|Directed by||Chris Noonan|
|Based on|| The Sheep-Pig |
by Dick King-Smith
|Music by||Nigel Westlake|
|Distributed by||Universal Pictures|
|Box office||$254.1 million|
Babe (also known as Babe the Sheep-Pig in the working title) is a 1995 comedy-drama film directed by Chris Noonan, produced by George Miller and written by both. It is an adaptation of Dick King-Smith's 1983 novel The Sheep-Pig , which tells the story of a farm pig who wants to do the work of a sheepdog. The film is narrated by Roscoe Lee Browne and the main animal characters are played by both real animals and animatronic puppets.
Babe was filmed in Robertson, New South Wales in 1994 and released theatrically on 4 August 1995, going on to become a critical and commercial success, with several Academy Award nominations. A sequel, Babe: Pig in the City , was released in 25 November 1998 and failed to achieve the same success as the original film.
Babe, an orphaned piglet, is chosen for a "guess the weight" contest at a county fair. The winning farmer, Arthur Hoggett, brings him home and allows him to stay with a Border Collie named Fly, her mate Rex and their puppies, in the barn.
A duck named Ferdinand, who crows as roosters are said to every morning to wake people so he will be considered useful and be spared from being eaten, persuades Babe to help him destroy the alarm clock that threatens his mission. Despite succeeding in this, they wake Duchess, the Hoggetts' cat, and in the confusion accidentally destroy the living room. At the barn meeting, Rex sternly instructs Babe to stay away from Ferdinand and the house. Sometime later, when Fly's puppies are put up for sale, Babe asks if he can call her his mother.
Christmas brings a visit from the Hoggetts' relatives. Babe is almost chosen for Christmas dinner but Ferdinand's girlfriend Rosanna is picked instead after Hoggett remarks to his wife Esme that Babe may bring a prize for ham at the next county fair. On Christmas Day, Ferdinand is devastated when Rosanna is cooked for Christmas dinner and he flees the farm. Meanwhile, Babe justifies his existence by alerting Hoggett to sheep rustlers stealing sheep from one of the fields. The next day, Hoggett sees Babe sort the hens, separating the brown from the white ones. Impressed, he takes him to the fields and allows him to try and herd the sheep. Encouraged by an elder ewe named Maa, the sheep cooperate, but Rex perceives Babe's actions as an insult to sheepdogs and confronts Fly in a vicious fight for encouraging Babe. He injures her leg and accidentally bites Hoggett's hand when he tries to intervene. Rex is then chained to the dog house, muzzled and sedated, leaving the sheep herding job to Babe.
One morning, Babe finds a trio of feral dogs attacking the sheep. Although he manages to scare them off, Maa is mortally injured and dies as a result. Hoggett arrives and, thinking that Babe killed her, prepares to shoot him. Fly is so anxious to find out whether he is guilty or innocent that, instead of barking orders at the sheep, she talks to them to find out what happened. Learning the truth, she barks to distract Hoggett, delaying him until Esme informs him about the dogs' attacks on neighboring farms she learned from the authorities and asks him why he has taken his shotgun out.
When Esme leaves on a trip, Hoggett signs Babe up for a local sheepherding competition. As it is raining the night before, Hoggett lets him and Fly into the house. However, Duchess scratches him when he tries to speak to her, so Hoggett immediately confines her outside. When she is let back in later, she gets revenge on Babe by revealing that humans eat pigs. Horrified, he runs out to the barn and learns from Fly that this is true. The next morning, Fly discovers that Babe has run away. She and Rex alert Hoggett and they all search for him. Rex finds him in a cemetery and Hoggett brings him home. However, he is still demoralized and refuses to eat. Hoggett gives him a drink from a baby bottle, sings to him "If I Had Words" and dances a jig for him. This restores Babe's faith in Hoggett's affection and he begins eating again.
At the competition, Babe meets the sheep that he will be herding, but they ignore his attempts to speak to them. As Hoggett is criticized by the bemused judges and ridiculed by the public for using a pig instead of a dog, Rex runs back to the farm to ask the sheep what to do. They give him a secret password, first extracting a promise that he will treat them better from now on. He returns in time to convey the password to Babe, and the sheep now follow his instructions flawlessly. Amid the crowd's acclamation, he is unanimously given the highest score. While he sits down next to the farmer, Hoggett praises him with the standard command to sheep dogs that their job is done, "That'll do, Pig. That'll do."
