Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay

Last updated
Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay
CountryUnited States
Presented by Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS)
First awarded 1940
Most recent winner Bong Joon-ho
Han Jin-won
Parasite (2019)
Website oscars.org

The Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay is the Academy Award for the best screenplay not based upon previously published material. It was created in 1940 as a separate writing award from the Academy Award for Best Story. Beginning with the Oscars for 1957, the two categories were combined to honor only the screenplay.

Contents

See also the Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay, a similar award for screenplays that are adaptations.

Superlatives

Woody Allen has the most nominations in this category with 16, and the most awards with 3 (for Annie Hall , Hannah and Her Sisters , and Midnight in Paris ). Paddy Chayefsky has also won three screenwriting Oscars: two for Original Screenplay ( The Hospital and Network ) and one for Adapted Screenplay ( Marty ).

Woody Allen also holds the record as the oldest winner (76) for Midnight in Paris . [1] Ben Affleck is the youngest winner (25) for Good Will Hunting , co-written with Matt Damon (27).

Richard Schweizer was the first to win for a foreign-language film, Marie-Louise . Other winners for a non-English screenplay include Albert Lamorisse, Pietro Germi, Claude Lelouch, Pedro Almodóvar, Bong Joon-ho and Han Jin-won. Lamorisse is additionally the only person to win or even be nominated for Best Original Screenplay for a short film ( The Red Balloon , 1956). [2]

Muriel Box ( The Seventh Veil ) was the first woman to win in this category; she shared the award with her husband, Sydney Box. The Boxes are also the first of two married couples to win in this category; Earl W. Wallace and Pamela Wallace ( Witness ) are the others.

In 1996, Joel Coen and Ethan Coen became the only siblings to win in this category (for Fargo ). [3] Francis Ford Coppola ( Patton , 1970) [4] and Sofia Coppola ( Lost in Translation , 2003) are the only father-daughter pair to win. [5]

Preston Sturges was nominated for two different films in the same year (1944): Hail the Conquering Hero and The Miracle of Morgan's Creek . Oliver Stone achieved the same distinction in 1986, for Platoon and Salvador . Maurice Richlin and Stanley Shapiro were nominated in 1959 for both Operation Petticoat and Pillow Talk and won for the latter.

Jordan Peele became the first and only African-American to win in this category for 2017's Get Out . [6]

Bong Joon-ho and Han Jin-won became the first Asian writers to win either Screenplay award, for 2019's Parasite . [7] [8]

Winners and nominees

Winners are listed first in colored row, followed by the other nominees.

1940s

Orson Welles co-won the award for Citizen Kane in 1942. Orson Welles 1937.jpg
Orson Welles co-won the award for Citizen Kane in 1942.
Herman J. Mankiewicz, co-winner of the second award in this category (for Citizen Kane). Herman-Mankiewicz.jpg
Herman J. Mankiewicz, co-winner of the second award in this category (for Citizen Kane ).
YearFilmNominee
1940s
1940
(13th)
[9]
The Great McGinty Preston Sturges Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Angels Over Broadway Ben Hecht
Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet Norman Burnside, Heinz Herald & John Huston
Foreign Correspondent Charles Bennett & Joan Harrison
The Great Dictator Charlie Chaplin
1941
(14th)
[10]
Citizen Kane Herman J. Mankiewicz & Orson Welles Double-dagger-14-plain.png
The Devil and Miss Jones Norman Krasna
Sergeant York Harry Chandlee , Abem Finkel, John Huston & Howard Koch
Tall, Dark and Handsome Karl Tunberg & Darrell Ware
Tom, Dick and Harry Paul Jarrico
1942
(15th)
[11]
Woman of the Year Ring Lardner Jr. & Michael Kanin Double-dagger-14-plain.png
One of Our Aircraft Is Missing Michael Powell & Emeric Pressburger
Road to Morocco Frank Butler & Don Hartman
Wake Island W. R. Burnett & Frank Butler
The War Against Mrs. Hadley George Oppenheimer
1943
(16th)
[12]
Princess O'Rourke Norman Krasna Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Air Force Dudley Nichols
In Which We Serve Noël Coward
The North Star Lillian Hellman
So Proudly We Hail! Allan Scott
1944
(17th)
[13]
Wilson Lamar Trotti Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Hail the Conquering Hero Preston Sturges
The Miracle of Morgan's Creek
Two Girls and a Sailor Richard Connell & Gladys Lehman
Wing and a Prayer Jerome Cady
1945
(18th)
[14]
Marie-Louise Richard Schweizer Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Dillinger Philip Yordan
Music for Millions Myles Connolly
Salty O'Rourke Milton Holmes
What Next, Corporal Hargrove? Harry Kurnitz
1946
(19th)
[15]
The Seventh Veil Muriel & Sydney Box Double-dagger-14-plain.png
The Blue Dahlia Raymond Chandler
Children of Paradise Jacques Prévert
Notorious Ben Hecht
Road to Utopia Melvin Frank & Norman Panama
1947
(20th)
[16]
The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer Sidney Sheldon Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Body and Soul Abraham Polonsky
A Double Life Ruth Gordon & Garson Kanin
Monsieur Verdoux Charlie Chaplin
Shoeshine Sergio Amidei , Adolfo Franci , Cesare Giulio Viola & Cesare Zavattini
1948
(21st)
N/A [note 1] [17]
1949
(22nd)
[18]
Battleground Robert Pirosh Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Jolson Sings Again Sidney Buchman
Paisan Sergio Amidei , Federico Fellini , Alfred Hayes , Marcello Pagliero & Roberto Rossellini
Passport to Pimlico T. E. B. Clarke
The Quiet One Helen Levitt , Janice Loeb & Sidney Meyers

