Coronado, California

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Coronado, California
City of Coronado
Hotel del Coronado.JPG
The Hotel del Coronado in December 2008
Flag of Coronado, California.svg
Flag
Seal of Coronado, California.png
Seal
Nickname(s): 
"The Crown City"
San Diego County California Incorporated and Unincorporated areas Coronado Highlighted 0616378.svg
Location of Coronado in San Diego County, California.
Usa edcp relief location map.png
Red pog.svg
Coronado, California
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 32°40′41″N117°10′21″W / 32.67806°N 117.17250°W / 32.67806; -117.17250 Coordinates: 32°40′41″N117°10′21″W / 32.67806°N 117.17250°W / 32.67806; -117.17250
Country Flag of the United States.svg  United States of America
State Flag of California.svg  California
County Flag of San Diego County, California.png San Diego
Incorporated December 11, 1890 [1]
Government
  Type Mayor-council
   Mayor Richard Bailey (R) [2]
Area
[3]
  Total32.67 sq mi (84.60 km2)
  Land7.93 sq mi (20.54 km2)
  Water24.73 sq mi (64.06 km2)  75.72%
Elevation
[4]
16 ft (5 m)
Population
 (2010) [5] [6]
  Total18,912
  Estimate 
(2018) [7]
21,390
  Density3,272.22/sq mi (1,263.41/km2)
Time zone UTC-8 (Pacific)
  Summer (DST) UTC-7 (PDT)
ZIP codes
92118, 92178
Area code 619
FIPS code 06-16378
GNIS feature IDs 1660513, 2410233
Website www.coronado.ca.us

Coronado is a resort city located in San Diego County, California, across the San Diego Bay from downtown San Diego. [8] It was founded in the 1880s and incorporated in 1890. Its population was 18,192 at the 2010 census, [5] [6] down from 24,100 at the 2000 census.

Contents

Coronado lies on an island connected to the mainland by a tombolo called the Silver Strand . In 1602 the explorer Sebastian Vizcaino gave the island its name and drew its first map. In 2012 Dr. Stephen Leatherman, Director of the Laboratory for Coastal Research, ranked Coronado Beach as the best beach in the United States. [9]

Coronado is Spanish for "crowned one," and thus it is nicknamed The Crown City. Three ships of the United States Navy have been named after the city, including USS Coronado.

History

Coronado was incorporated as a town on December 11, 1890. The land was purchased by Elisha Spurr Babcock, along with Hampton L. Story, and Jacob Gruendike. Their intention was to create a resort community, and in 1886, the Coronado Beach Company was organized. By 1888, they had built the Hotel del Coronado and the city became a major resort destination. They also built a schoolhouse, and formed athletic, boating, and baseball clubs.

Amusement Park, Tent City Amusement Park, Tent City, Coronado, Calif (NYPL b12647398-75810).tiff
Amusement Park, Tent City

In 1900, a tourist/vacation area just south of the Hotel del Coronado was established by John D. Spreckels and named Tent City. Spreckels also became the Hotel's Owner. [10] Over the years the tents gave way to cottages, the last of which was torn down in late 1940 or early 1941.

In the 1910s, Coronado had streetcars running on Orange Avenue. These streetcars became a fixture of the city until their retirement in 1939. [11]

Geography

The sun rises over the San Diego-Coronado Bridge with smoke from the Harris Fire looming overhead US Navy 071023-N-5491S-001 The sun rises over the Coronado Bay Bridge with smoke from the Harris fire looming overhead.jpg
The sun rises over the San Diego–Coronado Bridge with smoke from the Harris Fire looming overhead

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 32.7 square miles (85 km2); 20.5 km² (7.9 mi²) of the city is land and 24.7 square miles (64 km2) of it (75.72%) is water.

A view of San Diego from Coronado View Of Downtown San Diego From Coronado CA.jpg
A view of San Diego from Coronado

Geographically, Coronado is a peninsula or a "tied island"; since the completion of a road to the mainland, it is no longer an "island." Coronado is connected to the mainland by a strip of land called the Silver Strand. The Silver Strand, Coronado and North Island, form San Diego Bay. Since recorded history, Coronado was mostly separated from North Island by a shallow inlet of water called the Spanish Bight. The development of North Island by the United States Navy prior to and during World War II led to the filling of the bight by July 1944, combining the land areas into a single body. [12] The Navy still operates Naval Air Station North Island (NASNI or "North Island") on Coronado. On the southern side of the town is Naval Amphibious Base Coronado, a training center for Navy SEALs and Special warfare combatant-craft crewmen (SWCC). Both facilities are part of the larger Naval Base Coronado complex. Coronado has increased in size due to dredge material being dumped on its shoreline and through the natural accumulation of sand. The "Country Club" area on the northwest side of Coronado, the "Glorietta" area and golf course on the southeast side of Coronado, most of the Naval Amphibious Base Coronado, most of the Strand Naval Housing, and most of the Coronado Cays (all on the south side of Coronado) were built on dirt dredged from San Diego Bay.

