National day

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Independence or Death, famous painting from Pedro Americo that celebrates the Independence Day of Brazil. Independence of Brazil 1888.jpg
Independence or Death , famous painting from Pedro Américo that celebrates the Independence Day of Brazil.
On Sveriges nationaldag in Sweden the King and Queen (in national costume) celebrate Sweden's independence each year on 6 June. Carl XVI Gustaf och Silvia pa Skansen 2009.jpg
On Sveriges nationaldag in Sweden the King and Queen (in national costume) celebrate Sweden's independence each year on 6 June.

A national day is a designated date on which celebrations mark the nationhood of a nation or non-sovereign country. This nationhood can be symbolized by the date of independence, of becoming a republic or a significant date for a patron saint or a ruler (birthday, accession, removal, etc.). Often the day is not called "National Day" but serves and can be considered as one. The national day will often be a national holiday. Many countries have more than one national day.

Contents

Most countries have a fixed-date national day, but some have movable dates. An example is Jamaica, which up to 1997 celebrated its national day on the first Monday in August. This commemorated independence from the United Kingdom which was attained on Monday, 6 August 1962, the first Monday in August of that year. Israel's Independence Day is not fixed relative to the civil Gregorian calendar, being formally linked to 5 Iyar on the Jewish calendar, but may also be moved to any day between 3 and 6 Iyar in order to avoid preparing for or celebrating either Independence Day or Memorial Day (which immediately precedes Independence Day) on Shabbat; the practical effect of this is that Independence Day may be celebrated any day between 15 April and 15 May.

Most national days can be categorized in two large blocks:[ citation needed ]

Denmark and the United Kingdom are among the few countries that do not have designated national days (though Constitution Day has many of the same features of a national day in Denmark's case).

Celebrations

Importance attached to the national day as well as the degree to which it is celebrated vary greatly from country to country. For example, Spain's national day Fiesta Nacional de España is held on 12 October, the day celebrated in other countries as Columbus Day or Día de la Raza, and commemorates the anniversary of Christopher Columbus's arrival in the Americas. [1] A military parade is held in Madrid celebrating the occasion. [1] The national day in France is 14 July and known as the Fête nationale (known in English-speaking countries as Bastille Day) commemorating the Storming of the Bastille, [2] which is considered the start of the French Revolution. [3] It is widely celebrated and the French Tricolour is much in evidence, while the President of the Republic attends a military parade on the Champs-Élysées of Paris. In the United States, the Independence Day celebrations on 4 July are widely celebrated with parades, fireworks, picnics and barbecues. In Ireland, Saint Patrick's Day, 17 March, is the equivalent of a national day and has been a public holiday for many years. However, in the United Kingdom the constituent countries' patron saints' days are low-key affairs. In recent times campaigns have commenced to promote the national days of England, Scotland and Wales, with St. Andrew's Day being designated as an official bank holiday when the Scottish Parliament passed the St Andrew's Day Bank Holiday (Scotland) Act 2007. A National Day for the United Kingdom has also been proposed in recent years.

Some countries may celebrate their national day with a parade. Notable examples include the Bastille Day military parade and the Singapore National Day Parade.

List of national days

Map with reasons for national days BlankMap-World6 national days.svg
Map with reasons for national days

Regions that are not broadly recognized sovereign states are shown in pink. For regions controlled by sovereign states (such as federal states, autonomous regions, or colonies), the name of the sovereign state is shown in parentheses.

Days that are not fixed to the Gregorian calendar are sorted by their 2019 occurrences.

