Academy Award for Best Actor

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Academy Award for Best Actor
Joaquin Phoenix-1325.jpg (cropped).jpg
The 2020 recipient: Joaquin Phoenix
Awarded forBest Performance by an Actor in a Leading Role
Country United States
Presented by Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS)
First awarded 1929 (for performance in films released during the 1927/1928 film season)
Most recent winner Joaquin Phoenix
Joker (2019)
Website oscars.org

The Academy Award for Best Actor is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). It is given in honor of an actor who has delivered an outstanding performance in a leading role while working within the film industry. The award is traditionally presented by the previous year's Best Actress winner.

Contents

The 1st Academy Awards were held in 1929 with Emil Jannings receiving the award for his roles in The Last Command (1928) and The Way of All Flesh (1927). [1] Currently, nominees are determined by single transferable vote within the actors branch of AMPAS; winners are selected by a plurality vote from the entire eligible voting members of the Academy. [2]

In the first three years of the awards, actors were nominated as the best in their categories. At that time, all of their work during the qualifying period (as many as three films, in some cases) was listed after the award. [3] However, during the 3rd ceremony held in 1930, only one of those films was cited in each winner's final award, even though each of the acting winners had two films following their names on the ballots. [4] The following year, this system was replaced by the current system in which an actor is nominated for a specific performance in a single film. [3] Starting with the 9th ceremony held in 1937, the category was officially limited to five nominations per year. [3]

Since its inception, the award has been given to 83 actors. Daniel Day-Lewis has received the most awards in this category, with three wins. Spencer Tracy and Laurence Olivier were nominated on nine occasions, more than any other actor. Peter O'Toole is the most nominated actor in this category without a single win. James Dean remains the only actor to have been posthumously nominated in this category on more than one occasion. At age 29, Adrien Brody became the youngest actor to win this award for The Pianist (2002), while Henry Fonda, at age 76, became the oldest winner for On Golden Pond (1981). As of the 92nd Academy Awards, Joaquin Phoenix is the most recent winner in this category for his portrayal of Arthur Fleck / Joker in Joker (2019).

Winners and nominees

In the following table, the years are listed as per Academy convention, and generally correspond to the year of film release in Los Angeles County; the ceremonies are always held the following year. [5] For the first five ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned twelve months, from August 1 to July 31. [6] For the 6th ceremony held in 1934, the eligibility period lasted from August 1, 1932, to December 31, 1933. [6] Since the 7th ceremony held in 1935, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31. [6]

