Flag Day

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Stamp celebrating 50th Flag Day of the Faroe Islands Faroe stamp 194 merkid 1940-1990.jpg
Stamp celebrating 50th Flag Day of the Faroe Islands

A flag day is a flag-related holiday, a day designated for flying a certain flag (such as a national flag) or a day set aside to celebrate a historical event such as a nation's adoption of its flag.

Flag piece of fabric with a distinctive design

A flag is a piece of fabric with a distinctive design and colours. It is used as a symbol, a signalling device, or for decoration. The term flag is also used to refer to the graphic design employed, and flags have evolved into a general tool for rudimentary signalling and identification, especially in environments where communication is challenging. The study of flags is known as "vexillology" from the Latin vexillum, meaning "flag" or "banner".

National flag flag of a country or nation

A national flag is a flag that represents and symbolizes a country. The national flag is flown by the government of a country, but can usually also be flown by citizens of the country. A national flag is designed with specific meanings for its colours and symbols. The colours of the national flag may be worn by the people of a nation to show their patriotism, or related paraphernalia that show the symbols or colours of the flag may be used for those purposes.

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Flag days are usually codified in national statutes passed by legislative bodies or parliaments; however, in some countries a decree or proclamation by the head of state or chief executive can also order a flag day. The statute or proclamation / decree may specify locations where flags are flown and how are they flown (for example, at full- or half-staff); alternatively, custom may prevail. [1]

Statute Formal written document that creates law

A statute is a formal written enactment of a legislative authority that governs a city, state, or country. Typically, statutes command or prohibit something, or declare policy. Statutes are rules made by legislative bodies; they are distinguished from case law or precedent, which is decided by courts, and regulations issued by government agencies.

A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city. Legislatures form important parts of most governments; in the separation of powers model, they are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches of government.

Parliament legislature whose power and function are similar to those dictated by the Westminster system of the United Kingdom

In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative body of government. Generally, a modern parliament has three functions: representing the electorate, making laws, and overseeing the government via hearings and inquiries.