NationDateNational day
Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan 19 August Independence from United Kingdom control over Afghan foreign affairs in 1919. (see Afghan Independence Day)
Flag of Albania.svg  Albania 28 November Albanian Flag Day: Raising of the Albanian flag in Vlorë to announce the Albanian Declaration of Independence in 1912
Flag of Alderney.svg  Alderney (British Islands)15 DecemberHomecoming Day, the return of the Islanders after the end of the German occupation of the Channel Islands during World War II 1945
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 1 NovemberStart of the War of Independence in 1954
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 5 July Independence Day (Algeria) in 1962
Flag of American Samoa.svg  American Samoa (United States)17 April US Flag Day, commemorates the date American Samoa became a US territory and first flew the US flag in 1900, as well as the date of adoption of the American Samoan flag in 1960.
Flag of Andorra.svg  Andorra 8 September Our Lady of Meritxell Day, patron saint of Andorra, signing of the Paréage of Andorra 1278
Flag of Angola.svg  Angola 11 NovemberIndependence from Portugal in 1975
Flag of Anguilla.svg  Anguilla (United Kingdom)30 MayAnguilla Day; the beginning of the Anguillian Revolution in 1967
Flag of Antigua and Barbuda.svg  Antigua and Barbuda 1 NovemberIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1981
Flag of Aragon.svg  Aragon (Spain)23 April St. George's Day, patron saint of Aragon and his Crown. An XIII legend holds that during the battle of Alcoraz in 1096, Saint George appeared in support of Aragonese army force.
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 25 May First National Government , the Spanish viceroy is removed and replaced by the Primera Junta during the May Revolution in 1810
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 9 July Declaration of Independence, from Spain in 1816
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia 28 MayRepublic Day, independence from the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic 1918
Flag of Armenia.svg  Armenia 21 SeptemberIndependence from the Soviet Union recognised in 1991
Flag of Aruba.svg  Aruba (Kingdom of the Netherlands)18 MarchFlag Day; adoption of the flag in 1976
The Flag of Ascension Island.svg  Ascension (United Kingdom)2nd Saturday in June Queen's Official Birthday
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 26 January Australia Day, date of the founding of Sydney, the first European settlement in Australia, 1788
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 26 OctoberThe Neutrality Constitution of 1955
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan 28 MayRepublic Day, independence from the Transcaucasian Democratic Federative Republic 1918
Flag of the Azores.svg  Azores (Portugal)10 June (Pentecost Monday) Azores Day, gaining autonomy from Portugal in 1976.
Flag of the Bahamas.svg  Bahamas 10 JulyIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1973
Flag of Bahrain.svg  Bahrain 16 DecemberCoronation Day of Isa bin Salman Al Khalifa, the first Emir of Bahrain, in 1961
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh 26 March Independence Day, declaration of independence from Pakistan in 1971
Flag of Bangladesh.svg  Bangladesh 16 December Victory Day, the day the Bangladesh Liberation War ended in 1971
Flag of Barbados.svg  Barbados 30 NovemberIndependence Day, from the United Kingdom in 1966
Flag of Belarus.svg  Belarus 3 July Independence Day, liberation of Minsk from German occupation by Soviet troops in 1944
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 21 July National Day, Leopold of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld takes the oath as the first King of the Belgians in 1831
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 15 November King's Feast
Flag of Belize.svg  Belize 10 SeptemberThe Battle of St. George's Caye Day commemorates the battle that occurred in 1798. [4] [ circular reference ]
Flag of Belize.svg  Belize 21 SeptemberIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1981
Flag of Benin.svg  Benin 1 AugustIndependence from France in 1960
Flag of Bermuda.svg  Bermuda (United Kingdom)24 MayOriginally Queen Victoria's birthday; now "Bermuda Day" to celebrate the islands' heritage and culture
Flag of Bhutan.svg  Bhutan 17 December Ugyen Wangchuck elected hereditary king in 1907
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia 6 August Proclamation of Republic (independent from Spain) in 1825
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegovina)1 MarchDan nezavisnosti; Proclamation of independence from Yugoslavia in 1992
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina.svg  Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegovina)25 NovemberStatehood Day, formation of the State Anti-fascist Council for the National Liberation of Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1943
Flag of Botswana.svg  Botswana 30 SeptemberIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1966
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 7 September Dia da Independência, declaration of independence from Portugal in 1822
Flag of the British Virgin Islands.svg  British Virgin Islands (United Kingdom)1 July
Flag of Brunei.svg  Brunei 23 FebruaryNational Day, celebrating independence from the United Kingdom in 1984, which actually occurred on 1 January
Flag of the Brussels-Capital Region.svg  Brussels-Capital Region (Belgium)8 May Iris Day  [ fr; nl ]
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 3 March Liberation Day, autonomy within Ottoman Empire in 1878
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 6 September Unification Day, unification of the Eastern Rumelia with the Principality of Bulgaria in 1885
Flag of Bulgaria.svg  Bulgaria 22 SeptemberIndependence Day, Declaration of Independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1908
Flag of Burkina Faso.svg  Burkina Faso 11 DecemberProclamation of the Republic
Flag of Burundi.svg  Burundi 1 JulyIndependence from Belgium in 1962
Flag of Cambodia.svg  Cambodia 9 NovemberIndependence from France in 1953
Flag of Cameroon.svg  Cameroon 20 May National Day, creation of a unitary state in 1972
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 1 July Canada Day, creation of a federal Canada from three British Dominions in 1867
Flag of Catalonia.svg  Catalonia (Spain)11 September National Day, commemorates the fall of Barcelona during the War of the Spanish Succession in 1714
Flag of Cape Verde.svg  Cape Verde 5 JulyIndependence from Portugal in 1975
