jorgensen, c. 1910; oil on canvas).jpg
Oceanside's origins date to 1798, when the Spanish founded Mission San Luis Rey de Francia under the leadership of Fermín de Lasuén.
The village of San Luis Rey and its mission in 1827 View of Mission San Luis Rey in 1827.jpg
The village of San Luis Rey and its mission in 1827

Originally inhabited by Native Americans, Oceanside was first settled by the Luiseño peoples, or the Payomkawichum. The city of Oceanside sits on the locality on the San Luis Rey River that the Luiseno called Tacayme, which contained the villages of Qée'ish (Keish) and 'ikáymay (Ikamal), in the San Luis Rey Mission area, Wiyóoya (Wiawio) at the mouth of the river, and Wi'áasamay (Wiasamai) and Waxáwmay (Wahaumai) at Guajome. [6]

Spanish era

The first European explorers arrived in 1769. Spanish missionaries under Father Junípero Serra founded Mission San Luis Rey de Francia on a former site of a Luiseño Indian village on the banks of the San Luis Rey River called Keish according to the Portolà expedition who visited in the 1769.

In the early 19th century, the introduction of farming and grazing changed the landscape of what would become Oceanside.

Mexican era

Luisenos refusing to work for Captain Pablo de la Portilla in 1835 The Luisenos Refusing to Work Under Captain Pablo de la Portilla.jpg
Luiseños refusing to work for Captain Pablo de la Portillà in 1835

Following the Mexican secularization act of 1833, the Californian missions were nationalized, transferring their ownership from the Franciscan Order of the Catholic Church to the Mexican Government. A mission administrator was appointed to each mission to oversee the process of secularization, the removal of the priests, and the selling or granting of the mission lands to private citizens.

At Mission San Luis Rey, Padre Antonio Peyrí had presided over the mission for 34 years when soldiers forced his removal in late 1833. Captain Pablo de la Portillà was appointed as administrator of San Luis Rey. Following the departure of Padre Peyrí, relations between the Luiseños and the new civilian administration hugely deteriorated, resulting in their famed refusal to work for Captain Portillà in 1835.

American era

View of Oceanside at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries View of Oceanside at the turn of the century.png
View of Oceanside at the turn of the 19th and 20th centuries
The Americanization School was built in 1931 as a segregated school which aimed at Americanizing Oceanside's Hispanic community. Ocean Americanization (cropped).jpg
The Americanization School was built in 1931 as a segregated school which aimed at Americanizing Oceanside's Hispanic community.

In the late 1850s, Andrew Jackson Myers lived in San Joaquin County, but he returned in the late 1880s and lived in San Luis Rey. In 1882 Myers moved on the land that was the original town site for Oceanside. A patent for the land was issued in 1883 by the federal government. [8] It was incorporated on July 3, 1888. The city hall as of the early 21st century stands on the former Myers homestead. [8]

The town post office contains an oil-on-canvas mural, Air Mail, painted in 1937 by Elsie Seeds. Federally commissioned murals were produced from 1934 to 1943 in the United States through the Section of Painting and Sculpture, later called the Section of Fine Arts, of the Treasury Department. [9]

In the 20th century, Oceanside was a beach town devoted to activities on a 6-mile (10 km) stretch of beaches. Residential areas like downtown (built in the 1890s), South Oceanside (built in the 1920s and 1930s), and developments east of Interstate 5 (built after World War II) are preserved and remodeled when these houses are considered to have historical value.[ citation needed ] Since the establishment of Marine Corps Base Camp Pendleton in 1942, Oceanside has been home to U.S. armed forces personnel, and the wartime industry of WWII and the 1950s had an ammunition manufacturing facility in the city.[ citation needed ]

After 1970, the main focus[ citation needed ] of Oceanside was suburban development. Oceanside continues to be known as a vacation home market. [10]

In the 2010s, several mid-rise and high-rise housing and lodging projects were completed in the downtown area, with more to come. In 2021, two large Hyatt resorts were completed, bringing more tourists to the city. [11]

Geography

Aerial view of Oceanside and the Oceanside Pier Oceanside Pier Aerial.jpg
Aerial view of Oceanside and the Oceanside Pier

Oceanside is at 33°12′42″N117°19′33″W / 33.21167°N 117.32583°W / 33.21167; -117.32583 (33.211566, -117.325701). [12]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 42.2 square miles (109 km2), of which 41.2 square miles (107 km2) is land and 0.9 square miles (2.3 km2) (2.23%) is water.

