List of national independence days

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An Independence Day is an annual event commemorating the anniversary of a nation's independence or statehood, usually after ceasing to be a group or part of another nation or state; more rarely after the end of a military occupation; and in the unique case of Singapore, expulsion from Malaysia.

Anniversary day that commemorates or celebrates a past event that occurred on the same day of the year, time of year or year as the initial event

An anniversary is the date on which an event took place or an institution was founded in a previous year, and may also refer to the commemoration or celebration of that event. For example, the first event is the initial occurrence or, if planned, the inaugural of the event. One year later would be the first anniversary of that event. The word was first used for Catholic feasts to commemorate saints.

A nation is a stable community of people, formed on the basis of a common language, territory, history, ethnicity, or psychological make-up manifested in a common culture.

Sovereign state Political organization with a centralized independent government

In international law, a sovereign state, sovereign country, or simply state, is a nonphysical juridical entity that is represented by one centralized government that has sovereignty over a geographic area. International law defines sovereign states as having a permanent population, defined territory, one government, and the capacity to enter into relations with other sovereign states. It is also normally understood that a sovereign state is neither dependent on nor subjected to any other power or state.

Contents

Most countries observe their respective independence days as national holidays.

National day Designated date on which celebrations mark the nationhood of a nation

A national day is a designated date on which celebrations mark the nationhood of a nation or non-sovereign country. This nationhood can be symbolized by the date of independence, of becoming a republic or a significant date for a patron saint or a ruler. Often the day is not called "National Day" but serves and can be considered as one. The national day will often be a national holiday. Many countries have more than one national day.

List

The following is a partial list of independence days of countries around the world:

