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A flag day is a flag-related holiday, a day designated for flying a certain flag (such as a national flag) or a day set aside to celebrate a historical event such as a nation's adoption of its flag.
A flag is a piece of fabric with a distinctive design and colours. It is used as a symbol, a signalling device, or for decoration. The term flag is also used to refer to the graphic design employed, and flags have evolved into a general tool for rudimentary signalling and identification, especially in environments where communication is challenging. The study of flags is known as "vexillology" from the Latin vexillum, meaning "flag" or "banner".
A national flag is a flag that represents and symbolizes a country. The national flag is flown by the government of a country, but can usually also be flown by citizens of the country. A national flag is designed with specific meanings for its colours and symbols. The colours of the national flag may be worn by the people of a nation to show their patriotism, or related paraphernalia that show the symbols or colours of the flag may be used for those purposes.
Flag days are usually codified in national statutes passed by legislative bodies or parliaments; however, in some countries a decree or proclamation by the head of state or chief executive can also order a flag day. The statute or proclamation / decree may specify locations where flags are flown and how are they flown (for example, at full- or half-staff); alternatively, custom may prevail.
A statute is a formal written enactment of a legislative authority that governs a city, state, or country. Typically, statutes command or prohibit something, or declare policy. Statutes are rules made by legislative bodies; they are distinguished from case law or precedent, which is decided by courts, and regulations issued by government agencies.
A legislature is a deliberative assembly with the authority to make laws for a political entity such as a country or city. Legislatures form important parts of most governments; in the separation of powers model, they are often contrasted with the executive and judicial branches of government.
In modern politics and history, a parliament is a legislative body of government. Generally, a modern parliament has three functions: representing the electorate, making laws, and overseeing the government via hearings and inquiries.
|August 19||Independence day, 1919.|
|November 28||Albanian Flag Day. Independence day, 1443, then again, 1912.|
|April 17||Commemorates the date American Samoa became a US territory and first flew the US flag in 1900, as well as the date of adoption of the American Samoan flag in 1960.|
|June 20||Flag Day. Anniversary of the death of Manuel Belgrano, who created the current flag.|
|March 18||Flag day. Adoption of the national flag on March 18, 1976.|
|September 3||Australian National Flag Day commemorates the first flying of the Australian National Flag in 1901.|
|November 9||State Flag Day, was officially established on November 9, 2009, for the commemoration of the adoption of the Flag of Azerbaijan on November 9, 1918.|
|Last Sunday of April||Commemorates adoption of the Åland flag. (April 29, 2018; April 28, 2019; April 26, 2020; April 25, 2021)|
|August 17||Flag Day in Bolivia. Commemorates of the creation of the first national flag.|
|November 19||Flag Day in Brazil; adopted in 1889|
|February 15 || National Flag of Canada Day commemorates adoption of the Canadian flag, Feb. 15, 1965. |
|Declaration of Independence (1810) (Celebrated as National Day); Battle of Boyaca (1819)|
|July 2||Dia di Bandera ("Day of the Flag"). Adoption of the national flag on 2 July 1984.|
|June 15||Valdemarsdag, the anniversary of King Valdemar's victory in the Battle of Lindanise (present day Tallinn, Estonia) in 1219, where according to legend, the Dannebrog fell from the sky. It is also the anniversary of the return of North Slesvig in 1920 to Denmark following the post-World War I plebiscite.|
|September 26||"Day of the National Flag" ("Dia de la Bandera Nacional"). Date when the tricolour was reinstated in 1860, two days|
|June 4||"Eesti lipu päev" (National Flag Day). Date when the Flag of Estonia was consecrated in 1884.|
|May 9||Europe Day commemorates the Schuman Declaration.|