1950s

Screenwriter and director Billy Wilder received two awards in this category in collaboration with others--one for Sunset Boulevard and one for The Apartment. Billy Wilder.jpg
Screenwriter and director Billy Wilder received two awards in this category in collaboration with others—one for Sunset Boulevard and one for The Apartment .
Budd Schulberg won for On the Waterfront (1954) Budd Schulberg - 1967.jpg
Budd Schulberg won for On the Waterfront (1954)
YearFilmNominee
1950s
1950
(23rd)
[19]
Sunset Boulevard Charles Brackett , D. M. Marshman Jr. & Billy Wilder Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Adam's Rib Ruth Gordon & Garson Kanin
Caged Virginia Kellogg & Bernard C. Schoenfeld
The Men Carl Foreman
No Way Out Joseph L. Mankiewicz & Lesser Samuels
1951
(24th)
[20]
An American in Paris Alan Jay Lerner Double-dagger-14-plain.png
The Big Carnival Walter Newman , Lesser Samuels & Billy Wilder
David and Bathsheba Philip Dunne
Go for Broke! Robert Pirosh
The Well Clarence Greene & Russell Rouse
1952
(25th)
[21]
The Lavender Hill Mob T. E. B. Clarke Double-dagger-14-plain.png
The Atomic City Sydney Boehm
Breaking the Sound Barrier Terence Rattigan
Pat and Mike Ruth Gordon & Garson Kanin
Viva Zapata! John Steinbeck
1953
(26th)
[22]
Titanic Charles Brackett , Richard L. Breen & Walter Reisch Double-dagger-14-plain.png
The Band Wagon Betty Comden & Adolph Green
The Desert Rats Richard Murphy
The Naked Spur Harold Jack Bloom & Sam Rolfe
Take the High Ground! Millard Kaufman
1954
(27th)
[23]
On the Waterfront Budd Schulberg Double-dagger-14-plain.png
The Barefoot Contessa Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Genevieve William Rose
The Glenn Miller Story Oscar Brodney & Valentine Davies
Knock on Wood Melvin Frank & Norman Panama
1955
(28th)
[24]
Interrupted Melody Sonya Levien & William Ludwig Double-dagger-14-plain.png
The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell Emmet Lavery & Milton Sperling
It's Always Fair Weather Betty Comden & Adolph Green
Mr. Hulot's Holiday Henri Marquet & Jacques Tati
The Seven Little Foys Melville Shavelson & Jack Rose
1956
(29th)
[25]
The Red Balloon Albert Lamorisse Double-dagger-14-plain.png
The Bold and the Brave Robert Lewin
Julie Andrew L. Stone
La Strada Federico Fellini & Tullio Pinelli
The Ladykillers William Rose
1957
(30th)
[26]
Designing Woman George Wells Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Funny Face Leonard Gershe
Man of a Thousand Faces Screenplay: Robert Campbell , Ivan Goff & Ben Roberts ; Story: Ralph Wheelwright
The Tin Star Screenplay: Dudley Nichols ; Story: Joel Kane & Barney Slater
I Vitelloni Screenplay: Federico Fellini & Ennio Flaiano ; Story: Fellini, Flaiano & Tullio Pinelli
1958
(31st)
[27]
The Defiant Ones Nedrick Young & Harold Jacob Smith Double-dagger-14-plain.png [note 2]
The Goddess Paddy Chayefsky
Houseboat Melville Shavelson & Jack Rose
The Sheepman Screenplay: William Bowers & James Edward Grant ; Story: Grant
Teacher's Pet Fay & Michael Kanin
1959
(32nd)
[28]
Pillow Talk Screenplay: Stanley Shapiro & Maurice Richlin ; Story: Clarence Greene & Russell Rouse Double-dagger-14-plain.png
The 400 Blows Marcel Moussy & François Truffaut
North by Northwest Ernest Lehman
Operation Petticoat Screenplay: Shapiro & Richlin; Story: Paul King & Joseph Stone
Wild Strawberries Ingmar Bergman

