John Carpenter

Last updated

John Carpenter
JohnCarpenter2010 (Cropped).jpg
Carpenter in 2010
Born
John Howard Carpenter

(1948-01-16) January 16, 1948 (age 71)
Residence Los Angeles, California, U.S.
NationalityAmerican
Other namesFrank Armitage
John T. Chance
Rip Haight
Martin Quatermass
The Horror Master
The Master of Horror
Alma mater Western Kentucky University
University of Southern California (dropped out)
Occupation
  • Film director
  • screenwriter
  • producer
  • editor
  • composer
  • musician
Years active1969–present
Known for
Home town Bowling Green, Kentucky, U.S.
Spouse(s)
Adrienne Barbeau
(m. 1979;div. 1984)

Sandy King
(m. 1990)
Children1
Musical career
Genres
Instruments
Labels Sacred Bones Records
Associated acts
Website www.theofficialjohncarpenter.com

John Howard Carpenter (born January 16, 1948) is an American filmmaker, screenwriter and composer. Although Carpenter has worked with various movie genres, he is associated most commonly with horror, action, and science fiction films of the 1970s and 1980s. [1]

Screenwriter writer who writes for TV, films, comics and games

A screenplay writer, scriptwriter or scenarist is a writer who practices the craft of screenwriting, writing screenplays on which mass media, such as films, television programs and video games, are based.

Composer person who creates music, either by musical notation or oral tradition

A composer is a musician who is an author of music in any form, including vocal music, instrumental music, electronic music, and music which combines multiple forms. A composer may create music in any music genre, including, for example, classical music, musical theatre, blues, folk music, jazz, and popular music. Composers often express their works in a written musical score using musical notation.

Horror film Film genre

A horror film is a film that seeks to elicit fear for entertainment purposes. Initially inspired by literature from authors like Edgar Allan Poe, Bram Stoker, and Mary Shelley, horror has existed as a film genre for more than a century. The macabre and the supernatural are frequent themes. Horror may also overlap with the fantasy, supernatural fiction, and thriller genres.

Contents

Most films of Carpenter's career were initially commercial and critical failures, with the notable exceptions of Halloween (1978), The Fog (1980), Escape from New York (1981), and Starman (1984). However, many of Carpenter's films from the 1970s and the 1980s have come to be considered as cult classics, and he has been acknowledged as an influential filmmaker. The cult classics that Carpenter has directed include Dark Star (1974), Assault on Precinct 13 (1976), The Thing (1982), Christine (1983), Big Trouble in Little China (1986), Prince of Darkness (1987), They Live (1988), and In the Mouth of Madness (1995). He returned to the Halloween franchise as both composer and executive producer for the horror sequel Halloween (2018).

<i>Halloween</i> (1978 film) 1978 film by John Carpenter

Halloween is a 1978 American independent slasher film directed and scored by John Carpenter, co-written with producer Debra Hill, and starring Donald Pleasence and Jamie Lee Curtis in her film debut. The film tells the story of serial killer Michael Myers as he stalks and kills teenage babysitters on Halloween night, fifteen years after he murdered his teenage sister, Judith Myers. After escaping a sanitarium, he returns home to the sleepy town of Haddonfield, Illinois while being pursued by his psychiatrist Samuel Loomis. Michael stalks high school student Laurie Strode and her friends as they babysit and carries out a horrific massacre. Dr. Loomis desperately seeks to find his patient to stop his rampage, before the carnage intensifies.

<i>The Fog</i> 1980 horror film directed by John Carpenter

The Fog is a 1980 American supernatural horror film directed by John Carpenter, who also co-wrote the screenplay and created the music for the film. It stars Adrienne Barbeau, Jamie Lee Curtis, Tom Atkins, Janet Leigh and Hal Holbrook. It tells the story of a strange, glowing fog that sweeps over a small coastal town in California, bringing with it the vengeful ghosts of mariners who were killed in a shipwreck there 100 years before.

<i>Escape from New York</i> 1981 film by John Carpenter

Escape from New York is a 1981 American post-apocalyptic science-fiction action film co-written, co-scored and directed by John Carpenter. The film is set in what was then the near-future year of 1997, in a crime-ridden United States that has converted Manhattan Island in New York City into the country's maximum security prison. When Air Force One is hijacked by terrorists and crashes into New York City, ex-soldier and federal prisoner Snake Plissken is given 24 hours to rescue the President of the United States.

Carpenter composed or co-composed most of his films' music. He won a Saturn Award for Best Music for the film Vampires (1998). Carpenter has released three studio albums, titled Lost Themes (2015), Lost Themes II (2016), and Anthology: Movie Themes 1974–1998 (2017).

