Independence Day (1996 film)

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Independence Day
Independence day movieposter.jpg
Theatrical release poster
Directed by Roland Emmerich
Written by
Produced byDean Devlin
Starring
Cinematography Karl Walter Lindenlaub
Edited by David Brenner
Music by David Arnold
Production
company
Distributed by 20th Century Fox
Release date
  • June 25, 1996 (1996-06-25)(Mann Plaza Theater)
  • July 3, 1996 (1996-07-03)(United States)
Running time
145 minutes [1]
CountryUnited States
LanguageEnglish
Budget$75 million [2]
Box office$817.4 million [2]

Independence Day (also promoted as ID4) is a 1996 American science fiction disaster film directed by Roland Emmerich and written by Emmerich and Dean Devlin. It stars an ensemble cast that includes Will Smith, Bill Pullman, Jeff Goldblum, Mary McDonnell, Judd Hirsch, Margaret Colin, Randy Quaid, Robert Loggia, James Rebhorn, Harvey Fierstein, and Harry Connick. The film focuses on disparate groups of people who converge in the Nevada desert in the aftermath of a worldwide attack by an extraterrestrial race. With the other people of the world, they launch a counterattack on July 4—Independence Day in the United States.

Contents

While promoting Stargate in Europe, Emmerich conceived the film while answering a question about his belief in the existence of alien life. He and Devlin decided to incorporate a large-scale attack having noticed that aliens in most invasion films travel long distances in outer space only to remain hidden when reaching Earth. Shooting began in July 1995 in New York City, and the film was completed on June 20, 1996.

Considered a significant turning point in the history of the Hollywood blockbuster, Independence Day was at the forefront of the large-scale disaster film and sci-fi resurgence of the mid-late 1990s. It was released worldwide on July 3, 1996, but began showing on July 2 (the same day the film's story begins) in limited release as a result of a high level of anticipation among moviegoers. The film received mixed reviews, with criticism for its characters but praise for the performances and visuals. It grossed over $817.4 million worldwide, [2] becoming the highest-grossing film of 1996, surpassing Twister and Mission: Impossible . It also became the second-highest-grossing film ever at the time, behind Jurassic Park (1993). The film won the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Sound.

A sequel, Independence Day: Resurgence , was released 20 years later on June 24, 2016, part of a planned series of films.

Plot

On July 2, 1996, an enormous alien mothership arrives in the orbit of the Earth and deploys multiple saucers, each fifteen miles wide that take positions over Earth's major cities.

David Levinson, an MIT-trained satellite technician, decodes a signal embedded within global satellite transmissions, realizing it is the aliens' countdown timer for a coordinated attack. With help from his ex-wife, White House Communications Director Constance Spano, David and his father Julius gain access to the Oval Office and alert President Thomas Whitmore to the threat.

Whitmore orders evacuations of New York City, Los Angeles, and Washington, D.C., but it is too late. Each of the saucers fires a single destructive beam, causing a gargantuan explosion that incinerates each saucer's targeted city, killing millions. Whitmore, the Levinsons, and a few others escape aboard Air Force One as the capital is destroyed along with New York, Los Angeles, and other major cities around the world.

On July 3, counterattacks against the alien invaders begin, but their ships are shielded by force fields. Each saucer launches a swarm of fighter vessels with their own shields, which decimate the human fighter squadrons and military bases. Captain Steven Hiller, one of the mission's squadron leaders, survives by luring his attacker to the enclosed spaces of the Grand Canyon before ejecting from his plane, causing the enemy fighter to crash-land. He subdues the downed alien and flags down a convoy of refugees, transporting the unconscious alien to Area 51, where Whitmore's group has landed. Secretary of Defense Albert Nimzicki has revealed that a faction of the government has been involved in a UFO conspiracy since 1947, when one of the invaders' attack fighters crashed in Roswell. Area 51 houses the now-refurbished ship, and three alien corpses recovered from the crash. As scientist Dr. Brackish Okun examines the alien captured by Steven, it regains consciousness and attacks, telepathically invading Okun's mind and killing other personnel. It uses Okun's vocal cords to reject Whitmore's offer of peace before launching a psychic attack against him. After Secret Service agents and military personnel kill the alien, Whitmore reveals what he learned when they were linked: the invaders plan to strip Earth of natural resources. He reluctantly authorizes a nuclear attack against one warship situated above Houston as a trial, but it remains intact. Steven's girlfriend Jasmine Dubrow and her son, having survived the destruction of Los Angeles, rescue a truckload of other survivors, including the critically injured First Lady Marilyn. Though they are later found by Steven and taken to Area 51, Marilyn dies shortly after being reunited with her family.