1960s

William Inge earned this award in 1961 for Splendor in the Grass. LOCInge.jpg
William Inge earned this award in 1961 for Splendor in the Grass .
Claude Lelouch won for A Man and a Woman (1966) Claude Lelouch (1966).jpg
Claude Lelouch won for A Man and a Woman (1966)
William Rose (center right) won for Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1968) Bill and Tania Rose 1944.JPG
William Rose (center right) won for Guess Who's Coming to Dinner (1968)
Mel Brooks won in 1969 for 1968's The Producers. MelBrooksApr10.jpg
Mel Brooks won in 1969 for 1968's The Producers .
William Goldman, winner in 1969 for Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid. William Goldman.jpg
William Goldman, winner in 1969 for Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid .
YearFilmNominee
1960s
1960
(33rd)
[29]
The Apartment I. A. L. Diamond & Billy Wilder Double-dagger-14-plain.png
The Angry Silence Screenplay: Bryan Forbes ; Story: Michael Craig & Richard Gregson
The Facts of Life Melvin Frank & Norman Panama
Hiroshima, Mon Amour Marguerite Duras
Never on Sunday Jules Dassin
1961
(34th)
[30]
Splendor in the Grass William Inge Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Ballad of a Soldier Grigori Chukhrai & Valentin Yoshov
General Della Rovere Sergio Amidei , Diego Fabbi & Indro Montanelli
La Dolce Vita Federico Fellini , Ennio Flaiano , Tullio Pinelli & Brunello Rondi
Lover Come Back Paul Henning & Stanley Shapiro
1962
(35th)
[31]
Divorce Italian Style Ennio de Concini , Pietro Germi & Alfredo Giannetti Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Freud Screenplay: Charles Kaufman & Wolfgang Reinhardt ; Story: Kaufman
Last Year at Marienbad Alain Robbe-Grillet
That Touch of Mink Nate Monaster & Stanley Shapiro
Through a Glass Darkly Ingmar Bergman
1963
(36th)
[32]
How the West Was Won James R. Webb Double-dagger-14-plain.png
America America Elia Kazan
Federico Fellini , Ennio Flaiano , Tullio Pinelli & Brunello Rondi
The Four Days of Naples Screenplay: Carlo Bernari , Pasquale Festa Campanile , Massimo Franciosa & Nanni Loy ; Story: Campanile, Franciosa, Loy & Vasco Pratolini
Love with the Proper Stranger Arnold Schulman
1964
(37th)
[33]
Father Goose Screenplay: Peter Stone & Frank Tarloff ; Story: S. H. BarnettDouble-dagger-14-plain.png
A Hard Day's Night Alun Owen
One Potato, Two Potato Screenplay: Orville H. Hampton ; Story: Raphael Hayes
The Organizer Age , Mario Monicelli & Furio Scarpelli
That Man from Rio Daniel Boulanger , Philippe de Broca , Ariane Mnouchkine & Jean-Paul Rappeneau
1965
(38th)
[34]
Darling Frederic Raphael Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Casanova 70 Age , Suso Cecchi d'Amico , Tonino Guerra , Mario Monicelli , Giorgio Salvioni & Furio Scarpelli
Those Magnificent Men in their Flying Machines Ken Annakin & Jack Davies
The Train Franklin Coen & Frank Davis
The Umbrellas of Cherbourg Jacques Demy
1966
(39th)
[35]
A Man and a Woman Screenplay: Claude Lelouch & Pierre Uytterhoeven ; Story: LelouchDouble-dagger-14-plain.png
Blowup Screenplay: Michelangelo Antonioni , Edward Bond & Tonino Guerra ; Story: Antonioni
The Fortune Cookie I. A. L. Diamond & Billy Wilder
Khartoum Robert Ardrey
The Naked Prey Clint Johnston & Don Peters
1967
(40th)
[36]
Guess Who's Coming to Dinner William Rose Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Bonnie and Clyde Robert Benton & David Newman
Divorce American Style Screenplay: Norman Lear ; Story: Robert Kaufman
La Guerre Est Finie Jorge Semprún
Two for the Road Frederic Raphael
1968
(41st)
[37]
The Producers Mel Brooks Double-dagger-14-plain.png
The Battle of Algiers Gillo Pontecorvo & Franco Solinas
Faces John Cassavetes
Hot Millions Peter Ustinov & Ira Wallach
2001: A Space Odyssey Arthur C. Clarke & Stanley Kubrick
1969
(42nd)
[38]
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid William Goldman Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice Paul Mazursky & Larry Tucker
The Damned Screenplay: Nicola Badalucco , Enrico Medioli & Luchino Visconti ; Story: Badalucco
Easy Rider Peter Fonda , Dennis Hopper & Terry Southern
The Wild Bunch Screenplay: Walon Green & Sam Peckinpah ; Story: Green & Roy N. Sickner