CountryDate of holidayYear celebratedEvent celebratedName of holiday
Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan August 191919Independence from the United Kingdom in 1919. Afghan Independence Day
Flag of Albania.svg  Albania November 281912Declared by Ismail Qemal Vlora in 1912 and signaled the end of five centuries of Ottoman rule. Independence Day/Dita e Pavarësisë
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria July 51962Independence from France in 1962. Independence Day (Algeria)
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola November 111975Independence from Portugal in 1975.
Flag of Anguilla.svg  Anguilla May 301967Independence from St. Christopher-Nevis-Anguilla in 1967.Anguilla Day
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg  Antigua and Barbuda November 11981Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981.Independence Day [1]
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina July 91816Independence declared from the Spanish Empire in 1816. Independence Day
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia May 281918Declaration of independence from Russian Empire in 1918.
September 211991Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Independence Day
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria October 261955Restoration of sovereignty and signing of the Declaration of Neutrality in 1955.National Day
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan May 281918Independence from the Russian Empire in 1918 and declaration of the Republic.Republic Day
October 181991Independence re-declared from the Soviet Union in 1991. Day of the State Independence of Azerbaijan
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas, The July 101973Independence from the United Kingdom in 1973.Bahamian Independence Day
Flag of Bahrain.svg  Bahrain December 161971Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971. Bahrain Independence Day
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh March 261971Independence was declared from Pakistan and this led to a nine-month war ending on December 16, 1971. Independence Day of Bangladesh
Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados November 301966Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.Independence Day
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus July 31944The liberation of Minsk after several years of German occupation in 1944. Independence Day of Belarus
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium July 211831Independence from the United Netherlands (Belgian revolution) on October 4, 1830. Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld took the oath as first King of the Belgians on July 21, 1831. Belgian National Day
Flag of Belize.svg  Belize September 211981Independence from the United Kingdom in 1981. September Celebrations
Flag of Benin.svg  Benin August 11960Independence from France in 1960.
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia August 61825Independence from Spain in 1825.
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Bosnia and Herzegovina March 11992Independence from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1992. Independence Day (Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana September 301966Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966 Independence Day (Botswana)
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil September 71822 Independence from the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves on September 7, 1822. Recognized on August 29, 1825. Dia da Independência or Sete de Setembro
Flag of Brunei.svg  Brunei January 11984Independence from the United Kingdom in 1984. National Day celebrations are held on February 23.National Day
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria March 31878Independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1878.
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso August 51960Independence from France in 1960.
Flag of Burundi.svg  Burundi July 11962Independence from Belgium in 1962. Independence Day
Flag of Cambodia.svg  Cambodia November 91953Independence from France in 1953.
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon January 11960Independence from France and United Kingdom in 1960.
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada July 11867Granted nominal independence from United Kingdom in 1867. However, as the current province of Newfoundland and Labrador was a former British dominion, it celebrates Discovery Day on June 24 and mourns on July 1 for their World War I war dead. See Memorial Day (Newfoundland and Labrador). Canada Day (Prior to 1982 known as Dominion Day)
Flag of Cape Verde.svg  Cape Verde July 51975Independence from Portugal in 1975.
Flag of Catalonia.svg  Catalonia September 11Catalonian national day.
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg  Central African Republic August 131960Independence from France in 1960.
Flag of Chad.svg  Chad August 111960Independence from France in 1960.
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile September 181810Chileans celebrate the date of the first Government Junta, September 18, 1810. This date was not recognized as such until April 25, 1844.[ clarification needed ] Fiestas Patrias
February 121818Independence from Spain in 1818.Not a holiday
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China October 11949Independence from Kuomintang and establishment of People's Republic of China by the Chinese Communist Party. National Day of the People's Republic of China
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia July 20 and August 71810 and 1819Independence from Spain in 1810.
Flag of the Comoros.svg  Comoros July 61975Independence from France in 1975.
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg  Congo, Democratic Republic of the June 301960Independence from Belgium in 1960.
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg  Congo, Republic of the August 151960Independence from France in 1960.
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica September 151821Independence from Spain in 1821.
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Côte d’Ivoire August 71960Independence from France in 1960.
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia October 81991Independence from SFR Yugoslavia in 1991. Independence Day (Croatia)
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba January 11959Independence from Spain in 1902, but Cuba National Day is celebrated on January 1 (Anniversary of the Revolution).
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus October 11960Independence from the United Kingdom on August 16, 1960, but Cyprus Independence Day is commonly celebrated on October 1. Independence Day (Cyprus)
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic October 281918As Czechoslovakia, marking foundation and declaration of independence from Austria-Hungary on October 28, 1918.
January 11993As the Czech Republic after the split of Czechoslovakia in 1993.
Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti June 271977Independence from France in 1977.
Flag of Dominica.svg  Dominica November 31978Independence from the United Kingdom in 1978.
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic February 271821 and 1844Independence from Spain on December 1821. [2]
Independence re-declared from Haiti in 1844, after a 22-year occupation.
Flag of East Timor.svg  East Timor May 202002Independence from Portugal in 2002 (recognition, East Timor was invaded by Indonesia from 1975 to 1999, officially it never ceased to be considered as administrated by Portugal).
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador August 101809Proclaimed independence from Spain on August 10, 1809, but failed with the execution of all the conspirators of the movement on August 2, 1810.
May 241822Independence finally occurred on May 24, 1822 at the Battle of Pichincha.
Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador September 151821Independence from Spain in 1821.
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea October 121968Independence from Spain in 1968.
Flag of Eritrea.svg  Eritrea May 241993Independence from Ethiopia in 1993. Independence Day (Eritrea)
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia February 241918 Independence from the Russian Empire in 1918. Independence Day (Estonia)
August 201991Independence re-declared from the Soviet Union in 1991.
Flag of Eswatini.svg  Eswatini September 61968Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.Somhlolo Day
Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji October 101970Independence from the United Kingdom in 1970. Fiji Day
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland December 61917Independence from Russia in 1917. Recognized on January 4, 1918. Independence Day (Finland)
Flag of Flanders.svg  Flanders July 11Flemish national dayVlaamse Feestdag
Flag of France.svg  France July 141789Storming and Destruction of the Bastille by the French troops. Bastille Day
Flag of Gabon.svg  Gabon August 171960Independence from France in 1960.
Flag of The Gambia.svg  Gambia, The February 181965Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965.
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia May 261918Day of the proclamation of the Democratic Republic of Georgia in 1918. Independence Day
April 91991Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991.Day of National Unity
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana March 61957Independence from the United Kingdom in 1957.
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece March 251821Declaration of independence from Ottoman Empire in 1821. Start of the Greek War of Independence.
Flag of Grenada.svg  Grenada February 71974Independence from the United Kingdom in 1974. Independence Day (Grenada)
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala September 151821Independence from Spain in 1821.
Flag of Guinea.svg  Guinea October 21958Independence from France in 1958.
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg  Guinea-Bissau September 241973Declaration of independence from Portugal in 1973.
Flag of Guyana.svg  Guyana May 261966Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti January 11804Declaration of independence from France in 1804.
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras September 151821Independence from Spain in 1821.
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong July 11997Transfer of sovereignty from the United Kingdom to China in 1997.Establishment Day (of the Special Administrative Region of Hong Kong)
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary October 231989 Opening of its previously-restricted border with Austria in 1989, and establishment as a democratic parliamentary republic.
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland June 171944Foundation of republic in 1944.
Flag of India.svg  India August 151947Independence from the United Kingdom in 1947. Independence Day (India)
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia August 171945 Declaration of Independence day (Hari Proklamasi Kemerdekaan R.I.) from the Netherlands on August 17, 1945. The Netherlands acknowledged Indonesian independence and sovereignty in 1949. The Dutch government formally acknowledged August 17, 1945 as the only true date of Indonesian Independence in 2008. [3] [ failed verification ] Hari Kemerdekaan Republik Indonesia, or Hari Ulang Tahun Kemerdekaan Indonesia (Independence Anniversary Day of Indonesia)
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran April 11979After holding a referendum, Iran officially became an Islamic republic in April 1979.
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq October 31932Independence from the United Kingdom in 1932.
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland April 241916 Proclamation of the Irish Republic commencing the Easter Rising on April 24, 1916. Independence from the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Usually celebrated on Easter Monday.
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel Iyar 5
(On or between April 15 and May 15, depending on the Hebrew calendar).
1948Independence from the British Mandate for Palestine, which took place on May 14, 1948 (5 Iyar 5708 in the Hebrew calendar). Yom Ha'atzmaut is celebrated on the Tuesday, Wednesday or Thursday nearest to 5 Iyar, so it occurs between 3 and 6 Iyar each year; this means that the holiday can fall any time between and including April 15 and May 15, according to the Gregorian calendar. Yom Ha'atzmaut
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica August 61962 Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan May 251946Independence from the United Kingdom in 1946.
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan December 161991Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Kazakhstan Independence Day
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya December 121963Independence from the United Kingdom in 1963. Jamhuri Day
Flag of Kiribati.svg  Kiribati July 121979Independence from the United Kingdom in 1979.
Flag of North Korea.svg  DPRK (North Korea) August 151945Founding of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in 1948. Korean War 1950-1953. Chogukhaebangŭi nal
Flag of South Korea.svg  Republic of Korea (South Korea) March 11919 Korean Declaration of Independence in 1919. This day is celebrated as Samiljeol, or Independence Proclamation Day. Samiljeol
August 151945Liberation from the Empire of Japan in 1945. See Japanese Occupation of Korea. The Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea was founded in 1919. Korean War 1950-1953. Gwangbokjeol
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo February 172008Independence from Serbia in 2008. (Only partially recognized)
Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait February 251961Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg  Kyrgyzstan August 311991Independence from USSR in 1991. Independence Day (Kyrgyzstan)
Flag of Laos.svg  Laos October 221953Independence from France on October 22, 1953.