Table key
Double-dagger-14-plain.pngIndicates the winner
§Indicates winner who refused the award
^Indicates posthumous winner
*Indicates posthumous nominee
Emil Jannings was the first winner of this category for his roles in The Last Command (1928) and The Way of All Flesh (1927). Emil Jannings - no watermark.jpg
Emil Jannings was the first winner of this category for his roles in The Last Command (1928) and The Way of All Flesh (1927).
Fredric March won twice for his roles in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1931) and The Best Years of Our Lives (1946). Fredric March-1.jpg
Fredric March won twice for his roles in Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1931) and The Best Years of Our Lives (1946).
Clark Gable won for his performance in It Happened One Night (1934). Clark Gable - publicity.JPG
Clark Gable won for his performance in It Happened One Night (1934).
Paul Muni won for his portrayal of Louis Pasteur in The Story of Louis Pasteur (1936). Paul Muni - Zola - 1936.jpg
Paul Muni won for his portrayal of Louis Pasteur in The Story of Louis Pasteur (1936).
Spencer Tracy was the first actor to win this award over two consecutive years for his roles in Captains Courageous (1937) and Boys Town (1938) (and received seven other nominations). Spencer Tracy.jpg
Spencer Tracy was the first actor to win this award over two consecutive years for his roles in Captains Courageous (1937) and Boys Town (1938) (and received seven other nominations).
James Stewart won for his performance in The Philadelphia Story (1940). Annex - Stewart, James (Call Northside 777) 01.jpg
James Stewart won for his performance in The Philadelphia Story (1940).
Gary Cooper won twice for his roles in Sergeant York (1941) and High Noon (1952). Gary Cooper 1936.jpg
Gary Cooper won twice for his roles in Sergeant York (1941) and High Noon (1952).
James Cagney won for his portrayal of George M. Cohan in Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942). James cagney promo photo.jpg
James Cagney won for his portrayal of George M. Cohan in Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942).
Bing Crosby won for his performance in Going My Way (1944). Bing Crosby 1942.jpg
Bing Crosby won for his performance in Going My Way (1944).
Laurence Olivier won for his performance as the title role in Hamlet (1948), a film which he directed himself. Laurence Olivier - portrait.JPG
Laurence Olivier won for his performance as the title role in Hamlet (1948), a film which he directed himself.
Humphrey Bogart won for his performance in The African Queen (1951). Humphrey Bogart 1940.jpg
Humphrey Bogart won for his performance in The African Queen (1951).
William Holden won for his performance in Stalag 17 (1953). Holden-portrait.jpg
William Holden won for his performance in Stalag 17 (1953).
Burt Lancaster won for his performance in Elmer Gantry (1960). Burt Lancaster - publicity 1947.JPG
Burt Lancaster won for his performance in Elmer Gantry (1960).
Gregory Peck won for his performance as Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird (1962). Gregory Peck 1948.jpg
Gregory Peck won for his performance as Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird (1962).
Sidney Poitier won for his performance in Lilies of the Field (1963), becoming the first black actor to win this category. Sidney Poitier 1968.jpg
Sidney Poitier won for his performance in Lilies of the Field (1963), becoming the first black actor to win this category.
John Wayne won for his performance as Reuben "Rooster" Cogburn in True Grit (1969). John Wayne - still portrait.jpg
John Wayne won for his performance as Reuben "Rooster" Cogburn in True Grit (1969).
Jack Lemmon was nominated seven times, winning for his performance in Save the Tiger (1973). Jack Lemmon - 1968 (cropped).jpg
Jack Lemmon was nominated seven times, winning for his performance in Save the Tiger (1973).
Jack Nicholson won twice from eight nominations for his roles in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975) and As Good as It Gets (1997). Jack Nicholson - 1976 (new).jpg
Jack Nicholson won twice from eight nominations for his roles in One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest (1975) and As Good as It Gets (1997).
Dustin Hoffman won twice from seven nominations for his roles in Kramer vs. Kramer (1979) and Rain Man (1988). Dustin Hoffman - 1968.jpg
Dustin Hoffman won twice from seven nominations for his roles in Kramer vs. Kramer (1979) and Rain Man (1988).
Robert De Niro won once from five nominations for his portrayal of Jake LaMotta in Raging Bull (1980). RobertdeNiro26 (cropped).JPG
Robert De Niro won once from five nominations for his portrayal of Jake LaMotta in Raging Bull (1980).
Ben Kingsley won for his portrayal of the title role in Gandhi (1982). Sir Ben Kingsley 2012.jpg
Ben Kingsley won for his portrayal of the title role in Gandhi (1982).
Paul Newman won for his performance in The Color of Money (1986). Paul Newman 1958.jpg
Paul Newman won for his performance in The Color of Money (1986).
Daniel Day-Lewis is the first and only actor to win this award three times for his roles in My Left Foot (1989), There Will Be Blood (2007), and Lincoln (2012). Daniel Day Lewis 26 May 2013.jpg
Daniel Day-Lewis is the first and only actor to win this award three times for his roles in My Left Foot (1989), There Will Be Blood (2007), and Lincoln (2012).
Anthony Hopkins won once from three nominations for his performance as Dr. Hannibal Lecter in The Silence of the Lambs (1991). AnthonyHopkins10TIFF.jpg
Anthony Hopkins won once from three nominations for his performance as Dr. Hannibal Lecter in The Silence of the Lambs (1991).
Al Pacino won once from five nominations for his performance in Scent of a Woman (1992). Al Pacino Cannes 1996.jpg
Al Pacino won once from five nominations for his performance in Scent of a Woman (1992).