The Saturn Award for Best Music is an award presented by the Academy of Science Fiction, Fantasy and Horror Films to the best music in film.

<i>Vampires</i> (film) 1998 American western-horror film directed by John Carpenter

Vampires is a 1998 American independent neo-western action horror film directed and scored by John Carpenter and starring James Woods. It was adapted from the novel Vampire$ by John Steakley.

<i>Lost Themes</i> 2015 studio album by John Carpenter

Lost Themes is the debut studio album by American film director and composer John Carpenter. It was released on February 3, 2015, through Sacred Bones Records. Carpenter created Lost Themes in collaboration with his son Cody Carpenter and his godson Daniel Davies. While Lost Themes is his first stand-alone album, Carpenter has composed numerous critically acclaimed soundtracks for films since the 1970s, including for the films Assault on Precinct 13, Halloween, and Escape from New York.

Early life

Carpenter was born January 16, 1948 in Carthage, New York, the son of Milton Jean (née Carter) and Howard Ralph Carpenter, a music professor. [2] He and his family relocated to Bowling Green, Kentucky during 1953. [3] He was interested in films from an early age, particularly the westerns of Howard Hawks and John Ford, as well as 1950s low-budget horror films, such as The Thing from Another World and high budget science fiction like Forbidden Planet [4] and began filming horror short films with 8 mm film even before starting high school. [5] He attended Western Kentucky University, where his father chaired the music department, then transferred to the University of Southern California's School of Cinematic Arts during 1968, but quit to make his first feature film. [6]

Carthage, New York Village in New York, United States

Carthage is a village located in the town of Wilna in Jefferson County, New York, United States. The population was 3,747 at the 2010 census. The village is named after the historic city of Carthage in Tunisia.

Bowling Green, Kentucky City in Kentucky, United States

Bowling Green is a home rule-class city and the county seat of Warren County, Kentucky, United States. As of 2017, its population of 67,067 made it the third most-populous city in the state after Louisville and Lexington; its metropolitan area had an estimated population of 165,732; and the combined statistical area it shares with Glasgow has an estimated population of 218,870.

Howard Hawks American film director, producer and screenwriter

Howard Winchester Hawks was an American film director, producer and screenwriter of the classic Hollywood era. Critic Leonard Maltin called him "the greatest American director who is not a household name."

Career

1960s: Student films and Academy Award

In a beginning film course at USC Cinema during 1969, Carpenter wrote and directed an 8-minute short film, Captain Voyeur . The film was rediscovered in the USC archives in 2011 and proved interesting because it revealed elements that would appear in his later film, Halloween (1978). [7]

Captain Voyeur (1969) was the first short film by director John Carpenter while a student at USC Cinema. The 8-minute film is about a bored computer worker who becomes fixated on a woman at work and follows her back to her home. The film remained in the USC's Hugh M. Hefner Moving Image Archive until 2011, when it was rediscovered by archivist Dino Everett. The film is notable because it includes several elements that would appear in Carpenter's later horror film, Halloween. Everett says that the similarities include a striking resemblance between the lead actresses.

The next year he collaborated with producer John Longenecker as co-writer, film editor, and music composer for The Resurrection of Broncho Billy (1970), which won an Academy Award for Best Live Action Short Film. The short film was enlarged to 35mm, sixty prints were made, and the film was released theatrically by Universal Studios for two years in the United States and Canada.

John Longenecker is an American film producer, Directors Guild of America member, screenwriter and cinematographer who produced the Academy Award-winning live action short film, The Resurrection of Broncho Billy (1970).

The Resurrection of Broncho Billy is a 1970 live action short Western film directed by James Rokos and starring Johnny Crawford. It won an Oscar for Best Short Subject.

1970s: From student films to theatrical releases

Carpenter's first major film as director, Dark Star (1974), was a science fiction comedy that he cowrote with Dan O'Bannon (who later went on to write Alien , borrowing freely from much of Dark Star). The film reportedly cost only $60,000 and was difficult to make as both Carpenter and O'Bannon completed the film by multitasking, with Carpenter doing the musical score as well as the writing, producing, and directing, while O'Bannon acted in the film and did the special effects (which caught the attention of George Lucas who hired him to work with the special effects for the film Star Wars ). Carpenter received praise for his ability to make low-budget films. [8]

Carpenter's next film was Assault on Precinct 13 (1976), a low-budget thriller influenced by the films of Howard Hawks, particularly Rio Bravo . As with Dark Star, Carpenter was responsible for many aspects of the film's creation. He not only wrote, directed, and scored it, but also edited the film using the pseudonym "John T. Chance" (the name of John Wayne's character in Rio Bravo). Carpenter has said that he considers Assault on Precinct 13 to have been his first real film because it was the first film that he filmed on a schedule. [9] The film was the first time Carpenter worked with Debra Hill, who played prominently in the making of some of Carpenter's most important films.

