John Barry (composer)

Last updated

John Barry
OBE
John-barry-2006.jpg
John Barry at the Royal Albert Hall, London, September 2006
Background information
Birth nameJohn Barry Prendergast
Born(1933-11-03)3 November 1933
York, Yorkshire, England
Died30 January 2011(2011-01-30) (aged 77)
Oyster Bay, New York, U.S.
Genres Film score
Occupation(s)Composer, conductor
Instruments
  • Keyboards
  • drums
  • trumpet
  • harmonica
Years active1959–2006

John Barry Prendergast, OBE (3 November 1933 – 30 January 2011) [1] [2] was an English composer and conductor of film music. He composed the scores for 11 of the James Bond films between 1963 and 1987, and also arranged and performed the "James Bond Theme" to the first film in the series, 1962's Dr. No . He wrote the Grammy- and Academy Award-winning scores to the films Dances with Wolves and Out of Africa , as well as The Scarlet Letter , The Cotton Club , The Tamarind Seed , Mary, Queen of Scots , Game of Death , and the theme for the British television cult series The Persuaders! , in a career spanning over 50 years. In 1999, he was appointed OBE for services to music.

Contents

Born in York, Barry spent his early years working in cinemas owned by his father. During his national service with the British Army in Cyprus, Barry began performing as a musician after learning to play the trumpet. Upon completing his national service, he formed his own band in 1957, The John Barry Seven. He later developed an interest in composing and arranging music, making his début for television in 1958. He came to the notice of the makers of the first James Bond film Dr. No , who were dissatisfied with a theme for James Bond given to them by Monty Norman. [3] Noel Rogers the head of music at United Arists approached Barry. [4] This started a successful association between Barry and Eon Productions that lasted for 25 years.

He received many awards for his work, including five Academy Awards; two for Born Free , and one each for The Lion in Winter (for which he also won the first BAFTA Award for Best Film Music), Dances with Wolves and Out of Africa (both of which also won him Grammy Awards). He also received ten Golden Globe Award nominations, winning once for Best Original Score for Out of Africa in 1986. Barry completed his last film score, Enigma, in 2001 and recorded the successful album Eternal Echoes the same year. He then concentrated chiefly on live performances and co-wrote the music to the musical Brighton Rock in 2004 alongside Don Black. In 2001, Barry became a Fellow of the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors, and, in 2005, he was made a Fellow of the British Academy of Film and Television Arts. Barry was married four times and had four children. He moved to the United States in 1975 and lived there until his death in 2011.

Biography

Early life and education

Barry was born John Barry Prendergast, in York, England, and was the son of an English mother and an Irish father. His mother was a classical pianist. His father, John Xavier "Jack" Prendergast, from Cork, was a projectionist during the silent film era, who later owned a chain of cinemas across northern England. [5] [6] [7] As a result of his father's work, Barry was raised in and around cinemas in northern England [5] and he later stated that this childhood background influenced his musical tastes and interests. [6] Barry was educated at St Peter's School, York, and also received composition lessons from Francis Jackson, Organist of York Minster. [6]

Career

Serving in the British Army, Barry spent his national service playing the trumpet, taking a correspondence course (with jazz composer Bill Russo). [8] Barry after national service worked as an arranger for the Jack Parnell and Ted Heath's Orchestra, [9] forming his own band in 1957, the John Barry Seven, [10] The John Barry Seven scored hit records on the EMI's Columbia label. These included "Hit and Miss", the theme tune he composed for the BBC's Juke Box Jury programme, a cover of the Johnny Smith song "Walk Don't Run", and a cover of the theme for the United Artists western The Magnificent Seven .

By 1959 Barry was gaining commissions to arrange music for other acts, starting with a young trio on Decca, coincidentally called the Three Barry Sisters, though unrelated both to Barry and the more famous Barry Sisters duo in America. [11] The career breakthrough for Barry was the BBC television series Drumbeat , when he appeared with the John Barry Seven. He was employed by EMI from 1959 until 1962 arranging orchestral accompaniments for the company's singers, including Adam Faith. [12] He also composed songs (along with Les Vandyke) and scores for films in which Faith was featured. When Faith made his first film, Beat Girl (1960), Barry composed, arranged and conducted the film score, his first. His music was later released as the UK's first soundtrack album. [13]