Flag of the Cayman Islands.svg  Cayman Islands (United Kingdom)1st Monday in July
Flag of the Central African Republic.svg  Central African Republic 1 DecemberMade an autonomous territory within the French Community in 1958
Flag of Chad.svg  Chad 11 AugustIndependence from France in 1960
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 18 September The first Government Junta is created in 1810
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg People's Republic of China 1 October National Day of the People's Republic of China (Proclamation of the People's Republic of China in 1949)
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Republic of China 1 JanuaryFounding Day of the Republic of China, establishment of the Provisional Government in 1912
Flag of the Republic of China.svg Republic of China 10 October Double Ten Day commemorating the 1911 Wuchang Uprising that led to abolishment of the monarchy and founding of the Republic in China in 1911
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia 20 July Declaration of independence from Spain in 1810
Flag of the Comoros.svg  Comoros 6 JulyIndependence from France in 1975
Flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo.svg Democratic Republic of the Congo 30 JuneIndependence from Belgium in 1960
Flag of the Republic of the Congo.svg Republic of the Congo 15 AugustIndependence from France in 1960
Flag of the Cook Islands.svg  Cook Islands 4 AugustSelf-government in free association with New Zealand in 1965
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica 15 September Independence from the Kingdom of Spain in 1821
Flag of Croatia.svg  Croatia 30 May Statehood Day, multi-party Parliament was constituted in 1990
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 1 JanuaryLiberation Day, overthrow of the Bautista regime in 1959
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 20 May Independence from the United States in 1902
Flag of Curacao.svg  Curaçao (Kingdom of the Netherlands)2 JulyThe first elected island council is instituted in 1954
Flag of Cyprus.svg  Cyprus 1 OctoberIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1960
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 28 OctoberIndependence from Austria-Hungary (as Czechoslovakia) in 1918
Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Czech Republic 28 SeptemberCzech Statehood day (Saint Wenceslas day)
Flag of Cote d'Ivoire.svg  Côte d'Ivoire 7 AugustIndependence from France in 1960
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 5 June(No official National Day; Constitution Day adoption of the Constitution of 1849)
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 15 June(No official National Day; Day of Valdemar, when the modern Flag of Denmark fell from the sky to bring victory to King Valdemar II over Estonia in the Battle of Lyndanisse in 1219; and Reunion Day when Southern Jutland reunited with Denmark in 1920)
Flag of Djibouti.svg  Djibouti 27 JuneIndependence from France in 1977
Flag of Dominica.svg  Dominica 3 NovemberIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1978 and discovery by Christopher Columbus in 1493
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic 27 February Independence from Haiti in 1844
Flag of East Timor.svg  East Timor 20 MayIndependence from Indonesia in 2002
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 10 August Proclamation of independence from Spain in 1809
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt 23 July Revolution Day, the revolution of 1952
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt 6 October Armed Forces Day, the beginning of the October War in 1973
Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador 15 September Independence from the Kingdom of Spain in 1821
Flag of England.svg  England (United Kingdom)23 April Day of St. George, patron saint of England. Sometimes proposed as National Day.
Flag of Equatorial Guinea.svg  Equatorial Guinea 12 OctoberIndependence from Spain in 1968
Flag of Eritrea.svg  Eritrea 24 MayEritrean People's Liberation Front (EPLF) fighters enter Asmara in 1991 and Eritrea becomes a de facto independent state; United Nations recognizes Eritrea's independence from Ethiopia in 1993 after a UN-supervised referendum on nationhood.
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia 24 February Independence Day, declaration of independence from Russia in 1918
Flag of Eswatini.svg  Eswatini 6 SeptemberIndependence Day, independence from the United Kingdom in 1968
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Ethiopia 28 May Downfall of the Derg Day, the Derg regime is defeated in 1991
Flag of Europe.svg  European Union 9 May Europe Day, commemorating the Schuman Declaration of 1950
Flag of the Falkland Islands.svg  Falkland Islands (United Kingdom)14 August Falklands Day, first recorded sighting of the islands in 1592
Flag of the Falkland Islands.svg  Falkland Islands (United Kingdom)14 June Liberation Day, Liberation from Argentinean occupation at the end of the Falklands War in 1982
Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands (Denmark)29 July Ólavsøka (Saint Olaf's death at the Battle of Stiklestad in 1030): opening of the Løgting (parliament) session
Flag of Fiji.svg  Fiji 10 October Fiji Day, independence from the United Kingdom in 1970
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 6 December Independence Day, declaration of independence from Russia in 1917
Flag of Flanders.svg  Flanders (Belgium)11 July Feestdag van de Vlaamse Gemeenschap, Battle of the Golden Spurs on 11 July 1302.
Flag of Florida.svg  Florida (United States)2 April Pascua Florida is day or week (as declared by the Governor) celebrating the founding of Florida by Juan Ponce de León on 2 April 1513.
Flag of France.svg  France 14 July Bastille Day (known as la Fête nationale in France), commemorating the storming of the Bastille on 14 July 1789 [5]
Flag of Wallonia.svg  French Community (Belgium)27 September French Community Holiday
Flag of France.svg  French Guiana (France)10 June Abolition of slavery day
Flag of French Polynesia.svg  French Polynesia (France)29 June Internal Autonomy day
Flag of Gabon.svg  Gabon 17 AugustIndependence from France in 1960
Flag of The Gambia.svg  The Gambia 18 FebruaryIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1965
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia 26 MayDay of First Republic, declaration of independence from Russia in 1918
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 3 October German Unity Day, unification of West Germany and East Germany in 1990