1970s

Francis Ford Coppola, co-winner of the 1970 award for Patton. Francis Ford Coppola 2011 CC.jpg
Francis Ford Coppola, co-winner of the 1970 award for Patton .
Paddy Chayefsky garnered two solo wins The Hospital (1971) and Network (1976) Paddy Chayefsky NYWTS edited (2).jpg
Paddy Chayefsky garnered two solo wins The Hospital (1971) and Network (1976)
The screenwriter of Chinatown, Robert Towne, received this award. Robert Towne 1 3.jpg
The screenwriter of Chinatown , Robert Towne, received this award.
Woody Allen earned three Original Screenplay Oscars, for Annie Hall (along with Marshall Brickman), Hannah and Her Sisters, and Midnight in Paris. He has received sixteen nominations total, the most of any writer. Woody Allen Cannes 2015.jpg
Woody Allen earned three Original Screenplay Oscars, for Annie Hall (along with Marshall Brickman), Hannah and Her Sisters , and Midnight in Paris . He has received sixteen nominations total, the most of any writer.
Steve Tesich received the award in 1979 for Breaking Away. Steve Tesich 001.jpg
Steve Tesich received the award in 1979 for Breaking Away .
YearFilmNominees
1970s
1970
(43rd)
[39]
Patton Francis Ford Coppola & Edmund H. North Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Five Easy Pieces Screenplay: Carole Eastman ; Story: Eastman & Bob Rafelson
Joe Norman Wexler
Love Story Erich Segal
My Night at Maud's Éric Rohmer
1971
(44th)
[40]
The Hospital Paddy Chayefsky Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Investigation of a Citizen Above Suspicion Elio Petri & Ugo Pirro
Klute Andy & David Lewis
Summer of '42 Herman Raucher
Sunday Bloody Sunday Penelope Gilliatt
1972
(45th)
[41]
The Candidate Jeremy Larner Double-dagger-14-plain.png
The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie Screenplay & Story: Luis Buñuel ; Collaboration: Jean-Claude Carrière
Lady Sings the Blues Chris Clark , Suzanne de Passe & Terrence McCloy
Murmur of the Heart Louis Malle
Young Winston Carl Foreman
1973
(46th)
[42]
The Sting David S. Ward Double-dagger-14-plain.png
American Graffiti Willard Huyck , George Lucas & Gloria Katz
Cries and Whispers Ingmar Bergman
Save the Tiger Steve Shagan
A Touch of Class Melvin Frank & Jack Rose
1974
(47th)
[43]
Chinatown Robert Towne Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore Robert Getchell
The Conversation Francis Ford Coppola
Day for Night Jean-Louis Richard , Suzanne Schiffman & François Truffaut
Harry and Tonto Josh Greenfeld & Paul Mazursky
1975
(48th)
[44]
Dog Day Afternoon Frank Pierson Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Amarcord Federico Fellini & Tonino Guerra
And Now My Love Claude Lelouch & Pierre Uytterhoeven
Lies My Father Told Me Ted Allan
Shampoo Robert Towne & Warren Beatty
1976
(49th)
[45]
Network Paddy Chayefsky Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Cousin, Cousine Screenplay & Story: Jean-Charles Tacchella Adaptation: Daniele Thompson
The Front Walter Bernstein
Rocky Sylvester Stallone
Seven Beauties Lina Wertmüller
1977
(50th)
[46]
Annie Hall Woody Allen & Marshall Brickman
The Goodbye Girl Neil Simon
The Late Show Robert Benton
Star Wars George Lucas
The Turning Point Arthur Laurents
1978
(51st)
[47]
Coming Home Screenplay: Robert C. Jones Double-dagger-14-plain.png & Waldo Salt ; Story: Nancy Dowd Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Autumn Sonata Ingmar Bergman
The Deer Hunter Screenplay: Deric Washburn ; Story: Michael Cimino , Louis Garfinkle, Quinn Redeker & Washburn
Interiors Woody Allen
An Unmarried Woman Paul Mazursky
1979
(52nd)
[48]
Breaking Away Steve Tesich Double-dagger-14-plain.png
All That Jazz Robert Alan Aurthur & Bob Fosse
...And Justice for All. Valerie Curtin & Barry Levinson
The China Syndrome James Bridges , T. S. Cook & Mike Gray
Manhattan Woody Allen & Marshall Brickman