On July 4, taking inspiration from his father, David writes a computer virus that will disrupt the aliens' shields' operating system, and devises a plan to upload it into the mothership from the refurbished alien fighter, which Steven volunteers to pilot. The U.S. military contacts different nations' surviving airborne squadrons around the world through Morse code to organize a united counter-offensive against the aliens. With military pilots in short supply, Whitmore and General William Grey enlist the help of volunteers with flight experience, including retired soldier Russell Casse, to fly the remaining jets at Area 51; and the former leads an attack on a warship bearing down on the base while the latter oversees it. Entering the mothership, Steven and David upload the virus and deploy a nuclear missile on board; nullifying the aliens' communications system and reinforcements after the ship is destroyed. With the aliens' shields deactivated, Whitmore's squadron can combat the enemy fighters, but their ammunition is exhausted before they can destroy the saucer. As it prepares to fire on the base, Russell has one last missile, but is unable to fire due to a launcher malfunction; he sacrifices himself by crashing his jet with the missile into the saucer's weapon as it is charging to fire, which destroys the warship. Human military forces worldwide are notified of the alien ships' critical weakness and destroy the others.

As humanity rejoices in victory, Steven and David return to Area 51 and reunite with their families.

Cast

Production

Development

Official film logo Independence Day (film logo).svg
Official film logo

The idea for the film came when Emmerich and Devlin were in Europe promoting their film Stargate . A reporter asked Emmerich why he made a film with content like Stargate if he did not believe in aliens. Emmerich stated he was still fascinated by the idea of an alien arrival, and further explained his response by asking the reporter to imagine what it would be like to wake up one morning and to discover 15-mile-wide spaceships were hovering over the world's largest cities. Emmerich then turned to Devlin and said, "I think I have an idea for our next film." [7] [15] [16]

F/A-18 Hornets of VMFA-314, "Black Knights" F-18s from VFMA-314 in formation.jpg
F/A-18 Hornets of VMFA-314, "Black Knights"

Emmerich and Devlin decided to expand on the idea by incorporating a large-scale attack, with Devlin saying he was bothered by the fact that "for the most part, in alien invasion movies, they come down to Earth and they're hidden in some back field …[o]r they arrive in little spores and inject themselves into the back of someone's head." [17] Emmerich agreed by asking Devlin if arriving from across the galaxy, "would you hide on a farm or would you make a big entrance?" [17] The two wrote the script during a month-long vacation in Mexico, [15] and just one day after they sent it out for consideration, 20th Century Fox chairman Peter Chernin greenlit the screenplay. [11] Pre-production began just three days later in February 1995. [7] [15] The U.S. military originally intended to provide personnel, vehicles, and costumes for the film; however, they backed out when the producers refused to remove the script's Area 51 references. [7]

A then-record 3,000-plus special effects shots would ultimately be required for the film. [16] The shoot utilized on-set, in-camera special effects more often than computer-generated effects in an effort to save money and get more authentic pyrotechnic results. [7] Many of these shots were accomplished at Hughes Aircraft in Culver City, California, where the film's art department, motion control photography teams, pyrotechnics team, and model shop were headquartered[ dubious ]. The production's model-making department built more than twice as many miniatures for the production than had ever been built for any film before by creating miniatures for buildings, city streets, aircraft, landmarks, and monuments. [18] The crew also built miniatures for several of the spaceships featured in the film, including a 30-foot (9.1 m) destroyer model [19] and a version of the mother ship spanning 12 feet (3.7 m). [20] City streets were recreated, then tilted upright beneath a high-speed camera mounted on a scaffolding filming downwards. An explosion would be ignited below the model, and flames would rise towards the camera, engulfing the tilted model and creating the rolling "wall of destruction" look seen in the film. [21] A model of the White House was also created, covering 10 feet (3.0 m) by 5 feet (1.5 m), and was used in forced-perspective shots before being destroyed in a similar fashion for its destruction scene. [22] The detonation took a week to plan [11] and required 40 explosive charges. [22]

A World War II training aircraft with a camera mounted on its front navigated through the walls of the Little Colorado River canyon, and the footage was used as pilot point-of-view shots. USA little colorado pano AZ.jpg
A World War II training aircraft with a camera mounted on its front navigated through the walls of the Little Colorado River canyon, and the footage was used as pilot point-of-view shots.

The film's aliens were designed by production designer Patrick Tatopoulos. The actual aliens in the film are diminutive and based on a design Tatopoulos drew when tasked by Emmerich to create an alien that was "both familiar and completely original". [24] These creatures wear "bio-mechanical" suits that are based on another design Tatopoulos pitched to Emmerich. These suits were 8 feet (2.4 m) tall, equipped with 25 tentacles, and purposely designed to show it could not sustain a person inside so it would not appear to be a "man in a suit". [25]

Christopher Weaver, founder of video game publisher Bethesda Softworks consulted with the movie's production team, Centropolis Films, and provided scientific collaboration. [26] Dean Devlin used Weaver as the basis for the film character David Levinson. [26] [27]