Carpenter assembled a main cast that consisted of experienced but relatively obscure actors. The two main actors were Austin Stoker, who had appeared previously in science fiction, disaster, and blaxploitation films, and Darwin Joston, who had worked primarily for television and had once been Carpenter's next-door neighbor. [10]

The film received a critical reassessment in the United States, where it is now generally regarded as one of the best exploitation films of the 1970s. [11]

Carpenter both wrote and directed the Lauren Hutton thriller Someone's Watching Me! . This television film is the tale of a single, working woman who, soon after arriving in L.A., discovers that she is being stalked.

Eyes of Laura Mars , a 1978 thriller featuring Faye Dunaway and Tommy Lee Jones and directed by Irvin Kershner, was adapted (in collaboration with David Zelag Goodman) from a spec script titled Eyes, written by John Carpenter, and would become Carpenter's first major studio film of his career.

Halloween (1978) was a commercial success and helped develop the slasher genre. Originally an idea suggested by producer Irwin Yablans (titled The Babysitter Murders), who thought of a film about babysitters being menaced by a stalker, Carpenter took the idea and another suggestion from Yablans that it occur during Halloween and developed a story. [12] Carpenter said of the basic concept: "Halloween night. It has never been the theme in a film. My idea was to do an old haunted house film." [13] The film was written by Carpenter and Debra Hill with Carpenter admitting that the music was inspired by both Dario Argento's Suspiria (which also influenced the film's slightly surreal color scheme) and William Friedkin's The Exorcist . [13]

Carpenter again worked with a relatively small budget, $300,000. [14] The film grossed more than $65 million initially, making it one of the most successful independent films of all time. [15]

Carpenter has described Halloween as: "True crass exploitation. I decided to make a film I would love to have seen as a kid, full of cheap tricks like a haunted house at a fair where you walk down the corridor and things jump out at you." [16] The film has often been cited[ by whom? ] as an allegory on the virtue of sexual purity and the danger of casual sex, although Carpenter has explained that this was not his intent: "It has been suggested that I was making some kind of moral statement. Believe me, I'm not. In Halloween, I viewed the characters as simply normal teenagers." [12]

In addition to the film's critical and commercial success, Carpenter's self-composed "Halloween Theme" became recognizable apart from the film. [17]

During 1979, John Carpenter began what was to be the first of several collaborations with actor Kurt Russell when he directed the television film Elvis .

1980s: Continued commercial success

Carpenter followed up the success of Halloween with The Fog (1980), a ghostly revenge tale (co-written by Hill) inspired by horror comics such as Tales from the Crypt [18] and by The Crawling Eye , a 1958 film about monsters hiding in clouds. [19]

Completing The Fog was an unusually difficult process for Carpenter. After viewing a rough cut of the film, he was dissatisfied with the result. For the only time in his filmmaking career, he had to devise a way to salvage a nearly finished film that did not meet his standards. In order to make the film more coherent and frightening, Carpenter filmed additional footage that included a number of new scenes.

Despite production problems and mostly negative critical reception, The Fog was another commercial success for Carpenter. The film was made on a budget of $1,000,000, [20] but it grossed over $21,000,000 in the United States alone. Carpenter has said that The Fog is not his favorite film, although he considers it a "minor horror classic". [19]

Carpenter immediately followed The Fog with the science-fiction adventure Escape from New York (1981). Featuring several actors that Carpenter had collaborated with (Donald Pleasence, Adrienne Barbeau, Tom Atkins, Charles Cyphers, and Frank Doubleday) or would collaborate with again (Kurt Russell and Harry Dean Stanton), as well as several notable actors (Lee Van Cleef and Ernest Borgnine), it became both commercially successful (grossing more than $25 million) and critically acclaimed (with an 85% on Rotten Tomatoes). [21]

His next film, The Thing (1982), is notable for its high production values, including innovative special effects by Rob Bottin, special visual effects by matte artist Albert Whitlock, a score by Ennio Morricone and a cast including young actor Kurt Russell and respected character actors such as Wilford Brimley, Richard Dysart, Charles Hallahan, Keith David, and Richard Masur. The Thing was distributed by Universal Pictures.