1980s

Bo Goldman (left) won in 1981 for 1980's Melvin and Howard. Goldman bo.jpg
Bo Goldman (left) won in 1981 for 1980's Melvin and Howard .
John Patrick Shanley, winner of this award for the 1987 romantic comedy Moonstruck. An Evening With John Patrick Shanley (16890409746).jpg
John Patrick Shanley, winner of this award for the 1987 romantic comedy Moonstruck .
YearFilmNominees
1980s
1980
(53rd)
[49]
Melvin and Howard Bo Goldman Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Brubaker Screenplay: W. D. Richter ; Story: Richter & Arthur A. Ross
Fame Christopher Gore
Mon oncle d'Amérique Jean Gruault
Private Benjamin Nancy Meyers , Harvey Miller & Charles Shyer
1981
(54th)
[50]
Chariots of Fire Colin Welland Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Absence of Malice Kurt Luedtke
Arthur Steve Gordon
Atlantic City John Guare
Reds Trevor Griffiths & Warren Beatty
1982
(55th)
[51]
Gandhi John Briley Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Diner Barry Levinson
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial Melissa Mathison
An Officer and a Gentleman Douglas Day Stewart
Tootsie Screenplay: Larry Gelbart & Murray Schisgal ; Story: Gelbart & Don McGuire
1983
(56th)
[52]
Tender Mercies Horton Foote Double-dagger-14-plain.png
The Big Chill Barbara Benedek & Lawrence Kasdan
Fanny and Alexander Ingmar Bergman
Silkwood Alice Arlen & Nora Ephron
WarGames Lawrence Lasker & Walter Parkes
1984
(57th)
[53]
Places in the Heart Robert Benton Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Beverly Hills Cop Screenplay: Daniel Petrie Jr. ; Story: Danilo Bach & Petrie
Broadway Danny Rose Woody Allen
El Norte Gregory Nava & Anna Thomas
Splash Screenplay: Bruce Jay Friedman , Lowell Ganz & Babaloo Mandel ; Story: Friedman & Brian Grazer
1985
(58th)
[54]
Witness Screenplay: William Kelley & Earl W. Wallace ; Story: Kelley, E. Wallace & Pamela Wallace Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Back to the Future Bob Gale & Robert Zemeckis
Brazil Terry Gilliam , Charles McKeown & Tom Stoppard
The Official Story Aída Bortnik & Luis Puenzo
The Purple Rose of Cairo Woody Allen
1986
(59th)
[55]
Hannah and Her Sisters Woody Allen Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Crocodile Dundee Screenplay: John Cornell , Paul Hogan & Ken Shadie ; Story: Hogan
My Beautiful Laundrette Hanif Kureishi
Platoon Oliver Stone
Salvador Richard Boyle & Stone
1987
(60th)
[56]
Moonstruck John Patrick Shanley Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Au Revoir Les Enfants (Goodbye, Children) Louis Malle
Broadcast News James L. Brooks
Hope and Glory John Boorman
Radio Days Woody Allen
1988
(61st)
[57]
Rain Man Screenplay: Ronald Bass & Barry Morrow ; Story: Morrow Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Big Gary Ross & Anne Spielberg
Bull Durham Ron Shelton
A Fish Called Wanda Screenplay: John Cleese ; Story: Cleese & Charles Crichton
Running on Empty Naomi Foner Gyllenhaal
1989
(62nd)
[58]
Dead Poets Society Tom Schulman Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Crimes and Misdemeanors Woody Allen
Do the Right Thing Spike Lee
Sex, Lies, and Videotape Steven Soderbergh
When Harry Met Sally... Nora Ephron

