|Directed by||Michael Bay|
|Distributed by||Buena Vista Pictures|
|Box office||$553.7 million|
Armageddon is a 1998 American science fiction disaster film produced and directed by Michael Bay, produced by Jerry Bruckheimer, and released by Touchstone Pictures. The film follows a group of blue-collar deep-core drillers sent by NASA to stop a gigantic asteroid on a collision course with Earth. It stars Bruce Willis with Ben Affleck, Billy Bob Thornton, Liv Tyler, Owen Wilson, Will Patton, Peter Stormare, William Fichtner, Michael Clarke Duncan, Keith David, and Steve Buscemi.
Despite international box-office success, and becoming the highest-grossing film of 1998 worldwide, the film received generally unfavorable reviews. Astronomers noted that the similar disaster film Deep Impact was more scientifically accurate.
A massive meteor shower destroys the orbiting Space Shuttle Atlantis, before entering the atmosphere and bombarding New York City. NASA discovers the meteors were pushed out of the asteroid belt by a rogue comet that jarred loose an asteroid the size of the US state of Texas that will impact Earth in 18 days, causing an extinction level event that will wipe out all life on the planet. NASA scientists plan to drill a deep shaft into the asteroid and plant a nuclear bomb which, when detonated, will split the asteroid into two-halves that will fly safely past Earth. NASA contacts Harry Stamper, considered the best deep sea oil driller in the world, for assistance. Harry departs for Houston with his daughter Grace, where Harry agrees to participate in the mission, explaining that he will need his team: Chick, Rockhound, Max, Oscar, Bear, Noonan, and A.J., Grace's lover, to whom Grace gets engaged shortly before the mission. They also agree to help once their unusual list of demands is met.
As NASA puts Harry and his crew through 12 days of rigorous astronaut training at the Johnson Space Center, Harry and his team re-outfit the mobile drillers, named "Armadillos", which they will use on the asteroid. NASA is forced to reveal the asteroid and their plans to the world after a piece of the asteroid wipes out part of Shanghai. Two advanced Space Shuttles, Freedom and Independence, are launched from the Kennedy Space Center in Florida. Once in orbit the shuttles dock with the Russian space station Mir , crewed by Lev Andropov, to refuel. However, a fuel pipe leaks into electrical components causing a fire to break out during the fuel transfer and the station is evacuated, but Lev and AJ are accidentally trapped in the fuel pod area. They manage to escape through a vent and narrowly make it to Independence before the station explodes. Sixty hours later the shuttles slingshot around the far side of the Moon to navigate through the asteroid's debris field and land on it, but Independence's hull is punctured and it crashes, with most of its crew killed. Grace, watching from Mission Control, is distraught by A.J.'s apparent death.
Freedom lands safely, but misses its landing area by 26 miles (42 km), meaning the team must now drill through a thicker crust of compressed iron ferrite. When they fall behind the calculated schedule and communications threaten to fail, the President orders the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, General Kimsey, to initiate "Secondary Protocol" and remotely detonate the bomb on the asteroid's surface. Knowing this would be ineffective, NASA executive Dan Truman and his team delay Kimsey and the military at Mission Control, while Harry persuades shuttle commander Colonel Sharp to disarm the bomb so they can complete the drilling. After the mission is resumed, the Freedom Armadillo strikes a methane gas pocket and is blown into space, killing Max. With the mission presumed lost, worldwide panic ensues and martial law is declared in many countries, just before another meteorite destroys Paris. A.J., Lev, and Bear, having survived the Independence crash, arrive in Independence's Armadillo in time to complete the drilling.
As the asteroid approaches Earth, the surviving crew is struck by a rock storm, which kills Gruber and damages the bomb's remote trigger, meaning someone must stay behind to detonate it manually. The non-flight crew members draw straws and A.J. is selected. As he and Harry exit the airlock, Harry rips off A.J.'s air hose and shoves him back inside, telling him he is the son he never had and would be proud to have him marry Grace. Before preparing to detonate the bomb, Harry contacts Grace to say his last goodbyes. After various last-minute difficulties, Freedom moves to a safe distance and Harry pushes the button at the last second, successfully detonating the nuclear bomb and splitting the asteroid in two at the cost of his own life. Both halves safely fly past Earth. Freedom lands, and the surviving crew return as heroes. Some time later, A.J. and Grace are married, with portraits of Harry and the other lost crew members present in memoriam.
In May 1998, Walt Disney Studios chairman Joe Roth expanded the film's budget by $3 million to include additional special effects scenes. This additional footage, incorporated two months prior to the film's release, was specifically added for the television advertising campaign to differentiate the film from Deep Impact which was released a few months before.