Although Carpenter's film used the same source material as the 1951 Howard Hawks film, The Thing from Another World , it is more faithful to the John W. Campbell, Jr. novella, Who Goes There? , upon which both films were based. Moreover, unlike the Hawks film, The Thing was part of what Carpenter later called his "Apocalypse Trilogy," a trio of films (The Thing, Prince of Darkness , and In the Mouth of Madness ) with bleak endings for the film's characters. Being a graphic, sinister horror film, [22] it did not appeal to audiences during the summer of 1982, especially when E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial , which presented a much more lighthearted and family-friendly depiction of alien visitation, was released two weeks prior. In an interview, Carpenter stated that E.T.'s release could have been largely responsible for the film's disappointment. [23] [24] [25] [26] As The Thing did not perform well commercially, it was Carpenter's first financial disappointment.

During filming of The Thing , Universal offered him the chance to direct Firestarter , based on the novel by Stephen King. Carpenter hired Bill Lancaster and Bill Phillips respectively to adapt the novel into different versions of the screenplay. Carpenter had intended Richard Dreyfuss as Andy McGee, but when The Thing was a financial disappointment, Universal replaced Carpenter with Mark L. Lester. [27] Carpenter's next film, Christine , was the 1983 adaptation of the Stephen King novel of the same name. The story concerns a high-school nerd named Arnie Cunningham (Keith Gordon) who buys a junked 1958 Plymouth Fury which turns out to have supernatural powers. As Cunningham restores and rebuilds the car, he becomes unnaturally obsessed with it, with deadly consequences. Christine did respectable business upon its release and was received well by critics; however, Carpenter has been quoted as saying he directed the film because it was the only thing offered to him at the time. [28]

Starman (1984) was produced by Michael Douglas, the script was well received by Columbia Pictures, which chose it in preference to the script for E.T. and prompted Steven Spielberg to go to Universal Pictures. Douglas chose Carpenter to be the director because of his reputation as an action director who could also convey strong emotion. [29] Starman was reviewed favorably by the Los Angeles Times , New York Times , and LA Weekly , and described by Carpenter as a film he envisioned as a romantic comedy similar to It Happened One Night only with a space alien. [30] [31] The film received Oscar and Golden Globe nominations for Jeff Bridges' portrayal of Starman and received a Golden Globe nomination for Best Musical Score for Jack Nitzsche. After the financial failure of his big-budget action–comedy Big Trouble in Little China (1986), Carpenter struggled to get films financed. He resumed making lower budget films such as Prince of Darkness (1987), a film influenced by the BBC series Quatermass . Although some of the films from this time, such as They Live (1988) did develop a cult audience, he never again realized mass-market potential.

Carpenter was also offered The Exorcist III during 1989, and met with writer William Peter Blatty (who also authored the novel on which it was based, Legion ) during the course of a week. However, the two disagreed about the film's climax and Carpenter refused the project. Blatty directed the film himself a year later. Carpenter said that although they argued about the ending, they had a mutual respect and talked about an interest they both shared: quantum physics. [32]

1990s: Commercial decline and Halloween H20: 20 Years Later

Carpenter's 1990s career is characterized by a number of notable failures: Memoirs of an Invisible Man (1992), Village of the Damned (1995), and Escape from L.A. (1996) are examples of films that were critical and financial failures. Also notable from this decade are Body Bags , a television horror anthology film that was made in collaboration with Tobe Hooper, In the Mouth of Madness (1995), yet another Lovecraftian homage, which did not do well either commercially or with critics [33] but now has a cult following, [34] and Vampires (1998), which featured James Woods as the leader of a band of vampire hunters in league with the Catholic Church.

Carpenter was originally in consideration to be the director for the Halloween (1978) sequel project, Halloween H20: 20 Years Later (1998). Since Jamie Lee Curtis, the main actress from the original and the sequel Halloween II (1981), wanted to reunite the cast and crew of the original film, she asked Carpenter to direct Halloween H20: 20 Years Later. Carpenter agreed to direct the film, but his starting fee as director was $10 million. Carpenter rationalized this by believing the hefty fee was compensation for revenue he had never received from the original Halloween, a matter that was still a contention between Carpenter and Halloween producer Moustapha Akkad even after twenty years. When Akkad balked at Carpenter's fee, Carpenter quit the project. Steve Miner assumed directing of Halloween H20: 20 Years Later, which was a success and received mixed reviews.