Traveling north on Interstate 5, Oceanside is the last city before Orange County. As the crow flies, it is roughly the same distance from Aliso Viejo as it is to downtown San Diego.

Together with Carlsbad and Vista, it forms a tri-city area.

Climate

Oceanside experiences a semi-arid climate (Köppen climate classification BSh) that is significantly tempered by maritime winds and the cool currents off the shoreline. The average high temperatures range from 64 to 77 °F (18 to 25 °C), while the average low temperatures range from 45 to 64 °F (7 to 18 °C).

Climate data for Oceanside Municipal Airport, California (normals 1999–2022; extremes 1999–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °F (°C)92
(33)
91
(33)
92
(33)
98
(37)
89
(32)
89
(32)
94
(34)
93
(34)
105
(41)
106
(41)
98
(37)
87
(31)
106
(41)
Mean maximum °F (°C)82.0
(27.8)
80.1
(26.7)
81.3
(27.4)
83.2
(28.4)
80.0
(26.7)
79.6
(26.4)
85.4
(29.7)
85.9
(29.9)
92.5
(33.6)
91.0
(32.8)
87.0
(30.6)
79.1
(26.2)
96.4
(35.8)
Average high °F (°C)66.7
(19.3)
66.0
(18.9)
66.3
(19.1)
68.9
(20.5)
69.8
(21.0)
72.7
(22.6)
76.5
(24.7)
78.3
(25.7)
77.8
(25.4)
75.0
(23.9)
70.9
(21.6)
66.1
(18.9)
71.2
(21.8)
Daily mean °F (°C)53.6
(12.0)
54.1
(12.3)
56.2
(13.4)
58.3
(14.6)
62.1
(16.7)
65.5
(18.6)
69.3
(20.7)
70.2
(21.2)
68.5
(20.3)
63.8
(17.7)
57.4
(14.1)
52.9
(11.6)
61.0
(16.1)
Average low °F (°C)40.5
(4.7)
42.1
(5.6)
46.2
(7.9)
47.6
(8.7)
54.4
(12.4)
58.2
(14.6)
62.1
(16.7)
62.1
(16.7)
59.2
(15.1)
52.6
(11.4)
43.8
(6.6)
39.8
(4.3)
50.7
(10.4)
Mean minimum °F (°C)31.7
(−0.2)
33.0
(0.6)
37.3
(2.9)
40.3
(4.6)
45.3
(7.4)
49.8
(9.9)
54.8
(12.7)
54.7
(12.6)
50.0
(10.0)
42.0
(5.6)
34.0
(1.1)
30.0
(−1.1)
28.5
(−1.9)
Record low °F (°C)25
(−4)
28
(−2)
29
(−2)
37
(3)
38
(3)
45
(7)
51
(11)
50
(10)
45
(7)
34
(1)
28
(−2)
25
(−4)
25
(−4)
Average precipitation inches (mm)2.37
(60)
2.90
(74)
1.68
(43)
0.87
(22)
0.30
(7.6)
0.11
(2.8)
0.05
(1.3)
0.04
(1.0)
0.13
(3.3)
0.64
(16)
0.79
(20)
1.98
(50)
11.86
(301)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 in)6.48.97.84.93.71.50.70.71.64.75.87.355.2
Source: NOAA [13]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1900 330
1910 673103.9%
1920 1,16172.5%
1930 3,508202.2%
1940 4,65132.6%
1950 12,881177.0%
1960 24,97193.9%
1970 40,49462.2%
1980 76,69889.4%
1990 128,39867.4%
2000 161,02925.4%
2010 167,0863.8%
2020 174,0684.2%
U.S. Decennial Census [14] [15]

2010

The church at Mission San Luis Rey de Francia is a parish of the Roman Catholic Diocese of San Diego. San Luis Rey Mission.jpg
The church at Mission San Luis Rey de Francia is a parish of the Roman Catholic Diocese of San Diego.