The puppies were voiced by Ross Bagley, Gemini Barnett, Rachel Davey, Debi Derryberry, Courtland Mead, Jazz Raycole, and Kevin Woods.
The sheep were voiced by Jane Alden, Kimberly Bailey, Patrika Darbo, Michelle Davison, Julie Forsyth, Maeve Germaine, Rosanna Huffman, Carlyle King, Tina Lifford, Genni Nevinson, Linda Phillips, Paige Pollack, and Kerry Walker.
Babe is an adaptation of Dick King-Smith's 1983 novel The Sheep-Pig , also known as Babe: The Gallant Pig in the US, which tells the story of a pig raised as livestock who wants to do the work of a sheepdog. The main animal characters are played by a combination of real and animatronic pigs and Border Collies.The breed of pig used was a Large White, which grows rapidly. On account of this, 46 piglets of the required size were used during the course of the filming, as well as the animatronic model for special effects.
The film is divided into six chapters to preserve the storybook-like feel of the original novel (although none of the film's chapters are the same as the book's). The film's mice characters were subsequently added to read the chapters aloud after a test screening in which producer George Miller noted that younger audiences had trouble reading them, needing help from the adults.
After seven years of development,Babe was filmed in Robertson, New South Wales, Australia. The talking-animal visual effects were done by Rhythm & Hues Studios and Jim Henson's Creature Shop. The film was both a box office and critical success, grossing $254 million worldwide and earning seven Oscar nominations, including a win for Best Visual Effects.
According to actor James Cromwell, there was tension on the set between producer George Miller and director Chris Noonan.Noonan later complained, "I don't want to make a lifelong enemy of George Miller but I thought that he tried to take credit for Babe, tried to exclude me from any credit, and it made me very insecure... It was like your guru has told you that you are no good and that is really disconcerting."
Miller shot back, "Chris said something that is defamatory: that I took his name off the credits on internet sites, which is just absolutely untrue. You know, I'm sorry but I really have a lot more to do with my life than worry about that... when it comes to Babe, the vision was handed to Chris on a plate."
In 1998, a sequel directed by Miller, Babe: Pig in the City , was released. In 2006, a video game of the same name based on the film, was published by Mastertronic for the PlayStation 2.
The musical score for Babe was composed by Nigel Westlake and performed by the Melbourne Symphony Orchestra. Classical orchestral music by 19th-century French composers is used throughout the film, but is disguised in a variety of ways and often integrated by Westlake into his score. The theme song "If I Had Words" (lyrics by Jonathan Hodge), sung by Hoggett near the film's conclusion, is an adaptation of the Maestoso final movement of the Organ Symphony by Camille Saint-Saëns, and was originally performed in 1977 by Scott Fitzgerald and Yvonne Keeley. This tune also recurs throughout the film's score.
There are also brief quotations within the score from Edvard Grieg's Lyric Pieces, Op.71 No. 1. Other music featured is by Léo Delibes, Richard Rodgers, Gabriel Fauré, and Georges Bizet.
The film was a box office success, grossing $36.7 million at the box office in Australiaand over $254 million worldwide. It also received critical acclaim and was ultimately nominated for seven Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, Best Supporting Actor for James Cromwell, Best Screenplay Based on Material Previously Produced or Published, Best Art Direction and Best Film Editing, winning Best Visual Effects. At the APRA Music Awards of 1996 it won Best Film Score for Westlake's work. In 2006, the American Film Institute named Babe #80 on its list of America's Most Inspiring Movies. On review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has an approval rating of 97% based on 70 reviews, with a rating average of 8.26/10. The website's critical consensus reads: "The rare family-friendly feature with a heart as big as its special effects budget, Babe offers timeless entertainment for viewers of all ages." Metacritic gave the film a score of 83 based on 16 reviews, indicating "universal acclaim".
Because of its subject being a piglet, Babe was initially banned from Malaysia in order to avoid upsetting or annoying Muslims (who view pigs as haram). The ruling was overturned almost a year later and the film was released direct to video.