Tom Hanks won two consecutive times for his roles in Philadelphia (1993) and Forrest Gump (1994) (and received three other nominations). Tom Hanks 2014.jpg
Tom Hanks won two consecutive times for his roles in Philadelphia (1993) and Forrest Gump (1994) (and received three other nominations).
Geoffrey Rush won for his portrayal of David Helfgott in Shine (1996). Geoffrey Rush Berlinale 2017.jpg
Geoffrey Rush won for his portrayal of David Helfgott in Shine (1996).
By virtue of his win for Life Is Beautiful (1998), Roberto Benigni became the second actor to win this award for a role in a film he directed himself (the first being Laurence Olivier). Benigni cropped.jpg
By virtue of his win for Life Is Beautiful (1998), Roberto Benigni became the second actor to win this award for a role in a film he directed himself (the first being Laurence Olivier).
Russell Crowe won for his performance in Gladiator (2000). Russell Crowe - Flickr - Eva Rinaldi Celebrity and Live Music Photographer (2).jpg
Russell Crowe won for his performance in Gladiator (2000).
Denzel Washington won for his performance in Training Day (2001). Denzel Washington cropped.jpg
Denzel Washington won for his performance in Training Day (2001).
At age 29, Adrien Brody became the youngest actor to win this award for his portrayal of Wladyslaw Szpilman in The Pianist (2002). Adrien Brody Cannes 2014.jpg
At age 29, Adrien Brody became the youngest actor to win this award for his portrayal of Władysław Szpilman in The Pianist (2002).
Sean Penn won twice from five nominations for his roles in Mystic River (2003) and Milk (2008). Sean Penn by Sachyn Mital (cropped).jpg
Sean Penn won twice from five nominations for his roles in Mystic River (2003) and Milk (2008).
Forest Whitaker won for his portrayal of Idi Amin in The Last King of Scotland (2006). Forest Whitaker 2014.jpg
Forest Whitaker won for his portrayal of Idi Amin in The Last King of Scotland (2006).
Jeff Bridges won for his performance in Crazy Heart (2009). Jeff Bridges by Gage Skidmore 3.jpg
Jeff Bridges won for his performance in Crazy Heart (2009).
Colin Firth won for his portrayal of King George VI in The King's Speech (2010). Colin Firth by Gage Skidmore 2.jpg
Colin Firth won for his portrayal of King George VI in The King's Speech (2010).
Jean Dujardin became the first French actor to win this award for his performance in The Artist (2011). Jean Dujardin Cannes 2011.jpg
Jean Dujardin became the first French actor to win this award for his performance in The Artist (2011).
Eddie Redmayne won for his portrayal of Stephen Hawking in The Theory of Everything (2014). Eddie Redmayne by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Eddie Redmayne won for his portrayal of Stephen Hawking in The Theory of Everything (2014).
Leonardo DiCaprio won for his portrayal of Hugh Glass in The Revenant (2015). Leonardo DiCaprio visited Goddard Saturday to discuss Earth science with Piers Sellers (26105091624) cropped.jpg
Leonardo DiCaprio won for his portrayal of Hugh Glass in The Revenant (2015).
Casey Affleck won for his performance in Manchester by the Sea (2016). Casey Affleck at the Manchester by the Sea premiere (30199719155) (cropped).jpg
Casey Affleck won for his performance in Manchester by the Sea (2016).
Gary Oldman won for his portrayal of Winston Churchill in Darkest Hour (2017). Gary Oldman in 2017 (36334517524).jpg
Gary Oldman won for his portrayal of Winston Churchill in Darkest Hour (2017).
Rami Malek won for his portrayal of Freddie Mercury in Bohemian Rhapsody (2018); the first Arab to win the award. Rami Malek in 2015 (2) (cropped).jpg
Rami Malek won for his portrayal of Freddie Mercury in Bohemian Rhapsody (2018); the first Arab to win the award.
YearActorRole(s)FilmRef.
1920s
1927/28
(1st)
Emil Jannings Double-dagger-14-plain.png [A] Grand Duke Sergius Alexander
August Schilling
The Last Command
The Way of All Flesh
[10]
Richard Barthelmess Nickie Elkins
Patent Leather Kid
The Noose
The Patent Leather Kid
1928/29
(2nd)
[note 1]
Warner Baxter Double-dagger-14-plain.png The Cisco Kid In Old Arizona [11]
George Bancroft Thunderbolt Jim Lang Thunderbolt
Chester Morris Chick Williams Alibi
Paul Muni James Dyke The Valiant
Lewis Stone Count Pahlen The Patriot
1930s
1929/30
(3rd)
George Arliss Double-dagger-14-plain.png [B] Benjamin Disraeli Disraeli [12]
George Arliss [B] The Raja The Green Goddess
Wallace Beery Butch "Machine Gun" Schmidt The Big House
Maurice Chevalier [B] Pierre Mirande
Count Alfred Renard
The Big Pond
The Love Parade
Ronald Colman [B] Capt. Hugh "Bulldog" Drummond
Michel
Bulldog Drummond
Condemned
Lawrence Tibbett Yegor The Rogue Song
1930/31
(4th)
Lionel Barrymore Double-dagger-14-plain.pngStephen Ashe A Free Soul [13]
Jackie Cooper Skippy Skinner Skippy
Richard Dix Yancey Cravat Cimarron
Fredric March Tony Cavendish The Royal Family of Broadway
Adolphe Menjou Walter Burns The Front Page
1931/32
(5th)
Wallace Beery Double-dagger-14-plain.png(TIE) [C] Andy "Champ" Purcell The Champ [14]
Fredric March Double-dagger-14-plain.png(TIE) [C] Dr. Henry Jekyll / Mr. Edward Hyde Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde
Alfred Lunt The Actor The Guardsman
1932/33
(6th)
Charles Laughton Double-dagger-14-plain.png King Henry VIII of England The Private Life of Henry VIII [15]
Leslie Howard Peter Standish Berkeley Square
Paul Muni James Allen I Am a Fugitive from a Chain Gang
1934
(7th)
Clark Gable Double-dagger-14-plain.pngPeter Warne It Happened One Night [16]
Frank Morgan Alessandro, Duke of Florence The Affairs of Cellini
William Powell Nick Charles The Thin Man
1935
(8th)
Victor McLaglen Double-dagger-14-plain.pngGypo Nolan The Informer [17]
Clark Gable Lieutenant Fletcher Christian Mutiny on the Bounty
Charles Laughton Captain William Bligh
Paul Muni [D] Joe Radek Black Fury