|Midsummer's Day||"Suomen lipun päivä", "Finlands flaggas dag" ("Finland's Flag's Day") celebrated annually since 1934. There are also several other flag days in Finland. Celebrated on the Saturday in June 20–26 (June 23, 2018; June 22, 2019; June 20, 2020; June 26, 2021).|
|April 25||The British occupation of the Faroe Islands during World War II led to the adoption of the Merkið that day in 1940.|
|January 14||საქართველოს სახელმწიფო დროშის დღე (sak'art'velos sakhelmts'ip'o droshis dghe, "Day of the State Flag of Georgia"), (2004).|
|October 27||"Ημέρα της σημαίας (imera tis simeas,"Day of the Flag")|
|May 18||Commemorates the creation of Haiti's flag at the 1803 Arcahaye Conference.|
|September 1||Commemorates the introducing of their first leader on Lake Yojoa.|
|March 16||The day after the 1848 revolution in Pest-Buda.|
|December 7||Armed Forces Flag Day honours the soldiers, airmen and sailors of India. The Armed Forces Flag Day or the Flag Day of India is a day dedicated towards collection of funds from people of India for the welfare of the Indian Armed Forces personnel. It has been observed annually in India on December 7 since 1949. Over the years, it has become a tradition to commemorate this day as an honour to the soldiers, airmen and sailors of India.|
|August 17||Indonesian independence proclamation Commemoration of the Proclamation of Independence day of Indonesia every year on August 17.|
|April 24 (1916 date) / Easter Monday||The 'Easter Rising Commemoration' (Comóradh Éirí Amach na Cásca) commemorates the beginning of the Easter Rising of 1916. An army parade on O'Connell Street in Dublin is attended by the President of Ireland, the Taoiseach and other government ministers. The Irish 'tricolour' was adopted by the rebels of 1916.|
|January 7||Festa del tricolore ("Festival of the Tricolour") commemorates adoption of the Italian flag in 1797.|
|December 17||Kurdish flag day is an unofficial holiday associated with the Kurdish independence movement.|
|August 24||Flag day The holiday was first observed in an 1847 convention, when the founding fathers approved the flag's design along with establishing the new republic.|
|January 1||Vėliavos diena ("Flag's day") commemorates raising of the Lithuanian flag on Gediminas' Tower in 1919.|
|Every 1st and 15th day of each month.||Ден на македонското знаме (Den na makedonskoto zname, "Day of the Macedonian Flag"). Every 1st and 15th day of each month, the flag is changed in special ceremony. This celebrates the adoption of the flag.|
|May 17||Celebration of the Norwegian Constitution, signed on 17 May 1814. Now the national day of Norway.|
|August 11||The National Assembly adopted the country's flag on this day.|
|November 4||An annual public holiday in Panama that forms a bridge holiday between Separation Day and Colon Day.|
|May 14||The real date of the independence of Paraguay from Spain in 1811. Celebration continues the next main day, Independence Day.|
|June 7||Commemorates the anniversary of the Battle of Arica and the sacrifice of Alfonso Ugarte.|
|May 28||Araw ng Watawat ("Flag Day"), the anniversary of the 1898 Battle of Alapan where the flag was first used. Display of the flag in all places until Independence Day is encouraged, provided it follows Republic Act 8491.|
|May 2||A holiday introduced in 2004, a day between the feasts of the 1st (International Workers' Day) and 3rd May (May 3rd Constitution Day). Commemorates raising the flag over the Berlin Victory Column after the Battle of Berlin in 1945.|
|December 1||A holiday introduced in 1910, it commemorates raising the flag on Restauradores Square on the anniversary of Restoration of Independence.|
|June 26||A holiday introduced in 1998, it celebrates Decree No. 1 of the Wallachian Provisional Government, which made the blue-yellow-red tricolour the national flag.|
|August 22||Commemorates raising of the present flag over the Russian Supreme Soviet building after a 1991 coup attempt.|
|April 7||Commemorates the anniversary of the first raising of the national flag in 1848 at Wolfova Street 8, Ljubljana.|
|June 6||Svenska flaggans dag ("The Swedish Flag's Day"), observed since the late 19th century. Also the National Day of Sweden since 1983.|
|February 4||Independence Day ("National Day of the Sri Lanka Flag"), The independence day of Sri Lanka is a great national occasion celebrated with parades and pageants combined with the spirit of patriotism and national pride. National Day of Sri Lanka since 1948.|
