Flag of Slovenia

Last updated
Flag of the Republic of Slovenia
Flag of Slovenia.svg
Use National flag and naval ensign
Proportion1:2
Adopted25 June 1991 [1]
DesignA horizontal tricolor of white, blue, and red; charged with the Coat of arms at the hoist side

The national flag of Slovenia (Slovene : zastava Slovenije) features three equal horizontal bands of white (top), blue, and red, with the Coat of arms of Slovenia located in the upper hoist side of the flag centered in the white and blue bands. The coat of arms is a shield with the image of Mount Triglav, Slovenia's highest peak, in white against a blue background at the center; beneath it are two wavy blue lines representing the Adriatic Sea and local rivers, and above it are three six-pointed golden stars arranged in an inverted triangle which are taken from the coat of arms of the Counts of Celje, the great Slovene dynastic house of the late 14th and early 15th centuries. [2]

Contents

The flag's colors are considered to be Pan-Slavic, but they actually come from the medieval coat of arms of the Duchy of Carniola, consisting of a blue eagle on a white background with a red-and-gold crescent. [3] The existing Slovene tricolor was raised for the first time in history during the Revolution of 1848 by the Slovene Romantic nationalist activist and poet Lovro Toman on 7 April 1848, in Ljubljana, in response to a German flag which was raised on top of Ljubljana Castle. [4]

The civil and state ensign for ships has the same design as the national flag, but a different shape (2:3 instead of 1:2). Boats up to 24 metres (79 ft) use the national flag as an ensign. [5] The naval jack uses colors of the coat of arms, a white, blue, and yellow horizontal tricolor. [6]

Historical development

Origins

1:2 Flag of the Slovene nation, first flown during the spring of nations of 1848. Flag of the Slovene Nation.svg
1:2 FIAV historical.svg Flag of the Slovene nation, first flown during the spring of nations of 1848.

The white-blue-red Slovene flag was first raised on 7 April 1848, on a building between Congress Square and Prešeren Square in Ljubljana, by a group of nationally minded students led by the prominent liberal nationalist activist and poet Lovro Toman. Despite opposition from the local ethnic Germans it was subsequently recognized by the Austrian Government as the official flag of Carniola. This formal recognition, albeit on a regional level, was an exception to the policy of the Austrian Government which tended to persecute national symbols of the non-German nationalities in the Empire.

In addition, Austrian authorities saw all tricolors as basically nationalist and potentially revolutionary symbols, so Austrian provinces (as the Empire itself) were only allowed to use bicolors (the only exception being the flag of the Kingdom of Croatia and Slavonia, since it was interpreted to be a combination of the Croatian and Slavonian bicolors). So the official recognition of the Carniolan white-blue-red tricolor instead of the traditional white-blue bicolor was seen as a major achievement by the Slovenes and it quickly became the symbol representing the idea of United Slovenia. In the second half of the 19th century, the Slovene national tricolor became the only truly all-Slovene symbol, representing all Slovenes, regardless of the historical region in which they lived.

The tricolor flag continued to be associated with Slovenia during the country's incorporation into Yugoslavia, although officially the whole kingdom including Slovenia had the same flag, in this case, the blue-white-red. In the interwar period, it was also used by the Slovenes of the Julian March that were annexed to Italy, where it was prohibited and persecuted by the fascist regime.

Slovene flags during and after WWII

1:2 Flag used by Slovene Home Guard 1941-1945. Flag of the Slovene Home Guard.svg
1:2 FIAV historical.svg Flag used by Slovene Home Guard 1941–1945.
1:2 Flag used by Slovene Partisans that was adopted on 26 September 1941 at the Stolice meeting of the Yugoslav Partisans. Slovenian Partisans flag.svg
1:2 FIAV historical.svg Flag used by Slovene Partisans that was adopted on 26 September 1941 at the Stolice meeting of the Yugoslav Partisans.
1:2 Flag of SR Slovenia, 1945-1991. Flag of Slovenia (1945-1991).svg
1:2 FIAV historical.svg Flag of SR Slovenia, 1945–1991.