During 1998 Carpenter composed the soundtrack (titled "Earth/Air") for the video game Sentinel Returns , published for PC and PlayStation. [35]

2000s: Semi-retirement

Carpenter in September 2001 JohnCarpenter01.jpg
Carpenter in September 2001

In 2001, the film Ghosts of Mars was released. During 2005 there were remakes of Assault on Precinct 13 and The Fog, the latter being produced by Carpenter himself, though in an interview he defined his involvement as, "I come in and say hello to everybody. Go home."

During 2007 Rob Zombie produced and directed Halloween , a re-imagining of Carpenter's 1978 film that resulted in a sequel two years later.

Carpenter worked as director during 2005 for an episode of Showtime's Masters of Horror television series as one of the thirteen filmmakers involved in the first season. His episode, "Cigarette Burns", received generally positive reviews, and positive reactions from Carpenter fans, many of whom regard it as on par with his earlier horror classics. He has since contributed another original episode for the show's second season entitled "Pro-Life", about a young girl who is raped and impregnated by a demon and wants to have an abortion, but whose efforts are halted by her religious fanatic, gun-toting father and her three brothers.

2010s: The Ward, focus on music and return to Halloween

The Ward , Carpenter's first film since 2001's Ghosts of Mars , premiered at the Toronto International Film Festival on September 13, 2010. Carpenter narrated the video game F.E.A.R. 3, while also consulting on its storyline. [36] On October 10, 2010, Carpenter received the Lifetime Award from the Freak Show Horror Film Festival. [37] Test footage from the set of Darkchylde emerged in July 2010 [38] and on October 31, 2010, it was announced Carpenter will direct. [39] On February 3, 2015, the indie label Sacred Bones Records released his album Lost Themes . [40] On October 19, 2015, All Tomorrow's Parties announced that Carpenter will be performing old and new compositions in London and Manchester, England. [41]

In February 2016, Carpenter announced a sequel to Lost Themes titled Lost Themes II , which was released on April 15, 2016. [42] He then released his third studio album, titled Anthology: Movie Themes 1974–1998 on October 20, 2017. [43]

Carpenter acted as executive producer, co-composer, and creative consultant on a new film in the Halloween film series, titled Halloween , and released in October 2018. The film acts as a direct sequel to Carpenter's original film, ignoring the continuity of all other previous films. It was his first direct involvement with the franchise since 1982's Halloween III: Season of the Witch . [44]

Techniques

Carpenter's films are characterized by minimalist lighting and photography, static cameras, use of steadicam, and distinctive synthesized scores (usually self-composed).[ citation needed ]

With the exception of Someone's Watching Me!, Elvis, The Thing, Starman, Memoirs of an Invisible Man, and The Ward, he has scored all of his films (though some are collaborations), most famously the themes from Halloween and Assault on Precinct 13. His music is generally synthesized with accompaniment from piano and atmospherics.[ citation needed ]

Carpenter is an outspoken proponent of widescreen filming, and all of his theatrical films (with the exception of Dark Star and The Ward) were filmed anamorphic with a 2.35:1 or greater aspect ratio. The Ward was filmed in Super 35, the first time Carpenter has ever used that system. Carpenter has stated he feels that the 35mm Panavision anamorphic format is "the best movie system there is", preferring it to both digital and 3D film. [45]

Film music and solo records

Carpenter performing live in October 2016 John Carpenter Live 2016.jpg
Carpenter performing live in October 2016

For a recent interview, Carpenter stated that it was his father's work, as a music teacher, which first sparked an interest in him to make music. [46] This interest was to play a major role in his later career: he composed the music to most of his films, and the soundtrack to many of those became "cult" items for record collectors. A 21st-Century revival of his music is due in no small amount to the Death Waltz record company, which reissued several of his soundtracks, including Escape from New York , Halloween II , Halloween III: Season of the Witch , Assault on Precinct 13 , They Live , Prince of Darkness , and The Fog . [47]

Carpenter was an early adopter of synthesizers, since his film debut Dark Star , when he used a EMS VCS3 synth. His soundtracks went on to influence electronic artists who followed, [48] [49] but Carpenter himself admitted he had no particular interest in synthesizers other than that they provided a means to "sound big with just a keyboard". For many years he worked in partnership with musician Alan Howarth, who would realize his vision by working on the more technical aspects of recording, allowing Carpenter to focus on writing the music. [46]

The renewed interest in John Carpenter's music thanks to the Death Waltz reissues and Lost Themes albums caused him to, for the first time ever, tour as a musician. [50] As of 2016, Carpenter was more involved with his music career than filmmaking, although he was involved in 2018's Halloween reboot. [51]

Carpenter has also contributed an opening narration for the retro-1980s synthwave band Gunship, for their track entitled "Tech Noir." [52] The narration is in line with Carpenter's earlier work on apocalyptic themes.

