Academy Award for Best Director

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Academy Award for Best Director
Alfonso Cuaron (2013) cropped.jpg
Current recipient: Alfonso Cuarón
Awarded forExcellence in Cinematic Direction Achievement
Country United States
Presented by Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS)
First awarded 1929 (for direction in films released during the 1927/1928 film season)
Currently held by Alfonso Cuarón
Roma (2018)
Website oscars.org

The Academy Award for Best Director (officially known as the Academy Award of Merit for Directing) is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). It is given in honor of a film director who has exhibited outstanding directing while working in the film industry.

Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences honorary organization of film professionals

The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences is a professional honorary organization with the stated goal of advancing the arts and sciences of motion pictures. The Academy's corporate management and general policies are overseen by a Board of Governors, which includes representatives from each of the craft branches.

Film director Person who controls the artistic and dramatic aspects of a film production

A film director is a person who directs the making of a film. A film director controls a film's artistic and dramatic aspects and visualizes the screenplay while guiding the technical crew and actors in the fulfilment of that vision. The director has a key role in choosing the cast members, production design, and the creative aspects of filmmaking. Under European Union law, the director is viewed as the author of the film.

Film industry technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking

The film industry or motion picture industry, comprises the technological and commercial institutions of filmmaking, i.e., film production companies, film studios, cinematography, animation, film production, screenwriting, pre-production, post production, film festivals, distribution and actors, film directors and other film crew personnel. Though the expense involved in making films almost immediately led film production to concentrate under the auspices of standing production companies, advances in affordable film making equipment, and expansion of opportunities to acquire investment capital from outside the film industry itself, have allowed independent film production to evolve.

Contents

The 1st Academy Awards ceremony was held in 1929 with the award being split into "Dramatic" and "Comedy" categories; Frank Borzage and Lewis Milestone won for 7th Heaven and Two Arabian Knights , respectively. [1] However, these categories were merged for all subsequent ceremonies. [2] Nominees are determined by single transferable vote within the directors branch of AMPAS; winners are selected by a plurality vote from the entire eligible voting members of the Academy. [3] [4] [5]

1st Academy Awards 1929 awards ceremony

The 1st Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 1927 and 1928 and took place on May 16, 1929, at a private dinner held at the Hollywood Roosevelt Hotel in Los Angeles, California. AMPAS president Douglas Fairbanks hosted the show. Tickets cost $5, 270 people attended the event and the presentation ceremony lasted 15 minutes. Awards were created by Louis B. Mayer, founder of Louis B. Mayer Pictures Corporation. It is the only Academy Awards ceremony not to be broadcast either on radio or television. The radio broadcast was introduced the following year in 1930.

Frank Borzage American film director and actor

Frank Borzage was an Academy Award-winning American film director and actor, most remembered for directing 7th Heaven (1927), Street Angel (1928), Bad Girl (1931), Man's Castle (1933), The Mortal Storm (1940) and Moonrise (1948).

Lewis Milestone Russian-American film director

Lewis Milestone was a Russian-born American motion picture director. He is known for directing Two Arabian Knights (1927) and All Quiet on the Western Front (1930), both of which received Academy Awards for Best Director. He also directed The Front Page, The General Died at Dawn (1936), Of Mice and Men (1939), Ocean's 11 (1960), and received the directing credit for Mutiny on the Bounty (1962), though Marlon Brando largely appropriated his responsibilities during its production.

For the first eleven years of the Academy Awards, directors were allowed to be nominated for multiple films in the same year. However, after the nomination of Michael Curtiz for two films, Angels with Dirty Faces and Four Daughters , at the 11th Academy Awards, the rules were revised so that an individual could only be nominated for one film at each ceremony. [6] That rule has since been amended, although the only director who has received multiple nominations in the same year was Steven Soderbergh for Erin Brockovich and Traffic in 2000, winning the award for the latter. The Academy Awards for Best Director and Best Picture have been very closely linked throughout their history. Of the 91 films that have been awarded Best Picture, 65 have also been awarded Best Director. [7]

Michael Curtiz American director

Michael Curtiz was a Hungarian-born American film director, recognized as one of the most prolific directors in history. He directed classic films from the silent era and numerous others during Hollywood's Golden Age, when the studio system was prevalent.

<i>Angels with Dirty Faces</i> 1938 American gangster film

Angels with Dirty Faces is a 1938 American gangster film directed by Michael Curtiz for Warner Brothers. It stars James Cagney, Pat O'Brien, The Dead End Kids, Humphrey Bogart, Ann Sheridan, and George Bancroft. The screenplay was written by John Wexley and Warren Duff based on the story by Rowland Brown. The film chronicles the fictional rise and fall of the notorious gangster William "Rocky" Sullivan. After spending fifteen years in prison for armed robbery, Rocky intends to collect $100,000 from his co-conspirator, mob lawyer Jim Frazier. All the while, Father Jerry Connolly tries to prevent a group of youths from falling under Rocky's influence.

<i>Four Daughters</i> 1938 film by Michael Curtiz

Four Daughters is a 1938 American musical drama film that tells the story of a happy musical family whose lives and loves are disrupted by the arrival of a cynical young composer who interjects himself into the daughters' romantic lives. The movie stars the Lane Sisters and Gale Page, and features Claude Rains, Jeffrey Lynn, John Garfield, and Dick Foran. The three Lanes were sisters and members of a family singing trio.