1990s

Jane Campion won for The Piano in 1993. Jane Campion Cannes 2014 2.jpg
Jane Campion won for The Piano in 1993.
Quentin Tarantino won twice for Pulp Fiction (1994), and Django Unchained (2012) Quentin Tarantino by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Quentin Tarantino won twice for Pulp Fiction (1994), and Django Unchained (2012)
Writer-director pair the Coen brothers won for Fargo (1996) Coen brothers Cannes 2015 2 (CROPPED).jpg
Writer-director pair the Coen brothers won for Fargo (1996)
Ben Affleck, co-winner for Good Will Hunting (1997) Ben Affleck by Gage Skidmore 3.jpg
Ben Affleck, co-winner for Good Will Hunting (1997)
Matt Damon also received the award for Good Will Hunting. Matt Damon TIFF 2015.jpg
Matt Damon also received the award for Good Will Hunting.
YearFilmNominees
1990s
1990
(63rd)
[59]
Ghost Bruce Joel Rubin Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Alice Woody Allen
Avalon Barry Levinson
Green Card Peter Weir
Metropolitan Whit Stillman
1991
(64th)
[60]
Thelma & Louise Callie Khouri Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Boyz n the Hood John Singleton
Bugsy James Toback
The Fisher King Richard LaGravenese
Grand Canyon Lawrence & Meg Kasdan
1992
(65th)
[61]
The Crying Game Neil Jordan Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Husbands and Wives Woody Allen
Lorenzo's Oil Nick Enright & George Miller
Passion Fish John Sayles
Unforgiven David Peoples
1993
(66th)
[62]
The Piano Jane Campion Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Dave Gary Ross
In the Line of Fire Jeff Maguire
Philadelphia Ron Nyswaner
Sleepless in Seattle Screenplay: Jeff Arch, Nora Ephron & David S. Ward ; Story: Arch
1994
(67th)
[63]
Pulp Fiction Screenplay: Quentin Tarantino ; Story: Roger Avary & Tarantino Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Bullets over Broadway Woody Allen & Douglas McGrath
Four Weddings and a Funeral Richard Curtis
Heavenly Creatures Peter Jackson & Frances Walsh
Three Colours: Red Krzysztof Kieślowski & Krzysztof Piesiewicz
1995
(68th)
[64]
The Usual Suspects Christopher McQuarrie Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Braveheart Randall Wallace
Mighty Aphrodite Woody Allen
Nixon Stephen J. Rivele, Oliver Stone & Christopher Wilkinson
Toy Story Screenplay: Joel Cohen , Alec Sokolow , Andrew Stanton & Joss Whedon ; Story: Pete Docter , John Lasseter , Joe Ranft & Stanton
1996
(69th)
[65]
Fargo Coen Brothers Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Jerry Maguire Cameron Crowe
Lone Star John Sayles
Secrets & Lies Mike Leigh
Shine Screenplay: Jan Sardi ; Story: Scott Hicks
1997
(70th)
[66]
Good Will Hunting Ben Affleck & Matt Damon Double-dagger-14-plain.png
As Good as It Gets Screenplay: Mark Andrus & James L. Brooks ; Story: Andrus
Boogie Nights Paul Thomas Anderson
Deconstructing Harry Woody Allen
The Full Monty Simon Beaufoy
1998
(71st)
[67]
Shakespeare in Love Marc Norman & Tom Stoppard Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Bulworth Screenplay: Warren Beatty & Jeremy Pikser ; Story: Beatty
Life Is Beautiful Roberto Benigni & Vincenzo Cerami
Saving Private Ryan Robert Rodat
The Truman Show Andrew Niccol
1999
(72nd)
[68]
American Beauty Alan Ball Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Being John Malkovich Charlie Kaufman
Magnolia Paul Thomas Anderson
The Sixth Sense M. Night Shyamalan
Topsy-Turvy Mike Leigh

2000s

Pedro Almodovar won for Talk to Her (2002) Pedro Almodovar at Premios Goya 2017 1 (cropped 3).jpg
Pedro Almodóvar won for Talk to Her (2002)
Sofia Coppola won for 2003's Lost in Translation. Sofia Coppola Cannes 2014.jpg
Sofia Coppola won for 2003's Lost in Translation .
Charlie Kaufman won for Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004) Charlie Kaufman Fantastic Fest 2015-0257 (27441349145) (cropped).jpg
Charlie Kaufman won for Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind (2004)
Diablo Cody won for 2007's Juno. Diablo Cody2.jpg
Diablo Cody won for 2007's Juno .
Dustin Lance Black won for 2008's Milk. Dustin Lance Black at the 81st Academy Awards.jpg
Dustin Lance Black won for 2008's Milk .
YearFilmNominees
2000s
2000
(73rd)
[69]
Almost Famous Cameron Crowe Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Billy Elliot Lee Hall
Erin Brockovich Susannah Grant
Gladiator Screenplay: David Franzoni , John Logan & William Nicholson ; Story: Franzoni
You Can Count On Me Kenneth Lonergan
2001
(74th)
[70]
Gosford Park Julian Fellowes Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Amélie Screenplay: Jean-Pierre Jeunet & Guillaume Laurant; Dialogue: Laurant
Memento Screenplay: Christopher Nolan ; Story: Jonathan Nolan
Monster's Ball Milo Addica & Will Rokos
The Royal Tenenbaums Wes Anderson & Owen Wilson
2002
(75th)
[71]
Talk to Her Pedro Almodóvar Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Far from Heaven Todd Haynes
Gangs of New York Screenplay: Jay Cocks , Kenneth Lonergan & Steven Zaillian ; Story: Cocks
My Big Fat Greek Wedding Nia Vardalos
Y Tu Mamá También Alfonso & Carlos Cuarón
2003
(76th)
[72]
Lost in Translation Sofia Coppola Double-dagger-14-plain.png
The Barbarian Invasions Denys Arcand
Dirty Pretty Things Steven Knight
Finding Nemo Screenplay: Bob Peterson , David Reynolds & Andrew Stanton ; Story: Stanton
In America Jim , Kirsten & Naomi Sheridan
2004
(77th)
[73]
Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind Screenplay: Charlie Kaufman ; Story: Pierre Bismuth , Michel Gondry & Kaufman Double-dagger-14-plain.png
The Aviator John Logan
Hotel Rwanda Terry George & Keir Pearson
The Incredibles Brad Bird
Vera Drake Mike Leigh
2005
(78th)
[74]
Crash Screenplay: Paul Haggis & Bobby Moresco ; Story: Haggis Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Good Night, and Good Luck . George Clooney & Grant Heslov
Match Point Woody Allen
The Squid and the Whale Noah Baumbach
Syriana Stephen Gaghan
2006
(79th)
[75]
Little Miss Sunshine Michael Arndt Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Babel Guillermo Arriaga
Letters from Iwo Jima Screenplay: Iris Yamashita ; Story: Paul Haggis & Yamashita
Pan's Labyrinth Guillermo del Toro
The Queen Peter Morgan
2007
(80th)
[76]
Juno Diablo Cody Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Lars and the Real Girl Nancy Oliver
Michael Clayton Tony Gilroy
Ratatouille Screenplay: Brad Bird ; Story: Bird, Jim Capobianco & Jan Pinkava
The Savages Tamara Jenkins
2008
(81st)
[77]
Milk Dustin Lance Black Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Frozen River Courtney Hunt
Happy-Go-Lucky Mike Leigh
In Bruges Martin McDonagh
WALL-E Screenplay: Pete Docter , Jim Reardon & Andrew Stanton ; Story: Stanton
2009
(82nd)
[78]
The Hurt Locker Mark Boal Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Inglourious Basterds Quentin Tarantino
The Messenger Alessandro Camon & Oren Moverman
A Serious Man Coen Brothers
Up Screenplay: Pete Docter , Tom McCarthy & Bob Peterson ; Story: Docter & Peterson

