List of national independence days

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  Independence-related National Day
  Other National Day
  No official National Day

An Independence day is an annual event commemorating the anniversary of a nation's independence or statehood, usually after ceasing to be a group or part of another nation or state, or more rarely after the end of a military occupation. American political commentator Walter Russell Mead notes that, "World-wide, British Leaving Day is never out of season." Many countries celebrate the day the British colonial powers departed, regardless of how efficient and benign the colonial officials were. "Yet for all the incompetence and corruption that followed, nobody rejoined the British Empire." [1]



The following list includes current observer and member states of the United Nations that have public holidays dedicated to the establishment of the country's independence or sovereignty from a foreign power. The list does not include days commemorating regime changes (e.g. various Revolution Days or Republic Days), days commemorating its liberation from an occupying military power (Liberation Days or Victory Days), or other National Days not tied to the establishment of independence.

CountryName of holidayDate of holidayYear of eventIndependence fromEvent commemorated and notes
Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan Afghan Independence Day (Afghan Victory Day)August 191919 [2] United Kingdom Anglo-Afghan Treaty of 1919 or Treaty of Rawalpindi, an armistice between the United Kingdom and Afghanistan during the Third Anglo-Afghan War [3]
Flag of Albania.svg  Albania Flag Day (Dita e Flamurit)November 281912 [2] Ottoman Empire Albanian Declaration of Independence. The following day, November 29, is celebrated as the Liberation Day and commemorates the end of the German occupation in 1944. [4]
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria Independence Day July 51962 [2] France Algeria gained independence following the Algerian War and the Algerian independence referendum. France officially recognized independent Algeria on July 3, but the Independence Day is celebrated on July 5, the day of the fall of Algiers in 1830 and the beginning of French Algeria. [5] [6]
Flag of Andorra.svg  Andorra None
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola Independence DayNovember 111975 [2] Portugal The Alvor Agreement, signed on 15 January 1975, granted Angola independence from Portugal on 11 November, ending the Angolan War of Independence. [7]
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg  Antigua and Barbuda Independence DayNovember 11981 [2] United Kingdom The effective date of the Antigua Termination of Association Order passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in July [8] [9]
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina Independence DayJuly 91816 [10] Spanish Empire Argentine Declaration of Independence
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia Republic Day May 281918 [11] Russian Empire Declaration of Independence of Armenia (1918)
Independence Day September 211991 [2] Soviet Union 1991 Armenian independence referendum
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia None Australia Day (January 26) commemorates arrival of the First Fleet of British ships and is not an independence day.
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria National DayOctober 261955 [2] Allied occupying powers (France, United Kingdom, United States, and Soviet Union) Declaration of Neutrality
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan Republic DayMay 281918 [2] Russian Empire Declaration of Independence (Azerbaijan)
Independence Day October 181991 [12] Soviet Union Adoption of the constitutional act "On the State Independence of the Republic of Azerbaijan" [12]
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas, The Independence DayJuly 101973 [2] United Kingdom Effective date of The Bahamas Independence Order 1973 [13]
Flag of Bahrain.svg  Bahrain Independence Day December 161971 [2] United Kingdom Ascension of Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa to the throne [14]
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh Independence Day March 261971 [2] Pakistan Proclamation of Bangladeshi Independence
Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados Independence DayNovember 301966 [2] United Kingdom Effective date of the Barbados Independence Act 1966
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus Independence Day July 31944 [2] Nazi Germany The liberation of Minsk after several years of German occupation in 1944. Two other independence days – March 25 (proclamation of the Belarusian People's Republic in 1918) and July 27 (independence from the Soviet Union in 1990) – are commemorated unofficially. [15]
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium National Day July 211831 [2] United Netherlands Ascension of Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld to the throne [16]
Flag of Belize.svg  Belize Independence Day September 211981 [2] United Kingdom Effective day of the Belize Act 1981 [17]
Flag of Benin.svg  Benin Independence DayAugust 11960 [2] France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 11 creating the independent Republic of Dahomey [18]
Flag of Bhutan.svg  Bhutan None
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia Independence DayAugust 61825 [2] Spain Bolivian Declaration of Independence