Since its inception, the award has been given to 71 directors or directing teams. John Ford has received the most awards in this category with four. William Wyler was nominated on twelve occasions, more than any other individual. Damien Chazelle became the youngest director in history to receive this award, at the age of 32 for his work on La La Land . John Singleton became the youngest director to be nominated for this award, at age 24 for his work on Boyz n the Hood. Two directing teams have shared the award; Robert Wise and Jerome Robbins for West Side Story in 1961 and Joel and Ethan Coen for No Country for Old Men in 2007. The Coen brothers are the only siblings to have won the award. [8] Kathryn Bigelow is the only woman to have won the award, for 2009's The Hurt Locker . As of the 2019 ceremony, Alfonso Cuarón is the most recent winner in this category for his work on Roma .

John Ford American film director

John Ford was an American film director. He is renowned both for Westerns such as Stagecoach (1939), The Searchers (1956), and The Man Who Shot Liberty Valance (1962), as well as adaptations of classic 20th-century American novels such as the film The Grapes of Wrath (1940). His four Academy Awards for Best Director remain a record. One of the films for which he won the award, How Green Was My Valley, also won Best Picture.

William Wyler American film director, producer and screenwriter

William Wyler was an American film director, producer and screenwriter. Notable works include Ben-Hur (1959), The Best Years of Our Lives (1946), and Mrs. Miniver (1942), all of which won Academy Awards for Best Director, as well as Best Picture in their respective years, making him the only director of three Best Picture winners as of 2019. Wyler received his first Oscar nomination for directing Dodsworth in 1936, starring Walter Huston, Ruth Chatterton and Mary Astor, "sparking a 20-year run of almost unbroken greatness."

Damien Chazelle French-American director and screenwriter

Damien Sayre Chazelle is a French-American director, film producer, and screenwriter, best known for his films Whiplash (2014), La La Land (2016), and First Man (2018). For La La Land he received several accolades, including the Golden Globe Award and the Academy Award for Best Director, the youngest person to win both awards.

Winners and nominees

In the following table, the years are listed as per Academy convention, and generally correspond to the year of film release in Los Angeles County, California; the ceremonies are always held the following year. [9] For the first five ceremonies, the eligibility period spanned twelve months from August 1 to July 31. [10] For the 6th ceremony held in 1934, the eligibility period lasted from August 1, 1932, to December 31, 1933. [10] Since the 7th ceremony held in 1935, the period of eligibility became the full previous calendar year from January 1 to December 31. [10]

Los Angeles County, California County in California, United States

Los Angeles County, officially the County of Los Angeles, in the Los Angeles metropolitan area of the U.S. state of California, is the most populous county in the United States, with more than 10 million inhabitants as of 2018. As such, it is the largest non–state level government entity in the United States. Its population is larger than that of 41 individual U.S. states. It is the third-largest metropolitan economy in the world, with a Nominal GDP of over $700 billion—larger than the GDPs of Belgium, Norway, and Taiwan. It has 88 incorporated cities and many unincorporated areas and, at 4,083 square miles (10,570 km2), it is larger than the combined areas of Delaware and Rhode Island. The county is home to more than one-quarter of California residents and is one of the most ethnically-diverse counties in the U.S. Its county seat, Los Angeles, is also California's most populous city and the second most populous city in the U.S., with about 4 million residents.

California State of the United States of America

California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents across a total area of about 163,696 square miles (423,970 km2), California is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento. The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second- and fifth-most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 9.7 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, and the country's second-most populous, after New York City. California also has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York City and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs.

The 7th Academy Awards, honoring the best in film for 1934, was held on February 27, 1935, at the Biltmore Hotel in Los Angeles, California. They were hosted by Irvin S. Cobb.