Franchot Tone Midshipman Roger Byam Mutiny on the Bounty
1936
(9th)
Paul Muni Double-dagger-14-plain.png Louis Pasteur The Story of Louis Pasteur [18]
Gary Cooper Longfellow Deeds Mr. Deeds Goes to Town
Walter Huston Sam Dodsworth Dodsworth
William Powell Godfrey Park My Man Godfrey
Spencer Tracy Father Tim Mullin San Francisco
1937
(10th)
Spencer Tracy Double-dagger-14-plain.pngManuel Fidello Captains Courageous [19]
Charles Boyer Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte Conquest
Fredric March Norman Maine A Star Is Born
Robert Montgomery Danny Night Must Fall
Paul Muni Émile Zola The Life of Emile Zola
1938
(11th)
Spencer Tracy Double-dagger-14-plain.png Father Flanagan Boys Town [20]
Charles Boyer Pepe le Moko Algiers
James Cagney Rocky Sullivan Angels with Dirty Faces
Robert Donat Dr. Andrew Manson The Citadel
Leslie Howard Professor Henry Higgins Pygmalion
1939
(12th)
Robert Donat Double-dagger-14-plain.pngCharles Edward Chipping Goodbye, Mr. Chips [21]
Clark Gable Rhett Butler Gone with the Wind
Laurence Olivier Heathcliff Wuthering Heights
Mickey Rooney Mickey Moran Babes in Arms
James Stewart Jefferson Smith Mr. Smith Goes to Washington
1940s
1940
(13th)
James Stewart Double-dagger-14-plain.pngMacaulay "Mike" Connor The Philadelphia Story [22]
Charlie Chaplin Adenoid Hynkel / The Barber The Great Dictator
Henry Fonda Tom Joad The Grapes of Wrath
Raymond Massey Abraham Lincoln Abe Lincoln in Illinois
Laurence Olivier Maximilian "Maxim" de Winter Rebecca
1941
(14th)
Gary Cooper Double-dagger-14-plain.png Sgt. Alvin York Sergeant York [23]
Cary Grant Roger Adams Penny Serenade
Walter Huston Mr. Scratch The Devil and Daniel Webster
Robert Montgomery Joe Pendleton Here Comes Mr. Jordan
Orson Welles Charles Foster Kane Citizen Kane
1942
(15th)
James Cagney Double-dagger-14-plain.png George M. Cohan Yankee Doodle Dandy [24]
Ronald Colman Charles Rainier Random Harvest
Gary Cooper Lou Gehrig The Pride of the Yankees
Walter Pidgeon Clem Miniver Mrs. Miniver
Monty Woolley Howard The Pied Piper
1943
(16th)
Paul Lukas Double-dagger-14-plain.pngKurt Muller Watch on the Rhine [25]
Humphrey Bogart Rick Blaine Casablanca
Gary Cooper Robert Jordan For Whom the Bell Tolls
Walter Pidgeon Pierre Curie Madame Curie
Mickey Rooney Homer Macauley The Human Comedy
1944
(17th)
Bing Crosby Double-dagger-14-plain.pngFather Chuck O'Malley Going My Way [26]
Charles Boyer Gregory Anton Gaslight
Barry Fitzgerald Father Fitzgibbon Going My Way
Cary Grant Ernie Mott None but the Lonely Heart
Alexander Knox Woodrow Wilson Wilson
1945
(18th)
Ray Milland Double-dagger-14-plain.pngDon Birnam The Lost Weekend [27]
Bing Crosby Father Chuck O'Malley The Bells of St. Mary's
Gene Kelly Joseph Brady Anchors Aweigh
Gregory Peck Father Francis The Keys of the Kingdom
Cornel Wilde Frédéric Chopin A Song to Remember
1946
(19th)
Fredric March Double-dagger-14-plain.pngPlatoon Sergeant Al Stephenson The Best Years of Our Lives [28]
Laurence Olivier King Henry V of England Henry V
Larry Parks Al Jolson The Jolson Story
Gregory Peck Ezra "Penny" Baxter The Yearling
James Stewart George Bailey It's a Wonderful Life
1947
(20th)
Ronald Colman Double-dagger-14-plain.pngAnthony John A Double Life [29]
John Garfield Charlie Davis Body and Soul
Gregory Peck Philip Schuyler Green Gentleman's Agreement
William Powell Clarence Day, Sr. Life with Father
Michael Redgrave Orin Mannon Mourning Becomes Electra
1948
(21st)
Laurence Olivier Double-dagger-14-plain.png Hamlet, Prince of Denmark Hamlet [30]
Lew Ayres Dr. Robert Richardson Johnny Belinda
Montgomery Clift Ralph "Steve" Stevenson The Search
Dan Dailey "Skid" Johnson When My Baby Smiles at Me
Clifton Webb Lynn Aloysius Belvedere Sitting Pretty
1949
(22nd)
Broderick Crawford Double-dagger-14-plain.png Willie Stark All the King's Men [31]
Kirk Douglas Michael "Midge" Kelly Champion
Gregory Peck Brig. General Frank Savage Twelve O'Clock High
Richard Todd Cpl. Lachlan "Lachie" MacLachlan The Hasty Heart
John Wayne Sergeant John M. Stryker Sands of Iwo Jima
1950s
1950
(23rd)
José Ferrer Double-dagger-14-plain.png Cyrano de Bergerac Cyrano de Bergerac [32]
Louis Calhern Oliver Wendell Holmes The Magnificent Yankee
William Holden Joe Gillis Sunset Boulevard
James Stewart Elwood P. Dowd Harvey
Spencer Tracy Stanley T. Banks Father of the Bride
1951
(24th)
Humphrey Bogart Double-dagger-14-plain.pngCharlie Allnut The African Queen [33]
Marlon Brando Stanley Kowalski A Streetcar Named Desire
Montgomery Clift George Eastman A Place in the Sun
Arthur Kennedy Larry Nevins Bright Victory
Fredric March Willy Loman Death of a Salesman
1952
(25th)
Gary Cooper Double-dagger-14-plain.png Marshal Will Kane High Noon [34]
Marlon Brando Emiliano Zapata Viva Zapata!
Kirk Douglas Jonathan Shields The Bad and the Beautiful
José Ferrer Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec
Comte Alphonse de Toulouse-Lautrec
Moulin Rouge
Alec Guinness Holland The Lavender Hill Mob
1953
(26th)
William Holden Double-dagger-14-plain.pngSgt. J.J. Sefton Stalag 17 [35]
Marlon Brando Mark Antony Julius Caesar
Richard Burton Marcellus Gallio The Robe
Montgomery Clift Pvt. Robert E. Lee "Prew" Prewitt From Here to Eternity
Burt Lancaster 1st Sgt. Milton Warden
1954
(27th)
Marlon Brando Double-dagger-14-plain.pngTerry Malloy On the Waterfront [36]
Humphrey Bogart Lt. Cmdr. Philip Francis Queeg The Caine Mutiny
Bing Crosby Frank Elgin The Country Girl
James Mason Norman Maine A Star Is Born
Dan O'Herlihy Robinson Crusoe Robinson Crusoe
1955
(28th)
Ernest Borgnine Double-dagger-14-plain.pngMarty Piletti Marty [37]
James Cagney Martin Snyder Love Me or Leave Me
James Dean * [38] Cal Trask East of Eden
Frank Sinatra Frankie Machine The Man with the Golden Arm
Spencer Tracy John J. Macreedy Bad Day at Black Rock
1956
(29th)