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia November 181918Proclamation of independence on November 18, 1918. Latvia was part of Russian Empire prior to the WWI, but its territory had been ceded to German Empire in March 1918 Proclamation Day of the Republic of Latvia
May 41990Restoration of independence from Soviet Union on May 4, 1990.
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon November 221943Independence from France in 1943. Lebanese Independence Day
Flag of Lesotho.svg  Lesotho October 41966Independence from the United Kingdom in 1966.
Flag of Liberia.svg  Liberia July 261847 Independence from the American Colonization Society in 1847.
Flag of Libya.svg  Libya December 241951Independence from Italy on 10 February 1947, released from British and French on December 24, 1951.
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania February 161918 Act of Independence of Lithuania: Independence from the Russian and German Empires in February 1918.
March 111990 Act of the Re-Establishment of the State of Lithuania: independence from the Soviet Union in March 1990.
Flag of Macau.svg  Macau December 201999Transfer of sovereignty from Portugal to China in 1997.Establishment Day (of the Special Administrative Region of Macau)
Flag of Madagascar.svg  Madagascar June 261960Independence from France in 1960.
Flag of Malawi.svg  Malawi July 61964Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia August 311957Independence of the Federation of Malaya from the United Kingdom in 1957. Hari Merdeka
Flag of Maldives.svg  Maldives July 261965Independence from the United Kingdom in 1965.
Flag of Mali.svg  Mali September 221960Independence from France in 1960.
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta September 211964Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964. Independence Day
Flag of Mauritania.svg  Mauritania November 281960Independence from France in 1960.
Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius March 121968Independence from the United Kingdom in 1968.
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico September 161810Independence from Spain declared in 1810. ("grito" ceremony at night of Sep 15; military parade at midday of Sep 16). Recognized on September 27, 1821. Grito de Dolores
Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova August 271991 Declaration of Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Independence Day
Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia December 29 [4] 1911Independence from the Great Qing in 1911. [5] [6] However, the newly established Mongolian government was too weak to resist the occupation of the Republic of China in 1919 and later White Russia in early 1921. After ousting Roman von Ungern-Sternberg's forces, the new communist government was officially established on June 11, 1921. [7] Independence Day (Mongolia)
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro May 212006 Referendum on independence from Serbia and Montenegro in 2006.
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco November 181956Independence from France and Spain in 1956.Independence Day
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique June 251975Independence from Portugal in 1975.
Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar January 41948Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948. Independence Day (Myanmar)
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia March 211990Independence from South Africa mandated in 1990.
Flag of Nauru.svg  Nauru January 311968Independence from Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom in 1968.
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands, The July 261581Declaration of Independence from Spanish Empire in 1581 as the Dutch Republic.
Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua September 151821Independence from Spain in 1821.
Flag of Niger.svg  Niger August 31960Independence from France in 1960. Independence Day (Niger)
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria October 11960Independence from the United Kingdom in 1960. Independence Day (Nigeria)
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia September 81991Independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. Den na nezavisnosta or Ден на независноста
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway May 171814Independence from Denmark (1814) and the Constitution of Norway (May 17, 1814).National day/Constitution Day
June 71905Finally independence from Sweden in 1905. The Norwegian Royal Family's return from exile during WWII in 1945.Independence Day/Union Dissolution Day
Flag of Oman.svg  Oman November 181650Independence from Portugal in 1650. National Day
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan August 141947Independence from the United Kingdom in 1947. Youm-e-Azadi
Flag of Palestine.svg  Palestine November 151988 Declared independence from Israel.
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama November 281821Independence from Spain in 1821.
November 31903Panama was member of the "Gran Colombia" until 1903. The 1903 separation from Colombia is celebrated as an official holiday day on November 3.
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg  Papua New Guinea September 161975Independence from Australia of the former Territory of Papua and New Guinea in 1975.
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay May 151811Independence from Spain in 1811. [8] Día de Independencia
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru July 281821Independence from Spain in 1821. Fiestas Patrias
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines June 121898Commemorates 1898 declaration by Emilio Aguinaldo during the Philippine Revolution against Spain. The Philippines achieved self-rule from the United States on July 4, 1946, and celebrated July 4 as Independence Day until 1964. [11] Araw ng Kalayaan or Araw ng Kasarinlan
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland November 111918Restoration of Poland's independence in 1918 after 123 years of partitions by Russia, Prussia, and Austria. Święto Niepodległości (Independence Day)
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal December 11640Portugal was officially an autonomous state, but the country was in a personal union with the Spanish crown from 1580 to 1640 - date of the restoration of full Portuguese autonomy from Iberian Union with Spain. [12] Restoration of Independence Day
Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar December 181971Original independence from the United Kingdom on 7 September. Qatar National Day
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania May 91877Romania's declaration of its independence, while the ultimately victorious independence war against the Ottoman Empire in 1877–1878 alongside Russia, was just beginning. [13]