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina Independence Day March 11992 [2] Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia 1992 Bosnian independence referendum
Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana Independence Day September 301966 [2] United Kingdom Effective date of the Botswana Independence Act 1966 [19]
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil Independence Day (Dia da Independência)September 71822 [2] United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves Declaration of independence by Pedro I of Brazil (see Independence of Brazil) [20]
Flag of Brunei.svg  Brunei National DayFebruary 231984 [2] United Kingdom Brunei gained full independence effective January 1, 1984 under the Treaty of Friendship and Co-operation of 7 January 1979 between United Kingdom and Brunei. [21] However, the celebrations of the first National Day were delayed until February 23 and that day continues to be celebrated since. [22]
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria Liberation Day March 31878 [2] Ottoman Empire Treaty of San Stefano which created the autonomous Principality of Bulgaria [23]
Independence DaySeptember 221908 [24] Ottoman Empire Bulgarian Declaration of Independence [24]
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso Proclamation of Independence DayDecember 111958 [2] France Effective date when French Upper Volta became an autonomous republic in the French Community [2]
Independence DayAugust 51960 [25] France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 11 and creation of the independent Republic of Upper Volta [18]
Flag of Burundi.svg  Burundi Independence DayJuly 11962 [2] Belgium Effective date of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1746 terminating the Ruanda-Urundi Trusteeship [26] [27]
Flag of Cambodia.svg  Cambodia Independence DayNovember 91953 [2] France Ceremony transferring military from French to Cambodian officials based on a military hand-over agreement reached on October 17, 1953 [28] [29]
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon NoneCameroon gained independence on January 1, 1960, but does not celebrate that date. Instead, it celebrates the National Day on May 20 commemorating the 1972 Cameroonian constitutional referendum. [30]
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada None Canada Day on July 1 commemorates the establishment of the Dominion of Canada in 1867. [2] [31]
Flag of Cape Verde.svg  Cape Verde Independence DayJuly 51975 [2] Portugal Effective date of the Agreement Between Portugal and Partido Africano para a Independência da Guiné e Cabo Verde (PAIGC) signed on December 18, 1974 [32]
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg  Central African Republic National DayDecember 11958 [2] France Effective date when Central African Republic became an autonomous republic of the French Community [33]
Independence DayAugust 131960 [34] France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 12 [18]
Flag of Chad.svg  Chad Republic DayNovember 281958 [35] France Effective date when Chad became an autonomous republic in the French Community [36]
Independence DayAugust 111960 [2] France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 12 [18]
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile Independence Day (part of Fiestas Patrias)September 181810 [2] Spanish Empire Establishment of the Government Junta of Chile. [37] The following day, September 19, is celebrated as the Army Day. [38] The two holidays collectively are known as Fiestas Patrias. [39]
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China None National Day commemorates the founding of the People's Republic of China on October 1, 1949. [2]
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia Independence DayJuly 201810 [2] Spanish Empire Colombian Declaration of Independence
Flag of the Comoros.svg  Comoros Independence DayJuly 61975 [2] France Unilateral declaration of independence by the Chamber of Deputies of Comoros following the 1974 Comorian independence referendum [40]
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  Congo, Democratic Republic of the Independence DayJune 301960 [2] Belgium Effective date of the Treaty of Friendship, Assistance and Co-operation between Belgium and the Congo concluded on June 29, 1960 [41]
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg  Congo, Republic of the Republic DayNovember 281958 [42] France Effective date when Congo became an autonomous republic in the French Community [42]
Independence DayAugust 151960 [2] France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 12. [18]
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica Independence DaySeptember 151821 [2] Spanish Empire Act of Independence of Central America [43]
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia Statehood Day May 30 [44] 1990 [45] SFR Yugoslavia First session of the Croatian Parliament following the 1990 Croatian parliamentary election. [45] October 8 (when the parliament adopted a decision to sever constitutional relations with Yugoslavia in 1991) and June 25 (when the parliament voted for independence in 1991) were also celebrated as independence days. [2] After the 2019 changes to the law on public holidays, October 8 is the Parliament Day and June 25 is the Independence Day, but they are memorial days and not public holidays. [44]