Barry also composed the music for another Faith film, Never Let Go (also 1960), orchestrated the score for Mix Me a Person (1962), and composed, arranged and conducted the score for The Amorous Prawn (also 1962). In 1962, Barry transferred to Ember Records, where he produced and arranged albums. [14]

These achievements caught the attention of the producers of a new film called Dr. No (1962) who were dissatisfied with a theme for James Bond given to them by Monty Norman. Barry was hired and the result was one of the most famous signature tunes in film history, the "James Bond Theme". (Credit goes to Monty Norman, see here.) When the producers of the Bond series engaged Lionel Bart to score the next James Bond film From Russia with Love (1963), they discovered that Bart could neither read nor write music. Though Bart wrote a title song for the film, the producers remembered Barry's arrangement of the James Bond Theme and his composing and arranging for several films with Adam Faith. Lionel Bart also recommended Barry to producer Stanley Baker for his 1964 film Zulu . [15] That same year Bart and Barry collaborated on the film Man in the Middle ; and then, in 1965, Barry worked with director Bryan Forbes in scoring the World War II prison-camp drama King Rat .

This was the turning point for Barry, and he subsequently won five Academy Awards and four Grammy Awards, with scores for, among others, Born Free (1966), The Lion in Winter (1968), Midnight Cowboy (1969) for which he did not receive an on-screen credit, and Somewhere in Time (1980). [16] [2]

Barry was often cited as having had a distinct style which concentrated on lush strings and extensive use of brass. However he was also an innovator, being one of the first to employ synthesizers in a film score ( On Her Majesty's Secret Service , also 1969), [17] and to make wide use of pop artists and songs in Midnight Cowboy. [18] Because Barry provided not just the main title theme but the complete soundtrack score, his music often enhanced the critical reception of a film, notably in Midnight Cowboy, The Tamarind Seed (1974), the first remake of King Kong (1976), Out of Africa (1985), and Dances with Wolves (1990). Barry would often watch films and would note down with pen and paper what worked or what did not. [7]

Barry composed the theme for the TV series The Persuaders! (1971), also known as The Unlucky Heroes, in which Tony Curtis and Roger Moore were paired as rich playboys solving crimes. [19] The instrumental recording features the Cimbalom (which Barry also used for The Ipcress File (1965) and other themes) and Moog synthesizers. The theme was a hit single in many European countries (including France, Germany, and the Benelux states), contributing to the cult status of the series in Europe, and the record featured Barry's The Girl with the Sun in Her Hair on the B side, an instrumental piece featured in a long running TV advert for Sunsilk shampoo. Barry also wrote the scores to a number of musicals, including the 1965 Passion Flower Hotel (lyrics by Trevor Peacock), the successful 1974 West End show Billy (lyrics by Don Black), [20] and two major Broadway flops, Lolita, My Love (1971), with Alan Jay Lerner as lyricist, and The Little Prince and the Aviator (1981), again with lyricist Don Black. Barry also composed the soundtrack for the Bruce Lee film Game of Death (1978).

In 2001, the University of York conferred an honorary degree on Barry, and in 2002 he was named an Honorary Freeman of the City of York. [21] [22]

During 2006, Barry was the executive producer on an album entitled Here's to the Heroes by the Australian ensemble The Ten Tenors. The album features a number of songs Barry wrote in collaboration with his lyricist friend, Don Black. Barry and Black also composed one of the songs on Shirley Bassey's 2009 album, The Performance. The song, entitled "Our Time Is Now", is the first written by the duo for Bassey since "Diamonds Are Forever". [23]

James Bond series

After the success of Dr. No, Barry was hired to compose and perform eleven of the next fourteen James Bond films, while (Monty Norman was never offered another James Bond film. Norman is legally recognised as the composer of the "James Bond Theme"). [24]

In his tenure with the film series, Barry's music, variously brassy and moody, achieved very wide appeal. For From Russia with Love he composed "007", an alternative James Bond signature theme, which is featured in four other Bond films (Thunderball, You Only Live Twice, Diamonds Are Forever and Moonraker). The theme "Stalking", for the teaser sequence of From Russia with Love, was covered by colleague Marvin Hamlisch for The Spy Who Loved Me (1977). (The music and lyrics for From Russia with Love's title song were written by Lionel Bart, whose musical theatre credits included Oliver!) Barry also contributed indirectly to the soundtrack of the spoof version of Casino Royale (1967): his Born Free theme appears briefly in the opening sequence.