Specific flag days

CountryDateDetails
Flag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan August 19Independence day, 1919.
Flag of Albania.svg  Albania November 28 Albanian Flag Day. Independence day, 1443, then again, 1912.
Flag of American Samoa.svg  American Samoa April 17Commemorates the date American Samoa became a US territory and first flew the US flag in 1900, as well as the date of adoption of the American Samoan flag in 1960.
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina June 20 Flag Day. Anniversary of the death of Manuel Belgrano, who created the current flag.
Flag of Aruba.svg  Aruba March 18Flag day. Adoption of the national flag on March 18, 1976.
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia September 3 Australian National Flag Day commemorates the first flying of the Australian National Flag in 1901.
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan November 9State Flag Day, was officially established on November 9, 2009, [2] for the commemoration of the adoption of the Flag of Azerbaijan on November 9, 1918. [3]
Flag of Aland.svg  Åland Last Sunday of AprilCommemorates adoption of the Åland flag. (April 29, 2018; April 28, 2019; April 26, 2020; April 25, 2021)
Flag of Bolivia.svg  Bolivia August 17Flag Day in Bolivia. Commemorates of the creation of the first national flag.
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil November 19Flag Day in Brazil; adopted in 1889
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
February 15
National Flag of Canada Day commemorates adoption of the Canadian flag, Feb. 15, 1965.
Flag of Colombia.svg  Colombia July 20
August 7
Declaration of Independence (1810) (Celebrated as National Day); Battle of Boyaca (1819)
Flag of Curacao.svg  Curaçao July 2Dia di Bandera ("Day of the Flag"). Adoption of the national flag on 2 July 1984.
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark June 15Valdemarsdag, the anniversary of King Valdemar's victory in the Battle of Lindanise (present day Tallinn, Estonia) in 1219, where according to legend, the Dannebrog fell from the sky. It is also the anniversary of the return of North Slesvig in 1920 to Denmark following the post-World War I plebiscite.
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador September 26"Day of the National Flag" ("Dia de la Bandera Nacional"). Date when the tricolour was reinstated in 1860, two days
Flag of Estonia.svg  Estonia June 4"Eesti lipu päev" (National Flag Day). Date when the Flag of Estonia was consecrated in 1884. [4]
Flag of Europe.svg  European Union May 9 Europe Day commemorates the Schuman Declaration.
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland Midsummer's Day "Suomen lipun päivä", "Finlands flaggas dag" ("Finland's Flag's Day") celebrated annually since 1934. There are also several other flag days in Finland. Celebrated on the Saturday in June 20–26 (June 23, 2018; June 22, 2019; June 20, 2020; June 26, 2021).
Flag of the Faroe Islands.svg  Faroe Islands April 25The British occupation of the Faroe Islands during World War II led to the adoption of the Merkið that day in 1940.
Flag of Georgia.svg  Georgia January 14საქართველოს სახელმწიფო დროშის დღე (sak'art'velos sakhelmts'ip'o droshis dghe, "Day of the State Flag of Georgia"), (2004). [5]
Flag of Greece.svg  Greece October 27"Ημέρα της σημαίας (imera tis simeas,"Day of the Flag")
Flag of Haiti.svg  Haiti May 18Commemorates the creation of Haiti's flag at the 1803 Arcahaye Conference.
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras September 1Commemorates the introducing of their first leader on Lake Yojoa.
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary March 16The day after the 1848 revolution in Pest-Buda.
Flag of India.svg  India December 7 Armed Forces Flag Day honours the soldiers, airmen and sailors of India. The Armed Forces Flag Day or the Flag Day of India is a day dedicated towards collection of funds from people of India for the welfare of the Indian Armed Forces personnel. It has been observed annually in India on December 7 since 1949. Over the years, it has become a tradition to commemorate this day as an honour to the soldiers, airmen and sailors of India.
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia August 17 Indonesian independence proclamation Commemoration of the Proclamation of Independence day of Indonesia every year on August 17.
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland April 24 (1916 date) / Easter Monday The 'Easter Rising Commemoration' (Comóradh Éirí Amach na Cásca) commemorates the beginning of the Easter Rising of 1916. An army parade on O'Connell Street in Dublin is attended by the President of Ireland, the Taoiseach and other government ministers. The Irish 'tricolour' was adopted by the rebels of 1916.
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy January 7 Festa del tricolore ("Festival of the Tricolour") commemorates adoption of the Italian flag in 1797.
Flag of Kurdistan.svg  Kurdistan December 17 Kurdish flag day is an unofficial holiday associated with the Kurdish independence movement.
Flag of Liberia.svg  Liberia August 24Flag day The holiday was first observed in an 1847 convention, when the founding fathers approved the flag's design along with establishing the new republic. [6]
Flag of Lithuania.svg  Lithuania January 1Vėliavos diena ("Flag's day") commemorates raising of the Lithuanian flag on Gediminas' Tower in 1919.
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico February 24
Flag of Moldova.svg  Moldova April 27
Flag of North Macedonia.svg  North Macedonia Every 1st and 15th day of each month.Ден на македонското знаме (Den na makedonskoto zname, "Day of the Macedonian Flag"). Every 1st and 15th day of each month, the flag is changed in special ceremony. This celebrates the adoption of the flag. [7]
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway May 17Celebration of the Norwegian Constitution, signed on 17 May 1814. Now the national day of Norway.
Flag of Pakistan.svg  Pakistan August 11The National Assembly adopted the country's flag on this day.
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama November 4An annual public holiday in Panama that forms a bridge holiday between Separation Day and Colon Day.
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay May 14The real date of the independence of Paraguay from Spain in 1811. Celebration continues the next main day, Independence Day.
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru June 7Commemorates the anniversary of the Battle of Arica and the sacrifice of Alfonso Ugarte.
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines May 28Araw ng Watawat ("Flag Day"), the anniversary of the 1898 Battle of Alapan where the flag was first used. Display of the flag in all places until Independence Day is encouraged, provided it follows Republic Act 8491. [8]
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland May 2A holiday introduced in 2004, a day between the feasts of the 1st (International Workers' Day) and 3rd May (May 3rd Constitution Day). Commemorates raising the flag over the Berlin Victory Column after the Battle of Berlin in 1945.
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal December 1A holiday introduced in 1910, it commemorates raising the flag on Restauradores Square on the anniversary of Restoration of Independence.
Flag of Romania.svg  Romania June 26A holiday introduced in 1998, it celebrates Decree No. 1 of the Wallachian Provisional Government, which made the blue-yellow-red tricolour the national flag.
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia August 22Commemorates raising of the present flag over the Russian Supreme Soviet building after a 1991 coup attempt.
Flag of Slovenia.svg  Slovenia April 7Commemorates the anniversary of the first raising of the national flag in 1848 at Wolfova Street 8, Ljubljana.
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden June 6Svenska flaggans dag ("The Swedish Flag's Day"), observed since the late 19th century. Also the National Day of Sweden since 1983.
Flag of Sri Lanka.svg  Sri Lanka February 4Independence Day ("National Day of the Sri Lanka Flag"), The independence day of Sri Lanka is a great national occasion celebrated with parades and pageants combined with the spirit of patriotism and national pride. National Day of Sri Lanka since 1948.
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand September 28วันพระราชทานธงชาติไทย (Wan Pra Raj Cha Tan Thong Chad Thai, "Thai National Flag Day") The day of King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) adopted to use the flag in 1917. Announce on September 20, 2016 by cabinet of Thailand [9]
Flag of Turkmenistan.svg  Turkmenistan February 19Commemorates the adoption of the nation's first flag after gaining independence from the Soviet Union.
Flag of Ukraine.svg  Ukraine August 23День Державного прапора (Den Derzhavnoho prapora, "National Flag Day") commemorates the adoption of the Ukrainian flag; observed since 2004. [10]
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  UAE November 3 Flag Day is celebrated on the day Sheikh Khalifa became President in 2004. It also commemorates the founders of the state, Sheikh Zayed and Sheikh Rashid. The UAE flag was adopted in a different day on December 2, 1971.
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom
November 1
  • April 23
  • November 30
  • March 1
  • March 17
All Saints' Day
Flag of the United States.svg  United States June 14 Flag Day Commemorates adoption of the U.S. flag on June 14, 1777.
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam March 11 Flag Day Independence day (Day of the National Flag), 1945. [11]
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela August 3Commemorates the first raising of the flag by Francisco de Miranda in Venezuelan soil, 1806. Formerly on March 12.