Flag of the German Community in Belgium.svg  German-speaking Community (Belgium)15 November Day of the German-speaking Community
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana 6 MarchIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1957
Flag of Gibraltar.svg  Gibraltar (United Kingdom)10 September Gibraltar National Day, people of Gibraltar vote to reject Spanish sovereignty or association in 1967
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 25 MarchStart of the Greek Revolution against the Ottoman Empire in 1821
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece 28 October Ohi Day, rejection of the Italian ultimatum of 1940
Flag of Greenland.svg  Greenland (Denmark)21 June(Longest Day of the Year) The National Day was introduced in 1983 as one of the Home Rule's traditions and is thus one of several expressions of national identity
Flag of Grenada.svg  Grenada 7 FebruaryIndependence from United Kingdom in 1974
Flag of France.svg  Guadeloupe (France)27 May abolition of slavery day
Flag of Guam.svg  Guam (United States)21 JulyLiberation Day, American landing on Guam 1944, the beginning of the Battle of Guam
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala 15 September Independence from the Kingdom of Spain in 1821
Flag of Guernsey.svg  Guernsey (British Islands)9 MayLiberation Day, the end of the German occupation of the Channel Islands in 1945
Flag of Guinea.svg  Guinea 2 OctoberIndependence from France in 1958
Flag of Guinea-Bissau.svg  Guinea-Bissau 24 SeptemberDeclaration of independence from Portugal in 1973
Flag of Guyana.svg  Guyana 23 February Mashramani, declaration of the Republic in 1970
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti 1 January Declaration of independence from France in 1804
Flag of Herm.svg  Herm (British Islands)9 MayLiberation Day, the end of the German occupation of the Channel Islands in 1945
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras 15 September Independence from the Kingdom of Spain in 1821
Flag of Hong Kong.svg  Hong Kong (China)1 July Transfer of sovereignty to the PRC in 1997
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 15 March 1848 Revolution memorial day
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 20 August St. Stephen's day
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 23 October 1956 Revolution memorial day
Flag of Iceland.svg  Iceland 17 June National Day, founding of the Republic and dissolution of the personal union with Denmark in 1944
Flag of India.svg  India 26 January Republic Day, adoption of the Constitution of India [6] in 1950
Flag of India.svg  India 15 August Independence from the British Empire in 1947
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia 17 August Proclamation of Independence day (Hari Proklamasi Kemerdekaan R.I.) from Japan and the Netherlands in 1945
Flag of Iran.svg  Iran 11 FebruaryVictory of the Islamic Revolution in 1979
Flag of Iraq.svg  Iraq 3 OctoberIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1932
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland 17 March St. Patrick's Day, the patron saint of Ireland
Flag of the Isle of Man.svg  Isle of Man (British Islands)5 July Tynwald Day, annual meeting of the Tynwald (parliament)
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel 5 Iyar Yom Ha'atzmaut, proclamation of independence from the British Mandate of Palestine in 1948
(date varies according to Jewish calendar at 5 Iyar. In 2019, it was celebrated from sunset of 8 May to nightfall on 9 May; in 2020 it will be from sunset on 28 April to nightfall on 29 April)
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 25 AprilPartisans liberate Genoa, Milan, and Turin from German troops in 1945
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 2 June Festa della Repubblica, Italy is made a republic in 1946
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 1st Monday in AugustIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1962
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 11 February National Foundation Day, Jimmu, the first emperor, is crowned in 660 BC
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 23 February The Emperor's Birthday in 1960
Flag of Jersey.svg  Jersey (British Islands)9 MayLiberation Day, the end of the German occupation of the Channel Islands in 1945
Flag of Jordan.svg  Jordan 25 MayIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1946
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan 30 AugustConstitution Day, approval of the constitution in 1995
Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan 16–17 December Kazakhstan Independence Day, independence from the Soviet Union in 1991
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 12 DecemberIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1963; (Jamhuri Day), made a republic in 1964
Flag of Kiribati.svg  Kiribati 12 JulyIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1979
Flag of Kosovo.svg  Kosovo Flag of NATO.svg  NATO 17 FebruaryIndependence Day, 2008
Flag of Kurdistan.svg  Kurdistan (Iraq)21 March Nowruz, Persian New Year, celebrated on the spring equinox
Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait 25 FebruaryNational Day, anniversary of the 1950 coronation of Abdullah Al-Salim Al-Sabah, who won Kuwait's independence from the British Empire eleven years later
Flag of Kuwait.svg  Kuwait 26 FebruaryLiberation Day (from Iraq in 1991)
Flag of Kyrgyzstan.svg  Kyrgyzstan 31 AugustIndependence Day, declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991
Flag of Laos.svg  Laos 2 DecemberNational Day, declaration of the People's Republic in 1975
Flag of Latvia.svg  Latvia 18 November Proclamation Day of the Republic of Latvia, independence from the Russian Empire in 1918
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon 25 MayResistance and Liberation Day from Israel in 2000
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon 22 November Lebanese Independence Day from France in 1943
Flag of Lesotho.svg  Lesotho 4 OctoberIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1966
Flag of Liberia.svg  Liberia 26 JulyProclamation of the Republic: independence from the United States in 1847
Flag of Libya.svg  Libya 17 FebruaryStart of the 2011 Revolution
Flag of Liechtenstein.svg  Liechtenstein 15 August Feast of the Assumption and birth of Prince Franz Joseph II in 1906
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania 16 February Lithuanian State Reestablishment Day, declaration of independence from the Russian and German Empires in 1918