Filming

Principal photography began in July 1995 in New York City. A second unit gathered plate shots and establishing shots of Manhattan, Washington, D.C., an RV community in Flagstaff, Arizona, and the Very Large Array on the Plains of San Agustin, New Mexico. [25] The main crew also filmed in nearby Cliffside Park, New Jersey before moving to the former Kaiser Steel mill in Fontana, California to film the post-attack Los Angeles sequences. [28] The production then moved to Wendover, Utah, and West Wendover, Nevada, [29] where the deserts doubled for Imperial Valley, and the Wendover Airport doubled for the El Toro and Area 51 exteriors. [30] It was here where Pullman filmed his pre-battle speech. Immediately before filming the scene, Devlin and Pullman decided to add "Today, we celebrate our Independence Day!" to the end of the speech. At the time, the production was nicknamed "ID4" because Warner Bros. owned the rights to the title because of a film from 1983 which is also called Independence Day . Devlin had hoped that if Fox executives noticed the addition in dailies, the impact of the new dialogue would help them to win the rights to the title. [7] Pullman had stated in a 2020 interview that Fox had otherwise been aiming to use Doomsday for the film's release to match with other disaster films of the time, and Devlin and Emmerich had hoped the impact of this speech scene would help win Fox over to the Independence Day name. [31] The right to use the title was eventually won two weeks later. [11]

The production team moved to the Bonneville Salt Flats to film three scenes, then returned to California to film in various places around Los Angeles, including Hughes Aircraft where sets for the cable company and Area 51 interiors were constructed at a former aircraft plant. Sets for the latter included corridors containing windows that were covered with blue material. The filmmakers originally intended to use the chroma key technique to make it appear as if an activity was happening on the other side of the glass, but the composited images were not added to the final print because production designers decided the blue panels gave the sets a "clinical look". [32] The attacker hangar set contained an attacker mockup 65 feet (20 m) wide [18] that took four months to build. [11] The White House interior sets used had already been built for The American President and had previously been used for Nixon . [22] Principal photography completed on November 3, 1995. [11]

The film initially depicted Russell Casse being rejected as a volunteer for the July 4 aerial counteroffensive because of his alcoholism. He then uses a stolen missile tied to his red biplane to carry out his suicide mission. According to Dean Devlin, test audiences responded well to the scene's irony and comedic value. [7] However, the scene was re-shot to include Russell's acceptance as a volunteer, his crash course on flying modern fighter aircraft, and him flying an F/A-18 instead of the biplane. Devlin preferred the alteration because the viewer now witnesses Russell ultimately making the decision to sacrifice his life, [7] and seeing the biplane keeping pace and flying amongst F/A-18s was "just not believable". [33] The film was officially completed on June 20, 1996, five days before its scheduled Mann Plaza premiere. [11]

Music

The Grammy Award-winning [34] score for the film was composed by David Arnold and recorded with an orchestra of 90, a choir of 46, "and every last ounce of stereotypical Americana he could muster for the occasion". [35] The film's producer Dean Devlin commented that "you can leave it up to a Brit to write some of the most rousing and patriotic music in the history of American cinema." [35] The soundtrack has received two official CD releases. RCA released a 50-minute album at the time of the film's release, then in 2010, La-La Land Records released a limited-edition, two-disc CD set that comprised the complete score plus 12 alternate cues. [36] The premiere of Independence Day live [37] took place at the Royal Albert Hall in September 2016, with the film's score performed live for a screening of the film. [38] This celebrated the twentieth anniversary of the film's release, and the event also featured a pre-film talk by David Arnold.

Release

Theatrical

Time capsule in Rachel, Nevada. ID4timecapsule.jpg
Time capsule in Rachel, Nevada.

While the film was still in post-production, Fox began a massive marketing campaign to help promote the film, beginning with the airing of a dramatic commercial during Super Bowl XXX, for which it paid $1.3 million. [39] The film's subsequent success at the box office resulted in the trend of using Super Bowl air time to kick off the advertising campaign for potential blockbusters. [40] [41]

Fox's Licensing and Merchandising division also entered into co-promotional deals with Apple Inc. The co-marketing project was dubbed "The Power to Save the World" campaign, in which the company used footage of David using his PowerBook laptop in their print and television advertisements. [42] Trendmasters entered a merchandising deal with the film's producers to create a line of tie-in toys. [43] In exchange for product placement, Fox also entered into co-promotional deals with Molson Coors Brewing Company and Coca-Cola. [44]

The film was marketed with several taglines, including: "We've always believed we weren't alone. On July 4, we'll wish we were", "Earth. Take a good look. It could be your last", and "Don't make plans for August". The weekend before the film's release, the Fox Network aired a half-hour special on the film, the first third of which was a spoof news report on the events that happen in the film. Roger Ebert attributed most of the film's early success to its teaser trailers and marketing campaigns, acknowledging them as "truly brilliant". [45]

The shot of the White House's destruction was the focus of the film's marketing campaign. A fleeing helicopter was added to the shot in the final print. Id4whitehouse.jpg
The shot of the White House's destruction was the focus of the film's marketing campaign. A fleeing helicopter was added to the shot in the final print.