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba Commencement of the Wars of Independence [46] October 101868 [47] Spanish Empire Call to rebellion (known as Grito de Yara) by sugar planter Carlos Manuel de Cespedes that led to the Ten Years' War for independence [48]
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus National DayApril 11955 [49] United Kingdom 1 April attacks that started the Cyprus Emergency [49]
Independence Day October 11960 [2] United Kingdom Effective date of the London-Zürich Agreements was August 16, 1960, but the public holiday was moved to October 1 to avoid summer heat and tourist season. [50]
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic Independence DayOctober 281918 [2] Austria-Hungary Independence declaration by the Czechoslovak National Council [51]
Restoration DayJanuary 11993 [52] Czechoslovakia Effective date of the Dissolution of Czechoslovakia into Czech Republic and Slovakia [53]
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark None
Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti Independence DayJune 271977 [2] France
Flag of Dominica.svg  Dominica Independence DayNovember 31978 [2] United Kingdom
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic February 271821 and 1844Independence from Spain in December 1821. [54]
Independence re-declared from Haiti in 1844, after a 22-year occupation.
Flag of East Timor.svg  East Timor May 202002 Portugal East Timor was invaded by Indonesia from 1975 to 1999, officially it never ceased to be considered as administrated by Portugal.
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador Independence DayAugust 101809 [2] Spanish Empire Proclaimed independence on August 10, 1809, but failed with the execution of all the conspirators of the movement on August 2, 1810.
May 241822 Spanish Empire Battle of Pichincha
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt None Unilateral Declaration of Egyptian Independence was issued on February 28, 1922, but Egypt does not celebrate this date.
Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador Independence DaySeptember 151821 [2] Spanish Empire Act of Independence of Central America [43]
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea October 121968 Spain
Flag of Eritrea.svg  Eritrea Independence Day May 241991 [2] Ethiopia
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia Independence Day February 241918 [2] Russian Empire Estonian Declaration of Independence
Day of Restoration of Independence [55] August 201991 [2] Soviet Union [55] Estonian Restoration of Independence
Flag of Eswatini.svg  Eswatini Somhlolo DaySeptember 61968 [2] United Kingdom
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia None
Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji Fiji Day October 101970 [2] United Kingdom Instruments of Independence
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Independence Day December 61917 [2] Russian Empire Finnish Declaration of Independence
Flag of France.svg  France None
Flag of Gabon.svg  Gabon August 161960 France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 15. [18]
Flag of The Gambia.svg  Gambia, The February 181965 United Kingdom Effective date of the Gambia Independence Act 1964
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia Independence Day May 261918 Russian Empire Day of the proclamation of the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918.
Day of National UnityApril 91991 Soviet Union
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany None
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana Independence Day March 61957 United Kingdom
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece March 251821 Ottoman Empire Declaration of independence 1821. Start of the Greek War of Independence.
Flag of Grenada.svg  Grenada Independence Day February 71974 United Kingdom
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala Independence DaySeptember 151821 [2] Spanish Empire Act of Independence of Central America [43]
Flag of Guinea.svg  Guinea October 21958 France
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg  Guinea-Bissau Independence DaySeptember 241973 [2] Portugal Declaration of independence during the Guinea-Bissau War of Independence [56]
Flag of Guyana.svg  Guyana May 261966 United Kingdom
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti Independence DayJanuary 11804 [2] France Haitian Declaration of Independence
Flag of Honduras (2008 Olympics).svg  Honduras Independence DaySeptember 151821 [2] Spanish Empire Act of Independence of Central America [43]
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary October 231989 Opening of its previously-restricted border with Austria in 1989, and establishment as a democratic parliamentary republic.
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland Independence DayJune 171944 [2] Denmark Effective date of the dissolution of the Danish–Icelandic Act of Union following the 1944 Icelandic constitutional referendum [57]
Flag of India.svg  India Independence Day August 151947 United Kingdom Effective date of the Indian Independence Act 1947 [58]
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia Independence Day (Hari Kemerdekaan)August 171945 [2] Netherlands Proclamation of Indonesian Independence
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran April 11979After holding a referendum, Iran officially became an Islamic republic in April 1979.
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq October 31932 United Kingdom