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania 6 July Statehood Day, establishment of the medieval Lithuanian kingdom by Mindaugas in 1253.
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg 23 June Grand Duke's Official Birthday
Flag of Macau.svg  Macau (China)20 December Transfer of sovereignty to the PRC in 1999
Flag of Madagascar.svg  Madagascar 26 JuneIndependence from France in 1960
Flag of Madeira.svg  Madeira (Portugal)1 July Madeira Day, day of autonomy within Portugal in 1976
Flag of Malawi.svg  Malawi 6 JulyIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1964; declaration of the Republic in 1966
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 31 August Hari Merdeka, independence from the United Kingdom (as Malaya) in 1957. Also known as Hari Kebangsaan (National Day) in Malay.
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 16 September Malaysia Day, merger of Federation of Malaya, North Borneo, Sarawak and Singapore to form Malaysia, accompanied by the change of name of the former, in 1963.
Flag of Maldives.svg  Maldives 26 JulyIndependence from the British Empire in 1965
Flag of Mali.svg  Mali 22 SeptemberIndependence from the Mali Federation in 1960
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta 31 March Freedom Day, withdrawal of British troops from Malta in 1979
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta 7 June Sette Giugno, bread riot of 1919 in which 4 Maltese men died
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta 8 September Victory Day, celebrating the victory of the Knights of St. John over the Ottoman Empire in the Great Siege of Malta in 1565, the end of the French occupation in 1800, and the surrender of Italy to the Allies in 1943
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta 21 September Independence Day, independence from the United Kingdom in 1964
Flag of Malta.svg  Malta 13 DecemberRepublic Day, adoption of the republican constitution of 1974
Flag of the Marshall Islands.svg  Marshall Islands 1 May Constitution Day, adoption of the Compact of Free Association in 1979
Flag of France.svg  Martinique (France)22 May Abolition of slavery day
Flag of Mauritania.svg  Mauritania 28 NovemberIndependence from France in 1960
Flag of Mauritius.svg  Mauritius 12 MarchIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1968; formation of the Republic in 1992
Flag of France.svg  Mayotte (France)27 April Abolition of slavery day
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 16 September Grito de Dolores, beginning of the War of Independence from Spain in 1810
Flag of Federated States of Micronesia.svg  Micronesia 3 NovemberIndependence from the US-administered UN Trusteeship in 1979
Bandeira de Minas Gerais.svg  Minas Gerais (Brazil)21 AprilHanging of Tiradentes in 1792
Bandeira de Minas Gerais.svg  Minas Gerais (Brazil)16 JulyElevation of the village of Mariana to the condition of city.
Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova 27 August Independence Day, declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991
Flag of Monaco.svg  Monaco 19 NovemberAccession of Prince Albert II to the throne in 2005
Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia 11 July Naadam Holiday, establishment of independence from China and Russia in 1921
Flag of Mongolia.svg  Mongolia 26 NovemberNational Foundation Day, adoption of the Constitution of the Mongolian People's Republic in 1924
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro 21 MayIndependence from Serbia and Montenegro in 2006
Flag of Montenegro.svg  Montenegro 13 Julyrecognised as independent at the Congress of Berlin in 1878
Flag of Montserrat.svg  Montserrat (United Kingdom)2nd Saturday in June Queen's Official Birthday
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 18 NovemberAccession of Muhammad V to the throne in 1927
Flag of Mozambique.svg  Mozambique 25 JuneIndependence from Portugal in 1975
Flag of Myanmar.svg  Myanmar 4 JanuaryIndependence from the British Empire in 1948
Flag of Namibia.svg  Namibia 21 MarchIndependence from South Africa in 1990
Flag of Nauru.svg  Nauru 31 JanuaryIndependence from the Australia, NZ, and UK-administered UN trusteeship 1968
Flag of Nepal.svg    Nepal 25 SeptemberUnification of Nepal was done by Prithivi Narayan Shah in 1768.
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Kingdom of the Netherlands 15 December Kingdom day, signing of the Charter for the Kingdom of the Netherlands 1954
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Kingdom of the Netherlands 27 April King's Day, King Willem-Alexander's birthday in 1967
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Kingdom of the Netherlands 5 May Liberation Day, end of German occupation in 1945
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 6 February Waitangi Day, signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840
Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua 15 September Independence from the Kingdom of Spain in 1821
Flag of Niger.svg  Niger 18 December Republic Day, made an autonomous state within the French Community in 1958
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 29 May Democracy Day, return to democratic rule in 1999
Flag of Nigeria.svg  Nigeria 1 OctoberIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1960; formation of the Republic in 1963
Flag of Niue.svg  Niue 19 OctoberSelf-government in free association with New Zealand in 1974
Flag of Norfolk Island.svg  Norfolk Island (Australia)8 JuneBeginning of permanent settlement of the island by migrants from the Pitcairn Islands in 1856
Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea 9 September Day of the Foundation of the Republic in 1948 [7]
Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea 10 October Party Foundation Day in 1945
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia 2 August Republic Day, proclamation of statehood in 1944 and proclamation of Kruševo Republic in 1903 during the Ilinden Uprising
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia 8 SeptemberIndependence Day (Den na nezavisnosta), declaration of independence from Yugoslavia in 1991
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)17 March St. Patrick's Day; a public holiday sometimes associated with Irish nationalism
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Northern Ireland (United Kingdom)12 July"The Twelfth" commemorates the Battle of the Boyne in 1690; a public holiday associated with Ulster unionism
Flag of the Northern Mariana Islands.svg  Northern Mariana Islands (United States)8 JanuaryCommonwealth Day, the constitutional government takes office in 1978