Table key
  indicates the winner
Double-dagger-14-plain.png Indicates the winner of Best Picture
Frank Borzage won in the "Dramatic" category at the first ceremony and later received a second award for Bad Girl. Frank Borzage 001.JPG
Frank Borzage won in the "Dramatic" category at the first ceremony and later received a second award for Bad Girl .
Lewis Milestone won in the "Comedy" category at the first ceremony and later received a second award for All Quiet on the Western Front. Milestone1.jpg
Lewis Milestone won in the "Comedy" category at the first ceremony and later received a second award for All Quiet on the Western Front .
Frank Lloyd won two awards in this category for The Divine Lady and Cavalcade. Frank Lloyd, Boxoffice Barometer, 1939.jpg
Frank Lloyd won two awards in this category for The Divine Lady and Cavalcade .
Frank Capra won three awards in this category, for It Happened One Night, Mr. Deeds Goes to Town, and You Can't Take It with You. Frank Capra.jpg
Frank Capra won three awards in this category, for It Happened One Night , Mr. Deeds Goes to Town , and You Can't Take It with You .
John Ford has the most Best Director wins with four, winning in 1935, 1940, 1941, and 1952. John Ford 1946.jpg
John Ford has the most Best Director wins with four, winning in 1935, 1940, 1941, and 1952.
William Wyler has the most nominations with twelve, winning in 1942, 1946, and 1959. William Wyler portrait.jpg
William Wyler has the most nominations with twelve, winning in 1942, 1946, and 1959.
Michael Curtiz won for directing Casablanca. Curtiz 1928 portrait.jpg
Michael Curtiz won for directing Casablanca .
Billy Wilder (right) was nominated eight times, winning twice. Gloria Swanson & Billy Wilder - ca. 1950.JPG
Billy Wilder (right) was nominated eight times, winning twice.
Elia Kazan won in 1947 for Gentleman's Agreement and again in 1954 for On the Waterfront. Elia Kazan.JPG
Elia Kazan won in 1947 for Gentleman's Agreement and again in 1954 for On the Waterfront .
John Huston received the award in 1948 for The Treasure of the Sierra Madre. John Huston - publicity.JPG
John Huston received the award in 1948 for The Treasure of the Sierra Madre .
George Stevens won twice, five years apart, for A Place in the Sun and Giant. George Stevens with Oscar for Giant.jpg
George Stevens won twice, five years apart, for A Place in the Sun and Giant .
Fred Zinnemann received two awards (for From Here to Eternity and A Man for All Seasons). Fred Zinnemann 1940s.jpg
Fred Zinnemann received two awards (for From Here to Eternity and A Man for All Seasons ).
David Lean won for The Bridge on the River Kwai and Lawrence of Arabia and was nominated for five other films. DavidLean1965.jpg
David Lean won for The Bridge on the River Kwai and Lawrence of Arabia and was nominated for five other films.
Robert Wise earned two awards in this category, co-winning for West Side Story and winning for The Sound of Music. Robert wise 1990.jpg
Robert Wise earned two awards in this category, co-winning for West Side Story and winning for The Sound of Music .
Jerome Robbins won once in this category, co-winning for West Side Story. Jerome Robbins ca. 1968 cropped.jpg
Jerome Robbins won once in this category, co-winning for West Side Story .
George Cukor won in 1964 for My Fair Lady. George Cukor - 1946.jpg
George Cukor won in 1964 for My Fair Lady .
Mike Nichols won for 1967's The Graduate. Still portrait Mike Nichols.jpg
Mike Nichols won for 1967's The Graduate .
William Friedkin won in 1971 for The French Connection. William Friedkin.jpg
William Friedkin won in 1971 for The French Connection .
Francis Ford Coppola earned the award for The Godfather Part II. Francis Ford Coppola -1976.jpg
Francis Ford Coppola earned the award for The Godfather Part II .
Milos Forman won for both 1975's One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and 1984's Amadeus. Milos Forman (Reykjavik, 2009) (cropped).jpg
Miloš Forman won for both 1975's One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest and 1984's Amadeus .
Woody Allen received seven nominations in the category, winning only once (for Annie Hall). Woody Allen (2006).jpeg
Woody Allen received seven nominations in the category, winning only once (for Annie Hall ).
Robert Redford won for Ordinary People. Robert Redford (cropped).jpg
Robert Redford won for Ordinary People .
Warren Beatty won in 1981 for directing Reds. Warren Beatty - 1975.JPG
Warren Beatty won in 1981 for directing Reds .
Richard Attenborough won in 1982 for his epic biopic, Gandhi. RichardAttenborough07TIFF.jpg
Richard Attenborough won in 1982 for his epic biopic, Gandhi .
James L. Brooks won for his 1983 film Terms of Endearment. Jameslbrooks.jpg
James L. Brooks won for his 1983 film Terms of Endearment .
Oliver Stone earned two awards in this category in the 1980s--one for Platoon (1986), and the other for Born on the Fourth of July (1989). Oliver Stone by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Oliver Stone earned two awards in this category in the 1980s—one for Platoon (1986), and the other for Born on the Fourth of July (1989).
Kevin Costner earned the award in 1990 for directing Dances with Wolves. Kevin Costner 2016.jpg
Kevin Costner earned the award in 1990 for directing Dances with Wolves .
Jonathan Demme won for his direction of The Silence of the Lambs (1991). Jonathan Demme May 2015.jpg
Jonathan Demme won for his direction of The Silence of the Lambs (1991).
Clint Eastwood won in 1992 for Unforgiven and became the oldest director to win in the category with Million Dollar Baby in 2004. ClintEastwoodCannesMay08.jpg
Clint Eastwood won in 1992 for Unforgiven and became the oldest director to win in the category with Million Dollar Baby in 2004.
Steven Spielberg, a two-time winner for Schindler's List and Saving Private Ryan. Steven Spielberg by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Steven Spielberg, a two-time winner for Schindler's List and Saving Private Ryan .
Robert Zemeckis won for his direction of Forrest Gump (1994). Robert Zemeckis "The Walk" at Opening Ceremony of the 28th Tokyo International Film Festival (21835891403) (cropped).jpg
Robert Zemeckis won for his direction of Forrest Gump (1994).
Sam Mendes won in 1999 for his directorial debut--American Beauty. Sam Mendes, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory, 2013.jpg
Sam Mendes won in 1999 for his directorial debut— American Beauty .
Roman Polanski won in 2002 for his direction of The Pianist. Roman Polanski at Cannes in 2013 cropped and brightened.jpg
Roman Polanski won in 2002 for his direction of The Pianist .
Peter Jackson won for The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King. Peter Jackson SDCC 2014.jpg
Peter Jackson won for The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King .
Ang Lee has won twice in this category--in 2005 for Brokeback Mountain and in 2012 for Life of Pi. Ang Lee - 66eme Festival de Venise (Mostra).jpg
Ang Lee has won twice in this category—in 2005 for Brokeback Mountain and in 2012 for Life of Pi .
Martin Scorsese has received eight nominations for Best Director, but has only won for The Departed in 2006. Martin Scorsese Cannes 2010 (cropped).jpg
Martin Scorsese has received eight nominations for Best Director, but has only won for The Departed in 2006.
Joel Coen and Ethan Coen won for 2007's No Country for Old Men. Coen brothers Cannes 2015 2 (CROPPED).jpg
Joel Coen and Ethan Coen won for 2007's No Country for Old Men .
Kathryn Bigelow is the first and only woman to date to win the award. She won for The Hurt Locker in 2009. Kathryn Bigelow by David Shankbone.jpg
Kathryn Bigelow is the first and only woman to date to win the award. She won for The Hurt Locker in 2009.
Michel Hazanavicius became the first French director to win the award for his work on The Artist. Michel Hazanavicius Cannes 2015.jpg
Michel Hazanavicius became the first French director to win the award for his work on The Artist .
In 2013, Alfonso Cuaron became the first Mexican director to win the award for his work on Gravity. He also won in 2018 for Roma. Alfonso Cuaron (2013) cropped.jpg
In 2013, Alfonso Cuarón became the first Mexican director to win the award for his work on Gravity . He also won in 2018 for Roma .
Alejandro G. Inarritu won this award two years in a row becoming the third director to achieve this, and the first since 1950, for directing Birdman (2014) and The Revenant (2015). Alejandro Inarritu Cannes 2017.jpg
Alejandro G. Iñárritu won this award two years in a row becoming the third director to achieve this, and the first since 1950, for directing Birdman (2014) and The Revenant (2015).
Damien Chazelle became the youngest winner of the category after winning this award for La La Land (2016). Damien Chazelle (cropped).jpg
Damien Chazelle became the youngest winner of the category after winning this award for La La Land (2016).
Guillermo del Toro won this award for directing The Shape of Water (2017). Guillermo del Toro in 2017.jpg
Guillermo del Toro won this award for directing The Shape of Water (2017).