On New Year's Day 1937, during the Great Depression, the gambling ship SS Monte Carlo, known for "drinks, dice, and dolls," was shipwrecked on the beach about a quarter mile south of the Hotel del Coronado. [13]

In 1969, the San Diego–Coronado Bridge was opened, allowing much faster transit between the cities than bay ferries or driving via State Route 75 along the Silver Strand. The bridge is made up of five lanes, one of which is controlled by a moveable barrier that allows for better traffic flow during rush hours. In the morning, the lane is moved to create three lanes going north-bound towards downtown San Diego, and in the evening it is moved again to create three lanes going south-bound towards Coronado. [14]

Climate

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Coronado has a semi-arid climate, abbreviated "BSk" on climate maps. [15]

Demographics

Historical population
CensusPop.
1860 276
1870 229−17.0%
1900 935
1910 1,47758.0%
1920 3,289122.7%
1930 5,42564.9%
1940 6,93227.8%
1950 12,70083.2%
1960 18,03942.0%
1970 20,02011.0%
1980 18,790−6.1%
1990 26,54041.2%
2000 24,100−9.2%
2010 18,912−21.5%
Est. 201821,390 [7] 13.1%
U.S. Decennial Census [16]
Coronado bridge Coronadobridge.jpg
Coronado bridge
Coronado beach 2009 Coronadobeach2009.jpg
Coronado beach 2009

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that the City of Coronado had a population of 24,697. The racial makeup of Coronado was 20,074 (81.2%) White, 1,678 (6.8%) African American, 201 (0.8%) Native American, 925 (3.7%) Asian, 101 (0.4%) Pacific Islander, 762 (3.1%) from other races, and 956 (3.9%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3,354 persons (13.6%). [5] [6]

2000

As of the 2000 census, [17] there were 24,100 people, 7,734 households, and 4,934 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,121.9 inhabitants per square mile (1,205.3/km²). There were 9,494 housing units at an average density of 1,229.8 per square mile (474.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.40% White, 5.15% African American, 0.66% Native American, 3.72% Asian, 0.30% Pacific Islander, 3.14% from other races, and 2.63% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.83% of the population.

There were 7,734 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.0% were married couples living together, 7.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were non-families. 30.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.27 and the average family size was 2.84.

In the city, the population was spread out with 16.0% under the age of 18, 20.2% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 18.7% from 45 to 64, and 15.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 139.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 149.1 males.

48.2% of those age 25 and over have a bachelor's degree or higher. According to a 2007 estimate, the median income for a household in the city is $91,748, [18] and the median income for a family is $119,205. [19]

Real estate in the city of Coronado is very expensive. According to a recent county-wide zip code chart published in The San Diego Union-Tribune in August 2006, the median cost of a single-family home within the city's zip code of 92118 was $1,605,000. In 2010, Forbes.com found that the median home price in Coronado had risen to $1,840,665. [20]

Government and politics

Coronado is governed by a city council, which is presided over by a directly-elected mayor. The mayor and councilmembers serve 4-year terms. Council designates one of its members as Mayor Pro Tempore. [21]

Coronado has long been a Republican stronghold; in 2013, about 47% of voters were registered Republican, 25% Democratic, and 24% nonpartisan. [22]

The resort city has voted for the Republican nominee in each presidential election since at least 1964. From 1968-1988, all six Republican presidential candidates received over 70% of the vote each. However the city has been trending Democratic in recent years, with each of the last three Republican candidates receiving less than 60% of the vote. In 2016, Donald Trump won Coronado with a plurality of the vote, and Hillary Clinton received the largest share of the vote for a Democratic candidate since at least 1964. [23]

In the California State Legislature, Coronado is in the 39th Senate District , represented by Democrat Toni Atkins, and in the 78th Assembly District , represented by Democrat Todd Gloria. [24] In the United States House of Representatives, Coronado is located in California's 52nd congressional district, which has a Cook partisan voting index of D+2 [25] and is represented by Democrat Scott Peters. [26]

Coronado city vote
by party in presidential elections
Year Democratic Republican Third Parties
2016 [23] 45.90% 4,02448.06%4,2136.05% 530
2012 [27] 39.04% 3,45559.10%5,2301.85% 164
2008 [28] 41.73% 3,85556.94%5,2601.33% 123
2004 [29] 36.26% 3,32662.93%5,7730.81% 74
2000 [30] 32.39% 2,82363.74%5,5563.87% 337
1996 [31] 31.16% 2,65461.02%5,1977.82% 666
1992 [32] 26.99% 2,51746.22%4,31026.78% 2,497
1988 [33] 27.21% 2,41371.71%6,3601.08% 96
1984 [34] 21.86% 1,78177.05%6,2781.09% 89
1980 [35] 18.09% 1,46871.47%5,79910.44% 847
1976 [36] 27.87% 1,94170.31%4,8971.82% 127
1972 [37] 23.50% 1,39073.34%4,3383.16% 187
1968 [38] 24.27% 1,16270.41%3,3715.33% 255
1964 [39] 36.86% 1,72563.14%2,955