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 17 May Constitution Day, the signing of the first Norwegian Constitution in Eidsvoll 1814
Flag of Oman.svg  Oman 18 November National Day of Oman, independence from Portugal in 1650 and the 1940 birthday of Sultan Qaboos bin Said al Said who reigned 1970–2020
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 23 MarchPakistan Day, the Pakistan Resolution passed in Lahore in 1940
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan 14 August Independence Day, independence from the British Empire in 1947
Flag of Palau.svg  Palau 9 July Constitution Day, adoption of the Constitution in 1980
Flag of Palestine.svg  Palestine 15 November Declaration of Independence in 1988
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama 3 NovemberSeparation Day, independence from Colombia in 1903
Flag of Papua New Guinea.svg  Papua New Guinea 16 SeptemberIndependence from Australia in 1975
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay 14 MayIndependence Day (Día de Independencia), declaration of independence from Spain in 1811
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru 28 July Declaration of independence from Spain in 1821
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 12 June Araw ng Kalayaan, declaration of independence from Spain in 1898
Flag of the Pitcairn Islands.svg  Pitcairn Islands (United Kingdom)2nd Saturday in June Queen's Official Birthday
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 3 MayŚwięto Konstytucji (Constitution Day), adoption of the Constitution of 1791
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 22 JulyNarodowe Święto Odrodzenia Polski (National Day of the Rebirth of Poland), commemorates the signing of PKWN Manifesto. This holiday existed under communist rule from 1944 to 1989.
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 11 NovemberŚwięto Niepodległości (Independence Day), restoration of independence from Austria-Hungary, Germany, and Russia in 1918
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 10 June Portugal Day, officially the Day of Portugal, Camões, and the Portuguese Communities, death of national poet Luís de Camões in 1580
Flag of Puerto Rico.svg  Puerto Rico (United States)25 July Constitution Day, establishment of Commonwealth of Puerto Rico in 1952; formerly Invasion Day, day of the American invasion in 1898
Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar 18 December Qatar National Day, the assumption of power by Emir Jassim bin Mohammed Al Thani in 1878
Flag of Quebec.svg  Québec (Canada)24 June Saint-Jean-Baptiste Day, feast day of John the Baptist, the patron saint of French Canadians
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 24 JanuaryUnification of the Romanian Principalities of Moldavia and Wallachia, the foundation of modern Romania in 1859
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania 1 December Great Union Day, unification with Transylvania in 1918
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 12 June Russia Day, Declaration of State Sovereignty in 1990
Flag of Rwanda.svg  Rwanda 1 JulyIndependence from Belgium in 1962
Flag of France.svg  Réunion (France)20 December Abolition of slavery day
Flag of Saba.svg  Saba (Kingdom of the Netherlands)3 December
Flag of Saint Helena.svg  Saint Helena (United Kingdom)2nd Saturday in June Queen's Official Birthday
Flag of Saint Kitts and Nevis.svg  Saint Kitts and Nevis 19 SeptemberIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1983
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg  Saint Lucia 13 December Feast day of Saint Lucy, after whom the island was named
Flag of Saint Lucia.svg  Saint Lucia 22 FebruaryIndependence Day, independence from the United Kingdom in 1979
Flag of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines.svg  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 27 OctoberIndependence Day, independence from the United Kingdom in 1979
Flag of Samoa.svg  Samoa 1 June Independence Day, independence from New Zealand in 1962
Flag of San Marino.svg  San Marino 3 SeptemberFoundation of the city by Marinus in year 301 (traditional date); also is the St. Marinus Day.
Flag of Sardinia.svg  Sardinia (Italy)28 AprilSardinian revolution and expulsion of Piedmontese Viceroy and Sardinian-Piedmontese officials from Cagliari, capital and largest city of Sardinia
Bandeira do Estado de Sao Paulo.svg  São Paulo (Brazil)9 July Constitutionalist Revolt against Vargas Regime in 1932
Flag of Sark.svg  Sark (British Islands)9 MayLiberation Day, the end of the German occupation of the Channel Islands in 1945
Flag of Saudi Arabia.svg  Saudi Arabia 23 September Saudi National Day, renaming of the Kingdom of Nejd and Hejaz to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in 1932
Flag of Scotland.svg  Scotland (United Kingdom)30 November Day of St. Andrew, patron saint of Scotland
Flag of Senegal.svg  Senegal 4 AprilIndependence from France in 1960
Flag of Serbia.svg  Serbia 15 February Statehood Day, the beginning of the Serbian Revolution against Ottoman rule in 1804; adoption of the first constitution in 1835
Flag of the Seychelles.svg  Seychelles 18 JuneNational Day, adoption of a multi-party democratic constitution in 1993
Flag of Sierra Leone.svg  Sierra Leone 27 AprilRepublic Day, independence from the United Kingdom in 1961
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore 9 August National Day, independence from Malaysia in 1965
Flag of Sint Maarten.svg  Sint Maarten (Kingdom of the Netherlands)11 NovemberSint Maarten's Day [8]
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia 1 JanuaryIndependence Day, independence from Czechoslovakia in 1993
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia 29 August Slovak National Uprising Day, start of a Slovak uprising against Nazi Germany in 1944
Flag of Slovakia.svg  Slovakia 1 SeptemberConstitution Day, adoption of the Constitution in 1992
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 25 June Statehood Day, declaration of independence from Yugoslavia in 1991
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 25 October Sovereignty Day, withdrawal of the last soldier of the Yugoslav People's Army from the Slovenian territory in 1991
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia 26 December Independence and Unity Day, declaration of the results of the Slovenian independence referendum in 1990
Flag of the Solomon Islands.svg  Solomon Islands 7 JulyIndependence Day, independence from the United Kingdom in 1978
Flag of Somalia.svg  Somalia 1 JulyIndependence from Italy and unification with Somaliland in 1960