YearDirector(s)FilmRef.
1920s
1927/28
(1st)
Frank Borzage (Dramatic) 7th Heaven [11]
Herbert Brenon (Dramatic) Sorrell and Son
King Vidor (Dramatic) The Crowd
Lewis Milestone (Comedy) Two Arabian Knights
Ted Wilde (Comedy) Speedy
1928/1929
(2nd)
[note 1]
Frank Lloyd The Divine Lady [12]
Lionel Barrymore Madame X
Harry Beaumont The Broadway Melody Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Irving Cummings In Old Arizona
Frank Lloyd Drag
Weary River
Ernst Lubitsch The Patriot
1930s
1929/1930
(3rd)
Lewis Milestone All Quiet on the Western Front Double-dagger-14-plain.png [13]
Clarence Brown Anna Christie
Romance
Robert Z. Leonard The Divorcee
Ernst Lubitsch The Love Parade
King Vidor Hallelujah!
1930/1931
(4th)
Norman Taurog Skippy [14]
Clarence Brown A Free Soul
Lewis Milestone The Front Page
Wesley Ruggles Cimarron Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Josef von Sternberg Morocco
1931/1932
(5th)
Frank Borzage Bad Girl [15]
King Vidor The Champ
Josef von Sternberg Shanghai Express
1932/1933
(6th)
Frank Lloyd Cavalcade Double-dagger-14-plain.png [16]
Frank Capra Lady for a Day
George Cukor Little Women
1934
(7th)
Frank Capra It Happened One Night Double-dagger-14-plain.png [17]
Victor Schertzinger One Night of Love
W. S. Van Dyke The Thin Man
1935
(8th)
John Ford The Informer [18]
Henry Hathaway The Lives of a Bengal Lancer
Frank Lloyd Mutiny on the Bounty Double-dagger-14-plain.png
1936
(9th)
Frank Capra Mr. Deeds Goes to Town [19]
Gregory La Cava My Man Godfrey
Robert Z. Leonard The Great Ziegfeld Double-dagger-14-plain.png
W. S. Van Dyke San Francisco
William Wyler Dodsworth
1937
(10th)
Leo McCarey The Awful Truth [20]
William Dieterle The Life of Emile Zola Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Sidney Franklin The Good Earth
Gregory La Cava Stage Door
William A. Wellman A Star Is Born
1938
(11th)
Frank Capra You Can't Take It with You Double-dagger-14-plain.png [21]
Michael Curtiz Angels with Dirty Faces
Four Daughters
Norman Taurog Boys Town
King Vidor The Citadel
1939
(12th)
Victor Fleming Gone with the Wind Double-dagger-14-plain.png [22]
Frank Capra Mr. Smith Goes to Washington
John Ford Stagecoach
Sam Wood Goodbye, Mr. Chips
William Wyler Wuthering Heights
1940s
1940
(13th)
John Ford The Grapes of Wrath [23]
George Cukor The Philadelphia Story
Alfred Hitchcock Rebecca Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Sam Wood Kitty Foyle
William Wyler The Letter
1941
(14th)
John Ford How Green Was My Valley Double-dagger-14-plain.png [24]
Alexander Hall Here Comes Mr. Jordan
Howard Hawks Sergeant York
Orson Welles Citizen Kane
William Wyler The Little Foxes
1942
(15th)
William Wyler Mrs. Miniver Double-dagger-14-plain.png [25]
Michael Curtiz Yankee Doodle Dandy
John Farrow Wake Island
Mervyn LeRoy Random Harvest
Sam Wood Kings Row
1943
(16th)
Michael Curtiz Casablanca Double-dagger-14-plain.png [26]
Clarence Brown The Human Comedy
Henry King The Song of Bernadette
Ernst Lubitsch Heaven Can Wait
George Stevens The More the Merrier
1944
(17th)
Leo McCarey Going My Way Double-dagger-14-plain.png [27]
Alfred Hitchcock Lifeboat
Henry King Wilson
Otto Preminger Laura
Billy Wilder Double Indemnity
1945
(18th)
Billy Wilder The Lost Weekend Double-dagger-14-plain.png [28]
Clarence Brown National Velvet
Alfred Hitchcock Spellbound
Leo McCarey The Bells of St. Mary's
Jean Renoir The Southerner
1946
(19th)
William Wyler The Best Years of Our Lives Double-dagger-14-plain.png [29]
Clarence Brown The Yearling
Frank Capra It's a Wonderful Life
David Lean Brief Encounter
Robert Siodmak The Killers
1947
(20th)
Elia Kazan Gentleman's Agreement Double-dagger-14-plain.png [30]
George Cukor A Double Life
Edward Dmytryk Crossfire
Henry Koster The Bishop's Wife
David Lean Great Expectations
1948
(21st)
John Huston The Treasure of the Sierra Madre [31]
Anatole Litvak The Snake Pit
Jean Negulesco Johnny Belinda
Laurence Olivier Hamlet Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Fred Zinnemann The Search
1949
(22nd)
Joseph L. Mankiewicz A Letter to Three Wives [32]
Carol Reed The Fallen Idol
Robert Rossen All the King's Men Double-dagger-14-plain.png
William A. Wellman Battleground
William Wyler The Heiress
1950s
1950
(23rd)
Joseph L. Mankiewicz All About Eve Double-dagger-14-plain.png [33]
George Cukor Born Yesterday
John Huston The Asphalt Jungle
Carol Reed The Third Man
Billy Wilder Sunset Boulevard
1951
(24th)
George Stevens A Place in the Sun [34]
John Huston The African Queen