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland April 241916 United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland Proclamation of the Irish Republic commencing the Easter Rising. Usually celebrated on Easter Monday.
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Yom Ha'atzmaut Iyar 5 (On or between Apr 15 and May 15, depending on the Hebrew calendar).1948 United Kingdom and the British Mandate for Palestine Israeli Declaration of Independence on May 14, 1948 (5 Iyar 5708 in the Hebrew calendar). Yom Ha'atzmaut is celebrated on the Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday nearest to 5 Iyar, so it occurs between 3 and 6 Iyar each year; this means that the holiday can fall any time between and including April 15 and May 15, according to the Gregorian calendar.
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy None
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Ivory Coast August 71960 France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 11. [18]
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica August 61962 United Kingdom Independence of Jamaica
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan None
Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan Independence DayMay 251946 [2] United Kingdom Ascension of Abdullah I of Jordan to the throne [57]
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan Independence Day December 161991 Soviet Union
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya Jamhuri Day December 121963 United Kingdom
Flag of Kiribati.svg  Kiribati July 121979 United Kingdom
Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea Chogukhaebangŭi nal August 151945 Empire of Japan Founding of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in 1948. Korean War 1950–1953.
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea Samiljeol March 11919 Empire of Japan Korean Declaration of Independence in 1919. This day is celebrated as Samiljeol, or Independence Proclamation Day.
Gwangbokjeol August 151945 Empire of Japan Liberation from the Empire of Japan in 1945. See Japanese Occupation of Korea. The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was founded in 1919. Korean War 1950–1953.
Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait February 251961 United Kingdom
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg  Kyrgyzstan Independence Day August 311991 Soviet Union
Flag of Laos.svg  Laos NoneLaos gained autonomy from France on 19 July 1949 and full independence on 22 October 1953, [59] but those days are not celebrated as public holidays in Laos. [60] The National Day on December 2 commemorates the establishment of the Lao People's Democratic Republic in 1975. [61]
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia Proclamation Day of the Republic of Latvia November 181918 Russian Empire and German Empire Proclamation of independence on November 18, 1918. Latvia was part of Russian Empire prior to World War I, but its territory had been ceded to German Empire in March 1918
May 41990 Soviet Union On the Restoration of Independence of the Republic of Latvia
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon Independence Day November 221943 France
Flag of Lesotho.svg  Lesotho October 41966 United Kingdom
Flag of Liberia.svg  Liberia Independence DayJuly 261847 [2] American Colonization Society Liberian Declaration of Independence
Flag of Libya.svg  Libya December 241951 Italy Independence from Italy on February 10, 1947, released from British and French on December 24, 1951.
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg  Liechtenstein None
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania Statehood Restoration DayFebruary 161918 [2] Russian Empire and German Empire Act of Independence of Lithuania [2]
Independence Restoration DayMarch 111990 [2] Soviet Union Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania [2]
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg None
Flag of Madagascar.svg  Madagascar June 261960 France
Flag of Malawi.svg  Malawi July 61964 United Kingdom
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia Hari Merdeka August 311957 [2] United Kingdom Malayan Declaration of Independence
Flag of Maldives.svg  Maldives July 261965 United Kingdom
Flag of Mali.svg  Mali September 221960 France
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta Independence Day September 211964 United Kingdom
Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg  Marshall Islands None
Flag of Mauritania.svg  Mauritania November 281960 France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on October 19. [18]
Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius March 121968 United Kingdom
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico Grito de Dolores September 161810 [2] Spanish Empire Start of the Mexican War of Independence
Flag of Federated States of Micronesia.svg  Micronesia Independence DayNovember 31986 United States Effective date of the Compact of Free Association
Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova Independence Day August 271991 [2] Soviet Union Moldovan Declaration of Independence
Flag of Monaco.svg  Monaco None
Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia Independence Day December 29 [62] 1911 Great Qing [63] [64] Independence declared in 1911. However, the newly established Mongolian government was too weak to resist the occupation of the Republic of China in 1919 and later White Russia in early 1921. After ousting Roman von Ungern-Sternberg's forces, the new communist government was officially established on June 11, 1921. [65]