Yul Brynner Double-dagger-14-plain.png King Mongkut of Siam The King and I [39]
James Dean * [38] Jett Rink Giant
Kirk Douglas Vincent van Gogh Lust for Life
Rock Hudson Jordan "Bick" Benedict Jr. Giant
Laurence Olivier King Richard III of England Richard III
1957
(30th)
Alec Guinness Double-dagger-14-plain.pngLieutenant Colonel Nicholson The Bridge on the River Kwai [40]
Marlon Brando Major Lloyd "Ace" Gruver, USAF Sayonara
Anthony Franciosa Polo Pope A Hatful of Rain
Charles Laughton Sir Wilfrid Robarts Witness for the Prosecution
Anthony Quinn Gino Wild Is the Wind
1958
(31st)
David Niven Double-dagger-14-plain.pngMajor Angus Pollock Separate Tables [41]
Tony Curtis John "Joker" Jackson The Defiant Ones
Paul Newman Brick Pollitt Cat on a Hot Tin Roof
Sidney Poitier Noah Cullen The Defiant Ones
Spencer Tracy The Old Man The Old Man and the Sea
1959
(32nd)
Charlton Heston Double-dagger-14-plain.png Judah Ben-Hur Ben-Hur [42]
Laurence Harvey Joe Lampton Room at the Top
Jack Lemmon Jerry / Daphne Some Like It Hot
Paul Muni Dr. Sam Abelman The Last Angry Man
James Stewart Paul Biegler Anatomy of a Murder
1960s
1960
(33rd)
Burt Lancaster Double-dagger-14-plain.pngElmer Gantry Elmer Gantry [43]
Trevor Howard Walter Morel Sons and Lovers
Jack Lemmon C. C. "Bud" Baxter The Apartment
Laurence Olivier Archie Rice The Entertainer
Spencer Tracy Henry Drummond Inherit the Wind
1961
(34th)
Maximilian Schell Double-dagger-14-plain.pngHans Rolfe Judgment at Nuremberg [44]
Charles Boyer Cesar Fanny
Paul Newman Eddie Felson The Hustler
Spencer Tracy Chief Judge Dan Haywood Judgment at Nuremberg
Stuart Whitman Jim Fuller The Mark
1962
(35th)
Gregory Peck Double-dagger-14-plain.png Atticus Finch To Kill a Mockingbird [45]
Burt Lancaster Robert Stroud Birdman of Alcatraz
Jack Lemmon Joe Clay Days of Wine and Roses
Marcello Mastroianni Ferdinando Cefalù Divorce Italian Style
Peter O'Toole T. E. Lawrence Lawrence of Arabia
1963
(36th)
Sidney Poitier Double-dagger-14-plain.pngHomer Smith Lilies of the Field [46]
Albert Finney Tom Jones Tom Jones
Richard Harris Frank Machin This Sporting Life
Rex Harrison Julius Caesar Cleopatra
Paul Newman Hud Bannon Hud
1964
(37th)
Rex Harrison Double-dagger-14-plain.pngProfessor Henry Higgins My Fair Lady [47]
Richard Burton Thomas Becket Becket
Peter O'Toole King Henry II of England
Anthony Quinn Alexis Zorba Zorba the Greek
Peter Sellers Group Captain Lionel Mandrake
President Merkin Muffley
Dr. Strangelove
Dr. Strangelove
1965
(38th)
Lee Marvin Double-dagger-14-plain.pngKid Shelleen
Tim Strawn
Cat Ballou [48]
Richard Burton Alec Leamas The Spy Who Came In from the Cold
Laurence Olivier Othello Othello
Rod Steiger Sol Nazerman The Pawnbroker
Oskar Werner Willie Schumann Ship of Fools
1966
(39th)
Paul Scofield Double-dagger-14-plain.png Sir Thomas More A Man for All Seasons [49]
Alan Arkin Lt. Rozanov The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming
Richard Burton George Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
Michael Caine Alfie Elkins Alfie
Steve McQueen Jake Holman The Sand Pebbles
1967
(40th)
Rod Steiger Double-dagger-14-plain.pngPolice Chief Bill Gillespie In the Heat of the Night [50]
Warren Beatty Clyde Barrow Bonnie and Clyde
Dustin Hoffman Benjamin Braddock The Graduate
Paul Newman Lucas "Cool Hand Luke" Jackson Cool Hand Luke
Spencer Tracy * [38] Matt Drayton Guess Who's Coming to Dinner
1968
(41st)
Cliff Robertson Double-dagger-14-plain.pngCharly Gordon Charly [51]
Alan Arkin John Singer The Heart Is a Lonely Hunter
Alan Bates Yakov Bok The Fixer
Ron Moody Fagin Oliver!
Peter O'Toole King Henry II of England The Lion in Winter
1969
(42nd)
John Wayne Double-dagger-14-plain.png Reuben "Rooster" Cogburn True Grit [52]
Richard Burton King Henry VIII of England Anne of the Thousand Days
Dustin Hoffman Enrico Salvatore "Ratso" "Rico" Rizzo Midnight Cowboy
Peter O'Toole Arthur Chipping Goodbye, Mr. Chips
Jon Voight Joe Buck Midnight Cowboy
1970s
1970
(43rd)
George C. Scott § [53] General George S. Patton Jr. Patton [54]
Melvyn Douglas Tom Garrison I Never Sang for My Father
James Earl Jones Jack Jefferson The Great White Hope
Jack Nicholson Robert Eroica Dupea Five Easy Pieces
Ryan O'Neal Oliver Barrett IV Love Story
1971
(44th)
Gene Hackman Double-dagger-14-plain.png Detective Jimmy "Popeye" Doyle The French Connection [55]
Peter Finch Dr. Daniel Hirsh Sunday Bloody Sunday
Walter Matthau Joseph P. Kotcher Kotch
George C. Scott Dr. Herbert Bock The Hospital
Topol Tevye Fiddler on the Roof
1972
(45th)
Marlon Brando § [53] Vito Corleone The Godfather [56]
Michael Caine Milo Tindle Sleuth
Laurence Olivier Andrew Wyke
Peter O'Toole Jack Gurney, 14th Earl of Gurney The Ruling Class
Paul Winfield Nathan Lee Morgan Sounder
1973
(46th)
Jack Lemmon Double-dagger-14-plain.pngHarry Stoner Save the Tiger [57]
Marlon Brando Paul Last Tango in Paris
Jack Nicholson Signalman First Class Billy L. "Badass" Buddusky The Last Detail
Al Pacino Frank Serpico Serpico
Robert Redford Johnny "Kelly" Hooker The Sting
1974
(47th)
Art Carney Double-dagger-14-plain.pngHarry Coombes Harry and Tonto [58]
Albert Finney Hercule Poirot Murder on the Orient Express
Dustin Hoffman Lenny Bruce Lenny
Jack Nicholson J. J. "Jake" Gittes Chinatown
Al Pacino Michael Corleone The Godfather Part II
1975
(48th)
Jack Nicholson Double-dagger-14-plain.png Randle Patrick "Mac" McMurphy One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest [59]
Walter Matthau Willy Clark The Sunshine Boys
Al Pacino Sonny Wortzik Dog Day Afternoon
Maximilian Schell Arthur Goldman The Man in the Glass Booth
James Whitmore Harry S. Truman Give 'em Hell, Harry!
1976
(49th)
Peter Finch ^ [38] Howard Beale Network [60]
Robert De Niro Travis Bickle Taxi Driver
Giancarlo Giannini Pasqualino Frafuso Seven Beauties
William Holden Max Schumacher Network
Sylvester Stallone Rocky Balboa Rocky
1977
(50th)