See also

Republic Day holiday in several countries to commemorate the day when they became republics

A Republic Day is a holiday to commemorate the day when a country became republic. In some countries, it is known as National Day or Proclamation Day, or by some other sort of name.

A public holiday, national holiday or legal holiday is a holiday generally established by law and is usually a non-working day during the year.

Notes

  1. Gammage, Jeff (June 14, 2008). "Flag Day loses importance but lives on in Phila". Philadelphia Inquirer. Archived from the original on June 20, 2008. Retrieved June 14, 2008.
  2. "Azerbaijan sets National Flag Day". Today.az . Retrieved May 22, 2010.
  3. "Azerbaijan marks National Flag Day". Today.az. November 9, 2012. Retrieved November 14, 2012.
  4. "Estonian Holidays in 2010". Estonian Foreign Ministry. Archived from the original on January 6, 2011. Retrieved December 19, 2010.
  5. (in Georgian) საქართველოს ორგანული კანონი საქართველოს სახელმწიფო დროშის შესახებ ("Law of Georgia on the State Flag of Georgia"). January 14, 2004. Parliament of Georgia. Accessed January 14, 2012.
  6. "Liberia Flag Day | Article about Liberia Flag Day by The Free Dictionary". encyclopedia2.thefreedictionary.com. Retrieved July 31, 2016.
  7. Macedonia got Flag Day Archived July 22, 2011, at the Wayback Machine – Macedonian
  8. Philippine Republic Act No. 8491 Chan Robles (www.chanrobles.com). Retrieved on 2013-05-07.
  9. (in Thai) การฉลองครบรอบ 100 ปี การประกาศใช้ธงไตรรงค์ เป็นธงชาติไทย Retrieved April 26, 2017.
  10. Ukraine celebrates National Flag Day Archived October 7, 2013, at the Wayback Machine , Xinhua News Agency (23 August 2012)
    Ceremony of hoisting Ukraine's national flag held at presidential administration, Kyiv Post (23 August 2011)
    Україна відзначає День Державного прапора On Tuesday, August 23, all of Ukraine celebrates National Flag Day. Measures to raise the national flag are planned throughout the country., 1+1 (23 August 2011)
  11. "Vietinfo - Vua Bảo Đại đã công bố bản Tuyên Ngôn Độc Lập?". vietinfo.eu. Retrieved July 31, 2016.

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