In Goldfinger (1964), he perfected the "Bond sound", a heady mixture of brass, jazz elements and sensuous melodies. There is even an element of Barry's jazz roots in the big-band track "Into Miami", which follows the title credits and accompanies the film's iconic image of the camera lens zooming toward the Fontainebleau Hotel in Miami Beach. Jimmy Page was working as a session guitarist at the time, and was a part of the recording sessions for the "Goldfinger" soundtrack. [25] For Bond films, session musicians such as Page were relegated to the instrumental/score versions of songs, while the main musicians (on Goldfinger such as Vic Flick) were given the main film theme song to record. [26] Thus, Flick is heard as lead guitarist on the main theme, leaving Page as a background acoustic contributor to Flick on the instrumental version of the song.

Barry's love for the Russian romantic composers is often reflected in his music; in his Bond scores he unites this with brass-heavy jazz writing. His use of strings, lyricism, half-diminished chords, and complex key shifting provides melancholy contrast - in his scores this is often heard in variations of the title songs that are used to underscore plot development. [27]

As Barry matured, the Bond scores became more lushly melodic (along with other scores of his such as The Tamarind Seed and Out of Africa ) as in Moonraker (1979) and Octopussy (1983). Barry's score for A View to a Kill was traditional, but his collaboration with Duran Duran for the title song was contemporary and reached number one in the United States and number two in the UK Singles Chart. Both A View to a Kill and The Living Daylights theme by A-ha blended the pop music style of the bands with Barry's orchestration. In 2006, A-ha ‘s Pal Waaktaar complimented Barry's contributions: "I loved the stuff he added to the track, I mean it gave it this really cool string arrangement. That's when for me it started to sound like a Bond thing." [28]

Barry's last score for the Bond series was The Living Daylights (1987), Timothy Dalton's first film in the series with Barry making a cameo appearance as a conductor in the film. [29] Barry was intended to score Licence to Kill (1989) but was recovering from throat surgery at the time and it was considered unsafe to fly him to London to complete the score. The score was completed by Michael Kamen. [30]

David Arnold, a British composer, saw the result of two years' work in 1997 with the release of Shaken and Stirred: The David Arnold James Bond Project, an album of new versions of the themes from various James Bond films. Arnold thanks Barry in the sleeve notes, referring to him as "the Guvnor". Almost all of the tracks were John Barry compositions, and the revision of his work met with his approval – he contacted Barbara Broccoli, producer of the then upcoming Tomorrow Never Dies , to recommend Arnold as the film's composer. [31] Arnold also went on to score four subsequent Bond films: The World Is Not Enough , Die Another Day , Casino Royale and Quantum of Solace .

Sole compositional credit for the "James Bond Theme" is assigned to Monty Norman, who was contracted as composer for Dr. No. Nearly 40 years later, in 2001, the disputed authorship of the theme was examined legally in the High Court in London after Norman sued The Sunday Times for libel for publishing an article in 1997 in which Barry was named as the true composer; Barry testified for the defence. [32] [33]

In court, Barry testified that he had been handed a musical manuscript of a work by Norman (meant to become the theme) and that he was to arrange it musically, and that he composed additional music and arranged the "James Bond Theme". The court was also told that Norman received sole credit because of his prior contract with the producers. Barry said that a deal was struck whereby he would receive a flat fee of £250 and Norman would receive the songwriting credit. [34] Barry said that he had accepted the deal with United Artists Head of Music Noel Rogers because it would help his career. Despite these claims the jury ruled unanimously in favour of Norman. [34]

On 7 September 2006, John Barry publicly defended his authorship of the theme on the Steve Wright show on BBC Radio 2. [35]

Personal life and death

Barry was married four times. His first three marriages, to Barbara Pickard (1959–63), Jane Birkin (1965–68), and Jane Sidey (1969–78) all ended in divorce. [9] He was married to his fourth wife, Laurie, from January 1978 [9] until his death. The couple had a son, Jonpatrick. Barry had three daughters, Suzanne (Susie) with his first wife, Barbara, Kate with his second wife, Jane, and Sian from a relationship with Ulla Larson between the first two marriages. [6] Suzy Barry, who is married to BBC business journalist Simon Jack, is the mother of his two granddaughters, Phoebe and Florence Ingleby.