Richard Dreyfuss Double-dagger-14-plain.pngElliot Garfield The Goodbye Girl [61]
Woody Allen Alvy Singer Annie Hall
Richard Burton Martin Dysart Equus
Marcello Mastroianni Gabriele A Special Day
John Travolta Anthony "Tony" Manero Saturday Night Fever
1978
(51st)
Jon Voight Double-dagger-14-plain.pngLuke Martin Coming Home [62]
Warren Beatty Joe Pendleton Heaven Can Wait
Gary Busey Buddy Holly The Buddy Holly Story
Robert De Niro Michael Vronsky The Deer Hunter
Laurence Olivier Ezra Lieberman The Boys from Brazil
1979
(52nd)
Dustin Hoffman Double-dagger-14-plain.pngTed Kramer Kramer vs. Kramer [63]
Jack Lemmon Jack Godell The China Syndrome
Al Pacino Arthur Kirkland ...And Justice for All.
Roy Scheider Joe Gideon All That Jazz
Peter Sellers Chance the Gardener, aka Chauncey Gardiner Being There
1980s
1980
(53rd)
Robert De Niro Double-dagger-14-plain.png Jake LaMotta Raging Bull [64]
Robert Duvall Lieutenant Colonel Wilbur "Bull" Meechum The Great Santini
John Hurt John Merrick The Elephant Man
Jack Lemmon Scottie Templeton Tribute
Peter O'Toole Eli Cross The Stunt Man
1981
(54th)
Henry Fonda Double-dagger-14-plain.pngNorman Thayer Jr. On Golden Pond [65]
Warren Beatty John Silas "Jack" Reed Reds
Burt Lancaster Lou Pascal Atlantic City
Dudley Moore Arthur Bach Arthur
Paul Newman Michael Colin Gallagher Absence of Malice
1982
(55th)
Ben Kingsley Double-dagger-14-plain.png Mahatma Gandhi Gandhi [66]
Dustin Hoffman Michael Dorsey / Dorothy Michaels Tootsie
Jack Lemmon Edmund Horman Missing
Paul Newman Frank Galvin The Verdict
Peter O'Toole Alan Swann My Favorite Year
1983
(56th)
Robert Duvall Double-dagger-14-plain.pngMac Sledge Tender Mercies [67]
Michael Caine Dr. Frank Bryant Educating Rita
Tom Conti Gowan McGland Reuben, Reuben
Tom Courtenay Norman The Dresser
Albert Finney Sir
1984
(57th)
F. Murray Abraham Double-dagger-14-plain.png Antonio Salieri Amadeus [68]
Jeff Bridges Starman Starman
Albert Finney Geoffrey Firmin Under the Volcano
Tom Hulce Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart Amadeus
Sam Waterston Sydney Schanberg The Killing Fields
1985
(58th)
William Hurt Double-dagger-14-plain.pngLuis Molina Kiss of the Spider Woman [69]
Harrison Ford Detective Captain John Book Witness
James Garner Murphy Jones Murphy's Romance
Jack Nicholson Charley Partanna Prizzi's Honor
Jon Voight Oscar "Manny" Manheim Runaway Train
1986
(59th)
Paul Newman Double-dagger-14-plain.pngFast Eddie Felson The Color of Money [70]
Dexter Gordon Dale Turner Round Midnight
Bob Hoskins George Mona Lisa
William Hurt James Leeds Children of a Lesser God
James Woods Richard Boyle Salvador
1987
(60th)
Michael Douglas Double-dagger-14-plain.png Gordon Gekko Wall Street [71]
William Hurt Tom Grunick Broadcast News
Marcello Mastroianni Romano Dark Eyes
Jack Nicholson Francis Phelan Ironweed
Robin Williams Adrian Cronauer Good Morning, Vietnam
1988
(61st)
Dustin Hoffman Double-dagger-14-plain.pngRaymond Babbitt Rain Man [72]
Gene Hackman Agent Rupert Anderson Mississippi Burning
Tom Hanks Josh Baskin Big
Edward James Olmos Jaime Escalante Stand and Deliver
Max von Sydow Lassefar Pelle the Conqueror
1989
(62nd)
Daniel Day-Lewis Double-dagger-14-plain.png Christy Brown My Left Foot [73]
Kenneth Branagh King Henry V of England Henry V
Tom Cruise Ron Kovic Born on the Fourth of July
Morgan Freeman Hoke Colburn Driving Miss Daisy
Robin Williams John Charles "Keats" Keating Dead Poets Society
1990s
1990
(63rd)
Jeremy Irons Double-dagger-14-plain.png Claus von Bülow Reversal of Fortune [74]
Kevin Costner Lieutenant John J. Dunbar Dances with Wolves
Robert De Niro Leonard Lowe Awakenings
Gérard Depardieu Cyrano de Bergerac Cyrano de Bergerac
Richard Harris "Bull" McCabe The Field
1991
(64th)
Anthony Hopkins Double-dagger-14-plain.png Dr. Hannibal Lecter The Silence of the Lambs [75]
Warren Beatty Benjamin "Bugsy" Siegel Bugsy
Robert De Niro Maximilian "Max" Cady Cape Fear
Nick Nolte Tom Wingo The Prince of Tides
Robin Williams Henry "Parry" Sagan The Fisher King
1992
(65th)
Al Pacino Double-dagger-14-plain.pngLieutenant Colonel Frank Slade Scent of a Woman [76]
Robert Downey Jr. Charlie Chaplin Chaplin
Clint Eastwood William "Will" Munny Unforgiven
Stephen Rea Fergus The Crying Game
Denzel Washington Malcolm X Malcolm X
1993
(66th)
Tom Hanks Double-dagger-14-plain.pngAndrew Beckett Philadelphia [77]
Daniel Day-Lewis Gerry Conlon In the Name of the Father
Laurence Fishburne Ike Turner What's Love Got to Do with It
Anthony Hopkins James Stevens The Remains of the Day
Liam Neeson Oskar Schindler Schindler's List
1994
(67th)
Tom Hanks Double-dagger-14-plain.png Forrest Gump Forrest Gump [78]
Morgan Freeman Ellis Boyd "Red" Redding The Shawshank Redemption
Nigel Hawthorne King George III The Madness of King George
Paul Newman Donald "Sully" Sullivan Nobody's Fool
John Travolta Vincent Vega Pulp Fiction
1995
(68th)
Nicolas Cage Double-dagger-14-plain.pngBen Sanderson Leaving Las Vegas [79]
Richard Dreyfuss Glenn Holland Mr. Holland's Opus
Anthony Hopkins Richard Nixon Nixon
Sean Penn Matthew Poncelet Dead Man Walking
Massimo Troisi * [38] Mario Ruoppolo Il Postino: The Postman
1996
(69th)
Geoffrey Rush Double-dagger-14-plain.png David Helfgott Shine [80]
Tom Cruise Jerry Maguire Jerry Maguire
Ralph Fiennes Count László de Almásy The English Patient
Woody Harrelson Larry Flynt The People vs. Larry Flynt
Billy Bob Thornton Karl Childers Sling Blade
1997
(70th)
Jack Nicholson Double-dagger-14-plain.pngMelvin Udall As Good as It Gets [81]
Matt Damon Will Hunting Good Will Hunting
Robert Duvall Euliss "Sonny" Dewey The Apostle
Peter Fonda Ulysses "Ulee" Jackson Ulee's Gold
Dustin Hoffman Stanley Motss Wag the Dog
1998
(71st)
Roberto Benigni Double-dagger-14-plain.pngGuido Orefice Life Is Beautiful [82]
Tom Hanks Captain John H. Miller Saving Private Ryan
Ian McKellen James Whale Gods and Monsters