Personal life

Carpenter with Bruce Robb (right) and son Cody Carpenter (middle) in 2005 John-Cody-Bruce.jpg
Carpenter with Bruce Robb (right) and son Cody Carpenter (middle) in 2005

Carpenter met his future wife, actress Adrienne Barbeau, on the set of his 1978 television film Someone's Watching Me!. Carpenter was married to Barbeau from January 1, 1979, to 1984. During their marriage, Barbeau starred in The Fog, and also appeared in Escape from New York. [53] The couple had one son, John Howard Jr. (born May 7, 1984), nicknamed "Cody" to avoid confusion with his father. [54]

Carpenter has been married to producer Sandy King since 1990. King produced Carpenter's later films In the Mouth of Madness, Village of the Damned, Vampires, and Ghosts of Mars. She earlier had been the script supervisor for his films Starman, Big Trouble in Little China, Prince of Darkness, and They Live. On They Live she was also associate producer. [55] She co-created the comic book series Asylum, with which Carpenter is involved. [56]

Carpenter appeared in an episode of Animal Planet's Animal Icons titled "It Came from Japan", where he discussed his love and admiration for the original Godzilla film.[ citation needed ]

Carpenter is also a known supporter of video games as a media and art form and has a particular liking for the Sonic the Hedgehog [57] and F.E.A.R. franchises, even offering himself as a spokesman and helping direct the cinematics for F.E.A.R. 3 . [58] He has also expressed an interest in making a film based on Dead Space . [59]

In 2005, Titan Productions announced a new title in development for next-generation consoles. Psychopath, a first-person action game, was being made in collaboration with Carpenter. Titan has not yet announced a publisher, platform, or release date for the thriller. The only details that Titan has released about the game's story is that it revolves around a former CIA operative who is forced back into duty to stop a serial killer. Titan's aim in the industry was to push projects through multiple forms of media. In conjunction with the game, a film version of Psychopath was also in the works. Carpenter was to direct the film and the game's cutscenes and character design. [60] [61] Since then, there has not been any further developments on the video game nor the film.

Carpenter is an atheist. [62] [63]

Legacy

Carpenter at a signing in Chicago, 2014 WW Chicago 2014 - John Carpenter 01 (14872083007).jpg
Carpenter at a signing in Chicago, 2014

Many of Carpenter's films have been re-released on DVD as special editions with numerous bonus features. Examples of such are: the collector's editions of Halloween , Escape from New York , Christine , The Thing , Assault on Precinct 13 , Big Trouble In Little China , and The Fog . Some were re-issued with a new anamorphic widescreen transfer. In the UK, several of Carpenter's films have been released as DVD with audio commentary by Carpenter and his actors ( They Live , with actor/wrestler Roddy Piper, Starman with actor Jeff Bridges, and Prince of Darkness with actor Peter Jason).

Carpenter has been the subject of the documentary film John Carpenter: The Man and His Movies, and American Cinematheque's 2002 retrospective of his films. Moreover, during 2006, the United States Library of Congress deemed Halloween to be "culturally significant" and selected it for preservation in the National Film Registry. [64]

During 2010, writer and actor Mark Gatiss interviewed Carpenter about his career and films for his BBC documentary series A History of Horror . Carpenter appears in all three episodes of the series. [65] He was also interviewed by Robert Rodriguez for his The Director's Chair series on El Rey Network.

Filmmakers that have been influenced by Carpenter include James Cameron, [66] Quentin Tarantino, [67] [68] Guillermo del Toro, [69] Robert Rodriguez, [70] [71] James Wan, [72] Edgar Wright, [73] [74] [75] Danny Boyle, [76] Nicolas Winding Refn, [77] [78] [79] [80] Adam Wingard, [81] [82] [83] Neil Marshall, [84] [85] Michael Dougherty, [86] [87] Ben Wheatley, [88] Jeff Nichols, [89] [90] Bong Joon-ho, [91] [92] [93] [94] James Gunn, [95] Mike Flanagan, [96] David Robert Mitchell, [97] [98] The Duffer Brothers, [99] [100] Jeremy Saulnier, [81] [101] [102] Trey Edward Shults, [103] [104] Drew Goddard, [105] [106] David F. Sandberg, [107] James DeMonaco, [81] Adam Green, [108] Ted Geoghegan, [109] [110] Keith Gordon, [111] [112] Jack Thomas Smith, [113] and Marvin Kren. [114] [115] [116] [117] The video game Dead Space 3 is said to be influenced by Carpenter's The Thing, The Fog, and Halloween, and Carpenter has stated that he would be enthusiastic to adapt that series into a feature film. [118] Specific films influenced by Carpenter's include Sean S. Cunningham's Friday the 13th , which was inspired by the success of Halloween, [119] Tarantino's The Hateful Eight , which was heavily influenced by The Thing, [67] Wingard's The Guest , which was inspired by Michael Myers [82] and influenced by Halloween III: Season of the Witch's music, [81] [83] Nichols' Midnight Special , which is said to have used Starman as a reference point, [89] [90] and Kren's Blood Glacier , which is said to be a homage to or recreation of The Thing. [114]