Flag of Somaliland.svg  Somaliland 18 MayDeclaration of independence from Somalia in 1991
Flag of Somaliland.svg  Somaliland 26 JuneIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1960
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 27 April Freedom Day, first democratic general election in 1994
Flag of South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands.svg  South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands (United Kingdom)2nd Saturday in June Liberation from Argentina at the end of the Falklands War in 1982 and Queen's Official Birthday
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 1 March Declaration of independence from the Empire of Japan in 1919
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 15 AugustLiberation from Japanese rule in 1945 (Gwangbokjeol); declaration of the Republic in 1948
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 3 October Gaecheonjeol, ancient Korea founded in 2333 BC
Flag of South Sudan.svg  South Sudan 9 JulyIndependence Day, independence from Sudan in 2011
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 12 October Fiesta Nacional de España, Columbus discovery of America in 1492
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka 4 February Independence Day, independence from the United Kingdom in 1948 under the name of Ceylon
Flag of the Republika Srpska.svg  Republika Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina)9 JanuaryProclamation of the Republic, independent of Bosnia and Herzegovina and part of Yugoslavia, in 1992
Flag of Sudan.svg  Sudan 1 JanuaryIndependence from the United Kingdom and the Republic of Egypt in 1956
Flag of Suriname.svg  Suriname 25 NovemberIndependence Day, independence from the Netherlands in 1975
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 6 June National Day: election of Gustav Vasa as King of Sweden in 1523; adoption of the constitutions of 1809 and 1974
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 1 August National Day, alliance between Uri, Schwyz and Unterwalden against the Holy Roman Empire in 1291
Flag of Syria.svg  Syria 17 April Evacuation Day, end of French colonial rule in 1946
Flag of Sao Tome and Principe.svg  São Tomé and Príncipe 12 JulyIndependence from Portugal in 1975
Flag of Tajikistan.svg  Tajikistan 9 SeptemberIndependence Day, declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991
Flag of Tanzania.svg  Tanzania 26 AprilUnion Day, Unification of Tanganyika and the People's Republic of Zanzibar in 1964
Flag of Tatarstan.svg  Tatarstan (Russia)30 AugustDeclaration of independence from the RSFSR in 1990
Flag of Texas.svg  Texas (United States)2 MarchIndependence Day, declaration of independence from Mexico in 1836.
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 5 DecemberBirthday of Late King Bhumibol Adulyadej in 1927
Flag of Togo.svg  Togo 27 AprilIndependence from the French-administered UN trusteeship in 1960
Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga 4 June Emancipation Day abolition of serfdom 1862; independence from the United Kingdom 1970
Flag of Tonga.svg  Tonga 4 NovemberNational Day [formerly Constitution Day] 1875
Flag of Transnistria.svg  Transnistria 2 SeptemberIndependence Day, declaration of independence from Moldova in 1990
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 31 AugustIndependence Day, independence from the United Kingdom in 1962
Flag of Tristan da Cunha.svg  Tristan da Cunha (United Kingdom)2nd Saturday in June Queen's Official Birthday
Flag of Tunisia.svg  Tunisia 20 MarchDeclaration of independence from France in 1956
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 29 OctoberRepublic Day (Cumhuriyet Bayramı), adoption of a republican constitution in 1923
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg  Turkmenistan 27 October Independence Day, declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991
Flag of the Turks and Caicos Islands.svg  Turks and Caicos Islands (United Kingdom)30 AugustConstitution Day, adoption of a constitution in 1976
Flag of Tuvalu.svg  Tuvalu 1 OctoberIndependence Day, independence from the Gilbert Islands (Kiribati) in 1975 and from the United Kingdom in 1978
Flag of Uganda.svg  Uganda 9 OctoberIndependence from the United Kingdom in 1962
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine 24 AugustIndependence from the Soviet Union in 1991. See Independence Day of Ukraine
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 2 December National Day, formation of the federation of seven emirates on independence from the United Kingdom in 1971
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 2nd Saturday in JuneDoes not have a recognized national day (see proposed British national day), although the Queen's Official Birthday (which is declared annually, usually falling on the second Saturday in June) is sometimes considered as such, for example, in British diplomatic institutions overseas
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 4 July Independence Day, declaration of independence from the Kingdom of Great Britain in 1776
Flag of the United States Virgin Islands.svg  United States Virgin Islands (United States)31 March Transfer Day, transfer of the islands from Denmark to the United States in 1917
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 25 AugustDía de la Independencia (Independence Day), declaration of independence from Brazil in 1825
Flag of Uzbekistan.svg  Uzbekistan 1 September Independence Day, declaration of independence from the Soviet Union in 1991
Flag of Vanuatu.svg  Vanuatu 30 JulyIndependence Day, independence from the United Kingdom and France in 1980
Flag of the Vatican City.svg   Vatican City 11 FebruaryFoundation of Vatican City, signing of the Lateran Treaty in 1929
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela 5 JulyIndependence Day, declaration of independence from Spain in 1811
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam 2 SeptemberNational Day, declaration of independence from France and Japan in 1945
Flag of Wales (1959-present).svg  Wales (United Kingdom)1 March St. David's Day, feast day of patron saint of Wales
Flag of Wallonia.svg  Wallonia (Belgium)third Sunday of September Day of the Walloon Region
Flag of Yemen.svg  Yemen 22 May Unity Day, North and South Yemen are unified as the Republic of Yemen in 1990
Flag of Zambia.svg  Zambia 24 OctoberIndependence Day, declaration of independence from the United Kingdom in 1964
Flag of Zimbabwe.svg  Zimbabwe 18 AprilDeclaration of independence from the United Kingdom 1980; it had previously declared independence as Rhodesia in 1965