When Babe was released in the US, it is reported that "activists around the country staked out movie theatres with flyers documenting the real-life abuses of pigs".The film had a marked effect on the growth of vegetarianism, particularly among the young. It also promoted a more sympathetic view of the intellectual, emotional and social capacities of animals. James Cromwell became an ethical vegan as a result of starring as Farmer Hoggett, saying, "I decided that to be able to talk about this [movie] with conviction, I needed to become a vegetarian." In 1996 he went on to organize a vegetarian dinner for the Los Angeles homeless at a "Compassionate Christmas" event in order to reverse the barnyard view that "Christmas is carnage".
|Academy Awards||1996||Best Picture||George Miller, Doug Mitchell and Bill Miller||Nominated|
|Best Director||Chris Noonan||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actor||James Cromwell||Nominated|
|Best Adapted Screenplay||George Miller and Chris Noonan||Nominated|
|Best Art Direction||Art Direction: Roger Ford; Set Decoration: Kerrie Brown||Nominated|
|Best Film Editing||Marcus D'Arcy and Jay Friedkin||Nominated|
|Best Visual Effects||Scott E. Anderson, Charles Gibson, Neal Scanlan and John Cox||Won|
|Australasian Performing Right Association Awards||1996||Best Film Score||Nigel Westlake||Won|
|Australian Cinematographers Society Awards||1996||Cinematographer of the Year||Andrew Lesnie||Won|
|British Academy Film Awards||1996||Best Film||George Miller, Doug Mitchell, Bill Miller and Chris Noonan||Nominated|
|Best Adapted Screenplay||George Miller and Chris Noonan||Nominated|
|Best Editing||Marcus D'Arcy and Jay Friedkin||Nominated|
|Best Special Visual Effects||Scott E. Anderson, Neal Scanlan, John Cox, Chris Chitty and Charles Gibson||Nominated|
|British Comedy Awards||1996||Best Comedy Film||Babe||Won|
|Chlotrudis Awards||1996||Best Movie||Babe||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actor||James Cromwell||Nominated|
|Critics' Choice Movie Awards||1996||Best Family Film||Babe||Won|
|Film Critics Circle of Australia Awards||1997||Best Director||Chris Noonan||Won|
|Best Original Music||Nigel Westlake||Won|
|Golden Globe Awards||1996||Best Motion Picture – Musical or Comedy||George Miller and Doug Mitchell||Won|
|London Film Critics' Circle Awards||1996||Film of the Year||Babe||Won|
|International Newcomer of the Year||Chris Noonan||Won|
|National Society of Film Critics Awards||1996||Best Film||Babe||Won|
|New York Film Critics Circle Awards||1995||Best New Director||Chris Noonan||Won|
|Nickelodeon Kids' Choice Awards||1996||Favorite Animal Star||Babe the Pig||Nominated|
|Saturn Awards||1996||Best Fantasy Film||Babe||Won|
|Best Writing||George Miller and Chris Noonan||Nominated|
|Writers Guild of America Awards||1996||Best Adapted Screenplay||George Miller and Chris Noonan||Nominated|
A Close Shave is a 1995 British stop-motion animated comedy film directed by Nick Park and produced by Aardman Animations in association with Wallace and Gromit Ltd., BBC Bristol and BBC Children's International. It is the third film featuring the eccentric duo Wallace and Gromit, following A Grand Day Out (1989) and The Wrong Trousers (1993). In A Close Shave, Wallace and Gromit uncover a plot to rustle sheep by a sinister dog. This was the first Wallace and Gromit film featuring speaking characters other than Wallace.
Babes in Toyland is a Laurel and Hardy musical Christmas film released on November 30, 1934. The film is also known by the alternative titles Laurel and Hardy in Toyland, Revenge Is Sweet, and March of the Wooden Soldiers, a 73-minute abridged version.
James Oliver Cromwell is an American actor. Some of his best-known films include Babe (1995), Star Trek: First Contact (1996), L.A. Confidential (1997), The Green Mile (1999), The Queen (2006), Secretariat (2010), The Artist (2011), and Jurassic World: Fallen Kingdom (2018).
Ronald Gordon King-Smith OBE Hon.MEd, was a prolific English writer of children's books, primarily using the pen name Dick King-Smith. He is best known for The Sheep-Pig. It was adapted as the movie Babe (1995) and translations have been published in fifteen languages. He was awarded an Honorary Master of Education degree by the University of the West of England in 1999 and appointed Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in the 2010 New Year Honours. Dick and Myrle had three children – two daughters and one son (Giles). Dick King-Smith's first book, The Foxbusters, was published in 1978.