Tourism

The Coronado Ferry Landing Coronado Ferry Landing.jpg
The Coronado Ferry Landing

Tourism is an essential component of Coronado's economy. [40] This city is home to three major resorts (Hotel del Coronado, Coronado Island Marriott and Loews Coronado Bay Resort) as well as several other hotels and inns. [41] The downtown district along Orange Avenue with its many shops, restaurants and theaters is also a key part of the local economy. Many of the restaurants are highly rated and provide a wide variety of cuisine choices. [41]

In 2008, the Travel Channel rated Coronado Beach as the sixth best beach in America. [42]

Hotel del Coronado

Hotel del Coronado from the beach. Hotel del Coronado 01.jpg
Hotel del Coronado from the beach.

Coronado is home to the famous Hotel del Coronado, built in 1888 and long considered one of the world's top resorts[ citation needed ]. It is listed as a National Historic Landmark and has hosted many notable guests, including the American presidents George H. W. Bush, Jimmy Carter, Bill Clinton, Gerald Ford, Lyndon B. Johnson, Richard Nixon, Ronald Reagan, Franklin D. Roosevelt, and William Howard Taft, as well as Muhammad Ali, Jack Dempsey, Thomas Edison, Magic Johnson, Charles Lindbergh, Willie Mays, Babe Ruth, Oprah Winfrey, and Robert Downey.

Hotel del Coronado, 1885. VANDYKE1885 pg051 HOTEL 'DEL CORONA', CORONADO BEACH, SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA.jpg
Hotel del Coronado, 1885.

Famous actresses Mary Pickford and Marilyn Monroe also stayed there.

"The Del" has appeared in numerous works of popular culture and was supposedly the inspiration for the Emerald City in The Wonderful Wizard of Oz . It is rumoured that the city's main street, Orange Avenue, was Baum's inspiration for the yellow brick road. However, other sources say Oz was inspired by the "White City" of the Chicago World's Fair of 1893. [43] [44] Author L. Frank Baum would have been able to see the hotel from his front porch overlooking Star Park. Baum designed the crown chandeliers in the hotel's dining room. [45] Because of the reported association with Oz, Coronado is often associated with the color green and is sometimes referred to as "The Emerald City". The colors of Coronado High are green and white; the Coronado city flag is a tricolor of green-white-green with a crown in the middle; and a local surf/skate shop is named Emerald City. The hotel is said to be haunted, with room 3372 being visited by the ghost of Kate Morgan.

Once owned locally, [46] the Hotel Del is now owned by the Blackstone Group (60%), Strategic Hotels & Resorts Inc. (34.5%), and KSL Resorts (5.5%). When Strategic Hotels & Resorts Inc. bought its stake in 2006, the hotel was valued at $745 million; currently, the hotel is valued at roughly $590 million. [47]

Schools

Coronado Public Library Coronado Public Library 2018.jpg
Coronado Public Library

Coronado Unified School District includes Coronado Middle School (CMS), Coronado High School, Silver Strand Elementary, and Village Elementary. Coronado School of the Arts, a public school-within-a-school on the campus of Coronado High School, is also present on the island. Among the private schools are Sacred Heart Parish School and Christ Church Day School.

Economy

Top employers

Vice President Joe Biden speaks to Navy SEAL trainees, NAB Coronado, 2009 US Navy 090514-N-2959L-482 Vice President Joe Biden places a hand on the shoulder of one of the Basic Underwater Demolition-SEAL (BUD-S) candidates.jpg
Vice President Joe Biden speaks to Navy SEAL trainees, NAB Coronado, 2009

According to the City's 2012 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report, [48] the top 10 employers in the city are:

#Employer# of Employees
1 United States Navy (Naval Air Station North Island, et al.)11,000–14,999
2 Hotel del Coronado 1,000–4,999
3 Loews Coronado Bay Resort 500–999
4 Sharp Coronado Hospital 500–999
5City of Coronado250–499
6 Coronado Unified School District 250–600
7 Coronado Island Marriott Resort 250–499
8 BAE Systems 100–249
9 Peohe's 100–249
10Realty Executives Dillon50–99

Notable people

Tina Weymouth of Talking Heads, 1978 Tina Weymouth of Talking Heads.jpg
Tina Weymouth of Talking Heads, 1978

Film and television

Music

Commerce

Military

Army

Marine Corps

Politics and government

L. Frank Baum, circa 1901 L frank baum.jpg
L. Frank Baum, circa 1901

Sports

Writers and poets

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