In 1975 Barry moved to California. A British judge later accused him of emigrating to avoid paying £134,000 due the Inland Revenue. [9] The matter was resolved in the late 1980s and Barry was able to return to the UK. [9] He subsequently lived for many years in the United States, mainly in Oyster Bay, New York, in Centre Island on Long Island, from 1980. [6] [36]

Barry suffered a rupture of the esophagus in 1988, following a toxic reaction to a health tonic he had consumed. The incident rendered him unable to work for two years and left him vulnerable to pneumonia. [37]

Barry died of a heart attack on 30 January 2011 at his Oyster Bay home, aged 77. [38] [39]

A memorial concert took place on 20 June 2011 at the Royal Albert Hall in London where the Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, Shirley Bassey, Rumer, David Arnold, Wynne Evans and others performed Barry's music. [40] Sir George Martin, Sir Michael Parkinson, Don Black, Timothy Dalton and others also contributed to the celebration of his life and work. [38] [40] [41] The event was sponsored by the Royal College of Music through a grant by the Broccoli Foundation. [42]

Awards and nominations

In 1999 Barry was made an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) for services to music. He received the BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award in 2005. [41] [43] In 2005, the American Film Institute ranked Barry's score for Out of Africa No. 15 on their list of the greatest film scores. [44] His scores for the following films were also nominated:

Accolades

AwardYearProjectCategoryOutcome
Academy Awards 1966 Born Free Best Original Score Won
"Born Free" (from Born Free ) Best Original Song Won
1968 The Lion in Winter Best Original Score for a Motion Picture (not a Musical) Won
1971 Mary, Queen of Scots Best Original Dramatic Score Nominated
1985 Out of Africa Best Original Score Won
1990 Dances with Wolves Best Original Score Won
1992 Chaplin Best Original Score Nominated
BAFTA Awards 1968 The Lion in Winter Anthony Asquith Award for Film MusicWon
1986 Out of Africa Best Score [45] Nominated
1991 Dances with Wolves Best Original Film Score [46] Nominated
2005 BAFTA Academy Fellowship Award [47] Won
Golden Globe Awards 1966 "Born Free" (from Born Free ) Best Original Song Nominated
1968 The Lion in Winter Best Original Score Nominated
1971 Mary, Queen of Scots Best Original Score Nominated
1974 "Sail the Summer Winds" (from The Dove ) Best Original Song Nominated
1977 "Down Deep Inside" (from The Deep ) Best Original Song Nominated
1981 Somewhere in Time Best Original Score Nominated
1985 Out of Africa Best Original Score Won
"A View to a Kill" (from A View to a Kill ) Best Original Song Nominated
1990 Dances with Wolves Best Original Score Nominated
1992 Chaplin Best Original Score Nominated

Grammy Award

Emmy Award nominations

Golden Raspberry Award

Max Steiner Lifetime Achievement Award (presented by the City of Vienna)

Lifetime Achievement Award from World Soundtrack Academy (presented at the Ghent Film Festival)

In 2011, he received the Brit Award for Outstanding Contribution to Music.

Barry was inducted into the Songwriters Hall of Fame in 1998. [24]

Filmography

Bond films

Barry worked on the soundtracks for the following James Bond films (title song collaborators in brackets):

In addition, a brief excerpt from the song "Born Free" is heard during a sequence in the non-EON Productions Bond film, Casino Royale (1967).

Other film scores

Television film scores

Television themes

Musicals

Other works

Singles

(Excludes co-composed hits, e.g. Duran Duran's A View to a Kill )

His four highest-charting hits all spent more than 10 weeks in the UK top 50.

See also

Related Research Articles

David Arnold English film composer

David Arnold is an English film composer best known for scoring five James Bond films, as well as Stargate (1994), Independence Day (1996), Godzilla (1998) and the television series Little Britain and Sherlock. For Independence Day he received a Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Composition Written for a Motion Picture or for Television and for Sherlock he, and co-composer Michael Price, won a Creative Arts Emmy for the score of "His Last Vow", the final episode in the third series. Arnold scored the BBC / Amazon Prime series Good Omens (2019) adapted by Neil Gaiman from his book Good Omens, written with Terry Pratchett. Arnold is a fellow of the British Academy of Songwriters, Composers and Authors.