The 2010 United States Census [16] reported that Oceanside had a population of 167,086. The population density was 3,961.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,529.7/km2). The racial makeup of Oceanside was 109,020 (65.2%) White, 7,873 (4.7%) African American, 1,385 (0.8%) Native American, 11,081 (6.6%) Asian (3.4% Filipino, 0.7% Japanese, 0.7% Vietnamese, 0.6% Chinese, 0.4% Korean, 0.2% Indian), 2,144 (1.3%) Pacific Islander, 25,886 (15.5%) from other races, and 9,697 (5.8%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 59,947 persons (35.9%).

The Census reported that 166,150 people (99.4% of the population) lived in households, 802 (0.5%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 134 (0.1%) were institutionalized.

There were 59,238 households, out of which 20,486 (34.6%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 30,201 (51.0%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 6,947 (11.7%) had a female householder with no husband present, 3,111 (5.3%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 3,504 (5.9%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 472 (0.8%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. Of the households 14,117 (23.8%) were made up of individuals, and 6,161 (10.4%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.80. There were 40,259 families (68.0% of all households); the average family size was 3.32.

The population was spread out, with 39,817 people (23.8%) under the age of 18, 19,028 people (11.4%) aged 18 to 24, 45,797 people (27.4%) aged 25 to 44, 40,943 people (24.5%) aged 45 to 64, and 21,501 people (12.9%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35.2 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.0 males.

There were 64,435 housing units at an average density of 1,527.8 per square mile (589.9/km2), of which 34,986 (59.1%) were owner-occupied, and 24,252 (40.9%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 2.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 6.2%. Of the population 97,645 people (58.4%) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 68,505 people (41.0%) lived in rental housing units.

2000

Mount Ecclesia is the headquarters of the Rosicrucian Fellowship. Mt. Ecclesia-3 (cropped).jpg
Mount Ecclesia is the headquarters of the Rosicrucian Fellowship.
California Surf Museum CA Surf Museum.jpg
California Surf Museum

As of the census [17] of 2000, there were 161,029 people, 56,488 households, and 39,259 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,967.2 inhabitants per square mile (1,531.7/km2). There were 59,581 housing units at an average density of 1,467.9 per square mile (566.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 66.4% White, 6.3% African American, 5.5% Asian, 1.2% Pacific Islander, 0.4% Native American or Alaskan Native, 0.1% from another race alone, and 3.2% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race was 30.2%.

In 2000, there were 56,488 households, out of which 35.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.1% were married couples living together, 11.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.5% were non-families. Of all households 22.7% were made up of individuals, and 10.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.83 and the average family size was 3.33.

The age distribution of Oceanside in 2000 was as follows: 27.6% under the age of 18, 10.2% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 17.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 33 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $46,301, and the median income for a family was $52,232. Males had a median income of $34,772 versus $27,962 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,329. About 8.2% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.2% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.

Economy

Oceanside Harbor Village Oceanside Harbor Village.jpg
Oceanside Harbor Village
Tri-City Medical Center Tri-city medical center.jpg
Tri-City Medical Center

According to the city's 2017 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [18] the top employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1 Oceanside Unified School District 2,957
2Tri-City Hospital District2,423
3 Mira Costa College 1,605
4City of Oceanside1,029
5West Coast Tomato Growers751
6North County Transit District737
7Genentech, Inc.462
8TE Connectivity426
9 Hydranautics 358
10Oceans Eleven Casino344

Arts and culture

Sunshine Brooks Theatre Sunshine Brooks Theater-1.jpg
Sunshine Brooks Theatre
Downtown, Sunset Market E6a631 8a4b15ce70214e5caec827712a00208d.webp
Downtown, Sunset Market

Government

Oceanside Civic Center Oceanside CA Civic Center 3.jpg
Oceanside Civic Center
Oceanside Post Office Post Office (Oceanside, California)-5 (cropped).jpg
Oceanside Post Office