The film had its official premiere held at Los Angeles' now-defunct Mann Plaza Theater on June 25, 1996. [46] It was then screened privately at the White House for President Bill Clinton and his family [47] before receiving a nationwide release in the United States on July 2, 1996, a day earlier than its previously scheduled opening. [48]

Home media

After a six-week, $30 million marketing campaign, Independence Day was released on VHS on November 22, 1996. [49] A LaserDisc release came out at roughly the same time, which included audio commentary, theatrical trailers, deleted scenes, and a bundled soundtrack CD. [50] The film sold 22 million copies in North America becoming the best selling live-action video. [51]

It became available on DVD on June 27, 2000, and has since been re-released, in several different versions of this format, with varying supplemental material, including one instance where it was packaged with a lenticular cover. [52] A special edition of the film was included on the DVD as well, which features nine minutes of additional footage not seen in the original theatrical release. [53] Independence Day became available on Blu-ray in the United Kingdom on December 24, 2007, [54] and in North America on March 11, 2008 [55] and in Australia on March 5, 2008. [56] The initial single-disc releases only feature the theatrical cut and a few extras, as per the single-disc DVDs. For its 2016 twentieth anniversary, the film was re-released on two-disc Blu-ray and DVD, 4K Ultra HD Blu-ray, and Digital HD. [57] [58] The 20th-anniversary editions feature both the theatrical and extended versions, [59] all the extras of the previous 2-disc DVDs and more. [60]

Censorship

In Lebanon, certain Jewish- and Israel-related content in the film was censored. One cut scene involved Judd Hirsch's character donning a kippah, and leading soldiers and White House officials in a Jewish prayer. Other removed footage showed Israeli and Arab troops working together in preparation for countering the alien invasion. The Lebanese Shi'a Islamist militant group Hezbollah called for Muslims to boycott the film, describing it as "propaganda for the so-called genius of the Jews and their concern for humanity." In response, Jewish actor Jeff Goldblum said: "I think Hezbollah has missed the point. The film is not about American Jews saving the world; it's about teamwork among people of different religions and nationalities to defeat a common enemy." [61] [62]

Twentieth-anniversary release

The film had both its twentieth anniversary and premiere at a special live-orchestral screening performance at the Royal Albert Hall on September 22, 2016. The Royal Philharmonic Orchestra, conducted by the original orchestrator Nicholas Dodd, performed the score live [63] during the film, and the film's composer, David Arnold, was a presenter at the event.

Reception

Box office

One of the film's creatures on the cover of the July 1, 1996 issue of Time. ID4TIME.jpg
One of the film's creatures on the cover of the July 1, 1996 issue of Time .

Independence Day was the highest-grossing film of 1996, beating other blockbusters of that year such as Twister , Scream , Space Jam , Mission: Impossible and The Hunchback of Notre Dame . [2] In the United States and Canada, it earned $104.3 million in its opening week, [64] including $96.1 million during its five-day holiday opening, and $50.2 million during its opening weekend. [65] All three figures broke records set by Jurassic Park three years earlier. [64] That film's sequel, The Lost World: Jurassic Park , claimed all three records when it was released the following year. Independence Day stayed in the number-one spot for three consecutive weeks and grossed $306,169,268 in the United States and Canada [2] and $511,231,623 in other territories during its theatrical run. [2] The combined worldwide total of $817,400,891 came second only to the worldwide earnings of Jurassic Park as the highest of all time. [66] The film grossed a record $10.5 million in its opening weekend in Germany. [67] Box Office Mojo estimates that the film sold over 69.26 million tickets in the US and Canada. [68] Hoping to capitalize on the film's success, several studios released large-scale disaster films, [69] and the already rising interest in science fiction-related media was further increased by the film's popularity. [47]

A month after the film's release, jewelry designers and marketing consultants reported an increased interest in dolphin-themed jewelry, as the character Jasmine (Vivica A. Fox) wears dolphin earrings, and is presented with a wedding ring featuring a gold dolphin. [70]

Critical response

Rotten Tomatoes, a review aggregator, reports that 68% of 77 surveyed critics gave the film a positive review; the average rating is 6.5/10. The site's critical consensus reads, "The plot is thin and so is character development, but as a thrilling, spectacle-filled summer movie, Independence Day delivers." [71] On Metacritic, the film has a score of 59 out of 100 based on 19 critics, indicating "mixed or average reviews". [72] Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A" on an A+ to F scale. [73]

Critics wrote that the film has "cardboard" and "stereotypical" characters, [4] [48] [74] [75] [76] and weak dialogue. [69] [76] [77] [78] However, the shot of the White House's destruction has been declared a milestone in visual effects and one of the most memorable scenes of the 1990s. [79] [80] In a 2010 poll, readers of Entertainment Weekly rated it the second-greatest summer film of the previous 20 years, ranking only behind Jurassic Park . [81]