Elia Kazan A Streetcar Named Desire
Vincente Minnelli An American in Paris Double-dagger-14-plain.png
William Wyler Detective Story
1952
(25th)
John Ford The Quiet Man [35]
Cecil B. DeMille The Greatest Show on Earth Double-dagger-14-plain.png
John Huston Moulin Rouge
Joseph L. Mankiewicz 5 Fingers
Fred Zinnemann High Noon
1953
(26th)
Fred Zinnemann From Here to Eternity Double-dagger-14-plain.png [36]
George Stevens Shane
Charles Walters Lili
Billy Wilder Stalag 17
William Wyler Roman Holiday
1954
(27th)
Elia Kazan On the Waterfront Double-dagger-14-plain.png [37]
Alfred Hitchcock Rear Window
George Seaton The Country Girl
William A. Wellman The High and the Mighty
Billy Wilder Sabrina
1955
(28th)
Delbert Mann Marty Double-dagger-14-plain.png [38]
Elia Kazan East of Eden
David Lean Summertime
Joshua Logan Picnic
John Sturges Bad Day at Black Rock
1956
(29th)
George Stevens Giant [39]
Michael Anderson Around the World in 80 Days Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Walter Lang The King and I
King Vidor War and Peace
William Wyler Friendly Persuasion
1957
(30th)
David Lean The Bridge on the River Kwai Double-dagger-14-plain.png [40]
Joshua Logan Sayonara
Sidney Lumet 12 Angry Men
Mark Robson Peyton Place
Billy Wilder Witness for the Prosecution
1958
(31st)
Vincente Minnelli Gigi Double-dagger-14-plain.png [41]
Richard Brooks Cat on a Hot Tin Roof
Stanley Kramer The Defiant Ones
Mark Robson The Inn of the Sixth Happiness
Robert Wise I Want to Live!
1959
(32nd)
William Wyler Ben-Hur Double-dagger-14-plain.png [42]
Jack Clayton Room at the Top
George Stevens The Diary of Anne Frank
Billy Wilder Some Like It Hot
Fred Zinnemann The Nun's Story
1960s
1960
(33rd)
Billy Wilder The Apartment Double-dagger-14-plain.png [43]
Jack Cardiff Sons and Lovers
Jules Dassin Never on Sunday
Alfred Hitchcock Psycho
Fred Zinnemann The Sundowners
1961
(34th)
Robert Wise & Jerome Robbins West Side Story Double-dagger-14-plain.png [44]
Federico Fellini La Dolce Vita
Stanley Kramer Judgment at Nuremberg
Robert Rossen The Hustler
J. Lee Thompson The Guns of Navarone
1962
(35th)
David Lean Lawrence of Arabia Double-dagger-14-plain.png [45]
Pietro Germi Divorce Italian Style
Robert Mulligan To Kill a Mockingbird
Arthur Penn The Miracle Worker
Frank Perry David and Lisa
1963
(36th)
Tony Richardson Tom Jones Double-dagger-14-plain.png [46]
Federico Fellini
Elia Kazan America America
Otto Preminger The Cardinal
Martin Ritt Hud
1964
(37th)
George Cukor My Fair Lady Double-dagger-14-plain.png [47]
Michael Cacoyannis Zorba the Greek
Peter Glenville Becket
Stanley Kubrick Dr. Strangelove
Robert Stevenson Mary Poppins
1965
(38th)
Robert Wise The Sound of Music Double-dagger-14-plain.png [48]
David Lean Doctor Zhivago
John Schlesinger Darling
Hiroshi Teshigahara Woman in the Dunes
William Wyler The Collector
1966
(39th)
Fred Zinnemann A Man for All Seasons Double-dagger-14-plain.png [49]
Michelangelo Antonioni Blowup
Richard Brooks The Professionals
Claude Lelouch A Man and a Woman
Mike Nichols Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
1967
(40th)
Mike Nichols The Graduate [50]
Richard Brooks In Cold Blood
Norman Jewison In the Heat of the Night Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Stanley Kramer Guess Who's Coming to Dinner
Arthur Penn Bonnie and Clyde
1968
(41st)
Carol Reed Oliver! Double-dagger-14-plain.png [51]
Anthony Harvey The Lion in Winter
Stanley Kubrick 2001: A Space Odyssey
Gillo Pontecorvo The Battle of Algiers
Franco Zeffirelli Romeo and Juliet
1969
(42nd)
John Schlesinger Midnight Cowboy Double-dagger-14-plain.png [52]
Costa-Gavras Z
George Roy Hill Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid
Arthur Penn Alice's Restaurant
Sydney Pollack They Shoot Horses, Don't They?
1970s
1970
(43rd)
Franklin J. Schaffner Patton Double-dagger-14-plain.png [53]
Robert Altman M*A*S*H
Federico Fellini Fellini Satyricon
Arthur Hiller Love Story
Ken Russell Women in Love
1971
(44th)
William Friedkin The French Connection Double-dagger-14-plain.png [54]
Peter Bogdanovich The Last Picture Show
Norman Jewison Fiddler on the Roof
Stanley Kubrick A Clockwork Orange
John Schlesinger Sunday Bloody Sunday
1972
(45th)
Bob Fosse Cabaret [55]
John Boorman Deliverance
Francis Ford Coppola The Godfather Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Joseph L. Mankiewicz Sleuth
Jan Troell The Emigrants
1973
(46th)
George Roy Hill The Sting Double-dagger-14-plain.png [56]
Ingmar Bergman Cries and Whispers