According to Bruce Joel Rubin, writer of Deep Impact, a production president at Disney took notes on everything the writer said during lunch about his script and initiated Armageddon as a counter film at Disney.
Nine writers worked on the script, five of whom are credited. In addition to Robert Roy Pool, Jonathan Hensleigh, Tony Gilroy, Shane Salerno and J. J. Abrams, the writers involved included Paul Attanasio, Ann Biderman, Scott Rosenberg and Robert Towne. Originally, it was Hensleigh's script, based on Pool's original, that had been given the green-light by Touchstone. Then-producer, Jerry Bruckheimer, hired the succession of scribes for rewrites and polishes.
Prior to Armageddon's release, the film was advertised in Super Bowl XXXII at a cost of $2.6 million.
Despite a mixed critical reception, a DVD edition of Armageddon was released by The Criterion Collection, a specialist film distributor of primarily arthouse films that markets what it considers to be "important classic and contemporary films" and "cinema at its finest". In an essay supporting the selection of Armageddon, film scholar Jeanine Basinger, who taught Michael Bay at Wesleyan University, states that the film is "a work of art by a cutting-edge artist who is a master of movement, light, color, and shape—and also of chaos, razzle-dazzle, and explosion". She sees it as a celebration of working men: "This film makes these ordinary men noble, lifting their efforts up into an epic event." Further, she states that in the first few moments of the film all the main characters are well established, saying, "If that isn't screenwriting, I don't know what is".
The film was also released on VHS and DVD by Touchstone Home Video on November 13, 1998, and would surpass Pretty Woman to become Buena Vista Home Entertainment's best-selling live-action title. [ citation needed ]The film was released on a standard edition Blu-ray in 2010 with only a few special features.
Following the 2003 Columbia disaster, some screen captures from the opening scene where Atlantis is destroyed were passed off as satellite images of the disaster in a hoax.Additionally, the American cable network FX, which had intended to broadcast Armageddon that evening, removed the film from its schedule and aired Aliens in its place.
Armageddon was released on July 1, 1998 in 3,127 theaters in the United States and Canada. It ranked first at the box office with an opening weekend gross of $36 million. It grossed $201.6 million in the United States and Canada and $352.1 million in other territories for a worldwide total of $553.7 million. It was the highest-grossing film of 1998 worldwide and the second-highest-grossing film of that year in the United States, finishing just behind Saving Private Ryan .
Armageddon received mostly negative reviews from film critics, many of whom took issue with "the furious pace of its editing".On the review aggregator website Rotten Tomatoes, the film has a 38% "Rotten" approval rating based on 121 reviews, with an average rating of 5.2/10. The critical consensus states, "Lovely to look at but about as intelligent as the asteroid that serves as the movie's antagonist, Armageddon slickly sums up the cinematic legacies of producer Jerry Bruckheimer and director Michael Bay." Audiences polled by CinemaScore gave the film an average grade of "A-" on an A+ to F scale.
The film is on the list of Roger Ebert's most hated films. 1⁄2 hours." In April 2013, in a Miami Herald interview to promote Pain & Gain , Bay was quoted as having said:In his original review, Ebert stated, "The movie is an assault on the eyes, the ears, the brain, common sense and the human desire to be entertained". On Siskel and Ebert , Ebert gave it a Thumbs Down. However, his co-host Gene Siskel gave it a Thumbs Up. Ebert went on to name Armageddon as the worst film of 1998 (though he was originally considering Spice World ). Todd McCarthy of Variety also gave the film a negative review, noting Michael Bay's rapid cutting style: "Much of the confusion, as well as the lack of dramatic rhythm or character development, results directly from Bay's cutting style, which resembles a machine gun stuck in the firing position for 2
...We had to do the whole movie in 16 weeks. It was a massive undertaking. That was not fair to the movie. I would redo the entire third act if I could. But the studio literally took the movie away from us. It was terrible. My visual effects supervisor had a nervous breakdown, so I had to be in charge of that. I called James Cameron and asked "What do you do when you're doing all the effects yourself?" But the movie did fine.
Some time after the article was published, Bay changed his stance, claiming that his apology only related to the editing of the film, not the whole film,and accused the writer of the article for taking his words out of context. The author of the article, Miami Herald writer Rene Rodriguez, claimed: "NBC asked me for a response, and I played them the tape. I didn't misquote anyone. All the sites that picked up the story did."