Mick LaSalle of the San Francisco Chronicle gave the film his highest rating, declaring it the "apotheosis" of Star Wars . [48] Lisa Schwarzbaum of Entertainment Weekly gave it a B+ for living up to its massive hype, adding "charm is the foremost of this epic's contemporary characteristics. The script is witty, knowing, cool." [75] Eight years later, Entertainment Weekly would rate the film as one of the best disaster films of all time. [69] Kenneth Turan of the Los Angeles Times felt that the film did an "excellent job conveying the boggling immensity of [the] extraterrestrial vehicles […] and panic in the streets" and the scenes of the alien attack were "disturbing, unsettling and completely convincing". [4]

However, the film's nationalistic overtones were widely criticized by reviewers outside the U.S. Movie Review UK described the film as "a mish-mash of elements from a wide variety of alien invasion movies and gung-ho American jingoism." [82] The speech during which Whitmore states that victory in the coming war would see the entire world henceforth describe July 4 as its Independence Day, was described in a BBC review as "the most jaw-droppingly pompous soliloquy ever delivered in a mainstream Hollywood movie." [83] In 2003, readers of Empire voted the scene that contained this speech as the "Cheesiest Movie Moment of All-Time". [84] Conversely, Empire critic Kim Newman gave the film a five-star rating in the magazine's original review of the film. [72]

Several critics expressed disappointment with the quality of the film's special effects. Newsweek 's David Ansen claimed the special effects were of no better caliber than those seen nineteen years earlier in Star Wars . [76] Todd McCarthy of Variety felt the production's budget-conscious approach resulted in "cheesy" shots that lacked in quality relative to the effects present in films directed by James Cameron and Steven Spielberg. [46] In his review, Roger Ebert took note of a lack of imagination in the spaceship and creature designs. [85] Gene Siskel expressed the same sentiments in his At the Movies review of the film. [45] [ dead link ]

American Film Institute lists

Accolades

AwardSubjectNomineeResult
CAS Awards [88] Best Sound Chris Carpenter, Bob Beemer, Bill W. Benton and Jeff Wexler Nominated
Academy Awards [88] Best Sound Nominated
Best Visual Effects Volker Engel, Douglas Smith, Clay Pinney and Joe Viskocil Won
Czech Lion Awards [89] [90] The most successful movie in Cinemas. Roland Emmerich Won
Saturn Awards [88] Best Special Effects Volker Engel, Douglas Smith, Clay Pinney and Joe Viskocil Won
Best Science Fiction Film Dean Devlin Won
Best Director Roland Emmerich Won
Best Writer Roland Emmerich and Dean Devlin Nominated
Best Costumes Joseph A. PorroNominated
Best Supporting Actor Brent Spiner Nominated
Best Supporting Actress Vivica A. Fox Nominated
Best Young Actor James Duval Nominated
Best Music David Arnold Nominated
Best Actor Jeff Goldblum Nominated
Will Smith Nominated
Kids' Choice Awards [88] Favorite Movie ActorNominated
Favorite Movie N/AWon
Hugo Awards [88] Best Dramatic Presentation N/ANominated
Young Artist Awards [88] Best Young Actor – Age 10 or Under Ross Bagley Nominated
People's Choice Awards [88] Favorite Dramatic Motion PictureN/AWon
MTV Movie Awards [88] Best Action Sequence Aliens blow up citiesNominated
Best Movie N/ANominated
Best Male Performance Will SmithNominated
Best Breakthrough PerformanceVivica A. FoxNominated
Best Kiss Will Smith and Vivica A. FoxWon
Grammy Awards [88] Best Instrumental Composition Written for a Motion Picture or for Television David ArnoldWon
Satellite Awards [88] Outstanding Visual Effects Volker Engel, Douglas Smith, Clay Pinney and Joe ViskocilWon
Outstanding Film Editing David Brenner Won
Mainichi Film Awards [88] Best Foreign Language FilmN/AWon
Japanese Academy Awards [88] N/ANominated
Amanda Awards [88] N/ANominated
Blockbuster Entertainment Awards [88] Favorite Actor – Sci-FiWill SmithWon
Universe Reader's Choice Awards [88] Best ActorWon
Best Supporting ActressVivica A. FoxWon
Best Science Fiction FilmN/AWon
Best Special EffectsVolker Engel, Douglas Smith, Clay Pinney and Joe ViskocilWon
Best DirectorRoland EmmerichWon
Best ScoreDavid ArnoldWon
Best Cinematography Karl Walter Lindenlaub Won
Best WritingRoland Emmerich and Dean DevlinWon
Golden Raspberry Awards [88] Worst Written Film Grossing Over $100 MillionNominated
Stinkers Bad Movie Awards [88] Worst Screenplay for a Film Grossing Over $100 MillionNominated
Worst PictureNominated
Online Film & Television Association Awards [91] Best Sci-Fi/Fantasy Horror PictureDean DevlinNominated
Best Sci-Fi/Fantasy Horror ActorWill SmithNominated
Best Film EditingDavid BrennerNominated
Best SoundChris Carpenter
Bill W. Benton
Bob Beemer
Jeff Wexler
Nominated
Best Sound EffectsSandy Gendler & Val KuklowskyNominated
Best Visual EffectsVolker Engel
Douglas Smith
Clay Pinney
Joe Viskocil
Nominated