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia June 121992It commemorates the adoption of the Declaration of State Sovereignty of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (RSFSR) on June 12, 1990. The passage of this Declaration by the First Congress of People's Deputies marked the beginning of constitutional reform in the Russian Soviet state. Russia Day
Flag of Rwanda.svg  Rwanda July 11962Independence from Belgium in 1962.
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis September 191983Independence from the United Kingdom in 1983.
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg  Saint Lucia February 221979Independence from the United Kingdom in 1979.Independence Day
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines October 271979Independence from the United Kingdom in 1979.
Flag of Samoa.svg  Samoa January 11962Independence from New Zealand in 1962.
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg  São Tomé and Príncipe July 121975Independence from Portugal in 1975.
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal April 41960Independence from France in 1960.
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia February 151804The beginning of First Serbian Uprising in 1804, it evolved into a Serbian Revolution, war for independence from Ottoman Empire; and the adoption of the first Constitution in 1835. Statehood Day
Flag of the Seychelles.svg  Seychelles June 291976Independence from the United Kingdom in 1976.
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg  Sierra Leone April 271961Independence from the United Kingdom in 1961.
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore August 91965Marks expulsion from the Malaysian Federation in 1965. Only independent state to have an Independence Day due to its expulsion. National Day (Singapore)
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia July 171992Declaration of Independence in 1992 (only a remembrance day), de jure independence came on January 1, 1993 after the division of Czechoslovakia (public holiday).
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia December 26 and June 251991Date of the release of the official results of the independence plebiscite in 1990, confirming secession from Yugoslavia. (Statehood Day) Declared independence from Yugoslavia in 1991. Independence and Unity Day
Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg  Solomon Islands July 71978Independence from the United Kingdom in 1978.
Flag of Somalia.svg  Somalia July 11960Union of the Trust Territory of Somalia (former Italian Somaliland) and British Somaliland to form the Somali Republic. Event commemorated annually. Independence Day (Somalia)
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa December 111931Independence from the United Kingdom in 1931 in terms of the Balfour Declaration of 1926 which is not a public holiday. The Union of South Africa formed on May 31, 1910 and the Republic of South Africa declared on May 31, 1961 under minority rule during Apartheid. Majority rule achieved on April 27, 1994, which is celebrated annually as Freedom Day.
Flag of South Sudan.svg  South Sudan July 92011Independence from Sudan in 2011.
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka February 41948Independence from the United Kingdom in 1948. Independence Day (Sri Lanka)
Flag of Sudan.svg  Sudan January 11956Independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom in 1956.
Flag of Suriname.svg  Suriname November 251975Independence from the Netherlands in 1975.
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden June 61523Celebrates the election of King Gustav Vasa in 1523 and the new constitutions in 1809 and 1974. The election of King Gustav Vasa was the de facto end of the Kalmar Union and has been seen as a formal declaration of independence. National Day of Sweden
Flag of Switzerland.svg  Switzerland August 11291Alliance against the Holy Roman Empire in 1291. Swiss National Day
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria April 171946End of the French Mandate of Syria in 1946. Evacuation Day
Flag of the Republic of China.svg  Taiwan October 101911Independence from the Great Qing in 1911. The Republic of China was founded on the mainland on 1 January 1912 while Taiwan was under Japanese rule. National Day of the Republic of China
Flag of Tajikistan.svg  Tajikistan September 91991Independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. Independence Day (Tajikistan)
Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania December 91961Independence of Tanganyika from the United Kingdom in 1961.
Flag of Togo.svg  Togo April 271960Independence from France in 1960.
Flag of Tibet.svg  Tibet February 131913Independence from Manchu's Qing Dynasty in 1913. Later invaded in October 1950 by China and currently administered by China. Tibetan Independence Day
Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga June 41970Termination of protectorate status under the United Kingdom in 1970.
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago August 311962Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia March 201956Independence from France in 1956.
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg  Turkmenistan October 271991Declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991. [14] Independence Day (Turkmenistan)
Flag of Tuvalu.svg  Tuvalu October 11978Independence from the United Kingdom in 1978.
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda October 91962Independence from the United Kingdom in 1962.
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine August 241991 Declaration of Independence of Ukraine from the Soviet Union in 1991. Independence Day of Ukraine
January 221919 Unification of Ukraine on January 22, 1919. [15] Day of Unity of Ukraine
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates December 21971Independence from the United Kingdom in 1971. National Day
Flag of the United States.svg  United States July 41776 Declaration of Independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain (now the United Kingdom) in 1776. Independence Day (United States) or Fourth of July
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay August 251825Declaration of independence from the Empire of Brazil and union with the United Provinces of the Rio de la Plata. Declaratoria de la Independencia
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan September 11991Independence from Soviet Union in 1991. Independence Day (Uzbekistan)
Flag of Vanuatu.svg  Vanuatu July 301980Independence from the United Kingdom and France in 1980.
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela July 51811Declaration of independence from Spain in 1811.
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam September 21945Proclamation of independence from Japan and France in 1945. Independence Day (Vietnam)
Flag of Yemen.svg  Yemen November 301967 South Yemen Declaration of independence from the United Kingdom in 1967.
Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia October 241964Independence from the United Kingdom in 1964.
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe April 181980Independence from the United Kingdom in 1980.