|September 28||วันพระราชทานธงชาติไทย (Wan Pra Raj Cha Tan Thong Chad Thai, "Thai National Flag Day") The day of King Vajiravudh (Rama VI) adopted to use the flag in 1917. Announce on September 20, 2016 by cabinet of Thailand|
|February 19||Commemorates the adoption of the nation's first flag after gaining independence from the Soviet Union.|
|August 23||День Державного прапора (Den Derzhavnoho prapora, "National Flag Day") commemorates the adoption of the Ukrainian flag; observed since 2004.|
|November 3||Flag Day is celebrated on the day Sheikh Khalifa became President in 2004. It also commemorates the founders of the state, Sheikh Zayed and Sheikh Rashid. The UAE flag was adopted in a different day on December 2, 1971.|
|November 1 ||All Saints' Day|
|June 14||Flag Day Commemorates adoption of the U.S. flag on June 14, 1777.|
|March 11||Flag Day Independence day (Day of the National Flag), 1945.|
|August 3||Commemorates the first raising of the flag by Francisco de Miranda in Venezuelan soil, 1806. Formerly on March 12.|
A Republic Day is a holiday to commemorate the day when a country became republic. In some countries, it is known as National Day or Proclamation Day, or by some other sort of name.
A public holiday, national holiday or legal holiday is a holiday generally established by law and is usually a non-working day during the year.
August is the eighth month of the year in the Julian and Gregorian calendars, and the fifth of seven months to have a length of 31 days. It was originally named Sextilis in Latin because it was the sixth month in the original ten-month Roman calendar under Romulus in 753 BC, and March was the first month of the year. About 700 BC, it became the eighth month when January and February were added to the year before March by King Numa Pompilius, who also gave it 29 days. Julius Caesar added two days when he created the Julian calendar in 46 BC, giving it its modern length of 31 days. In 8 BC, it was renamed in honor of Augustus. According to a Senatus consultum quoted by Macrobius, he chose this month because it was the time of several of his great triumphs, including the conquest of Egypt.
Victory Day is a holiday that commemorates the surrender of Nazis in 1945. It was first inaugurated in the 15 republics of the Soviet Union, following the signing of the German Instrument of Surrender late in the evening on 8 May 1945. The Soviet government announced the victory early on 9 May after the signing ceremony in Berlin. Though the official inauguration occurred in 1945 the holiday became a non-labour day only in 1965 and only in certain Soviet republics.
The flag of Azerbaijan is a horizontal tricolour featuring three equally sized fesses of blue, red, and green, with a white crescent and an eight-pointed star in the center. The tricolour replaced an earlier design used by the Azerbaijan SSR. The blue symbolizes Azerbaijan's Turkic heritage, the red stands for progress, and the green represents Islam. The official colors and size were adopted on 5 February 1991. This flag was used from 9 November 1918 to 1920, when Azerbaijan was independent, and it was revived with slight variations on 5 February 1991. The nickname for the flag is Üçrəngli Bayraq, which means The Tricolour Flag.
"Azərbaycan Marşı" or the March of Azerbaijan, is the national anthem of Azerbaijan. The music was composed by Uzeyir Hajibeyov, with lyrics by poet Ahmad Javad. The government officially adopted the anthem in 1920 with the passage of the decree, "On the State Hymn of the Republic of Azerbaijan." In 1992, after the fall of the Soviet Union, Azerbaijan's government officially restored "Azərbaycan Marşı" as the national anthem.
The flag of Georgia, also known as the Five Cross Flag, is one of the national symbols of Georgia. Originally a banner of the medieval Kingdom of Georgia, it was brought back to popular use in the late 20th and early 21st centuries during periods of the Georgian national revival. Prior to obtaining its official status in 2004, the flag was popularized by the United National Movement and served as one of the most recognisable symbols of the Rose Revolution.
The flag of Ukraine is a banner of two equally sized horizontal bands of blue and yellow.
International Children's Day is a day recognized to celebrate children. The day is celebrated on various dates in different countries.