Hans Zimmer also cited Carpenter as an influence on his compositions. [120] 2016 film The Void is considered by many critics and fans to be heavily influenced by several of Carpenter's films. [121]

His legacy also includes his unrealized projects.

Discography

Studio albums

Remix albums

Extended plays

Filmography

Feature films as director

Recurring collaborators

Related Research Articles

<i>The Thing</i> (1982 film) 1982 sci-fi horror film

The Thing is a 1982 American science fiction horror film directed by John Carpenter and written by Bill Lancaster. Based on the 1938 John W. Campbell Jr. novella Who Goes There?, it tells the story of a group of American researchers in Antarctica who encounter the eponymous "Thing", a parasitic extraterrestrial life-form that assimilates, then imitates other organisms. The group is overcome by paranoia and conflict as they learn that they can no longer trust each other and that any one of them could be the Thing. The film stars Kurt Russell as the team's helicopter pilot, R.J. MacReady, and features A. Wilford Brimley, T. K. Carter, David Clennon, Keith David, Richard Dysart, Charles Hallahan, Peter Maloney, Richard Masur, Donald Moffat, Joel Polis, and Thomas G. Waites in supporting roles.

<i>Starman</i> (film) 1984 romantic science fiction film directed by John Carpenter

Starman is a 1984 American science fiction romance film directed by John Carpenter that tells the story of a humanoid alien who has come to Earth in response to the invitation found on the gold phonograph record installed on the Voyager 2 space probe. The original screenplay was written by Bruce A. Evans and Raynold Gideon, with Dean Riesner doing uncredited re-writes. Bridges was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Actor for his role. The film inspired a short-lived television series of the same name in 1986.

<i>Halloween III: Season of the Witch</i> 1982 horror film directed by Tommy Lee Wallace

Halloween III: Season of the Witch is a 1982 American science fiction horror film and the third installment in the Halloween film series. It is the first film to be written and directed by Tommy Lee Wallace. John Carpenter and Debra Hill, the creators of Halloween, returned as producers. The film tells the story of Dr. Dan Challis as he tries to solve the mysterious murder of a patient in his hospital. He, along with the patient's daughter, Ellie Grimbridge, travels to the small town of Santa Mira, California, where he discovers that Silver Shamrock Novelties, a company run by Conal Cochran, is attempting to use the mystic powers of the Stonehenge rocks to resurrect the ancient aspects of the Celtic festival, Samhain, which Cochran connects to witchcraft. Cochran devises a plan to kill children using his popular Halloween masks to achieve his goal, which will be achieved when all the children wearing his masks watch the Silver Shamrock commercial airing Halloween night.

<i>In the Mouth of Madness</i> 1994 film by John Carpenter

In the Mouth of Madness is a 1994 American horror film directed and scored by John Carpenter and written by Michael De Luca. It stars Sam Neill, Julie Carmen, Jürgen Prochnow, David Warner and Charlton Heston. Informally, the film is the third installment in Carpenter's Apocalypse Trilogy, preceded by The Thing and Prince of Darkness.

<i>Assault on Precinct 13</i> (1976 film) 1976 film by John Carpenter

Assault on Precinct 13 is a 1976 American independent action thriller film written, directed, scored and edited by John Carpenter. It stars Austin Stoker as a police officer who defends a defunct precinct against an attack by a relentless criminal gang, along with Darwin Joston as a convicted murderer who helps him. Laurie Zimmer, Tony Burton, Martin West and Nancy Kyes co-star as other defenders of the precinct.

Debra Hill was an American film producer and screenwriter, best known for producing various works of John Carpenter.

<i>Halloween II</i> (1981 film) 1981 film by John Carpenter, Rick Rosenthal

Halloween II is a 1981 American slasher film directed by Rick Rosenthal in his directorial debut, written and produced by John Carpenter and Debra Hill, and starring Jamie Lee Curtis and Donald Pleasence who reprise their respective roles as Laurie Strode and Dr. Sam Loomis. It is the second installment in the Halloween film series and a direct sequel to Halloween (1978). The plot picks up directly after the first film, with Michael Myers following survivor Laurie Strode to the local hospital, while his psychiatrist Dr. Loomis continues his pursuit of him.