Nick Nolte Wade Whitehouse Affliction
Edward Norton Derek Vinyard American History X
1999
(72nd)
Kevin Spacey Double-dagger-14-plain.pngLester Burnham American Beauty [83]
Russell Crowe Jeffrey Wigand The Insider
Richard Farnsworth Alvin Straight The Straight Story
Sean Penn Emmet Ray Sweet and Lowdown
Denzel Washington Rubin "The Hurricane" Carter The Hurricane
2000s
2000
(73rd)
Russell Crowe Double-dagger-14-plain.pngMaximus Decimus Meridius Gladiator [84]
Javier Bardem Reinaldo Arenas Before Night Falls
Tom Hanks Chuck Noland Cast Away
Ed Harris Jackson Pollock Pollock
Geoffrey Rush Marquis de Sade Quills
2001
(74th)
Denzel Washington Double-dagger-14-plain.pngDetective Alonzo Harris Training Day [85]
Russell Crowe John Forbes Nash Jr. A Beautiful Mind
Sean Penn Sam Dawson I Am Sam
Will Smith Muhammad Ali Ali
Tom Wilkinson Dr. Matt Fowler In the Bedroom
2002
(75th)
Adrien Brody Double-dagger-14-plain.png Władysław Szpilman The Pianist [86]
Nicolas Cage Charlie Kaufman / Donald Kaufman Adaptation
Michael Caine Thomas Fowler The Quiet American
Daniel Day-Lewis William "Bill the Butcher" Cutting Gangs of New York
Jack Nicholson Warren R. Schmidt About Schmidt
2003
(76th)
Sean Penn Double-dagger-14-plain.pngJimmy Markum Mystic River [87]
Johnny Depp Captain Jack Sparrow Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl
Ben Kingsley Colonel Massoud Amir Behrani House of Sand and Fog
Jude Law W. P. Inman Cold Mountain
Bill Murray Bob Harris Lost in Translation
2004
(77th)
Jamie Foxx Double-dagger-14-plain.png Ray Charles Ray [88]
Don Cheadle Paul Rusesabagina Hotel Rwanda
Johnny Depp J. M. Barrie Finding Neverland
Leonardo DiCaprio Howard Hughes The Aviator
Clint Eastwood Frankie Dunn Million Dollar Baby
2005
(78th)
Philip Seymour Hoffman Double-dagger-14-plain.png Truman Capote Capote [89]
Terrence Howard Djay Hustle & Flow
Heath Ledger Ennis Del Mar Brokeback Mountain
Joaquin Phoenix Johnny Cash Walk the Line
David Strathairn Edward R. Murrow Good Night, and Good Luck
2006
(79th)
Forest Whitaker Double-dagger-14-plain.png Idi Amin The Last King of Scotland [90]
Leonardo DiCaprio Danny Archer Blood Diamond
Ryan Gosling Dan Dunne Half Nelson
Peter O'Toole Maurice Russell Venus
Will Smith Chris Gardner The Pursuit of Happyness
2007
(80th)
Daniel Day-Lewis Double-dagger-14-plain.pngDaniel Plainview There Will Be Blood [91]
George Clooney Michael Clayton Michael Clayton
Johnny Depp Sweeney Todd / Benjamin Barker Sweeney Todd: The Demon Barber of Fleet Street
Tommy Lee Jones Hank Deerfield In the Valley of Elah
Viggo Mortensen Nikolai Luzhin Eastern Promises
2008
(81st)
Sean Penn Double-dagger-14-plain.png Harvey Milk Milk [92]
Richard Jenkins Walter Vale The Visitor
Frank Langella Richard Nixon Frost/Nixon
Brad Pitt Benjamin Button The Curious Case of Benjamin Button
Mickey Rourke Randy "The Ram" Robinson The Wrestler
2009
(82nd)
Jeff Bridges Double-dagger-14-plain.pngOtis "Bad" Blake Crazy Heart [93]
George Clooney Ryan Bingham Up in the Air
Colin Firth George Falconer A Single Man
Morgan Freeman Nelson Mandela Invictus
Jeremy Renner SFC William James The Hurt Locker
2010s
2010
(83rd)
Colin Firth Double-dagger-14-plain.png King George VI The King's Speech [94]
Javier Bardem Uxbal Biutiful
Jeff Bridges Reuben "Rooster" Cogburn True Grit
Jesse Eisenberg Mark Zuckerberg The Social Network
James Franco Aron Ralston 127 Hours
2011
(84th)
Jean Dujardin Double-dagger-14-plain.pngGeorge Valentin The Artist [95]
Demián Bichir Carlos Galindo A Better Life
George Clooney Matthew King The Descendants
Gary Oldman George Smiley Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy
Brad Pitt Billy Beane Moneyball
2012
(85th)
Daniel Day-Lewis Double-dagger-14-plain.png Abraham Lincoln Lincoln [96]
Bradley Cooper Patrizio "Pat" Solitano, Jr. Silver Linings Playbook
Hugh Jackman Jean Valjean Les Misérables
Joaquin Phoenix Freddie Quell The Master
Denzel Washington William "Whip" Whitaker, Sr. Flight
2013
(86th)
Matthew McConaughey Double-dagger-14-plain.png Ron Woodroof Dallas Buyers Club [97]
Christian Bale Irving Rosenfeld American Hustle
Bruce Dern Woodrow "Woody" Grant Nebraska
Leonardo DiCaprio Jordan Belfort The Wolf of Wall Street
Chiwetel Ejiofor Solomon Northup 12 Years a Slave
2014
(87th)
Eddie Redmayne Double-dagger-14-plain.png Stephen Hawking The Theory of Everything [98]
Steve Carell John du Pont Foxcatcher
Bradley Cooper Chris Kyle American Sniper
Benedict Cumberbatch Alan Turing The Imitation Game
Michael Keaton Riggan Thomson Birdman
2015
(88th)
Leonardo DiCaprio Double-dagger-14-plain.png Hugh Glass The Revenant [99]
Bryan Cranston Dalton Trumbo Trumbo
Matt Damon Mark Watney The Martian
Michael Fassbender Steve Jobs Steve Jobs
Eddie Redmayne Lili Elbe The Danish Girl
2016
(89th)
Casey Affleck Double-dagger-14-plain.pngLee Chandler Manchester by the Sea [100]
Andrew Garfield Desmond Doss Hacksaw Ridge
Ryan Gosling Sebastian Wilder La La Land
Viggo Mortensen Ben Cash Captain Fantastic
Denzel Washington Troy Maxson Fences
2017
(90th)
Gary Oldman Double-dagger-14-plain.png Winston Churchill Darkest Hour [101]
Timothée Chalamet Elio Perlman Call Me by Your Name
Daniel Day-Lewis Reynolds Woodcock Phantom Thread
Daniel Kaluuya Chris Washington Get Out
Denzel Washington Roman J. Israel Roman J. Israel, Esq.
2018
(91st)
Rami Malek Double-dagger-14-plain.png Freddie Mercury Bohemian Rhapsody [102]
Christian Bale Dick Cheney Vice
Bradley Cooper Jackson Maine A Star Is Born
Willem Dafoe Vincent van Gogh At Eternity's Gate
Viggo Mortensen Tony "Lip" Vallelonga Green Book
2019
(92nd)
Joaquin Phoenix Double-dagger-14-plain.png Arthur Fleck / Joker Joker [103]
Antonio Banderas Salvador Mallo Pain and Glory
Leonardo DiCaprio Rick Dalton Once Upon a Time in Hollywood
Adam Driver Charlie Barber Marriage Story
Jonathan Pryce Cardinal Jorge Mario Bergoglio The Two Popes