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro May 212006 Serbia and Montenegro 2006 Montenegrin independence referendum
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco Proclamation of Independence DayJanuary 111944 France and Spain
Independence DayNovember 181955 France and Spain Return of Mohammed V of Morocco from exile
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique June 251975 Portugal
Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar Independence Day January 41948 [2] United Kingdom Burmese Declaration of Independence
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia March 211990 South Africa
Flag of Nauru.svg  Nauru January 311968 Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom
Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal None
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands, The July 261581 Spanish Empire Declaration of Independence in 1581 as the Dutch Republic
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand None
Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua Independence DaySeptember 151821 [2] Spanish Empire Act of Independence of Central America [43]
Flag of Niger.svg  Niger Independence Day August 31960 France Effective date of the agreement with France signed on July 11. [18]
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria Independence Day October 11960 United Kingdom
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia Independence Day (Den na nezavisnosta)September 81991 SFR Yugoslavia
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway Constitution Day May 171814 [2] Denmark National Day: Independence and the Constitution of Norway (May 17, 1814)
Independence Day June 71905 Sweden Union Dissolution and Independence Day (June 7, 1905)
Flag of Oman.svg  Oman National Day November 181650 Portugal
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan Independence Day (Youm-e-Azadi)August 141947 United Kingdom Effective date of the Indian Independence Act 1947; [66] see also: Pakistan Day (March 23)
Flag of Palau.svg  Palau None
Flag of Palestine.svg  Palestine National Day November 151988 Israel Palestinian Declaration of Independence
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama November 281821 Spain Independence Act of Panama
November 31903 Colombia Panama was member of the "Gran Colombia" until 1903. The 1903 separation from Colombia is celebrated as an official holiday day on November 3.
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg  Papua New Guinea September 161975 [2] Australia of the former Territory of Papua and New Guinea
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay Independence DayMay 151811 Spanish Empire [67]
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru Fiestas Patrias July 281821 Spanish Empire
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines Independence Day (Araw ng Kalayaan or Araw ng Kasarinlan)June 121898 [2] Spanish Empire Philippine Declaration of Independence by Emilio Aguinaldo during the Philippine Revolution against Spain. The Philippines achieved self-rule from the United States on July 4, 1946, and celebrated July 4 as Independence Day until 1964. [70]
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland Independence Day (Święto Niepodległości)November 111918 Russian Empire and German Empire Restoration of Poland's independence in 1918 after 123 years of partitions by Russia, Prussia, and Austria.
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal Restoration of Independence DayDecember 11640 Spanish Empire Portugal was officially an autonomous state, but the country was in a personal union with the Spanish crown from 1580 to 1640 – date of the restoration of full Portuguese autonomy from Iberian Union with Spain. [71]
Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar National Day December 181878 Ottoman Empire
Independence from BritainDecember 181971 United Kingdom The former is celebrated more often
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania May 91877 Ottoman Empire Romania's declaration of its independence, while the ultimately victorious independence war against the Ottoman Empire in 1877–1878 alongside Russia, was just beginning. [72]
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia None
Flag of Rwanda.svg  Rwanda Independence DayJuly 11962 [2] Belgium Effective date of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1746 terminating the Ruanda-Urundi Trusteeship [26] [27]
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis Independence DaySeptember 191983 [2] United Kingdom
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg  Saint Lucia Independence DayFebruary 221979 [2] United Kingdom
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Independence DayOctober 271979 [2] United Kingdom
Flag of Samoa.svg  Samoa June 11962 [2] New Zealand
Flag of San Marino.svg  San Marino None
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg  São Tomé and Príncipe Independence DayJuly 121975 [2] Portugal Effective date of the agreement with Portugal reached on November 26, 1974 [73] [74]
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia None
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal Independence DayApril 41960 [2] France
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia Statehood Day February 151804 Ottoman Empire The beginning of First Serbian Uprising in 1804, it evolved into a Serbian Revolution, war for independence from Ottoman Empire; and the adoption of the first Constitution in 1835.