Legacy

Disaster elements portrayed in Independence Day represented a significant turning point for Hollywood blockbuster films. With advancements in CGI special effects, events depicting mass destruction became commonplace in films that soon followed, such as Volcano (1997), Armageddon and Deep Impact (both in 1998). The trend continued throughout the 2000s and 2010s, evident in films such as two of Emmerich's films The Day After Tomorrow (2004), 2012 (2009) and White House Down (2013), as well as other blockbusters like Titanic (1997), Transformers (2007) and The Avengers (2012). [92]

In other media

Books

Author Stephen Molstad wrote a tie-in novel to help promote the film shortly before its release. The novel goes into further detail on the characters, situations, and overall concepts not explored in the film. The novel presents the film's finale as originally scripted, with the character played by Randy Quaid stealing a missile and roping it to his cropduster biplane.

Following the film's success, a prequel novel entitled Independence Day: Silent Zone was written by Molstad in February 1998. [93] The novel is set in the late 1960s and early 1970s, and details the early career of Dr. Brackish Okun. [94]

Molstad wrote a third novel, Independence Day: War in the Desert in July 1999. Set in Saudi Arabia on July 3, it centers around Captain Cummins and Colonel Thompson, the two Royal Air Force officers seen receiving the Morse code message in the film (Americanised ranks corrected to Squadron Leader and Group Captain respectively in the Omnibus reissue). A Marvel comic book was also written based on the first two novelizations.

Radio

On August 4, 1996, BBC Radio 1 broadcast the one-hour play Independence Day UK , written, produced, and directed by Dirk Maggs, a spin-off depicting the alien invasion from a British perspective. [95] None of the original cast was present. Dean Devlin gave Maggs permission to produce an original version, on the condition that he did not reveal certain details of the movie's plot, and that the British were not depicted as saving the day. [95] Independence Day UK was set up to be similar to the 1938 radio broadcast of The War of the Worldsthe first 20 minutes were live. [95]

Multimedia

In 1996 a "behind-the-scenes" multimedia CD-ROM titled Inside Independence Day was released for Microsoft Windows and Macintosh; it includes storyboards for the film, sketches, movie clips, and a preview of the Independence Day video game. [96]

Video games

An Independence Day video game was released in February 1997 for the PlayStation, Sega Saturn, and PC, each version receiving mostly tepid reviews. [97] The multi-view shooter game contains various missions to perform, with the ultimate goal of destroying the aliens' primary weapon. A wireless mobile version was released in 2005. A video game entitled ID4 Online was released in 2000.[ citation needed ]

Toys

Trendmasters released a toy line for the film in 1996. [98] Each action figure, vehicle or playset came with a 3+12 inch floppy disk that contained an interactive computer game. [99]

Sequels

In June 2011, Devlin confirmed that he and Emmerich had written a treatment for two sequels to form a trilogy; both expressed the desire for Will Smith to return. [100] In October 2011, however, discussions over Smith returning were halted, due to Fox's refusal to provide the $50 million salary demanded by Smith for the two sequels. Emmerich, however, made assurances that the films would be shot back-to-back, regardless of Smith's involvement. [101]

In March 2013, Emmerich stated that the titles of the new films would be ID: Forever – Part I and ID: Forever – Part II. [102] In November 2014, the sequel was given the green light by 20th Century Fox, with a release date of June 24, 2016. This would be a stand-alone sequel, that would not split into two parts as originally planned, with filming beginning in May 2015 and casting being done after the studio locked down Emmerich as the director of the film. [103] In December 2014, Devlin confirmed that Emmerich would indeed be directing the sequel. [104] On June 22, 2015, Emmerich announced the official title, Independence Day: Resurgence . [105]

With respect to Smith's decision not to return to film a sequel, Emmerich told Screen Crush that: "In the very beginning, I wanted to work with him and he was excited to be in it but then after a while he was tired of sequels, and he did another science fiction film, which was his father-son story After Earth , so he opted out." [106]

Independence Day: Resurgence was released on June 24, 2016. [107]

See also

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Aliens is a 1986 science fiction action film written and directed by James Cameron. It is the sequel to the 1979 science fiction horror film Alien, and the second film in the Alien franchise. Set in the far future, the film stars Sigourney Weaver as Lieutenant Ellen Ripley, the sole survivor of an alien attack on her ship. When communications are lost with a human colony on the moon on which her crew first encountered the alien creatures, Ripley agrees to return to the site with a troop of Colonial Marines to investigate. Aliens features Michael Biehn, Paul Reiser, Lance Henriksen, and Carrie Henn in supporting roles.