In an interview with Entertainment Weekly , Bay admitted that the film's central premise "that NASA could actually do something in a situation like this" was unrealistic. Additionally, the largest known Potentially Hazardous Asteroid (PHA) is (53319) 1999 JM8, which is only 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) in diameter, while the comet in the movie is described as being "the size of Texas". Near the end of the credits, there is a disclaimer stating, "The National Aeronautics and Space Administration's cooperation and assistance does not reflect an endorsement of the contents of the film or the treatment of the characters depicted therein."
The infeasibility of the H-bomb approach was published by four postgraduate physics students in 2011and then reported by The Daily Telegraph in 2012:
A mathematical analysis of the situation found that for Willis's approach to be effective, he would need to be in possession of an H-bomb a billion times stronger than the Soviet Union's "Big Ivan", the biggest ever detonated on Earth. Using estimates of the asteroid's size, density, speed and distance from Earth based on information in the film, the postgraduate students from Leicester University found that to split the asteroid in two, with both pieces clearing Earth, would require 800 trillion terajoules of energy. In contrast, the total energy output of "Big Ivan", which was tested by the Soviet Union in 1961, was only 418,000 terajoules.
In the commentary track, Ben Affleck says he "asked Michael why it was easier to train oil drillers to become astronauts than it was to train astronauts to become oil drillers, and he told me to shut the fuck up, so that was the end of that talk."
The film received four Academy Award nominations at the 71st Academy Awards, for Best Sound (Kevin O'Connell, Greg P. Russell and Keith A. Wester), Best Visual Effects, Best Sound Effects Editing, and Best Original Song ("I Don't Want to Miss a Thing" performed by Aerosmith).The film received the Saturn Awards for Best Direction and Best Science Fiction Film (where it tied with Dark City ). It was also nominated for seven Razzie Awards including: Worst Actor (Bruce Willis), Worst Picture, Worst Director, Worst Screenplay, Worst Supporting Actress (Liv Tyler), Worst Screen Couple (Tyler and Ben Affleck) and Worst Original Song. Only one Razzie was awarded: Bruce Willis received the Worst Actor award for Armageddon, in addition to his appearances in Mercury Rising and The Siege , both released in the same year as this film.
|Academy Awards||Best Original Song ("I Don't Want to Miss a Thing")||Diane Warren||Nominated|
|Best Sound||Kevin O'Connell, Greg P. Russell and Keith A. Wester||Nominated|
|Best Sound Effects Editing||George Watters II||Nominated|
|Best Visual Effects||Richard R. Hoover, Patrick McClung and John Frazier||Nominated|
|Awards of the Japanese Academy||Outstanding Foreign Language Film||Armageddon||Nominated|
|ASCAP Film and Television Music Awards||Most Performed Songs from a Motion Picture||Diane Warren||Won|
|Blockbuster Entertainment Awards||Favorite Actor - Sci-Fi||Bruce Willis||Won|
|Favorite Actress - Sci-Fi||Liv Tyler||Nominated|
|Favorite Supporting Actor - Sci-Fi||Ben Affleck||Won|
|Billy Bob Thornton||Nominated|
|Favorite Soundtrack||Trevor Rabin and Harry Gregson-Williams||Nominated|
|BMI Film & TV Awards||Best Music||Trevor Rabin||Won|
|Cinema Audio Society Awards||Outstanding Achievement in Sound Mixing for a Feature Film||Kevin O'Connell, Greg P. Russell and Keith A. Wester||Nominated|
|1999 Grammy Awards||Best Song Written Specifically for a Motion Picture or for Television||Diane Warren||Nominated|
|19th Golden Raspberry Awards||Worst Actor||Bruce Willis||Won|
|Worst Director||Michael Bay||Nominated|
|Worst Original Song ("I Don't Want to Miss a Thing")||Diane Warren||Nominated|
|Worst Picture||Jerry Bruckheimer, Gale Anne Hurd, Michael Bay||Nominated|
|Worst Screen Couple||Ben Affleck and Liv Tyler||Nominated|
|Worst Screenplay||Jonathan Hensleigh and J. J. Abrams||Nominated|
|Worst Supporting Actress||Liv Tyler||Nominated|
|Golden Reel Awards||Best Sound Editing||Kevin O'Connell, Greg P. Russell and Keith A. Wester||Nominated|
|Best Sound Editing - Music||Bob Badami, Will Kaplan, Shannon Erbe, Mark Jan Wlodarkiewicz||Nominated|
|1998 Golden Satellite Awards||Best Original Song||Aerosmith||Won|
|Best Visual Effects||Richard R. Hoover, Pat McClung and John Frazier||Nominated|
|Golden Trailer Awards||Best Trailer||Nominated|
|1999 MTV Movie Awards||Best Action Sequence||Armageddon||Won|
|Best Performance - Male||Ben Affleck||Nominated|