See also

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Independence Day is an annual national holiday in the Philippines observed on June 12, commemorating the independence of the Philippines from Spain.

History of the Philippines (1946–65)

This article covers the history of the Philippines from the recognition of independence in 1946 to the end of the presidency of Diosdado Macapagal, which covered much of the Third Republic of the Philippines which ended on January 17, 1973 with the ratification of the 1973 Constitution of the Republic of the Philippines.

The decolonisation of Asia was the gradual growth of independence movements in Asia, leading ultimately to the retreat of foreign powers and the creation of a number of nation-states in the region. A number of events were catalysts for this shift, most importantly the Second World War. Prior to World War II, some countries had already proclaimed independence.

The Sovereignty of the Philippines refers to the status of the Philippines as an independent nation. This article covers sovereignty transitions relating to the Philippines, with particular emphasis on the passing of sovereignty from Spain to the United States in the Treaty of Paris (1898), signed on December 10, 1898 to end the Spanish–American War.

Philippine two hundred peso note

The Philippine two hundred-peso note (₱200) is a denomination of Philippine currency. Philippine president Diosdado Macapagal is currently featured on the front side of the note, and since 2017, President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo's inauguration as the 14th President of the Philippines is on the lower-left side on the note just in front of the scene of the Declaration of Philippine Independence, and the scene of the opening of the Malolos Congress is also present on the obverse side of the note. From 2010 to 2017, the Aguinaldo Shrine and the Barasoain Church were featured on the front side of the note. The Chocolate Hills and the Philippine tarsier is featured on the reverse side. Currently, it is the rarest denomination circulating in the country.

Independence Day (Belarus) national holiday in Belarus on July 3, anniversary of the liberation of Minsk in 1944

Independence Day of the Republic of Belarus, also known as Republic Day or Liberation Day is a public holiday, the independence day of Belarus and is celebrated each year on July 3. Independence Day is a non-working day.