<i>Predator</i> (film) 1987 science fiction action film directed by John McTiernan

Predator is a 1987 American science fiction action film directed by John McTiernan and written by brothers Jim and John Thomas. It is the first installment in the Predator franchise. It stars Arnold Schwarzenegger as the leader of an elite paramilitary rescue team on a mission to save hostages in guerrilla-held territory in a Central American rainforest, who encounter the deadly Predator, a technologically advanced alien who stalks and hunts them down.

Roland Emmerich German filmmaker

Roland Emmerich is a German film director, screenwriter and producer, widely known for his science fiction films. His films, most of which are English-language Hollywood productions, have made more than $3 billion worldwide, including just over $1 billion in the United States, making him the country's 15th-highest-grossing director of all time. He began his work in the film industry by directing the film The Noah's Ark Principle (1984) as part of his university thesis and also co-founded Centropolis Entertainment in 1985 with his sister. He is also known for directing films such as Universal Soldier (1992), Stargate (1994), Independence Day (1996), Godzilla (1998), The Patriot (2000), The Day After Tomorrow (2004), 2012 (2009), and most recently, Midway (2019). He is a collector of art and an LGBT activist, and is openly gay.

Stargate is a military science fiction media franchise based on the film directed by Roland Emmerich, which he co-wrote with producer Dean Devlin. The franchise is based on the idea of an alien Einstein–Rosen bridge device that enables nearly instantaneous travel across the cosmos. The franchise began with the film Stargate, released on October 28, 1994, by Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer and Carolco, which grossed US$197 million worldwide. In 1997, Brad Wright and Jonathan Glassner created a television series titled Stargate SG-1 as a sequel to the film. This show was joined by Stargate Atlantis in 2004, Stargate Universe in 2009, and a prequel web series, Stargate Origins, in 2018. Also consistent with the same story are a variety of books, video games and comic books, as well as the direct-to-DVD movies Stargate: Children of the Gods, Stargate: The Ark of Truth, and Stargate: Continuum, which concluded the first television show after 10 seasons.

<i>Godzilla</i> (1998 film) 1998 film by Roland Emmerich

Godzilla is a 1998 American monster film directed and co-written by Roland Emmerich. A reimagining of Toho's Godzilla franchise, it is the 23rd film in the franchise and the first Godzilla film to be completely produced by a Hollywood studio. The film stars Matthew Broderick, Jean Reno, Maria Pitillo, Hank Azaria, Kevin Dunn, Michael Lerner, and Harry Shearer. The film is dedicated to Tomoyuki Tanaka, the co-creator and producer of various Godzilla films, who died in April 1997. In the film, authorities investigate and battle a giant monster who migrates to New York City to nest its young.

Patrick Wilson (American actor) American actor and singer (born 1973)

Patrick Joseph Wilson is an American actor and singer. He spent his early career starring in Broadway musicals, beginning in 1995. He is a two-time Tony Award nominee for his roles in The Full Monty (2000–2001) and Oklahoma! (2002). In 2003, he co-starred in the acclaimed HBO miniseries Angels in America for which he was nominated for both the Golden Globe Award and Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Miniseries or a Movie.

Dean Devlin

Dean Devlin is an American screenwriter, producer, television and film director and former actor. He is the founder of production company Electric Entertainment.

<i>Super 8</i> (2011 film) 2011 American film

Super 8 is a 2011 American monster thriller film written and directed by J. J. Abrams and produced by Steven Spielberg. The film stars Joel Courtney, Elle Fanning, and Kyle Chandler and tells the story of a group of young teenagers who are filming their own Super 8 movie when a train derails, releasing a dangerous presence into their town. The film was shot in Weirton, West Virginia and surrounding areas, portraying the fictional town of Lillian, Ohio.

<i>Avatar</i> (2009 film) 2009 American film by James Cameron

Avatar is a 2009 American epic science fiction film directed, written, produced, and co-edited by James Cameron and starring Sam Worthington, Zoe Saldana, Stephen Lang, Michelle Rodriguez, and Sigourney Weaver. The film is set in the mid-22nd century when humans are colonizing Pandora, a lush habitable moon of a gas giant in the Alpha Centauri star system, in order to mine the valuable mineral unobtanium. The expansion of the mining colony threatens the continued existence of a local tribe of Na'vi – a humanoid species indigenous to Pandora. The film's title refers to a genetically engineered Na'vi body operated from the brain of a remotely located human that is used to interact with the natives of Pandora.

Patrick Tatopoulos is a Greek-French production designer and director who lives and works in the United States. His designs have appeared in numerous motion pictures, including Pitch Black, Underworld, I, Robot, The Chronicles of Riddick, Independence Day, Bram Stoker's Dracula, Stargate, Spawn, Godzilla, Stuart Little, 300, I Am Legend, Man of Steel, Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice, Justice League, 10,000 BC and Live Free or Die Hard.