Monty Norman is a singer and film composer best known for composing the "James Bond Theme".

The James Bond film series from Eon Productions features numerous musical compositions since its inception in 1962, many of which are now considered classic pieces of British film music. The best known of these pieces is the ubiquitous "James Bond Theme". Other instrumentals, such as the "007 Theme" or "On Her Majesty's Secret Service", and various songs, such as Shirley Bassey's "Goldfinger", Paul McCartney's "Live and Let Die", Carly Simon's "Nobody Does It Better", Sheena Easton's "For Your Eyes Only", Duran Duran's "A View to a Kill" and Tina Turner's "Goldeneye" also become identified with the series. Two Bond songs have won the Academy Award for Best Original Song: "Skyfall" by Adele and "Writing's on the Wall" by Sam Smith, with the latter also becoming the first Bond theme to reach number one on the U.K. music charts.

James Bond Theme Main theme music of the James Bond films

The "James Bond Theme" is the main signature theme music of the James Bond films and has featured in every Eon Productions Bond film since Dr. No, released in 1962. The piece has been used as an accompanying fanfare to the gun barrel sequence in almost every James Bond film.

Don Black (lyricist) English lyricist

Don Black, is an English lyricist. His works have included numerous musicals, movie, television themes and hit songs. He has provided lyrics for John Barry, Charles Strouse, Andrew Lloyd Webber, Quincy Jones, Hoyt Curtin, Lulu, Jule Styne, Henry Mancini, Meat Loaf, Michael Jackson, Elmer Bernstein, Michel Legrand, Hayley Westenra, A. R. Rahman, Marvin Hamlisch and Debbie Wiseman.

<i>Thunderball</i> (soundtrack) 1965 soundtrack album by John Barry

Thunderball is the soundtrack album for the fourth James Bond film Thunderball.

Charles Ira Fox is an American composer for film and television. His most heard compositions are probably the "love themes" ; the theme song for the late 1970s ABC series The Love Boat; and the dramatic theme music to ABC's Wide World of Sports and the original Monday Night Football; as well as his Grammy-winning hit song "Killing Me Softly With His Song".

<i>The Spy Who Loved Me</i> (soundtrack) 1977 soundtrack album by Marvin Hamlisch

The Spy Who Loved Me is the soundtrack for the tenth James Bond The Spy Who Loved Me. The soundtrack is one of only two Bond soundtracks to be nominated for the Academy Award for Best Original Score. The other score nominated was Skyfall (2012).

John Scott, also known as Johnny Scott and Patrick John Scott, is an English film composer and music conductor. Scott has collaborated with well-known directors and producers, including Mark Damon, Richard Donner, Charlton Heston, Mike Hodges, Hugh Hudson, Norman Jewison, Irvin Kershner, Ilaiyaraaja, Daniel Petrie, Roger Spottiswoode, and Norman J. Warren, among others.

Goldfinger (Shirley Bassey song) theme song of the James Bond film

"Goldfinger" is the title song from the 1964 James Bond film Goldfinger. Composed by John Barry and with lyrics by Leslie Bricusse and Anthony Newley, the song was performed by Shirley Bassey for the film's opening and closing title sequences, as well as the soundtrack album release. The single release of the song gave Bassey her only Billboard Hot 100 top forty hit, peaking in the Top 10 at No. 8 and No. 2 for four weeks on the Adult Contemporary chart, and in the United Kingdom the single reached No. 21.

<i>For Your Eyes Only</i> (soundtrack) 1981 soundtrack album by Bill Conti

For Your Eyes Only is the soundtrack for the 12th James Bond film of the same name.

<i>Live and Let Die</i> (soundtrack) 1973 soundtrack album by George Martin

Live and Let Die is the soundtrack to the eighth James Bond film of the same name. It was scored by George Martin. The title song was written by Paul and Linda McCartney and performed by Paul McCartney and Wings.

<i>Tomorrow Never Dies</i> (soundtrack) 1997 soundtrack album by David Arnold

Tomorrow Never Dies: Music from the Motion Picture is the soundtrack of the 18th James Bond film of the same name.

<i>The Man with the Golden Gun</i> (soundtrack) 1974 soundtrack album by John Barry

The Man with the Golden Gun is the soundtrack for the ninth James Bond film of the same name.