Nancy Louise Kyes is an American film and television actress. In most of her film appearances, she is credited under her stage name Nancy Loomis. She is best known for her role as Annie Brackett in Halloween (1978) and the sequel Halloween II (1981). She also played the role of Linda Challis in Halloween III: Season of the Witch (1982), as well as roles in two of John Carpenter's films: Julie in Assault on Precinct 13 (1976) and Sandy Fadel in The Fog (1980).

Halloween is an American horror franchise that consists of eleven films, as well as novels, comic books, merchandise, and a video game. The franchise primarily focuses on serial killer Michael Myers who was committed to a sanitarium as a child for the murder of his sister, Judith Myers. Fifteen years later, he escapes to stalk and kill the people of the fictional town of Haddonfield, Illinois. Michael's killings occur on the holiday of Halloween, on which all of the films primarily take place. The original Halloween, released in 1978, was written by John Carpenter and Debra Hill, and directed by Carpenter. The film is known to have inspired a long line of slasher films.

Nick Castle American film director, actor and screenwriter

Nicholas Charles Castle is an American screenwriter, film director and actor. He is known for playing Michael Myers in John Carpenter's horror film Halloween (1978). Castle also co-wrote Escape from New York (1981) with Carpenter. After Halloween, Castle became a director, taking the helm of films such as The Last Starfighter (1984), The Boy Who Could Fly (1986), Dennis the Menace (1993), and Major Payne (1995). He reprised the role of Michael Myers in Halloween (2018).

Thomas "Tommy" Lee Wallace is an American film producer, director, editor, and screenwriter. He is best known for his work in the horror genre, directing films such as Halloween III: Season of the Witch, Fright Night Part 2 and the 1990 mini-series It. He is a long-time friend and collaborator of director John Carpenter, receiving his first credit as art director on Carpenter's directorial debut Dark Star. Along with Charles Bornstein, he edited both the original Halloween and The Fog.

Dean Raymond Cundey, A.S.C. is an American cinematographer and film director. He is known for his collaborations with John Carpenter, Steven Spielberg, Robert Zemeckis, as well as his extensive work in the horror genre, in addition to numerous family and comedy films. He was nominated for an Academy Award for Best Cinematography for his work on Who Framed Roger Rabbit and has been nominated for numerous BAFTAs and BSC Awards.

Daniel Davies (musician)

Daniel Davies is a British American musician and composer, best known for his contributions to horror director John Carpenter's Lost Themes and Lost Themes II albums, and for his work with rock bands Year Long Disaster, Karma to Burn, and CKY. Davies is the son of guitarist Dave Davies of The Kinks, and the godson of John Carpenter.

<i>Classic Themes Redux EP</i> 2016 EP by John Carpenter

Classic Themes Redux EP is an extended play by American film director and composer John Carpenter. It was released on June 17, 2016, through Sacred Bones Records. The extended play was created in collaboration with Carpenter's son Cody Carpenter and his godson Daniel Davies.

<i>The Fog</i> (soundtrack) album by John Carpenter

The Fog is a soundtrack album composed and performed by John Carpenter, featuring the score to the 1980 film The Fog. It was released in 1984 through Varèse Sarabande. An expanded edition was released in 2000 through Silva Screen Records, containing an extra six tracks not included on the original release. In 2012, another expanded edition was released through Silva Screen Records, containing all of the tracks from the 2000 release and all of the original score cues.

<i>Halloween</i> (2018 film) 2018 film by David Gordon Green

Halloween is a 2018 American slasher film directed by David Gordon Green, written by Green, Jeff Fradley, and Danny McBride, and starring Jamie Lee Curtis and Nick Castle who reprise their respective roles as Laurie Strode and Michael Myers, with stuntman James Jude Courtney also portraying Myers. It is the eleventh installment in the Halloween film series and a direct sequel to Halloween (1978) while effecting a retcon of all previous sequels. The plot follows a post-traumatic Laurie Strode who prepares to face Michael Myers in a final showdown on Halloween night, forty years after she survived his killing spree. The film also stars Judy Greer, Andi Matichak, Will Patton, and Virginia Gardner.

The following is a list of unproduced John Carpenter projects in roughly chronological order. During a career that has spanned over 40 years, John Carpenter has worked on projects which never progressed beyond the pre-production stage under his direction. Some of the films were produced after he left production.

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Further reading