During World War II The Slovene national colors were used both by the Partisan Resistance Movement (usually with a red star in the middle) and by the Slovene Home Guard, the voluntary anti-Communist militia sponsored and supported by the Nazi German occupation forces.

In 1945 a red star was officially placed on the flag of the Socialist Republic of Slovenia, a constituent of the Socialist Yugoslavia.

Flag of independent Slovenia

1:2 Flag proposal in 1990 before independence by the Party of Democratic Reform. Slovenia Flag Proposal 1990 before independence.svg
1:2 FIAV proposal.svg Flag proposal in 1990 before independence by the Party of Democratic Reform.

Following Slovene independence from Yugoslavia, the red star was removed and the new coat of arms, designed by Marko Pogačnik, was added. The flag was officially adopted on 27 June 1991, following a long and controversial dispute about the coat of arms of the new Republic.

Government (maritime) flags

These flags are used on naval vessels only.

FlagUseDescription
Flag of the President of Slovenia.svg President of Slovenia A white field with a thin blue border and within it, a thin red border. The national coat of arms is at the center.
Flag of the President of the Parliament of Slovenia.svg President of the National Assembly of Slovenia A red field with a blue border, with the national coat of arms at the center.
Flag of the Prime Minister of Slovenia.svg Prime Minister of Slovenia A blue field with a red border, with the national coat of arms at the center.
Flag of Minister of Defense of Slovenia.svg Minister of Defence of Slovenia A crimson field with an azure border, in the center is the Slovenian Army emblem.
Flag of Chief of General Staff of the Slovenian Army.svg Chief of the General Staff of Slovenia An azure field with a crimson border, the center contains the Slovenian Army emblem.
FlagDateUseDescription
Naval jack of Slovenia (1995-1996).svg 1995-1996 [7] Naval Jack of SloveniaA navy blue field with the national coat of arms in the center
Naval Jack of Slovenia.svg 1996–present [8] Naval Jack of SloveniaA horizontal tricolor of white, blue, yellow.

Other flags

FlagUseDescription
Flag of the Slovenian Armed Forces.svg Flag of the Slovenian Armed Forces A horizontal tricolor of white, blue, and red, with the Slovenian Army emblem in the center. Surrounding it in gold (in Slovenian) reads "Republic of Slovenia; Slovene Army".

Colours

SchemeWhiteBlueRedYellow
CMYK   0   0   0   0  100  60   0  10  0 100 100   0  0  10 100   0
RGB   255-255-255 (#ffffff)  0-92-230 (#005CE6)  255-0-0 (#FF0000)  255-230-0 (#FFE600)
SCOTDIC Code 777—Int'l Colour Codification System (2034)  N1 N95  N46 N722509  N23 N074014  N6 N197512
[9]

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References

  1. "A proclamation of The Constitutional Amanademat C to the Constitution of the Republic of Slovenia" (PDF). Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 1/1991. Ljubljana. 25 June 1991. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
  2. "In Brief". Slovenija.si. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  3. "National symbols" . Retrieved 20 February 2018.
  4. Celebration of the Slovene Tricolor (In Slovene: "Praznik slovenske trobojnice"), MMC RTV Slovenia, 7. april 2013
  5. "Slovenia: Civil and state ensigns". Crwflags.com. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  6. "Uradni list - Vsebina Uradnega lista". Uradni-list.si. Retrieved 12 December 2017.
  7. "Article 42 Paragraph 3 of the Rules on the Registration and Marking of Vehicles, Aircraft and Vessels of Ministry of Defence". The Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 67/1995, 23. 11. 1995.
  8. "Article 1 of the Rules amending Rules on the Registration and Marking of Vehicles, Aircraft and Vessels of the Ministry of Defence". The Official Gazette of the Republic of Slovenia, No. 34/1996, 29. 6. 1996. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
  9. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2009-06-19. Retrieved 2010-10-15.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)