Bernardo Bertolucci Last Tango in Paris
William Friedkin The Exorcist
George Lucas American Graffiti
1974
(47th)
Francis Ford Coppola The Godfather Part II Double-dagger-14-plain.png [57]
John Cassavetes A Woman Under the Influence
Bob Fosse Lenny
Roman Polanski Chinatown
François Truffaut Day for Night
1975
(48th)
Miloš Forman One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest Double-dagger-14-plain.png [58]
Robert Altman Nashville
Federico Fellini Amarcord
Stanley Kubrick Barry Lyndon
Sidney Lumet Dog Day Afternoon
1976
(49th)
John G. Avildsen Rocky Double-dagger-14-plain.png [59]
Ingmar Bergman Face to Face
Sidney Lumet Network
Alan J. Pakula All the President's Men
Lina Wertmüller Seven Beauties
1977
(50th)
Woody Allen Annie Hall Double-dagger-14-plain.png [60]
George Lucas Star Wars
Herbert Ross The Turning Point
Steven Spielberg Close Encounters of the Third Kind
Fred Zinnemann Julia
1978
(51st)
Michael Cimino The Deer Hunter Double-dagger-14-plain.png [61]
Woody Allen Interiors
Hal Ashby Coming Home
Warren Beatty & Buck Henry Heaven Can Wait
Alan Parker Midnight Express
1979
(52nd)
Robert Benton Kramer vs. Kramer Double-dagger-14-plain.png [62]
Francis Ford Coppola Apocalypse Now
Bob Fosse All That Jazz
Édouard Molinaro La Cage aux Folles
Peter Yates Breaking Away
1980s
1980
(53rd)
Robert Redford Ordinary People Double-dagger-14-plain.png [63]
David Lynch The Elephant Man
Roman Polanski Tess
Richard Rush The Stunt Man
Martin Scorsese Raging Bull
1981
(54th)
Warren Beatty Reds [64]
Hugh Hudson Chariots of Fire Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Louis Malle Atlantic City
Mark Rydell On Golden Pond
Steven Spielberg Raiders of the Lost Ark
1982
(55th)
Richard Attenborough Gandhi Double-dagger-14-plain.png [65]
Sidney Lumet The Verdict
Wolfgang Petersen Das Boot
Sydney Pollack Tootsie
Steven Spielberg E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial
1983
(56th)
James L. Brooks Terms of Endearment Double-dagger-14-plain.png [66]
Bruce Beresford Tender Mercies
Ingmar Bergman Fanny and Alexander
Mike Nichols Silkwood
Peter Yates The Dresser
1984
(57th)
Miloš Forman Amadeus Double-dagger-14-plain.png [67]
Woody Allen Broadway Danny Rose
Robert Benton Places in the Heart
Roland Joffé The Killing Fields
David Lean A Passage to India
1985
(58th)
Sydney Pollack Out of Africa Double-dagger-14-plain.png [68]
Héctor Babenco Kiss of the Spider Woman
John Huston Prizzi's Honor
Akira Kurosawa Ran
Peter Weir Witness
1986
(59th)
Oliver Stone Platoon Double-dagger-14-plain.png [69]
Woody Allen Hannah and Her Sisters
James Ivory A Room with a View
Roland Joffé The Mission
David Lynch Blue Velvet
1987
(60th)
Bernardo Bertolucci The Last Emperor Double-dagger-14-plain.png [70]
John Boorman Hope and Glory
Lasse Hallström My Life as a Dog
Norman Jewison Moonstruck
Adrian Lyne Fatal Attraction
1988
(61st)
Barry Levinson Rain Man Double-dagger-14-plain.png [71]
Charles Crichton A Fish Called Wanda
Mike Nichols Working Girl
Alan Parker Mississippi Burning
Martin Scorsese The Last Temptation of Christ
1989
(62nd)
Oliver Stone Born on the Fourth of July [72]
Woody Allen Crimes and Misdemeanors
Kenneth Branagh Henry V
Jim Sheridan My Left Foot
Peter Weir Dead Poets Society
1990s
1990
(63rd)
Kevin Costner Dances with Wolves Double-dagger-14-plain.png [73]
Francis Ford Coppola The Godfather Part III
Stephen Frears The Grifters
Barbet Schroeder Reversal of Fortune
Martin Scorsese Goodfellas
1991
(64th)
Jonathan Demme The Silence of the Lambs Double-dagger-14-plain.png [74]
Barry Levinson Bugsy
Ridley Scott Thelma & Louise
John Singleton Boyz n the Hood
Oliver Stone JFK
1992
(65th)
Clint Eastwood Unforgiven Double-dagger-14-plain.png [75]
Robert Altman The Player
Martin Brest Scent of a Woman
James Ivory Howards End
Neil Jordan The Crying Game
1993
(66th)
Steven Spielberg Schindler's List Double-dagger-14-plain.png [76]
Robert Altman Short Cuts
Jane Campion The Piano
James Ivory The Remains of the Day
Jim Sheridan In the Name of the Father
1994
(67th)
Robert Zemeckis Forrest Gump Double-dagger-14-plain.png [77]
Woody Allen Bullets over Broadway
Krzysztof Kieślowski Three Colours: Red
Robert Redford Quiz Show
Quentin Tarantino Pulp Fiction
1995
(68th)
Mel Gibson Braveheart Double-dagger-14-plain.png [78]
Mike Figgis Leaving Las Vegas
Chris Noonan Babe
Michael Radford Il Postino: The Postman
Tim Robbins Dead Man Walking
1996
(69th)
Anthony Minghella The English Patient Double-dagger-14-plain.png [79]
Joel Coen Fargo