Babe: Pig in the City is a 1998 comedy-drama adventure film. It is the sequel/epilogue to the 1995 film Babe and the second & final chapter of the Babe film series. It is co-written, produced and directed by George Miller, who co-wrote and produced the original film. Most of the actors from the first film reappeared as their respective roles, including James Cromwell, Miriam Margolyes, Hugo Weaving, Danny Mann, Roscoe Lee Browne and Magda Szubanski with newcomers featuring Glenne Headly, Steven Wright, James Cosmo, Myles Jeffrey, and Mickey Rooney. However, most of them have only brief appearances, as the story focuses on the journey of Babe.
The Sheep-Pig, or Babe, the Gallant Pig in the US, is a children's novel by Dick King-Smith, first published by Gollancz in 1983 with illustrations by Mary Rayner. Set in rural England, where King-Smith spent twenty years as a farmer, it features a lone pig on a sheep farm. It was adapted as the 1995 film Babe, which was a great international success. King-Smith won the 1984 Guardian Children's Fiction Award, a once-in-a-lifetime book award judged by a panel of British children's writers.
Shaun the Sheep is a British stop-motion television series and a spin-off of the Wallace and Gromit franchise. The title character is Shaun. The series focuses on his adventures on a northern English farm as the leader of his flock.
Miss Potter is a 2006 biographical drama film directed by Chris Noonan. It is based on the life of children's author and illustrator Beatrix Potter, and combines stories from her own life with animated sequences featuring characters from her stories, such as Peter Rabbit. Scripted by Richard Maltby Jr., the director of the Tony Award-winning Broadway revue, Fosse, the film stars Renée Zellweger in the title role, Ewan McGregor as her publisher and fiancé, Norman Warne, and Lloyd Owen as solicitor William Heelis. Emily Watson stars as Warne's sister, Millie. Lucy Boynton also stars as the young Beatrix Potter and Justin McDonald appears as the young William Heelis. It was filmed in St. Peter's Square Hammersmith, Cecil Court, Osterley Park, Covent Garden, the Isle of Man, Scotland and the Lake District.
The 61st New York Film Critics Circle Awards honored the best filmmaking of 1995. The winners were announced on 14 December 1995 and the awards were given on 7 January 1996.
Chris Noonan is an Australian filmmaker and actor. He is best known for the family film Babe (1995), for which he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Director and Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay.
"If I Had Words" is a 1977 song by Scott Fitzgerald as a duet with Yvonne Keeley. In 1978, it reached number 3 on the UK charts and number 3 on the Australian charts. It sold more than one million copies worldwide. It was also a hit in Ireland, New Zealand, Belgium, the Netherlands and Scandinavia.
Nigel Westlake is an Australian composer, musician and conductor.
In a group of animals, a runt is a member which is significantly smaller or weaker than the others. Owing to its small size, a runt in a litter faces obvious disadvantage, including difficulties in competing with its siblings for survival and possible rejection by its mother. Therefore, in the wild, a runt is less likely to survive infancy.
Minoru Uchida was a Japanese actor and voice actor from Okayama Prefecture. He was affiliated with Gekidan Subaru. He was married to fellow voice actress Reiko Niimura.
Victorian Farm is a British historical documentary TV series in six parts, first shown on BBC Two in January 2009, and followed by three Christmas-themed parts in December of the same year. The series, the second in the BBC historic farm series, recreates everyday life on a farm in Shropshire in the 1880s, using authentic replica equipment and clothing, original recipes and reconstructed building techniques. It was made for the BBC by independent production company Lion Television and filmed at a preserved Victorian era living museum farm, Acton Scott Historic Working Farm, Shropshire. The farming team was historian Ruth Goodman, and archaeologists Alex Langlands and Peter Ginn.
Duck à l'orange, orange duck, or canard à l'orange is a French dish in cuisine bourgeoise consisting of a roast duck with a bigarade sauce.
Kennedy Miller Mitchell is an Australian film, television and video game production house in Potts Point, Sydney, that has been producing television and film since 1978. It is responsible for some of Australia's best-known and most successful films, including the four Mad Max films, the two Babe films, and the two Happy Feet films.
Aardman Animations is an animation studio in Bristol, England that produces stop motion and computer-animated features, shorts, TV series and adverts.
Best New Director was an award given by the New York Film Critics Circle from its first inception in 1989 until discontinuing in 1996. There was no award in 1993.
|Wikiquote has quotations related to Babe (film) .|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Babe (1995 film) .|