Multiple awards and nominations

Multiple character nominations

NominationsCharacter
2 Fredric March and James Mason as Norman Maine in A Star Is Born (1937) & A Star Is Born (1954)
José Ferrer (winner) and Gérard Depardieu as Cyrano de Bergerac in Cyrano de Bergerac (1950) & Cyrano de Bergerac (1990)
Kirk Douglas and Willem Dafoe as Vincent van Gogh in Lust for Life (1956) & At Eternity's Gate (2018)
Anthony Hopkins and Frank Langella as Richard Nixon in Nixon (1995) & Frost/Nixon (2008)
Laurence Olivier and Kenneth Branagh as Henry V in Henry V (1944) & Henry V (1989)
Raymond Massey and Daniel Day-Lewis (winner) as Abraham Lincoln in Abe Lincoln in Illinois (1940) & Lincoln (2012)
Paul Newman as Eddie Felson in The Hustler (1961) & The Color of Money (1986) (winner)
Charles Laughton (winner) and Richard Burton as Henry VIII in The Private Life of Henry VIII (1933) & Anne of the Thousand Days (1969)
Peter O'Toole as Henry II in Becket (1964) and The Lion in Winter (1968)
Bing Crosby as Chuck O'Malley in Going My Way (1944) (winner) & The Bells of St. Mary's (1945)
Leslie Howard and Rex Harrison (winner) as Henry Higgins in Pygmalion (1938) & My Fair Lady (1964)
John Wayne (winner) and Jeff Bridges as Rooster Cogburn in True Grit (1969) & True Grit (2010)
Robert Montgomery and Warren Beatty as Joe Pendleton in Here Comes Mr. Jordan (1941) & Heaven Can Wait (1978)
Robert Donat (winner) and Peter O'Toole as Arthur Chipping in Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1939) & Goodbye, Mr. Chips (1969)

Multiple nominations from the same film

Nominations for portraying multiple characters in the same film

Age superlatives

RecordActorFilmAge (in years)Ref.
Oldest winner Henry Fonda On Golden Pond 76 [104]
Oldest nominee Richard Farnsworth The Straight Story 79 [104]
Youngest winner Adrien Brody The Pianist 29 [104]
Youngest nominee Jackie Cooper Skippy 9 [104]

See also

Notes

A ^ : According to longstanding Hollywood legend, [105] reported by Susan Orlean, [106] Rin Tin Tin actually received the most Best Actor votes, but the Academy (not wishing to give the first award to a dog) refactored the votes to ensure that Jannings won. [107]
B 1 2 3 : Rules at the time of the first three ceremonies allowed for a performer to receive a single nomination which could honor their work in more than one film. George Arliss, Maurice Chevalier, and Ronald Colman were all nominated for two different roles in the same category. Current Academy rules forbid this from happening. No official reason was ever given as to why Arliss won the award for only one of the two films he was listed for. [108]
C 1 2 : Fredric March received one more vote than Wallace Beery. Academy rules at that time considered such a close margin to be a tie, so both March and Beery received the award. Under current Academy rules, however, dual awards are given only for exact ties. [109]
D ^ : Paul Muni's performance in Black Fury was not nominated for an Oscar. For two years only, the Academy allowed a write-in vote. [110] [111] Technically, this meant that any performance was eligible for the award. The decision was made the previous year in response to the controversy surrounding Bette Davis's failure to receive a nomination for Of Human Bondage . Muni came 2nd in the vote; however, the Academy does not recognize Davis or Muni as nominees in these years. [112] [113]
  1. The 2nd Academy Awards is unique in being the only occasion where there were no official nominees. Subsequent research by AMPAS has resulted in a list of unofficial or de facto nominees, based on records of which films were evaluated by the judges.

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The 60th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), took place on April 11, 1988, at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles beginning at 6:00 p.m. PST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 22 categories honoring films released in 1987. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Samuel Goldwyn Jr. and directed by Marty Pasetta. Actor Chevy Chase hosted the show for the second consecutive year. Two weeks earlier in a ceremony held at The Beverly Hilton in Beverly Hills, California, on March 27, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Shirley Jones.

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