Miloš Forman The People vs. Larry Flynt
Scott Hicks Shine
Mike Leigh Secrets & Lies
1997
(70th)
James Cameron Titanic Double-dagger-14-plain.png [80]
Peter Cattaneo The Full Monty
Atom Egoyan The Sweet Hereafter
Curtis Hanson L.A. Confidential
Gus Van Sant Good Will Hunting
1998
(71st)
Steven Spielberg Saving Private Ryan [81]
Roberto Benigni Life Is Beautiful
John Madden Shakespeare in Love Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Terrence Malick The Thin Red Line
Peter Weir The Truman Show
1999
(72nd)
Sam Mendes American Beauty Double-dagger-14-plain.png [82]
Lasse Hallström The Cider House Rules
Spike Jonze Being John Malkovich
Michael Mann The Insider
M. Night Shyamalan The Sixth Sense
2000s
2000
(73rd)
Steven Soderbergh Traffic [83]
Stephen Daldry Billy Elliot
Ang Lee Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon
Ridley Scott Gladiator Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Steven Soderbergh Erin Brockovich
2001
(74th)
Ron Howard A Beautiful Mind Double-dagger-14-plain.png [84]
Robert Altman Gosford Park
Peter Jackson The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring
David Lynch Mulholland Drive
Ridley Scott Black Hawk Down
2002
(75th)
Roman Polanski The Pianist [85]
Pedro Almodóvar Talk to Her
Stephen Daldry The Hours
Rob Marshall Chicago Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Martin Scorsese Gangs of New York
2003
(76th)
Peter Jackson The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Double-dagger-14-plain.png [86]
Sofia Coppola Lost in Translation
Clint Eastwood Mystic River
Fernando Meirelles City of God
Peter Weir Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World
2004
(77th)
Clint Eastwood Million Dollar Baby Double-dagger-14-plain.png [87]
Taylor Hackford Ray
Mike Leigh Vera Drake
Alexander Payne Sideways
Martin Scorsese The Aviator
2005
(78th)
Ang Lee Brokeback Mountain [88]
George Clooney Good Night, and Good Luck
Paul Haggis Crash Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Bennett Miller Capote
Steven Spielberg Munich
2006
(79th)
Martin Scorsese The Departed Double-dagger-14-plain.png [89]
Clint Eastwood Letters from Iwo Jima
Stephen Frears The Queen
Paul Greengrass United 93
Alejandro G. Iñárritu Babel
2007
(80th)
Coen Brothers No Country for Old Men Double-dagger-14-plain.png [90]
Paul Thomas Anderson There Will Be Blood
Tony Gilroy Michael Clayton
Jason Reitman Juno
Julian Schnabel The Diving Bell and the Butterfly
2008
(81st)
Danny Boyle Slumdog Millionaire Double-dagger-14-plain.png [91]
Stephen Daldry The Reader
David Fincher The Curious Case of Benjamin Button
Ron Howard Frost/Nixon
Gus Van Sant Milk
2009
(82nd)
Kathryn Bigelow The Hurt Locker Double-dagger-14-plain.png [92]
James Cameron Avatar
Lee Daniels Precious
Jason Reitman Up in the Air
Quentin Tarantino Inglourious Basterds
2010s
2010
(83rd)
Tom Hooper The King's Speech Double-dagger-14-plain.png [93]
Darren Aronofsky Black Swan
Coen Brothers True Grit
David Fincher The Social Network
David O. Russell The Fighter
2011
(84th)
Michel Hazanavicius The Artist Double-dagger-14-plain.png [94]
Woody Allen Midnight in Paris
Terrence Malick The Tree of Life
Alexander Payne The Descendants
Martin Scorsese Hugo
2012
(85th)
Ang Lee Life of Pi [95]
Michael Haneke Amour
David O. Russell Silver Linings Playbook
Steven Spielberg Lincoln
Benh Zeitlin Beasts of the Southern Wild
2013
(86th)
Alfonso Cuarón Gravity [96]
Steve McQueen 12 Years a Slave Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Alexander Payne Nebraska
David O. Russell American Hustle
Martin Scorsese The Wolf of Wall Street
2014
(87th)
Alejandro G. Iñárritu Birdman Double-dagger-14-plain.png [97]
Wes Anderson The Grand Budapest Hotel
Richard Linklater Boyhood
Bennett Miller Foxcatcher
Morten Tyldum The Imitation Game
2015
(88th)
Alejandro G. Iñárritu The Revenant [98]
Lenny Abrahamson Room
Tom McCarthy Spotlight Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Adam McKay The Big Short
George Miller Mad Max: Fury Road
2016
(89th)
Damien Chazelle La La Land [99]
Mel Gibson Hacksaw Ridge
Barry Jenkins Moonlight Double-dagger-14-plain.png
Kenneth Lonergan Manchester by the Sea
Denis Villeneuve Arrival
2017
(90th)
Guillermo del Toro The Shape of Water Double-dagger-14-plain.png [100]
Paul Thomas Anderson Phantom Thread
Greta Gerwig Lady Bird
Christopher Nolan Dunkirk
Jordan Peele Get Out
2018
(91st)
Alfonso Cuarón Roma
Yorgos Lanthimos The Favourite
Spike Lee BlacKkKlansman
Adam McKay Vice
Paweł Pawlikowski Cold War