|Best Performance - Female||Liv Tyler||Nominated|
|Best Movie Song||Aerosmith||Won|
|Best On-Screen Duo||Ben Affleck and Liv Tyler||Nominated|
|Saturn Awards||Best Actor||Bruce Willis||Nominated|
|Best Costumes||Michael Kaplan, Magali Guidasci||Nominated|
|Best Director||Michael Bay||Won|
|Best Music||Trevor Rabin||Nominated|
|Best Science Fiction Film||Armageddon||Won (Tied with Dark City )|
|Best Special Effects||Richard R. Hoover, Pat McClung and John Frazier||Nominated|
|Best Supporting Actor||Ben Affleck||Nominated|
|Stinkers Bad Movie Awards||Worst Performance by an Actor in a Lead Role||Bruce Willis||Won|
|Worst Performance by an Actress in a Supporting Role||Liv Tyler||Nominated|
|Worst Screenplay for a Film Grossing More Than $100 Million (Using Hollywood Math)||Jonathan Hensleigh and J. J. Abrams||Nominated|
|Worst On-Screen Couple||Ben Affleck & Liv Tyler||Won|
|Most Annoying Fake Accent||Bruce Willis||Nominated|
|Teen Choice Awards||Choice Movie Actor||Ben Affleck||Nominated|
Revell and Monogram released two model kits inspired by the film's spacecraft and the Armadillos, in 1998. The first one, "Space Shuttle with Armadillo drilling unit", included an X-71, a small, rough Armadillo and a pedestal. The second one, "Russian Space Center", included the Mir, with the docking adapter seen in the film, and another pedestal.[ citation needed ]
In 2011, Fantastic Plastic released another X-71 kit, the "X-71 Super Shuttle", the goal of which was to be more accurate than the Revell/Monogram kit.
Armageddon – Les Effets Speciaux was an attraction based on Armageddon at Walt Disney Studios Park located at Disneyland Paris.The attraction simulated the scene in the movie in which the Russian Space Station is destroyed. Michael Clarke Duncan ("Bear" in the film) was featured in the pre-show.
Space Shuttle Atlantis is a Space Shuttle orbiter vehicle which belongs to the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the spaceflight and space exploration agency of the United States. Manufactured by the Rockwell International company in Southern California and delivered to the Kennedy Space Center in Eastern Florida in April 1985, Atlantis is the fourth operational and the second-to-last Space Shuttle built. Its maiden flight was STS-51-J from 3 to 7 October 1985.
The Rock is a 1996 American action thriller film directed by Michael Bay, produced by Don Simpson and Jerry Bruckheimer, and written by David Weisberg and Douglas S. Cook. The film stars Sean Connery, Nicolas Cage and Ed Harris, with William Forsythe and Michael Biehn co-starring. It is dedicated to Simpson, who died five months before its release. The film received mixed reviews from critics, but it was nominated for Best Sound at the 69th Academy Awards, it earned box-office receipts of over $335 million against a production budget of $75 million, and was the fourth highest-grossing film of 1996.
Hudson Hawk is a 1991 American action comedy film directed by Michael Lehmann. Bruce Willis stars in the title role and also co-wrote both the story and the theme song. Danny Aiello, Andie MacDowell, James Coburn, David Caruso, Lorraine Toussaint, Frank Stallone, Sandra Bernhard and Richard E. Grant are also featured.
SpaceCamp is a 1986 American space adventure film inspired by the U.S. Space Camp in Huntsville, Alabama. Directed by Harry Winer, story by Patrick Bailey and Larry B. Williams, screenplay by Clifford Green and Casey T. Mitchell, the film stars Kate Capshaw, Kelly Preston, Larry B. Scott, Lea Thompson, Tate Donovan, and Joaquin Phoenix.
Asteroid impact avoidance comprises the methods by which near-Earth objects (NEO) on a potential collision course with Earth could be diverted away, preventing destructive impact events. An impact by a sufficiently large asteroid or other NEOs would cause, depending on its impact location, massive tsunamis or multiple firestorms, and an impact winter caused by the sunlight-blocking effect of large quantities of pulverized rock dust and other debris placed into the stratosphere.
The Core is a 2003 American science fiction disaster film directed by Jon Amiel and starring Aaron Eckhart, Hilary Swank, Delroy Lindo, Stanley Tucci, Tchéky Karyo, DJ Qualls, Bruce Greenwood and Alfre Woodard. The film focuses on a team whose mission is to drill to the center of the Earth and set off a series of nuclear explosions in order to restart the rotation of the Earth's core. The film was released on March 28, 2003 by Paramount Pictures. It received mixed reviews from critics and grossed $74 million worldwide with a production budget of $85 million.