Gabriel Fabella Filipino historian

Gabriel Fabrero Fabella was a prominent Filipino historian during the 20th century. He is primarily known as the historian behind Philippine President Diosdado Macapagal's decision to issue Proclamation No. 28 on May 12, 1962, which changed the date of Philippine independence from July 4, 1946 to June 12, 1898 — the date when Philippine President Emilio Aguinaldo proclaimed the country's independence from Spain in Kawit, Cavite. For this achievement, Fabella became known as the "Father of June 12 Independence Day."

References

Specific
  1. Pompeo (Nov 1, 2018). "Antigua and Barbuda's Independence Day Press Statement". USA Secretary of State.
  2. "Embassy of the Dominican Republic, in the United States". Archived from the original on 2015-06-26. Retrieved February 27, 2009.
  3. "detikNews - Berita hari ini di Indonesia dan Internasional".
  4. Xiaoyuan Liu – Reins of Liberation, p.6
  5. Stephen Kotkin, Bruce A. Elleman – Mongolia in the twentieth century: landlocked cosmopolitan, p.74
  6. David Sneath – The Headless State: Aristocratic Orders, Kinship Society, and Misrepresentations of Nomadic Inner Asia, p.36
  7. Duke University. School of Law – Unification of law, 1965, Volume 30, p.282
  8. "Paraguay Independence Day". Archived from the original on 2015-11-29.
  9. Diosdado Macapagal, Proclamation No. 28 Declaring June 12 as Philippine Independence Day, Philippine History Group of Los Angeles, archived from the original on May 12, 2009, retrieved November 11, 2009
  10. "Republic Act No. 4166". August 4, 1964. Retrieved August 5, 2009.
  11. In 1962, President Diosdado Macapagal signed a proclamation which declared Tuesday, June 12, 1962 as a special public holiday in commemoration of the declaration of independence from Spain on that date in 1898. That proclamation did not move the date of the Independence Day holiday in the Philippines. [9] The date of the holiday was moved in 1964, with the signing of Republic Act No. 4166. [10]
  12. The country's original independence (from the Kingdom of León) occurred in June 24, 1128 (Battle of São Mamede) and was recognized on October 5, 1143. That day is a holiday in Portugal, but for a different reason. (Implantation of the Republic, or Republic Day. Event of 1910.) Note that none of these events are similar to today's declarations or recognition of independence as these are in fact the recognition of the rule of a king to the land. Portugal existed as a separate entity before 1143 and during the union with Spain between 1580 and 1640.
  13. Cristea, Irina Andreea (9 May 2018). "9 Mai - Ziua Independenţei de Stat a României". www.agerpres.ro (in Romanian). Agerpres . Retrieved 10 May 2018.
  14. Edgar, Adrienne Lynn (2004). Tribal Nation: The Making of Soviet Turkmenistan. Princeton: Princeton University Press. p. 1. ISBN   0-691-11775-6. On October 27, 1991, the Turkmen Soviet Socialist Republic declared its independence from the Soviet Union.
  15. "Holidays". Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine. Archived from the original on 2006-04-20. Retrieved 2008-08-24.
General
United Nations Intergovernmental organization

The United Nations (UN) is an intergovernmental organization tasked with maintaining international peace and security, developing friendly relations among nations, achieving international co-operation, and being a centre for harmonizing the actions of nations. It was established after World War II, with the aim of preventing future wars, and succeeded the ineffective League of Nations. Its headquarters, which are subject to extraterritoriality, are in Manhattan, New York City, and it has other main offices in Geneva, Nairobi, Vienna and The Hague. The organization is financed by assessed and voluntary contributions from its member states. Its objectives include maintaining international peace and security, protecting human rights, delivering humanitarian aid, promoting sustainable development, and upholding international law. The UN is the largest, most familiar, most internationally represented and most powerful intergovernmental organization in the world. At its founding, the UN had 51 member states; there are now 193.