See also

Related Research Articles

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Public holidays in Egypt Wikimedia list article

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Lists of holidays by various categorizations.

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References

  1. 1 2 Molina A. de Cienfuegos, Ignacio; Martínez Bárcena, Jorge; Fuller, Linda K. (Ed.) (2004). "Spain: National Days throughout the History and the Geography of Spain". National Days/National Ways: Historical, Political, and Religious Celebrations Around the World: 253. ISBN   978-0-275-97270-7 . Retrieved 30 September 2009.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  2. "Bastille Day – Celebrate French Ancestry". Genealogy.about.com. 9 April 2012. Archived from the original on 22 August 2011. Retrieved 28 September 2012.
  3. "French Bastille Day in Australia. France's national day". Frenchdesire.com.au. Retrieved 28 September 2012.
  4. September Celebrations of Belize
  5. "Bastille Day – 14th July". Official Website of France. Archived from the original on 15 July 2014. Commemorating the storming of the Bastille on 14th July 1789, Bastille Day takes place on the same date each year. The main event is a grand military parade along the Champs-Élysées, attended by the President of the Republic and other political leaders. It is accompanied by fireworks and publics [sic] dances in towns throughout the whole of France.
  6. "India celebrates Republic Day". news.com.au. 26 January 2014. Retrieved 25 May 2014.
  7. Hunter, Helen-Louise (2008). "The Society and Its Environment". In Worden, Robert L. (ed.). North Korea: A Country Study (Fifth ed.). Washington: Federal Research Division of the Library of Congress. p.  85. ISBN   978-0-8444-1188-0.
  8. "Public Holiday Schedule". www.sintmaartengov.org. Retrieved 11 January 2020.