Deep Impact is a 1998 American science-fiction disaster film directed by Mimi Leder, written by Bruce Joel Rubin and Michael Tolkin, and starring Robert Duvall, Téa Leoni, Elijah Wood, Vanessa Redgrave, Maximilian Schell, and Morgan Freeman. Steven Spielberg served as an executive producer of this film. It was released by Paramount Pictures in North America and by DreamWorks Pictures internationally on May 8, 1998. The film depicts the attempts to prepare for and destroy a 7-mile (11 km) wide comet set to collide with Earth and cause a mass extinction.
Jetsons: The Movie is a 1990 American animated science fiction comedy film based on the animated television series The Jetsons, produced by Hanna-Barbera Productions and distributed by Universal Pictures. The film was directed by William Hanna and Joseph Barbera from a screenplay by Dennis Marks, and stars the voices of George O'Hanlon, Penny Singleton, Don Messick and Mel Blanc, all series veterans, alongside Tiffany as Judy Jetson. The story follows George Jetson, who is tasked with running a new Spacely Sprockets facility by his boss Cosmo Spacely. However, after he brings his family along to support him, they uncover the tragic truth of the facility's location.
Die Hard with a Vengeance is a 1995 American action-thriller buddy film directed by John McTiernan. It was written by Jonathan Hensleigh, based on the screenplay Simon Says by Hensleigh and on the characters created by Roderick Thorp for his 1979 novel Nothing Lasts Forever. Die Hard with a Vengeance is the third film in the Die Hard film series, after Die Hard 2 (1990). It is followed by Live Free or Die Hard (2007) and A Good Day to Die Hard (2013).
STS-98 was a 2001 Space Shuttle mission to the International Space Station (ISS) flown by Space Shuttle Atlantis. It was the first human spaceflight launch of the 21st century. STS-98 delivered to the station the Destiny Laboratory Module. All mission objectives were completed and the shuttle reentered and landed safely at Edwards Air Force Base on 20 February 2001, after twelve days in space, six of which were spent docked to the ISS.
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Meteor is a 1979 science fiction disaster film directed by Ronald Neame, and starring Sean Connery and Natalie Wood. The film's premise, which follows a group of scientists struggling with Cold War politics after an asteroid is detected to be on a collision course with Earth, was inspired by a 1967 MIT report Project Icarus. The screenplay was written by Oscar winner Edmund H. North and Stanley Mann.
Tears of the Sun is a 2003 American action thriller film depicting a U.S. Navy SEAL team rescue mission amidst the civil war in Nigeria. Lieutenant A.K. Waters commands the team sent to rescue U.S. citizen Dr. Lena Fiore Kendricks before the approaching rebels reach her jungle hospital. The film was directed by Antoine Fuqua.
Swept Away is a 2002 American adventure comedy romance film written and directed by Guy Ritchie; it is a remake of Lina Wertmüller's 1974 Italian film of the same name. The film stars Ritchie's then-wife Madonna and Adriano Giannini with a supporting cast featuring Bruce Greenwood, Jeanne Tripplehorn and Elizabeth Banks.
The Siege is a 1998 American action thriller film directed by Edward Zwick. The film is about a fictional situation in which terrorist cells have made several attacks in New York City. The film stars Denzel Washington, Annette Bening, Tony Shalhoub, and Bruce Willis.
Earth II was a 1971 pilot, aired November 28, for a television series about a colony established in orbit around the Earth. A WABE Production in association with Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Television, it starred Gary Lockwood, Scott Hylands and Hari Rhodes. The film was written and produced by William Read Woodfield and Allan Balter, and directed by Tom Gries.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration is an independent agency of the U.S. federal government responsible for the civilian space program, as well as aeronautics and space research.
Bruce Willis is an American actor who began his career in 1980 with an uncredited role in The First Deadly Sin. After guest-starring in a 1984 episode of Miami Vice, he appeared in the first episode of the 1985 revival of The Twilight Zone. Willis achieved fame starring in the ABC comedy-drama series Moonlighting (1985–1989), for which he received three Golden Globe nominations for Best Actor – Television Series Musical or Comedy and two Primetime Emmy Award nominations for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Drama Series. In 1988, he starred as John McClane in Die Hard (1988), a film that spawned several sequels that earned him international recognition as an action hero.
Cosmic Sin is a 2021 American science fiction action film directed by Edward Drake and starring Bruce Willis and Frank Grillo.
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