Flag of the Seychelles.svg  Seychelles June 291976 [2] United Kingdom
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg  Sierra Leone Independence DayApril 271961 [2] United Kingdom
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore National Day August 91965 Malaysia Proclamation of Singapore
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia July 171992Declaration of Independence in 1992 (only a remembrance day), de jure independence came on January 1, 1993 after the division of Czechoslovakia (public holiday).
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia Independence and Unity Day December 26 and June 251991 SFR Yugoslavia Date of the release of the official results of the independence plebiscite in 1990, confirming secession from Yugoslavia. (Statehood Day) Declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991.
Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg  Solomon Islands Independence DayJuly 71978 [2] United Kingdom
Flag of Somalia.svg  Somalia Independence Day July 11960 [2] Italy and United Kingdom Union of the Trust Territory of Somalia (former Italian Somaliland) and British Somaliland to form the Somali Republic. Event commemorated annually.
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa Not a holidayDecember 111931 United Kingdom Independence in 1931 in terms of the Balfour Declaration of 1926 which is not a public holiday. The Union of South Africa formed on May 31, 1910 and the Republic of South Africa declared on May 31, 1961 under minority rule during Apartheid. Majority rule achieved on April 27, 1994, which is celebrated annually as the Freedom Day.
Flag of South Sudan.svg  South Sudan Independence DayJuly 92011 [2] Sudan
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain None
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka Independence Day February 41948 [2] United Kingdom
Flag of Sudan.svg  Sudan Independence DayJanuary 11956 [2] Egypt and the United Kingdom
Flag of Suriname.svg  Suriname Independence DayNovember 251975 [2] Netherlands
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden National Day June 61523Celebrates the election of King Gustav Vasa in 1523 and the new constitutions in 1809 and 1974. The election of King Gustav Vasa was the de facto end of the Kalmar Union and has been seen as a formal declaration of independence.
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland Swiss National Day August 11291Alliance against the Holy Roman Empire in 1291.
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria Evacuation Day April 171946 [2] France End of the French Mandate of Syria in 1946.
Flag of Tajikistan.svg  Tajikistan Independence Day September 91991 [2] Soviet Union
Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania December 91961 United Kingdom Independence as Tanganyika
Flag of Togo.svg  Togo April 271960 [2] France
Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga June 41970 United Kingdom Termination of protectorate status in 1970
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago Independence DayAugust 311962 [2] United Kingdom Effective date of the Trinidad and Tobago Independence Act 1962
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia Independence DayMarch 201956 [2] France
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey None Republic Day (October 29) and National Sovereignty and Children's Day (April 23) celebrate the founding of the Republic of Turkey, but are not independence days.
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg  Turkmenistan Independence Day September 271991 Soviet Union [75]
Flag of Tuvalu.svg  Tuvalu Independence DayOctober 11978 [2] United Kingdom
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda Independence DayOctober 91962 [2] United Kingdom
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine Independence Day August 241991 Soviet Union Declaration of Independence of Ukraine
Day of Unity January 221919 Russian Republic Unification of Ukraine on January 22, 1919. [76]
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates National Day December 21971 United Kingdom
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom None
Flag of the United States.svg  United States Independence Day or Fourth of JulyJuly 41776 [2] Kingdom of Great Britain United States Declaration of Independence
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay Independence DayAugust 251825 [2] United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata Declaration of independence and union with the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata.
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan Independence Day September 11991 [2] Soviet Union
Flag of Vanuatu.svg  Vanuatu Independence DayJuly 301980 [2] United Kingdom and France
Flag of the Vatican City.svg   Vatican City None
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela Independence DayJuly 51811 [2] Spanish Empire Venezuelan Declaration of Independence
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam Independence Day September 21945 [2] Japan and France
Flag of Yemen.svg  Yemen November 301967 United Kingdom Declaration of independence as South Yemen
Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia Independence DayOctober 241964 [2] United Kingdom Effective date of the Zambia Independence Act 1964
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe Independence DayApril 181980 [2] United Kingdom Effective date of the Lancaster House Agreement