2010s

Spike Jonze won for 2013's Her. Spike Jonze Her Premiere NYFF 2013 (cropped).jpg
Spike Jonze won for 2013's Her .
Tom McCarthy won for Spotlight (2015) Tom McCarthy (cropped).jpg
Tom McCarthy won for Spotlight (2015)
Kenneth Lonergan won for Manchester by the Sea (2016). Kenneth Lonergan Viennale 2016 opening 4 (cropped).jpg
Kenneth Lonergan won for Manchester by the Sea (2016).
Jordan Peele became the first African-American to win with Get Out (2017) Jordan Peele Peabody 2014 (cropped).jpg
Jordan Peele became the first African-American to win with Get Out (2017)
Bong Joon-ho became the first South Korean Oscar winner for Parasite (2019), co-written with Han Jin-won. Bong Joon-ho 2017.jpg
Bong Joon-ho became the first South Korean Oscar winner for Parasite (2019), co-written with Han Jin-won.
YearFilmNominees
2010s
2010
(83rd)
[79]
The King's Speech David Seidler Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Another Year Mike Leigh
The Fighter Screenplay: Eric Johnson, Scott Silver & Paul Tamasy; Story: Keith Dorrington, Johnson & Tamasy
Inception Christopher Nolan
The Kids Are All Right Stuart Blumberg & Lisa Cholodenko
2011
(84th)
[80]
Midnight in Paris Woody Allen Double-dagger-14-plain.png
The Artist Michel Hazanavicius
Bridesmaids Annie Mumolo & Kristen Wiig
Margin Call J. C. Chandor
A Separation Asghar Farhadi
2012
(85th)
[81]
Django Unchained Quentin Tarantino Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Amour Michael Haneke
Flight John Gatins
Moonrise Kingdom Wes Anderson & Roman Coppola
Zero Dark Thirty Mark Boal
2013
(86th)
[82]
Her Spike Jonze Double-dagger-14-plain.png
American Hustle David O. Russell & Eric Warren Singer
Blue Jasmine Woody Allen
Dallas Buyers Club Craig Borten & Melisa Wallack
Nebraska Bob Nelson
2014
(87th)
[83]
Birdman Armando Bo , Alexander Dinelaris Jr. , Nicolás Giacobone & Alejandro G. Iñárritu Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Boyhood Richard Linklater
Foxcatcher E. Max Frye & Dan Futterman
The Grand Budapest Hotel Screenplay: Wes Anderson ; Story: Anderson & Hugo Guinness
Nightcrawler Dan Gilroy
2015
(88th)
[84]
Spotlight Tom McCarthy & Josh Singer Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Bridge of Spies Matt Charman & Coen Brothers
Ex Machina Alex Garland
Inside Out Screenplay: Josh Cooley , Pete Docter & Meg LeFauve ; Story: Ronnie del Carmen & Docter
Straight Outta Compton Screenplay: Andrea Berloff & Jonathan Herman ; Story: Berloff, S. Leigh Savidge & Alan Wenkus
2016
(89th)
[85]
Manchester by the Sea Kenneth Lonergan Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Hell or High Water Taylor Sheridan
La La Land Damien Chazelle
The Lobster Efthimis Filippou & Yorgos Lanthimos
20th Century Women Mike Mills
2017
(90th)
[86]
Get Out Jordan Peele Double-dagger-14-plain.png
The Big Sick Emily V. Gordon & Kumail Nanjiani
Lady Bird Greta Gerwig
The Shape of Water Screenplay: Guillermo del Toro & Vanessa Taylor ; Story: del Toro
Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri Martin McDonagh
2018
(91st)
[87]
Green Book Brian Currie, Peter Farrelly & Nick Vallelonga Double-dagger-14-plain.png
The Favourite Deborah Davis & Tony McNamara
First Reformed Paul Schrader
Roma Alfonso Cuarón
Vice Adam McKay
2019
(92nd)
[88]
Parasite Screenplay: Bong Joon-ho & Han Jin-won ; Story: BongDouble-dagger-14-plain.png
Knives Out Rian Johnson
Marriage Story Noah Baumbach
1917 Sam Mendes & Krysty Wilson-Cairns
Once Upon a Time in Hollywood Quentin Tarantino