<i>Dr. No</i> (soundtrack) 1963 film score by Monty Norman / John Barry

Dr. No is the original soundtrack for the first James Bond film of the same name.

<i>From Russia with Love</i> (soundtrack) 1963 soundtrack album by John Barry

From Russia with Love is the soundtrack for the second James Bond film of the same name. This is the first series film with John Barry as the primary soundtrack composer.

<i>Goldfinger</i> (soundtrack) 1964 soundtrack album by John Barry

Goldfinger is the soundtrack for the 1964 film of the same name, the third film in the James Bond film series, directed by Guy Hamilton. The album was composed by John Barry and distributed by EMI. Two versions were released initially, one in the United States and the United Kingdom, which varied in terms of length and which tracks were within the soundtrack. In 2003, Capitol-EMI records released a remastered version that contained all the tracks within the film.

<i>On Her Majestys Secret Service</i> (soundtrack) 1969 soundtrack album by John Barry

On Her Majesty's Secret Service ("OHMSS") is the soundtrack for the sixth James Bond film of the same name.

John Altman (composer) composer

John Altman is an English film composer, music arranger, orchestrator and conductor.

<i>Spectre: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack</i> 2015 soundtrack album by Thomas Newman

Spectre: Original Motion Picture Soundtrack is the soundtrack album to the 24th James Bond film of the same name. Released by Universal Music Classics on 23 October 2015 in the United Kingdom and on 6 November 2015 in the United States, the music was composed by Thomas Newman, who previously composed the soundtrack of the 23rd Bond film Skyfall, making him the third composer after John Barry and David Arnold to score more than one film in the series. The film's theme song "Writing's on the Wall" performed by Sam Smith is the fourth theme song that doesn't feature the title of its film in the lyrics. It is also the third song after "You Know My Name" (2006) and "Skyfall" (2012) that did not appear on the film's official soundtrack album.