Alien is a science-fiction horror/action media franchise centered on the film series which depicts warrant officer Ellen Ripley and her battles with an extraterrestrial lifeform, commonly referred to as "the Alien" or Xenomorph.

Marc Weigert is a film producer and film/TV visual effects supervisor and 2nd unit director.

<i>Cars 2</i> 2011 American computer-animated action comedy spy film produced by Pixar Animation Studios

Cars 2 is a 2011 American 3D computer-animated comedy film produced by Pixar Animation Studios for Walt Disney Pictures. It is a sequel to 2006's Cars and the second film in the Cars franchise. This was the final Pixar film animated with their old system, Marionette. In the film, race car Lightning McQueen and tow truck Mater head to Japan and Europe to compete in the World Grand Prix, but Mater accidentally becomes sidetracked with international espionage. In the film's ensemble voice cast, Owen Wilson, Larry the Cable Guy, Tony Shalhoub, Guido Quaroni, Bonnie Hunt, and John Ratzenberger reprise their roles from the first film. Paul Newman, who voiced Doc Hudson in the previous film, died in September 2008, so his character was written out of the film, while George Carlin, who previously voiced Fillmore, died during the same year, so his role was passed to Lloyd Sherr. The returning cast is joined by Michael Caine, Emily Mortimer, John Turturro, Eddie Izzard, and Thomas Kretschmann, who voice the new characters introduced in this film. It was directed by John Lasseter, written by Ben Queen, and produced by Denise Ream.

<i>2012</i> (film) 2009 disaster film by Roland Emmerich

2012 is a 2009 American science fiction disaster film directed and written by Roland Emmerich. It was produced by Harald Kloser, Mark Gordon, and Larry J. Franco, and written by Kloser and Emmerich. The film stars John Cusack, Amanda Peet, Chiwetel Ejiofor, Oliver Platt, Thandiwe Newton, Danny Glover, and Woody Harrelson. Based on the 2012 phenomenon, its plot follows geologist Adrian Helmsley (Ejiofor) and novelist Jackson Curtis (Cusack) as they experience the events that the phenomenon predicted.

<i>Terminator 2: Judgment Day</i> 1991 American science fiction action film directed by James Cameron

Terminator 2: Judgment Day is a 1991 American science fiction action film produced and directed by James Cameron, who co-wrote the script with William Wisher. It stars Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton, Robert Patrick, Edward Furlong, and Joe Morton. It is the sequel to the 1984 film The Terminator, and the second installment in the Terminator franchise. It follows Sarah Connor (Hamilton) and her ten-year-old son John (Furlong) as they are pursued by a new, more advanced Terminator: the liquid metal, shapeshifting T-1000 (Patrick), sent back in time to kill John and prevent him from becoming the leader of the human resistance. A second, less-advanced Terminator (Schwarzenegger) is also sent by the Resistance to protect John.

Independence Day is a franchise of American science fiction action films that started with Independence Day in 1996, which was eventually followed by the sequel, Independence Day: Resurgence in 2016. The fate of the third installment remains up in the air because of disappointing sales figures for Resurgence, Disney's acquisition of 20th Century Fox, and lack of interest by director Dean Devlin. The franchise revolves around extraterrestrials invading Earth and seeking to eradicate mankind while the remaining human resistance uses everything at their disposal to defeat the invaders and take back the planet. Now considered to be a significant turning point in the history of the Hollywood blockbuster, the original film was released worldwide on July 3, 1996, but began showing on July 2 on limited release as a result of a high level of anticipation among moviegoers. The film grossed over $817.4 million worldwide, becoming the highest-grossing film of 1996 and, briefly, the second-highest-grossing film worldwide of all time behind 1993's Jurassic Park. Currently, it ranks 69th on the list of highest-grossing films, and was at the forefront of the large-scale disaster film and sci-fi resurgence of the mid-late 1990s. The film won the Academy Award for Best Visual Effects and was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Sound Mixing.

<i>Independence Day: Resurgence</i> 2016 film directed by Roland Emmerich

Independence Day: Resurgence is a 2016 American science fiction action film directed by Roland Emmerich and written by Emmerich, Dean Devlin, Nicolas Wright, James A. Woods, and James Vanderbilt. A sequel to the 1996 film Independence Day, it stars an ensemble cast featuring Liam Hemsworth, Jeff Goldblum, Bill Pullman, Maika Monroe, Travis Tope, William Fichtner, Charlotte Gainsbourg, and Judd Hirsch. The film takes place twenty years after the events of the first film, during which the United Nations has collaborated to form Earth Space Defense, an international military defense and research organization. Through reverse engineering, the world has fused the power of alien technology with humanity's and laid the groundwork to resist a second invasion.

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Awards and achievements
Preceded by
12 Monkeys
Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film
1996
Succeeded by
Men in Black