Multiple wins and nominations

Age superlatives

RecordWriterFilmAge (in years)Ref.
Oldest winner Woody Allen Midnight in Paris 76 [89]
Oldest nominee Blue Jasmine 78
Youngest winner Ben Affleck Good Will Hunting 25 [90]
Youngest nominee John Singleton Boyz n the Hood 24 [91]

Diversity of nominees/winners

Asian nominees/winners
YearNameCountryFilmStatus
1986 Hanif Kureishi Flag of the United Kingdom.svg / Flag of Pakistan.svg My Beautiful Laundrette Nominated
1999 M. Night Shyamalan Flag of the United States.svg / Flag of India.svg The Sixth Sense Nominated
2006 Iris Yamashita Flag of the United States.svg / Flag of Japan.svg Letters from Iwo Jima Nominated
2012 Asghar Farhadi Flag of Iran.svg A Separation Nominated
2015 Ronnie del Carmen Flag of the Philippines.svg Inside Out Nominated
2017
(90th)
Kumail Nanjiani Flag of Pakistan.svg The Big Sick Nominated
2019
(92nd)
Bong Joon Ho
Han Jin-won
Flag of South Korea.svg Parasite Won
Black nominees/winners
YearNameCountryFilmStatus
1972 Suzanne de Passe
Flag of the United States.svg
Lady Sings the Blues Nominated
1989 Spike Lee Do the Right Thing Nominated
1991 John Singleton Boyz n the Hood Nominated
2017 Jordan Peele Get Out Won
Latin American nominees/winners
YearNameCountryFilmStatus
1985
(58th)
Aída Bortnik
Luis Puenzo
Flag of Argentina.svg
The Official Story Nominated
2002
(75th)
Alfonso Cuarón
Carlos Cuarón
Flag of Mexico.svg
Y Tu Mamá También Nominated
2006
(79th)
Guillermo Arriaga Babel Nominated
Guillermo del Toro Pan's Labyrinth Nominated
2014
(87th)
Armando Bó
Nicolás Giacobone
Alejandro González Iñárritu
Flag of Argentina.svg
Flag of Argentina.svg
Flag of Mexico.svg
Birdman Won
2017
(90th)
Guillermo del Toro
Flag of Mexico.svg
The Shape of Water Nominated
2018
(91st)
Alfonso Cuarón Roma Nominated
LGBT nominees/winners
YearNameFilmStatusRef.
1942 Noël Coward In Which We Serve Nominated [92]
George Oppenheimer The War Against Mrs. Hadley Nominated
1952 Terence Rattigan The Sound Barrier Nominated
1961 William Inge Splendor in the Grass Won [93]
1965 Jacques Demy The Umbrellas of Cherbourg Nominated
1968 Arthur C. Clarke 2001: A Space Odyssey Nominated [94]
1969 Luchino Visconti The Damned Nominated [95]
1977 Arthur Laurents The Turning Point Nominated [96]
1979 James Bridges The China Syndrome Nominated [92]
1993 Ron Nyswaner Philadelphia Nominated [97]
1999 Alan Ball American Beauty Won
2000 John Logan Gladiator Nominated
2002 Pedro Almodóvar Talk to Her Won
Todd Haynes Far from Heaven Nominated [98]
2004 John Logan The Aviator Nominated
2008 Dustin Lance Black Milk Won [99]
2010 Lisa Cholodenko The Kids Are All Right Nominated [100]
2015 Jonathan Herman Straight Outta Compton Nominated [101]

See also

Notes

  1. Best Original Screenplay was consolidated in 1948 for a singular Best Screenplay award. The winner was The Treasure of the Sierra Madre , adapted from the novel of same name.
  2. In 1958, Nedrick Young was blacklisted and writing under the pseudonym Nathan E. Douglas. The Academy's Board of Governors voted in 1993 to restore Young's nomination and award.

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