Multiple wins and nominations

The following individuals have won multiple Best Director awards:

WinsDirector
4
John Ford
3 Frank Capra
William Wyler
2 Frank Borzage
Alfonso Cuarón
Clint Eastwood
Miloš Forman
Alejandro G. Iñárritu
Elia Kazan
David Lean
Ang Lee
Frank Lloyd
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Leo McCarey
Lewis Milestone
Steven Spielberg
George Stevens
Oliver Stone
Billy Wilder
Robert Wise
Fred Zinnemann

The following directors have received four or more Best Director nominations (* indicates no wins):

NominationsDirector
12 William Wyler
8 Martin Scorsese
Billy Wilder
7 Woody Allen
David Lean
Steven Spielberg
Fred Zinnemann
6 Clarence Brown*
Frank Capra
5 Robert Altman*
George Cukor
Michael Curtiz
John Ford
Alfred Hitchcock*
John Huston
Elia Kazan
Frank Lloyd
George Stevens
King Vidor*
4 Francis Ford Coppola
Clint Eastwood
Federico Fellini*
Stanley Kubrick*
Sidney Lumet*
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Mike Nichols
Peter Weir*

Age superlatives

RecordDirectorFilmAge (in years)Ref.
Oldest winner Clint Eastwood Million Dollar Baby 74 [101]
Oldest nominee John Huston Prizzi's Honor 79 [101]
Youngest winner Damien Chazelle La La Land 32 [101]
Youngest nominee John Singleton Boyz n the Hood 24 [101]

Diversity of nominees/winners

Asian nominees/winners

As of the 91st Academy Awards, four Asian directors (one Asian-American) have been nominated a total of six times in this category, and one has won the award two times.

91st Academy Awards award ceremony

The 91st Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2018, and took place at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles, California. The ceremony was held on February 24, 2019. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony was televised in the United States by the American Broadcasting Company (ABC), produced by Donna Gigliotti and Glenn Weiss, with Weiss also serving as director. It was the first ceremony in three decades, since the 61st Academy Awards in 1989, to be conducted with no host.

Black nominees

As of the 91st Academy Awards, six black directors have been nominated a total of six times in this category, and none have won the award. [102]

Latin American nominees/winners

As of the 91st Academy Awards, five Latin American directors have been nominated a total of eight times in this category, and three have won the award five of the six most recent times.

Oceanic nominees/winners

As of the 91st Academy Awards, seven Oceanic directors have been nominated a total of eleven times in this category, and one has won the award.

Female nominees/winners

As of the 91st Academy Awards, five female directors have been nominated a total of five times in the category, and one has won the award. [103]

Non-English language nominees/winners

As of the 91st Academy Awards, twenty-five directors of non-English language films have been nominated a total of thirty times in this category, and one has won the award.


bold — Indicates winner
§ — Directorial debut
† — Film nominated for Best Picture
‡ — Film won for Best Picture

Notes

  1. The 2nd Academy Awards is unique in being the only occasion where there were no official nominees. Subsequent research by AMPAS has resulted in a list of unofficial or de facto nominees, based on records of which films were evaluated by the judges.

See also

Related Research Articles

The Academy Award for Best Production Design recognizes achievement for art direction in film. The category's original name was Best Art Direction, but was changed to its current name in 2012 for the 85th Academy Awards. This change resulted from the Art Director's branch of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) being renamed the Designer's branch. Since 1947, the award is shared with the set decorator(s). It is awarded to the best interior design in a film.

Academy Award for Best Supporting Actress award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

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60th Academy Awards

The 60th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), took place on April 11, 1988, at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles beginning at 6:00 p.m. PST / 9:00 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 22 categories honoring films released in 1987. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Samuel Goldwyn Jr. and directed by Marty Pasetta. Actor Chevy Chase hosted the show for the second consecutive year. Two weeks earlier in a ceremony held at The Beverly Hilton in Beverly Hills, California, on March 27, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Shirley Jones.

Per Hallberg, is a Swedish film sound editor whose work has appeared in over 40 movies. He has won three Academy Awards for Best Sound Editing for the films Braveheart (1995), The Bourne Ultimatum (2007) and Skyfall (2012). He was also nominated for the award for Face/Off (1997).

Academy Award for Best Actor Award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

The Academy Award for Best Actor is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). It is given in honor of an actor who has delivered an outstanding performance in a leading role while working within the film industry. The award is traditionally presented by the previous year's Best Actress winner.

Academy Award for Best Actress award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

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Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor One of the Academy Awards of Merit

The Academy Award for Best Supporting Actor is an award presented annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). It is given in honor of an actor who has delivered an outstanding performance in a supporting role while working within the film industry. The award was traditionally presented by the previous year's Best Supporting Actress winner.

Michael Silvers is a sound editor who has often worked with Pixar. He has worked on nearly every Pixar feature film.

Ben Snow is a special effects artist who has been nominated four times at the Academy Awards. He works at Industrial Light & Magic.

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