The city operates under the council-manager form of government. The city council consists of four members elected from districts and one mayor [24] elected at large. The current council is composed of: Esther Sanchez (mayor), Ryan Keim (deputy mayor), Peter Weiss, Kori Jensen, and Christopher Rodriguez. [25]

The current city treasurer is Victor Roy. [26] The current city clerk is Zeb Navarro. [27]

The City of Oceanside is a full-service city. It provides its own police and fire safety, library, water and sewer services. In addition, the city has a municipal airport, a small craft harbor, one of the longest wooden piers in the west, golf courses, swimming pools, numerous parks, community centers, and extensive palm-lined beaches.

State and federal representation

In the California State Legislature, Oceanside is in the 36th Senate District , represented by Republican Janet Nguyen, and in the 76th Assembly District , represented by Democrat Brian Maienschein. [28]

In the United States House of Representatives, Oceanside is in California's 49th congressional district , represented by Democrat Mike Levin. [29]

Education

Oceanside High School Oceanside high school - Sep 2020 - Pic3.jpg
Oceanside High School

Residents of Oceanside may attend schools in the Oceanside Unified School District, Vista Unified School District, Bonsall Union School District, Carlsbad Unified School District, Fallbrook Union High School District, or Fallbrook Union Elementary School District, depending on their address. The Oceanside Unified School District provides instrumental music programs in grades 4-12.

The Oceanside Unified School District has two comprehensive high schools, El Camino High School off Rancho Del Oro and Oceanside High School off Mission Avenue. High school students are also served by Ocean Shores Continuation High School and Clair Burgener Academy. OUSD has 24 schools plus three charter schools, including the School of Business and Technology, and two brand new schools, Louise Foussat Elementary School and Cesar Chavez Middle School, that opened in the Fall of 2007. Cesar Chavez Middle School, which is on the corner of Frazee and Oleander, will be built on 14 acres (5.7 ha), house 11 buildings totaling 84,000 square feet (7,800 m2), and will serve 1,000 6th–8th grade students.

The other school, Louise Foussat Elementary School, located on Pala Road, is built on 12.6 acres (5.1 ha) of land with 35 classrooms totaling 54,490 square feet (5,062 m2) and can accommodate 800 students.

A free, independent public charter school, Scholarship Prep, is a new TK-8th grade school which was authorized to open in August 2017 and is sited at the historic San Luis Rey Mission. It offers a full educational experience for Oceanside students.

Transportation

Sprinter train at Oceanside Transportation Center Sprinter train oceanside.jpg
Sprinter train at Oceanside Transportation Center

Rail and air

The Oceanside Transit Center is a major railway interchange for long distance and commuter rail services. Amtrak's Pacific Surfliner provides service to San Luis Obispo via Los Angeles and San Diego. Metrolink's commuter rail service connects Oceanside to many parts of Greater Los Angeles, while Coaster commuter rail serves northern and central San Diego County. The Sprinter light rail service connects Oceanside to Escondido.

Oceanside Municipal Airport (OCN) is mainly used a general aviation field. The nearest international airport is San Diego International Airport, connected to Oceanside via Amtrak and Coaster rail services.

Interstate and highways

Interstate 5 (I-5) travels through Oceanside, connecting to California State Route 76 (SR 76) and California State Route 78 (SR 78) within the city.

Notable people

Sister cities

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">San Diego County, California</span> County in California, United States

San Diego County, officially the County of San Diego, is a county in the southwestern corner of the U.S. state of California. As of the 2020 census, the population was 3,298,634, making it California's second-most populous county and the fifth-most populous in the United States. Its county seat is San Diego, the second-most populous city in California and the eighth-most populous city in the United States. It is the southwesternmost county in the 48 contiguous United States, and is a border county. It is also home to 18 Native American tribal reservations, the most of any county in the United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Temescal Valley, California</span> Census-designated place in California, United States

Temescal Valley is a census-designated place in Riverside County, California. Temescal Valley sits at an elevation of 1,138 feet (347 m). The 2010 United States census reported Temescal Valley's population was 22,535.

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