The Queen's Official Birthday, or the King's Official Birthday, is the selected day in some Commonwealth realms on which the birthday of the monarch is officially celebrated in those countries. It does not necessarily correspond to the date of the monarch's actual birth.
Many nations around the world observe some kind of Armed Forces Day to honor their military forces. It is celebrated in the United States as a day to appreciate all active duty service members. This day is not to be confused with Veterans Day or Memorial Day.
In the United Kingdom, public holidays are days on which most businesses and non-essential services are closed, although an increasing number of retail businesses do open on some of the public holidays. There are restrictions on trading on Sundays and Christmas Day in England and Wales and on New Year's Day and Christmas Day in Scotland. Legally defined holidays, analogous to "public holidays" in many other countries, are usually called bank holidays in the United Kingdom, but can also be referred to as "public holidays"; strictly, however, "public holidays" refer to "common law holidays", the observance of which derive from custom and practice.
Holidays in Azerbaijan were regulated in the Constitution of Azerbaijan SSR for the first time on 19 May 1921 by the Azeri leader Nariman Narimanov. Through the history non-working days have changed.
Defender of the Fatherland Day ; Kazakh: Отан қорғаушы күні; Tajik: Рӯзи Дорандаи Ватан; Kyrgyz: Мекенди коргоочулардын күнү; Belarusian: Дзень абаронцы Айчыны) is a holiday observed in Russia, Turkmenistan, Belarus, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan and Tajikistan. It is celebrated on 23 February, except in Kazakhstan, where it is celebrated on 7 May.
Independence Day is an annual national holiday in the Philippines observed on June 12, commemorating the independence of the Philippines from Spain.
The Azerbaijani National Guard is an armed force of the Government of Azerbaijan, and operates as a semi-independent entity. The Guard was definitely active in December 1996 but now appears to have been incorporated into the Special State Protection Service. The guard was established on the December 25, 1991. The Special State Protection Service (SSPS) of Azerbaijan is a military unit subordinate to the President of Azerbaijan. Its responsibilities include organization of the President of Azerbaijan, the protection of the National Parliament, Presidential Administration of Azerbaijan, the Cabinet of Ministers, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Azerbaijan, the Constitutional Court, the Central Election Commission and other public facilities as well as the protection of foreign heads of state on the territory of Azerbaijan. One of the most important tasks of the SSPS is the safety of the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline and the South Caucasus Pipeline. NATO is providing the service with several helicopters and vehicles in order to safeguard the pipeline.
The Azerbaijani diaspora are the communities of Azerbaijanis living outside the places of their ethnic origin: Azerbaijan and the Iranian region of Azerbaijan. The term Azerbaijani diaspora refers to the global community of ethnic Azerbaijanis.
In Australia, Australian National Flag Day is celebrated on 3 September. It commemorates the day in 1901 on which the Australian National Flag was first flown. On that day Prime Minister Edmund Barton announced the winners of the official 1901 Federal Flag Design Competition. A large flag, 5.5 by 11 metres, was flown over the dome of the Royal Exhibition Building in Melbourne.
The Medal of Pushkin is a state decoration of the Russian Federation awarded to its citizens for achievements in the arts and culture, education, humanities and literature. It is named in honour of Russian author and poet Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin.
The dissolution of the Soviet Union occurred on 26 December 1991, officially granting self-governing independence to the Republics of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR). It was a result of the declaration number 142-Н of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. The declaration acknowledged the independence of the former Soviet republics and created the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), although five of the signatories ratified it much later or did not do so at all. On the previous day, 25 December, Soviet President Mikhail Gorbachev, the eighth and final leader of the USSR, resigned, declared his office extinct and handed over its powers—including control of the Soviet nuclear missile launching codes—to Russian President Boris Yeltsin. That evening at 7:32 p.m., the Soviet flag was lowered from the Kremlin for the last time and replaced with the pre-revolutionary Russian flag.
Defender of Ukraine Day is a state holiday in Ukraine celebrated annually on 14 October. Its first celebration was in 2015. Starting from 2015, this day is considered a public holiday.