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Kassym-Jomart Tokayev Kazakhstani politician and diplomat

Kassym-Jomart Kemeluly Tokayev is a Kazakh politician and diplomat. He took office as the president of Kazakhstan on 20 March 2019, succeeding Nursultan Nazarbayev, who resigned on 19 March 2019 after 29 years in office. Tokayev was elected president of Kazakhstan in a snap election on 9 June 2019 with 71% of the popular vote. According to the OSCE, "significant irregularities were observed on election day, including cases of ballot box stuffing, and a disregard of counting procedures meant that an honest count could not be guaranteed." "There were widespread detentions of peaceful protesters on election day in major cities", said the OSCE in their Statement of Preliminary Findings and Conclusions.

Decolonisation of Africa 1950s–70s independence of African colonies from Western European powers

The decolonisation of Africa took place in the mid-to-late 1950s to 1975, with sudden and radical regime changes on the continent as colonial governments made the transition to independent states; this was often quite unorganized and marred with violence and political turmoil. There was widespread unrest, with organized revolts in both northern and sub-Saharan colonies including the Algerian War in French Algeria, the Angolan War of Independence in Portuguese Angola, the Congo Crisis in the Belgian Congo, and the Mau Mau Uprising in British Kenya.

Decolonization of the Americas Process by which the countries in the Americas gained their independence from European rule

Decolonization of the Americas refers to the process by which the countries in the Americas gained their independence from European rule. The American Revolution was the first in the Americas, and the British defeat in the American Revolutionary War (1775–1783) was a surprising victory against a great power. The French Revolution in Europe followed, and collectively these events had profound effects on the British, Spanish, Portuguese, and French colonies in the Americas. A revolutionary wave followed, resulting in the creation of a number of independent countries in Latin America. The Haitian Revolution lasted from 1791 to 1804 and resulted in the independence of the French slave colony. The Peninsular War with France, which resulted from the Napoleonic occupation of Spain, caused Spanish Creoles in Spanish America to question their allegiance to Spain, stoking independence movements that culminated in various Spanish American wars of independence (1808–33), which were primarily fought between opposing groups of colonists and only secondarily against Spanish forces. At the same time, the Portuguese monarchy relocated to Brazil during Portugal's French occupation. After the royal court returned to Lisbon, the prince regent, Pedro, remained in Brazil and in 1822 successfully declared himself emperor of a newly independent Brazil.

The decolonization of Asia was the gradual growth of independence movements in Asia, leading ultimately to the retreat of foreign powers and the creation of a number of nation-states in the region. A number of events were catalysts for this shift, most importantly the Second World War. Prior to World War II, some countries had already proclaimed independence.

The decolonization of Oceania occurred after World War II when nations in Oceania achieved independence by transitioning from European colonial rule to full independence.

Foreign relations of the State of Palestine

The foreign relations of the State of Palestine have been conducted since the establishment of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) in 1964. In November 1988, the PLO's Palestinian National Council declared the independence of the State of Palestine and in 1994 the PLO established the Palestinian National Authority (PNA) following the Oslo Accords. The PLO Executive Committee performs the functions of the government of the State of Palestine. Currently, the PLO maintains a network of offices in foreign countries and also represents the PNA abroad.

Special Committee on Decolonization U.N. General Assembly special committee

The United Nations Special Committee on the Situation with Regard to the Implementation of the Declaration on the Granting of Independence to Colonial Countries and Peoples, or the Special Committee on Decolonization (C-24), is a committee of the United Nations General Assembly that was established in 1961 and is exclusively devoted to the issue of decolonization.

Independence Day (Belarus) national holiday in Belarus on July 3, anniversary of the liberation of Minsk in 1944

Independence Day of the Republic of Belarus, also known as Republic Day or Liberation Day is a public holiday, the independence day of Belarus and is celebrated each year on July 3. Independence Day is a non-working day.


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