References

  1. The Sunday Times Magazine (London). 18 December 2011. p. 64.
  2. 1 2 "'James Bond Theme' composer John Barry dies of heart attack". One India. 1 February 2010. Archived from the original on 18 February 2013. Retrieved 1 February 2010.
  3. "The John Barry Resource: Monty Norman's "James Bond Theme" Lawsuit". www.jollinger.com. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  4. Tweedie, Neil (20 March 2001). "£30,000 damages for composer of 007 theme tune". The Telegraph. Retrieved 13 April 2020.
  5. 1 2 "Film composer Barry dies aged 77". The Irish Times . Dublin. 31 January 2011. Retrieved 3 February 2020.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 Sweeting, Adam (31 January 2011). "John Barry Obituary". The Guardian . London. Retrieved 3 February 2011. WebCitation archive.
  7. 1 2 Hastings, Sheena (31 January 2011). "John Barry Obituary". Yorkshire Post . Leeds. Retrieved 3 February 2011.
  8. "John Barry: 15 facts about the great composer". Classic FM. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 "John Barry". The Daily Telegraph . London. 31 January 2010.. WebCitation archive.
  10. "John Barry The Gstaad Memorandum". Film score monthly. November 1996. Archived from the original on 17 October 2006. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  11. Pete Frame The restless generation: how rock music changed the face of 1950s Britain 0952954079 2007 - Page 414 "Meanwhile, Barry was winning commissions to arrange music for other acts, starting with a young trio on Decca, the unrelated (to him) Barry Sisters. Together, they cut two singles, Tall Paul and Jo Jo The Dog-faced Boy, which had been consecutive American hits for Annette Funicello. Neither excited retail interest - and nor did any of the three singles he made with Larry Page"
  12. "John Barry: 15 facts about the great composer". Classic FM. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  13. Firth, Simon Music for Pleasure: Essays in the Sociology of Pop' Routledge, 1988, p.147
  14. Cody, Joshua (3 November 1933). "The Ensemble Sospeso – John Barry". Sospeso.com. Archived from the original on 16 July 2011. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
  15. Hall, Dr Sheldon Zulu: With Some Guts Behind It: The Making of the Epic Movie 2005 Tomahawk Press
  16. "Midnight Cowboy (1969)". IMDb.com. Retrieved 14 March 2014.
  17. "John Barry: On Her Majesty's Secret Service". Classic FM. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  18. "John Barry: 15 facts about the great composer". Classic FM. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  19. "John Barry: 15 facts about the great composer". Classic FM. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  20. "John Barry: 15 facts about the great composer". Classic FM. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  21. "University of York to award nine honorary degrees". University of York. 21 June 2001. Archived from the original on 5 October 2012. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  22. "Movie music legend John Barry dies aged 77". Mirror.co.uk. 1 February 2010.
  23. Shepherd, Fiona. "Album review: Dame Shirley Bassey". The Scotsman 2 November 2009. WebCitation archive.
  24. 1 2 3 "John Barry". The Daily Telegraph. London. 31 January 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  25. Reiff, Corbin; Stone, Rolling (29 November 2015). "Jimmy Page Before Led Zeppelin: 20 Great Session Songs". Rolling Stone . Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  26. Barry, John in Burlingame, Jon. (2014) The Music of James Bond, Reprint Edition, Oxford University Press
  27. Madden, Karl. "The Melancholy Touch: Romantic Shades of John Barry's Bond" Archived 16 December 2013 at the Wayback Machine in James Bond in World and Popular Culture: The Films Are Not Enough. Eds. Robert G. Weiner, B. Lynn Whitfield, and Jack Becker. Newcastle: Cambridge Scholars, 1st Edition 2010, 116126, 2nd Edition 2011, 121131. Print.
  28. Waaktaar, Pal (interviewee) (2006). James Bond's Greatest Hits (Television). UK: North One Television.
  29. "John Barry: 15 facts about the great composer". Classic FM. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  30. "John Barry – The Man with the Midas Touch". Johnbarry.org.uk. 1 February 2011. Archived from the original on 2 November 2011.
  31. Macnee, Patrick (Narrator). The Bond Sound: The Music of 007 (DVD (Documentary)).
  32. "Monty Norman v. The Sunday Times: The "James Bond Theme" Lawsuit". The John Barry Resource. Retrieved 24 November 2006.
  33. Tweedie, Neil. "£30,000 damages for composer of 007 theme tune", The Telegraph , 20 March 2001. WebCitation archive.
  34. 1 2 "Bond theme writer wins damages". BBC News. 1 February 2010.
  35. "John Barry on the Bond Theme". MI6-HQ.com. 9 September 2006. Retrieved 24 November 2006.
  36. "Centre Island - Long Island New York - Long Island Exchange". Longislandexchange.com. Retrieved 22 September 2014.
  37. "John Barry". Turner Classic Movies . Retrieved 31 January 2011.
  38. 1 2 Burlingame, Jon. "John Barry Dies at 77", Variety , 31 January 2011. WebCitation archive.
  39. Lovece, Frank. "John Barry, Oscar-winning Composer, Dies", Newsday , 31 January 2011
  40. 1 2 "Composer John Barry remembered at memorial concert". BBC. 21 June 2011. Retrieved 21 June 2011.
  41. 1 2 "Bond composer John Barry dies aged 77". BBC. 31 January 2011. Retrieved 2 February 2011.
  42. "John Barry: The Memorial Concert". MI6-HQ.com . Retrieved 15 April 2011.
  43. Fiegel, Eddi (29 November 2012). "John Barry: A Sixties Theme: From James Bond to Midnight Cowboy". Faber & Faber. Retrieved 13 April 2020 via Google Books.
  44. "John Barry: 15 facts about the great composer". Classic FM. Retrieved 21 June 2015.
  45. "Film Nominations 1986". BAFTA. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  46. "Film Nominations 1991". BAFTA. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  47. "Fellowship Award winners". BAFTA. Archived from the original on 25 May 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  48. 1 2 3 4 "Past Winners Search – John Barry". Grammy.com. 1 February 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  49. 1 2 "Primetime Emmy Award Database". Emmys.com. Retrieved 1 February 2011.
  50. Moriarty (5 November 2004). "AICN Animation Double-Header! Moriarty Interviews Brad Bird!!". Ain't It Cool News. Archived from the original on 18 July 2007. Retrieved 27 July 2013. Yeah. We worked on it for a little while, and I’m a huge fan of John Barry. But I kind of wanted him to go back to a style that he used in the past, and use that as kind of a starting place. I think he kind of felt like he’d already done that.

Further reading